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XNUMX yen bill

XNUMX yen bill(Ichiman Enshihei) isBank of Japan notesone of.The face value is 10,000 yen, which is the highest face value of all the Bank of Japan notes.billThe notation on the face of the ticket is "XNUMX million yen".

Currently mainly distributed2004 (Heisei16 years)E ticketIncludingC ticketTicket DThere are three types.Both are legally valid[1].

XNUMX yen bill,Ten thousand bills, OrXNUMX yen ticket,Ten thousand couponsIn addition to being called, it is also called Sakichi or Sakichi because of the portraits of D and E tickets.

Overview

The background of the issue isSecond World WardefeatAfterinflationByMoneyからYenThe currency units used on a daily basis are switched to, and even onceNational budgetThis is because the ten thousandth place, which was a level, has begun to appear at the commercial transaction level.1958 After the appearance of (Showa 33)High economic growthIt will play a part in.

The raw material isMitsumata(Sansho) andManila hempAmong them, Mitsumata used to be called "Mitsumata".Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau(CurrentNational Printing Bureau) Was cultivated.2005 Until (17)Shimane ,Okayama,Kochi,Tokushima,Ehime,Yamaguchi Of 6 prefecturesAgricultural cooperativeConcludes a production contract, and the local delivery price is decided by negotiations with the director of the printing bureau every year in 5 prefectures except Yamaguchi prefecture.[2]However, the production volume dropped sharply due to the subsequent depopulation, aging, and lack of successors.[3]Then,2010 From around (22)ネ パ ー ル,ChugokuImports of mitsumata produced have come to make up for the shortfall.2016 As of (28), domestic mitsumata is still in Okayama, Tokushima, and Shimane prefectures.[4]Is cultivated in.

C ticket

Series C 10K Yen Bank of Japan note-front.jpg
Series C 10K Yen Bank of Japan note-back.jpg

1958 years(Showa33 years) October 11Ministry of FinanceNotification No. 237 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note Ichi XNUMX yen issued from December XNUMXst"[5]billThe style of is defined.The main specifications are as follows[6].

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Ichi 10,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
  • 表面 Prince Shotoku
  • 裏面 Phoenix
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Size Vertical 84 mm, 174 mm wide[5]
  • Manufacturing results
  • Issuance start date 1958 [8](33)May 12[5]
  • Stop payment date 1986 (61)May 1[1]
  • Valid ticket

1953 (Showa 28)B Ichi XNUMX yen ticketIssuance policy is announced, but at that time currencyinflationThe sense of caution about the outbreak was very persistent and I had given up once[9].1955 From around (Showa 30)Shinmu businessA breakthrough calledeconomic growthContinued, and the highest face value at that timeB XNUMX yen ticketNow accounts for 85% of banknote issuance[10]..Eventually, with economic growth, the domestic economy became stable, and there was almost no concern about inflation as it used to be.XNUMX yen billWas decided to be issued[10]..Still inflationchangeAt first, we were planning to issue XNUMX yen bills first, considering that there are voices concerned about the handling of the bills, but while watching the situation, XNUMX yen bills (C XNUMX yen ticket) Will be issued in order[10].

Since the starting salary for university graduates at the time of issuance was about 1 yen, there was a debate about whether it was necessary to issue such high-value banknotes at that time, and it was difficult to handle change in industries that handle coins. I was worried about banknotes[11], FoldHigh economic growthIt was also the time when the market began, and the distribution volume increased steadily with the progress of high economic growth.

Same as B XNUMX yen ticket and C XNUMX yen ticketPortraitIs Prince Shotoku, depicted on the right side of the surface[10]..The portrait of Prince Shotoku is based on the same original picture, but the expression is slightly different because it is carved separately for each ticket type.[10]..A pair of phoenix designs are drawn on the back side with a blank area in the center.The phoenix drawn on the back isByodo-in TempleIt is a phoenix pattern drawn on a cylinder in the phoenix hall.[10]..Due to the large size of the ticket, the serial number is printed in 4 places.[10]..The manufacturing cost is 11 yen (as of 27).

透 か し TheNaraIkoma-gunIkaruga TownIt is inHoryuji templeYumedenIs the design of[10].. It is more precise and clearer than the watermark before the B ticket, and unlike the B ticket, that part is not printed, so this can be easily confirmed.[10]..Banknote paperEdgeworthiaAlthough it is made from raw materials such asWashing machineDue to the widespread use of paper, there were many events such as being accidentally put in a washing machine and damaging banknotes, so the purpose was to strengthen the paper.Urea resinIs added[12].

