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⛳ | Tiger, Baba Claus and others, the golf world is also Merry Christmas!On the other hand, McIlroy ...

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Tiger, Baba Claus and others, the golf world is also Merry Christmas!On the other hand, McIlroy ...

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Meanwhile, Rory McIlroy (Northern Ireland) is training on Christmas Eve!

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Laurie McIlroy

Laurie McIlroy, MBE(Rory McIlroy, another notationRory McIlroy,Laurie McCloyな ど[2].1989/May 5 -) isUnited Kingdom,Northern IrelandDown CountyFrom hollywoodProfessional golfer.. 2015-16/2018-19Fedex cupOverall victory. Has achieved four major conquests.World Golf RankingReturned to No. 5 in 1 years. (Week 2020 of 6 to Week 2020 of 28) However, it took place in Week 2020 of 29Memorial TournamentWonJohn LarmThe result was to surrender the 1st place.

2007/, At the age of 17World Amateur Golf RankingAt the same time, he turned to a professional in September of the same year, leaving a track record such as being in the lead position for one week.European PGA TourParticipated in. On the European Tour 2009PGA TourThe first victory was given in 2010. Also in 2010Rider cupIn addition to participating as a European representative, in the amateur age also had representative experience such as participating in the 2004 Junior Rider Cup.

2011/May 6,US OpenWith a total of 16 unders and a record of 2 strokes in second place, he achieved the first major victory. McIlroy was 8 at this time,1923/Won the US OpenBobby jonesIt is the youngest record next to (21 years old at that time), "Young people who are expected most in the future[3]There are also media that describe it. This victory also means that in the 2011th week of 25World Golf RankingThen I moved from 8th place last week to 4th place[4].


Northern IrelandThe capital ofBelfastHollywood, a port city in the suburbs with a population of about 12,000  (Holywood Born in Gary, the only son of Rosie McIlroy[5].. Father Gerry McIlroy himself is a skillful golfer who has also played scratch (no handicap)[6], Raleigh has been her father since she was 18 months oldGolfBe taught[7][8]By the time he was two years old, he showed off his golf talent as a young child by flying 2 yards (about 40 meters).[9].. With a personality that is passionate about sports, almost every dayゴ ル フ 場Couch to take you to a newク ラ ブHe gave me a present as a gift, and my father taught me how to grasp the correct grip, and even when I went to sleep at night, I brought the club to my bed and slept while holding the club properly. AlsoNick FaldoI liked the golf technique video released by[10].. When McIlroy's golfing talent began to bloom, his father Gerry worked and his mother Rosie was there.3MWorked out night work at a factory in[11].. Eventually McIlroy was unbeatable at a competition of the same age,FloridaMiamiWorld Championships of 9-10 Years Group at Doral Golf Resort and Spa[7][12].

McIlroy first learned to play golf at the local Hollywood golf club, which is still McIlroy's home course. Founded in 1904, this Hollywood golf club is a Parkland course with 18 holes totaling over 6,000 yards and a par score from the back tees of 69, which McIlroy needs to become a top player on the course. Described as a course that has learned all skills[13].. McIlroy became a member of the club (the youngest member ever) at the age of seven[14], Practiced under Michael Bannon, a former professional golfer in the club. Bannon is still McIlroy's coach and dedicated leader[15]..There are several great golf courses near this club, some of which are known for their Royal Bellfast Golf Club and difficult courses.US Golf Digest MagazineSome of the best courses outside the United States have been described by the Royal Country Down Golf Club.[16].

Professional career


McIlroyEuropean PGA TourThe day before "British Masters"2007/May 9Declared pro conversion to. In the British Masters, who started from the next day, he finished in 290 strokes (+2) and was in 42nd place.

At the Alfred Dunhill Links Championship in October, when he won, he made a breakthrough with 10 strokes to 3rd place. In addition, in the European tour "Open de Madrid" of the next week, he took 3th place and won the seed right of 4. The award amount for the 2008 season was 2007EuroThe prize money was ranked 95th[17].


December 2007 before the season,Tiger woodsWas invited to the Target World Challenge, an off-season golf tournament sponsored by the company, but declined due to schedule reasons.McIlroy said, "I was shocked to invite myself to become a professional," he said. "Just in this match, I have to participate in the AT & T National hosted by Tiger in July next year. If that happens, the schedule will collide with next year's European Open. It's foolish not to participate in the European Open, "he said.[18][19].

The 2008 season started from the UBS Hong Kong Open, but against the line under 1 in the qualifying round, 1 shots in the first round, 69 shots in the second round, and 2 overs[20].AustraliaAt the MasterCard Masters held in, he is picking up with 15th place Thailand.

2008/May 1AttachedWorld golf rankingSo, for the first time, I entered the top 200.

XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Switzerland OfClan MontanaHeld atOmega European MastersAt the end of the day, McIlroy came in 2th place to 4nd place and reached the final day in the top position, but missed the victory by missing the 18 foot putt of 4 holes on the last day, and the victory and defeatFranceWas brought to the playoff with Jean-Francois Rykin. Eventually McIlroy dropped the two-foot putt and Ryukin won the 2-foot putt to win[21].

In the 2008 season, he entered the 100th place in the world ranking and was ranked 36th in the European tour prize money.


