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    personal number

    Comparison of personal number and corporate number
    personal numberCorporate number
    Designated institutionMayorCommissioner of the National Tax Agency
    Target to be designatedResidents of municipalities (individuals)National institutions / corporations / organizations
    Number of digits12 digits13 digits
    Scope of useLimited to social security, taxes, disaster countermeasures, etc.自由
    DisclosureProhibition of disclosure outside the scope of useFull disclosure

    personal number(Kojinbangou) is an individual identification number.JapanAtLaw concerning the use of numbers to identify specific individuals in administrative procedures(Numbering system[1]) ”, EachMunicipalityからresidentsIt is a 12-digit number specified in.Popular nameIs "My number(British : My number).

    The personal number is a 12-digit number assigned by the mayor of the municipality to a person who has a resident card. It efficiently manages information in the three fields of social security, tax, and disaster countermeasures, and is owned by multiple institutions. It is used to confirm that personal information is the same person's information.My number alone cannot be abused because it is the password set by the owner.for that reason,Only the number of my numberIs not abused just by being known[2].. From October 2015, 10, the designation of personal numbers began,2016/From January, the use of personal numbers in administrative procedures began.The Juki Net, which is a nationwide network of basic resident registries, was convenient for local government employees and residents to check information as different people even within the same surname, same name, same age, and municipality. Based on that, the system is closer to the identification number of other countries, although it has limited use such as social security and taxes.[3].

    For corporations and groups, based on the numbering method instead of individual numbersCorporate numberIs specified[4].. There are no restrictions on the purpose of use of the corporate number.

    Name

    "Individual number" is the official name, and "My number" is a common name. As of October 2015 (Heisei 27)Japanese GovernmentHolds the trademark right of "My Number"[5].

    Personal number andCorporate numberA system that uses tax collection, social security, etc.Social security / tax number system[6],My number system[6], ま た はCommon number system[7]It is stipulated in the numbering method.Also called "MN" by taking the first letter of the letter[8].

    History of name determination

    At the stage of studying the number system, numbers were called "national IDs" or "common numbers." At that time, the name "My Number" wasNTT GroupWas used as a trademark of "Hikari Denwa Additional Number Service". It is still in use as of 2020.

    The Government of Japan solicited names for "common numbers" from February to March 2011.[9].. After selection from 807 applications, the name of "Common Number" was decided to be "My Number", the Numbering System Establishment Promotion Headquarters announced on June 2011, 23 (Heisei 6).[10][11][12].

    These "common number" and "my number" have come to be expressed as "individual number" at the stage of considering the bill.[13].. And since the term "personal number" was used in the law, this became the official name.

    Foreign language translation

    Personal number isResident cardhaveForeigners living in JapanBecause it is also specifiedJapanese Government TheJapaneseBesides, 26言语Provides information about personal numbers at.

    Target of numbering

    It is the municipalities of Japan that receive the designation of the individual number.Resident cardAre all residents (individuals)[14].. This is the Japanese people[15]And foreigners[16]Both are included.

    Japanese people

    Japanese nationalityOf these, those who are not subject to the designation of personal numbers have never been designated as Japanese municipalities since October 2015, 27.Resident cardNever recorded inJapanese overseas(Continued to live overseas from the same day before, or was born overseas after the same day and lives overseas as it is). In this case, return to Japan and go to one of the cities, wards, towns and villages in Japan.Transference notificationWhen you issue, you will be asked to specify your personal number.

    Also, among the Japanese people, "Family register law"Persons who are not subject to the application of" are not subject to the designation of personal number even if they live in Japan.[17][18].Emperor-royalCorresponds to this.

    Foreigner

    Corresponds to one of the following four typesForeigners living in JapanReceives a personal number designation[19].

    Among foreigners who have an address in Japan, stay with a status of residence of "diplomatic"Foreign government embassies and consulates in JapanWork forAmbassador of Extraordinary Plenipotentiary,Envoy,DiplomatAnd their family members, staying with a "public" status of residenceUS Army in JapanMilitary personnel and their families are not subject to the designation of personal numbers.[20].

    Number composition

    Composition of personal number
    Of personal numbernDigit (12th digit at the beginning)
    121110987654321
    Resident's card code11 digits generated fromInspection numbers

    The personal number is 12 digits. On the contraryResident's card codeIs 11 digits,Corporate numberIs 13 digits, so the individual number, resident's card code, and corporate number can be distinguished by the number of digits.