For B ticket, to improve manufacturing efficiencyB XNUMX yen coinThe vertical dimensions are the same except for, and only the horizontal dimensions are used as the face value increases. 8mmAlthough it was lengthened at intervals[13],C ticketThen, in order to improve the distinctiveness of the ticket type, it was changed to a format that lengthens by 4 mm in the vertical direction and 5 mm in the horizontal direction as the face value increases.[14].

The number of colors used is 10 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 6 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 5 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 3 color, 1 color of seal)[15][6]..Multicolor, a new technologyIntaglio printingIs included[10], The main pattern by intaglio printing is a two-color printing that changes color from the middle[16]..The print color of the ground pattern has also increased significantly, and the face of the ticket looks somewhat colorful compared to conventional ticket types.[10].

Okinawa OfReturn to mainlandAccompanyCurrency exchange(Fifth currency exchangeThere are special symbol tickets for), and some specific combinations of alphabetic characters of serial numbers correspond to this, but the number of existing ones is very small.

Ticket D

Series D 10K Yen Bank of Japan note-front.jpg
Series D 10K Yen Bank of Japan note-back.jpg

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1984, June 59, 6 (Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes issued from November 25, 76, Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen"[17]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows[6].

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Ichi 10,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
  • 表面 Fukuzawa Yukichi(The person's name on the bill isNew font"Fukuzawa Yukichi")
  • 裏面 pheasant
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink after mini reprint) <Back side> Ticketing director (special light emitting ink after mini reprint)
  • Nameplate Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / National Printing Bureau Manufacturing (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black / brown (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Identification mark for the visually impaired Two circles on the side (watermark, lower left corner)
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 160 mm[17]
  • Manufacturing results
    • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan 1983 (58)May 4[6] - 2003 (15)
    • Manufacturing number [18]
      • 11,307,600,000 sheets [serial number: black]
      • 10,448,100,000 sheets [serial number: brown, Ministry of Finance name]
      • 1,472,400,000 sheets [serial number: brown, Ministry of Finance name]
      • 421,900,000 sheets [serial number: brown, national name]
  • Issuance start date 1984 (59)May 11[17]
  • Stop payment date 2007 (19)May 4[1]
  • Valid ticket

C XNUMX yen ticketMore than 20 years have passed since the issuance of the banknotes, and the banknote manufacturing technology and anti-counterfeiting technology used in the C issue have become obsolete, and the printing technology has improved dramatically.1980 eraSince elaborate counterfeit tickets have been scattered from the beginning, to strengthen anti-counterfeiting measuresTicket DWas issued[19].. D XNUMX yen note,D XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticketAlthough it is a reprint of the three ticket types at the same time[19], The Bank of Japan notes will be reprinted on the same daySecond World WarThis is the first time since then.Also around this timeTMJ,Money changer,vending machine(Automatic ticket vending machine) Was also beginning to spread widely, so the reprint was carried out with this in mind.[19].

Ticket D is a portrait of a person at each face value worldwideCultural personWas adopted[20]..As a global trendHead of state,政治家Not only that, the fact that cultural figures have also been adopted for portraits of banknotes is the reason why cultural figures have been adopted for the D ticket.[20]..For the portrait of a XNUMX yen noteEnlightenment ThoughtYukichi Fukuzawa of the house is selected, and the portrait is drawn on the right side of the surface[21]..Rough at the examination stageArrival OfkimonoThere was some disagreement about making the figure a portrait of a banknote, but it was decided to be adopted as it is based on the fact that Yukichi Fukuzawa himself always wore Japanese clothes and that he liked this photo.[21]..The personal names on the D and E tickets are not "Yukichi Fukuzawa" but "Fukuzawa".SawaIt is written as "Sakichi".Of the contour around the surfaceArabesque patternFukuzawa Yukichi, a portrait, played an active role inMeijiOf the eraWestern-style buildingThe design is based on the arabesque pattern used in the decoration of[22].

On the back side with a blank in the center on both sidesNational birdIt depicts a pair of pheasants, and the one standing on the left is, The one sitting on the rightfemaleIs[23]..Also in the center of the ticket透 か しPart ofPerfect circleThe blank of the pheasanteggIt is an image of the shape of[24]..This perfect circular blank outline is printed so that the positions match on both the front and back sides.[24].

