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🚴 | Is it okay to change the electric kickboard, which is likely to become popular due to the revision of the law, to the "second bicycle"? [Legal knowledge of "front and back"]


Photo Electric kickboard is easy, but ... (C) Kyodo News

Is it okay to make the electric kickboard, which is likely to become popular due to the revision of the law, as a "second bicycle"? [Legal knowledge of "front and back"]

 
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On the other hand, many troubles and legal violations due to electric kickboards have already occurred.
 

[Legal knowledge of "front and back"] # 131 Electric kickboards are popular.In response to this, it is easier to ride ... → Continue reading

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    illegal

    Kick scooter

    Kick scooter(Japanese English kickskater) OrKick scooter(English: kick scooter) Means with a handle that kicks the groundvehicleIs the general term for.

    Overview

    Many kick skatersBicycleYou can ride with a feeling similar toRoller skates,skateboardBecause it is easier to handle thanleisureIn addition to its intended use, it is also used as a convenient means of transportation in place of a bicycle in parks, etc., which is used as a sport.

    originallyscooter (Scooter)Scoot It was called (Scoot),the 2000sSince the time when the market expanded with the advent of folding scootersKick scooterHas come to be used.Kick boardIt is often called by the name, but this is a product of K2 company (Kick board) Is a registered trademark, so caution is required.[1][2]. AlsoKick scooterAlthough it is sometimes said that this is also confused with the product of the same name of JD, it was established to contribute to the spread of "kick scooter".Japan Kick Scooter AssociationThen, as a general term, "Kick scooter "Insist on using[2].

    Kick skaters with motors and internal combustion enginesMotorized bicycle or AutomobileBe treated[3](#Legal treatment in Japanreference).

    History

    1817/, A two-wheeled vehicle that kicks the ground with both feetDandy horse"ButGermanyInvented in.19st centuryIn the second halfRoller skatesAppeared, and it is said that there was also a scooter made from that part.1914/,AmericaI installed the engine on a two-wheeled scooter(English edition)Has appeared.

    1974/,JapanPedal propulsion type three-wheel scooter "Roller through GOGO"HondaDeveloped and popularized by children.

    the 1990sLater, in Switzerland, Wim Ouboter developed a small folding scooter, founded Micro Mobility Systems and launched it in Europe.The same thing was sold under the name of Razor in Japan and the United States and became popular[4]..In addition, Taiwan's JD Corporation, co-founder of Razor USA[5]Started selling as JD Bug in-house, and the product is also sold in Japan under the JD Razor brand from JD Japan in Osaka.[6].

    1999/When folding scooters came to Japan around that time, they became popular among young people in urban areas as a convenient means of transportation that could be brought in when using the railroad, and became popular with children.Along with that, some insane users have come out, and some facilities have clearly stated that they are prohibited from using it.

    Accident etc.

    2000/In February, a user who collided with a pedestrian on a sidewalk in Tokyo in November of the previous yearSerious negligence injury crimeでDocument inspectionDone[7]In July of the same year, a fatal accident occurred in Kanagawa due to a fall.[8].

    Also, on October 2014, 10Consumer Affairs AgencyAnnounced that 9 cases of infants and children up to 2010 years old using a kick scooter and injured due to falls have occurred since 22, and one fatal accident has also occurred. Are[9].

    While electric kick scooters are becoming more popular due to their high convenience, it has been reported that accidents and traffic violations are occurring one after another. In June 2021, electric kick scooters were operated without a license in Tokyo. Then, ignore the red light and enter the intersection.A woman (who also has a broken bone) suspected of colliding with a taxi and causing minor injuries to a male passenger's headAct on Punishment for Acts that Cause Death or Injury to People by Driving a Car(Car driving death and injury punishment law) On suspicion of violation etc.Tokyo District Public Prosecutor's OfficeIt was reported in August of the same year that the policy of sending documents was decided.[10]..In Fukuoka Prefecture, a total of 2021 traffic violations have been confirmed by July 7.The most common sidewalk traffic (18 cases) was that the offender said, "I didn't have a helmet and I was scared and walked on the sidewalk."[11].

    Types

    Folding type (polyurethane wheel mounting type)

    the 1990sA motorcycle scooter that appeared in the second half and became mainstream after that.Aluminum alloyThe total weight is limited to about 3 kg, and it can be folded into a small size and carried around.pavementSimilar to roller skating, assuming driving only on the roadPolyurethaneMadeWheel(Wheel)[12]have.Early wheels were 98mm in diameter[13], 200mm products have appeared as the diameter has increased, and some of them are air.タ イ ヤThere are also products equipped with.Rear wheelFender (mudguard)Also serves as a brake, and decelerates by stepping on this and suppressing the rotation of the rear wheels.

