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🧳 | E200 series which became 2 series color, regular operation debut from June 6th "Yamabiko No. 9"


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E200 series which became 2 series color, regular operation debut from June 6 is "Yamabiko No. 9"

 
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The in-car guidance melody called "Furusato Chime" that was used until 1991 will be revived and will be operated as a regular train or event train on the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen.
 

JR East will start regular E200 series with special paint that reproduces the 2 series that once ran on the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen from June 6th ... → Continue reading

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    In-car guidance melody

    Joetsu Shinkansen

    Camera-photo Upload.svgImage request: An aerial photograph of the Joetsu Shinkansen running in the Echigo PlainImage providedplease.(April 2021

    Joetsu Shinkansen(Joetsu Shinkansen) isOmiya StationからNiigata StationTie upEast Japan Railway(JR East)High speed trainLine (Shinkansen) And its train.Almost all trainsTohoku ShinkansenGet intoTokyo StationIn the passenger information, the section between Tokyo Station on the Shinkansen, including the section between Omiya Station and the section between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station, is referred to as the "Joetsu Shinkansen".

    In this section, Niigata Prefecture, which is historically closely related to the Joetsu Shinkansen.Joetsu region,Hokuriku three prefectures(Toyama-石川-Fukui)WhenCapital AreaI will also touch on the traffic with.

    Overview

    The Joetsu Shinkansen was in 1971 (Showa46 years)National Shinkansen Railway Maintenance LawAccording to the provisions of Article 4, Paragraph 1, "Basic plan that defines the route of the Shinkansen railway to start constructionIt is one of the three routes announced by.The maintenance plan was decided and construction started in April of the same year.Japan Railway Construction CorporationBuilt by1982ToOmiya Station - Niigata StationOpened[1]..It was operated by the Japanese National Railways (JNR),Privatization of the national railway divisionLater, the Joetsu ShinkansenEast Japan RailwayOperated by (JR East)[1].

    Between Tokyo Station and Omiya Station is on the lineTohoku ShinkansenHowever, there are no trains that arrive and depart from Omiya Station, and almost all trains depart and arrive at Tokyo Station (some trains are Ueno Station), and the section between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station is the "Joetsu Shinkansen". Will be guided.Omiya Station- Takasaki StationIn betweenHokuriku ShinkansenDirect trains are also operated, but because it operates independently of this line, it is also announced as the "Hokuriku Shinkansen" between Omiya Station and Takasaki Station.

    GunmaNiigataSection across the prefectural border (Takasaki Station- Nagaoka StationBetween)Japanese archipelago OfCentral divideIsMikuni MountainsBecause it crosses, many sectionstunnelIs. Also,Heavy snowfallMainly in Niigata prefecturesprinklerbyMelting snowIn addition to being equipped with facilities, at stations in Niigata Prefectureline-platformThe whole is covered with a roof, etc.Snow damageMeasures have been taken.As a result, there are few operational obstacles due to snow.Plains (Kanto Plain-Echigo Plain), MostlyElevatedRun on.

    TraditionalTokaido/Sanyo ShinkansenWhat is different from the Tohoku Shinkansen is "HonshuThe point is that it is a "Shinkansen" that crosses Honshu.The Pacific OceanSide andSea of ​​JapanIt is the first Shinkansen that connects the sides,Capital AreaFrom the directionSea of ​​Japan sideEach city (specifically)Echigoyuzawa StationNiigata Prefecture by connecting at Nagaoka StationJoetsu regionandToyama-KanazawaThe direction is Niigata Prefecture by connecting at Niigata StationShimoetsu districtandShonai region, Yamagata prefecture-Akita(Directions) were connected in a shorter time than before (after that, most of the transportation to the Joetsu region and Toyama / Ishikawa prefecture was transferred to the Hokuriku Shinkansen, which opened in 2015).

    "JoetsuThe name is of a parallel conventional lineJoetsu Line(Takasaki Station- Miyauchi StationIt is derived fromGunma-NiigataOld in both prefecturesRegulatory countryName(JoshuEchigo).Joetsu region (western Niigata prefecture) andJoetsu CityIs not included in the route.Therefore, the Joetsu Shinkansen is the Hokuriku Shinkansen in Joetsu City.Joetsu Myoko StationDo not pass.

    Echigo Yuzawa Station- Gala Yuzawa StationBetweenGala Yuzawa Ski ResortIt is a section that is open only during the winter when is open.Only Shinkansen trains are used, but on the line registration, it is a branch line of the Joetsu line.Conventional lineIt is treated.

    The current maximum speed isE4 seriesBecause it was adjusted to 240 on all lines km / hIs.However, most of the sections are mainly straight lineslinearTherefore, it is possible to drive at 240 km / h or more, and in the 1990sLater275 km / h operation was also carried out in some sections.However, Takasaki Station- Jomokogen StationAmong"Nakayama TunnelIn the case of ", there were two major flood accidents in which the tunnel was submerged during construction, and as a result, the route was changed from the original plan to a detour route, and the line was linear with a curve with a radius of 2 m. It was decided to be subject to the speed limit of h[2]..In addition, since it is a line directly owned by JR East, when speeding upMaintenance bullet trainThere is no procedural complexity like. After the end of E2021 series operation in 4, noise control work was carried out, and thenPlan to raise the maximum speed to 275 km / hThere is[Press 1].

    Between Nagaoka Station and Niigata StationBasic plan routeInUetsu ShinkansenAlthough it is a shared section with, there has been no movement in this construction since the basic plan was decided.

    Line colorIs JR East along with the Tohoku ShinkansenCorporate colorBecame绿([Note 1].

    The Joetsu Shinkansen was at the time when JR was launched.Ministry of TransportThe basic business plan submitted toMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismSupervised "Railway handbookIs between Omiya Station and Niigata Station, but it was established during the JNR era.Track nameOn the above, it is treated as an unnamed branch line of a parallel conventional line, and Omiya station- Takasaki StationBetweenTakasaki Line, Takasaki Station- Nagaoka StationBetweenJoetsu Line, Nagaoka Station-Niigata StationShin-Etsu Main LineIt has become.

    Route data

    Main line

    Branch line (formally part of the Joetsu line)

    • Section: Echigo Yuzawa Station-Gala Yuzawa Station
    • Route distance (actual km / business km): 1.8 km (same for both km)
    • Gauge: 1435 mm
    • Number of stations: 2 (including the starting and ending stations)
    • Double track section: All lines (Single line parallel
    • Electrified section: All lines (AC 25,000V / 50Hz)
    • Security method: ATC (DS-ATC)
    • Operation Command Center: JR East Shinkansen Headquarters Shinkansen General Command Center
    • Train operation management system: Shinkansen integrated system (COSMOS)

    JR East except for station facility management and sales positionsShinkansen headquartersIs under the jurisdiction.

    Station facility management and sales operations are carried out by branch offices along the line.The jurisdiction is as follows.

    In the past, on the Shinkansen of JR East, the Shinkansen operation headquarters in the head office was in charge of the entire operation management work, whileTrack maintenanceManagement and station sales operations, etc.Current businessRegarding the institution, the local branch office is the ShinkansenConventional lineWe had adopted an organizational system that manages both of them in an integrated manner.[Note 2]With the establishment of the Shinkansen Headquarters, each branch office is now only responsible for station facility management and sales operations, as well as construction-related support on the Shinkansen.

    Station list

    The number of passengers is only for the Shinkansen in the East Japan Railway Station.[4]..Echigo Yuzawa Station-Gala Yuzawa Station belongs to the Joetsu Line of the conventional line, so it is counted as the number of personnel on the conventional line.increaseDecreaseIs an increase compared to the previous year (increase) DecreaseDecrease) Is represented.

    Joetsu Shinkansen

    Except for Omiya Station and Niigata Station, which are the starting and ending pointsPassing lineHave.There are no passing lines at Ueno Station and Tokyo Station, which are direct destinations.Platform doors are installed only at the "Transfer Home" at Niigata Station.

    Official route namestation nameFrom OmiyaTokyofromStop2021
    Boarding personnel
    (1 day average)[5]
    Connection routeAddress
    Sales
    Kilo
    Fruit
    Kilo
    [6]
    Sales
    Kilo
    Fruit
    Kilo
    Tohoku ShinkansenTokyo Station (I.e.Area30.331.30.00.0all32,080increaseTokai passenger railway : ■ Tokaido Shinkansen
    East Japan Railway : JY Yamanote Line (JY 01) ・JK Keihin Tohoku Line (JK 26) ・JC center lane (JC01)
    JT Tokaido Line (JT 01) ・JU Utsunomiya Line-Takasaki Line (JU 01) ・JJ Joban Line
    JO Yokosuka Line/Sobu Rapid Line (JO 19) ・JE Keiyo Line (JE 01)
    Tokyo subway : M Marunouchi Line (M-17) ・T 東西 線Otemachi Station (T-09)・C Chiyoda LineDouble bridge front <Marunouchi> station (C-10)[Note 3]
    Toei Subway : I Mita Line ⇒ Otemachi Station (I-09)[Note 3]
    TokyoChiyoda
    Ueno Station (I.e.Area26.727.73.63.6 6,651increaseEast Japan Railway:JY Yamanote Line (JY 05)JK Keihin Tohoku Line (JK 30)
    JU Utsunomiya Line / Takasaki Line (JU 02) /JJ Joban Line (JJ 01)
    Tokyo subway:G Ginza Line (G-16) ・H Hibiya Line (H-17)
    Keisei Electric Railway : KS Main line(Keisei Ueno Station: KS01)
    Taito
    Omiya Station0.00.030.331.3all18,915increaseEast Japan Railway:■ Tohoku Shinkansen-JK Keihin Tohoku Line (JK 47)
    JU Utsunomiya Line / Takasaki Line (JU 07) /JA Saikyo Line (JA 26)Kawagoe Line
    Tobu Railway : TD Noda Line (TD-01)
    Saitama New Urban Transportation : New Shuttle Line symbol.svg Ina Line (New Shuttle)(NS01)
    SaitamaSaitama
    Omiya W
    Joetsu Shinkansen
    Kumagaya Station34.436.664.767.9 2,659increaseEast Japan Railway:Takasaki Line
    Chichibu Railway : Chichibu Main Line
    Kumagaya
    Honjo Waseda Station55.757.786.089.0 1,398increase Honjo City
    Takasaki Station74.777.3105.0108.6 8,757increaseEast Japan Railway:■ Hokuriku Shinkansen-Takasaki LineJoetsu Line-Shin-Etsu Main Line
    Ryomo Line-Hachiko Line-Azuma Line
    Joshin Electric Railway : Joshin Line
    GunmaTakasaki
    Jomokogen Station121.3119.1151.6150.4 415increase Tone-gun
    Minakami Town
    Echigoyuzawa Station168.9151.4199.2182.7 2,067increaseEast Japan Railway:Joetsu Line (Main Line / Gala Yuzawa Branch Line)
    Hokuhoku Line(Hokuetsu ExpressDirect)
    NiigataMinamiuonuma District
    Yuzawa Town
    Urasa Station198.6181.0228.9212.3 465increaseEast Japan Railway:Joetsu LineMinamiuonuma City
    Nagaoka Station240.3213.8270.6245.1 2,606increaseEast Japan Railway:Shin-Etsu Main LineJoetsu LineNagaoka
    Tsubamesanjo Station263.5237.4293.8268.7 845increaseEast Japan Railway:Yahiko LineSanjo City
    Niigata Station303.6269.5333.9300.8all4,900increaseEast Japan Railway:Shin-Etsu Main LineUetsu Main Line-White new line-Echigo LineNiigata
    Chuo

