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🏛 | Kiyomi Tsujimoto "Please send to the Diet" Former Prime Minister Naoto Kan also appeared in the street speech "Dangerous road" criticized the restoration


Photo Kiyomi Tsujimoto giving a street speech with former Prime Minister Naoto Kan (left)

Kiyomi Tsujimoto "Please send it to the Diet" Former Prime Minister Naoto Kan also appeared in the street speech "Dangerous road" criticized the restoration

 
If you write the contents roughly
"If you wait for the next House of Representatives election, you can't stop the casino.
 

Kiyomi Tsujimoto (26), who ran as a proportional representative from the Constitutional Democratic Party on the 62th, the first Sunday after the announcement, was in Kyobashi, Osaka. → Continue reading

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House of Representatives general election

House of Representatives general election(Elections)[Note 1]IsJapanese election.Japan OfHouse of RepresentativesIsHouse of Representatives[Note 2]Election of members of the Diet.

General election of members of the House of Representatives under the Constitution of Japan

Overview

House of RepresentativesWas elected on behalf of all the peopleMember of the House of RepresentativesOrganized in (Article 43 of the Constitution of JapanThe same applies to item 1, the House of Councilors).The term of office is four years, but in the middle of the termDissolution of the House of RepresentativesIn the case of, the term of office ends before the expiration of the period (Article 45 of the Constitution of Japan).In addition, the general election of members of the House of Representatives refers only to those caused by the dissolution and expiration of the term of office, and in a specific constituency.Re-election,By-electionIs not included in the "general election".

The Constitution of JapanBelow, the general election due to the dissolution of the House of Representatives will be held within 40 days from the date of the dissolution of the House of Representatives.electionI do(Article 54 of the Constitution of Japan1st paragraph,Public office election lawArticle 31 Paragraph 3).On the other hand, the general election due to the expiration of the term of office will be held within 30 days before the expiration of the term of office (Public Offices Election Law, Article 31, Paragraph 1).The period of the general election due to the expiration of the term of office国会If it is during the opening of the Diet or if it takes within 23 days from the closing date of the Diet, a general election will be held within 24 days after 30 days from the closing date of the Diet (Public Offices Election Law, Article 31, Paragraph 2).In addition, according to this rule, the polling date may be after the expiration of the term of office by dissolving the term immediately before the expiration of the term of office.[Note 3].

By the way,The Constitution of JapanThe general election was held under the expiration of the term of office.Miki CabinetIt was held on December 1976, 51 (Showa 12) at that time.34 timesOnly (see below).

Usually, "general election" is a term used only for the election of members of the House of Representatives, and it is called "ordinary election" because the election of members of the House of Councilors is always held every three years and re-elected by half.Article 3 of the Public Offices Election Act also expires the term of "general election"Dissolution of the House of RepresentativesIt is used as a term to refer to the election of members of the House of Representatives.However, the announcement of the election of members of the Diet was stipulated.Article 7 of the Constitution of JapanRegarding the "general election" of No. 4, the same article states "Member of ParliamentPublicly announce the enforcement of the general election of the House of Representatives. "Emperor OfNational actIt is generally understood that the "general election" in Article 7-4 of the Constitution includes the general election of members of the House of Councilors, because it is understood that the purpose is as follows.[1]..According to the Public Offices Election Law, the date for the general election of members of the House of Representatives must be announced at least 12 days in advance (Public Offices Election Law, Article 31, Paragraph 4).

Electionvote(Article 35 of the Public Offices Election Act).In the election of members of the House of Representatives, one vote is voted for each member elected in the small constituency and each member elected as a proportional representative (Article 36 of the Public Election Law).Regarding the management of election affairs for the general election of members of the House of Representatives, unless otherwise specified, the election of members elected to the single-seat constituency is conducted by the prefecture.Election Management CommitteeManages and elects proportional representation membersCentral Election CommissionManages (Article 5 of the Public Offices Election Act).Voting right-Right to vote・ For details on the election system, see the following sections.

If the House of Representatives is dissolved and a general election for members of the House of Councilors is to be held during the general election for members of the House of Councilors, both the House of Representatives election and the House of Councilors election will be held at the same time (Same day election).

The term of office of elected members of the House of Representatives is four years (Article 45 of the Constitution of JapanBody, but with dissolution).The term of a member of the House of Representatives is calculated from the date of the general election (the text of Article 256 of the Public Offices Election Act), but if the general election due to the expiration of the term is held before the date of the expiration of the term of the member of the House of Representatives, the date of the expiration of the term of the predecessor It will be calculated from the next day (Public Offices Election Law Article 256 proviso).

