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🌤 | Shichigosan's visit is Indian summer


The visit of Shichigosan is Indian summer

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In the morning, your feet get cold, so be careful of the temperature difference when you go out with unfamiliar clothes such as Shichigosan's sunny clothes.

There are thunderstorms in Kyushu and Okinawa, but the weather in western Japan is expected to gradually recover in the afternoon.East Japan too ... → Continue reading

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Temperature difference


Shichigosan(Mr. Shichigo) is Japan celebrating the growth of children aged 7, 5, and 3 years old.Annual eventAndShrine-templeEtc"In ShichigosanA dedication festival to report, thank, and pray.


TenwaFirst yearMay 11(1681 May 12)Tatebayashi CastleLordTokugawa Tokumatsu(The 5th Shogun of the Edo ShogunateTokugawa TsunayoshiThe theory that it started in prayer for the health of (the eldest son) is influential.[1].

Today, it is popular all over the country, but during the Edo periodKantoIn the areaRegionWas a custom[Source required]..Eventually, this ritual began to be held in Kyoto and Osaka, and gradually spread throughout the country.


Old calendar15th was onceXNUMXth night OfGhost dayOn the day when the demons didn't go out, it was said that it was good to do anything.In addition, November of the lunar calendar is the month when the harvest is finished and the fruit is thanked to God.full moonOn the 15th, which is the day ofUjigamiI also thanked the children for their growth and prayed for their blessings.

It is a Shinto ritual that began in the Edo period, and it is officially performed in the counting years of the lunar calendar.[2].

From the idea that it is important to give thanks and celebrate as a Shinto ritual, in modern times, it is often done at full age instead of counting years.

After the Meiji calendar reformNew year OfMay 11It came to be done in.Nowadays, instead of sticking to November 11th, it is often held on any Saturday, Sunday, or public holiday in November.

Hokkaidoetc,Cold districtThen, since it is cold around November 11th, it is often done one month earlier on October 15th.

Meaning of each age

Currently, the name "Shichigosan" tends to be regarded as the same event held at each age, but in reality it is a different event. Since the event of the three children was called "Shichigosan", the content of the original Shinto ritual has faded and it seems to be the same event.Therefore, even now, the age and content of celebrations differ depending on the region.


OriginatedKanto regionThen, it is considered as follows.

  • 3 years old (the year when the full age is 2 years old) is regarded as "hair rest", mainlyGirlDo (in the old days)BoyI did it, so I may still do it now).Edo PeriodHe had a habit of shaving his hair until he was three years old, so he decided to finish it.
  • A boy will perform the counting year 5 years old (the year when he is 4 years old) as a "hakama".Boys HakamaThe ceremony to start wearing.Heian periodIt is a model of the event that was held in the Kuge class.[3]In the old days, I went to both men and women,samuraiThen I went only to boys, so it gradually became an event for boys[4].
  • The counting year of 7 years old (the year when the full age is 6 years old) is defined as "obi unraveling" (or "unraveling"), and is performed by a girl.womanAfter graduating from the kimono with a string, he begins to tie the same wide obi as an adult.

Recently, there are some examples of doing all three times regardless of gender.odd numberTheOmenGoodQuantityThinkChugoku OfthoughtThere is also the influence of.

Other regions

AboveAs a custom of originThirteen worshipersThere is, and this is also gradually spreading nationwide.

In a strange placeFukuokaAt the age of 4-5, "string oysters", and at the age of 7, "hekokaki" (boy) / "yumojikaki" (girl) (both)Loincloth,Yu characterThere is a district where you can wear adult-specific underwear for the first time.

There is an idea in the Izumo region that 3 years old = words, 5 years old = wisdom, 7 years old = thank you for giving teeth from God, and that 3 years old, 5 years old, 7 years old are also a kind of trouble for children.[5].


KimonoShow official clothing in the case of[6].

  • 3-year-old girl
YuzenDyedcrepeMade solid on the ground (both front and back)Four bodies, Underwear (underwear layered inside) is harmonious plain, Yuzen, crepe of pattern, etc.LongundershirtIs a red crestHabutae..Is eight shakuhachiObiIs redAperture,Obi fasteningIs roundedFanAnd wear.ClothIn many cases.
  • 5-year-old boy
Habutae mochi with a pattern (a pattern that is arranged horizontally around the waist of the long clothes and at the bottom of the sleeves)Long clothesIn addition, plain or striped, or TomeHakama, TomeHaori..Is a white circleWhite fanhave.
  • 7-year-old girl
Final cuttingSmallFurisode..If you want to be able to wear it even when you grow upFive crestsAnd.Ironing, obi fried, obi tightening, etc. are the same for a 3-year-old girl.


Chitose candy

In Shichigosan, parents put their wishes for longevity in their children.Chitose candy(Chitose candy) ”and eat and celebrate[7]..The name Chitose candy has a good meaning of "thousand years", that is, "long" and "longevity", and it is thin and long (直径It is colored within about 15 mm and within 1 m in length) in each color of red and white, which is said to be auspicious.Chitose candy is auspicious, such as Tsurugame and Shochikuume.DesignIt is put in the Chitose candy bag with the picture on it.


Chitose candyEdo Period OfGenroku-HoeiAt that timeAsakusaIt is said that the candy seller Shichibei started with the popular "Sennen candy".

Manufacturing method

The shape and color of the Chitose candy manufacturing method differ from region to region.

Chitose candy in KantoSyrupとsugarAs a material,pot140 inEvery timeBoil until it reaches a certain level of heat, then remove it from the pan and spread it flat to cool.In order to evenly mix the air into the soft lumps of candy that have begun to harden, the candy lumps are hooked on a stick and then stretched and folded back into multiple layers on a machine called a whitening machine.By this process, innumerable small gaps of air are created in the transparent candy and diffusely reflected to make it look white, and the texture peculiar to Chitose candy is created.Remove the candy mass, which is hot enough to burn you to the touch, from the whitening machine, stretch it by hand or machine, roll it on a flat table to form it into a uniform thickness, and cut it to an appropriate length without chipping. Cut it by tapping it with a kitchen knife.At a confectionery store that values ​​tradition and style, the Chitose candy made through the above procedure is delivered to the shrine, and after receiving a prayer, it is displayed at the store.

風 船

At Shichigosan風 船,cotton candyMay be given.

Events at the hotel

Saitama,Chiba,IbarakiIn the southern region, celebrate Shichigosan at hotels, etc.a wedding ceremonyIt may be held extravagantly.


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Shichigosan | Association of Shinto Shrine". www.jinjahoncho.or.jp. 2021/1/25Browse.
  2. ^ Musashiya Why is Shichigosan Day November 11th?
  3. ^ Kazuko Koizumi ed. "Showa no Kimono" Kawade Shobo Shinsha <Rampu no Hon>, May 2006, 5.ISBN 9784309727523. 
  4. ^ "Soen New Year Issue Appendix Clothing Handbook" Bunka Fashion College Publishing Bureau, January 1955. 
  5. ^ Published "Izumo Taisha Educational Teacher Training Course" Izumo Taisha Educational Affairs Headquarters September 9 427 pages 236 pages 237 pages 238 pages
  6. ^ "Soen New Year Issue Appendix Clothing Handbook" Bunka Fashion College Publishing Bureau, January 1955. 
  7. ^ Edo food culture travelogue Edo delicious exploration Chitose candy etc.

外部 リンク


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