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⚾ | Hiroshima OB Kazuhisa Kawaguchi and others instructed "JA Zen-Noh WCBF Youth Baseball Class" in Kure City


Instructed by Hiroshima OB Kazuhisa Kawaguchi and others "JA Zen-Noh WCBF Youth Baseball Class" in Kure City

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It is said that it will be a valuable opportunity for children to learn the joy of baseball directly from their favorite former professional baseball player.

"JA Zen-Noh WCBF Youth Baseball Class" where a former professional baseball player teaches children the basics of baseball (National Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives ... → Continue reading


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Professional baseball player

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    Professional baseball player(Professional baseball) is for profitbaseballteam(Professional baseballThe main business is to contract with a team or a professional baseball team) and participate in a series of games of the annual season to get paid.Professional sportsPlay baseball asbaseball playerThat is.

    Japanese professional baseball player

    "Professional baseball" in this sectionJapan Baseball Organization(NPB) only,Independent LeagueEtc. are not included.

    Differences from adult baseball players

    JapanNow, ordinary adults play as playersAdult baseballIs developing. The term "worker baseball" refers to baseball played by all members of society including professional baseball in a broad sense, but generally refers to baseball played by amateur members of society. In a more narrow sense,Japan Baseball FederationA baseball game in which a team belongs to. Also, although there are many teams organized within the company, it exists only as one of the club activities within the company,EntertainmentIt is not operated for the purpose.

    Basically, Japanese adult baseball players who join a company with the expectation that they will play an active part in various tournament competitions will be able to receive rewards only from baseball with little work related to the company's main business There is (the formerShidax Baseball ClubHowever, the professional baseball team is called the "baseball club," which bears the name of the company, and differs greatly from professional baseball teams in that it is not an independent company that specializes in baseball.

    In addition, a member of a professional baseball player will not be immediately dismissed even if he/she retires from active duty due to aging, breakdown, or other reasons, and can continue to work at the company. On the contrary, if the abandoned part, that is, the baseball club itself has disappeared due to poor management of the company, etc., it is an employee of the company, so it is a job of another company and staying in a club team with the permission of the company[Annotation 1]Only by that, there is no way to continue playing baseball. In contrast, players belonging to professional baseball teamsOut-of-force notificationIf so, you can sign a player contract with another team on your own. But if no team raises their handscoachLeaders,Baseball commentator,Sports castor,talentIf there is no such way, it will be completely unemployed (#After retirement).Japan Baseball Organization(NPB) A professional baseball player belonging to a member team is at willVoluntary retirementIf you do, you cannot enter into a contract with another baseball team unless you have the consent of the last team you belong to.

    This difference in treatment is also the difference between professional baseball players and adult baseball players, and although it is not completely unpaid,amateurThis is also one of the reasons why. On the contrary, it is not allowed to sign as an amateur player who does not get a reward in a Japanese professional baseball team.

    Professional baseball player's day

    One day is hard and there is almost no rest during the season (3 days from Tuesday to Thursday is a series of battles with Team A, 3 days from Friday to Sunday is a series of battles with another Team B. 3 days at a time is called a "competition card") , The restraint time is long.To give an example

    • Schedule for night games (starting at 18:XNUMX)
      • 10 o'clock-getting up
      • 11 o'clock-morning (lunch) meal
      • PM-Home team player at home (Single assignmentIn the case ofHotelMatches will be held from the dormitory (some players live)Baseball fieldMove to. The visitor team players move from the lodging hotel. If the visitor is close to their hometown, they will move as well as the home.
      • 14 o'clock-Start practice for the home team as a whole (warm-up will be done by that time, and many players will voluntarily practice early departure)
      • 16 o'clock-Complete home team practice / Start visitor team practice (warm-up, meetings, snacks will be given by then)
      • Around 16:30-Home team meeting / light meal
      • Around 17:30-Visitor team practice ends
      • 18pm-Playball (no starting pitching planpitcherSuch,One armyBut some players go home at this point)
      • After the match (9 matchesinningAbout 3 and a half hours. Long time againextra innings(Up to 12 innings) If it develops, it will take more than 4 hours.) Some athletes voluntarily practice their stay. In addition, the players of the visitor team have moved to the hotel.
      • Midnight-Eat your own dinner (such as a hotel buffet for a visitor team) and then go to bed