When a general election for members of the House of Representatives is held due to the dissolution of the House of Representatives, the Diet must be convened within 30 days from the date of the election (the latter part of Article 54 of the Constitution of Japan).The Diet convened after the general election due to the dissolution of the House of Representatives (the Diet convened under Article 54 of the Japanese Constitution)Special meetingIt is called (Special Diet) (Article 1, Paragraph 3 of the Diet Law).On the other hand, when a general election for members of the House of Representatives is held due to the expiration of the term of office, within 30 days from the start of the term of office.Extraordinary meeting(Extraordinary Diet session) must be convened (Article 2-3, Paragraph 1 of the Diet Act).However, within that periodRegular meetingThis does not apply if (ordinary Diet session) is convened, or if the period is the period during which the ordinary election of members of the House of Councilors should be held (the proviso of Article 2-3, Paragraph 1 of the Diet Act).

At the same time as the general election of members of the House of RepresentativesJudge of the Supreme Court national reviewIs carried out (Article 79, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution).

Right to vote and eligibility for election

The qualifications of members of the House of Representatives and their electors are stipulated by law (specifically, the Public Offices Election Act, etc.) (Article 44 of the Constitution of JapanText).

Voting right

  • Japanese peopleThose who are 18 years of age or older have the right to vote for members of the House of Representatives (Public Offices Election Law, Article 9, Paragraph 1).
    • The revised Public Offices Election Law was enacted in June 2015, and the age of voting rights was reduced from 27 years old or older to 6 years old or older from June 2016 (Heisei 28).18 years old)[2].
  • Exceptionally, for those who do not have the right to vote, Article 11, Paragraph 1, Article 252 of the Public Offices Election Act,Political Funds Control LawThere are provisions in Article 28.

Right to vote

  • Japanese nationals aged 25 years or older have the right to be elected as members of the House of Representatives (Public Offices Election Act, Article 10, Paragraph 1, Pillars and No. 1).
  • Exceptionally, those who do not have eligibility for election are stipulated in Articles 11 and 11-2 and 252 of the Public Offices Election Act and Article 28 of the Political Funds Control Act.

Election method

Single-seat constituency system

Proportional representation

Office expenses

In each House of Representatives election, about 700 billion yen of administrative expenses are included in the national budget.[5].

General election of members of the House of Representatives under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan

Imperial Japanese ConstitutionEven below, the House of Representatives is stipulated to be organized by publicly elected members as stipulated by the Election Law (Article 35 of the Japanese Empire Constitution[Note 4]), The House of Representatives Election Law (Law No. 22 of 37) was stipulated as a law to embody it.

In case of dissolution of the House of RepresentativesImperial orderIt was stipulated that a new member of the Diet should be elected and convened within five months from the date of dissolution (Article 45 of the Japanese Empire Constitution).This edict is a legal form.EdictNot done by a rescript[Note 5]

Right to vote and eligibility for election

Voting right

  • At the beginning of the enactment of the House of Representatives Election Law (Law No. 1889 of Meiji 22) in 22 (Meiji 37), the person was required to meet the following qualifications (Article 6 of the House of Representatives Election Law).
  1. Japanese subjects boys over 25 years old
  2. One year or more before the deadline for preparing the electoral list, the registered domicile has been established and has lived in the prefecture.
  3. One year or more before the date of preparation of the electoral list, and continue to pay the national tax of 1 yen or more directly in the prefecture (however, for income tax, pay this three years or more before the date of preparation of the electoral list and continue to pay it. Is)
  • According to the revised House of Representatives Election Law of 1900 (Meiji 33) (Law No. 33 of 73), he became a person who meets the following qualifications (Article 8, Paragraph 1 of the House of Representatives Election Law).
  1. A boy who is an imperial subject and is over 25 years old
  2. Have and continue to have a residence in the constituency for at least one year before the date of preparation of the electoral list
  3. 1 year or more before the date of preparation of the electoral list, 10 yen or more for land tax, or 2 years or more for direct national tax other than land tax, or 10 yen or more through land tax and other direct national taxes.
  • The tax payment qualification was abolished by the revised House of Representatives Election Law (Law No. 1925 of 14, so-called General Election Law) in 14 (Taisho 47).
  • According to the 1945 (Showa 20) Amendment of the House of Representatives Election Law (20 Law No. 42)Female suffrage(Women's suffrage) is recognized.