    Branch line (Joetsu line branch line)

    • This section officially belongs to the Joetsu line of the conventional line.
    • All stationsNiigataMinamiuonuma DistrictYuzawa TownLocated inside.
    • This section and Gala Yuzawa Station are open only during the winter.
    station nameEchigo
    Yuzawa
    from
    Sales
    Kilo
    Tokyo
    from
    Sales
    Kilo
    2021
    Boarding personnel
    (1 day average)[5]
    Connection route/remarks
    Echigoyuzawa Station0.0199.22,067increaseEast Japan Railway Company: Joetsu Shinkansen / Joetsu Line (Main Line)
    Gala Yuzawa Station
    (Temporary station
    1.8201.0911increaseGala Yuzawa Ski Resort OfGondola liftAnnexed to "Cowabunga Station"

    Structure of each station

    Wiring in each station and platform format
    Wiring classification2 lines 4 lines2 sides 2 lines + passing line2 sides 3 lines + passing line2 sides 4 lines + passing line
    Campus mapStation Track layout-1.pngStation Track layout-2.pngStation Track layout-3.pngStation Track layout-6.png
    Applicable stationUeno Station-Niigata StationHonjo Waseda Station-Jomokogen Station
    Urasa Station-Nagaoka Station
    Kumagaya Station-Tsubamesanjo StationEchigoyuzawa Station

    * In addition to this, Niigata Station has one "Transfer Home", which has three sides and four lines.

    Other special premises cabling and home formats
    Wiring classification2 sides 4 lines + passing line3 lines 6 lines2 sides 4 lines (terminal station)
    Campus mapStation Track layout-Shinkansen Takasaki Station.pngStation Track layout-12.pngStation Track layout-7.png
    Applicable stationTakasaki StationOmiya StationTokyo Station

    * At Takasaki Station, the Joetsu Shinkansen up line and the Hokuriku Shinkansen up line are separate lines.

    Station name mark

    Like the Tohoku Shinkansen, the Joetsu Shinkansen has almost the same style as the conventional line when it opens.Station name markWas installed, but after the inauguration of JR East, it has been gradually replaced with the company's standard station name sign.

    The Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen each had their own station name signs (the former was in the mid-1970s and the latter was.National railwayIt does not exist because it was replaced sequentially from the end of the era), and the Joetsu Shinkansen and Tohoku Shinkansen did not adopt the station name mark of their own specifications.

    Operation form

    Driving between Tokyo Station and Niigata StationWhen”Approximately 1 to 1 trains per hour.The stations that stop are different for each train, but the standard ones stop at each station between Ueno Station, Omiya Station, Takasaki Station, and Echigo Yuzawa Station-Niigata Station.20133/16Before the timetable revision, only one round trip a day in the morning between Tokyo Station and Niigata StationNon-stop trainExisted[Press 2]..All trains stop at each station during the "Toki" section between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Nagaoka Station and Niigata Station.

    Tokyo Station-A section-operated train between Takasaki Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station"Tanigawa"All trains stop at each station except for temporary trains.

    20153/14Due to the revision of the timetable, "Max Toki 310" will stop at Omiya Station, so there are no regular trains on the Joetsu Shinkansen that pass through Omiya Station.

    Diamond pattern and stop

    current

    As of July 2021

    Going down
    TypeTokyo Station
    Departure time
    Tokyo(I.e.Omiya(I.e.Honjo WasedaTakasakiJomokogenEchigo YuzawaUrasaNagaokaTsubamesanjoNiigataEnd
    When ◇16 minutesNiigata
    When ◇40 minutesNiigata
    Tanigawa ◆Unspecified Takasaki / Echigo Yuzawa
    Going up
    TypeFirst trainNiigataTsubamesanjoNagaokaUrasaEchigo YuzawaJomokogenTakasakiHonjo Waseda(I.e.Omiya(I.e.TokyoTokyo Station
    Arrival time
    When ◇Niigata00 minutes
    When ◇Niigata28 minutes / 40 minutes
    Tanigawa ◆Echigo Yuzawa / Takasaki Unspecified
    ●: Stop ▲: Some trains pass △: Some trains stop →: Pass
    ◇: Operates either depending on the time of day ◆: Operates generally in the morning and evening
    * Regular trains and non-regular trains that are not diamond-patterned except for "Tanigawa" are not listed.

    How to assign the number

    • When
      • Between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station: Regular trains are 300-351 and non-regular trains are 350-400.
      • Between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Niigata Station: Nos. 480 and 481 (both drive daily)
      • Between Nagaoka Station and Niigata Station: No. 491 (closed on Saturdays and holidays)

    1987The fastest train that stops only at Nagaoka Station on the way between Ueno Station and Niigata Station was assigned a single-digit number (eg Asahi No. 1).Since then, one digit has been assigned to the fastest train between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station, but all of them are now unified as described above.In addition, one-digit and two-digit numbers are used for some special trains during the busy season.

    • Tanigawa
      • Between Tokyo Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station: Regular trains are number 400-417 (however, regular trains that are combined with "Toki" between Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station use the number "Toki"), special trains Is No. 70-No. 100
      • Between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station: No. 470-475 (some are closed on Saturdays and holidays)
    • Train numberIs basically the number of regular trains +C, The extra trains are 4000, 8000, 9000+ number + C.
    • In addition, when extending "Tanigawa" to Gala Yuzawa Station, it will be 4000 + number + C.
    • Of the trains running between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station, the first up train, Tanigawa 470, and the last down train, Tanigawa 477, were incorporated into the operation of the Hokuriku Shinkansen from the timetable revision in March 2021.[Note 4], Number + E.

    For a while after the opening of Gala Yuzawa Station, the "Shuttle Gala" that runs only between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Gala Yuzawa Station was in operation.The train number was assigned 92xxC. It has not been operated since around 1995, but due to the timetable revision on March 2015, 3, there was a time zone when "Tanigawa" was not operated, so in 14 and 2015, "Tanigawa" running only in the same section was operated. It was decided.Hakata Minami LineSimilarly for all carsUnreserved seatso,Green carWas closed.However, in 2017, trains operating in this section will no longer be operated, and during times when "Tanigawa" is not operated, the free shuttle bus departing from and arriving at Echigo Yuzawa Station will be used.[8].

    Train overview

    Trains departing from and arriving at Niigata Station (trains operating between Tokyo Station, Echigo Yuzawa Station, Nagaoka Station-Niigata Station)"When", Other Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station-Echigo Yuzawa section operation train"Tanigawa"(Excluding some special trains).

    1982At the beginning of the opening ofTokaido/Sanyo ShinkansenFollowing, "HikariExpress delivery type equivalent to ""Asahi""echoEach station stop type corresponding to "" is "When".

    199710/1, JR EastNagano Shinkansen(Hokuriku ShinkansenAlong with the opening of Tokyo Station-Nagano Station), we reorganized the nicknames of the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen trains by operating section.[Newspaper 1]..As a result, all trains between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station are "Asahi", and all trains between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station are ""TanigawaThe nickname for "Toki" is "Toki" on the Tohoku Shinkansen.AobaDisappeared once with[Newspaper 1].

    However, for the reason described later, the nickname of "Asahi" is200212/1It was abolished by the timetable revision of, and the name of "Toki" was revived for the first time in 5 years.

    All regular trains and some non-regular trains are closer to TokyoStandard VehiclesUnreserved seatPart of connecting 3 cars (or 4 cars / 5 cars)Reserved seatIt is operated by handling, but there are also special trains such as No. 359 that are operated with reserved seats on all cars.

    Train nickname

    "When"

    "WhenIs the main train of the Joetsu Shinkansen that runs between Tokyo Station, Echigo Yuzawa Station, Nagaoka Station and Niigata Station.The vehicle used isE2 series-E7 series.

    As of March 2021, 3, the shortest travel time between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station is 13 hour 1 minutes (down) and 36 hour 1 minutes (up).[Press 3]..Some trains stop at Omiya station only, while others stop at each station in all sections.Honjo Waseda StationThere is also a type that passes only (all numbers are in the 300s).In addition, Max Toki 310 was non-stop between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Tokyo Station until March 2015, 3, and passed through Omiya Station.

    Echigo Yuzawa Station / Nagaoka Station-All section-operated trains that run only between Niigata Station stop at each station.

    Until November 1982, 11, the day before the opening of the Joetsu Shinkansen, there was a history of being the nickname of the conventional line limited express train between Ueno Station and Niigata Station, and even after the opening of the Shinkansen, it was inherited as the nickname of each station stop type train as described above. rice field. It disappeared once on October 14, 1997 due to the reorganization of the train nickname of the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen.[Newspaper 1], The remaining "AsaHi"WhenNagano Shinkansen(Current:Hokuriku Shinkansen) "morningOrBecause it is one character different from "", it was confusing and mistaken rides occurred frequently, and ""Sado Island OfTokiSince it was a name closely related to the tourism resource that symbolizes Niigata Prefecture, there was a strong demand for the revival of "time" mainly in Niigata Prefecture immediately after the abolition, and JR East from related organizations such as Niigata Prefecture. Was requested to change the train name to "Toki".From such a background,2002On December 12st, "Asahi" was renamed to "Toki", and it was revived for the first time in five years."Toki" is the only example of the nickname of the Shinkansen that once disappeared.Of all the Shinkansen nicknames used as of 1, "Toki" is the only two-letter one.

    "Tanigawa"

    "TanigawaIs a short-distance train that runs between Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station, and stops at each station.The vehicles used are E2 series and E7 series.

    All regular trains (400-417) in the direction of Echigo Yuzawa stop at each station.During the winter season, some trains will be extended to Gala Yuzawa Station, and many extra trains will be operated to and from Tokyo Station.Some special trains pass through stations on the way.This train basically does not enter between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Niigata Station, but in the summer of 2004, a special train from Niigata Station to Ueno Station and from Niigata Station to Tokyo Station will be set as "Max Tanigawa". Have been[Press 4]..Currently, it is mostly operated in the morning, evening and night.

    vehicle

    Current vehicle

    Commercial vehicle

    • E2 series --JOrganization, 10-car train[Note 5].. It appeared in 1998, and the operation was temporarily extinguished by the timetable revision on March 2004, 3, but with the introduction of the E13 series to the Tohoku Shinkansen from January 2013, 1, the E26 used on the Tohoku Shinkansen The system was transferred to the Joetsu Shinkansen, and operation was resumed north of Takasaki Station.[Press 5]..Until March 2017, 3, N trains for the Hokuriku Shinkansen "Asama" were also on board south of Takasaki Station.
    • E7 series --F20-27 formation, 12-car formation. Commercial operation started from the timetable revision on March 2019, 3[Press 6].. By the end of 2022, the vehicles of the Joetsu Shinkansen will be unified to the E7 series (#Future outlookSee).In addition, from 2014 in the south of TakasakiNagano Shinkansen rolling stock centerThe F formation to which he belongs is as a Hokuriku Shinkansen trainJR West JapanOwnedW7 series(W formation)[Note 6] In addition to running with, it has a track record of entering the market at the time of opening to the public at the Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle Center and during test runs.

