Portal field news

Portal field news

in

🏛 | What was the "3% wage increase"?Real wages are down 1.8% year-on-year!Economist's help "Yoho ...


写真 

What was the "3% wage increase"?Real wages are down 1.8% year-on-year!Economist's help "Yoho ...

 
If you write the contents roughly
In other words, it is actually 2020 percentage points lower than the average wage in 14.8 = see chart.
 

"I expect a wage increase of over 3%!"It was last year that I heard Prime Minister Fumio Kishida's brave call to an economic organization ... → Continue reading

 J-CAST News


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

    Add link

    Average wage

    Average wage(Heikingingin) is a concept in labor law in Japan.(I.e.,Dismissal notice allowanceIt becomes the basis of calculation such aswageThat is.Labor Standards Act(Act No. 22 of 49), etc.

    • Regarding the Labor Standards Law, only the number of articles is described below.

    Article

    Article 12

    In this law, the average wage is the average wage in the three months prior to the date when the reason for calculating it occurred.WorkerThe total amount of wages paid to the company divided by the total number of days in the period. (Omitted below)

    Calculation period

    The period for calculating the average wage (“three months before the date when the reason for calculating this occurred” in the article) isIf there is a wage deadline, it will be calculated from the immediately preceding wage deadline.(Article 12, Paragraph 2).For those who are less than 3 months after hiring, the calculation is based on the period after hiring (Article 12 (6)), but even in this case, if there is a wage deadline, the wage deadline immediately before is in principle. Calculated from the day (April 23, 4, basic wage No. 22).However, if it is still less than one wage calculation period (a period less than one month) when calculated from the immediately preceding wage deadline, it will be calculated from the date of occurrence of the event (April 1065, 1, basic income No. 1).If a calculation event occurs on the wage deadline, it will be calculated from the immediately preceding wage deadline, not on that day.

    • Not accompanied by dismissalTransferIn the case of, if there is a reason to calculate the average wage within 3 months after the transfer, it may be treated as calculating the average wage for the total of 3 months of the old company (April 27, 4). Nikkei No. 21).
    • Retirement ageIn the later reemployment, if the employee is reemployed for the same job after retirement, it is considered to be one continuous labor relationship, so the average wage is calculated within 3 months after the reemployment. If an event occurs, the average wage will be calculated based on the total of three months before retirement (January 3, 45, No. 1).

    Calculation period deduction period

    If there is a period corresponding to one of the following items during the calculation period, the number of days and wages during that period will be deducted from the calculation period and the total wage (Article 12, Paragraph 3). ..

    1. Period of absence for medical treatment due to work injury or illness (Business accident)
    2. Prenatal and postnatal women are closed according to the provisions of Article 65 (Maternity leave) Period
    3. userPeriod of suspension due to reasons attributable to
    4. Childcare leaveOrNursing care leavePeriod (Law concerning welfare of workers who take childcare or family care, such as childcare leave and family care leave(Act No. 3 of 76) Article 2)
    5. Trial period
      • If the average wage must be calculated during the trial period, it will be calculated using the number of days and wages during the trial period (Article 3 of the Enforcement Regulations).If a reason for calculating the average wage occurs after the trial period has passed and the average wage is calculated, and the average calculation cannot be performed because the calculation period is all the trial period, the wage and the number of days after the trial period Use the method of Article 12, Paragraph 1 (July 2, 7, Basic Revenue No. 4).
    6. LegitimateDisputeHoliday period (March 29, 3, No. 31)
    7. UnionOffice workFull-timePeriod during the period (January 25, 1, No. 18)

    If the period from 1 to 4 extends for 3 months or more before the date when the reason for calculating the average wage occurs, orHire dateIf there is a reason to calculate the average wage, the average wage isPrefectural Labor BureauAccording to the provisions of the chief (Article 4 of the Enforcement Regulations).This is intended to be decided individually by the director of the prefectural labor bureau when the need arises (March 23, 3, No. 27).For those who have an extremely short period after hiring (such as when an accident occurs on the 461nd or 2rd day after hiring), Article 3 (4) (12 after hiring) instead of Article 6 of the Enforcement Regulations. Those who are less than a month) are used (April 3, 23, basic income No. 4).

    • If a prospective hire is ordered to wait at home from the beginning due to company reasons, he should pay(I.e.In the calculation, the start date of waiting at home is the "hiring date", and the prefectural labor bureau chief sets the average wage based on Article 4 of the enforcement regulations (March 50, 3, Labor Standards Bureau, Labor Standards Bureau, Supervision Division, Wage Welfare) Department Planning Division Managers Federation).

    Wages not included in the wages on which the calculation is based

    The "total wages" in the text includes all wages stipulated in Article 11 paid during the calculation period.The average wage is not calculated as the daily wage (labor unit price) worked.Amount per day to live by the wages receivedI will take it as such. The average daily wage calculated by dividing the "total wage" by the "total number of days" (the number of calendar days in three months) is rounded down to the nearest sen (based on November 3, 1). Departure No. 1).

    However, "total wages" does not include extraordinary wages, wages paid every period exceeding 3 months, and wages paid in other than currency that do not fall within a certain range ( Article 12, paragraph 4).

