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🚗 | The 3rd place in the ranking is the fastest.Ushijima Reese is 17th [Ranking result / FIA F3 Round 3 Barcelona Qualifying]


Stane, 3rd in the ranking, is the fastest.Ushijima Reese is 17th [Ranking result / FIA F3 Round 3 Barcelona Qualifying]

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Japanese-American Ushijima Reese (Van Amersfoort Racing) finished qualifying in 17nd place.

On May 5, 20 FIA F2022 Round 3 Barcelona official qualifying will open at the Catalan circuit in Spain ... → Continue reading


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Ushijima Reese (Van Amersfoort Racing)

    Japanese American

    Japanese American(Nikkei America Jin,English: Japanese Americans) IsThe United States of AmericaOf the citizens ofJapanPeople who have their origins in.In a narrow senseSecond World WarRefers to people who have previously emigrated from Japan to the United States and their descendants.


    Japanese Americans2005 OfCensusIt has 1,221,773 people, accounting for 0.4% of the total population of the United States (hereinafter referred to as the United States).The Nikkei communityCalifornia,Hawaii,New York State,State of WashingtonThe one in is big.Nearly 7000 people a year even todayJapanese Green card(Permanent residency) And immigrated to the United States. In the 2011 surveyAsian americanIn the breakdown ofChinese,Filipino,Indian,Vietnamese,KoreanNext to Nikkei, the sixth is 6%.[3].

    Japanese Americans are the first to reach the United States for the first generationIssei, The generation of their childrenSecond generation,Three generations,IV, (en: Gosei (fifth-generation Nikkei)), But words such as Issei and Nisei are also accepted in English.

    From the 19th centuryNorth Americaas well as the South AmericaStarted late as an immigrant to, and moreoverYellow raceNot inキ リ ス ト 教Nikkei immigrants who were absent were prejudiced from the beginningDiscriminationI often suffered from illness and my life was also difficult.Especially among the Nikkei who immigrated to North and South AmericaSecond World WarinsideContained in an internment campMany of them were in a position to be subject to severe ethnic discrimination for some time after the war.

    However, he sweats and works, is enthusiastic about education,442nd Regiment Combat TeamAs represented by, he fulfilled his duty as an American citizen and strived to become a good American citizen.In particular, the Issei generation did hard work and did not spend the money they earned for themselves, but for the education of their children.

    Used as the first language in the era of Issei and NiseiJapaneseHowever, as the generation progresses and localization progresses, it gradually becomes the local language.EnglishThe number of Nikkei who do not understand Japanese as a natural process is increasing.Therefore, at home or at a Japanese language supplementary school in your country of residence.Japanese language educationAlthough there are a small number of people who have received this, the people who can speak Japanese in the third and fourth generations are mainly those who have learned Japanese as a foreign language.Asian immigrants, especially those from countries where English is not included in the official language of their home country, often use their native language other than English, but among them, only English is used in more than half of the households of Japanese descent. Including households where English is the mainstream, almost three-quarters use English for conversation even at home, and the case where Japanese is used is half the rate of other non-English Asian immigrants. Is about[4].

    It should be noted that the second generation, who was born around the 1920s, had a lower education cost in Japan than that in the country of residence, or sometimes attended a Japanese school for the purpose of inheriting Japanese culture. There is a time when it became popular.Hawaii·Oahu OfWaikikiIn the neighborhood,Los Angeles OfLittle Tokyo,Japantown in San Francisco,Japantown in San JoseSuch asJapanese StreetThen, you can still see many Japanese signboards.

    However, Japanese Americans in North America have a high level of education and a relatively high social status for a long time.Korean American,Chinese americanCompared to such things, it is less likely to gather in a folk town or provide mutual aid.

    Especially in North America, Japan became the United States in World War II.Canada,MexicoIt is also related to the fact that Nikkei did not show much ethnicity and tried to assimilate into the United States in order to pledge their loyalty to their homeland.The Japanese community that was built before the war, that is, Japantown, could only be preserved in a few places on the west coast, and many of them disappeared during World War II. This is because he had to give up before being sent to the detention camp, and he had to live assimilated into the United States amid the antipathy toward Japan that remained after the war.