After finishing second in the UBS Hong Kong Open in November 2008[22]McIlroy enters the 19th position in the world golf ranking with the youngest record of 6 years and 50 months. (This record will beRyo IshikawaMatteo ManaceroBroke by After that, he was ranked 3rd in the South African Open, and the final ranking of the 2008 World Golf Ranking was 39th. With this result, only 18 months after turning professional, it will be held in April 2009MastersWill receive an invitation from. McIlroy's first professional win was held in February 2009Dubai Desert ClassicWith this victory, the world ranking rose to 16th place[23].

At the 2009 WGC Accenture Match Play Championship, McIlroy advanced to the fourth round. In the first roundSouth AfricaDefeated 2 & 1 in the 2nd round, defeated 1-up in the 3nd round, defeated 4 & 3 in the 4rd round, but in the XNUMXth roundJeff OgilvieLost 2 & 1.After that, OgilbyPaul Casey,Stewart sinkHave won and won[24].. McIlroy participated in the PGA Tour until May, 5th place in Honda Classic,CA Championship20th place in Thailand and 19th place at the Shell Houston Open.

In April 2009, McIlroy made his first appearance in the Masters as his first major competition. The final ranking was 4th with a total of 2 under. In the flight distance ranking among qualifying playersDustin JohnsonWas the third place after,[25].. I played in two games after the Masters,The Players ChampionshipThen the qualifying has failed.

Before returning to Europe and competing in the US Open, he finished fifth in the BMW PGA Championship and 5th in the European Open, finishing in the top 12 in two games. The second major round of 2US OpenThe final round was 68 strokes (2 underscore), resulting in a 10th place tie and the first major tournament to enter the top 10. 15th at the BMW International Open the following week. In JulyBritish OpenFirst appearance in 47th place in Thailand, in AugustNational Professional Golf ChampionshipThen, it was the third best in Thailand and second only to the 3 US Open championship.

At the 2009 Race to DubaiLee WestwoodThe season ended in second place, followed by NovemberSergio GarciaIt was the second youngest in the world to rank in the top 10 for the first time (9th place). Also in the 2010 seasonPGA TourAnnounced to participate in[26].

Gary Player"If you keep going, and with proper guidance, you'll be the best player in the world for his age... ... but he'll get a body like Tiger Woods," he said. Will this young player go to the gym at 6am? I don't know, does he have the strength of Tiger Woods and all the other abilities?[27].. "It has said. McIlroy will be in DecemberSun City (South Africa)Gary player was invited to participate in the tournament host Nedbank Golf Challenge, which was held in, but he is out due to his physical condition.


The 2010 season was a good start, with third place in the Abu Dhabi HSBC Golf Championship.Dubai Desert ClassicThen, although he missed consecutive wins by going around the final day with 73 strokes, he finished in 5th place.

At the 2010 WGC Accenture Match Play Championship, he lost 1-up in the first leg but lost to the playoffs. After this championship, he left the tour temporarily because of back pain.

Two weeks later, returning, McIlroy participated in the Honda Classic with the result being 2th place tie.

On May 5, McIlroy won his first PGA Tour title at the Quail Hollow Championship. On the final day of starting with 2 under, it was a reversal victory that recorded 5 of course records with 1 eagle and 8 birdies[28]Tiger Woods was the youngest PGA Tour winner in history to beat the tour's first victory at the age of 1996 in 21[29].. This victory has earned him two years of PGA Tour seed rights. June 2, McIlroy will be at the Memorial Skins Tournament (OhioIn DublinJack NiclasDesigned byGolf course, Held at the Muirfield Village Golf Club), and went round with Tiger Woods, who began to be compared to something. The result was 10th place Thailand.

McIlroy, who participated in the British Open on July 7, is the first daySt Andrews Old CourseHe scored a record score of 9 under 63, which shows good compatibility with. 63 strokes is the minimum stroke count tie (course record) in the British Open with a history of 150 years, only McIlroy recorded on the first day[30].. No. 17, commonly known as "Road holeIf he didn't fail Putt, the record would have grown further. The next Friday, the weather was bad and it collapsed with 80 strokes. With 68 hits on Saturday and 69 hits on Sunday, the final ranking was tied 3rd and the world ranking rose to 7th.

In the US professional golf championship in August, he hit the 8rd putt on the 15th green to fall from the top tie, and the birdie putt on the final hole also slipped off slightly, missing the playoffs and finishing 3rd. In the playoffMartin kaimer Bubba WatsonDefeated and won the championship. This is the third time McIlroy has finished third in a major competition.

Made on August 10Rider cupParticipated in as a European national team and contributed to the victory of Europe by earning 0.5 points in individual draws. In November after the Ryder Cup, McIlroy announced that the European tour will be the main battlefield for the 11 season. He will continue to play 2011 to 11 games on the US tour, but not as a tour member. Reasons include having close friends on the European Tour, my role in winning the Ryder Cup, and being close to my girlfriend and family.[31][32].


2011/, Major first matchMastersHe started from the top position on the final day, but lost his score greatly and eventually dropped to 15th place. However, in the second round of majorUS OpenI recorded a new record for the tournament, 16 under[33]Major first victory[34].

