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🚄 | It used to be the departure and arrival station for buses heading to Kamikochi [Wooden Station Building Catalog] Chuo Main Line 12/239 Yabuhara Station


It used to be the departure and arrival station for buses heading to Kamikochi [Wooden Station Building Catalog] Chuo Main Line 12/239 Yabuhara Station

If you write the contents roughly
At a simple consignment station, there was a station staff at the window with the business hours posted as "7:10 to 15:50".

*Taken in September 2021 The top image is Yabuhara Station on the Chuo Main Line.A large wooden station building on a wide station square.The station is... → Continue reading

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Japanese railway station

Japanese railway station(Nihon no Tetsudo-eki)JapanDescribes the railway station in.

in JapanStation staffIs locatedRailway stationaboutticketEtc.Admission ticketIt is common that you cannot enter the boarding area unless you have.A doorway where station staff inspect and collect ticketsTicket gateCalled.Currently, mainly in urban areas, ticketsvending machine(Automatic ticket vending machine) AndAutomatic ticket gateIs often used.

Also, onceJapan National Railway(JNR)Temporary boarding / alighting areaThere was a facility called, which handled passengers getting on and off, but this was not a regular railway station but a facility for getting on and off under the authority of the Regional Administration Bureau, and was mainly installed in Hokkaido.Temporary boarding / alighting area1987 OfPrivatization of the national railway divisionOf the line itself that belongs toAbolishedDisappeared due to the upgrade to a formal station.

Station classification

The freight customers, operating forms, and structures handled in Japan are roughly classified as follows.The following basically conforms to the definition of the former Japanese National Railways.

Classification by the object to be handled

General station

Refers to those that have the function of handling both passengers and cargo.For business contentBaggageIt may include the handling of, but on the Japanese National RailwaysLuggage trainWith1986(61)November 11st blank paper timetable revisionIt has been abolished with, and has not been taken over by JR companies.

Meiji EraMany of the major stations at the beginning of the railway's opening were opened as general stations that handle both passengers and freight, but after that, due to the increase in the number of freight handled after the middle of the Meiji era, it was a big city.Terminal stationIn some cases, the freight station is separated (eg JR)Osaka StationとUmeda Freight Station).

On the other hand, at the station in the middle of the line, due to rationalization due to sluggish freight transportation since the 1970s, in 1984freight trainThe operation mode ofCar freightThe number of general stations has decreased significantly due to the reorganization of freight handling stations.Most of the remaining general stations are stations that have a container handling base or are connected to petroleum departure and arrival bases (refiners, oil depots).

Incidentally,Shinagawa Station,Nagoya StationThere is no freight facility like, and at first glance it looks like a passenger station (Shinagawa was handling freight until 1994),Sendai Freight Terminal Station,Tokyo Freight Terminal StationA general station that looks like a freight station without passenger facilities (originally a freight station, but both were in 1986 at the end of the national railwayformalThere is also (passenger company inherited), which started handling passengers.

Main general stations

Passenger station

A station for passengers to get on and off.Generally speaking, "station" refers to a passenger station or a general station that handles passengers.

Freight station

cargoStation for loading and unloading.The so-called "cargo base".freight trainOnly stops and general passengers cannot get on and off.Make up the trainMarshalling yard(Yard) is also a kind of this freight station.Many of the freight stations that serve as bases have names such as "○○ freight terminal station".In addition, due to the speeding up of rail transportation,E & S (arrival / departure line cargo handling) methodThere is no new technology introduced or freight trainsOff-rail stationSome are.

Main freight stations

Classification according to the presence or absence of station staff

Manned station

Station staffThe railway station where is located.It can be further classified into the following three types according to the operation form.

Directly operated station

A station where regular employees of a railway company perform station operations.Depending on the size of the station staff,Stationmaster-Deputy stationmaster-Assistant(JR West also has a "manager") ・ There are stations where all general employees are assigned, stationmasters + general station staff, and stations where only general station staff are assigned.There are also many stations that manage consignment stations and unmanned stations.

Outsourced station

Affiliated company of railway company (Station serviceEtc.), etc., stations that outsource all operations except driving handling.For users, it is not much different from a directly managed station.In recent yearsStation NakaIn some cases, station operations are outsourced to a subsidiary that operates ancillary businesses around the station, such as cleaning commercial facilities and vehicles / station buildings.

The station staff at the outsourced station may be wearing the uniform of the railway company or the uniform of the outsourced company.

JR and other companiesPrivate railway,subwayWithShared use stationSome stations outsource station operations to other companies.At such stations, there may be restrictions on the sale of JR tickets.

In addition to JR, the number of railway companies that outsource station operations to affiliated companies is increasing.

Simple consignment station

Generally speaking, a consignment station often shows this format.In order to distinguish it from outsourced stations, it is sometimes called "simplified (station)" or "simplified".Release of tickets (Ticketing business) But from the railway company市町村-Agricultural cooperative・ A station entrusted to a store or an individual in front of the station.