The initial serial number isBlackWas printed in[17]But,1993 (5)May 12Change the color of the serial number from the issuebrownChange to[25]At the same time, a partial remodeling ticket called "mini reprint" was issued.[26]..The conventional design remains the same, but additionalMicro character,Special luminescent ink(UVIt is an ink that emits light by irradiation, and you can see the orange emission of the front seal "Governor's seal" and the red emission of the back seal "Ticketing Bureau Director". ) And other anti-counterfeiting technologies[26]..The black serial number before the mini reprint did not use up all the combinations of serial numbers.

Reorganization of central ministriesas well as the Independent administrative agencyDue to the change of the manufacturer's name due to the change, the name plate notation of the manufacturer's name of the banknote with the brown serial number was initially "Manufactured by the Printing Bureau of the Ministry of Finance".[17],2001 (13)May 5From the issue "Ministry of FinancePrinting Bureau Manufacturing "[27],2003 (15)May 7From the issue "National Printing BureauManufacture "[28]Has been changed 3 times[26].

The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the D 4 yen note.It is divided into the following XNUMX types.

Issue startSerial number colorMicro charactersealName plate (manufacturer name)Reason for change
1984 (Showa 59)/11/1[17]Black[17]None[26]No special light emission[26]Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau[17]
1993 (Heisei 5)/12/1[25]brown[25]Yes[26]With special light emission[26]Style change to improve anti-counterfeiting power (mini reprint)
2001 (Heisei 13)/5/14[27]Manufactured by the Printing Bureau of the Ministry of Finance[27]Manufacturer's organizational change
2003 (Heisei 15)/7/1[28]Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau[28]Manufacturer's organizational change

透 か しIs Fukuzawa Yukichi, like the portrait, and is larger than before and has a clear black-and-white gradation.[24].Visually impairedIn order to easily identify the ticket type by touch, the lower left corner when viewed from the surface has a "two circles on the side" watermark that imitates the Braille "U" as an identification mark.[24]..The world's first watermark identification mark for the visually impaired[24].

The dimensions are smaller in both the vertical and horizontal directions than the previous C XNUMX yen note.[19]..This is in line with the global trend toward miniaturization of banknotes.[19], Improvement of manufacturing capacity and resource saving[29], Convenience in handling with machines, etc.[30]..Comparing the three types of D tickets that were reprinted at the same time, the vertical dimensions are the same, and only the horizontal dimensions are lengthened by 3 mm as the face value increases.[19].. Even after the E XNUMX yen note, the size of this D XNUMX yen note is followed.

The number of colors used is 10 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 6 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 4 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 2 color, 1 color of seal)[17][6].Copier,Image scannerAs much as possible to make color separation difficultPrimary colorAvoidNeutral colorIt is a print that makes heavy use of[31].

Immediately before and after the reprint of the E ticket in 2004 (Heisei 16)Counterfeit billWas discovered one after another.

E ticket

10000 Yenes (Anverso) .jpg
10000 Yenes (Reverso) .jpg

Ministry of Finance Notification No. 2004 on August 16, 8 "Establishes the forms of Bank of Japan notes Ichi 13 yen, 374 yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX. Case "[32]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows.

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Ichi 10,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
  • 表面 Fukuzawa Yukichi(The personal name on the banknote is the new font "Yukichi Fukuzawa")
  • 裏面 Byodo-in TemplePhoenix Hall OfPhoeniximage
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink) <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black / brown (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
  • Identification mark for the visually impaired Lower left corner L-shaped, lower right corner inverted L-shaped (deep intaglio printing)
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 160 mm[32]
  • Issuance start date 2004 (16) April 11[32]
  • Issuing
  • Valid ticket

Approximately 3 years have passed since the issuance of 20 types of D tickets, and innovations in printing technology andCopier,Image scanner,Computer OfImage processingsoftwareAgainst the background of popularization and high performance2002 The discovery of counterfeit tickets has been increasing rapidly since around (14).[33][34], Banknotes incorporating new anti-counterfeiting technology in other countries1990 eraIt has been issued one after another since the end of the term, and based on the fact that if only Japan continues to issue old-generation banknotes, it may become a target by international counterfeiters.[35], E XNUMX yen note,E XNUMX yen ticket,E thousand yen ticket3 ticket types were reprinted at the same time[35].

Among the E tickets, the portrait remains the same as Yukichi Fukuzawa, the only one from the D ticket.[36]. this isE ticketThe preparation period for reprinting was short, and this was taken to shorten the time required to engrave the original version of the 6-yen banknote, which accounted for more than XNUMX% of the total number issued at that time.[36]..Therefore, the portrait drawn on the right side of the surface is the original version of the D ticket, but a part of the kimono and the background part have been slightly modified.[37]..Other contours and ground patterns have a completely new design[37]..The back side is a completely new design, on the left side of the back sideKyotoUji cityIt was installed on the roof of the Byodoin Phoenix Hall inNational treasurePhoenix statue[Note 1]Is drawn[38], The right side is decorated with treasure souka as a ground pattern[39].