    The history of Japanese Americans begins with immigrants at the end of the 19th century.The first immigrantsHawaiiSettled as a worker in sugar cane and pineapple fields.Later, a large number of immigrants from Japan settled.

    However, the diligence and vitality of working at low wages, the fact that they do not lose money to the local economy (they ordered daily necessities from Japan), and the white people who were the majority of the United States.キ リ ス ト 教It was estranged because it was a yellow race with a different culture from the people.World War IDespite being an ally in California, there was a movement to eliminate Japanese immigrants by Caucasians in California and elsewhere.

    In particular, he was competing with Japanese immigrants for jobs.Irish descent,Italian descentIt is said that white people, who had many lower classes, played an active role in the movement to eliminate Japanese immigrants.

    AndSecond World WarOvercoming the tragedy of the conflict between Japan and the United States and the detention of Japanese descentNikkeiWith the economic and social success of Japan, the establishment of an alliance between Japan and the United States and the 1960s and beyond.Civil rights movement, The era of improving the status in American society, which was boosted by the strengthening of economic ties between Japan and the United States, has reached the present day.

    Edo Period

    Meiji Era

    • 1868 Dutch American,Eugene Van ReedAccording to the guide of "First year149 people (Ministry of Foreign AffairsAccording to the materials, 153 immigrants arrived in Hawaii.However, the contract itself was a three-year labor contract signed between the Tokugawa Shogunate and a British broker, and was not officially recognized by the Meiji government.
    • 1869 oldAizu DomainJohn Schnell, a weapons merchantSnell), With about 40 people including the former Aizu clan (the exact number is unknown because there is no detailed record), without permission from the Meiji government.CaliforniaMoved to Gold Hill,teasericulture"Wakamatsu colony", But failed in just two years.Schnell escaped and the Japanese who traveled were left behind, but only a few have been known in detail.
    • 1869 About 40 of the first-year employees return to Japan without waiting for the expiration of their three-year labor contract.
    • 1870Made in AmericaCensusIt is said that 55 Japanese people lived in the continental United States except Hawaii (announced in 1872, including some errors).[5].
    • 1871 January,Dainichi this empireHawaiian KingdomConcluded the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with Japan.The Meiji government is a first-year person who wishes to travel to the continental United Statespassportissue.
    • 1872 ニ ュ ー ヨ ー クOpened the Consul General of Japan in Japan.
    • 1879 Matsudaira Tadaatsu (the lastUeda DomainLordMatsudaira TadanariBrother),New JerseyAfter studying abroad inEngineerAsColoradoMoved to.
    • 1881 Of the Kingdom of Hawaii (at that time)Kalakaua KingHowever, he visited Japan for the first time as the head of state of another country.Emperor MeijiAnd agree to send new immigrants from Japan to Hawaii.
    • 1884 The Meiji government officially permits Japanese people to travel abroad.Opened Japanese Consulate in Hawaii.
    • 1885 In January, 1 Meiji government-approved first organized immigrants to Hawaii traveled as farm workers.
