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🚴 | Three people who seem to be minors in a residential area in the early hours escaped from a police car by bicycle ... A high school boy who was crouching, elbows ...

Photo Near the site of Yurigahara, Kita-ku, Sapporo, where three people were found and escaped by bicycle

Three people who seem to be minors in a residential area before dawn, escaped from a police car by bicycle ... A high school boy who was crouching, elbows ...

If you write the contents roughly
The high school boys are saying, "I thought I'd run away," so I'm investigating the reason why the police fled.

Before dawn on the 22nd, a boy who escaped by bicycle from a police car on patrol fell and was injured in Kita-ku, Sapporo. 2 ... → Continue reading

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Enrolled (learner)

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LearnerInEnrolledIs theDedicated to pre-school and extra curricularEtcEnrollmentdoingA personThat is.

Difference in how to call depending on the education stage


At the beginning of modern education in Japan, all students were called ``students'' and there was no distinction. on the 1881ndTokyo UniversityIt was decided that undergraduate students of the university should be called “students”.[1]

Legal name

School education law(Showa 22lawNo. 26) and lower level of School Education Lawcommand(Ministerial OrdinanceEtc.), the names differ depending on the school/course. In addition, there are common names and popular names such as "junior high school students" and "high school students" depending on the school or course to which they belong.

Educational stageSchool/CourseName of enrolled person[2]Common name/common name一般 的 なage
(Repetition,Jumping gradeEtc.)
Ichijo schoolPreschool educationKindergarten(In a broad senseAuthorized child institutionincluding)An infantKindergarten children[3]3 ~ 6 old
Special schoolKindergarten
Primary EducationCompulsory educationprimary schoolChildren[4]<span>Grade 1-2</span>6 ~ 12 old
Compulsory education schoolMaster course
Special schoolElementary school
Secondary educationEarly
Secondary education
Junior high schoolstudent[5]Middle school students12 ~ 15 old
Compulsory education schoolLate course
Secondary schoolMaster course
Special schoolMiddle school
Secondary education
high school(high school)A high school student15 ~ 18 old
Secondary schoolLate course
Special schoolHigh School[6]
Higher educationUniversity(Other than below)Faculty[7]


University student (undergraduate)[9]18 ~ 22 old
Graduate Schools[10][11][12]graduate student(Graduate student)[9]22-25 / 27/28 years old
Junior college(Junior college)[13]Junior college student[9]18-20 / 21 years old
College of technology(Technical college)[14]Technical college15 ~ 20 old
Other than Ichijo schoolVocational schoolAdvanced course(College of technology[15])student[5]Vocational school students (vocational school students)[16]15 years old ~
Specialized course(Vocational schools[17])18 years old ~
General courseDepends on school
Various schoolsDepends on school

About legal "students"

Of the above, "students" who have received higher education are "regular courses" and "formalities" of universities (including junior colleges and graduate schools) and colleges of technology.Another course[18]""Major[18]Refers to those enrolled inthe termIs. In this case, "special course" (Article 105 of the School Education Act) (Course certification system[19]) Learners[20], OtherPostgraduate-Auditor-Course studentsAre not included in this.

Besides these,Ministry of educationEven at facilities outside the jurisdictionNational Defense Academy"Or"National Defense Medical CollegeAtExecutive self defenseTo beEducation TrainingThose who are enrolled are called "students" by law.[8][21].

About “Student” and “Student” in a broad sense

In addition to those who receive higher education,Educational institutionsThose who are enrolled in may be collectively referred to as "students."

In this case, the term “student” of a university/technical college includes students/auditors/students, etc., and enrollees who have received further secondary education (“students” enrolled in junior high school/high school etc.) Sometimes called "student" (eg:Student card,School uniform(Originally designed for college students, so it is commonly known as this, but those of secondary education are more accurately called "student notebooks" and "standard clothes/uniforms"),Student discountSuch).

In addition, the term “student” (also referred to as “schoolchild”), including “primary school children” and “preschoolers” who receive preschool education, is used to refer to students and students collectively. do it"apprentice(Gakuto)" (for example:Student camp).

Also, it corresponds to a welfare facility, not a schoolLicensed Nursery SchoolThose who are enrolled in (nursery school) are sometimes called "children (nursery school children)" or "children".