For anti-counterfeiting technologyD XNUMX yen ticketIn addition to most of the newly adopted ones, the "plow bar pattern", which is a new thin paper on the right side when viewed from the front, and the image (engraved on the metal leaf) depending on the viewing angle. The pattern) changes "hologramWas adopted[40].. The E 3 yen note has three vertical bars near the right side of the portrait, and the hologram image depends on the angle of light incident.Cherry blossom, Bank of Japan emblem, face value "10000" number, etc. can be confirmed[41].Special luminescent inkFor some of the surface seals and tint blockUVUses luminescent ink,Black lightWhen irradiated with, the seal "Governor's seal" on the front surface and a part of the ground pattern on the front and back surfaces emit orange light.[41]..Unlike the D ticket after the mini reprint, the seal "Ticketing Bureau Director" on the back does not emit light.The optical change ink used in the D XNUMX yen note is not used.

Although it has not been officially announced, the front and back sides of "D", "Ho", and "N" (Japan)KatakanaCan be confirmed as a secret mark (secret code)[39], D Following the XNUMX yen noteEurionHas also been adopted.Also above and below the hologram漢字The letters "day" and "book" are engraved on it.

The serial number was printed in black when it was first issued.[32]However, because 129 million sheets were issued and the combination of serial numbers printed in the same color was exhausted.2011 (23)May 7A brown (dark yellow-red) serial number ticket has been issued from the issue[42][43]..The change in the color of the serial number due to the exhaustion of the combination of serial numbers was the first in history for a XNUMX yen bill.[Note 2].

The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the E XNUMX yen note.

Issue startSerial number colorReason for change
2004 (Heisei 16)/11/1[32]Black[32]
2011 (Heisei 23)/7/19[42]brown[42]Serial number combination exhaustion

Visually impaired Tactile senseAbout the identification mark that made it possible to identify the ticket type withD XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticketIt has been changed from the watermark used in the banknote to the left and right of the bottom edge of the surface of the banknote.Deep intaglio printingThe method is adopted so that the ink can be raised and the unevenness can be felt.[44].. E XNUMX yen ticket has an identification mark of "L-shaped lower left corner / inverted L-shaped lower right corner"[Note 3]Is given[44]. AlsoNational Printing BureauBySmartphoneYou can identify and read the denomination withApps"Say Yoshi-kun" is provided[45].

透 か しIs Fukuzawa Yukichi as well as the portrait.Banknote paperEdgeworthia,Manila hempEtc. are used[40].

The number of colors used is 14 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 10 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 7 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 5 color, 1 color of seal)[32]..The basic color is inherited from the same color tone as the D ticket, and the E XNUMX yen ticket isD XNUMX yen ticketSame asbrownIt is a system shade[46].

New banknotes to be issued in 2024

10000 yen obverse scheduled to be issued 2024 front.jpg
10000 yen obverse scheduled to be issued 2024 back.jpg
  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value Ichi 10,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
  • 表面 Eiichi Shibusawa
  • 裏面 Tokyo Station(Marunouchi station building)
  • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
  • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
  • Serial number specifications
    • Serial number color Black
    • Serial number structure Symbol: 2 alphabetic characters + serial number: 6 digits + symbol: 2 alphabetic characters
  • Identification mark for the visually impaired Continuous pattern of diagonal lines in the left and right corners
  • Size Length 76 mm, width 160 mm
  • Issuance start date 2024 (Reiwa6 years) Scheduled for the first half
  • Unissued

2024 (6th year of Reiwa) Strengthening anti-counterfeiting resistance by the first halfUniversal designFor the purpose of responding to[33]XNUMX yen ticketXNUMX yen ticket-Thousand yen ticket3 ticket types will be reprinted at the same time[47]..According to the examples so far, it is presumed to be called "F ticket".

The XNUMX yen ticket after the renewalD XNUMX yen ticket-E XNUMX yen ticketWith a shade based on the same brown color as[48], PortraitBusinessmanShibusawa Eiichi, the back side2012 It was restored in (24)JRScheduled to be changed to Tokyo Station Marunouchi Station Building[49]..This is the first time that a commercial facility managed and operated by a private company has become a banknote design for Bank of Japan notes.