    In the middle of the 12-digit personal number,hyphen(-) Andcomma(,) AndspaceThere is no rule to put ().Personal number cardThen, it is printed with a space every 1234 digits like "5678 9012 4".[21].. In addition, the entry frame for tax returns is also separated by 4 digits.[22].

    Of the 12 digits of the personal number, the 11 digits on the left are recorded on the resident's card.Resident's card codeIs the number obtained by the conversion of[23].. Regarding the reason why the resident card code itself is not used as an individual numberCabinet Secretariat"The" resident's card code "was not originally supposed to be used like this time, and it will be necessary to make major changes to its operation.Public commentThe majority opinion was "use of new numbers", etc. "[24]It explains. The conversion formula for converting the 11-digit resident card code to the 11-digit number in the personal number has not been released. It is not possible to restore the original resident card code from the personal number[25].

    The last digit of the personal number isInspection numbersIs[23], Calculated based on the 11 digits on the left. How to calculate the inspection number from the 11 digits on the left is open to the public[26][27].

    Each person's personal number is different from anyone else's personal number[25]..The personal number does not change due to marriage, moving, etc.Also, by confirming the absence of parent-child relationship in the judiciaryFamily registerConditioning andEnrollmentBut the personal number does not change.

    Personal numberInformation leakageThen, only when there is a risk of unauthorized use, the old number can be abolished and a new personal number can be specified.[28].. The resident's card code can be changed at the request of the person, not only when there is a risk of unauthorized use.[29], Change of resident's card code and change of personal number do not affect each other.

    Personal number and personal attributes (Name-Address-Permanent Address-Sex-Date of BirthEtc.) has nothing to do with.Therefore, the analysis of the personal number does not reveal the attributes of the owner, and the personal number is not inferred based on the address, gender, date of birth, or the like.In this regard, it is composed based on the registered domicile, gender, date of birth, etc.People's Republic of ChinaInCitizen identification number,South KoreaResident registration card inResident Registration NumberIs different from.

    How to specify the number

    No personal procedure (application, etc.) is required to receive the designation of the individual number. The mayor of the municipality will specify and notify the individual number.Basic Resident Register(Resident card) Ex officio based on the record.

    The same personal number must not be specified more than once for more than one person. Therefore, the number specified for each person is generated all over Japan.Prefectures・ Jointly operated by municipalitiesLocal Government Information Systems Organization(J-LIS) is in charge. Specifically, from the terminal of the municipalityResident's card codeOf J-LISComputer systemSend online to J-LISserverIs the number corresponding to the resident's card codeComputerDetermined by and reply to the computer terminal of the municipality[30][31][32].. The municipality designates the number received from the J-LIS system as the individual number of the resident and notifies the resident.[14].

    Therefore, the inhabitant himself or the staff of the municipality cannot arbitrarily select the number to be the individual number of the inhabitant.Personal number isInformation leakageIf there is a risk of unauthorized use, the personal number will be changed at the request of the resident or by the authority of the mayor of the municipality.[28]In this case as well, the new personal number is randomly determined by the J-LIS server, and there is no choice for J-LIS staff, residents, or the person in charge of the municipality.

    How to find the number

    My number

    Your personal number is listed in the following four types.

    • Before May 2020, 2 (Reiwa 5),Resident card"Notification card" sent to the head of household from a certain municipality[14]
    • "Individual Number Notification" sent from the municipality with the resident card after May 2020, 2 (Reiwa 5)[33]
    • "Individual Number Card" issued in exchange for "Notification Card" at the request of the person[34]
    • Copy of resident's card with personal number[35]

    The personal number can also be known by using the "retained personal information disclosure request system".[Source required][36]

    Another person's number

    Tax (Tax withholding), If the personal number of another person is required for office work related to social security and disaster countermeasures, the purpose of use can be clearly stated and the personal number can be provided by the person or someone other than the person.[37].. Collecting the personal numbers of people in the same household as you may not be a stranger.[38].

    Those who can collect

    Article XNUMX Any person means a person other than another person (a person who belongs to the same household as himself / herself), except when he / she falls under any of the items of Article XNUMX and can receive the provision of specific personal information. The same shall apply in Article XNUMX), but the personal number shall not be requested.

    Article XNUMX No person shall collect or store specific personal information (limited to those including the personal number of another person) except in the case of any of the items of the preceding article.