    Commercial / test vehicle

    Other vehicles

    • E5 series --U formation.Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle CenterEntered at the time of public opening and test run at. It was first allocated to commercial operation on the "2012th Anniversary of the Joetsu Shinkansen Opening" on November 11, 17, and on July 30th and 2017th, 7, it was designated as the "9th Anniversary of the Tohoku Shinkansen Opening" at Niigata Station. Hachinohe StationDriven between[Press 7].
    • E6 series --Z formation.Entered at the Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle Center when it was open to the public and during a test run.

    Past vehicle

    Commercial vehicle

    • 200 series --E formation, F formation, G formation, H formation, K formation.However, the H formation that started in 2004 was the Tohoku Shinkansen's "YamabikoI couldn't get in with the 16-car train, which was the original form used in.At that time, 1 cars of E200 series and 12 series F formation were the longest formation of Joetsu Shinkansen (16-car formation started operation in all sections of Joetsu Shinkansen after the timetable revision on March 2012, 3. ).For this reason, after the withdrawal of regular operation on the Tohoku-Hokkaido Shinkansen in 16, all green cars (2004 cars) including double-decker cars were removed from the formation, and then until the time of scrapping in August 2 for wave motion. I got in (the green car was scrapped when it was converted to 4 cars).The K formation (vehicles that have undergone constitutional improvement work) that remained until the end will be replaced with the E2005 series J formation (starting operation from January 8, 12) and E5 series, which became a surplus due to the expansion of the Tohoku Shinkansen E2 series. , Regular operation was terminated on March 2013, 1, and commercial operation was terminated on April 26.
    • E1 series --M formation, 2-story 12-car formation.The train used is at the beginning of the train nameMaxWas crowned.Due to the replacement of the Tohoku Shinkansen E5 series with the surplus E4 series, regular operation was terminated on September 2012, 9, and commercial operation was terminated on October 28, 10.
    • E3 series 700 series[9] --Sightseeing train "GENBI SHINKANSEN(Genbi Shinkansen) "E3 seriesA vehicle with a modified R19 formation.Contemporary art =現代 美術Abbreviation for. April 2016, 4 Commercial operation started[10][Press 8][Press 9].. Regular service ended on December 2020, 12, and on the 19th of the following day, it made two round trips between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Niigata Station as a special train for travel products (Last Run), and ended commercial operation.[Press 10][Press 11].
    • E4 series --P formation, alone2-story vehicleIt will be operated as an 8-car train or a 2-story 2-car train that is combined with 16 trains. Trains that use the E4 series have "" at the beginning of the train name.MaxThe E7 series was scheduled to be completely abolished in 4 due to the introduction and aging of the E2020 series, which will be described later.2019 East Japan Typhoon (Typhoon No. 19)Due toDiversion of new vehicles to the Hokuriku ShinkansenAfter a few years of life extension to make up for the vehicle shortage that accompanies2021Regular service ended on October 10st[Press 12][Press 13][Press 14][Press 15].

    Commercial / test vehicle

    Other vehicles 

    Crew

    Fares and Express fares

    Fare TheOperating kiloCalculated based on.Business kilometers between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station are parallelTohoku Main Line(Between Tokyo Station and Omiya Station) ・Takasaki Line(Between Omiya Station and Takasaki Station) ・Joetsu Line(Takasaki Station- Miyauchi Stationwhile)·Shin-Etsu Main LineIt is the same as that of (between Miyauchi Station and Niigata Station).The operating kilometers between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station are 333.9 kilometers, which is about 300.8% longer than the actual distance (1 kilometers) of the Shinkansen between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station.However, the business kilometers between Omiya Station and Kumagaya Station are shorter than the actual distance.It is said that when departing from Omiya Station, it will travel almost north alongside the Tohoku-Hokkaido line for about 8 kilometers, and then curve west to parallel the Takasaki line.linearThis is because the distance of the Takasaki Line, which runs straight to the northwest, is shorter.

    Express chargeIs defined individually between each station by what is called a "triangular table".On the other hand, the limited express fare between each station is calculated based on the operating kilometers of the section. The limited express charges corresponding to the business kilometers revised on October 2019, 10, and the limited express charges for other specific sections are as follows.[11].

    (Reference) Joetsu Shinkansen Limited Express Price List
    (Revised on October 2019, 10. Regular car normal season / adult fare)
    Operating kilometers/sectionLimited express charge (yen)
    Unreserved seatReserved seat
    100 kg or lessBetween adjacent stations[*1],
    Kumagaya --Takasaki
    8802,400
    Other than those above1,870
    101-200 kgUeno-Takasaki2,3002,830
    Other than those above2,6403,170
    201-300 kg3,5304,060
    301 kg or more4,3004,830
    • The limited express fare between Tokyo Station and each station north of Omiya Station does not use the business kilometers to and from Tokyo Station, but is the amount obtained by adding 210 yen to the limited express fare calculated from the business kilometers to and from Ueno Station. ..
    • The reserved seat limited express fare is 200 yen off during the off season and 200 yen off during the busy season. Free seats are the same for the whole year.
    • When using a green car, the amount will be the same as the non-reserved seat limited express fare (however, the special limited express ticket section is 1,870 yen) plus the green fare according to the section used. "Green feeSee.
    • When using Gran Class, the amount will be the same as the non-reserved seat limited express charge (however, the specified limited express ticket section is also 1,870 yen) plus the Gran Class charge according to the section used. "Gran class ratesSee.
    • The standing limited express ticket fare for "Kagayaki" is the same as the non-reserved seat limited express fare (however, the specified limited express ticket section is 1,870 yen).

    The section between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station is shared with the Hokuriku Shinkansen.[Note 7] If so, JR Weste5489You can receive the ticket and limited express ticket reserved at.

    Sales

    In-car equipment

    For all trainsStandard VehiclesGreen carTo concatenate. For E7 seriesGran ClassAre concatenated.

    In addition, JR East is2007Since the timetable revision in March, the Tohoku, Joetsu, Yamagata, and Akita Shinkansen[Note 8] And all of the conventional limited express trainsSmoking carSince there is no smoking room, you can use it in the car.smokingI can't.

    Main technology

    Winter measures equipment

    The Tokaido Shinkansen was unable to operate on time due to the effects of snow damage four months after its opening.Therefore, it is coldHeavy snowfallOn the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen that passes through, the "Shinkansen Snow Damage Countermeasures Committee" was established with the aim of operating normally even with the amount of snow once every 10 years, and the results were reflected in the actual snow damage countermeasures. ..On the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen, meteorological surveys and technological developments were carried out along the railway lines for more than 1 years, and measures against snow damage were taken according to the conditions along the railway lines.[12]..54% of the embankment on the Tokaido Shinkansen, all sectionsBallast orbitHowever, on the Joetsu Shinkansen, viaducts accounted for 49%, tunnels accounted for 39%, and the track was.Slab orbitIs 90% and the ballast orbit is 10%.[13]..In addition, the temperature is relatively high along the Joetsu Shinkansen, the snow quality is heavy, and the amount of snowfall is up to 3 m in normal years. It was supposed to be possible.Based on these circumstances, it was decided to adopt the watering and snow-melting method for the Joetsu Shinkansen.[14].. Niigata Prefecture from the policy decision in 1972 (Showa 47) to 1977 (Showa 52)Minamiuonuma DistrictYamato Town(CurrentMinamiuonuma City), A Kukamachi viaduct (extension 971 m) was constructed as a snow-melting test site, and development tests were conducted over 6 winters ().Refer to [JRTT Railway and Transportation Organization] to challenge the snow on the Joetsu Shinkansen.).The watering and snow-melting equipment is installed in the light section 157 km of the 79 km between Jomokogen Station and Niigata Depot.[15]..The water source is river water or tunnel spring water.[16], Heated to about 10 ° C by a heating devicesprinklerWatered by.The amount of water sprinkledPrecipitation amountConverted to 72 mm / h in the ballast track section,Slab orbitIt is 42 mm / h in the section.[17]..The water that melts the snow flows along the slope in the drainage ditch provided in the viaduct, and is collected and reused at the snow-melting base.[15].

    Also, in the short light section between the tunnelsSnow shelterPrevents snow from accumulating on the viaduct by providing[18].

    At each station of Kamige Kogen Station-Niigata Station, the entire platform is covered with a roof to prevent snow damage, but especially at the three stations of Echigo Yuzawa Station, Urasa Station, and Nagaoka Station, which are heavy snowfall areas, water is sprinkled on the roof. It takes a method of extinguishing snow[19].

    Earthquake countermeasures

    On the Joetsu Shinkansen, it was installed at intervals of about 20 km along the line.SeismographA railway line detection system using the above was installed.On the Tohoku-Hokkaido Line, a "coastline detection system" using seismometers installed at intervals of about 80 km was introduced on the coastline, but since there are fewer earthquakes than on the Pacific Ocean side, seismometers are installed on the coast of the Sea of ​​Japan side. Was not done[20].. At the time of opening in 1982, it caused preliminary tremorsP waveSince the alarm using was not in the practical stage, it causes the main movement.S wave OfAccelerationIntroduced an alarm based on the size of[21]..An alarm is issued when the acceleration of the place where the seismograph is installed exceeds the set value, and within the predetermined alarm range.substationStop feeding from the trainEmergency brakeWas to protect the train by operating[20].

    Estimating the magnitude and location of earthquakes from P waves on the Japanese National Railways since 1975algorithm(Early detection algorithm) has been researched, and the world's first P-wave warning system, "Uredas (Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System) ”has been developed.UrEDAS was introduced on the Tokaido Shinkansen in 1992, and was also introduced on the Joetsu Shinkansen in 1998.With the introduction of UrEDAS, it has become possible to make two types of alarm judgments, P wave and S wave, and it has become possible to send a Shinkansen stop signal earlier than the arrival of the S wave.[22].

    After that, the "Early Earthquake Disaster Prevention System" was developed, which was compatible with the latest observation technology and high-speed networks and improved the early detection algorithm.[23].

    Occurred in 2004Niigata Chuetsu EarthquakebyJoetsu Shinkansen derailment accidentIn response to this, we have developed a "Vehicle Deviation Prevention L-shaped Guide" that prevents the vehicle from derailing significantly from the rail even if the Shinkansen vehicle derails due to an earthquake, etc., and will install it on all Shinkansen vehicles by the first half of 2008. Completed[24].

    History

    Until the maintenance plan is decided

    On May 1969, 44 (Showa 5), "New National Comprehensive Development Plan"ButCabinet decisionWas done.Among them, as a concept of a major development project, "We will proceed with the construction of the Joetsu Shinkansen railway that connects Tokyo to the coastal area of ​​the Sea of ​​Japan via Takasaki."[25]The construction concept of the Shinkansen railway, which is equivalent to the current Joetsu Shinkansen, was included.