    Skate parkEtcStuntI do(English edition)AlsoWestern,OceaniaIn 2008 and 2009, a full-scale stunt scooter that abolished the folding mechanism was released.[14].

    Pneumatic tire mounting type

    About 12 inches, which has been used before the foldable typeBicycle tiresとRim brakeTwo-wheeled scooter equipped with.When distinguishing from the above-mentioned polyurethane wheel wearing typePneumatic scooter (Pneumatic scooter),Big scooter It is called (Big scooter) etc.Although it has decreased with the advent of the cheaper and easier foldable type, there is demand in fields where ride quality and stability are important.

    In EuropeFoot bike Other than the race using a large thing called (Footbike)[15], Powered by dogs(English edition)There are also manufacturers specializing in pneumatics.

    BMXIn America wherethe 1980sScooter incorporating elements of freestyle BMX was released by each BMX maker in the latter half[16]..These distinguish them from traditional scootersScootCalled, as its snow versionSnowscootWas born.Even folding scooters are often called scoots in the stunt world.

    Three-wheel type, four-wheel type

    deckGrab the handle fixed to the ride "Kick board","Skater, "Stickboard", etc.In addition to being more stable than the two-wheel type, it has the advantages of being self-supporting and being able to ride with one hand.

    For toddlers

    Mainly for infants aged 3-5 years who are not yet able to ride a bicycleTricycleWind thing.steelIn a frame made ofPlasticMany products have a made exterior.In addition to this, a three-wheel type (front two-wheel) that claims to foster a sense of balance is on sale.

    Powered

    Attach the motor to the front wheel of a normal folding scooterMotorized scooterOther products[17], Personally madeJet engineThere is even an example of installing[18].

    In addition, in Japan's Road Traffic Law, the electric kick scooter isscooters or AutomobileWill be treated as (#Legal treatment in Japanreference)

    Legal treatment in Japan

    Unpowered

    According to Article 76, Paragraph 4, Item 3 of the Road Traffic Act, "Playing ball games, roller skating, or similar acts on roads with frequent traffic. ] Is regulated with penalties.This article does not specify a vehicle or playset and is subject to regulation if it is "roller skating or similar".There is no clear standard for this "frequent", but it is generally understood that there is a traffic volume that may cause a danger of traffic with other pedestrians and vehicles.[19].

    A kick scooter without powerRoad Transport Vehicle ActAbovenon-motorized vehicleare categorized.Also, because it does not have pedals that transmit force, etc.BicycleNot classified as[2]. However,Road Traffic LawThen, it is not a light vehicle but a playset, and it is said that "traffic is frequent.道路There is also an interpretation that the use in[2].

    August 2021, 6,Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryIn response to inquiries from manufacturers of unpowered kick scooters regarding the handling of the Road Traffic Act in the gray zone elimination system ofNational Public Safety CommissionGave the following answer.[20][21][22]

    • Kick scooters are not currently widely and generally used for the transportation of people or goods and are not expected to be used as such.
    • The need to regulate kick scooters as "cars" under the Road Traffic Act is not recognized, and it is understood that they do not fall under "cars".
    • Those who use kick skaters are understood to be pedestrians under the Road Traffic Act.
    • Therefore, the kick scooter does not fall under the light vehicle specified in Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item 11 (a) of the Road Traffic Act.

    Even before the legal treatment was clarified, in the manufacture and sale of kick scooters, "Public roadPlease refrain from using it in "."[23]..Since the design differs depending on the model, such as the presence or absence of a brake, it is recommended to check with the manufacturer or retailer for use on public roads.[2].

    Powered

    Kick scooters with electric motors and internal combustion engines are legally subject to both the Road Traffic Act and the Road Transport Vehicle Act.Motorized bicycle or AutomobileBe treated[3]..Therefore, if you drive a kick scooter with an electric motor or internal combustion engine that does not comply with various regulatory laws and regulations as it is on a public road, you are legally driving a motorized bicycle or a car, and if it is left as it is, you will be punished by various laws and regulations. Will be.It is obliged to wear a helmet, equipped with mirrors, etc. to comply with the safety standards of the law.

    Kick scooter that can run on public roads

    As of 2019, with brand names such as Palway and AirwheelSafety standards for road vehiclesProducts that meet the requirements are now on sale.Some products have a maximum speed of about 30km / h, while others have a maximum speed of less than 20km / h.If the maximum speed is less than 20km / h,Safety standards for road vehiclesThe application of is slightly relaxed.

    Commercially available products have the following characteristics.