    Has become[1].Day gameIn the case of, it will be advanced by the amount of time (13 hours if the game starts at 5:XNUMX), so if the game ends at midnight, it will be even harder because you will get up early in the morning and start practicing.Monday is the day when there are no matches and if we become visitors we will move to the location of our opponent's home base.

    Hisayoshi NaganoMarried toSayaka ShimohiraAccording to the report, professional baseball players are not at home for two-thirds of the year.[2].


    When playing a match as a visitor, athletes use transportation to move.If it is a short distance, you can take a bus, or if you move by yourself or a long distanceShinkansenOrairplaneUse the bus to move from the nearest station to the match venue.In order to avoid confusion, they often move in two groups (eg Shinkansen and airplane).In the past, I used to fly, but1985Occurred inJapan Airlines Flight 123 crashHanshin TigersOf the team presidentNakanoha HajimeDied[Annotation 2]As a result, I started to use the Shinkansen as much as possible to move between Honshu.Although they use airplanes for long-distance travel, there are athletes and staff who dislike airplanes, and the athletes use transportation such as the Shinkansen as much as possible.Also, there are no plans to pitchStarting pitcherIs exempt from the expedition,Second armyAdjustments may be made at the practice area.


    Professional baseball playersSelf-employed person-Sole proprietorshipHas a business contract with a team company. Therefore, the team companyContract employeeis not[3].. The rewards for NPB players are the same as in other major domestic leagues such as Major League BaseballProfessional sportsCompared with PaymentAnnual salary system.. All of the 2016 NPB membersControlled player registrationplayer(Training playerThe average annual salary of (excluding) is 3,712 million yen.[4].

    Until the early 1980s, the average annual salary was less than 1,000 million yen[4], Transferred in the middle of 1987Hiromitsu OchiaiBreaks 1 million yen annually for the first time in the world[5]The annual salary gradually increased, and in 1993FAWhen the system was introduced, the annual salary soared[6].

    Players with an annual salary of 1 million yen or more1 million yen playerIs sometimes regarded as the status of a first-class player[7].. The number of Japanese players with 1 million yen players in NPB was 2014 in the 61 season.[8][Annotation 3]However, in the 2017 season 76 people[9]Is increasing.

    NPB playersContract renewalIn general, a single-year contract that renews the contract every year in the form of1993Then offOryxWas enrolled inTsutomu SakaiHas signed the first multi-year contract in Japan's world history of three years[Annotation 4].. After that, transfer of other teams due to FA declaration became common, and there are more cases where multi-year contracts are signed for both FA transfer and remaining to prevent outflow of other teams (both Japanese and foreign players). It became so. As an example,

    • Toshiya Sugiuchi[10] --In the off-season of 2011,Softbankから巨人When he transferred to, he signed a "4-year contract, total of 20 billion yen".
    • Takeya Nakamura[11] --In the off-season of 2013,SeibuWhen concluding an extension contract (for remaining) with, he signed a "4-year contract, total of 20 billion yen".
    • Rick Vandenhark[12] --In June 2016,SoftbankWhen concluding an extension contract (for remaining) with, he signed a "three-year contract, total of 3 billion yen".In the case of foreign players, there are quite a few cases where an extension contract (for remaining) is signed during the season.[Annotation 5].