    • 1885 IshikawaOriginally from Kataro Shirayamadani (I'm sure I'm still here. In English, it's misrepresented as Kataro and will be passed down in later years).OhioCincinnatiInvited as a technician to Rockwood Pottery in.
    • 1890 Mass immigration to California begins.
    • 1891 Union Pacific RailroadStarted hiring Nikkei as railroad construction workers.IdahoThe first Japanese immigrants to.
    • 1893 San FranciscoThe Board of Education adopts a resolution denying Japanese-American children from enrolling in public schools (San Francisco Japanese schoolchild isolation case).Consul General of Japan at that timeChinda SutemiWithdrawn due to the efforts of.
    • 1894 The Hawaiian dynasty was virtually abolished in the previous year, and due to the establishment of the Republic of Hawaii from this year, the official immigrants themselves became invalid and abolished.In the 10 years until the abolition, the ship traveled 26 times and about 2 immigrants.After that, immigrants will be immigrated by private intermediaries.
    • 1898 Hawaii becomes a Dependent of the United States.Since then, immigration restrictions from Hawaii to the continental United States will be relaxed.
    • 1900 Cancellation of immigration to Hawaii through the mediation of private companies.Approximately 6 people have traveled in 3 years through the mediation of a trader.After that, he becomes a free immigrant.
    • 1900 The number of Japanese immigrants to the continental United States reaches 1 per year for the first time.
    • 1900s Land reclamation and settlement by Japanese immigrants begins.
    • 1901 With Californiaネ バ ダ 州Send proposals to limit Japanese immigrants to state parliaments and federal governments.
    • 1902 Kutarou Yasuko specializes in Nikkei in CaliforniaTemporary staffingEstablished "Japanese Kogyosha" (later Japan-US Kogyosha).
    • 1902 Yone Noguchi (Yone Noguchi), the first book written by a Nikkei in the United StatesYone Noguchi.Isamu Noguchi"The American Diary of a Japanese Girl" by his father) is published.
    • 1903 Seito Saibara TexasMoved to, later in the same areaRice cultivationTo succeed.
    • 1905 The Japanese and Korean Exclusion League was established in San Francisco, followed by similar organizations in other cities and states.
    • 1906 San FranciscoThe Academic Affairs Bureau forces Japanese-American children enrolled in public schools to transfer to Chinese schools.The order was withdrawn the following year.
    • 1906 The federal government amends the Naturalization Act.Ministry of Justice, Promulgated instructions to all courts to refuse Japanese naturalization applications.
    • Established "Yamato Colony" in Livingston, California in 1906.
    • 1907 Hawaii, due to a presidential directive that came into force in FebruaryMexico,CanadaEmigration of Japanese Americans to the continental United States is prohibited.
    • 1907 Established Japan Society in New York.Toyohiko Takami establishes the String Education Japanese Mutual Aid Association.
    • 1908 Due to the exchange of letters between the Japanese and US governments seven times from the previous year, Japanese immigration restrictions started based on the gentlemen's agreement.
    • 1908 Established the Japanese Association of America in California.
    • 1908 A woman (so-called) who marries a Japanese-American man in the United States with a photo-only matchmakingPhoto bride) Will begin to travel.