    • Although structurally a kick scooter, it has a sufficiently rigid body frame.It is driven by a battery such as lithium ion.Equipped with pneumatic small inch tires.
    • Equipped with steps to put both feet on the left and right sides of the frame.Ride in a standing position on the vehicle body.
    • The handle part has a foldable structure.brake,Horn, Headlights, rear reflectors, number lights.Turn signal, Taillights, and brake lights.
      • According to safety standards, there must be two brakes.If the maximum speed is less than 2km / h, the standard is relaxed and no taillights, brake lights, turn signals, or speedometers are required.[24]However, for safety reasons such as at night, it is desirable to equip tail lights, brake lights, and turn signals.

    Saitama PrefectureUrawamisono StationIn the surrounding area, a demonstration project of a shared electric scooter by Wind Mobility was carried out from March 2019 to April 3.[25][26]..This skater is equipped with tires with a diameter of about 20 cm, and the lever near the right grip is the accelerator and the lever near the left grip is the brake.Push down each lever to accelerate and brake.Since there are no turn signals or brake lights, a hand signal is obligatory.[25].

    By lawMotorized bicycleThe following obligations are imposed because it becomes a (moped):

    In addition, Automotive Damages Protection ActBased onPersonal injuryAgainstRestitution for DamagesFor everyFaultless liabilityIs applied.Therefore,Voluntary car insuranceIt is desirable to join in accordance with.

    Special electric kick scooter based on the Industrial Competitiveness Enhancement Law

    2021/(Reiwa 3nd year) April 4,Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryUses the "new business special system" based on the Industrial Competitiveness Enhancement Law, and for specific businesses, in some areas (described later)Public roadThe sharing service plan of the electric kick scooter as a demonstration experiment in Japan was certified.In this demonstration experiment, an electric kick scooter rented by a certified business operator (hereinafter referred to as "Special electric kick scooterCalled. ), The driving conditions different from the conventional ones as listed below (Taizi) Applies.[28][29][30][31]

    The above driving conditions apply only to the special electric kick scooter.Not applicable to uncertified businesses or privately owned electric kick scootersIt should be noted that

    Areas subject to demonstration experiments for each certified company[28]Is as shown in the following table.

    Table: Areas targeted for demonstration experiments and certification dates for each special electric kickboard certified business operator[Note 1]
    Certification dateLuup Co., Ltd.Mobby ride Co., Ltd.EXx Co., Ltd.Hasegawa Kogyo Co., Ltd.SWALLOW GKGK E-KONBRJ Co., Ltd.EBoard Co., Ltd.mile Co., Ltd.
    R3/4/23Osaka,Shinagawa,Shibuya,Shinjuku,Setagaya,Minato-ku, Tokyo,MeguroFukuoka CityFujisawa,Kashiwa, Shibuya Ward, Setagaya Ward,ToyookaOsaka City,Chiba
    R3 / 7 / 9Minamisoma City
    R3 / 7 / 28Obuse
    R3 / 7 / 30Himeji
    R3 / 9 / 2Karuizawa
    R3 / 9 / 30Uji city,Kyoto City,Chuo-ku, Tokyo,,Chiyoda,Yokohama city Kanagawa ward,Naka-ku, Yokohama,Nishi Ward, Yokohama
    R / 10/18Tachikawa
    R3 / 11 / 1Himeji
    R3 / 12 / 10Nada Ward, Kobe City,神 戸 市 兵 庫区,神 戸 市 中央 区
    R3 / 12 / 17Nishi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi
    R3 / 12 / 28Bunkyo,Taito,Sumida,Koto,Nakano,Suginami,ToshimaWhereabouts
    R4 / 2 / 18Sumida Ward, Koto Ward,Akishima-shi,Kodaira,Kokubunji,National city,Higashiyamasa,Musashimurayama-shi,Tokorozawa
    R4 / 3 / 22Taito Ward, Minato Ward, Shinagawa Ward,Ota, Sumida Ward
    R4 / 5 / 20Sendai city
    R4 / 6 / 2Yorii Town, Saitama Prefecture

    There are roads, etc. that are not subject to special exceptions even within the target area of ​​the demonstration experiment.[28][29]..In order to pass through such a section / area, you must get off the special electric kick scooter and walk while pushing.[31].