    It is forbidden to give your personal number to others, ask others to disclose your personal number, or collect your personal number except when it is decided (even with the consent of the owner of the number). Impossible)[39].

    The person who implements the personal number use office work, etc. may request the person or another person who implements the personal number use office work, etc. to provide the personal number when it is necessary to process the personal number use office work, etc. (14th) Article).

    Person implementer of personal number use office work (Article 14)
    Personal number use office work
    Persons who handle other administrative affairs such as administrative agencies, local public bodies, incorporated administrative agencies, etc.
    Personal number related office work
    According to the provisions of Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX (the person or his / her agent provides the person who implements the personal number use office work, etc. with specific personal information including the individual number of the person concerned), another person's personal number use office work is performed. Office work performed using the personal number to the extent necessary
    • For example, an employer submits to the tax officeLegal recordAsk for a number to list the employer's personal number

    How to verify your identity

    Identity verification when receiving personal number (Article 16 of the Law, Article 12 of the Enforcement Ordinance)
    Kojinbango card omote.jpg
    Personal number card
    OrPersonal number have been describedA copy of the resident's card
    +
    Menkyo taka-0905.jpg
    Official ID with photo
    (Driving license, passport, etc.)

    Article XNUMX When an individual number utilization office worker, etc. receives an individual number provided by the person pursuant to the provisions of Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX, he / she must be presented with an individual number card by the person who provides the individual number and other matters. The measures specified by Cabinet Order must be taken as measures to confirm the identity of the person.

    To others using their personal numberImpersonateIn order to prevent this, when collecting the number from the owner of the personal number, there are two types, "identification" with a face photo ID card and "number confirmation" with a notification card or personal number card.Identificationis necessary[40][41][42].

    Use of numbers

    How to Use

    The following are examples where the personal number is required to be provided. In addition, although an individual number is required in principle, there are cases where it is possible to proceed with the procedure without mentioning it, and there are cases where it is possible to omit the attached documents by entering the personal number. Exists.

    Information provision network system (minor portal)

    The information provision network system (minor portal) is My NumberPortal siteSo, the trial started on July 2017, 29 (Heisei 7), and the actual operation from November 18, 2017 (Heisei 29)[56]Has started.

    For the contents available on the minor portal, refer to the following.

    • Self-information display.
    • Notification of available administrative services.
    • Payment of taxes etc.
    • Receipt of various documents.
    • The latest information display at the time of login. (There is also push notification)
    • Change the password registered when receiving the Individual Number Card. (There are three types of changes: user certification digital certificate, signature digital certificate, and ticket entry assistance) (The changed password itself is not registered in the IC chip of the Individual Number Card[Source required]

    Scope of use

    The scope of use is defined as Appendix XNUMX below in Article XNUMX.

    Effect

    Japanese GovernmentExplains that the introduction of an individual number (social security / tax number system) has the following effects.[58].

    • "It will be possible to grasp income more accurately and to make social security and tax benefits and burdens fair."
    • "The efficiency of various administrative affairs related to social security and taxes will be improved."
    • "Using IT will improve the convenience of the people, such as eliminating the need for attached documents."

    The following specific effects have also been pointed out.

    • With the enforcement of the Numbering Law, local governments (prefectural governors, etc.) have become able to grasp the actual status of receiving livelihood protection from My Number.As a result, it has become difficult to illegally receive welfare protection, such as "receiving multiple payments from multiple local governments."
    • When government officials investigate deposits and savings and assets such as livelihood protection and tax examinations before the enforcement of the numbering law, they have traditionally been based on address, name, age, and gender.Basic 4 informationHowever, with the enforcement of the Numbering Law, it has become possible to verify the identity by personal number according to the conventional basic 4 information.It is thought that this will reduce the number of cases where identity verification cannot be performed due to address changes due to moving.[59].
    • If you are hit by a catastrophic disaster such as a flood and your passbook or cash card is lost, your financial institution goes bankrupt, or if you need to pay benefits to all the people due to a plague or economic crisis. It has been pointed out that if personal numbers are linked to all deposit and savings accounts, it will be possible to smoothly refund deposits and savings and to promptly pay benefits.[59]..However, the numbering of personal numbers to deposit and savings accounts is optional as of November 2020.