Although the basic layout of the portrait, watermark, and face value on the surface has not changed, the D and E tickets have not changed.Chinese numeralIn the place where the face value was written inArabic numeralsIt is drawn large as "10000", and the face value "Ichiman Yen" in Chinese numerals is placed in the upper left corner, and the face value of "10000", which was conventionally in the upper right corner, is placed in the lower right corner.The Arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the back are also drawn very large, which gives a very different impression from the conventional Bank of Japan notes.

The serial number is also changed from 9 digits to 000001 digits in a format like "AA10AA"[49][Note 4].

New anti-counterfeiting technologies that have been announced include high-definition plow patterns and stripe types.hologramWill be introduced[50]..A high-definition plow is a fine checkerboard pattern behind the portrait watermark.[51]..The hologram design is a 3D hologram, and it seems that the orientation of the portrait of the hologram design is continuously changing and rotating depending on the viewing angle, and it is the world that is adopted as a measure to prevent counterfeiting of banknotes. First time[51].

The shape of the identification mark for the visually impaired has been changed to improve the identification of the ticket type, and a continuous pattern of diagonal lines is placed in the left and right corners.[50]..In addition, consideration is given to making it easier to distinguish other than the identification mark, such as changing the position of the hologram and watermark for each ticket type.[50].

If you change the dimensions of the face of the ticketvending machine,TMJSince it has a large impact on banknote handling equipment such as[48].

2019 (31)May 4Reprint announced in[47],2021 (3nd year of Reiwa)May 9Production of a new XNUMX yen note has started[52]..The reprint was announced five years before the scheduled issue date, and production started more than two and a half years ago because the preparation period was short at the time of the previous reprint to the E ticket, so vending machines and ATMs From the reflection that the repair was not in time and only about half could respond[53], ATMs and other equipment that handles new banknotes are said to be carefully tested to prevent failures and troubles.[54].

In the design of the sample of the new 2019 yen note announced at the start of production of the 31 yen note, from the original rough sketch published at the time of the reprint announcement in April 4 (Heisei XNUMX)[47]As a change of, the English notation of the issuing bank name of "BANK OF JAPAN" has been added below the letters of the issuing bank name "Bank of Japan" under the Arabic numeral "10000" with a large face value. In addition, the number of diagonal lines of the identification mark for the visually impaired has been increased from 9 to 11.[55].

Other matters related to XNUMX yen bills

  • "Ichi" written on the banknote isLarge printIt was often used in past banknotes, but the banknotes that are being issued and have large letters written on them are called this banknote.Two thousand yen banknoteIs only[Note 5]..Only Ichi, II, San, and Pickup are required by Japanese law to use large characters.[56][57][58][59][60]This is because the only banknotes that meet this condition are those listed here.
  • The ratio of 89 yen banknotes to the total number of banknotes in circulation is overwhelmingly XNUMX% compared to other types of banknotes (XNUMX%)2018 (30) present)[61]so,CashlessIs progressing2010 eraSince then, the number of XNUMX-yen banknotes in circulation has continued to increase significantly.[62]..While most of the ticket types have the highest face value,XNUMX yen bill,XNUMX yen billThe number of medium-value banknotes in circulation is extremely small, but this tendency isDeveloped countryAmong them, it is only in Japan and it is rarely seen outside Japan[63]..The circulation amount of 97 yen bills in the city is XNUMX trillion yen (2019 (As of May 5, the first year of Reiwa)[61].
  • In the world, the highest amount of banknotes (100) equivalent to XNUMX yen banknotes or moreU.S. dollarBanknotes and 200/100EuroBanknotes, etc.) at the time of paymentCounterfeit billIt is often checked or refused to receive, and the theory of abolition of high-value banknotes is increasing worldwide due to the progress of cashless payment.[61]..However, in these countries / regionsCashless paymentThe use of the highest-value banknotes in the market has been uncommon even before the spread of the banknotes, and 20-dollar and 1-dollar banknotes in the United States and 50-euro and 20-euro banknotes in the euro area have been in the market for some time. Large number of banknotes in circulation[63]..As in Japan, as mentioned above, the number of medium-value banknotes in circulation is extremely small, while the overwhelming majority of the number of banknotes in circulation is XNUMX yen.[63][61]It should be noted that the situation is a little different from the case where 10 yen bills are used on a daily basis.The most expensive banknote in the world currently being issued is 1,000, which is equivalent to about XNUMX yen in Japanese yen.Swiss francIt is a banknote.
  • At retail stores and restaurants, if you pay with a XNUMX yen bill, the clerk may say, "You can get XNUMX yen."The main reason for this is to prevent troubles with customers over change.1970 eraDerived from a fast food restaurant in JapanhypothesisIs influential, with the C XNUMX yen note issued at that timeC XNUMX yen ticketSince all the portraits of Prince Shotoku were Prince Shotoku, it is said that the custom was born to prevent change mistakes.
    • The portrait of the D and E bills is different from that of the XNUMX yen bill, but since the XNUMX yen bill is the highest denomination bill, this voice iscash registerIt is possible to make the clerk thoroughly aware of the voice when receiving a high-value bill at the time of payment, and to make it easier for the manager to recognize that the high-value bill was settled.In addition, because it is a high-value banknote, the same measures may be taken on rare occasions for XNUMX-yen banknotes.[64].
  • The average useful life of banknotes in circulation is about 4-5 years, and they are frequently used and exchanges such as change.XNUMX yen bill-Thousand yen billMuch longer than 1-2 years[65].