Private life

Professional since July 2011TennisAthlete'sCaroline WozniackiDating[35], Announced January 2014, 1[36]Abandoned their engagement in May[37].. Then in 2014, he was associated with the National Professional Golf Association staff Erica Stall and officially engaged in 2015.[38].. We had a wedding on April 2017, 4[39].. On August 2020, 8, her first daughter was born and named Poppy Kennedy McIlroy.

Overall record (29 wins)

PGA Tour (20 wins)

Usage Guide
Major Tournament (4)
World Golf Championships (3)
FedEx Cup Playoffs (5)
Other (8)
DateTournament nameScoreUnder parDifference from second place2nd place (Thailand)
12010/5/2Quail Hollow Championship72–73–66–62 = 273)-154 strokesUnited States flag Phil Mickelson
22011/6/19US Open65–66–68–69 = 268-168 strokesAustralian flag Jason Day
32012/3/4The Honda Classic66-67-66-69 = 268-122 strokesUnited States flag Tiger woods,United States flag
42012/8/12National Professional Golf Championship67-75-67-66 = 275-138 strokesEngland flag
52012/9/3Deutsche Bank Championship65-65-67-67 = 264-201 strokesSouth African flag
62012/9/9Bmw championship64-68-69-67 = 268-202 strokesUnited States flag Phil Mickelson,England flag Lee Westwood
72014/7/20British Open67-75-67-66 = 275-172 strokesUnited States flag Ricky Fowler,Spanish flag Sergio Garcia
82014/8/3WGC Bridgestone Invitational69-64-66-66 = 265-152 strokesSpanish flag Sergio Garcia
92014/8/10National Professional Golf Championship66-67-67-68 = 268-161 strokesUnited States flag Phil Mickelson
102015/5/3WGC Cadillac Match Play4 & 2United States flag
112015/5/17Wells Fargo Championship (2)70-67-61-69 = 267−217 strokesUnited States flag , United States flag
122016/9/5Deutsche Bank Championship71-67-66-65 = 269-152 strokesEngland flag Paul Casey
132016/9/25The Tour Championship68-70-66-64 = 268−12play offUnited States flag ,United States flag
142018/3/18Arnold Palmer Invitation270−183 strokesUnited States flag Bryson Dechambeau
152019/3/17The Players Championship272−161 strokesUnited States flag Jim Furik
162019/6/9RBC Canadian Open67-66-64-61 = 258−227 strokesIrish flag Shane Raleigh (golfer), United States flag Webb Simpson
172019/8/25The Tour Championship (2) 66-67-68-66 = 267−1814 strokesUnited States flag Zander Schaufele
182019/11/3HSBC Champions67-67-67-68 = 269−19play offUnited States flag Zander Schaufele
192021/5/9Wells Fargo Championship (3)278−101 strokesMexican flag
2017 OctoberCJ Cup68-67-62-66 = 263−251 strokesUnited States flag

1Started tournament at −5 FedEx Cup playoffs adjustment, scored −13 to par.

Playoff record (1–2)

12012Wells Fargo ChampionshipUnited States flag Ricky Fowler, United States flagFowler won the birdie in the first hole.
22014The Honda ClassicUnited States flag , Scottish flag , United States flagIn the first hole, Henry won the birdie.
32016Tour championshipUnited States flag , United States flagIn the 4th hole, birdie was decided and win.

European Tour (14 wins)

Major championships (4)
World Golf Championships (3)
Race to Dubai finals series (2)
Other European Tour (5)

No.dateTournamentScoreUnder parDifference from second place2nd place (Thailand)
12009/2/1Dubai Desert Classic64-68-67-70 = 269−191 strokesEngland flag Justin Rose
22011/6/19US Open65-66-68-69
= 268
−168 strokesAustralian flag Jason Day
32011/12/4UBS Hong Kong Open
(Asian Tour(Co-sponsored with)
= 268
−122 strokesFrench flag
42012/8/12National Professional Golf Championship67-75-67-66
= 275
−138 strokesEngland flag
52012/11/25DP World Tour Championship Dubai66-67-66-66
= 265
−232 strokesEngland flag Justin Rose
62014/5/25BMW PGA Championship68-71-69-66
= 274
−141 strokesIrish flag
72014/7/20British Open67-75-67-66
= 275
−172 strokesUnited States flag Ricky Fowler,Spanish flag Sergio Garcia
82014/8/3WGC Bridgestone Invitational69-64-66-66Z
= 265
−152 strokesSpanish flag Sergio Garcia
92014/8/10National Professional Golf Championship66-67-67-68
= 268
−161 strokesUnited States flagPhil Mickelson
102015/2/1Dubai Desert Classic66-64-66-70
= 266
−223 strokesSwedish flag
112015/5/3WGC Cadillac Match Play4 & 2United States flag
122015/11/22DP World Tour Championship Dubai (2)68-68-65-66
= 267
−211 strokesEngland flag
132016/5/22Dubai Duty Free Irish Open67-70-70-69
= 276
−123 strokesWales flag , Scottish flag
142019/11/3HSBC Champions67-67-67-68
= 269
−19PlayoffUnited States flag Zander Schaufele

Australian PGA Tour Win (1)

No.dateTournamentScoreStrike2 bit
12013/12/1Emirates Australian Open-18 (69-65-70-66 = 270)1 strokesAustralian flag Adam Scott


