Announcing the outline of the new world competition "Gran Turismo World Series 2022". From May 5th ...
If you write the contents roughly
In addition, during the season, the "World Series" online distribution event, in which top players from all over the world will face each other, will be held in three rounds each in the "Nations Cup" and "Manufacturers Cup".
Sony Interactive Entertainment (SIE) will be on May 5th, PlayStation 25 / Playstay ... → Continue reading
Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
World series(English: World Series) Isbaseball OfMajor league baseball(MLB) championship deciding match.After the end of the regular season every year10ToNational leagueとAmerican leagueThe winning teams fight each other,Throne of the yearCompete.For the series winning teamMLB Mechanism CommissionerFrom the winning trophy "Commissioner's Trophy"Will be presented. Also, the team will commemorate the victory.Champion ringIt is customary to produce and give it to the players.The popular name isAutumn festival(Fall Classic).
MLBNorth AmericaDeploy toProfessional baseballIt ’s a league, and 30 out of 29 teamsThe United States of AmericaIt is based in. Including MLB4 major professional sports leagues in North AmericaA common feature of all players is that the flow of talented players from all over the world to the North American League has been established, so winning the North American League in that competition-winning this World Series in baseball- It can be said that it is practically the best in the world..However, MLB is the only one that has the name World in the championship deciding match of the four major professional sports leagues in North America.[† 1].. In January 2010, it will be the second largest after MLBJapanese professional baseballWith the World Series ChampionJapan Championship SeriesIt became clear that the champion's match was being considered, Has not been realized yet.
As the origin of the word world in the name of the seriesNew York Stateニ ュ ー ヨ ー クThe daily newspaper "New York WorldThere is a theory that it was sponsored by ”, but this is incorrect...In fact, with the National League, which was held for seven years in the 19th centuryAmerican associationThe championship by the winning team of the team gradually came to be called the World Series due to the tendency of those days to prefer exaggerated expressions.1903/It has been passed down to the present since it started in. The 19th century series and the current series are not treated as the same and are distinguished.The current series is1904/と1994/Held every year except for two cancellations2021/At the end, it will be held 117 times.
Economic magazine "ForbesAccording to the October 2017 announcement, the World Series will have a brand value of $ 10 million, the 1th highest sporting event in the world.[† 2]..On the other hand, the average audience rating of national television broadcasts1980/It has been on a downward trend after peaking at 32.8% of,2012/To break the lowest record at 7.6%, etc., I also have a problem.
The road to the World Series
Major league baseball30 teams, 15 teams eachAmerican leagueとNational leagueIn both leagues, 5 teams are divided into 3 districts, East, Middle and West (see the table on the right).Each team will play 162 games in the regular season, centering on the match against the same area in the league.As a result, the team with the highest winning percentage in each district (6 teams in total) will win the district.In addition, among the teams that could not win the district, the top two teams in each league with the highest winning percentage (2 teams in total) are regardless of the district.WildcardWill be.These 10 teamsPost seasonAdvance to.At this time, if more teams are lined up in the 1st place in the district or 2nd place in the wild card, it will be an extension of the regular season.Playoffs by the teamWill be held.
In the postseason, the wildcard teams will win or lose in one match. "Wild card games"Will be held. The team that won this match will also have the district championship team."Division seriesProceed to (Division Series). In this series, the district championship team and the wild card game winner 4 teams will play in two groups, and the winner will be the one who wins the first three in a maximum of five games. And the winners of the Division Series followed, "League championship series"(League championship deciding match) can be seen. In the series, the one who wins 7 games first in a maximum of 4 games wins and wins the league as the series name suggests. The team that won this championship series in each league Advance to the World Series.
As with the League Championship Series, the World Series will be won by the team that won the first four games in up to seven games.The series will end when either team reaches four wins, and no further matches will be played.
シリーズは片方の球団の本拠地で第1・2・6・7戦を、もう片方の球団の本拠地で第3・4・5戦を開催する。どちらの球団の本拠地でシリーズが開幕するかについては、2017年からはレギュラーシーズンの勝率などで決める方式である。2003年から2016年まではAll star gamesIf the American League wins in the All-Star Game, it will be the home of the American League championship team, and if the National League wins, it will be the home of the National League championship team.Also, regardless of this result, in a match at the home of the American League championship teamNominated batterThe system is adopted. (With the introduction of the designated hitter system in the 2022 National League, pitchers are no longer at bat at present.)