    1970(Showa 45) In MarchNational Shinkansen Railway Maintenance Law(The following is abbreviated as "Zenkanho") was promulgated.[26]..Under this law, unlike the Tokaido-Sanyo Shinkansen, which aims to increase the transportation capacity of tight trunk lines, the construction of Shinkansen for the purpose of economic development and regional promotion has come to be carried out.1971(Showa 46) According to the "Basic Plan to Determine Shinkansen Railway Routes to Start Construction" (Notification No. 1 of 5) pursuant to the provisions of Article 1, Paragraph 46 of the Zenkan Law.Tohoku Shinkansen(Tokyo - Morioka),Joetsu Shinkansen (Tokyo-Niigata City),Narita Shinkansen(Tokyo - Narita City) Basic plan was announced[27]..In this basic plan, it was shown that the Joetsu Shinkansen starts in Tokyo and ends in Niigata City.[28]..On April 4st of the same year, a maintenance plan for three lines was decided.The Joetsu Shinkansen has a maximum design speed of 1 km / h, and the construction entity isJapan Railway Construction CorporationWas taken[26].

    Construction and opening of Omiya-Niigata

    1971(Showa 46) The application for approval of the construction implementation plan (No. 10) between Omiya and Niigata on the Joetsu Shinkansen was submitted on October 12, and the approval was submitted on October 1, and the construction of the Joetsu Shinkansen was started in December.[29]..In the construction implementation plan No. 1, "Tohoku ShinkansenTerminalTokyo Station, Joetsu Shinkansen TerminalShinjuku StationIt is said that "the line from both terminals to Omiya station will be constructed", and "because the line capacity and terminal capacity are sufficient", "the construction of the line between Tokyo (Shinjuku) and Omiya will be carried out separately. To submit[30], To the present[31]..Initially, it was planned to have a maximum speed of 210 km / h and a 12-car train, but it was a construction standard that could handle a maximum speed of 260 km / h and a 16-car train without major rework.[32]..As a future plan, it was considered to extend the Narita Shinkansen and connect it to the Joetsu Shinkansen at Shinjuku Station, and to operate directly in the direction of Narita-Shinjuku-Joetsu, but it became a phantom due to the suspension of construction of the Narita Shinkansen. Are[33].

    19734/26From TokyoKitaSaitamaToda-shi-Yono City-Urawa(Yono City and Urawa City are nowSaitama) And so on, a very large-scale opposition movement is occurring.Lookout inside the construction sitescaffoldConstruction, sedentary behavior,Demonstration march, JNR briefing session was discontinued, Tohoku / Joetsu ShinkansennoiseMeasuresSaikyo Line OffastIt was an opportunity to realize local demands such as the number of stops.This series of opposition movements is called "Tohoku/Joetsu Shinkansen Opposition Movement".For details, see the relevant page andSaikyo Line # Opposition movement of residents along the line at that timeSee.

    The completion target at the time of approval was 1976 (Showa 51),Oil shockDue to the subsequent economic deterioration and the deterioration of the management of the Japanese National Railways, the completion target was set in 1977 (Showa 52) in 1980, and the completion target was set in 55 (Showa 1981) in 56 (Showa 1986). Was carried down to[34].

    19793/20Was under constructionOshimizu tunnelA fire broke out in the Hoto Nozawa construction area (around 5 km from the prefectural border to Gunma prefecture), killing 16 people (this entrance is used for inspections as "Hotonozawa slope" and is adjacent to it. doMartyrThe monument is erected).and,Nakayama TunnelThen, it became difficult work such as two abnormal flood accidents occurred during construction.[2]Affects the delay in opening.

    1980(55) Since November, the actual vehicle driving test and snow countermeasure test were conducted at Nagaoka Station-Niigata Depot.[35]..In December of the same year, the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen will open in the spring of 12, and the temporary terminal station will be Omiya Station.It was announced that the opening of the section between Omiya Station and Ueno Station will be in 1982 (Showa 57), and that the section between Tokyo Station and Ueno Station will continue to be completed.[36]..The following December, 1981 (Showa 56), an actual vehicle driving test and a snow countermeasure test were conducted between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Nagaoka Station, and the difficult Nakayama tunnel penetrated.[35].

    As a result, the opening of the Tohoku-Hokkaido Line Omiya Station-Morioka Station was delayed by 5 months.1982(57)11/15Opened in[1].

    JNR privatization and speeding up

    1987(62) With the privatization of JNR on April 4, the railway facilities of the Joetsu ShinkansenShinkansen Railway Holding OrganizationWas transferred to.East Japan Railway Company (JR East) becomes Shinkansen Railway Ownership OrganizationleaseI paid a fee and rented and operated a railway facility[Note 9].

    1988(63) Timetable revision on March 3 (commonly known as:Islands) The Joetsu Shinkansen "Asahi" has started operating at a maximum speed of 240 km / h.[1]..As a result, the time required between Ueno Station and Niigata Station has been reduced to a minimum of 1 hour and 39 minutes.In line with this, the conventional line limited express "KagayakiHas started operation, and Ueno Station by connecting to Nagaoka Station- Toyama Station-Kanazawa StationThis route has become the main route from Tokyo to the Hokuriku region due to the significant reduction in travel time.[38].

    1990From March 2, 3, Jomokogen Station, mainly in the tunnel section in the mountains, with the aim of further shortening the required time. Urasa StationRemodeled on the down line between Omiya (starting from Omiya 139 km --176 km)200 series F90 series formationStarted commercial operation with a maximum speed of 275 km / h[39]. Automatic train controller(ATC)Cab signalingIf the display is "Asahi" (200 series F90 series formation), 275 km / h,1992Tokaido Shinkansen "" which started business in (4)Nozomi"(300 series) Is 270 km / h[40], Was said to be "the fastest Shinkansen in Japan".In fact, the ATC peaking speed is 275 km / h for Nozomi.[Note 10] Therefore, the maximum speed when considering the deterrence speed of ATC is the same speed, but when considering the business speed, this "Asahi" was the fastest. 200 km / h operation by 90 series F275 series formation1999(11) Continued until December 12th[41].

    1991(3) The Tohoku-Hokkaido Line between Tokyo Station and Ueno Station opened on June 6, and trains departing from and arriving at Tokyo Station were also set up on the Joetsu Shinkansen.[1]..Since it is no longer necessary to transfer to a conventional line when heading to Tokyo Station, the required time is reduced from 2 hours 6 minutes to 20 minutes between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station to 1 hour 40 minutes, Tokyo Station- Sakata StationBetween ("Asahi" and "Inaho」)では4時間20分から34分短縮されて3時間46分、東京駅 - 金沢駅間(「あさひ」と「かがやき」)では4時間20分から22分短縮されて3時間58分となった[42]..In October of the same year, the Shinkansen Railway Ownership Organization transferred the railway facilities of the Tohoku Shinkansen (Tokyo-Morioka) and the Joetsu Shinkansen to JR East for 10 billion yen based on the "Act on the Transfer of Railway Facilities Related to the Shinkansen". ,Disbanded[43].

    Review of operation system by opening Hokuhoku Line and Hokuriku Shinkansen

    On the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen, the same "" as on the Tokaido / Sanyo ShinkansenShinkansen operation management system"(COMTRAC) and other operation management systems were used, but in anticipation of the obsolescence of the system and the complication of operation modes such as the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen,"Shinkansen integrated system(COSMOS) was introduced in November 1995.[44].

    Since its opening, the Joetsu Shinkansen has been nicknamed the express delivery type "Asahi" and the local train type "Toki".However, with the increase in short-distance demand between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station, the occupancy rate of "Asahi", which takes less time than "Toki", has increased, and long-distance passengers have increased.Reserved seatOn the other hand, the occupancy rate of local trains "Toki" tended to decrease significantly north of Takasaki Station.[45].. in addition,1997In (9), there was a significant change in the operation system in the Tokyo-Nagano / Hokuriku area. March 1997Hokuetsu Express Hokuhoku LineWith the opening of the railway, the shortest railway route from Tokyo to eastern Ishikawa prefecture, Toyama prefecture, and western Niigata prefecture is Echigo Yuzawa Station, which is a conventional line limited express via the Hokuhoku line.HakutaBy changing to the route, the number of passengers at Echigo Yuzawa Station will increase, and in October of the same year.Hokuriku Shinkansen With the opening of the section between Takasaki Station and Nagano Station (Nagano Shinkansen), the number of trains running between Tokyo Station and Takasaki Station has increased, so it has become necessary to drastically review the operation system.Along with the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen on October 1997, 10, the Joetsu Shinkansen was also changed to an operation system based on the operation section.For short-distance demand and passengers transferring to Echigo Yuzawa Station, the number of stops at each station between Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station has been increased from 1 to 27, and the nickname has been changed to "Tanigawa".In addition, the train nickname between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station, which mainly deals with long-distance demand, has been unified to "Asahi".As a result, the nickname "Toki" as a local train type on the Joetsu Shinkansen was abolished.[46]..However, the Nagano Shinkansen "AsaOr"And the Joetsu Shinkansen" AsaHi"Is a different letter and is confusing.2002The express delivery type train name was changed to "Toki" in the December timetable revision.

    For a long time, the Joetsu Shinkansen has been a part of the access route to the Hokuriku region,2015In the timetable revision in March, the Hokuriku Shinkansen between Nagano Station and Kanazawa Station opened, and the main route between Tokyo Station and Toyama Station and Kanazawa Station became the Hokuriku Shinkansen.As a result, the operation system for the Tokyo-Hokuriku area has changed significantly again, such as the significant increase in the number of direct trains on the Hokuriku Shinkansen south of Takasaki Station and the termination of the operation of the conventional line limited express "Hakutaka" that transfers to Echigo Yuzawa. ..The number of trains operated on the Joetsu Shinkansen has also been revised, reducing the number of "Toki" Tokyo Station-Niigata Station 3 round trip, "Tanigawa" Tokyo Station-Echigo Yuzawa Station 1 round trips, and Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station 7 round trip. rice field[Press 16][Press 17][Press 18][Press 19].

    Impact of the Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake

    200410/23Around 17:56 (JST) OccurredNiigata Chuetsu EarthquakeAs a result, seven trains were damaged in Niigata and Gunma prefectures.[47]Two of them resumed operation, but four became stuck due to a power outage.And "Toki 2" from Tokyo to Niigata (200 seriesK25 formation, 10-car formation.20053/25(Scrapped car) is running at a speed of about 200 km / h, about 5 km in front of Nagaoka Station, and 10 out of 8 cars at the point ahead of the Takiyama tunnel.Derailmentdid.196410/1 OfTokaido ShinkansenIt was the first derailment accident in the history of the Shinkansen in Japan since its opening (for details).Joetsu Shinkansen derailment accidentSee section).