    Taisho era

    • 1911 ArizonaForeigners who do not have nationality (= 1st generation) are prohibited from owning land and leasing land for more than a certain number of years.
    • 1913 In California, the same law as in Arizona (Land Law for Foreigners 1913) came into effect. The purchase of land of Issei and the lease of land for more than a certain number of years are prohibited.At the same time, Arizona is banned from leasing any land by Issei for any time.Then expanded to other states.
    • 1920February The Japanese government bans the issuance of passports for "picture brides."
    • 1921 Federal Parliament enforces The Quota Immigration Act.
    • 1923 State of WashingtonTherefore, the Amendment to the Land Law for Foreigners prohibits the land ownership of minors of Japanese descent with American nationality, and cuts off the means of making a minor II a landowner.
    • 1924 A letter from Ambassador to the United States Masanao Hanihara tilted the federal parliament to Japan, and the US Immigration Act of May 5 (Japanese Immigration Law) With the establishment, officially after July 7st, in effect6/24, Japanese immigrants are totally banned after the immigrants who arrived at the port of San Francisco on the immigrant ship "Siberia Maru".

    Showa period

    • 19432/1 By President Roosevelt442nd Regiment Combat TeamIs organized.
    • 19432/10 The Application for Leave Clearance will be distributed to Nikkei in the camp.The so-called "loyalty registration" described in questions 27 and 28 is controversial.
    • 1943 The 100th Infantry Battalion is launched on the European front (Italy,FranceIn a battle,Battle of Monte CassinoIt was praised for the fierce fighting in various places).
    • 1944 The 100th Infantry Battalion is integrated into the 442nd Regimental Combat Team organized by Japanese-American volunteers.
    • 1945 The 442nd Regiment received 18143 martial arts and 9476 honorary wounds.U.S. ForcesHonor the unit that has been awarded the most medals in history.At the same time, it recorded a cumulative war casualty rate of 314%, and will be remembered as the most damaged unit among the US military units.
    • 1946 The "GI Fiancee Law" was enacted to allow Japanese women engaged to US soldiers stationed in Japan as occupation forces to travel to the United States.
    • 1947 NBA(BAA at the time) As the first non-white basketball playerWataru "Wat's" Misaka New York KnicksJoin the group.
    • 1952 Amended Immigration Act (which is the de facto abolition of the Immigration Act of Japan)McCallan Walter Immigration Naturalization Act) Passed.The first generation born in Japan will be the first to acquire American citizenship.
    • 1956 California's Foreign Land Act is abolished.
    • 1959 Elected at the same time Hawaii was promoted to the stateDaniel InouyeBecomes the first member of the Asian House of Representatives.
    • 1962 Minoru Yamasaki World Trade CenterOf the buildingDesignerTo be selected.
    • 1963 Daniel Inouye becomes the first Japanese Senator.
    • 1965 Pattuy MinkWas elected to the House of Representatives in Hawaii and became the first member of the House of Representatives of Asian and colored races.
    • 1966 The Washington State Foreign Land Act, which was left to the end in the country, will be abolished.
    • 1967 New immigration law passed.Discriminatory provisions against oriental immigrants, including Japanese, will be abolished.
    • 1969 San FranciscoJapantown"" will open at.
    • 1970 George AriyoshiIs the 4th Deputy HawaiiGovernorBecame the Lieutenant Governor of the State for the first time as a Nikkei.
    • 1973 Norman Mineta CaliforniaSan JoseHe was elected mayor and became the first Asian-American to become the mayor of a major city.
    • 1974 George Ariyoshi became the third governor of Hawaii and became the first Japanese governor, serving as governor for three terms and twelve years (3 years and two months including the period of acting as deputy governor).
    • 1978 Ellison OnizukaIs selected as the first Japanese-American astronaut.1986,space shuttleChallenger explosionLine of Duty Death.
    • 1980 For the first time in Congress, an investigative commission on the internment of Japanese Americans during the war(English editionIs installed.
    • 1983 The investigative commission has concluded that wartime containment of Nikkei was not confidentially necessary.
    • 1988 Ronald ReaganThe president said(English edition”, and decided to apologize for the fact that Japanese Americans were incarcerated based on racial discrimination and provide compensation of 2 dollars per person.

    Since Heisei era

    Prominent Japanese American

    Below, the order of the clauses is not the same, and the last name (last name) in each clause is in the order of the Japanese syllabary.

    note that:

    1. When the field of activity is diverse, it is classified into the most prominent one.
    2. If both parents are of Japanese descent and have different generations, the paternal generation is listed.
    3. Born in the United States, he automatically has U.S. citizenship, and he chose U.S. nationality when choosing between Japanese and U.S. citizens before he was 22 years old, but he has a living base in Japan.Returning studentsI omitted this.
    4. On the contrary, about those who did not (or could not) obtain US citizenship after moving to the United States, but who gained permanent residence and set their living base in the United States and spent most of their lives as "de facto Americans". Included this as an exception.