    Number notification

    Personal number notice

    After May 2020, 2 (Reiwa 5), the notification of the personal number from the municipality to the residents will be "Personal number noticeIs done by. Unlike the "Notification Card" described later, the Individual Number Notification Form does not correspond to a document certifying the Individual Number.[33].

    If you lose your "Individual Number Notification", it will not be reissued.[33].

    Notification card

    From the municipality until May 2020, 2 (Reiwa 5)residentsNotification of personal number toNotification cardWas done by sending[14][60].. Even after the completion of new issuance or reissuance, the existing notification card can be used as a document certifying the individual number as long as the items on the face of the card are not changed.[33].. In addition, it is still possible to apply for an Individual Number Card.[33].

    This notification card must be returned to the municipality when the "Individual Number Card" is issued.[33].

    Notification cardDriver's license,Cash cardWith paper of the same size as[61][62], To prevent counterfeitingNational Printing BureauPrinted透 か しEnter[63].. Forging a notification cardPlow paper manufacturing control lawYou will be punished for the violation.

    Personal number, name, address, gender, date of birth, etc. are printed on the front side of the notification card.[61].. The notification card has an ID photo of the owner andResident's card codeWill not be posted and IC chips will not be included. Unlike the "Individual Number Card" described later, the notification card does not have a predetermined expiration date. Also, unlike the Individual Number Card, it cannot be used as an ID card.

    In 2016, the notification card,Resident cardTo the address listed inJapan Post OfSimple registered mailHowever, there was a situation where the notification card was returned to the government office because there was no place to ask or the recipient did not pick it up, and the city, ward, town, or village that shipped it had a hard time storing the notification card.[64]. Also,Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAt that time, the storage period of the notification card was not clarified, so as of October 28, about 10 million mails did not reach the sender, and the notification card was discarded due to reasons such as no storage location.Local governmentAlso came out[65].

    Personal number card

    Personal number cardIs an IC card created for the desired residents, and the issuance fee is free for the time being.[66].. When receiving an Individual Number Card, "Notification Card" or "Notification Card"Basic Resident Register cardIf you have been issued, you need to return it to the municipality.[33].Basic Resident Register cardIt is the successor to the official, including documents certifying the individual number.IdentificationIt can also be used as an IC card that can receive various administrative and private services.[34].. Popular nameMy number card[34].

    The Individual Number Card is a plastic card that is the same size as a driver's license, cash card, etc. (ISO / IEC 7810 (ID-1 standard)[67]..On the front side of the Individual Number Card, the name, address, date of birth, gender, expiration date of the card, etc. are printed, and a photo of the person's face is posted.The personal number, name, and date of birth are printed on the back side.

    Personal number cardPrepaid CardIn addition to the items stated on the face of the card, the IC chip embedded in the card hasResident's card codeIs recorded[68][69].. Like the basic resident register card, it can be used as an IC chipPublic personal identification serviceDigital certificate can be recorded[70].. A 4-digit PIN is set to read the IC chip record.[71].

    Individual Number Card has an expiration date[72].. For Japanese nationals over 20 years old, the validity period is until the 10th birthday after issuance.[73].

    Comparison of personal number notification, notification card, personal number card
     Personal number noticeNotification cardPersonal number card
    OwnerWhat is registered in the resident's cardPersonal number card
    Other than the holder
    Applicant
    Delivery methodResident cardTo the address above
    simpleRegistered mailBy mail
    To the address on the resident card
    Mailed by simple registered mail
    At the counterIdentification・Handling
    Issuing commissionFreeFreeFree[74]
    expiration dateNone2020/5/24Until the 10th birthday after issuance (up to the 5th for minors)
    IC chipNoneNoneYes
    IdentificationEffectiveness asNoneNoneYes
    Effectiveness as a document certifying an individual numberNoneYes (identification required separately)Yes
    Record
    Be done
    情报
    personal numberYesOnly on the faceBoth face and IC
    Name
    Foreigner's common name
    Date of Birth
    AddressNone
    Sex
    Cards, etc.

    expiration date

    NoneNone
    Face photo
    Resident's card codeIC only
    Public personal authenticationCertificate
    BrailleCertificate (applicant only)
    SP codeYesYesNone

    System refurbishment

    Basic Resident Register Network SystemIs traditionalBasic 4 informationIn addition to (name, address, gender, date of birth) and resident's card code, repairs were made to manage personal numbers.[75][76].. For the operation of the personal number system in local public bodiesBasic Resident Register Network SystemIs a prerequisite.