    • "Extraordinary wages" are those paid on the basis of extraordinary or unexpected reasons, and the payment conditions are fixed in advance, but the occurrence of payment reasons is uncertain and very rarely. It refers to what occurs (marriage allowance, etc.).Regardless of the name, anything that does not fall under this category is not considered to be "temporarily paid wages" (No. 22 issued on September 9, 13).
    • Whether or not it corresponds to "wage paid for a period exceeding 3 months" is not the wage payment period, butCalculation periodIt is decided by.For exampleCommuting allowanceDoes not apply even if the payment is less than 3 times a year, so commute for 6 monthsCommuter passIf the wages are paid twice a year, the wages for each month will be prepaid and must be included in the total wages (November 2, 26, basic income No. 11).
    • Within 3 times a yearBonusIs excluded from the basis for calculating average wages, but the term "bonus" here means that the amount of payment is not fixed in advance, and that the amount of payment is fixed does not correspond to "bonus".If the annual salary system is the sum of the monthly payment portion and the bonus portion and the annual salary amount is fixed in advance, the bonus portion has already been fixed and must be included in the basis for calculating the average wage.
    • Even unpaid portionReceivableIf it is established as, it can be included in the calculation basis.

    When wages are paid in a currency other than currency (in the case of), the range of items to be included in the "total wages" and necessary matters regarding evaluation are specified by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (Article 12, Paragraph 5). What should be included in "total wages" is the law or the proviso of Article 24, Paragraph 1Collective agreementThe currency shall be other than the currency paid based on the provisions of (Article 2 of the Enforcement Regulations).If the valuation amount stipulated in the collective agreement is deemed inappropriate, or if the valuation amount is not stipulated by law or the collective agreement, the director of the prefectural labor bureau may set the valuation amount (Article 1 of the Enforcement Regulations). Item 2).However, these do not occur as long as the principle of currency payment of wages (Article 3) and its exceptions are observed.

    Minimum guarantee

    The average wage must not be less than the amount calculated by one of the following items (paragraph 1, paragraph 12 proviso).This is because if the main text of paragraph 1 is applied as it is to those who have few working days, the average wage may be unreasonably low.

    1. Wages are calculated based on the days or hours worked, orVolumePayment system and othersContract60% of the total wage divided by the number of days worked during the period, if stipulated by the system
    2. Part of wageHowever, if it is determined by a month, week or other fixed period, the total amount of the total amount divided by the total number of days in that period and the amount in the previous item (minimum guarantee is applied only to the daily salary system).

    Reasons to be calculated

    The "reasons to be calculated" in the text and the date of occurrence of the calculation reason are as follows.In addition, although it is "previous" in the text, it is actually calculated without including the date when the reason for calculation occurred.

    • Dismissal notice allowance (Article 20)- DismissalNotification date.The same applies even if the dismissal date is changed with the consent of the worker after the notification (June 39, 6, No. 12).In the case of immediate dismissal, you must pay 2316 days or more (this does not apply if the reason for dismissal is due to the worker's blame or if the business cannot be continued due to an unavoidable reason such as a disaster). ..
    • Holiday allowance (Article 26) --Closed days.If the leave is for a period of two days or more, the first day.In addition, 2% or more of the average wage must be paid.
    • Annual paid leaveMedium wages (Article 39)-The day on which annual paid leave was given.If the vacation day spans more than two days, the first day.
    • Occupational disasterIn (Article 76), (Article 77), (Article 79),Funeral fee(Article 80), (Article 81), (Article 82)- Accident dateOrThe day when the outbreak of the disease was confirmed by the diagnosis(Article 48 of the Enforcement Regulations).
    • Pay cutSanctions Restrictions (Article 91)-Sanctions for salary reductionManifestation of intentionReached the other party (July 30, 7, No. 19).The amount of the wage reduction must not exceed half of the average wage for one day, and the total amount must not exceed one tenth of the total amount of wages in one wage payment period.
    • Conversion allowance (Pneumoconiosis methodArticle 22) --The day when you are always engaged in work other than dust work.
    • Work injury insuranceBasic daily amount of benefits (Workers Compensation Insurance ActArticle 8, Article 8-5)-Cause of injury or deathThe day the accident occurredOr by diagnosisDate when the outbreak of the disease is confirmed..The basic daily benefit amount is defined as "the amount equivalent to the average wage", and fractions less than 1 yen are rounded up to 1 yen.

    Average wage for daily employment

    Those who can be hired day by dayAbout the business or occupation in which it engagesMinister of Health, Labour and WelfareThe average wage shall be the amount specified in (Article 12, Paragraph 7, Ministry of Labor Notification No. 38, 52).Specifically, it is as follows.

    1. If you worked at the place of business one month before the date when the average wage should be calculated
      • "Total wages paid in one month" ÷ "Number of days the worker worked for the company in one month" x 1% (regardless of the actual number of working days or occupancy rate of the day laborer)
    2. When it is not possible to calculate in 1. or when it is extremely inappropriate to calculate in 1.
      • "Total wages paid to daily workers who engaged in the same work at the establishment in one month" ÷ "Total number of days workers worked at the establishment every day in one month" x 1%

    Average wages in special cases

    第12条1項~6項によって算定し得ない場合の平均賃金は、厚生労働大臣の定めるところによる(第12条8項)とされ、「労働基準法第12条8項の規定に基づき平均賃金を定める告示」(昭和24年4月11日労働省告示5号、最終改正平成12年12月25日労働省告示120号)が定められている。告示によれば以下の通り。

    • The average wage when the period of leave due to reasons that cannot be attributed to the employer is three months or more before the date when the reason for calculating the average wage occurs is determined by the director of the prefectural labor bureau.
    • The average wage when the director of the prefectural labor bureau finds that it cannot be calculated pursuant to the provisions of Article 12, Paragraphs 1 to 6 of the Labor Standards Act shall be determined by the director of the Labor Standards Bureau of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.

    Related item

      14.8% points


       

      Back to Top
      Fermer