    • George Ariyoshi - Second generation.Japanese name: Ryoichi Ariyoshi.HawaiiGovernor (1974-86).Democratic Party
    • Daniel Inouye - Second generation.Japanese name: Ken Inoue.Hawaii State Election SourceSenator.. ExCongressman..He is the first Asian to be elected to the House of Representatives.Democratic Party. He died in Maryland in 2012. In August 2013, he presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
    • Pat Saiki --Elected as the first member of the House of Representatives to be a Japanese-American female Republican in Hawaii.Republican
    • Samuel I. Hayakawa - Second generation.Japanese name: Ichie Hayakawa.Born in Canada.FormerSan Francisco State UniversityPresident.FormerCaliforniaElected Senator.General semanticsAdvocate of.Republican Party.
    • Mazzy Hirono ――Issei.She has a Japanese name: Keiko Hirono.Fukushimabirth.Member of the House of Representatives from Hawaii.Former Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii.Democratic Party.
    • Doris Matsui(en: Doris Matsui) - Second generation.Japanese name: Kazue Matsui.Congressman.Democratic Party.Inheriting her husband's seat after the death of her husband Robert (discussed below).
    • Bob Matsui(en: Bob Matsui) - Second generation.Japanese name: Takeo Matsui.Former member of the House of Representatives.Democratic Party.
    • (en: Stan Matsunaka) --Third generation.Colorado Senator.Democratic Party.
    • Spark Matsunaga - Second generation.Japanese name: Masayuki Matsunaga.Former Hawaii Senator.Democratic Party.
    • Norman Mineta - Second generation.Japanese name: Yoshio Mineda.FormerSan JoseMayor.Former California member of the House of Representatives.He is the first Asian minister to be elected. 2000-2001Bill ClintonSecretary of Commerce in the administration. 2001-2006George W. Bush(Republican) Secretary of Transportation in the administration.Democratic Party. In 2001, San Jose International Airport honored Mineta with the official airport name "Norman Y Mineta San Jose International AirportIt was renamed.
    • Pattuy Mink --Third generation.Japanese name: Takemoto Matsu.Assistant Secretary of State for Maritime Reenvironment (1977-1978).She is the first non-white woman to be a member of the House of Representatives.She is instrumental in enacting a bill to eliminate gender discrimination in educational settings.She is Hawaii's first female lawyer.She is a Democrat.
    • Pete Mikami Laus --Third generation.IncumbentUnited States Presidential Chief of Staff.
    • Robert Yamate --Japanese name: Toru Yamate.FormerEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu-(I.e.Ambassador to the United States.

    Legal profession



    宇宙 飛行 士

    Medical science

    • ――Issei.Japanese name: Toyohiko Takami (same reading).Born in Kumamoto prefecture. He went to the United States alone at the age of 15.While he is having a hard timeCornell UniversityGraduated from the medical school with the second grade and obtained a doctor of medical science and doctor's license.afterニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク-BrooklynBecame the first Japanese practitioner in the United States.He took the initiative to see poor patients for free and gained tremendous trust from the common people, and the name "Dr. Takami" became known as "local notables".In his later years, he also devoted himself to social service for his compatriots, including the establishment of the Japanese Mutual Aid Association (now :), the purchase of graveyards for the poor and unaffiliated Japanese, and the organization of Japanese credit unions.
    • Thomas Noguchi ――Issei.Japanese name: Tsunetomi Noguchi. He moved to the United States in 1952 and has been working at the Los Angeles County Autopsy Department since 1961. He was the director from 1967 to 1982.Marilyn Monroe,Robert KennedyIt is known that they performed an autopsy of a celebrity.After his retirementUniversity of Southern CaliforniaServed as a professor at the Faculty of Medicine.
    • Keiji Fukuda ――Issei.Japanese name: Keiji Fukuda (same reading).WHODeputy Secretary General (Deputy Secretary GeneralGenevaResident).2009 new influenzaIn charge of the problem.FormerCDCinfluenzaBureauEpidemiologyDirector.
    • Tachi Yamada ――Issei.American name: Tarch Yamada.Born in Tokyo, his father is Japanese and his mother is Nisei (the eldest daughter of Dr. Takami). She went to the United States alone at the age of 15.New York UniversityGraduated from the medical school at the top and obtained a doctor of medical science and doctor's license.From Bethesda Naval HospitalUniversity of California, Los AngelesThroughUniversity of MichiganDean of the Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Gastroenterology.After this he turned into the pharmaceutical industryGlaxoSmithKlineBecame chairman of the research and development department. Since 2006Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationWorld Hygiene Director. In September 2007, he was recognized for his efforts to improve the investment climate for new drug research and development in the United Kingdom.Elizabeth IIFrom the queenOrder of the British EmpireBestowedナ イ トInvestiture.