Right to vote

  • At the beginning of the enactment of the House of Representatives Election Law (Law No. 1889 of 22) in 22 (Meiji 37), as a general rule, Japanese vassals were 30 years old or older and at least one year before the date of preparation of the electoral list. Those who paid the national tax of 1 yen or more directly in the prefecture and continued to pay it (however, the income tax was paid and continued to be paid for 15 years or more before the date of preparation of the electoral list) were selected (Article 3 of the House of Representatives Election Law). ).
  • According to the revised House of Representatives Election Law of 1900 (Meiji 33) (Law No. 33 of Meiji 73), as a general rule, boys who are subjects of the Empire became persons over 30 years old (Article 10 of the House of Representatives Election Law).
  • Women's suffrage (women's suffrage) is recognized by the revised House of Representatives election law (Law No. 1945 of 20) in 20.The following day, April 42, 1946 (Showa 21)22th House of Representatives general election39 female lawmakers were born.

Transition to the Constitution of Japan

1946(21)4/10 Of22th House of Representatives general electionHowever, it was the last general election of members of the House of Representatives under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.1947(22)5/3ToThe Constitution of JapanWas enforced.

April 1947, 2223th House of Representatives general electionWas the first general election for members of the House of Representatives under the Constitution of Japan, but this election was held under the House of Representatives Election Law.

After that, the Public Offices Election Law (Law No. 1950 of April 25, 25) was enforced in 4, and the House of Representatives Election Law was abolished.