19th century championship deciding match
CurrentMajor league baseballConsists ofNational league(1876/Founded) andAmerican league(1901/(Founded) 2 leagues.However, there have been several other leagues in history that have been recognized as "Major Leagues" today.Of the "Major League" that was run before the American League was launched, it lasted for a relatively long 10 years.American associationHas signed an agreement with the National League, where the winning teams of each league will play against each other.1884/から1890/This championship, which had been held until then, was also called the World Series, but it is different from the current World Series..
The National League is the firstProfessional baseballIs a leagueNational Association of Professional Baseball Players(NAPBBP) is the predecessor.1871/NAP BBP, which was founded in Japan, disappeared in just five years due to a number of problems such as the adhesion between players and gamblers, but it was the first time that the team that won this league match was the national champion. Has a big meaning in..The first "US Open"Philadelphia Athletics(CurrentAuckland AthleticsIs a separate team), and the next1872/から1875/Until Boston Red Stockings (currentlyAtlanta Braves) Won the 4th straight victory. At NAPBBP, the pulling out of excellent players is intense, Red Stockings won the championship for the fourth consecutive year, largely due to the financial strength of the supporters.
Chicago White Stockings (now) who participated in NABPBP in 1876Chicago Cubs) RepresentativeWilliam HulbertWill play a central role in launching a new National League.In the first year of the new league, eight teams competed from April 4nd to October 22st, and White Stockings won with 10 wins and 21 losses...This National League is the first of the leagues currently recognized as "Major Leagues".And from this year1881/For the last six years, the National League was the only "major league".However, in the early days of the National League, many other professional baseball teams were active, and some of them had better abilities than the National League member teams...While the National League has taken in such teams, if a team that cannot digest the schedule due to financial difficulties emerges, even if it is the first "American champion" Athletics, it is mercilessly dismissed and forced to dissolve. ..
In the fall of 1881, the American Association was decided to be established as an organization to compete with the National League, and the following day.1882/The league match will start from.The American Association aimed as the main customer baseBlue collarwas.The National League has the idea that Halberd aims to penetrate people with high social status.,SundayMany workers couldn't afford to go to the stadium because they didn't hold a match in..The American Association will also play on Sundays to capture this class, and at the stadium banned by the National League.liqueurWas also approved for sale.As a result, the American Association attracted more spectators than the National League in its first year...The National League, which had lost the league president Halbert in April of this year,1883/Concludes an agreement with the American Association of Independent Professionals.The agreement includes information on player contracts and the holding of championships between the winning teams of both leagues..
In the 1884 season, in the National LeagueProvidence GraysBut in the American AssociationNew York MetropolitansHowever, each won the championship.And for three days from October 10rd to 23th, there will be three consecutive battles between both teams.New York Stateマ ン ハ ッ タ ン OfPolo GroundsIt was held in Japan, and Glaze won three consecutive victories.Champion of the yearPost seasonThis was the first case officially decided by..Despite the fact that the three-game series was originally called The Championship of the United States, many newspapers have called Glaze the world champion., The series itselfWorld seriesThe name has taken root.the 1880sWas an era when these exaggerated words were popular..This 1884 was the third "major league" after the National League and the American Association.Union associationIs also activeSt. Louis MaroonsWon the championship, but the league was founded against the National League and others, and Maroons has not participated in the World Series.Union Association disbanded in one year, Maroons1885/Moves to the National League.
After 1885, the National League and American Association World Series continued.Just because the first series of the previous year was three games, it wasn't that it was fixed in the three-game series since then, and the number of games varied from year to year. 1 is the National League White Stockings and the American Association of St. Louis Browns (nowSt. Louis Cardinals), But it wasn't settled with 7 wins, 3 losses and 3 draw.The one with the most games1887/And in the national leagueDetroit UrbanesAnd the American Association of Independent Professionals played 15 games, with Wolverins defeating Browns with 10-5.From this year on, the winning teamGorhamThe Dhobley Cup trophy, designed and manufactured by the actress, is now being awarded by the actress.The trophy was given to the team that won the championship three times, and until then it was supposed to be returned from the winning team of the previous year and passed on to the next winning team. In the 3 series, Wolverines, who was barely able to participate due to injuryDan Bros.Came out on the field before the match and showed the trophy on the home plate..