Unissued banknotes

B Ichi XNUMX yen ticket
1953 Although the following design was announced in (Showa 28), it was sudden immediately after the end of the war.inflationPartly because the memory of the social turmoil caused by this was a vivid period, there was a strong opposition to the issuance of high-value banknotes due to concerns that it would promote inflation, and eventually it became a blank sheet and was not manufactured or issued.[9].. On the surfacescepterNonePrince ShotokuWith a portrait ofHoryuji templeFull view of Saiin Temple, on the backPhoenixIs drawn in two directions,透 か しWas Horyuji Yumeden[66]..After the result of the reexamination, in 1957 (Showa 32) as the C ticketXNUMX yen billHowever, in 1958 (Showa 33), XNUMX yen bills were issued respectively.[67]..It was a large ticket with dimensions of 84 mm in length and 180 mm in width.[16].. Of the designs planned for the B Ichi XNUMX yen ticket, the watermark of Horyuji Yumeden and the phoenix design on the back areC XNUMX yen ticketAs a design of[16], The portrait of Prince Shotoku without a humC XNUMX yen ticketIt is used as a watermark pattern.

Higher unissued banknotes

D XNUMX yen ticket-D pick-up ticket
EachHideyo Noguchi・ The design of the portrait of Prince Shotoku was considered to be issued when the D ticket was reprinted.[68]..The design on the back is a XNUMX yen ticketLake InawashiroMt. BandaisanScenery, pick-up XNUMX yen ticketHoryuji templeKondoPhoenixWith sculptures and Horyuji TempleNara BasinThe scenery of the mountains of[69]..Hideyo Noguchi laterE thousand yen ticketIt is appointed as a portrait of.

Transition

Reprints are made approximately every 20 years, and at the same time as the design is revised, the latest anti-counterfeiting technology is introduced to ensure anti-counterfeiting power.

  • 1958 (Showa33 years)May 11: C XNUMX yen ticket format established[5].
  • 1958May 12 : C XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[5]..The design isPrince ShotokuPhoenix.
  • 1984 (59)May 6: D Established XNUMX yen note format[17].
  • 1984May 11 : D XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[17]..The design isFukuzawa Yukichipheasant..The serial number is black with the name of the Ministry of Finance.
  • 1986 (61)May 1: C Suspension of payment of XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[1].
  • 1993 (Heisei5 years)May 6: Established a partially modified ticket format for D XNUMX yen tickets with improved anti-counterfeiting power[25].
  • 1993May 12: Improved anti-counterfeiting powerD XNUMX yen ticketPartial remodeling ticket issuance started (mini reprint)[25]..Changed the serial number to brown.
  • 2001 (13)May 3: Established D XNUMX yen note format with changed nameplate notation[27].
  • 2001May 5: Changed the name plate notationD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[27]..Changed to Ministry of Finance name.
  • 2003 (15)May 6: Established D XNUMX yen note format with re-changed nameplate notation[28].
  • 2003May 7: The name plate notation was changed againD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[28]..Changed to national name.
  • 2004 (16)May 8: E Established XNUMX yen note format[32].
  • 2004May 11 : E XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[32]..The design is with Yukichi FukuzawaByodo-in TemplePhoenix HallPhoenix statue.The serial number is black.The surface is the same subject as the D ticket, but the design is different.
  • 2007 (19)May 4: D Suspension of payment of XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[1].
  • 2011 (23)May 4: Established E XNUMX yen ticket format with different printing color of serial number[25].
  • 2011May 7: Changed the print color of the serial numberE XNUMX yenTicket issuance started[25]..Changed the serial number to brown.
  • 2024 Every time(Reiwa6st half: Scheduled to start issuing new XNUMX yen tickets[47]..The design isEiichi ShibusawaTokyo StationMarunouchi station building.