    • George Shima ――Issei.Agricultural manager.He succeeded in mass-growing potatoes, producing more than 5% of the potatoes in California and 1% of the whole United States at one time. Called "George Shima" and "Potato King," he was the first president of the Japanese Association in the United States and had a biography before World War II.修身It was published in the textbook of.
    • Hiroaki Aoki ――Issei.Known as: Rocky Aoki.restaurant·safflowerThe owner ofAdventurer.
    • (en: Kyutaro Abiko) --Leader of early Japanese immigrants to California. Established "Yamato Colony".
    • Robert Kiyosaki --Yonsei.Japanese name: Toru Kiyosaki.Investor / writer. "Rich and poor fathers (Rich Dad, Poor Dad ) ”Written.
    • Keizaburo Kokufuda ――Issei.Farmer.He created the representative California rice "National Treasure Rose" and was called "Rice King".
    • - Second generation.MacadamiaInvented a product wrapped in chocolate,Hawaiian Host Founded.
    • Hikozo Hamada ――Issei.Baptismal name: Joseph Heco.Japan's first English newspaper publisher.
    • Glen S. Fukushima --Third generation.AirbusPresident and CEO.Former Director of Japan, US Trade Representative.
    • (en: Tomio Moriguchi) --Third generation.Japanese name: Tomio Moriguchi.UwajimayaThe owner of.
    • (en: Fujimatsu Moriguchi) --Issei.Founder of Uwajimaya.
    • - Second generation.Founder of "Gary Yamamoto", a famous fishing tackle maker in Japan.
    • Junki Yoshida -(Korean second generation in Japan).He produces and sells Yoshida sauce (Yoshida gourmet sauce) and becomes an embodiment of the American dream.Among the 2 companies in the United States selected by the Small Business Administration (SBA) in the United States, FedEx, Intel, AOL, HP, etc. were "inducted into the Hall of Fame", and in 24 Newsweek magazine (Japan version) " Selected as one of the 2005 Most Respected Japanese in the World[12].
    • Fred Isamu Wada - Second generation.Japanese name: Isami Wada (same reading).He runs a supermarket in Los Angeles.1964 Tokyo OlympicsAn important person in the bid activity.

    建築 家



    • Yoko Ono ――Issei.Her real name is Yoko Ono Lennon, and her old name is Yoko Ono.Avant-garde artist.ジ ョ ン · レ ノ ンwidow.
    • Ryu Goto ――Issei.American name: Ryu Brian Goto.Violinist.Midori GotoBrother of.
    • Harry K. Shigeta ――Issei.photographer
    • Shindo L - Second generation.Adult cartoonist.
    • Iwao Takamoto - Second generation.Japanese name: Takeo Takamoto (same reading).animator.. 『Weakling Krupper (Scooby Doo)] Made a name for himself in the character design of the series.
    • George Nakashima - Second generation.Japanese name: Katsutoshi Nakashima. One of the leading furniture designers of the 20th century.Father of the American Craft Movement. → works
    • Isamu Noguchi ――Issei.Japanese name: Isamu Noguchi (same reading).Sculptor and painter.He has made significant achievements in modern American art history.
    • Miyatake Toyo ――Issei.A photographer who continued to take pictures at the wartime Nikkei camp.
    • Miné Okubo —— Painter and illustrator. The 1946 art book "Citizen No. 13660" was the first publication on a Nikkei camp.

    Writer (novelist, poet, playwright)


    An actor


    • Devon aoki - Second generation.Top model active in Paris Fashion Week.Hiroaki AokiDaughter of.
    • Jenny Shimizu --Third generation.A top model whose relationship with famous actresses is always talked about.
    • SHELLY --A talent who is active in Japan.His father is Sicilian-American.

    Broadcast / coverage

    ミ ュ ー ジ シ ャ ン


    Figure skating

    • Kyoko Ina ――Issei.pair..National: Gold, World Championship: Bronze.
    • Reina Inoue ――Issei.pair.Nationwide: Gold.Before acquiring American citizenship, he was also making money in Japan.
    • Maia Shibutani --Third generation (father is Nisei, mother is Issei).Ice dance..National: Gold, Olympics: Copper (both by group and event), World Championships: Silver.She is Alex's sister.
    • Alex Shibutani --Same as above.Maia's brother.
    • Mirai Nagasu - Second generation.GirlsSingle..Nationwide: Gold.Olympics: Bronze (group)
    • Christie Yamaguchi --Yonsei.Women's single.National: Gold, Olympics: Gold, World Championships: Gold.