4 major tournament results


LA = Low amateur
DNP = non-participation
T = Thailand
CUT = Not qualified

Background yellow = 10th place prize
Background green = winner

World Golf Championships results


DNP = non-participation
T = Thailand
CUT = Not qualified

Background yellow = 10th place prize
Background green = winner

R64, R32, R16, QF = defeated


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy – European Tour profile”. PGA European Tour. 2013/8/8Browse.
  2. ^ "Macroi? McIlroy? McCalloy? The notation you care about is correct... (Weekly Golf Digest 7/12)". Golf digest (September 2011, 7). 2011/8/10Browse.
  3. ^ "Raleigh McIlroy Profile”. Golf Information ALBA (June 2011, 6). 2011/7/8Browse.
  4. ^ "Official World Golf Ranking 2011, Week 25”(October 2011, 6). As of October 20, 2012original[Broken link]More archives.2011/7/8Browse.
  5. ^ NBC Sports television broadcast of 2011 US Open, June 19, 2011
  6. ^ NBC Sports television broadcast of 2011 US Open, June 19, 2011
  7. ^ a b "Thanks Dad: The best Father's Day present ever as golf's new superstar dedicates stunning US Open victory to his parents”. Daily Mail (June 2011, 6). 2011/6/20Browse.
  8. ^ Jim McCabe, Reporter for Golf Week (June 2011, 6). “McIlroy doesn't have to be Woods to win the US Open ". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2011/7/7Browse.
  9. ^ Celtic Tiger has golf by the tail, by Mark Lamport-Stokes, to Reuters, June 21, 2011
  10. ^ golfdigest.com, How Rory McIlroy won the US Open, June 20, 2011
  11. ^ NBC Sports television broadcast of 2011 US Open, June 18-19, 2011
  12. ^ NBC Sports coverage of 2011 US Open, June 19, 2011
  13. ^ http://www.holywoodgolfclub.co.uk
  14. ^ The Golf Channel, Morning Drive show, June 21, 2011
  15. ^ NBC Sports television broadcast of 2011 US Open, June 18-19, 2011
  16. ^ Golf digest magazine, May 2010, 100 Best Golf Courses in the World
  17. ^ "The 49th Chunichi Crowns Foreign Invited Player". 2011/8/25Browse.
  18. ^ Bernie McGuire (November 2007, 11). “McIlroy too busy for date with Tiger”. Independent.ie. http://www.independent.ie/sport/golf/mcilroy-too-busy-for-date-with-tiger-1219315.html 2011/7/15Browse. 
  19. ^ "McIlroy says no to Tiger, he's too busy!" 15 November 2007, Belfast Telegraph
  20. ^ “McDowell in contention after 66”. BBC News(July 2007, 11). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/golf/7097937.stm 2010/5/22Browse. 
  21. ^ "Crans-Montana – 1–4 September 2011”. Omega European Masters. 2011/6/19Browse.
  22. ^ [1][Broken link]
  23. ^ TWI Interactive. “Official World Golf Ranking – News – Full Story – 6/19/2011 3:18:46 pm”. Owgr.com. As of August 2013, 8original[Broken link]More archives.2011/6/19Browse.
  24. ^ "World Golf Championships-Accenture Match Play Championship – Rory McIlroy Scorecard”. Pgatour.com (February 2011, 2). As of June 28, 2011original[Broken link]More archives.2011/6/19Browse.
  25. ^ "Driving Distance Leaders – 2011 Masters Tournament”. Masters.com. 2011/6/19Browse.
  26. ^ Reason, Mark (November 2009, 11). “Rory McIlroy's self motivating qualities makes him favorite for the Race to Dubai”. The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/golf/europeantour/6599443/Rory-McIlroys-self-motivating-qualities-makes-him-favourite-for-the-Race-to-Dubai.html 2010/11/9Browse. 
  27. ^ Oliver Brown (April 2009, 4). “Rory McIlroy can become best in the world, says Gary Player”. The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/golf/mastersaugusta/5146009/Rory-McIlroy-can-become-best-in-the-world-says-Gary-Player.html 2011/7/15Browse. 
  28. ^ “R. McIlroy wins a big comeback! First victory on US tour!”. Golf information ALBA(July 2010, 5). http://www.alba.co.jp/news/article_l/no=11729 2011/7/15Browse. 
  29. ^ “Rory McIlroy breaks record to win maiden PGA Tour title”. BBC Sport(July 2010, 5). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/golf/8657581.stm 2010/5/4Browse. 
  30. ^ "Makki Roy Major Thailand 63!". Sponichi(July 2010, 7). http://www.sponichi.co.jp/sports/news/2010/07/16/20.html 2011/7/15Browse. 
  31. ^ “Rory McIlroy to focus on European Tour rather than PGA”. BBC Sport. (December 2010, 11). http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/golf/9169185.stm 2010/11/9Browse. 
  32. ^ "R. McIlroy, US Open Winner, Is It Possible To Return To US Tour?". Golf digest online(July 2011, 6). http://news.golfdigest.co.jp/tournament/hotnews/tne000002835501.html?car=28239a07 2011/7/15Browse. 
  33. ^ The record until then is in 2000Tiger woods12 under under.
  34. ^ McIlroy won for the first time, Ryo Ishikawa ranked 30th... National Golf -Sankei Shimbun-June 2011, 6
  35. ^ "[Celebrities who are too sloppy] A big couple in the sports world is born? Caroline Wozniacki and Laurie McIlroy's dinner date are witnessed!". Techinsight Japan. (July 2011, 7). http://japan.techinsight.jp/2011/07/kay1107192132.html 
  36. ^ "Golf = McIlroy and Wozniacki announce their engagement on Twitter"Reuters. (June 2014, 1). http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYEA0000U20140101 
  37. ^ "Golf = McIlroy and Engagement with Wozniacki"(July 2014, 5). http://jp.reuters.com/article/sportsNews/idJPKBN0E201T20140522 
  38. ^ McIlroy's wedding next April! Send invitation
  39. ^ McIlroy's wedding at the old castle! Strict caution with celebrity gathering Costs 1.3 million yen?

