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🧳 | [Japan's No. 3 serialization] The size is three times that of the Vatican City!Japan's oldest reservoir in Kagawa Prefecture


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[Japan's No. 3 serialization] The area is three times that of the Vatican City!Japan's oldest reservoir in Kagawa Prefecture

 
If you write the contents roughly
Manno Pond was built as a water source along with the development of agricultural land more than 1300 years ago.
 

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Manno Pond

Manno Pond(Manno) isKagawaNakatado-gunManno TownIt is inJapan's largest OfIrrigationForReservoirIs.country'sScenic spotIs specified in.

KukaiIt is also known for its renovation, with a circumference of about 20km and a water storage capacity of 1,540 million tons.alsoManno TaroAlso called.

History

Data

Current data

  • Type: Soil dam type
  • Embankment height: 32.0m[24]
  • Embankment length: 155.8m[24]
  • Surroundings: 19.7km
  • Water storage: 15,400,000m3[24]
  • Filled area: 138.5ha[24]
  • Pond area: 142.1ha
  • Irrigation area: 3,239ha
  • Water source:Kanakura River, Doki River (Amakawa headrace)
  • Remarks: Gutter is a registered tangible cultural property

Data at the time of restoration in Konin 12 years

  • Embankment height: 22m[25]
  • Surroundings: 2 ri 25 towns (about 10.58 km)
  • Area: 81 town walk (about 81ha)
  • Water storage: 5,000,000m3Above[25]
  • Water source: Kanakura River

Data at the time of restoration in Kanei 8 years

Data at the time of each bulking work

  • 1st bulking work: Water storage capacity: 6,602,000m3[27]
  • 2st bulking work: Water storage capacity: 7,800,000m3[28]
  • 3st bulking work: Water storage capacity: 15,400,000m3[29]

Transportation

Train
Dosan LineKotohira StationorKotodenKotohira line-Kotoden Kotohira StationAbout 15 minutes by taxi
bus
From JR Kotohira Station, Kotohira Kotohira Station, get off at "Manno Park Exit" on the Miai Line (Miai, Miai-dong Onsen, Ochiai, River Depth) and walk for about 15 minutes.
(I.e.
Takamatsu ExpresswayFrom Zentsuji IC, take National Highway 319 to Kotohira, turn left at Enoi intersection,Kagawa Prefectural Road 282 Takamatsu Kotohira LineTurn right at the Shijo intersection,Kagawa Prefectural Road No. 200 Manno Zentsuji LineAbout 4 km

Event

  • Loose
Every year6MidFrom 4 cubic meters per secondAgricultural waterIs discharged,Sanuki Plain Ofrice plantingStart all at once.As a video work that contains the situation as a document,Showa 47NHKWas broadcast onNew Japan travelogue"Taro Manno-Sanuki Plain, Kagawa Prefecture-" exists.In recent years, a digitally processed version of the program was also broadcast on NHK as "Reviving New Japan Travelogue".The sound of this loosening and the murmuring of "Hotarumi Park" maintained under the embankment"The looseness and murmuring of Manno Pond"In addition to being selected as one of the 100 Soundscapes of Japan, XNUMXHandmade local prize(Creating a waterside where people gather and relax)Award.

The name of the pond

  • Initially, it was called Gono Pond because it is located in Gono Township.Heian periodinitial,Emperor SagaBy the coronation of the emperor諱It was changed to Manoike because it was the same as (Kamino prince).[30]After that, Manno Pond[31]Yamannoike[32]It was called, but in the Meiji era, Mannoike[33]It became.

Pond and environment

Biology

  • Around Manno Pond, there are red pine forests and deciduous broad-leaved forests such as oak and oak.Goshawk,High hawkIt has been confirmed that 32 species of 75 families of birds, 6 species of 12 families such as Japanese squirrel and flying squirrel inhabit.Since these habitats are important, from Kagawa PrefectureWildlife reserve(Area 321)ha)[34] .
  • Regarding fish in Manno Pond, a bluegill survey was conducted at the Kagawa Prefectural Fisheries Experimental Station from July 1983 to December 7 with the cooperation of related parties (pond licensee, pond land improvement district office, etc.). There is.Bluegill was transplanted to Kagawa Prefecture as an edible fish in 1984.[35].

Legend

  • "Old and new stories』Volume XNUMX No. XNUMX" Dragon King, a story taken for a tengu "
  • As mentioned above, Kukai was dispatched as a Tsukuike Betto and repaired it, so this was distorted and "the pond that Kukai pioneered" or "for the people who are suffering from drought Kukai, the water that springs up with a wand on the ground is a pond. It became a legend (Kobo water tradition) such as "became".It is also one of the representatives of the Kukai legend in Kagawa prefecture.
  • The above two legends are combined, "because Kukai helped the dragon that was deprived of power by the evil tengu, and Kukai laid down the evil dragon that afflicted people by manipulating the water and calling for drought). , A dragon is a servant of Kukai and protects the pond and people. "

Gallery

Around

Located on the shore of a pond, KukaiImperial courtIt was built with a more award-winning line award.
Enshrine the guardian deity of Manno Pond (Sacred God:Mizuhanome-Ame-no-homei-Another thunder life-Emperor Saga ).

footnote

  1. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  2. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  3. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  4. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  5. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  6. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  7. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  8. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  9. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  10. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  11. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  12. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  13. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  14. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  15. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  16. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  17. ^ "Nationally designated cultural property database". Agency for Cultural Affairs. 2015/9/26Browse.
  18. ^ "List of XNUMX selections of reservoirs". Ministry of Agriculture. 2015/9/26Browse.
  19. ^ "Black bass fishing tournament”. Mainichi Shimbun. As of March 2016, 11originalMore archives.2016/11/7Browse.
  20. ^ "About the contents of the monster bass hunter (bass fishing tournament)”. Manno Genki Project Manno Town, Kagawa Prefecture. As of November 2016, 11originalMore archives.2016/11/7Browse.
  21. ^ "About registration of World Heritage Irrigation Facility Heritage". Ministry of Agriculture.As of August 2016, 11originalMore archives.2015/11/10Browse.
  22. ^ October 10, 16st year of Reiwa Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Notification No. 78.
  23. ^ About designation of historic sites, etc.(Agency for Cultural Affairs press release, June 2019, 6).
  24. ^ a b c d Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, Mannoike Specifications
  25. ^ a b Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  26. ^ a b c Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  27. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  28. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  29. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  30. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  31. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  32. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  33. ^ Mannoike History, Mannoike Land Improvement Zone, published in September 2001, p. 9
  34. ^ "Kagawa Prefecture Designated Mannoike Wildlife Sanctuary October 22, 10". Kagawa. 2015/9/26Browse.
  35. ^ "Bluegill ecology in lakes and marshes in Kagawa Prefecture". Kagawa. 2016/10/10Browse.

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