    Due to the impact of this earthquake, facilities such as viaducts and tunnels between Urasa Station and Nagaoka Station were damaged, and the section between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Niigata Station was cut off.For this reason,10/31From to the non-communication sectionSubstitute busWhile operating, emergency reinforcement work (restoration work for 5 tunnels, seismic retrofitting work for viaducts) was carried out.For the section north of Nagaoka, see "East iBecause it cannot be sentKeikyu CorporationThe track inspection vehicle borrowed from was transported by land to check the track condition, and then the operation was resumed.For the Uonuma tunnel and Myomi tunnel, where the ground was raised, the same construction as the new line laying was carried out, such as removing the track and then scraping the bedrock, but during the year-end and New Year holidays.Homecoming2004 in time for the rush12/28The service was resumed on all lines.

    Echigo Yuzawa Station for the time being even after restoration Tsubamesanjo StationBetween 70-110 km / hslow downSince there is a section where driving is carried out, a special timetable was organized to make late arrival (down) and early departure (up) about 15 minutes north of Echigo Yuzawa Station based on the normal timetable.In addition, on January 2005, 1, the deviation from the normal timetable was alleviated to around 22 minutes.3/1From now on, it has returned to the normal timetable.Also, because other road traffic was cut off,Haneda airportNiigata AirportAn airmail connecting the two was also temporarily opened.During this earthquakeNiigata Shinkansen Transportation ZoneThe crew of Tokyo Station-for the crew between Echigo Yuzawa Station,Koriyama StationHow to get on the crew train after going out to TokyoMarunouchi conductor wardTemporary measures such as temporary transfer to etc. were taken.

    Chronological Table

    Before the opening of the national railway era

    • 1964(Showa39 years)
    • 1969(Showa 44) April 5:New National Comprehensive Development PlanCabinet decision[29].
    • 1970(Showa 45) April 5:National Shinkansen Railway Maintenance LawAnnounce[26].
    • 1971(46)
      • February 1:46 Ministry of Transport Notification No. 17Announces the basic plan for 3 lines including the Joetsu Shinkansen (Tokyo-Niigata City)[27][29].
      • April 4: Decided on maintenance plans for 1 lines including the Joetsu Shinkansen (Tokyo-Niigata City)[26].
      • October 10: Construction implementation plan between Omiya and Niigata (Part 12) Application for approval[29].
      • October 10: Approval of construction implementation plan (14) between Omiya and Niigata[26][29].
      • December 12: Construction work between Omiya and Niigata begins[29](Oshimizu Tunnel)[35].
    • 1977(52) March 3: 30st construction implementation plan change approval[35].
    • 1979(54)
      • January 1: Penetration of Oshimizu Tunnel[35].
      • March 3: Flood accident at Nakayama Tunnel Shikata Woodworking Zone (18st)[35].
      • March 3: Fire accident occurred at Oshimizu tunnel[35].
    • 1980(55)
      • March 3: Flood accident in Takayama construction area of ​​Nakayama tunnel (second time)[35].
      • March 3: Approval for change of the 18nd construction implementation plan[35].
      • November 11: Comprehensive audit by actual vehicle driving between Nagaoka Station and Niigata Depot[35].
      • December 12: Snow test by actual vehicle running between Nagaoka Station and Niigata Depot (until March 16 of the following year)[35].
    • 1981(56)
      • March 3: Approval for change of the 19nd construction implementation plan[35].
      • September 9: Comprehensive audit by actual vehicle driving between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Nagaoka Station[35].
      • October 10: Announced the train nicknames "Asahi" and "Toki".
      • December 12: Confirmation of the effect of winter countermeasure equipment by running an actual vehicle between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Nagaoka Station (until March 1 of the following year)[35].
      • December 12: Penetration of Nakayama Tunnel[35].
    • 1982(57)
      • March 3: Nakayama Tunnel Completion Ceremony[35].
      • Date unknown: Niigata Shinkansen No. XNUMX Operation Center established.
      • April 4: Saitama PrefectureKitadachi-gunIna TownHeld a rail fastening ceremony at.
      • June 6: Comprehensive audit by actual vehicle driving between Omiya Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station[35].

    After the opening of the national railway era

    • 1982(57)
      • February 11:Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya Station-Niigata Station (303.6 km) opened[1]..Express delivery type is "Asahi" and each station type is "Toki"[Note 11].. "Asahi" is set to 11 round trips and "Toki" is set to 10 round trips.[Note 12].200 seriesStarted commercial operation.In line with this, from October 10st12/31During the period of "Niigata Prefecture"Destination campaign"implementation.
    • 1985(60)
      • March 3: Tohoku-Hokkaido Ueno Station-Omiya Station opened[1]..Increased top speed to 240 km / h[1]..The Joetsu Shinkansen has started direct operation to Ueno Station.In line with this, the "Gunma / Niigata Destination Campaign" will be held from April 4st to June 1th.

    After the inauguration of JR East

    • 1987(Showa 62) April 4:Privatization of the national railway divisionAlong with,JR companiesandShinkansen Railway Holding OrganizationInauguration.Joetsu ShinkansenEast Japan RailwayIt is under the jurisdiction of (JR East).Shinkansen Railway Holding OrganizationWas established and lent the railway facilities of the Joetsu Shinkansen to JR East.
    • 1988(63) March 3: 13 km / h operation started at some "Asahi".
    • 1990(Heisei2 years)
      • March 3: Some downhill "Asahi" started operation at 10 km / h, which is the highest speed for a Japanese commercial train on the downhill slope (between Jomokogen Station and Echigo Yuzawa Station) in the Oshimizu Tunnel.[50].
      • December 12: Joetsu Line Branch Line Echigo Yuzawa- Gala YuzawaBetween (1.8 km) opening[Newspaper 2].
    • 1991(3)
      • June 6: Tohoku-Hokkaido Line Tokyo Station-Ueno Station opened[1][50]..Joetsu Shinkansen starts direct operation to Tokyo Station[50].
      • October 10: JR East transfers the railway facilities of the Joetsu Shinkansen from the Shinkansen Railway Ownership Organization for a fee.The Shinkansen Railway Ownership Organization was dissolved and a railway maintenance fund was established.
    • 1994(6) April 7:E1 seriesMax commercial operation started[50].. "Max Asahi" and "Max Toki" are now available.
    • 1997(9) October 10: Organized train nicknames by destination, newly established "Tanigawa" and "Max Tanigawa", and abolished "Toki" and "Max Toki"[Newspaper 1].Hokuriku Shinkansen Between Takasaki Station and Nagano Station (commonly known asNagano Shinkansen) Opens, Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station will be set up with a direct Shinkansen train[Newspaper 1]..At "Asama" on the ShinkansenE2 seriesStart of commercial operation[50]..With the new construction of platforms on lines 20 and 21 at Tokyo Station, regular trains departing from and arriving at Ueno Station have disappeared (the same applies to the Tohoku Shinkansen).
    • 1998(10) December 12: E8 series introduced for 2 round trips of express delivery "Asahi"[Newspaper 3][Note 13].
    • 1999(11) April: At all stationsAutomatic ticket gateIntroduced.
    • 2001(13)
    • 2002(14)
      • February 6:Niigata StadiumWas held inFIFASponsorship2002 FIFA World CupDriving a temporary "Asahi" from Niigata to Tokyo at midnight to transport spectators in the first round of the final tournament[Press 20][51]..Because it was midnight, the speed was slowed down.
      • December 12: Renamed "Asahi" and "Max Asahi" to "Toki" and "Max Toki". The nickname "Toki" has been revived for the first time in five years.
    • 2003(15) December 12: JR East is the same year11/27The transportation council approves the upper limit of the special express charge for the opening of Honjo-Waseda Station on the Joetsu Shinkansen.[Press 21].
    • 2004(16)
      • Niigata Shinkansen No. XNUMX Driver's OfficeNiigata Shinkansen Vehicle CenterRenamed to.
      • February 3:Honjo Waseda StationOpening.240 km / h operation started at all "time".At the same time, the E2 series withdrew from regular operation.
      • October 10: Around 23:17,Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake, And the "Toki 325" (200 series K25 train) running between Urasa Station and Nagaoka Station derailed.No injuries (Joetsu Shinkansen derailment accidentSee).There is no connection between Takasaki Station and Niigata Station.The operation between Takasaki Station and Jomokogen Station will resume in about 4 hours.
      • October 10: Jomokogen Station-Resumed operation between Echigo Yuzawa Station.
      • October 10: Operation resumed at 30 km / h between Niigata Station and Tsubamesanjo Station.
      • November 11: Resumed operation between Tsubamesanjo Station and Nagaoka Station.
      • April 12: Operation resumed on all lines.
    • 2007(19) March 3: Smoking cessation for all vehicles.
    • 2009(21)
      • March 3: Analog ATC (Analog ATC) for security equipment between Omiya Station and Echigo Yuzawa StationATC-2 type) To digital ATC (DS-ATC)[52].
      • October 10: Echigo Yuzawa Station-The security device between the Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle Center was switched from analog ATC (ATC-18 type) to digital ATC (DS-ATC).Along with this, ATC of all lines will be unified to DS-ATC[52].
    • 2012(24)
      • March 3: E17 Series 4-car train starts operation north of Echigo Yuzawa Station[Press 22].
      • September 9: E28 Series Max regular operation ends on this day only. E1 Series Max store closed[Press 23].
      • October 10: E28 Series Max has finished commercial operation at the end of the special train "Goodbye E1 Max Toki-go" operated on this day.
      • November 11: 17 series K395 trains painted at the time of opening as "Joetsu Shinkansen 30th Anniversary Issue" on the down special train "Toki 200" to the up extra train "Joetsu Shinkansen 47th Anniversary Issue"E5 seriesAppropriate and drive.
    • 2013(25)
      • January 1: Introducing 26 E2 series trains on the Joetsu Shinkansen[Press 5].
      • March 3: Regular operation of 16 series ends only the day before.One round-trip non-stop train between Tokyo Station and Niigata Station stops at Omiya Station, and the non-stop train disappears[Press 2][Press 24].
      • April 4: 14 series ends commercial operation at the end of the special train "Goodbye 200 series" operated on this day[Press 25].
    • 2015(27)
      • March 3: Nagano Station on the Hokuriku Shinkansen- Kanazawa StationWith the opening of the business, the transportation system of the Joetsu Shinkansen has been significantly revised. "Toki" Tokyo Station-Niigata Station 1 round trip, "Tanigawa" Tokyo Station-Echigo Yuzawa Station 7 round trips, Tokyo Station-Takasaki Station 0.5 round trip each.In addition, all regular trains now stop at Omiya Station.[Press 16][Press 17][Press 18][Press 19]
      • December 12: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism designates JR East as an owned business entity based on Article 22, Paragraph 5 of the All-Government Law[Press 26].
    • 2016(28)
      • February 2: JR East applies for a reserve plan for large-scale renovation of the Shinkansen railway based on Article 17 (16) of the All-Kansen Law.[Press 27].
      • March 3: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism approves reserve reserve plan applied by JR East[Press 28].
      • April 4: Sightseeing train "Genbi ShinkansenIs in operation[10].
    • 2017(29)
      • March 3: The section between Takasaki Station and Jomokogen Station (in front) has been resolved.[Note 14][Press 29].
      • October 10: Jomokogen Station (front) -Between Jomokogen Station, mobile phone non-stop section is resolved[Press 30].
      • October 10: E14 series special group train "Joetsu Shinkansen 2th Anniversary Issue" is operated between Tokyo Station → Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle Center (Niigata Station → Niigata Shinkansen Vehicle Center is treated as a trial ride)[Press 7].
      • November 11: E15 series special group train "Joetsu Shinkansen 5th Anniversary Issue" operated from Niigata Station → Ueno Station[Press 31].
    • 2018(30)
    • 2019(31ReiwaFirst year)
      • March 3: 16 round trips for "Toki" and 4 round trip for "Tanigawa"E7 seriesIs thrown in.Gran ClassBusiness also started[54][Press 6][Newspaper 4].
      • March 3: Jomokogen Station-Echigo Yuzawa Station and Nagaoka Station (front) -Nagaoka Station, mobile phone non-stop section resolved[Press 33].
      • April 4: With the establishment of the Shinkansen Headquarters[Press 34], Except for station facilities, it will be under the jurisdiction of the headquarters.
      • June 6: JR East startups and others start a demonstration experiment to transport marine products landed in Niigata prefecture to the Tokyo metropolitan area by the Joetsu Shinkansen.[Newspaper 5]("Mixed passengersSee also).
    • 2020(2nd year of Reiwa)
      • March 3: Regular trains departing from and arriving at Ueno Station will be set for the first time since 14.
      • March 3: Echigo Yuzawa Station-Urasa Station (front) and Urasa Station-Nagaoka Station (front), mobile phone non-stop section resolved[Press 35].
      • July 7: Echigo Yuzawa Station-In the tunnel near Urasa Station between Urasa Station, the section where mobile phones are not connected will be resolved, and mobile phones will be available on all Joetsu Shinkansen lines.[Press 36].
      • December 12: The regular service of the sightseeing train "Genbi Shinkansen" ends.[Press 10][Press 11].
      • December 12: The sightseeing train "Genbi Shinkansen" is operated as a "special train for travel products" (last run).[Press 10][Press 11], Ended commercial operation.
    • 2021(3nd year of Reiwa)
      • March 3: Introduced E13 series to 4 each for "Toki" and 2 each for "Tanigawa"[Press 12][Press 13][Press 14][Press 15].
      • September 9: On this day, the small-lot luggage transportation "Shinkansen Rail Go Service" (Tokyo Station-Niigata / Sendai Station), which is carried out together with the Tohoku Shinkansen, will end.[55].
      • October 10: End of regular service of E1 series "Max"[Press 37].
      • October 10: The train names are unified to "Toki" and "Tanigawa".