The players whose salaries were kept low by the systems of both leagues1890/As the fourth "Major League"Players LeagueWas launched.The new league succeeded in pulling out many star players, and although it exceeded the National League in mobilizing spectators, it failed in management due to competition for customers between leagues, and the season ended only in this one year. Ta..The World Series of the year was the National League Brooklyn Dodgers (nowLos Angeles Dodgers) And the American AssociationLouisville KernelsIn the match, it was a draw of 7 wins, 3 losses and 3 draw in 1 games.Players' League victoryBoston redsDid not participate, and the next day after the league disappeared1891/Joins the American Association.However, the American Association was also hit hard by the competition with the Players' League in the previous year and the competition for players with the National League caused by the disappearance of the league...The winning teams of the season are the National League's Boston Bean Eaters (now Atlanta Braves) and the American Association's Reds from the Players' League.MassachusettsDuffel BagIt was a baseball team based in.However, the World Series was not held, and after the season ended, the American Association ended its 10-year history in the form of being absorbed by the National League.
As a result, the 19th-century World Series ended in 1890, when no winner was decided.1892/, The only "major league" in the National League2 season systemAfter introducing, Bean Eaters who won the first half and the winner of the second halfCleveland SpidersThe Bean Eaters won the annual championship match against..And the Bean Eaters were back in a one-season system1893/He also won the season and achieved the third consecutive title in the National League since 1891.This allowed the Bean Eaters to hold the Dhobley Cup permanently. November 3, 1893, Bean EaterspitcherIsKentuckyNewportAfter exhibiting the trophy at, the trophy disappeared from public and disappeared..
1894/From the National League, a new postseasonTemple cup(Temple Cup) was introduced.The regular season winning team and the 2nd place team will compete in a series of 7 races and 4 wins.Pittsburgh PiratesThe trophy donated by the owner to the league will be awarded to the winning team.However, the National League champion is the team that won the regular season, and even if the 2nd place team wins the Temple Cup, it will not be the league champion...After all, this series couldn't attract fans,1897/Ended with the series.. It was the one who won both the regular season and the Temple Cup in four years1896/ OfBaltimore Orioles(Current team of the same nameFor the remaining three years, the second-placed team won the Temple Cup.1898/-1899/After doing only the regular season for the two seasons,1900/As an attempt similar to the Temple CupPennsylvaniaPittsburghAccording to the local newspaper "Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph"Chronicle-Telegraph Cup(Chronicle-Telegraph Cup) was held, but this is also only once a year and has not taken root.
Creation of the World Series
There were four "major leagues" in the 19th century,The United States of AmericaIn addition to that, professional baseball leagues were run in various places.In one of themMidwestWas deployed inWestern leagueBut the name of the leagueAmerican leagueAfter changing to1901/Announced that it will be a "major league" from this season.The new league is a city where 8 of the 3 member teams are based in the National League teams (MassachusettsDuffel Bag,IllinoisChicago,PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia), The city where there used to be a National League team with three more teams (MarylandBaltimore,OhioCleveland,Washington DC), Each. Also,1892/Was the only "Major League" fromNational leagueTakes advantage of its monopoly position to keep player rewards low, so the American League pulls out more players from the National League by adopting a policy of not capping rewards..At this time, some of the players who transferred from the National League to the American LeagueSai Young,Nap Lajoy,John McGrawEtc. laterA player who is inducted into the Hall of FameWas also included.