    The rewards of professional baseball players vary greatly depending on the performance of each player,Results-orientedSometimes regarded as a typical model of[13].. Regular salary increaseBonusSystem is not established, but depending on the gradeVolumeSome players have contracts to pay. However, regarding the reduction of annual salaryBaseball agreementThere is a limit in Article 92, and in principle, players with annual salary of 1 million yen or more will not be reduced by 40%, and players with less than 1 million yen will not be reduced by more than 25%.Out-of-force notificationIt is necessary to obtain the player's consent within the same period as, and if the player does not agree, the team will stillFree contractAnd must)[14].

    Active period

    As with all professional athletes, the period in which professional baseball players can remain active is not long. It is said that the average retirement age of professional baseball players is about 29.[15][16]Most of the players retire before reaching the age of 40. Also, the average number of active years of athletes is about 9 years[15][17], About 20 years at the longest.

    On the other hand, exceptionally long-term players (Franchise player,Journeyman) Also, the longest active record isYamamoto MasaIn 32 years, the longest record of one army official battle participation actual workKimiyasu Kudo-Satoshi Nakajima・It is 29 years of Masaru Yamamoto. By the way, as of October 2015, 10, at the age of participating in official games as a player, the oldest record was Masa Yamamoto 7 years 50 month, the youngest record was prewar (no provision for protection of young workers)Michio Nishizawa16 years old.Labor Standards Act-Child Welfare ActThe youngest record below dropped out of high school and entered professionalKenji Furusawa16 years and 4 months old.

    After retirement

    RetirementAfter that, coaches such as directors and coaches,scorer,Batting pitcher,Bullpen catcher, Staying in the ball world as a team member,Baseball commentatorIt is possible that

    However, since the number of baseball-related posts is limited for retired players that occur every year, many players will not be able to get a baseball-related job, so many players will find employment in fields other than baseball. .. According to a survey conducted by NPB on players who left the team from 2007 to 2014, on average, about 2% to 3% of players chose a path other than baseball, and there are quite a few who have unknown career paths.[18][Annotation 6].. Examples of successful non-baseball jobs include:Parent companyTake care ofMovie actorBecameNobuo Yana,Eiji Bando,Kazutomo Miyamoto,Punch sato,Kazumasa Nagashima,Kanamura Yoshiaki,Tsutomu IwamotoUtilizing that character liketalentWho was established asMengiki Emoto,Atsushi Misawa,Eiichiro Takahashi,Hiroo Ishii,Kenju Yamamotolike政治家Those who became, turned to other professional sports and played an active partShoji Ozaki(Professional golfer, Masashi Ozaki),Giant baba(Professional wrestler, Baba Shohei),Takao Miyamoto(Bicycle racer, Takao Miyamoto), (Boat rider, Takeshi Hayase),Long dragon(Professional bowler) Is mentioned. Also,onionFarmerSucceeded asHirofumi Kono,UdonOpened a udon shop after training in manufacturingTsuyoshi Gojo[19]There are also examples of success as a businessman.

    However, while there are such successful cases, former athletes who can not live as expected after retirementsuicideOr[Annotation 7],crimeThere are also cases where they are involved[Annotation 8].

    Tomoya Satozaki"Professional baseball players do everything around them, such as those involved in baseball teams." "There are quite a few ex-players (of baseball idiots) who can't do anything when they retire."[20].

    For this reason, professional baseball OBs are increasingly motivated to assist each other in reemployment as self-help efforts. As an example,Japan Professional Baseball OB Club ThePasonaWe are engaged in job hunting support activities for professional baseball OBs in collaboration with[21].. Also, on the NPB side as wellSecond carrierAre strengthening support for. In 2013 with the Japan Baseball OrganizationJapan Student Baseball AssociationBy agreeing with the agreement, it became possible for a professional baseball OB to teach high school and college baseball by undergoing a student baseball qualification recovery training.[22]Therefore, it can be said that the frontage of the second carrier has widened. By 2016, more than 850 people have used this system to recover their student baseball qualifications[23].