History of the general election of members of the House of Representatives

1889(22th year of Meiji)
Imperial Japanese ConstitutionPromulgated with (Meiji 22 Law No. 37).principleSingle-seat constituency systemAnd direct national tax (≒income tax) A secret ballot and provision by a boy over 15 years old who pays 21 yen (the monetary value at that time is 10000/1 of the 25st century) or more.
1890(23th year of Meiji)
The first general election of members of the House of Representatives.
1900(33th year of Meiji)
Amendment of the House of Representatives election law.In one prefecture and one constituencyLarge constituency system(However, cities with a population of 3 or more are independent constituencies), and the vote will be changed to anonymous voting by boys aged 10 and over who pay a national tax of 25 yen or more directly (Secret electionEstablished).
1902(35th year of Meiji)
General election under the revised House of Representatives election law (1900) (7th House of Representatives general election).
1919(Taisho 8)
Amendment of the House of Representatives election law.In principle, the single-member constituency system will be adopted, and the vote will be changed to bearer voting by boys aged 3 and over who pay a national tax of 25 yen or more directly.
1920(Taisho 9)
General election under the revised House of Representatives election law (1919) (14th House of Representatives general election).
1925(Taisho 14)
Amendment of the House of Representatives Election Law (so-called General Election Law).Middle-election systemBy abolishing tax payment conditions and by boys over 25 years oldGeneral electionAnd
1928(3)
General election under the revised House of Representatives election law (1925) (16th House of Representatives general election).
1945(20)
Amendment of the House of Representatives election law.principlePrefecturesUnit restrictions Continuous voting Daisenkyokusei system.Over 20 years old (defined by Japanese law) due to women's suffrage and lowering the age of voting rightsadultEstablished universal suffrage by men and women.
1946(21)
General election under the revised House of Representatives Election Act (1945),Politics broadcast(Radio) started (22nd House of Representatives general election).
1947(22)
Amendment of the House of Representatives election law.Single-sentence medium-sized electoral district system.Enforcement of the Constitution of Japan (universal suffrage /Equal election・ Guarantee of secret elections).The first general election under the Constitution of Japan (23rd House of Representatives general election).
1950(25)
Public office election law(Law No. 25, April 4, 15) Enforced (Abolition of the House of Representatives Election Law).Medium-sized electoral district system.
1952(27)
The first general election after the enforcement of the Public Offices Election Act (25th House of Representatives general election).San Francisco Peace TreatyJapansovereigntyThe first general election after recovering.Banishment of public officeThere were many who were able to run by canceling.
1969(44)
Started political broadcasting (television) (32nd House of Representatives general election).
1976(51)
The Constitution of JapanGeneral election with the dissolution of the first term below. Per fixed allocation maximum disparity of 1972: 33 in the 1rd House of Representatives general election in 4.99Supreme CourtWas judged to be unconstitutional (Maximum Judgment 51/4/14 Minshu Vol. 30, No. 3, p. 223).However,Principle of circumstantial judgmentThe election itself was made effective.
1980(55)
The first House of Councilors election on the same day (36th House of Representatives general election, 12th House of Councilors regular election).
1983(58)
1980年の第36回衆議院議員総選挙の定数配分の最大格差1対3.94につき最高裁が憲法の選挙権の平等の要求に反する程度に至っていたと判断(最大判昭58・11・7民集37巻9号1243頁)。ただし、違憲状態にはあったが法改正によって合理的期間内に是正されなかったとはいえないとして違憲とはしなかった。
1985(60)
1983年の第37回衆議院議員総選挙の定数配分の最大格差1対4.40につき最高裁が違憲と判断(最大判昭60・7・17民集39巻5号1100頁)。ただし、事情判決の法理により選挙自体は有効とした。
1993(5)
1990年の第39回衆議院議員総選挙の定数配分の最大格差1対3.18につき、最高裁が憲法の選挙権の平等の要求に反する程度に至っていたと判断(最大判平5・1・20民集47巻1号67頁)。ただし、違憲状態にはあったが憲法上要求される合理的期間内に是正されなかったとはいえないとして違憲とはしなかった。初めて「全都道府県」が揃って、即日VotingWas done.
1994(6)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.Single-seat constituency proportional representation(Restricted list type proportional representation system) introduced.
1996(8)
General election under the revised Public Offices Election Act (1994) (41st House of Representatives general election).
1997(9)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.Voting time (Absentee ballot(Including) extension, relaxation of absentee ballot requirements.
2000(12)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.The number of members elected by proportional representation will be reduced from 200 to 180 to a total constant of 480.For the first time, offshore voting, andVoting abroad(However,Proportional representationVoting only) was carried out.General election under the revised Public Offices Election Act (2000) (42nd House of Representatives general election).
2003(15)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.Early voting systemFounding of.
2007(19)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.Of the overseas votesConstituencyIt became possible to vote for.
2011(23)
The Supreme Court was in a state of violating the constitution's requirement for equality of voting value due to the so-called part of the 2009th House of Representatives general election in 45 and the division of elections with a maximum disparity of 1: 2.30. Judged.However, although it was unconstitutional, it was not unconstitutional because it could not be said that it was not corrected within the reasonable period required by the Constitution.
2013(25)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.The number of single-seat constituencies has been reduced from 300 to 295. It was judged that the Supreme Court had reached a state contrary to the constitution's requirement for equality of voting value due to the maximum disparity of 2012 to 46 in the fixed allocation at the time of the 1th House of Representatives general election in 2.43.However, although it was unconstitutional, it was not unconstitutional because it could not be said that it was not corrected within the reasonable period required by the Constitution.[6].
2014(26)
at the same time2014 Ibaraki Prefectural Assembly electionWas done.
2015(27)
Voting ageadultReduced from person to 18 years or older[2].. The Supreme Court ruled that the maximum disparity in fixed allocation during the 2014th House of Representatives general election in 47 was 1: 2.13, which was contrary to the constitution's requirement for equal voting value. Efforts such as the abolition of the one-person quota system and efforts such as 1 increase and 0 decrease were evaluated as "a certain step forward", and the election was held because it was unconstitutional but could not be said to have been corrected within the reasonable period required by the Constitution. The complaint of invalidity was rejected[7].

(Note) Regarding the judgment of the one-vote disparity, in the Supreme Court case

  1. Presence or absence of significant inequality
  2. Based on whether or not the state has continued for a considerable period of time, the conclusion is drawn as "unconstitutional state" if it conflicts with 1 and "unconstitutional" if it conflicts with both 1 and 2. , If you take an unconstitutional decision, make a further judgment on the effectiveness of the election[8](About "unconstitutional" and "unconstitutional state" in the proceedings of the number of MPsOne vote disparitySee also).
2017(29)
Amendment of the Public Offices Election Act.Reduced the number of single-seat constituencies from 295 to 289 and the number of proportional representations from 180 to 176.
2021(3nd year of Reiwa)
Based on the preliminary figures of the 2020 census by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAdams methodAs a result of the calculation, it was found that the number of single-seat constituencies increased by 10 and decreased by 10, and the proportional representation increased by 3 and decreased by 3.House of Representatives Elections SectionAnd start deliberations on the ward allocation revision plan.50th House of Representatives general electionExpected to be introduced from[9].