    Basic Resident Register Network SystemIt was disconnected from the time of operationFukushimaHigashishirakawa-gunYatsuri TownTo support the individual number system, on March 2015, 27 (Heisei 3)Basic Resident Register Network SystemConnected to[77].

    History

    In Japan,Japanese GovernmentThere have been many debates in the past about using the numbers given to the people by the people in various fields of administration. However, the numbers available in the tax sector have not been realized for many years.

    Showa

    In 1970 (Showa 45), the government established the "Ministry Unified Code Research Liaison Conference" and started research on the "Ministry Unified Individual Code".[78].. At that time, it was planned to give the "Ministry Unified Personal Code" to all the people by the end of 1971 (Showa 46), but the debate disappeared.[78].. The start of the discussionBringing interbank payments around the world online at onceWas in parallel with the project to be done.

    1st Ohira Cabinet OfGovernment Tax System Investigation Committee(Takekazu OguraIn the report submitted by the chairman) in December 1978 (Showa 53),Small savings tax exemption systemIn connection with this, he introduced the opinion that "the introduction of a so-called taxpayer number system should be considered in order to properly grasp interest and dividend income," but did not reach a conclusion.[79].. In addition, in the report of the following year, it was recognized that "at this point, it is hard to say that the environment has been sufficiently prepared to introduce the taxpayer number system."[80].

    In February 1988 (Showa 63), the "Taxpayer Number Examination Subcommittee" was established in the Government Tax System Investigation Committee, and this subcommittee published a report in December of the same year.[81].. In February 1989, the "Relevant Ministries Liaison Review Meeting on the Common Number System in the Administrative Fields such as Taxes" was established, consisting of persons in charge of 2 related ministries and agencies. In 14 (Heisei 1994)Ministry of Home AffairsEstablished "Study Group on Construction of Network of Resident Recording System"[78].. This study group also examined the use of the resident card code for the taxpayer number system.[78].

    After Heisei

    August 1997 (Heisei 9),Ministry of Health and WelfareIs 10 digitsBasic pension numberWas introduced.

    1999 (Heisei 11),Obuchi CabinetSubmitted toBasic Resident Registration ActAmendment was approved[82].. With the enforcement of this revised law, from August 2002 (Heisei 14)Basic Resident Register Network SystemIs in operation, 11 digits on the resident's cardResident's card codeWas attached.

    2007Pension record problemWas discovered, and since then, discussions on the social security system have become active.

    In May 2009Aso CabinetIn the "Basic Policy for Economic and Fiscal Reform 2009" decided bySocial security number / card(Tentative name)2011/(23) Introduced in the middle of the year "[83].. However, the Aso Cabinet has not realized this.Disband the House of Representativesdid.

    Democratic PartyIs the summer of 2009 (Heisei 21)45th House of Representatives general electionHe won the victory and came to power. One of the party's election promises was to "introduce a common number system for tax and social security systems to ensure that income is known."[84].. The number system is closely related to the Democratic PartyJapan Trade Union FederationIt was the one that (Union) positioned as the most important issue.[85].

    2012 yearsThree-party agreementAtSocial Security System Reform Promotion LawWas established, and in Article 5, "Various problems caused by poor management of pension recordsAnd the early introduction of the social security number system. "

    After consideration within the government and the ruling party, 2012 (Heisei 24),Noda CabinetHas three bills related to the number system180th DietSubmitted to[86].. But this bill was the same yearDisbanded in the near futureWas abandoned by[86].

    Bill passed

    Same year46th House of Representatives general electionWas born laterFirst Abe CabinetIn 2013 (Heisei 25), four bills related to the number system183th DietSubmitted to. The content was a revision of the bill submitted by the Noda Cabinet. The bill was amended by the House of Representatives andLDP,KomeitoIn addition to the ruling party, the Democratic Party of the opposition,Japan Restoration Party,Everyone's partyIt was established in favor ofJapan Communist Party,Party of life,Social DemocratsEtc.)[87][88].