Related item

References

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ What is currently installed on the roof of Byodoin Phoenix Hall is a replica, and the real thing is stored and exhibited indoors.
  2. ^ Thousand yen billThen there is precedent.
  3. ^ In addition, the E XNUMX yen note is an "octagon", and the D XNUMX yen note isBrailleThe "three circles vertically" imitating the "ni" of the E-thousand yen ticket is the identification mark of the "horizontal bar".
  4. ^ For all types of banknotes from B to E, the letters at both ends of the serial number started with one digit each, that is, "A1A". When "Z000001Z" is exhausted, only the leftmost alphabet changes to "AA" and 900000 digits, but since the rightmost alphabet is always 2 digit, the final number becomes "ZZ1Z", and when it is exhausted, the character color is changed to "A900000A". It was a format to return to.With the new banknotes, the one-digit system was abolished, and production began with two-digit alphabetic characters at both ends, that is, "AA000001AA".
  5. ^ However, this does not apply when banknotes that are still valid tickets are included.

Source

  1. ^ a b c d e "Banknotes that are not currently issued but are valid XNUMX yen notes”(Japanese). Bank of Japan. 2021/6/19Browse.
  2. ^ "Production and distribution status of Japanese paper raw materials”. Japan Special Forest Products Promotion Association. 2017/6/13Browse.
  3. ^ "Results of production information survey on specialty agricultural products (24)”. Japan Specialty Agricultural Products Association. 2017/6/13Browse.
  4. ^ "Village regeneration by shipping Mitsumata Kyoto / Fukuchiyama, as a raw material for banknotes”. Kyoto Shimbun. 2017/6/13Browse.
  5. ^ a b c d e November 1958, 33 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 11 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note Ichi XNUMX yen issued from December XNUMXst'
  6. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, "100 Years of Bank of Japan Ticket Manufacturing, History and Technology," Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, November 1984, pp. 11-306.
  7. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-242.ISBN 9784173121601.
  8. ^ "The Abe administration has decided to renew banknotes in search of astronomical interests." Twitter spreads hoaxes (Shuji Shinohara). Yahoo! News(July 2019, 4). https://news.yahoo.co.jp/byline/shinoharashuji/20190410-00121772/ 2020/12/1Browse. 
  9. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 215–216.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 216–222.
  11. ^ “Screaming window, coin-operated entertainment districts, stations, etc.”. Asahi Shimbun morning edition (Tokyo): pp. 7. (May 1953, 9) 
  12. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, pp. 219-220.
  13. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, pp. 214-216.
  14. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, pp. 218-221.
  15. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai, 1975, p. 190.
  16. ^ a b c Takashi Uemura, "History of Portraits of Banknotes," Tokyo Art, November 1989, pp. 11-198.ISBN 9784808705435.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k November 1984, 59 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
  18. ^ Kazusaburo Suzuki, "Guide to Collecting Current Money in Japan," Domestic and Foreign Money Study Group, November 2011, p. 11.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 232–234.
  20. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 234–237.
  21. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 237–239.
  22. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, "100 Years of Bank of Japan Ticket Manufacturing, History and Technology," Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, November 1984, p. 11.
  23. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 242–243.
  24. ^ a b c d e Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 245–246.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g April 1993, 5 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the format of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from December XNUMX, XNUMX'
  26. ^ a b c d e f g Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 248–249.
  27. ^ a b c d e March 2001, 13 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 3 "Bank of Japan notes issued from May XNUMX, XNUMX Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen'
  28. ^ a b c d e March 2003, 15 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX'
  29. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-162.ISBN 9784173121601.
  30. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-195.ISBN 9784173121601.
  31. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 246–247.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i March 2004, 16 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 8 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
  33. ^ a b Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 3.
  34. ^ Satoshi Ouchi 2004, p. 19.