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外部 リンク

Graeme McDowell

Next generation:
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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland(English
Tuaisceart Éireann(Irish
Norlin Airlann(Ulster Scots
Regional slogan:God and my right
(French : God and my rights
Local song:Londonderry Air (virtually)
Northern Ireland location
Official terminologyEnglish,Irish,
Ulster Scots
Largest cityBelfast
United Kingdom KingElizabeth II
First Minister(Vacant seat)
Grand total13,843km2(N/A
Water area rateUnknown
Grand total(2020/1,908,250Man(N/A
The population density138 people/km2
total(2002/$332 billion (N/A
Per person19,603 dollar
InaugurationIrish Government Law (1920/)
currencyUK Pound (£) (GBP
Time zoneUTCGMT (UTC + 0) (STD: UTC + 1)
ISO-3166 1GB (GB-NIR)
ccTLD.ie, . Uk
International phone number353 48, 44 28
national flower : Shamrock
Patron saint : St. Patrick

Northern Ireland(Ireland, cameEnglish: Northern Ireland,Irish: Tuaisceart Éireann[1]Irish Pronunciation: [ˈT̪ˠuəʃcəɾˠt̪ˠˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ],Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) IsUnited KingdomIs part ofCountry, State, territory, region[2] [3] [4] [5] [6]..Northern IrelandIreland islandLocated in the northeastern part of the country, to the south and westRepublic of IrelandIt borders on the border. In 2011, the population was 1,810,863, accounting for about 30% of the Irish island population and about 3% of the UK population. Enacted in 1998Northern Irish lawWas founded byNorthern Ireland Parliament(Called Stormund after its location) is in charge of various authoritative policies, but in other areas.British GovernmentIs in charge.Northern Ireland is working with the Republic of Ireland in several areas[7].

Northern Ireland in 1920Irish Government LawIreland bysegmentationWhen it was done in 19216 counties in the northeastWas born as a decentralized government.Most of Northern Ireland's population were Unionists who wanted to stay in the United Kingdom.[8]..The majority of Northern Ireland's population is Protestant, descendants of British colonists.on the other hand,Southern Ireland(In 1922Free country of irelandThe majority and a significant minority of Northern Ireland want an independent Irish unityIrish nationalist(Nationalist) and Catholic[9] [10] [11] [12]..Today, the former generally consider themselves British, and the latter generally consider themselvesIrishI consider it to be Northern IrelandUlsterThose who claim their identity are a large minority of all backgrounds[13].

For the birth of Northern IrelandViolence on both sides of the defense and opposition to the divisionWas accompanied. The capital from 1920 to 22BelfastHas caused large-scale community violence, primarily by Protestant Unionists and Catholic nationalist civilians.[14].. More than 500 people died[15], More than 1 became refugees, most of whom were Catholics[16]..For the next few decades, the Unionist regime continued in Northern Ireland.[17]..Informal mutual separation by both communities[18]Was held, the First Minister of Northern IrelandDavid Trimble"A cold house for Catholics[19]The Unionist regime was accused of discrimination against Irish nationalist and Catholic minorities.[20].. In the late 1960s, a campaign to eliminate discrimination against Catholics and nationalists saw it as the front of the Republican.LoyalistOpposed by[21]..The republican and Loyalist paramilitary and military conflicts over 30 years have resulted in more than 3,500 lives and more than 50,000 injuries.Northern Ireland problemCaused[22] [23].. 1998 yearGood Friday Agreement(Good Friday Agreement) was a major step in the peace process, including disarmament of the quasi-army and normalization of security.Conflict between denominationsAnd quarantine remain a major social problem, and sporadic violence continues.[24].

Northern Ireland's economy was the most industrialized in Ireland at the time of the split,Northern Ireland problemDeclined as a result of political and social turmoil[25]..Northern Ireland's economy has grown significantly since the late 1990s.The first growth was due to "peace dividends" and increased trade with the Republic of Ireland, followed by a significant increase in tourism, investment and business from around the world.Northern Ireland's unemployment rate peaked at 1986% in 17.2, but reached 2014% in the June-August period of 6, a decrease of 8 percentage points in one year.[26], Similar to the UK figure of 6.2%[27].

Cultural connections in Northern Ireland, the rest of Ireland, and the rest of Britain are complex, with Northern Ireland sharing both Irish and British culture.In many sports, the island of Ireland makes up one team, but in footballNorthern Ireland Soccer National TeamIs an exception.Northern IrelandCommonwealth GamesThen I will participate separatelyOlympicSo if you ’re from Northern IrelandUnited KingdomIrelandYou can participate as a representative of either.