    Following the enactment of the number system-related law, the Confederation, in the name of the Secretary-General, "highly appreciates the introduction of the number system, which has been focused on as the most important issue since the formation of the Confederation, in the current Diet session." Expressed[85].Keizai Doyukai(Yasuchika HasegawaThe representative secretary-general) stated, "We welcome the passage of the My Number-related bill by the House of Councilors."[89]. Also,Japan Business Federation(Keidanren) was also in a position to seek the early realization of the numbering system.[90].

    on the other hand,Japan Federation of Bar Associations(Kenji YamagishiThe chairman) said, "Despite the fact that this bill has problems that will have a significant impact on the future of Japanese society and finances, the Diet has swiftly made a book without making a drastic review based on sufficient deliberation. The passage of the bill is extremely problematic and we strongly protest. "[91].

    Operation start

    2015/(27)10/5In, the designation of personal numbers for all residents in Japan has begun.2016/From January (28), the use of personal numbers in administrative procedures began. As of January 1, the scope of use of personal numbers is limited by law to a specific range of the three fields of tax, social security, and disaster countermeasures.[92].. However, it has been confirmed that the use of personal numbers will start in areas other than the three fields in the near future.[93].

    PR character

    My number systemMascot characterThere is "Mina-chan" as. It was selected from the public offering of the nickname "Logo mark for public relations of social security and tax number system" and was decided on August 2014, 8.The reason for selection is a name that is easy to associate with My Number, and the logo markRabbitIt is said that the friendliness of[94]..The fact that the eyes and ears are "1" indicates that my number is "one for each person", and by holding "1" in my hand, I hope that my number will be cherished. I'm full[95]..In chargeVoice actor TheYoshimi Ohara(2017)[96],Hanazawa Kana(2021)[97],Yui Ogura(2022)[98]etc.