    NPB2007Since then, we have conducted an attitude survey on young professional baseball players every year about the second career, but the percentage of players who responded "I feel uneasy after retirement" has remained around 7%.[24].. In addition, regarding the desired career path after retirement, a large number of players replied as high school baseball coaches.[24].

    Major League Player

    The United States of America-Canada OfMajor league baseball(MLB) in JapanEnglishMeans MLB playerMajor Leaguer(Major Leaguers)” is sometimes used as it is as Katakana.

    Due to its strong competition principle, the major league is said to be in a more severe environment than Japanese professional baseball, and if the results are not accompanied, the contract will not be renewed immediately.Free contractOr even in the middle of the seasonMinor leagueIf you go to the team and a substitute player enters in the trade while the result does not improve due to a breakdownOut-of-force notification, Etc. are usually performed, and the players are always in a difficult position.[25].. In addition, there is a big difference in the treatment of players between the minor leagues and the major leagues, and the minor league is referred to as the difference in salary of both.Hamburger・League, Major Leaguesteak・Sometimes called "league"[26].Otani XiangpingIn Nippon-Ham's "Shohei Otani: A Guide to Dreams-Considerations for Younger Overseas Expansion in Japanese Sports-" prepared to persuade Nippon Professional Baseball, "Major League is a mechanism to eliminate players, and Nippon Professional Baseball is a mechanism to raise players." He explained that it is better to gain experience in Japan than to go directly to the United States and live in a harsh minor league, and succeeded in the contract.[27].

    However, not only is it a tough side for athletes, but if they are considered to be essential players for the team because they continue to perform well for many years and are evaluated for their extraordinary talents, their annual salary becomes uncertain.[Annotation 9], Hundreds of millions during the acquisition battle accompanying the transfer of such a star playerDollarA large amount of money (tens of billions of yen) moves, "American dreamCan be said to be successful[28].Alex Rodriguez The2007In 10 monthNew York YankeesIn addition to a large-scale contract for 10 years totaling 2 million dollars, including the volume of 7,500 million dollars,Giancarlo StantonOff in 2014Miami MarlinsHas signed a super-large contract with a total amount of 3 million dollars + 2,500-year contract with the highest total amount in North American professional sports history[29][30].. In order to bring out even better conditions on the players side, it is necessary to negotiate contracts with the team.Agent(Agent) may be placed.

    Participation in international competitions

    Until thenOlympicincludingInternational Baseball Federation(IBAF. CurrentlyWorld Baseball Softball Federation, WBSC) The international competitions under the jurisdiction were only for amateurs, but in 1997 IBAF decided to lift the ban on professional participation in those international competitions in response to the trend of lifting the ban on professionals in other competitions.

    The first applied tournament was the following 199833rd IBAF World Cup.. Same yearAsian GamesThen. South KoreaWon the first gold medal by organizing as an all-pro.2000 Sydney OlympicsBecame the first Olympic Games in which professional baseball players participated, and won the gold medal for the first time as the United States became the official event (in the open competition era1988 Seoul OlympicsI have won a gold medal inCubaThe non-participation by the boycott was large).

    Japan first dispatched a professional in 1999Asian Baseball ChampionshipAlso, in the final qualifying for the Sydney Olympics Asian region, I challenged with a mixture of professional amateurs. The first tournament that I organized with all professionals was in 2003Asian Baseball ChampionshipIt is the final qualifying for the Athens Olympics in Asia, and has won the championship for the first time in eight years.Since then, he has participated in the Olympic Games and its qualifying rounds as an all-pro, but other international competitions (IBAF World Cup,Asian GamesEtc.) are played in mixed or all-ama amateurs depending on the time of the event.