Established in 1920Irish Government LawByIreland islandWas divided into north and south, and autonomy was granted to each. Occurred after thatIrish War of IndependenceIs a peace treatyBritish love treatyBy the southern 26 prefectures based onFree country of irelandWas foundedUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandNorthern Ireland was also included within the jurisdiction of the Free State when it was more separated. But in the Irish Free State内 戦Has begun, and under the provisions of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Northern Ireland Assembly has announced its withdrawal from the Free State and will remain in the United Kingdom.

Since Ireland was annexed to Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Ireland in the 19th century, in Ireland (insisting on maintaining a coalition with Great Britain)NationalistThe conflict (claiming independence from Britain) continued. Since the days when the whole of Ireland was dominated by Britain, the Northern Ireland region has beenGreat BritainThe colonists were dominated by the colonists, and the unionists were strong. Also, many were not necessarily Irish or nationalists, and many thought that it would be advantageous to belong to the United Kingdom from an economic point of view.[28].. With this in mind, Northern Ireland remained under British rule.

In the late 1960s,The United States of America OfCivil rights movementWas affected by and was socially discriminated againstCatholicThe social movement that demands "one man, one vote" has become active,ProtestantThe Northern Irish government, which was the main body, suppressed this.The situation became tense, and serious divisions and conflicts arose.After that, until the early 1990sIRA ProvisionalBoth nationalists and unionists, includingPrivate soldierOrganizations and government authorities (British Army,) Continues to contend withBloody Sunday IncidentThousands of people were killed due to numerous armed crackdowns and terrorism.Northern Ireland conflictThe turmoil in society and the economy became extremely fierce.Northern Ireland ParliamentCouldn't handle this situation1972/May 3"1972 Northern Ireland Provisional Act (en: Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972) ”, The parliament was suspended, and the next1973/May 7"The 1973 Northern Ireland Constitution (en: Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973) ”Was officially abolished, the next1974/May 7"1974 Northern Ireland Act (XNUMX)en: Northern Ireland Act 1974) ”By the home country of EnglandPrivy CouncilHas come to be directly governed by.

In the 1990s, the path to peace began to be sought, and in 1998 by unionist and nationalist parties, private armies and the British and Irish governments.Belfast AgreementWas formed, and the Irish government abandoned Northern Ireland's sovereignty as a result of a referendum.Based on this, the Northern Ireland Assembly, in which all political parties participate, has been revived.Due to this achievement, he is the leader of a moderate party.David TrimbleJohn HumeToNobel Peace PrizeHas been awarded.Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland are guaranteed free traffic and borderInterrogationWas abolished[29].

Following the subsidence of terrorism by radicalsCitigroup,FujitsuNew direct investment by foreign companies is occurring one after another, and economic growth is achieved.

2016 yearsNational referendum asking whether Britain should leave the European UnionWith the majority of secessionists in favor, the border issue with the South resurfaced.About the handling of bordersBritish ParliamentBut the discussion was not settled, and the countryEuropean UnionBrexit was postponed until 2020, avoiding a strict border revival.Northern Ireland remains in the EU Single Market after December 2020, 12, when the withdrawal transition period ends, and is treated differently from other UK regions.[30][31]..instead of,Great BritainBetweenIrish seaIn the UKcustoms clearanceThere is a de facto boundary that requires procedures such as[29].


Before the Troubles in the 1960s, on the mainlandPolitical partyIn relation toUlster Unionist Party Conservative partyInstead ofLiberal partyInstead of, eachStormont Parliament(The Parliament of Northern Ireland・ It controlled the old parliament). About the mainlandLabor PartyDid not have a strong cooperative relationship with. In addition, if you want to unify IrelandShin FeinWas active.

From the latter half of the 1960s to the 1990s, the so-called "unionist and nationalist private army organizations that started with religious discrimination repeated turmoil and terrorism.Northern Ireland problem1972/The Stormont Parliament was abolished and direct rule by the British government began. Political parties were also strongly influenced by this social turmoil. The Ulster Unionist Party broke off its ties with the Conservative Party by criticizing it. The Ulster Liberal Democratic Party has changed into the Liberal Democratic Party, but has lost support and is now settling in a sister party to the Union Party. The Social Democratic Labor Party was formed by some members of the dismissed Northern Ireland Labor Party.

In recent years, there have been moves by major British political parties to participate in Northern Ireland elections. The Conservative Party has been sending out candidates since the late 1980s, but with little support.LDPIs supporting the Union Party.

After the Good Friday Agreement

Currently1998/ OfBelfast AgreementWas decided to be established by, but stopped functioning from 2002. Installed at the same timeNorthern Ireland Parliament(The Northern Ireland Assembly), but for the time being, it was forced to stop functioning due to conflicts among the parties.2003/In Northern Ireland's general election, hard-line Shin Fein and the Democratic-Unification Party gained more votes than moderates.2007/May 3In the same year, a self-governing function was established between Shin Fein and the DPJ.May 5Although the agreement was formed by resuming it more, the conflict over energy policy intensified and it stopped functioning again in January 2017. On January 1, 2020, Shin Fein and the Democratic Unification Party agreed to rebuild the autonomous government, and the parliament resumed on the following day, 1th.[32].