    Related item

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    Source

    1. ^ Katsuya Uga, "Commentary on Numbering Articles" (Yuhikaku, 2014,ISBN-978 4-64113158-3
    2. ^ "How to use My Number, which the Digital Agency Director talks about, and what are your future plans? (TOKYO MX)”(Japanese). Yahoo! News. 2021/11/5Browse.
    3. ^ a b https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/kaikaku/dai6/siryou2.pdf
    4. ^ "What is a corporate number? | National Tax Agency Corporate Number Publication Site". www.houjin-bangou.nta.go.jp. 2020/6/2Browse.
    5. ^ Registered Number 5756402
    6. ^ a b My number social security / tax number system(Cabinet Secretariat, viewed October 2015, 10)
    7. ^ Topics about the common number system(Asahi Shimbun Digital, viewed October 2015, 10)
    8. ^ Weekly friday 2018 year 11 month 2 day issue
    9. ^ We are looking for the name of "common number" from the people(Numbering System Establishment Promotion Headquarters, February 2011, 2)
    10. ^ Kazuhito Ide How was the name of the common number decided to be "My Number"?(ITpro, July 2011, 7)
    11. ^ Naoko Harai Outline of number system related to social security and tax Reference April 24 issue
    12. ^ Regarding the determination of the name of "number" in the number system related to social security and tax Numbering System Establishment Promotion Headquarters June 23, 6
    13. ^ Practical Study Group on Numbering System Related to Social Security and Tax (14th)(December 2011, 12) Handouts
    14. ^ a b c d Numbering Law Article 7, Paragraph 1
    15. ^ Those who have Japanese nationality. The same applies below unless otherwise specified.
    16. ^ Those who have foreign nationality and do not have Japanese nationality. The same applies below unless otherwise specified.
    17. ^ Article 39 of the Basic Resident Registration Act
    18. ^ Article 33 of the Ordinance for Enforcement of the Basic Resident Registration Act
    19. ^ Basic Resident Register System for Foreign Residents(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, read September 2015, 10)
    20. ^ a b Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition ActArticle 19-3
    21. ^ Personal number card(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, read September 2015, 10)
    22. ^ Deduction for dependents of salaried employees for 28 (transfer) declaration(National Tax Agency, viewed October 2015, 10)
    23. ^ a b Number Law Enforcement Ordinance Article 8
    24. ^ "General remarks". Cabinet Secretariat. 2016/5/1Browse.
    25. ^ a b Numbering Law Article 8, Paragraph 2
    26. ^ “Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Providing Network System, etc. According to the Law Concerning Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures” (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 26, 85) No.) Article 5
    27. ^ However, it has been pointed out that the formula for this check digit is inadequate."No. 404 column "About check digit of my number"”. Digital Forensics Study Group. 2019/10/24Browse.
    28. ^ a b Numbering Law Article 7, Paragraph 2
    29. ^ Article 30-3 of the Basic Resident Registration Act
    30. ^ Numbering Law Article 8
    31. ^ Number Law Enforcement Ordinance Articles 7-9
    32. ^ "Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Provision Network System under the Law Concerning the Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures" (26 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 85) No.) Articles 4-6
    33. ^ a b c d e f g "Personal number notification and notification card – My Number Card General Site". www.kojinbango-card.go.jp. 2020/6/1Browse.
    34. ^ a b c "About My Number Card-My Number Card Comprehensive Site". www.kojinbango-card.go.jp. 2020/6/1Browse.
    35. ^ Basic Resident Registration Act, Article 12, Paragraph 5
    36. ^ Protection of personal information held by government agencies (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism)
    37. ^ Numbering Law Article 14, Paragraph 1
    38. ^ Numbering Law Article 15 Parentheses
    39. ^ Numbering Law Articles 15, 19 and 20
    40. ^ Numbering Law Article 16
    41. ^ Number Law Enforcement Ordinance Article 12
    42. ^ Number Act Enforcement Regulations (26 Cabinet Office / Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 3) Articles 1-17
    43. ^ When filing an electronic filing, the submitter's number confirmation documents and identity verification documents must be submitted.Public personal identification serviceIt is omitted by confirmation of.
    44. ^ Income Tax Law Enforcement Regulations Article 73, Paragraph 1, Item 1. Retired employees with salary income of 30 yen or lessSalary payment reportThe same applies to salaried employees who do not submit the tax return, except when the submission of "" is omitted (the proviso of Article 317-6, Paragraph 3 of the Local Tax Act).
    45. ^ No.7431 Scope of submission of "Payment record of remuneration, fee, contract money and prize money" and number of submissions | National Tax Agency
    46. ^ No.7441 Scope of submission of "Payment record for real estate usage fees, etc." | National Tax Agency
    47. ^ No.7442 Scope of submission of "Payment record for the transfer of real estate, etc." | National Tax Agency
    48. ^ Basic knowledge of deposit account numbering systemMy number latest information aggregation site (December 2017, 12)
    49. ^ Foreign remittance: Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
    50. ^ Request to provide my number Japan Securities Dealers Association, Viewed May 2020, 9.
    51. ^ Request to customers regarding the My Number system Life insurance association, Viewed May 2020, 9.
    52. ^ Information cooperation by the My Number system started in July 29 National Health Insurance Association, Viewed May 2020, 9.
    53. ^ Handling of personal number (my number) of long-term care insurance business (Shirakawa City)
    54. ^ Precautions regarding the introduction of My Number in welfare office work (◆ September 27, 09, Corporate Support Insurance No. 16)
    55. ^ About use of personal number in public housing procedure Chita, July 2018, 6 (viewed March 4, 2020).
    56. ^ Minor portal
    57. ^ "Correspondence to my number in Japan Pension Service" (Press Release), Japan Pension Service, (February 2017, 2), https://www.nenkin.go.jp/mynumber/kikoumynumber/1224.html 
    58. ^ Cabinet Secretariat Social Security Reform Office / Cabinet Office Minister's Secretariat Number System Office "My Number Social Security / Tax Number System Outline Material (November 26 Edition)(May 2014)