    Works on Japanese Americans

    • John Okada"No no boy』――By John Okada.It depicts the anguish of a Japanese-American man during World War II.
    • / "Farewell to Manzanar- By Jeanne Huston, James Huston.A memoir about Jeanne and her family's experiences before, during, and after being transferred to the Manzanar Internment Camp during the internment of Japanese Americans by the United States during World War II.
    • Toyoko Yamazaki"Two motherland(1983) --by Toyoko Yamazaki.A novel about the tragedy and anguish of Japanese Americans during World War II.
    • Robert Hongo "Pineapple Corps"-written by Robert Hongo.The story of Nikkei who visit their roots and Japan during the Korean War.
    • Yuichi Maho"The Triumph without Glory" (2006) --by Yuichi Shinpo.
    • Adrian Tomine"Short Cummings(2007)-By Adrian Tomine.
    • Julie Otsuka"(English: The Buddha in the Attic(2009) --The final candidate for the National Book Award, which depicts the history of the entire Nikkei through the hardships of "picture brides" by Nisei writer Julie Otsuka.
    TV drama
    • 地平線(1984) - Kento ShindoIs a Japanese movie that was originally written, directed, and written by.It depicts Japanese Americans who survived the land of the United States.
    • The journey of love and sorrow(1990) --American movie.A love story about a tragic love between an American man and a Japanese woman during World War II
    • Snow falling on Himalayan cedar(1999) --American movie. Draws a Nikkei trial in the 1950s.
    • Picture bride(1994) --American film depicting the harsh life of Hawaiian Japanese-Americans, the first and second generations, through a woman who traveled to the United States as a picture bride from Japan.
    • Mirikitani's cat(2006) - Jimmy Tustom MirikitaniA documentary film about the half-life of
    • Allegiance (musical)(2012)-StarringGeorge TakeiAn American musical that depicts the forced detention of Japanese Americans during World War II, inspired by the actual experience of.


    1. ^ US Census Bureau, Japanese alone or in combination in 2007, http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/IPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-geo_id=NBSP&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201PR&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201T&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201TPR&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-reg=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201:041;ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201PR:041;ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201T:041;ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S0201TPR:041&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false&-format= April 2008, 10Browse. 
    2. ^ Every Culture --Japanese
    3. ^ "Is" Asian "a model immigrant of the United States?There is also the risk of friction. ". Sankei Shimbun(July 2012, 7). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/120703/amr12070310190001-n1.htm April 2013, 3Browse. 
    4. ^ "The American Community Asians: 2004 American Community Survey Reports (pdf) ”(English). Census.gov. April 2015, 4Browse.
    5. ^ a b * Miya Suga (Shichinohe) "55 "Japanese"-Approaching the 1870 US Population Census Population Schedule"Bulletin of Tokyo Gakugei University. Humanities and Social Sciences. II" Volume 60, Bulletin of Tokyo Gakugei University Publishing Committee, January 2009, pp. 1-137, hdl:2309/96156, ISSN 18804322, NOT 110007030894.
    6. ^ "Biden accuses Asian target hate crimes "not like the United States"”. AFP (July 2021, 3). April 2021, 3Browse.
    7. ^ "Japanese pianist assaulted in NY and seriously injured, recovering from surgery”. CNN (July 2020, 10). April 2021, 3Browse.
    8. ^ "Damage caused by arson in Japanese temples Suspected rice hate crime”. FNN Prime (December 2021, 2). April 2021, 3Browse.
    9. ^ "Asian / Pacific American Heritage Month: Searching for a “Hidden Figure”". The JFK Library Archives (September 2020, 5). April 2020, 11Browse.
    10. ^ "Major General James H. Mukoyama Oral History Interview”. Pritzker Military Museum & Library (January 2012, 1). As of September 1, 2019originalMore archives.April 2022, 4Browse.
    11. ^ LAPD Organization Chart
    12. ^ [1]
    13. ^ "A-Profiler Interview, Grant Imahara,”. AArisings (US) (March 2007, 3). As of March 13, 2008originalMore archives.April 2021, 3Browse.

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    West inland-SouthwestRegion

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    外部 リンク


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