1891/In the 10 season, when two "major leagues" lined up side by side for the first time in 2 years, the National League surpassed the American League in spectator mobilization.However1902/Then, the American League, which is in its second year, will reverse the National League by mobilizing spectators.After the first season of the American League, one new team is already based in the National League team.MissouriSt. LouisWas relocated to. In 1902, American League teams attracted more spectators than National League teams in all four cities where both leagues had teams...Fans chose the higher level American League..In response, the National League will change course from competition to cooperation.1903/In January, the National League and the American League sign an agreement.Under this agreement, both leagues will recognize each other as "Major Leagues" and a national commission will be set up consisting of one selected from the team representatives of all teams and the presidents of both leagues...However, at this time, with the 1883 National LeagueAmerican associationUnlike the agreement signed by the two leagues, the championship series between the winning teams of both leagues has not been decided.
1903, in the National LeaguePittsburgh PiratesBut in the American League, the Boston Americans (nowBoston Red Sox) Will each win the league.The owners of both teams met in September, when the season was nearing the end, and agreed to hold a series of 9 races and 9 wins after the end of the regular season...It's not done under the National Commission, it's done independently by Pirates and the Americans, but the championship series between the two "Major League" winning teams1890/It will be held since then.This is said to be the first in a World Series that continues to date. Home of the Americans on October 1stHuntington Avenue GroundsSo, the Americans starting pitcher Young threw the first ball and the series started, and Pirates won 1-7...In the series, Pirates, who made the first round, had an advantage with 4 wins and 3 loss until the 1th round, but the Americans won 5 consecutive wins from the 8th to the 4th round and reversed, and the Americans with 5 wins and 3 losses were the first. Became the champion.
1904/In the season, the National League is the New York Giants (currentlySan Francisco Giants) Wins, and the Americans win the American League for the second time in a row.But this year there was no World Series.It was because the Giants refused to play against the Americans because the previous year's series was not held under the National Commission.The Giants team owner said, "The National League winning team isMinor leagueYou have to fight for the championship in honor, isn't it written anywhere in the League Laws of the Game? "..National Commission1905/Officially stipulated the implementation of the World Series from.. The Giants, who won the 1905 National League as they did the previous year, followed this rule in the World Series of the same year and won the American League champion Philadelphia Athletics (nowAuckland Athletics) With 4 wins and 1 loss to win the title.
Results / results
All 1903 teams that have participated in the league since the World Series was founded in 16 have won multiple times.The earliest to win the second victory1907/-1908/Won the series in a rowChicago CubsIs.However, from the following year2016/It was more than 3 years away from the victory until he won the championship for the third time. The slowest second victory was2008/Won the second victoryPhiladelphia PhilliesIs.Phillies also won the World Series for the first time1980/The slowest of the 16 teams1969/The expansion team Mets, who won the championship for the first time, is also ahead.Brooklyn Robins (nowLos Angeles Dodgers) Has been eliminated for seven consecutive series since his first appearance, and won his first victory in his eighth appearance.
on the other hand,1961/LaterExpansionOf the 14 teams founded by, the one who has won multiple timesNew York Mets,Toronto Blue Jays,Miami MarlinsとKansas City RoyalsThere are only 4 teams.Of these, the Mets, Blue Jays, and Marlins teams have won their second World Series victory earlier than the Phillies.Texas Rangers,Milwaukee Brewers,San Diego Padres,Seattle Mariners,Colorado Rockies,Tampa Bay Rays6 teams have no experience of winning, Rockies haven't won the World Series yet, haven't even played in the Mariners[† 3]..Blue Jays, Marlins,Arizona Diamondbacks,Los Angeles Angels[† 4],Washington Nationals5 teams have not been eliminated in the World Series[† 5]..The Blue Jays are the only expansion team to win the World Series in a row[† 6]..The competition between expansion teams has never been done2015/-2019/There are two cases.
Houston AstrosIs the only 30 team to participate in the World Series from both the National and American leagues.AlsoMilwaukee BrewersHas participated once when he belonged to the American League, but both teams have changed their leagues without winning the league that they belonged to at the time of their founding, so both leagues are currently organized. No team will win the World Series.
Successive series results
|E||A team created by expansion since 1961|
Results by team
|Teams with experience in both leagues|
|E||A team created by expansion since 1961|
- ^ NFL(American Football)ofSuper bowlIs a toySuper ballとBowl gameIs said to have been applied.NBA(basketball)offinalMeans the final match.NHL(Ice hockey)ofStanley cupDonated a cupGovernor General of CanadaThe 16thEarl of DerbyFrederick StanleyDerived from.