Basically, the station staff at Kan'i Itaku Station only issues tickets at the counter, such as selling tickets.For this reason,Collecting billsas well as the Ticket gateThe crew of the train that stops at the station will perform such tasks.However,Obama Line OfMihama Station,Wakasa Takahama Station,Geibi Line OfBingo Shobara StationThere are also simple consignment stations that carry out ticket gate operations at stations.

Formally, there are stations that sell tickets inside the station building and stations that sell tickets at the trustee's home or shops.

Even if the ticket is outsourced inside the station building, the outsourced station staff will not handle it directly as a customer, and as a general rule, the tickets sold at the counter are limited to short-distance tickets and coupon tickets.However, within the jurisdiction of JR Hokkaido, JR East, JR West, and JR Kyushu, consignment station staff will collect and settle tickets at some simple consignment stations centered on consignment to subsidiaries, municipalities and other public interest groups, and general companies. There are some cases where it is not possible to say unconditionally.In addition, in the case of municipalities and corporate consignment, there are cases where a contract is made to sell tickets and reserved tickets nationwide.In many cases, the consignment station staff at the simple consignment station work in plain clothes such as commercially available office clothes or in the uniforms of the consignment company.

If the sales office is located on the trustee side, even if there is a station building, it will not be used for station operations, and it will look the same as an unmanned station.Also, if it is a simple consignment during the JNR eraOfficial gazetteOr it was announced by the Japanese National Railways.The announcement is simply "unmanned station", but this meansDo not assign JNR staffHowever, this does not apply to outsourcers.

In addition, since some stations are not open 24 hours a day,Takayama Main Line,Taita LineFor routes that operate one-man trains at night, such as, the format is to put them in a collection box.In addition to the above routes, JR Tokai jurisdictionTokaido Main Line-Chuo Main LineOn routes other than the above, the conductor collects tickets during the closing hours.

Sales from Kan'i Itaku Station are to be paid to the management station on a fixed date.The ticket sales consignment fee is set for each company, and in the case of JR East, it is 1% of the face value (however, the commuter pass is 5%). In JR West, a bundle of 1.8 regular tickets is spelled out, and you can buy it from the management station at the price of 1 tickets. Of the 11 pieces sold, one piece will be the income of the trustee.In addition, when subcontracting to a JR West affiliated company such as JR West Koutsu Service or a local travel agency / taxi company as well as JR Tokai, Mars terminals and POS terminals will be installed or reserved tickets will be sold. In some cases, it is done with a Mars terminal or a replenishment ticket for exclusive use of charges.In addition, in the case of consignment to a municipality or NPO corporation, even if ticket sales are canceled due to the installation of a ticket vending machine or IC card charging machine, the trustee receives a sales commission from the sales of the ticket vending machine or charging machine and is treated as a simple consignment. There is an example of continuing.


A station where station staff are not resident. It is also called a "station without station staff".

Classification by station authority

Management station

Stations that have been given the prescribed discretionary authority by the operating company.The stationmaster has the highest authority.In many cases, some personnel rights, such as dispatching employees to managed stations (managed stations) only during rush hours, are granted.It also provides guidance on nearby business consignment stations and simple consignment stations, as well as maintenance of managed stations and unmanned stations.In addition, in JR Kyushu, due to the review of the business system, in some areas, as far as unmanned station maintenance is concerned, it is not a directly managed station but a railway division construction center.[2].

Stations with a large number of passengers are often thought of as management stations, but looking at the actual distribution, there is a tendency for the level of railway facilities to be more important than the number of passengers getting on and off.

For example, Hyogo OfAkashi Station TheAkashi CityIn the center ofNishi Akashi StationThere are more than 1 passengers, but it is under the umbrella of Nishi-Akeishi Station (however, the stationmaster is assigned as a district station).

In addition, at management stations with a small number of staff, assistants are frequently provided from nearby management stations.

District station

In the case of JR East, management stations are grouped by district, and important stations are designated as district stations, and the stationmaster of that district station also serves as the "district stationmaster".for exampleJR East Sendai BranchThe district stationmaster in the Furukawa areaFurukawa StationThe chief also servesIshinomaki Station-Koushida Station-Kurikoma-Kogen StationIs in charge of.Some branch offices have set up departments such as district guidance centers, district centers, and support centers that mainly perform logistical support operations in each district.

JR East Niigata BranchIn some cases, the management of surrounding stations is concentrated in the district stations, and the directly managed stations other than the district stations are managed independently by the own station.For example, in the Sakata areaSakata StationとTsuruoka StationIs a directly managed station, but Tsuruoka station manages only its own station, and other unmanned stations, simple consignment stations, and business consignment stations are all managed by Sakata station, which is a district station.

In addition, probably because the terms and systems are different for each company, in the case of JR West, the station equivalent to the "district station" in JR East (there may be multiple management stations even in the railway section / section). Is designated as a "management station", and the base station under its umbrella is designated as a "district station", and a stationmaster (inside the department, an assistant to the management station) is assigned to share management duties.[3].