Name in news media

Even in Japanese newspapers and TV reports, primary school enrollees are “children”, secondary school enrollees are “students”, higher education enrollees are “students” (higher school enrollees are “students” and “students”). May be used in combination with), and other than that, it is distinguished from "preparatory school students" (including non-vocational schools and non-various schools), "vocational school students", "graduate students", etc.[22].

Student ID, preferential treatment for students

JapanIn, students and studentsStudent cardTo sayIdentificationOwning yourself by havingProofcan do. In Japan, ID cards are rarely issued to children and young children.

Also in Japan,Student discountCalled (student discount)cultureThere is thisServicesIf there is, students and students can receive goods and services at a lower price than usual by presenting their student ID card.The purpose of this system isHard-working studentThere are various things such as support for students, the intention to get in touch with culture while they are young, and discounts for students who are free and have little money to increase sales.softwareThe packages that offer student discounts, staff discounts, etc. atAcademic packageAnd so on.

A universal method for Japanese students and students to prove their student status outside Japan.International student IDHowever, outside Japan, you can present it and get a student discount.

Also, for residents of Japan over the age of 20, basicallyNational pension,National health insurance feeHowever, students and students must pay under certain conditions.National pensionThere is a system that can be postponed and the national health insurance premium can be reduced or exempted. For details on postponing the payment of the national pension,Student payment exception systemchecking ...


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "The Origin of Student Pronounciation", Tokyo Imperial University 1932-Year History, Tokyo Imperial University, 483, pp. 484-XNUMX.NDLJP:1453584/295. 
  2. ^ The name here is "School education law"Indicates the designation.
  3. ^ NurseryGo to (nursery school)ChildIs sometimes called "nursery school child" as an abbreviation for "nursery school child".
  4. ^ Legal Term Study Group ("Yuhikaku Legal Glossary 3rd Edition, Yuhikaku Publishing Co., Ltd., 2006,ISBN-4 641-00025-5) "Children" item
  5. ^ a b Legal Term Study Group ("Yuhikaku Law Term Dictionary 3rd Edition", Yuhikaku, 2006,ISBN-4 641-00025-5) "Student" item
  6. ^ "If there is a special need" (School education lawArticle 76, Paragraph 2) can only have a high school.thisSpecial schoolIs "High School"Special support school ○○High schoolIs called.
  7. ^ "School group" etc. are included in Article 141 of the School Education Law.
  8. ^ a b Legal Term Study Group ("Yuhikaku Law Term Dictionary 3rd Edition", Yuhikaku, 2006,ISBN-4 641-00025-5) "Student" item
  9. ^ a b c As shown in the table, "junior college" is also a type of university, and "graduate school" is also a university (university only for graduate school) along with faculties.Graduate schoolIn this sense, junior college students and graduate students are also "university students" because they are "students enrolled in the university", but in general, "university students" are those of the university. It is called this way by those who are enrolled in the undergraduate school, that is, "undergraduate students" (""Education #Final EducationSee also).
  10. ^ Below thisGraduate School(Including the "School of Education" and "Education Department" in Article 141 of the School Education Law). "PhD""Master's Course, Etc.Course.
  11. ^ Only "graduate school" can be set for "when there is a special need for education and research" (Article 103 of the School Education Law). This universityGraduate school".
  12. ^ this house,Highly professionalFor the purpose of nurturingProfessional graduate school".
  13. ^ Of the universities, refers to those prescribed in Article 108 of the School Education Act.
  14. ^ Of the 5 years of technical college, the 1st to 3rd grade is equivalent to the 3rd year of high school, but it is still treated as higher education rather than upper secondary education.
  15. ^ From Article 126 of the School Education Act.
  16. ^ Preparatory school for university entrance examsThose who are enrolled in (vocational school general course or miscellaneous school) are generally called "preparatory school students".
  17. ^ From Article 126, Paragraph 2 of the School Education Act.
  18. ^ a b However, it is not possible to set up a separate department in a college of technology. In addition, graduate schools are located at universities other than junior colleges, and there are no separate graduate schools or majors.
  19. ^ About the university certification system (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)
  20. ^ The article stipulates "a person other than a student at the university".
  21. ^ However, the official status isgovernment officialIs. "College #Classification by enrolleeSee.
  22. ^ Shinsuke Kimura-Asami Nakano-Mari Shimamura"Twenty-year-old law guide fourth edition" (Yuhikaku, 2001,ISBN 9784641027602) 166.

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