“Chubu Local Line Trip”…From Toyama Station to Iwase, which prospered as a port of call for Kitamae-bune by tram “Portram”
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Many earthen storehouses and shipping wholesalers built in the Meiji period still remain, making it a popular tourist spot for its nostalgic old townscape.
"Chubu Local Line Travel" starts from Toyama.Toyama is known as the railway kingdom, with streetcars and trolley trains.Hokuriku Shinkansen… → Continue reading
"Toyama TV Broadcasting" (Fuji TV affiliate) news account. We will send you the latest news from Toyama Prefecture.
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Ship wholesaler(Fudoiya / Fudonya) isShip wholesaler(Kaisendoiya/Kaisendoya)・Shipping wholesaler(Kaisodoiya/Kaisodonya)・KaisotenAlso called kaisouten, from the Edo period to the Meiji period,River bank,HarborInCruise shipWe carried out various operations for merchant ships such asWholesalerAbout.However, in a broad senseFunajuku(Funayado) also "Ship wholesaler” may be included.
In connection with the sale and purchase of cargo, it played the role of a shipping agency and handling agent, collecting cargo for the ship owner and contracting with the ship owner to transport the cargo.In addition, there were cases in which a contract was made with a cargo ship (passenger ship) from another region, and the cargo was unloaded and unloaded from the ship to receive a commission.Ship wholesalers not only deal with the collection and sale of cargo, but also the fields they handle, such as cargo storage and management, mediation and intermediation of trading partners, collection and provision of market information, collection of taxes related to ships, and sales of ship equipment and various consumables. was wide-ranging.In addition, a ship wholesaler does not necessarily own a ship, but may attach a ship (ShipownerThere are also those who specialize in building cargo ships by chartering and renting ships from the sea, and these wholesalers are called tsukesendonya and shikendonya.It was after the first half of the Edo period, when the nationwide product distribution network was developed, that the shippers who handled the goods, the shipowners who transported them, and the ship wholesalers who acted as intermediaries began to differentiate.
Meijigradually when it becomesTrainWill the main axis of freight transportation shift to land routes and traditional ship wholesalers will go out of business?Shipping businessconverted toSohei Mura (Mizuki Shigerugreat-grandfather) in the late Edo periodSakaiminatostarted a ship wholesaler incottonThe business was thriving, developing maritime-related businesses such as a wholesaler of used cotton goods and a freight forwarding office, but in the Meiji era, railroads took over their jobs. It is said that he was unable to stand up.
ShowaOr later,Sanriku regionIn , there is a business called Kaisen wholesaler, which takes care of fishing boats from other prefectures coming to fish in the fishing grounds off the coast of Sanriku.In addition to supplying food, fuel, and ice for fishing boats that visit fishing ports,Otsunakaservices, food and lodging for seafarers who landed, and ship-related insurance services.Today, it remains only in the Sanriku region.Formally,ShipownerIt is called agency business, Some traders traditionally call themselves ``shipping wholesaler business''.
Funajuku(Funayado) is a lodging facility where the crew (boatman/water owner) of a cargo ship (passenger ship) can stay overnight or provide food and drink.Handle houseboats and fishing boatsFunayan(Funayado) is different.However, it was sometimes used to refer only to lodging facilities for high-ranking sailors such as boatmen, and to distinguish lodging facilities for water owners by calling them tsukesen.
Originally, the landing and lodging of sailors were regulated, but due to unloading of luggage and weather problems, the landing, rest and lodging of sailors came to be conducted as a matter of course, and boat inns were formed.Later, we also provided various materials such as food, fuel, and ship equipment, introduced crew members to fill vacancies on ships, provided weather information and loan funds, etc.Iimori prostitutewas sometimes placed.In addition, intermediary services between local wholesalers and cargo ships (passenger ships), processing, sales, and mediation of marine products, and in the event of a sea accident, appearing at the government office together with the boatman and crew.Spokespersonplayed the role of
Although there were differences in scale between the shipping wholesalers and the boathouses, they had many things in common, and it was not uncommon for both to operate concurrently.In addition, although both of them had signed a passenger ship contract in advance with the cargo ship side, there were cases where it developed into a passenger dispute with the same trader at the same port.For this reason, we created a passenger ship book that clarifies the rights.
- Manabu Yunoki "Ship Wholesaler"/"Funayado"National History Dictionary11'' (Yoshikawa Hirofumikan 1990） ISBN 978-4-642-00511-1
- Manabu Yunoki "Kairsen Tonya" "2" (平凡 社 1993） ISBN 978-4-582-13102-4
- Manabu Yunoki and Tetsuo Tamai "Funayado 1" "Japanese History Encyclopedia 5" (Heibonsha 1993) ISBN 978-4-582-13105-5
- Yoshiyuki Saito "Ship Wholesaler" / Kazuyoshi Igawa "Funayado" "Japanese History Encyclopedia 3'' (Shogakukan 2001） ISBN 978-4-09-523003-0
- ^ Shigesato Itoi, Hobo Nikkan Itoi Shimbun "Let's do what we can.What we thought after the earthquake" Shinchosha 2011 p.110-131
- ^ Shipping wholesale business - Companies in Kesennuma City
- Bird's-eye view of a rowing company's house in Ibaraki Prefecture 12Great Japan Exposition Map December 25 Published by Tokyo Seikosha