    Future outlook

    From FY2018 to FY2020, 7 E11 series trains will be introduced on the Joetsu Shinkansen, and the E132 series will be replaced with E2020 series by the end of 4.[Press 38] But after this announcement201910/13ToFirst Year of Reiwa East TyphoonWhen (Typhoon No. 19) passes, the depot in Nagano City (Nagano Shinkansen rolling stock center) Was damaged, and 3 trains, which is one-third of the Hokuriku Shinkansen vehicles, were submerged and became inoperable.To make up for this shortage of vehicles, the E1 series, which is or is scheduled to be operated on the Joetsu Shinkansen, was diverted to the Hokuriku Shinkansen, so the E10 series continued to operate on the Joetsu Shinkansen, but as mentioned above, it will be in regular operation in October 7. Was finished.The E4 series has the same policy of manufacturing all vehicles by the end of 2021.[Press 39][Press 40].

    It has also been announced that the maximum speed between Omiya Station and Niigata Station will be increased from the current 240 km / h to 275 km / h. From mid-May 2019 to the end of 5, sound absorbing boards will be installed.Soundproof wallSurveying and construction of ground equipment such as noise control such as raising will be carried out, and the vehicles of the Joetsu Shinkansen will be unified to E2022 series by the end of 7.This is expected to save up to 7 minutes between Omiya Station and Niigata Station, and up to 2 minutes on the Hokuriku Shinkansen that runs between Omiya Station and Takasaki Station.[Press 1][Press 40].

    Equipment renovation, etc.

    The Tohoku Shinkansen Tokyo-Morioka and Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya-Niigata sections have been in operation for more than 30 years, and it is expected that large-scale renovations that will cost a total of about 1 trillion yen will be required in the future, so the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Designated East Japan Railway Company (JR East) as the owner and business entity in December 2015 based on the provisions of Article 27, Paragraph 12 of the All-Government Law.[Press 26]。これを受けてJR東日本は翌年2月に新幹線鉄道大規模改修引当金積立計画を提出した。2016年4月から2031年3月までの15年間に3,600億円の引当金を積み立て、2031年4月から2041年3月までの10年間に1兆406億円の大規模改修を行う計画である[Press 27]..The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism approved this plan in March of the same year.[Press 28].

    The compound overhead line was mainly used as the overhead line for the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen, but with JR EastRailway Technical Research InstituteHas jointly developed a "high-speed simple overhead wire" that has fewer equipment than before and is compatible with higher speeds.The Joetsu Shinkansen is planned to be introduced between Omiya and Honjo Waseda after FY2020.Adopting the PHC trolley line introduced in the Seibi Shinkansen, the total number of simple overhead lines for the Seibi Shinkansentension(39.3 kN) By setting it to 53.9 kN, which is higher than that, it corresponds to the maximum operating speed of 2020 km / h for the Shinkansen as of 320.For further speeding up, it is said that it is possible to support a maximum speed of 360 km / h by adopting a high-strength and lightweight trolley wire.[Press 41].

    Other

    • Oshimizu tunnelWas troubled by spring water during construction, but took advantage of it and commercialized it under the name "Oshimizu" in 1984.Mineral water,Soft drinkIt was made into a series.The name of the tunnel is read as "Daishimizu", but even if it is the same Chinese character, it is read as "Oshimizu" by spelling "Tasty water". From 2007JR East Water Business(Current:JR East Cross Station) Is this waterFrom AQUAIt is sold as ".
    • Nagaoka Festival OffireworksOn August 8nd and 2rd, when the tournament was held, extra trains were added between Niigata Station and Nagaoka Station, and down trains were slowed down and stopped so that fireworks could be seen after departing from Nagaoka Station. be.
    • As of 2022, among the full-standard Shinkansen nationwideShin-Yokohama Station,Shin-Osaka StationIt is the only line that does not have a station name such as "new + place name".[Note 15].
    • Hideo ShimaRefers to the Joetsu Shinkansen and says "Juraku No."It's Mr. Taiko that you can make it even if you spend all the ticket fee to melt the snow on the railroad track."[56]..This is "Ima Taiko in Echigo (Kakuei Tanaka), ”, In exchange for the Tokaido Shinkansen, which was made by lighting the nails,“ It is exactly Jurakudai. ”[57]It is said that

    Usage situation

    The average number of people passing through each section is as follows.

    年度Average passing personnel (person/day)RemarksSource
    All sectionsOmiya-TakasakiTakasaki-Echigo YuzawaEchigo Yuzawa-Niigata
    198728,87644,43035,36423,498[58]
    199239,77761,77841,44826,379
    199739,70574,17437,28122,284Hokuriku Shinkansen Takasaki-Nagano opened
    200242,06385,91035,94922,203
    200642,18888,50235,63521,087[59]
    200743,30590,50536,83121,658
    200842,44588,75236,12921,183
    200939,99183,45134,09823,498
    201038,83481,64932,87219,261
    201139,59282,59133,69119,873[60]
    201241,25586,25635,57220,274
    201342,46989,09036,53620,763
    201442,85790,92736,21220,847
    201544,219104,92229,13321,105Hokuriku Shinkansen Nagano-Kanazawa opened, conventional line limited express "Hakutaka" abolished
    201644,588105,18929,54121,503[61]
    201745,347106,53930,17922,020
    201846,249108,69730,69322,497
    201943,424102,38628,41121,224
    202016,01840,7978,8157,312

    Route form details

    Geography

    Municipality to pass through

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ However,Tokyo,(I.e.,OmiyaIn order to prevent accidental boarding at 3 stations, there are 6 directions (Tohoku / Tohoku) at the platform display.Yamagata-Akita-Hokkaido・ The color that distinguishes Joetsu and Hokuriku is uniquely used, and the Joetsu ShinkansenCrested ibis color() Is adopted.Vehicles that use full-color LED destination indicators (E3 series 2000 series,E2 series 1000 seriesJ70 series formation,E5 series,E6 series,E7 series, な ら び にHokkaido passenger railwayOwned by <JR Hokkaido>H5 series,West Japan Railway CompanyOwned by <JR West>W7 seriesIn), the train name of the destination indicator is also displayed in these line colors.
    2. ^ Currently, this organizational system is adopted by JR West's Hokuriku Shinkansen (Joetsu Myoko Station --Between Kanazawa Station), the company that integrally manages conventional lines in the Hokuriku regionKanazawa branch.Tokai passenger railway(JR Tokai)Tokaido ShinkansenIs the companyShinkansen Railway Business HeadquartersIs managed independently from the conventional line.Similarly, JR WestSanyo ShinkansenIs the companyShinkansen Railway Business HeadquartersBut,Kyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu)Kyushu ShinkansenIs the companyShinkansenManages independently.
    3. ^ a b We do not carry out contact transportation[7].
    4. ^ As a result, the W7 series owned by JR West will also be used due to vehicle operation.
    5. ^ December 1998, 12-November 8, 2002 was operated by J formation 11-car formation or N formation 30-car formation.
    6. ^ Commercial operation of W7 series is from 2015.
    7. ^ The section between Takasaki Station and Niigata Station is outside the section.
    8. ^ The Nagano Shinkansen (currently the Hokuriku Shinkansen) has been completely smoke-free since 2005.
    9. ^ The leasing fee is calculated by equalizing the principal and interest for 2 years based on the replacement price and the transportation volume (actual results for the last two years), and the initial leasing fee was 30 billion yen in total for the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen.[37]
    10. ^ The Tokaido / Sanyo Shinkansen ATC has a deterrent speed of +220 km / h at 5 signals or higher, while the Tohoku / Joetsu / Nagano Shinkansen has a current speed = peak speed.
    11. ^ Unlike the Tohoku Shinkansen, the stop pattern of express trains has not been unified since that time. (From "JNR Supervised Transportation Corporation Timetable December 1983")
    12. ^ There was a time zone when the operation interval of "Asahi" was 1 hours apart by driving more than 3 round trip per hour in total for "Asahi" and "Toki".At stations with passing trains, there were many cases where one round trip departs and arrives every two hours, and that time was long. (From "JNR Supervised Transportation Corporation Timetable December 2")
    13. ^ Initially, it was operated by J formation 8-car formation or N formation 8-car formation. From December 2002, 12, it will be operated in J formation 1-car formation.
    14. ^ According to the announcement by JR East on March 2017, 3, it is already possible to use mobile phones between Omiya Station-Takasaki Station and Nagaoka Station-Niigata Station, which have no tunnel.[Press 29].
    15. ^ From the perspective that the word "new" is used, Niigata Station is applicable.The tentative name at the time of construction of Honjo Waseda Station was "Shin Honjo Station".