    59. ^ a b "Is it true that "secret side business", "hidden account", and "heritage" are all revealed? --- I asked the ministry in charge about "My Number System" (1)”(Japanese). My Navi News (September 2016, 1). 2020/12/3Browse.
    60. ^ Number Law Enforcement Ordinance Article 2, Paragraph 2
    61. ^ a b “Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Providing Network System, etc. According to the Law Concerning Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures” (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 26, 85) No.) Article 9
    62. ^ Notification card(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, read September 2015, 9)
    63. ^ 「通知カード及び個人番号カードに関する技術的基準」(平成27年総務省告示第314号)(平成27年9月18日官報号外第214号p. 76-81)の第2の1(1)
    64. ^ "My number notification" mountain of return "Shinjuku-ku is more than double the average 24%". Tokyo Newspaper(July 2016, 1). http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/national/list/201601/CK2016012702000118.html 2016/12/9Browse. 
    65. ^ “Notification card for non-delivery, storage period?. Yomiuri Shimbun(July 2016, 11). http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/20161128-OYT1T50045.html 2016/12/9Browse. 
    66. ^ "Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | My Number System and My Number Card | My Number Card”(Japanese). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2020/6/1Browse.
    67. ^ “Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Providing Network System, etc. According to the Law Concerning Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures” (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 26, 85) No.) Article 25
    68. ^ Numbering Law Article 2, Paragraph 7
    69. ^ “Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Providing Network System, etc. According to the Law Concerning Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures” (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 26, 85) No.) Article 17
    70. ^ "Act on Certification Business of Japan Agency for Local Authority Information Systems Related to Electronic Signatures, etc." Article 3, Paragraph 4, Article 22, Paragraph 4
    71. ^ "Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Provision Network System under the Law Concerning the Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures" (26 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 85) No.) Article 33, Paragraph 1
    72. ^ Numbering Law Article 17, Paragraph 6
    73. ^ “Ministerial Ordinance on Provision of Specific Personal Information by Notification Card and Individual Number Card and Information Providing Network System, etc. According to the Law Concerning Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures” (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 26, 85) No.) Article 26
    74. ^ "Free personal number card My number system, promote popularization(Nikkei electronic version, January 2015, 1)
    75. ^ [1]
    76. ^ "JLIS Basic Resident Register Network System”(Japanese). Local Government Information Systems Organization. 2020/6/18Browse.
    77. ^ "13 years of the Tohoku town that finally connected to the Juki network with my number and rebelled against the country". ITpro (Nikkei BP). (May 2015, 5). http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/atcl/watcher/14/334361/050100262/ 2015/5/14Browse. 
    78. ^ a b c d Introduction of taxpayer number system and taxation of financial income(Yoko Iwata, National Diet Library "Survey and Information" No. 475, 2005)
    79. ^ Tax System Investigation Committee "Report on Tax System Revision in 54" (Japan Tax Research Association)Tax system investigation committee report collection
    80. ^ Tax System Investigation Committee "Report on Tax System Revision in 55" (Japan Tax Research Association)Tax system investigation committee report collection
    81. ^ Tax System Investigation Committee "Report on Tax System Revision in XNUMX" (Japan Tax Research Association)Tax system investigation committee report collection
    82. ^ Law to partially revise the Basic Resident Registration Act (Act No. 11 of 133)
    83. ^ Advisory Council summary materials, etc. 21(Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy, viewed October 2015, 10)
    84. ^ Democratic Party Policy Manifesto 2009(Retrieved September 2015, 10)
    85. ^ a b Discourse on the enactment of the "Act on the Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures"(May 2013, 5, Hiroyuki Nagumo, Executive Director, Confederation of Japan Trade Unions)
    86. ^ a b Background to the enactment of the numbering method(Retrieved September 2015, 10)
    87. ^ Outline of examination progress of bills, etc.(House of Representatives)
    88. ^ Plenary session voting results(Council of Councilors)
    89. ^ About the enactment of the My Number related bill(May 2013, 5, Yasuchika Hasegawa, Secretary General, Japan Association of Corporate Executives)
    90. ^ Call for the early realization of a numbering system as the basis of affluent people's lives(November 2010, 11, Japan Business Federation)
    91. ^ Chairman's statement on the enactment of the "common number" bill(May 2013, 5, Kenji Yamagishi, Chairman of the Japan Federation of Bar Associations)
    92. ^ Numbering Law Article 9
    93. ^ According to Article 27 of the "Act on the Protection of Personal Information and the Act on the Use of Numbers for Identifying Specific Individuals in Administrative Procedures" (Act No. 65 of 7), financial institutions At the time of bankruptcyPayoffForName identificationPersonal number will be available.
    94. ^ "Nickname of "My Number public relations logo mark" decided”. Cabinet Secretariat. As of October 2014, 10originalMore archives.2022/3/22Browse.
    95. ^ "About the logo mark for public relations of my number”. Digital Agency. 2022/3/22Browse.
    96. ^ "Instagram of Konomi Kohara (@ konomi_kohara0628)”(May 2019, 4). 2022/3/22Browse.
    97. ^ MyNumber_PR Tweet on July 2021, 7,2022/3/22Browse.
    98. ^ Interview with Yui Ogura (YouTube). My Number System Official YouTube Video Channel. (February 2022, 2). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6J8u6yMCBU 2022/3/22Browse. 
    • Mizumachi, Masako "Commentary Numbering Law" (1st edition) Shoji Homu Co., Ltd., Nihonbashi Kayabacho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, November 2017, 11.ISBN 978-4-7857-2567-9. 

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