Major political parties in the Northern Ireland Parliament and their seats (2022/As of March), see "Northern Ireland Parliament #Current Parliament"reference.

British House of RepresentativesIn the general election, 646 out of 18 seats were allocated to Northern Ireland according to the population ratio.2017 British General ElectionThe current number of seats determined by the Democratic Unification Party is 10 seats, Shin Fein has 7 seats, independent is 1 seat, and the Social Democratic Labor Party and Ulster Unification Party have lost seats. Shin Fein's legislators have not taken part in parliament due to the belief that they refused to take an oath to the Queen and regard Unified Ireland as an orthodox government. As a result of the 2017 general election, no party has a majority (Hang parliament)for,Conservative PartyThe administration isExternal cooperationWe started talks. Shin Fein has also been criticized for fighting against the Democratic Unification Party, and the attention to both parties is growing rapidly.

Administrative division


It consists of the following 11 administrative districts.

  1. Belfast
  2. A's And North Down
  3. Antrim and Newtown Abbey
  4. Lisburn and Castleley
  5. Newry Morn and Down
  6. Armor City Bunbridge and Craigavon
  7. Mid and East Antrim
  8. Causeway Coast and Glance
  9. Mid Ulster
  10. Delhi City and Stravan
  11. Farmana and Ommer

Other than BelfastLondonderry,armor,LisburnIs listed as a major city. Registered as a World Heritage SiteGiants CausewayAnd there are many tourist destinations including Causeway Coast.


Northern Ireland has the smallest economy of the four regions of England. The main industries were shipbuilding, rope and fiber manufacturing, but the ratio of service industry is gradually increasing. Although it has experienced stagnation for many years due to the Northern Ireland conflict, it has been regaining calm since the Heisei Era, with the unemployment rate improving due to the booming economy of both Britain and Ireland.

Per capitaGDP(GDP) is 2005 as of 19,603EuroAnd northwestEnglandRural andWalesMore than[33].. The unemployment rate, which had reached 1986% in 17.2, decreased to 2001% in 4.5[34]..Workers are characterized by working longer hours than in other UK regions and having less gender differences in income.[35].



Northern Ireland religion
Roman Catholic Church
No religionOr no answer
* May not add to 100% due to rounding
** Church of Ireland, Presbyterian Church in Ireland and others

A 2001 survey found that 45.5% of Northern Ireland's inhabitants were Protestant. In thisPresbyterian,Anglican Church of Ireland,MethodistEtc. are included. By contrast, Catholics accounted for 40.3%. Other 13.9% do not have a specific sect or religion[36].

Sense of belonging

According to other surveys, 38% of residents specify themselves as a unionist, as well as 24% say they are nationalists and 35% say they don't fit either.[37].. Fifty-nine percent said they would endorse the long-term view of British rule over Northern Ireland, with 59 percent supporting the formation of a unified Ireland.[38].. There are layers whose attitude is unclearNorthern Ireland Alliance PartyIs also supported by the fact that it receives a certain level of support. In recent elections, 54% voted for Protestant parties, 42% voted for Catholic parties, and the remaining 4% voted for other parties.

Republic of Ireland Nationality

All residents born before 2005CitizenshipWas automatically given. This is due to the provisions of the Republic of Ireland Nationality Act enacted in 2001 following the Belfast Agreement. The Belfast Agreement states that both Britain and Ireland grant all residents of Northern Ireland the right to be Irish or British. Even now, this applies to the majority of the population.



Due to its historical background, Northern Ireland has a culture of both British and Irish origin. The language isEnglishOthersIrishUlster Scots (enIs recognized as an official language. In the Republic of Ireland, many people have acquired Irish knowledge through the Irish revival movement, but in Northern Ireland, the revival movement is scarce. 2011%, and only 11% at the level of reading and writing. Ulster-Scottish is only 3.7% less literate and literate. Currently reflecting the increase in Chinese immigrantsChineseIs the second native language group.


As one of the symbols of this areaFlaxThere are flowers.

There is nothing special about the meal,[39]That breakfast is famous.bacon,Fried egg,Soda breadorPotato breadConsists of.


In Northern Irelandサ ッ カ ーRugby unionHas become the most popular sport.But among Catholics,Gaelic Games(Gaelic footballHarling) Is also very popular.

サ ッ カ ー

1890/The Irish Football League, a soccer league, was founded in Japan.2013/ToNIFL PremiershipIt has been renamed to.Soccer Northern Ireland National TeamSo farFIFA World CupHas participated three times in1958 competitionThen I got the best 8 results.UEFA European ChampionshipTo2016 competitionI participated for the first time in and advanced to the best 16.again,1960 eraから1970 eraThe name that was active insoccer player,George BestIs from Northern Ireland.

Other competitions

Rugby Ireland National TeamIs a joint team with Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and is known as a powerhouse in Europe.GolfThen,Laurie McIlroy 2011/ OfUS OpenStarting withMajor championshipIs controlled four times,Graham McDowell 2010/US Open,Darren ClarkIn 2011British OpenHave won each.snookerHas produced two world champions, Alex Higgins and Dennis Taylor.Motor sportsThen,John WatsonEddie IrvineTwo famous peopleF1Producing drivers.