  35. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 261–264.
  36. ^ a b Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 21–22.
  37. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, p. 265.
  38. ^ Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 22–23.
  39. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 270–273.
  40. ^ a b Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 19–20.
  41. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 275–277.
  42. ^ a b c March 2011, 23 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 4 "Matters stipulating the format of the Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX'
  43. ^ Regarding the change in the printing color of the symbols and numbers of XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen banknotes --Bank of Japan, April 2011, 4
  44. ^ a b Satoshi Ouchi 2004, p. 20.
  45. ^ Bill identification app "Ikichi-kun"
  46. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, p. 273.
  47. ^ a b c d "Issuing new Bank of Japan notes and XNUMX yen coins”(Japanese). Ministry of Finance. 2019/4/9Browse.
  48. ^ a b Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 9.
  49. ^ a b "Government to renew banknotes Eiichi Shibusawa for 1 yen bills”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019/4/9Browse.
  50. ^ a b c Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 6.
  51. ^ a b Kenichi Nishikata, Takanari Horino (October 2021). “About the New Bank of Japan note printing start ceremony". Public Relations Magazine FinanceMinistry of Finance. 2021/11/22Browse.
  52. ^ "A printing start ceremony was held.”. National Printing Bureau. 2021/9/30Browse.
  53. ^ Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 10.
  54. ^ "Unveil the real new 1-yen bill, distribution is the first half of fiscal 24 prospect”. Asahi Shimbun Digital. 2021/9/2Browse.
  55. ^ "Appearance of the new Bank of Japan note-New XNUMX yen note”. Bank of Japan. 2021/9/30Browse.
  56. ^ "Notary Public Law (Meiji 37 Law No. 3) Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX”. E-Gov (June 2011, 6). 2019/12/24Browse. “For enforcement on June 2011, 7”: Quantity, date and number listedUheshi for Ichi XNUMXnd Sanko Noji
  57. ^ "Ministry of Finance Ordinance No. XNUMX of XNUMX (Accounting Regulations, Accounting Calculations, Numbers and Items to be Corrected)”. E-Gov (June 1950, 5). 2019/12/24Browse. “For enforcement on June 1950, 4” Article 1: Accounting Laws and Regulations, Accounting Calculations, Documents, Books, Amounts, Others, Quantity, "XNUMX", "XNUMX", "XNUMX", "XNUMX", "廿" Number C"Ichi", "XNUMX", "San", "Pickup", "XNUMXnd Pickup", "Sanpaku"However, for horizontal writing, you can get a lot of "Arabic" numbers.
  58. ^ "Family Register Act Enforcement Regulations (Ministerial Ordinance No. 31 of 2) Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX”. E-Gov (June 2017, 9). 2019/12/24Browse. “For enforcement on June 2017, 9” : To enter the dateYou must use the letters Ichi, II, San, and Pickup.
  59. ^ "Administrative Regulations for Check Issuance, etc. (Ministry of Finance Ordinance No. 40 of 20) (Ministry of Finance Ordinance No. 2 of XNUMX) Supplementary Provisions Paragraph XNUMX”. E-Gov (June 1965, 4). 2019/12/24Browse. “For enforcement on June 1965, 4”: The face value of the check can be displayed in Chinese numerals in the predetermined amount entry field for the time being.In this case, the fonts of "XNUMX", "XNUMX", "XNUMX" and "XNUMX" are respectively.Using the Chinese characters "Ichi", "II", "San" and "Pickup"And in the upper margin of the specified amount entry columnThe same amount as the amount stated in the amount entry column is added in Arabic numerals.Must.
  60. ^ "Commercial Registration Regulations (Ministry of Justice Ordinance No. 48, 2) Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX”. E-Gov (June 2019, 9). 2019/12/24Browse. “For enforcement on June 2019, 10”: To list the quantity, date and number of money or other thingsMust use the letters "Ichi, II, San, Pick"..However, when writing horizontallyArabic numbersCan be used.
  61. ^ a b c d "Will the new 1 yen bill be used?”. ARC WATCHING June 2019 issue. 2021/9/25Browse.
  62. ^ "New 1 yen bill and "cashless"”. International Monetary Research Institute (April 2021). 2021/9/26Browse.
  63. ^ a b c "Public Relations Magazine Finance”. Ministry of Finance (June 2019). 2021/9/26Browse.
  64. ^ 1 yen bill for small-value products → Clerk yells "1 yen will be included", what is the purpose?When did you get into the habit? --YAHOO News March 2021, 3
  65. ^ Features of bills, National Printing Bureau.
  66. ^ "Appearing at the end of the XNUMX yen bill". Asahi Shimbun morning edition (Tokyo): pp. 7. (May 1953, 9) 
  67. ^ "To issue a" XNUMX yen note "". Asahi Shimbun morning edition (Tokyo): pp. 7. (May 1955, 12) 
  68. ^ North (2007, pp. 7–9)
  69. ^ "Prince Shotoku Picking Up Ten Thousand Yen Bill Plan Reproduction of Unseen Design", Aera, December 1988, 12, p.

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