Managed station

Stations that have limited discretionary authority from the management station.At directly managed stations, the assistant (in the case of more than one, the first assistant) has the highest authority and may be given the title of stationmaster.However, the scope of discretion is left to the management station, and important decisions are often made by the stationmaster of the management station.At consignment stations and unmanned stations, it seems that the manager of the management station concurrently serves as it is, or that an assistant in charge is appointed in the management station.

In addition, the directly managed station where station staff are dispatched from the management stationDispatch stationThat is.The dispatch station is basically as described above, but in reality, station staff working at the dispatch station may be assigned.In this case, the affiliation is the management station, but the location is the dispatch station.Since the number of station staff working at the dispatched station is small, assistant work is performed from the management station on a daily basis.

Classification by station installation period

Permanent station

A station that is open all year round after it is installed.

Temporary station

Stations that are open only at specific times, or stations that are temporarily set up and open for events.Temporary stationSee also

Rest station

The station itself exists, but the train does not stop for some reason.Rest stationSee also

Affiliation line

JR(National railway) Railway stations have one affiliation line for each.The same applies to stations where multiple lines are gathered, and lines other than the line to which they belong are available.Basically, the line that opened at the same time as the station was set up is the affiliation line, so the affiliation line may be different at the next station.

Example (the line in parentheses is the line of affiliation)

Also, if the original line of affiliation is converted to another carrier, the line of affiliation of that station will be changed to the remaining connecting line.This is especiallyMaintenance bullet trainIt is often caused by the separation of management of parallel conventional lines.

An example

Railway station now

Stations go beyond the role of getting train passengers on and off.Station buildingFor homes, etc.Stand-CafeteriaIt has been practiced for a long time to set up stores such as.

In the station yardconvenience storeOr multiple restaurant,bookstore, Etc., so-called "Station NakaA shopping zone called "" may be set up.In addition to theseconcertThere are also various activities such as livelihood support and cultural activities for railway users, such as events such as exhibitions and exhibitions.

It was also enacted in 2000Act on facilitating smooth movement of public transportation for the elderly and disabled(Traffic Barrier Free Law. In 2006Act on promotion of facilitation of movement of elderly people, persons with disabilities, etc.Due to the transition to)handicappedIt is required to create an environment that is easy to use.

ThisEscalator,elevator, HandicappedOstomateCorresponding toWCIs becoming more widespread and easier to use for people with disabilities.

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismBy 2010, if there is a step of 5000 m or more at a station with more than 5 passengers, the goal is to facilitate movement by eliminating the step with an elevator / escalator.In addition, at stations on some lines, to prevent falls on the tracksHome doorHas been installed, and safety is also taken into consideration.

In the past, even small stations had station staff to handle cargo and driving, and even small stations required a station building of a certain size or larger.However, recently, if the number of passengers is very small due to the management stance of saving labor costs and giving priority to things that are not costly to maintain (maintenance free),RegionAroundMujin-ekiMany examples have come to be seen.The former station building has been removed, and some stations have only waiting rooms, only ticket sheds, or no buildings.On the other hand, in the city center, we used the fact that people gathered at the station.Station buildingAlso, the number of Hashigami station buildings that double as free passages is increasing.


The number of passengers at a station is usually represented by the number of passengers who have passed through the ticket gate, and the number of passengers who get on and off the train is used as the number of passengers who get on and off the train, or the number of passengers who get on and off the train.In Japan, the former is mainly used by JR, and the latter is mainly used by other businesses.

This numberDirect operationHowever, it does not necessarily match the number of users of the station, such as the fact that connections between the same operators are not taken into consideration, while the number of passengers crossing operators is also counted.

Building Standard Law and station building

Building Standards LawAlthough there is no term for "station building", it is excluded from "buildings" to which this law applies under Article 2 of the law. "Shelves, storage tanks and other similar facilities" are listed.Therefore, ticket gate facilities and station offices that are in contact with the platform are not subject to the law.The same applies to the stairs and passages at Hashigami Station and underground stations.However, the so-called "" integrated with the station facilitiesStation buildingCommercial facilities, general living rooms and evacuation facilities are subject to the Building Standards Act, including their structures.Detailed operationSpecified administrative agencyDepends on.In addition, according to the provisions of Article 40 of the same lawMunicipalities OrdinanceSince regulations can be added with, it is safe andUniversal designThere is a place to determine this from the viewpoint of.In addition, from the viewpoint of effective use of land in the city center, on the premises of elevated structures including railways, road diagonal lines and shade regulations under the Building Standards Act, etc.Group regulationsSome of the applications are to be excluded.

Characteristic station building

Historical station building

Etc. (* indicates that the station is not currently used as a station building due to the transition to a new station building or abandoned railway / station)



[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ In the past, we also provided simple consignment, but it will end in October 2011.
  2. ^ This is a labor-saving measure in which employees of the construction center manage unmanned stations along with work such as track maintenance and signals.
  3. ^ Railway journalArticles of JR West stations in the series "Local trains across Japan"

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