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ An Roinn Dlí agus Cirt agus Comhionannais: Tuaisceart Éireann. Justice.ie. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  2. ^ "Statistic of the United Kingdom”. As of May 2016, 1originalMore archives.5/9/2021Browse.
  3. ^ "Northern Ireland". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015/10/11Browse.
  4. ^ S. Dunn; H. Dawson (2000), An Alphabetical Listing of Word, Name and Place in Northern Ireland and the Living Language of Conflict, Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, "One specific problem – in both general and particular senses – is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: in the general sense, it is not a country, or a province, or a state – although some refer to it contemptuously as a statelet: the least controversial word appears to be jurisdiction, but this might change. " 
  5. ^ J. Whyte; G. FitzGerald (1991), Interpreting Northern Ireland, Oxford: Oxford University Press, "One problem must be adverted to in writing about Northern Ireland. This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities. These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. ... some refer to Northern Ireland as a'province'. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government. " 
  6. ^ D. Murphy (1979), A Place Apart, London: Penguin Books, "Next – what noun is appropriate to Northern Ireland?'Province' won't do since one-third of the province is on the wrong side of the border.'State' implies more self-determination than Northern Ireland has ever had and'country' or'nation' are blatantly absurd.'Colony' has overtones that would be resented by both communities and'statelet' sounds too patronizing, though outsiders might consider it more precise than anything else; so one is left with the unsatisfactory word'region'. " 
  7. ^ Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; Government of Ireland (1998), Northern Ireland Peace Agreement (The Good Friday Agreement), http://peacemaker.un.org/node/1697 
  8. ^ "Standing up for Northern Ireland”.. As of January 2009, 5originalMore archives.2008/8/2Browse.
  9. ^ Richard Jenkin, 1997, Rethinking ethnicity: arguments and explorations, SAGE Publications: London: "In Northern Ireland the objectives of contemporary nationalists are the reunification of Ireland and the removal of the British government."
  10. ^ Peter Dorey, 1995, British politics since 1945, Blackwell Publishers: Oxford: "Just as some Nationalists have been prepared to use violence in order to secure Irish reunification, so some Unionists have been prepared to use violence in order to oppose it."
  11. ^ "Strategy Framework Document: Reunification through Planned Integration: Sinn Féin's All Ireland Agenda”. As of May 2006, 7originalMore archives.5/9/2021Browse.
  12. ^ "Policy Summaries: Constitutional Issues”.. As of January 2009, 6originalMore archives.2008/8/2Browse.
  13. ^ "Which of these best describes the way you think of yourself?". Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey (2014). 2016/3/24Browse.
  14. ^ Lynch, Robert.
  15. ^ Lynch (2019), p.99
  16. ^ Lynch (2019), pp.171–176
  17. ^ David McKittrick & David McVea.
  18. ^ McKittrick & McVea, p.18
  19. ^ David. “Nobel Lecture". The Nobel Prize. 2020/8/8Browse.
  20. ^ Gallagher, Tom.
  21. ^ Maney, Gregory.
  22. ^ "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulster.ac.uk. 5/9/2021Browse.
  23. ^ "CAIN: Northern Ireland Society --Security and Defense". cain.ulster.ac.uk. 5/9/2021Browse.
  24. ^ "The troubles were over, but the killing continued.
  25. ^ McCourt, Malachy (2004). History of Ireland. New York: MJF Books, Fine Communications. P. 324. ISBN +978-1-60671-037-1 
  26. ^ Department of Enterprise, Trade, and Investment: Full Economic Overview, 15 October 2014 Archived 7 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ Larry Elliott. “UK unemployment rate falls to lowest level since 2008 financial crisis". The Guardian. 5/9/2021Browse.
  28. ^ “Why is Northern Ireland part of the United Kingdom?”. The Economist,(November 2013, 11). ISSN 0013-0613. https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2013/11/07/why-is-northern-ireland-part-of-the-united-kingdom 2019/11/1Browse. 
  29. ^ a b Northern Ireland EU tariffs / "boundary" in the UK again fire / customs clearance increases dissatisfaction"Mainichi Newspapers』Morning edition September 2021, 3 (international) Viewed October 3, 2021
  30. ^ "Circumstances that made the fishery rights problem bigger”. Modern business. 2021/1/2Browse.
  31. ^ "Brexit completes new era for Britain". with the BBC. 2021/1/2Browse.
  32. ^ "The self-government government, which had collapsed in British Northern Ireland for three years, has been revived.. Sankei Shimbun(July 2020, 1). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/200112/wor2001120027-n1.html 2020/1/12Browse. 
  33. ^ Regional GDP per capita in the EU25. 25 January 2005. Eurostat. URL accessed 10 May 2006.
  34. ^ "Northern Ireland's economic fears"22 June 2001. Orla Ryan, BBC. URL accessed 10 May 2006.
  35. ^ Economic Overview2006. Northern Ireland DETI. URL accessed 10 May 2006.
  36. ^ Population in Northern Ireland: breakdown by religious denomination, Census 2001
  37. ^ Ark survey, 2003. Answer to the question "Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a unionist, a nationalist or neither?"
  38. ^ Ark survey, 2004. Answers to the question "Do you think the long-term policy for Northern Ireland should be for it to [one of the following]"
  39. ^ "The Ulster fry". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 2020/6/9Browse.

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