    However, no major leaguers (40 roster-registered athletes) participated in these tournaments, and in the case of the United States, they consisted of 3A class players (However, roasters are also limited to tournaments that do not overlap the season outside the United States. The Korean national team of the 1998 Asian Games mentioned above was at that time.Los Angeles DodgersI belonged toPark ParkWas included). In the background, many of these international competitions are held during the MLB season (and when the playoff battle after August is in the midst of the season), so the season has to be interrupted or the teams have to lack control In addition, because there are many issues such as compensation when injured at the tournament, each team and athletes may be passive. This problem is said to be one of the factors that led to the exclusion of baseball from the Olympic games.

    Professional players including major leaguers will participate from 2006World Baseball Classic(WBC) is being conducted, including the United States,Dominican RepublicIn addition to participating in the race after forming a national team with only major leaguers, Japan, Korea,ベネズエラThe countries with major leaguers are all-professional teams including domestic players. The tournament is being held before the start of the season (in the major professional baseball leagues in the Northern Hemisphere such as MLB), with the MLB organization playing a central role, with the cooperation of IBAF.

    In 2011, as WBC became the IBAF-approved world's most deciding match, the World Cup, which was mainly amateur, was progressively eliminated, and in the middle year of WBC, it became professional.Premier 12Was founded. Of this premiere 121th competitionWas held in November 2015,World seriesMLB did not allow 40 roster-registered players to participate due to the timing of the event, which was just after the event.Therefore, in the final match on November 40, which was held after the announcement of the 11-person roster frame by the MLB Players Association,US representativeWas unable to play because three players entered this roaster, and the match lost to Korea 3-0.

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    注 釈

    1. ^ As an exampleSunward Trade Baseball Clubetc.
    2. ^ JA8119, which crashed in the accident, is operating on JAL366 flight from Fukuoka to Haneda just before the accident.Korakuen StadiumAt巨人The main players of the Hanshin Tigers, who were about to fight, were on board to move from Fukuoka.
    3. ^ The article says "60 people", but after thisShigeru IguchiHowever, since the contract was renewed for 1 million yen, it will be "8,000 people".
    4. ^ However, SakaiOssification of the ligamentum flavumTo saySpecific diseaseSince he suffered from (intractable illness), it is a multi-year contract that expects recovery during the contract period and return to active duty, and its meaning is different from the multi-year contract currently seen to prevent outflow of other baseball teams.
    5. ^ As an example,Hector Luna(Chunichi.. 2013 years extension contract in June 6),Brandon Dixon(Oryx.. September 2016, 9 years extension contract) etc.
    6. ^ In addition, this survey also includes athletes who continue to play active roles in independent leagues, etc., so the proportion of those who retire is considered to be higher.
    7. ^ As a specific example,2000ToKoya light Mental illnessAt the young age of 39,2011ToHideki IrabeAt the young age of 42 after being mentally corneredsuicideWhat you have done.
    8. ^ Hiroshi OgawaIn 2004, at the workplace after retirementRobbery murder caseHas been sentenced to life imprisonment.After his retirementStimulantI dyed my handsTakahito Nomura,Kiyohara KazuhiroThere is also such an example.
    9. ^ In major leaguesSalary capHas not been introduced. There is a luxury tax system (revenue sharing). Detail isMajor League Baseball #Balance MeasuresSee.


