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🧳 | Indonesia abolishes PCR test before travel


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Indonesia abolishes PCR test before travel

 
If you write the contents roughly
A diplomatic / official vaccination holder who accompanies a ministerial or higher visit, a person under the age of 18, a person who presents a recovery certificate for the new coronavirus, and a medical certificate stating that vaccination is not possible due to health reasons. Is exempt from the obligation to present a vaccination certificate.
 

The Indonesian government has removed the obligation to present a negative certificate for the PCR test of the new coronavirus at the time of entry from May 5th ... → Continue reading

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Inoculation certificate

Inoculation certificate(Sesshushomeisho) is a specificInfectionAgainstantibodyCertificate certifying that you are holding[1].Immune passport,Vaccine passportIt is also said.

See belowNegative certificateAt the same time, it is mainly required when traveling to other countries.

Overview

Certificates that correspond to inoculation certificates have been around for a long time, and there are records that they already existed in the 18th century.In the international framework(English editionbased onyellow cardHas been used.Since it can be proved that the patient does not get an infectious disease by retaining the antibody, the holder of the vaccination certificate can move freely.[1]..Especially worldwideNew coronavirusSince the epidemic, it has started to attract attention[2].

Task

measlesUnlike infectious diseases in which the antibody is maintained once it is affected, for infectious diseases in which the efficacy of the antibody disappears, not only is it ineffective but also has an adverse effect unless an appropriate expiration date is set. ..Antibody testThe accuracy of is not perfect, and it is said that the possibility of false positives and false negatives cannot be ruled out.[1][3]..It has also been pointed out that the number of inspections required is an unrealizable number, leading to a division of society.[3].

The need for international standardization, privacy protection, and counterfeit prevention are stated in the 2021 issues announced by the Royal Society of the United Kingdom on February 2, 19.To solve this problem, a Geneva-based international standardization body for ITEcma InternationalAnnounced international standardization in March.Already an international standard (ISO / IEC 24643: 2020), ECMA-417 was revised in August 2021 and the third edition was published, and an example of application to vaccine passports was added to Annex B.[4]..According to this standard, forged certificates can be found in real time and personal information can be protected, but the implementation, operation, management, etc. of the system are outside the framework of this standard.[5].

Negative certificate of new coronavirus

Since the epidemic of the new coronavirus, it has become virtually impossible to travel abroad (entering from other countries) in almost all countries, and in some exceptional cases, at the time of entry.PCR testNegative certificate is now required.

For entry into Japan, it is necessary to show a PCR test certificate within 72 hours before leaving the country.[6].

New Coronavirus Vaccination Certificate

As of June 2021, 7,Italy,Austria,Turkey,Bulgaria,Poland, South KoreaFor overseas travel issued by Japanese municipalitiesNew corona vaccineInoculation certificate can be used[7].

In Japan, from July 7th, acceptance of grant applications began at each municipality.[8].

Japan Airlines has been provided by Daon of the United States since October 21American airlines,British Airways,Iberian airlines, な ら び にAeringusStarted operation of the digital certificate application "VeriFLY" already used by[9]..Prior to this, in April 21, the Commons Project, a non-profit organization in Switzerland, is promoting in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.The common pass verifies whether the test results issued by the medical institution meet the immigration standards of the host country, and the test results are digitally certified as "common pass".IATA (International Air Transport Association)The "IATA Travel Pass," which is being promoted by 23 airlines around the world and participating in efforts toward commercialization, is also conducting demonstration tests on commercial flights.[10].

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