    Source

    1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yoshio Ishida 1994, p. 22757.
    2. ^ a b Shuzo Kitagawa 2010, pp. 122–127.
    3. ^ Shunji Takatsu & Mitsuru Doi 2008, p. 145.
    4. ^ Number of passengers by Shinkansen station (FY2021) -East Japan Railway
    5. ^ a b East Japan Railway Company website
    6. ^ Supervised by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, "Railway in Numbers 2008", Transport Policy Research Organization, p.22.
    7. ^ "JR East / Private Railway / Subway "Connecting Station" for Suica commuter pass”. East Japan Railway Company. 2021/11/9Browse.
    8. ^ The number of trains at Gala Yuzawa Station has decreased. With the abolition of the "shuttle train", it will not come for 6 hours! --Tabilis (November 2017, 11)
    9. ^ "E3 series 700 series "GENBI SHINKANSEN" goes to Niigata Shinkansen vehicle center". Railfan railf.jpKoyusha (October 2016, 1). 2016/2/18Browse.
    10. ^ a b ""Genbi Shinkansen" starts commercial operation". Railfan railf.jpKoyusha (October 2016, 4). 2016/5/1Browse.
    11. ^ "October 2019, 10, about fare / charge revision due to consumption tax increase”. East Japan Railway Company. 2019/12/7Browse.
    12. ^ Ji Kamada 2018, p. 28.
    13. ^ Kuninobu Ikegami & Soujiro Kai 1982, p. 14361.
    14. ^ Toshio Kutomi 1982, p. 14371.
    15. ^ a b Jiro Nagoshi 1983, p. 14761.
    16. ^ Yasuo Ito & Yoshinori Yamada 1985, p. 16349.
    17. ^ Toshio Kutomi 1982, p. 14372.
    18. ^ Yasuo Ito & Yoshinori Yamada 1985, p. 16348.
    19. ^ Toshio Kutomi 1982, p. 14372-14373.
    20. ^ a b Mari Ogasawara 1982, p. 14396.
    21. ^ Yutaka Nakamura 1996, p. 5.
    22. ^ Arata Sato, Masahiko Samizo & Shunroku Yamamoto 2017, p. 1058.
    23. ^ Arata Sato, Masahiko Samizo & Shunroku Yamamoto 2017, p. 1059.
    24. ^ Takayuki Kajitani, Hiroyuki Kato & Koji Asano 2009, p. 29.
    25. ^ Masayuki Nishida 1970, p. 6775.
    26. ^ a b c d e Uetsuki Man 1972, p. 10.
    27. ^ a b Yoshito Nakai 1974, p. 9651.
    28. ^ Yoshito Nakai 1974, p. 9652.
    29. ^ a b c d e f Hiroyuki Yamamoto 1982, p. 14347.
    30. ^ Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation Tokyo Shinkansen Construction Bureau 1984.
    31. ^ Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation 1995 Years History Compilation Committee ed. XNUMX.
    32. ^ Yuji Segawa 1979, p. 12850.
    33. ^ The reason why the "Keiyo Line Home" at Tokyo Station is so far away --Toyo Keizai ONLINE ・ May 2018, 5
    34. ^ Tetsuo Hanya 1982, p. 14345.
    35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Toshio Iwata & Kazuo Takausu 1982, p. 7.
    36. ^ Tetsuo Hanya 1982, p. 14346.
    37. ^ Takashi Imai 1996, p. 75.
    38. ^ Naoto Mifune et al. 1994, p. 22774.
    39. ^ Naoto Mifune et al. 1994, p. 22776.
    40. ^ Yuichi Miyoshi ed., "Shinkansen EXPLORER Vol.11 Shinkansen Vehicle DATABOOK 200 Series", Ikaros Publications, 2009, p.21. 
    41. ^ "Meijin Retsuden Series 12 Shinkansen Asahi & Joetsu Limited Express Toki + JR East Shinkansen Train" Icarus Publishing, 2000, p. 47. 
    42. ^ Masahiko Nakai, Tetsumitsu Miura & Kenji Shindo 1991, p. 20017.
    43. ^ Takashi Imai 1996, p. 76.
    44. ^ Kokichi Otsuki et al. 1997, p. 26.
    45. ^ Susumu Inoue 1997, p. 25000.
    46. ^ Susumu Inoue 1997, p. 25001.
    47. ^ Keisuke Kubomura & Fujio Machida 2006, pp. 16, 92.
    48. ^ Toshihiko Saito 1964, p. 3505.
    49. ^ Naoto Mifune et al. 1994, p. 22769.
    50. ^ a b c d e "JR7 company 14 years history". "Traffic newspaper" (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 9. (July 2001, 4) 
    51. ^ "Railway Record Book" "RAIL FAN" Vol. 49, No. 9, Japan Railfan Club, January 2002, p. 9.
    52. ^ a b Sugawara Dai 2014, p. 38514.
    53. ^ "JR Niigata Station, conventional line elevated platform opened" Inaho "" Toki "transfer convenient". My Navi News (Mynavi). (October 2018, 4). https://news.mynavi.jp/article/20180415-niigatastation/ 2018/4/17Browse. 
    54. ^ JR East launches E7 series on Joetsu Shinkansen "Toki" "Tanigawa" 5 round trips -Mynavi News, April 2018, 12
    55. ^ "About the end of Shinkansen rail go service". East Japan Railway Company (September 2021, 8). 2021/8/23Browse.
    56. ^ July 1994, 6 "Asahi Shimbun" "Hideo Shima's World 7 Don't be a food for concession politics"
    57. ^ "Shinji Sogo" Sokichi Ariga, Shinji Sogo Denkankai, p615
    58. ^ "Usage by route (1987-2017 (every 5 years)) (PDF)”. East Japan Railway Company. As of March 2019, 3originalMore archives.2019/2/1Browse.
    59. ^ "Usage status by route (2006-2010) (PDF)”. East Japan Railway Company. As of March 2016, 7originalMore archives.2022/1/23Browse.
    60. ^ "Usage status by route (2011-2015) (PDF)”. East Japan Railway Company. As of March 2016, 7originalMore archives.2022/1/23Browse.
    61. ^ "Usage status by route (2016-2020) (PDF)”. East Japan Railway Company. As of March 2021, 7originalMore archives.2022/1/23Browse.

    Press release material

    1. ^ a b “We will work to improve the speed of the Joetsu Shinkansen (between Omiya and Niigata)” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2017, 5), originalArchived as of October 2019, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20190508080403/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2019/20190504.pdf 2019/5/8Browse. 
    2. ^ a b “About the March 2013 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2012, 12), http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2012/20121215.pdf 2014/11/2Browse. 
    3. ^ “About the March 2021 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2020, 12), originalArchived as of October 2020, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20201218071035/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/20201218_ho01.pdf 2021/3/13Browse. 
    4. ^ "Notice of additional trains in summer" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (April 2004, 6), originalArchived as of October 2004, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20040807054205/http://www.jrniigata.co.jp/information/top.htm 2015/8/4Browse. 
    5. ^ a b "Additional E5 series vehicles to the Tohoku Shinkansen! Introducing E2 series vehicles to the Joetsu Shinkansen!" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2007, 11), http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2012/20121112.pdf 2014/8/29Browse. 
    6. ^ a b “About the timetable revision in March 2019” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2018, 12), originalArchived as of October 2018, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20181214071012/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2018/20181213.pdf 2018/12/19Browse. 
    7. ^ a b “Go to Iwate / Aomori by E5 series without changing trains! We will drive the 35th anniversary issue of the Tohoku Shinkansen!” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (April 2017, 5), originalArchived as of October 2017, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20170725122603/https://www.jrniigata.co.jp/press/20170516touhoku35syunen.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    8. ^ "" GENBI SHINKANSEN Genbi Shinkansen "-Travel Art Cafe Shinkansen, a new sightseeing train to enjoy the Niigata area will debut-" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2015, 3), originalArchived as of October 2015, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20150303115044/http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2014/20150303.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    9. ^ "" GENBI SHINKANSEN Genbi Shinkansen "-Travel Art Cafe Shinkansen will be on sale soon-" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2016, 2), originalArchived as of October 2016, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20160413075141/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2015/20160214.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    10. ^ a b c "Notice of the end of service of the world's fastest art appreciation" Genbi Shinkansen "" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (April 2020, 7), originalArchived as of October 2020, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20200728013056/https://www.jrniigata.co.jp/press/20200727gennbisinnkannsenn.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    11. ^ a b c "Temporary train for travel products of" Genbi Shinkansen Last Run "!" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (April 2020, 9), originalArchived as of October 2020, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20200911103107/https://www.jrniigata.co.jp/press/20200911genbirinji.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    12. ^ a b “About the March 2021 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (February 2020, 12), p. 18, originalArchived as of October 2020, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20201218071035/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/20201218_ho01.pdf 2020/12/26Browse. 
    13. ^ a b “About the March 2021 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Passenger Railway Omiya Branch, (December 2020, 12), p. 18, originalArchived as of October 2020, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20201218080102/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/omiya/20201218_o01.pdf 2020/12/18Browse. 
    14. ^ a b “About the March 2021 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Takasaki Branch, (December 2020, 12), p. 18, originalArchived as of October 2020, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20201218080017/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/takasaki/20201218_ta01.pdf 2020/12/18Browse. 
    15. ^ a b “About the March 2021 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (December 2020, 12), p. 18, originalArchived as of October 2020, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20201218080121/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/niigata/20201218_ni01.pdf 2020/12/18Browse. 
    16. ^ a b “About the March 2015 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2014, 12), originalArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141219052143/http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2014/20141222.pdf 2014/12/19Browse. 
    17. ^ a b “About the March 2015 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Takasaki Branch, (November 2014, 12), originalArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141220102421/https://www.jreast.co.jp/takasaki/news/docs/20141219_2.pdf 2014/12/19Browse. 
    18. ^ a b “About the March 2015 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Nagano Branch, (November 2014, 12), originalArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141219124533/https://www.jreast.co.jp/nagano/pdf/141219-2.pdf 2014/12/19Browse. 
    19. ^ a b “About the March 2015 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (April 2014, 12), originalArchived as of October 2015, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20150402132049/https://www.jrniigata.co.jp/2015.3daiyakaisei2.pdf 2014/12/19Browse. 
    20. ^ "About the response during the" 2002 FIFA World Cup "tournament" (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (April 2002, 4), https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2002_1/20020404/data_01.html 2016/2/23Browse. 
    21. ^ “About the upper limit of special express train charges” (Press release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (November 2003, 12), originalArchived as of October 2004, 11., https://warp.da.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/283156/www.mlit.go.jp/kisha/kisha03/08/081215_2_.html 2015/2/3Browse. 
    22. ^ “About the March 2012 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2011, 12), http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2011/20111211.pdf 2014/9/10Browse. 
    23. ^ “About the March 2012 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2012, 7), http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2012/20120708.pdf 2014/12/1Browse. 
    24. ^ “About the March 2013 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (March 2012, 12), http://www.jrniigata.co.jp/press/201212212013daiyakaisei.pdf 2014/12/1Browse. 
    25. ^ "200 Series Shinkansen Finally Last Run !!" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (January 2013, 2), http://www.jrniigata.co.jp/view/page/images/743.pdf 2015/2/3Browse. 
    26. ^ a b "Regarding the designation of the owner-owned business entity based on the provisions of Article 15, Paragraph 1 of the National Shinkansen Railway Development Law" (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (March 2015, 12), originalArchived as of October 2016, 1., https://warp.da.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/9765069/www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/tetsudo01_hh_000102.html 2020/11/24Browse. 
    27. ^ a b "Notice Concerning Submission of Reserve for Large-scale Renovation of Shinkansen Railway" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2016, 2), originalArchived as of October 2016, 2., https://web.archive.org/web/20160218043536/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2015/20160212.pdf 2020/11/24Browse. 
    28. ^ a b "Regarding the approval of the reserve plan for large-scale renovation of the Shinkansen railway based on the provisions of Article 16, Paragraph 1 of the National Shinkansen Railway Development Law" (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (March 2016, 3), originalArchived as of October 2016, 4., https://warp.da.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/9969171/www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/tetsudo01_hh_000104.html 2020/11/24Browse. 
    29. ^ a b "About the partial start of mobile phone services on the Shinkansen" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2017, 3), originalArchived as of October 2020, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20200404063218/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2016/20170309.pdf 2020/4/4Browse. 
    30. ^ "About the partial start of mobile phone services on the Shinkansen" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2017, 9), originalArchived as of October 2020, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20200404063845/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2017/20170916.pdf 2020/4/4Browse. 
    31. ^ "We will drive the 35th anniversary issue of the Joetsu Shinkansen, which goes by EXNUMX series!" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (March 2017, 8), http://www.jrniigata.co.jp/press/20170831jyouetushinkansen35.pdf 2017/9/2Browse. 
    32. ^ “About the March 2018 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2017, 12), originalArchived as of October 2017, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20171215060503/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2017/20171213.pdf 2018/1/17Browse. 
    33. ^ "About the partial start of mobile phone services on the Shinkansen" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2019, 3), originalArchived as of October 2020, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20200404064508/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2018/20190316.pdf 2020/4/4Browse. 
    34. ^ “About organizational revision” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (February 2019, 2), Original Archives as of February 5, 2019., https://web.archive.org/web/20190205051413/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2018/20190203.pdf 2019/2/5Browse. 
    35. ^ “Partial start of in-tunnel mobile phone service on the Shinkansen” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2020, 3), originalArchived as of October 2020, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20200404064835/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2019/20200323_ho01.pdf 2020/4/4Browse. 
    36. ^ "Mobile phone services will be available on all Tohoku, Joetsu, and Hokuriku Shinkansen lines." (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2020, 6), originalArchived as of October 2020, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20200609050704/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/20200609_ho01.pdf 2020/6/9Browse. 
    37. ^ "October 10 Joetsu Shinkansen" E1 Series Max formation "regular operation last run!" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company Niigata Branch, (November 2021, 6), originalArchived as of October 2021, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20210618053429/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2021/niigata/20210618_ni01.pdf 2021/6/18Browse. 
    38. ^ "About the introduction of new cars to the Joetsu Shinkansen" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2017, 4), originalArchived as of October 2017, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20170404080814/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2017/20170402.pdf 2017/4/4Browse. 
    39. ^ “About the 2020 fixed investment plan” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (October 2020, 9), https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2020/20200916_ho02.pdf 2020/10/13Browse. 
    40. ^ a b “The time required will be shortened by increasing the speed of the Joetsu Shinkansen” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (September 2022, 6), originalArchived as of October 2022, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20220607055158/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2022/20220607_ho03.pdf 2022/6/7Browse. I
    41. ^ "Introduction of new train line equipment on the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen" (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (December 2020, 1), originalArchived as of October 2020, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20200304091550/https://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2019/20200121_ho02.pdf 2020/8/24Browse. 