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ "Enjoy the kickboard!”. Internet Watch (October 2000, 2). 2015/3/22Browse.
    2. ^ a b c d e "Japan Kick Scooter Association". 2015/3/22Browse.
    3. ^ a b "Please be sure to read if you use the electric kick scooter on public roads.”. Japan Kick Scooter Association. 2015/3/22Browse.
    4. ^ Folding Scooter Story: msg # 00015(English) -In 2000Wall Street JournalArticle that was published in
    5. ^ Razor USA LLC Company Profile-Yahoo! Finance(English)[Broken link]
    6. ^ Even in Japan, some low-priced products are sold as "JD Bug", but JD Bug is not a subordinate brand of JD Razor.
    7. ^ Asahi Shimbun evening edition 2000-02-03 (reduced edition).It is said that he ran through pedestrians.
    8. ^ Asahi Shimbun 2000-07-27 (reduced edition).Fall downhill.
    9. ^ "Kick scooter, children's fall accidents one after another calling attention"Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2014, 10). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASDG17H0R_X11C14A0CR8000/ 
    10. ^ "[Original] Ignore red light with electric skater, send documents to a woman who has caused a personal injury ... First application of" dangerous driving "". Yongo Shimbun Online(July 2021, 8). https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/20210825-OYT1T50419/ 2021/8/26Browse. 
    11. ^ "Electric skater accidents One after another Popular without "denseness", do not follow the rules-Safety issues". JIJI.COM (September 2021, 9). 2021/9/5Browse.
    12. ^ For what was integrally moldedHubUsually, due to the reason why it became larger by addingタ イ ヤIs not called.
    13. ^ Uses an inline skating hub with a width of 24 mm and a shaft of 8 mm.Initially, smaller hubs were usually used for wheels with a diameter of 76-78 mm, but later expanded.
    14. ^ "Micro XT" (2008) and "Razor Ultra Pro Model" (2009)
    15. ^ IKSA --the world of scooter and kicksled sports(English) --Competition with foot bikes
    16. ^ Example at BMXmuseum.com:1987 GT Zoot Scoot,1987 SE Racing Rad Scoot
    17. ^ Bruch, H. et al. 2003. Micro Mobility Systems. Realizing the Scooter Dream. Case Study, University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen.(English) P23. "E-power"
    18. ^ Self-made jet engine / Zero machine / Part 5 --Banshu Labyrinth-Maya-
    19. ^ "Bicycle traffic rules | One-handed driving prohibited Q & A | Hiroshima Prefectural Police". www.pref.hiroshima.lg.jp. 2019/6/24Browse. "QXNUMX: What is a road with frequent traffic? Answer"
    20. ^ "Example of utilization of gray zone elimination system (METI / Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry)". Handling of kickboards without a motorMinistry of Economy, Trade and Industry. 2021/12/23Browse.
    21. ^ "Publication of the content of the response to the request for confirmation”. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. 2021/12/23Browse.
    22. ^ "Kickboard is not a" light vehicle "and is a" pedestrian "... Answer to prospective business owners in the gray zone.". response(July 2021, 6). https://response.jp/article/2021/06/15/346744.html 
    23. ^ "Kick scooter guide”. 2012 Sports & survival. 2015/3/22Browse.
    24. ^ For vehicles with a maximum speed of less than 20 km / h, Article XNUMX-XNUMX of the Safety Standards for Road Transport Vehicles applies.
    25. ^ a b "[Japan's first] Impressions of actually experiencing the shared electric scooter service "WIND" introduced at Urawa Misono Station → Easy, fun, and comfortable !!”(Japanese). Rocket news 24 (September 2019, 6). 2019/6/24Browse.
    26. ^ "-Japan's first mobility demonstration experiment using an electric kickboard-Share electric kickboard service "WIND" Two new bicycle parking ports have been added around Urawa Misono Station "...". Press Release/News Release Distribution Share No.1|PR TIMES. 2019/6/24Browse.
    27. ^ Except when crossing to get in and out of the road or entering the prescribed roadside zone for parking and stopping
    28. ^ a b c "Electric kick board”. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. 2022/6/13Browse.
    29. ^ a b c d e f "About the implementation of the demonstration experiment of the special electric kickboard”. Metropolitan Police Department. 2021/10/16Browse.
    30. ^ a b c d e f "A plan to demonstrate driving on public roads with an electric kickboard that allows you to wear a helmet is certified as a "new business special system" EXx, mobby ride, Luup, and Hasegawa Kogyo are planning to start sharing services”. Micromobility Promotion Council. 2021/10/16Browse.
    31. ^ a b c d e "Rules for safe riding (electric kickboard)”. Luup. 2021/10/16Browse.
    32. ^ "What is a small special license?Can I drive with a moped license?”. Zurich Insurance Company. 2021/10/20Browse.
    1. ^ The lineup of businesses is in the order of earliest date of certification for the first time, and in the case of the same day, the order of source listing.Municipalities are listed in the order in which they are listed, and if there is additional certification, the already certified municipalities are omitted.

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