- ^ The brand value of a sporting event is calculated by dividing the total revenue generated by the event, such as sponsorship revenue and admission fees, by the number of days held.
- ^ The other 29 teams have all played since 1977, when the Mariners were founded, so it's also the Mariners who are farthest from the World Series in MLB.
- ^ The name of the team at the time of the championship was Anaheim Angels.
- ^ As of 2019, all teams that have not won and have not been eliminated are teams that have participated in the World Series less than twice.
- ^ 1992/-1993/Won the World Series in a row.This is also the first time that a team based outside the United States and an expansion team have participated in the World Series in a row.
- ^ Masayuki Tamaki "Sports dismantling new book" Asahi Shimbun〈Asahi Bunko>, 2006,ISBN-4 02-261520-6, Pages 191-195.
- ^ Masanori Otsubo "Major Baseball Business Administration" Shueisha〈Shueisha new book>, 2002,ISBN-4 08-720142-2, 9.
- ^ ESPN.com news services, "Report: MLB, Japan champs could play," ESPN.com, January 8, 2010. Retrieved November 2012, 5.
- ^ a b c "World Series Origins," Snopes.com, October 28, 2010. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ "10. World Series --Forbes Fab 40 2017," Forbes. Retrieved May 2017, 11.
- ^ Bill Gorman, "Guess The World Series TV Viewership (Poll) + Historical World Series Ratings," TVbytheNumbers, October 23, 2012. Retrieved May 2012, 12.
- ^ Associated Press, "World Series has record-low rating," ESPN.com, October 30, 2012. Retrieved May 2013, 1.
- ^ "World Series Summary," MLB.com. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ Simansky et al 2006, Pages 27-28.
- ^ Uchida 2007, 123.
- ^ Simansky et al 2006, Pages 29-30.
- ^ "Year In Review: 1876 National League," Baseball Almanac. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ Simansky et al 2006, 38.
- ^ Simansky et al 2006, 39.
- ^ Uchida 2007, Pages 173-174.
- ^ a b Simansky et al 2006, 65.
- ^ "Radbourn, Charles," Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ "World Series History," Baseball Almanac. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ Uchida 2007, 27.
- ^ John Thorn, "Baseball's Lost Chalice, Part 2," Our Game, November 4, 2011. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ a b Simansky et al 2006, 67.
- ^ "Year In Review: 1892 National League," Baseball Almanac. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ John Thorn, "Baseball's Lost Chalice, Part 3," Our Game, November 4, 2011. Retrieved May 2012, 5.
- ^ John Thorn, "Professional Baseball's First Championship," Our Game, October 29, 2011. Retrieved May 2012, 6.
- ^ Patrick A. McGuire, "100 years ago, pennant fever swept through Baltimore THAT WINNING SEASON," Baltimore sun, April 3, 1994. Retrieved June 2012, 6.
- ^ a b c Richard Peterson, "A near-perfect story of the first World Series," Chicago Tribune, June 15, 2003. Retrieved June 2012, 6.
- ^ Simansky et al 2006, Pages 67-68.
- ^ "1902 Major League Baseball Attendance & Miscellaneous," Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 2012, 6.
- ^ a b John Saccoman, "Garry Herrmann," SABR Baseball Biography Project. Retrieved May 2012, 6.
- ^ "Oct 1, 1903, Pirates at Red Sox Play by Play and Box Score," Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 2012, 6.
- ^ John Steadman, "The Last Time There Wasn't A World Series," Baltimore sun, September 18, 1994. Retrieved June 2012, 6.
- ^ The Nationals' first WS conquest, "the world's most inexperienced" is 6 teams Ma army is "the only team without participation"
- Ryuzo Uchida "Baseball Dreams: What Americans Started" Iwanami Shoten〈Iwanami Shinsho>, 2007,ISBN 978-4-00-431089-1 .
- Stefan Szymanski, Andrew Zzymanski, Translated, "A Country That Burns with Soccer: A Country That Makes Money with Baseball: The Economic History of Sports Culture"Diamond Company, 2006,ISBN-4 478-22004-2.
- World Series Timeline --ESPN(English)