    newspaper article

    1. ^ a b c d e "JR6 company revised autumn timetable". Traffic newspaper (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 1. (July 1997, 7) 
    2. ^ "JR East GALA Yuzawa Ski Resort". Traffic newspaper (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 4. (July 1990, 12) 
    3. ^ “December 12 timetable revision faster and more convenient JR East”. Traffic newspaper (Kotsu Shimbunsha): p. 1. (July 1998, 9) 
    4. ^ Niigata) E7 series, Joetsu Shinkansen debut vehicle Toki Inaho - Asahi Shimbun digital, August 2019, 3
    5. ^ "JR East Group Challenges Shinkansen Logistics for Freshly Caught Fresh Fish to Tokyo"Nikkei BusinessElectronic version (January 2019, 6) Retrieved November 12, 2020

    References

    Book

    • Shuzo Kitagawa "Joetsu Shinkansen Monogatari 1979" (1st printing)Kotsu Shimbun, August 2010, 6.ISBN 978-4-330-14510-5. 
    • Keisuke Kubomura, Fujio Machida "Looking back on the giant earthquake and the high-speed railway Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake"Izumi Nisugi Supervision,Sankaido, February 2006.ISBN 4-381-01824-9. 
    • Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation 1995 Years History Compilation Committee, "Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation 3 Years History" Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation, March XNUMX. NCID BN12855260. 

    Construction magazine

    • Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation Tokyo Shinkansen Construction Bureau ed. "Joetsu Shinkansen Construction Magazine Omiya-Niigata" Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation Tokyo Shinkansen Construction Bureau, March 1984. NCID BN01600020. 

    Magazine articles

    • Kuninobu Ikegami, Soujiro Kai "Orbital Structure" "JREA" Vol. 22, No. 6,Japan Railway Technical Association, November 1982, pp. 6-14361, ISSN 04472322.
    • Yoshio Ishida "Latest Technology and Future Plans for the Shinkansen-Trends in the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen-", JREA, Vol. 37, No. 10, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, October 1994, pp. 10-22757, ISSN 04472322.
    • Yasuo Ito, Yoshinori Yamada "Overview of Snow Countermeasure Equipment for the Joetsu Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 28, No. 11, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, November 1985, pp. 11-16348, ISSN 04472322.
    • Susumu Inoue "Transportation Plan for the Nagano Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 40, No. 11, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, November 1997, pp. 11-24998, NOT 10002170489.
    • Takashi Imai, "Establishment and History of Shinkansen Railway Ownership Organization," "Management Shibayashi," Vol. 33, No. 3, Hosei University Business Association, October 1996, pp. 10-69, NOT 110000063024.
    • Toshio Iwata, Kazuo Takausu "Retrospective of construction technology for Joetsu Shinkansen construction"Mechanization of Construction," Vol. 393,Japan Construction Mechanization Association, November 1982, pp. 11-7, NOT 40001088435.
    • Uetsuki Man "Construction plan for Joetsu Shinkansen"Mechanization of Construction," Vol. 266,Japan Construction Mechanization Association, November 1972, pp. 11-10, NOT 40017727920.
    • Kokichi Otsuki, Kazutaka Eda, Toshihide Uchimura, Sumiyuki Okazaki, Tetsuzo Imakawa, Koichi Kawaguchi "Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen's new integrated Shinkansen system "COSMOS" (PDF) "Hitachi Criticism," Vol. 79, No. 2, Hitachi Criticism, February 1997, pp. 2-25, NOT 40003253241.
    • Mari Ogasawara "Earthquake Countermeasures" "JREA" Vol. 25, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 1982, pp. 6-14396, ISSN 04472322.
    • Yasushi Kajitani, Hiroyuki Kato, Koji Asano "Development of vehicle deviation prevention L-shaped guide (PDF) "JR East Technical review" Vol. 29, East Japan Railway Company, General Planning Headquarters, Technical Planning Department, 2009, pp. 27-30, NOT 40016914393.
    • Shoji Kato, Katsumi Ise, Toshinari Watanabe "Railway Damage and Restoration Work Due to the Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake," JREA, Vol. 48, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 2005, pp. 6-30910, NOT 10015666573.
    • Satoru Kamada, Yoshihiro Nakao "Construction Plan for Ueno Station on the Tohoku Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 21, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 1978, pp. 6-12060, ISSN 04472322.
    • Ji Kamada "Shinkansen viaduct structure in snowy areas (PDF) "RRR" Vol. 75, No. 12,Railway Technical Research Institute, November 2018, pp. 12-28, ISSN 09137009.
    • Tadashi Kikuchi "National Shinkansen Network Plan Connecting the Japanese Islands" "JREA" Vol. 16, No. 1, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, January 1973, pp. 1-9171, ISSN 04472322.
    • Toshio Kutomi "Mechanical Equipment" "JREA" Vol. 25, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 1982, pp. 6-14371, ISSN 04472322.
    • Toshihiko Saito "Inauguration of Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation" "JREA" Vol. 7, No. 7, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, July 1964, pp. 7-3505, ISSN 04472322.
    • Shinji Sato, Masahiko Samizo, Shunroku Yamamoto "Early Earthquake Disaster Prevention System for Shinkansen", "Journal of Precision Engineering", Vol. 88, No. 12,Precision Engineering Society, November 2017, pp. 12-1058, two:10.2493 / jjspe.83.1058.
    • Dai Sugawara "Overview of the March 2014 Timetable Revision (Shinkansen)" "JREA" Vol. 3, No. 57, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, April 4, pp. 2014-4, NOT 40020046226.
    • Yuji Segawa, "Design of the Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen," JREA, Vol. 22, No. 11, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, November 1979, pp. 11-12850, ISSN 04472322.
    • Shunji Takatsu, Mitsuru Doi "Japanese High-Speed ​​Rail: Its Trajectory and Future Prospects" "Railway pictorial』Vol. 58, No. 2,Electric Vehicle Study Group, November 2008, pp. 2-142, NOT 40015748291.
    • Yoshito Nakai "Construction of the National Shinkansen Railway Network" "JREA" Vol. 17, No. 1, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, January 1974, pp. 1-9650, ISSN 04472322.
    • Yutaka Nakamura "Research on Comprehensive Earthquake Disaster Prevention System" "JSCE Proceedings" Vol. 1996, No. 531Japan Society of Civil Engineers, November 1996, pp. 1-1, two:10.2208 / jscej.1996.531_1.  
    • Jiro Nagoshi "Snow Damage Countermeasure Equipment for the Joetsu Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 26, No. 2, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, February 1983, pp. 2-14759, ISSN 04472322.
    • Masayuki Nishida "Shinkansen Network Plan" "JREA" Vol. 13, No. 4, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, April 1970, pp. 4-6775, ISSN 04472322.
    • Tetsuo Hanya "Temporary Opening of Tohoku Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 25, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 1982, pp. 6-14345, ISSN 04472322.
    • Naoto Mifune, Toru Yukawa, Takashi Yoshida, Akira Igarashi "30 Years of the Shinkansen" "JREA" Vol. 37, No. 10, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, October 1994, pp. 10-22768, ISSN 04472322.
    • Hiroyuki Yamamoto "Design" "JREA" Vol. 22, No. 6, Japan Railway Engineers' Association, June 1982, pp. 6-14347, ISSN 04472322.

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