    1. ^ Chiba Lotte Marines fan club newsletter "Team26 Magazine" 2010 No. 2 "Visitor Expedition Tora no Maki"
    2. ^ Do you support professional baseball players behind the scenes?Sayaka Shimohira talks about "virtual image"Asahi Shimbun "My Think Gender" March 2021, 3
    3. ^ Hideo Nagano. "Special issue: sports and labor. Worker characteristics of professional athletes.". Japanese Labor Research MagazineJapan Institute for Labor Policy and Training. April 2017, 3Browse.
    4. ^ a b "Announcement of annual salary survey results for the 2016 season”. Japan Professional Baseball Players Association. April 2017, 3Browse.
    5. ^ "[Professional baseball] Who is the first Japanese "1 million yen player"?”. Web Sportiva. April 2017, 3Browse.
    6. ^ Ichiro Tsukin. “Looking back on the history of FA. Who first exercised FA rights?”. Web Sportiva. April 2017, 3Browse.
    7. ^ "Lotte Suzuki signed for 1 million yen! "It was one goal."”. Baseball King. April 2017, 11Browse.
    8. ^ "2014 Professional Baseball Annual Salary Ranking”. Nikkan Sports. April 2017, 11Browse.
    9. ^ "2017 professional baseball New Year salary ranking [1st-100th]”. Baseball King. April 2017, 11Browse.
    10. ^ "Giant "Oku no Te" Sugiuchi 4 years 20 billion + spine 18”. Nikkan Sports. April 2017, 11Browse.
    11. ^ "Refill you "Lions line" 4 years up to 20 billion smiles”. Sponichi Annex. April 2017, 11Browse.
    12. ^ "Softbank extends 3 billion contract with Banden Haak for 12 years". Nikkan Sports (September 2016, 6). April 2018, 9Browse.
    13. ^ Hideto Fukuda. “Theoretical study on risk associated with performance-based and introduction of competency evaluation”. P. 46. April 2017, 3Browse.
    14. ^ "Japan Professional Baseball Agreement 2016". April 2017, 3Browse.
    15. ^ a b "Activation of transfer”. Japan Professional Baseball Players Association. April 2015, 8Browse.
    16. ^ "How many professional baseball players are there?”. Shota Konaka. April 2015, 8Browse.
    17. ^ Shota IshimineIn 1 years while joining with Dora 8Out-of-force notificationSo, instead of looking for another team that will raise the hand in the joint trial, I chose the path to remain as a coach as a coach
    18. ^ "Career Survey Results of Out-of-Strength Players/Active Retired Players (2007-2014)”. Nippon Professional Baseball. April 2017, 3Browse.
    19. ^ "Genuine udon that hard arm of former Giant army hits "with fighting spirit"! "Sanuki Udon Jojo" shopkeeper Tsuyoshi Gojo [Man's baseball game #01]”. Recruit (June 2015, 6). April 2018, 9Browse.
    20. ^ [1] Satozaki Channel 2019/11/16 (YouTube, viewed on August 2022, 1)
    21. ^ "Implementing a new employment support system for the second career professional OB”. Japan Professional Baseball OB Club. April 2017, 3Browse.
    22. ^ "Student baseball qualification recovery”. Japan Professional Baseball OB Club. April 2017, 3Browse.
    23. ^ Tadahiro Jimbo. “Student Baseball Qualification Rehabilitation Workshop: After Retiring Professional Players, Becoming a Leader". Mainichi Newspapers. April 2017, 3Browse.
    24. ^ a b "2016 Active young professional baseball player "Second carrier survey"”. Nippon Professional Baseball. April 2017, 3Browse.
    25. ^ Why Japanese Baseball Can't Beat Major League Baseball Theory of Makoto Sasaki, the Man Who Was Nearest to Major League Toyo Keizai Online August 2013, 6
    26. ^ Ryo Shinkawa.[MLB] A break from the Hamburger League? Phillies invests about 1 million yen to improve the food environment for minor teams.”. Baseball channel. April 2017, 3Browse.
    27. ^ "[Underflow] A presentation that moves your heart”. Livedoor News (May 2021, 7). April 2022, 6Browse.
    28. ^ This is American Dream! Dreaming MLB Top 10 Large Transfers Now Off BASEBALL KING March 2015, 2
    29. ^ "Report: Marlins to sign Giancarlo Stanton to 13-year, $ 325 million deal”(English). Sports Illustrated (November 2014, 11). April 2017, 12Browse.
    30. ^ Mark Polishuk; Steve Adams (November 2014, 11). “Marlins, Giancarlo Stanton Agree To 13-Year, $ 325MM Contract" (English). MLB Trade Rumors. April 2014, 12Browse.

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