List of general elections for members of the House of Representatives

  • Number of seats / rateFor the column, "Rate" (seat occupancy rate) is "the number of seats acquired by the comparative first party" ÷ "constant".
  • Voting dayColumns are sorted by month and day instead of year.TimesClick the sort button in the column to return to the original order.
  • deficitIs the highest turnout,Blue characterIs the lowest turnout.
TimesImplementation CabinetVoting dayDayVoter turnoutconstantDissolution / expiration dateNumber of votersComparison first partyè­°Number of seats / rateRemarks
  
Imperial Japanese Constitution : Imperial Assembly (1890-1947) Senate:Aristocrat
First01 timesYamagata 107 / 01_1890(23th year of Meiji)7/102 /Tuesday93.91%300450,872Constitutional Liberal Party13043.33%Introduced the parliamentary cabinet system.First crowdGeneral election of members of the House of Representatives
First02 timesMatsukata 102 / 15_1892(25th year of Meiji)2/1501 /Monday91.59%dissolution/1891(24th year of Meiji)12/25434,59409431.33%
First03 timesIto 203 / 01_1894(27th year of Meiji)3/105 /Friday88.76%dissolution/1893(26th year of Meiji)12/30440,11312040.00%
First04 timesIto 209 / 01_1894(27th year of Meiji)9/106 /Saturday84.84%dissolution/1894(27th year of Meiji)6/2460,48310735.66%
First05 timesIto 303 / 15_1898(31th year of Meiji)3/1502 /Tuesday87.50%dissolution/1897(30th year of Meiji)12/25452,63710535.00%Progressive Party104nd party with 2 seats
First06 timesOkuma 108 / 10_1898(31th year of Meiji)8/1003 /Wednesday79.91%dissolution/1898(31th year of Meiji)6/10502,292Kensei Hontō12441.33%
First07 timesKatsura 108 / 10_1902(35th year of Meiji)8/1007 /Sunday88.39%376Term expired /1902(35th year of Meiji)8/9982,868Constitutional society19150.79%Secret votingIntroduced
First08 timesKatsura 103 / 01_1903(36th year of Meiji)3/186.17%dissolution/1902(35th year of Meiji)12/28958,32217546.54%
First09 timesKatsura 103 / 01_1904(37th year of Meiji)3/102 /Tuesday86.06%379dissolution/1903(36th year of Meiji)12/11762,44513335.09%
10 timesSaionji 105 / 15_1908(41th year of Meiji)5/1505 /Friday85.29%Term expired /1908(41th year of Meiji)3/271,590,04518749.34%According to the provisions of the House of Representatives Election Law, he will be in office until March 24, the closing day of the 3th Imperial Diet.
11 timesSaionji 205 / 15_1912(45th year of Meiji)5/1503 /Wednesday89.58%381Term expired /1912(45th year of Meiji)5/141,506,14320954.85%MeijiAt last
12 timesOkuma 203 / 25_1915(Taisho 4)3/2504 /Thursday92.13%dissolution/1914(Taisho 3)12/251,546,411Constitutional Doshikai15340.15%Taisho最初
13 timesTerauchi04 / 20_1917(Taisho 6)4/2005 /Friday91.92%dissolution/1917(Taisho 6)1/251,422,126Constitutional society16543.30%
14 timesoriginal05 / 10_1920(Taisho 9)5/1001 /Monday86.73%464dissolution/1920(Taisho 9)2/263,069,14827859.91%
15 timesKiyoura05 / 10_1924(Taisho 13)5/1006 /Saturday91.18%dissolution/1924(Taisho 13)1/313,288,405Constitutional society15132.54%Taisho last
16 timesYoshikazu Tanaka02 / 20_1928(3)2/2005 /Friday80.36%466dissolution/1928(3)1/2112,408,678Constitutional society21846.78%Showafirst time.Universal suffrage for men started.Constitutional political party216nd party with 2 seats
17 timesHamaguchi02 / 20_1930(5)2/2004 /Thursday83.34%dissolution/1930(5)1/2112,812,895Constitutional political party27358.58%
18 timesInuyo02 / 20_1932(7)2/2006 /Saturday81.68%dissolution/1932(7)1/2113,237,841Constitutional society30164.59%
19 times(I.e.02 / 20_1936(11)2/2004 /Thursday78.65%dissolution/1936(11)1/2114,479,553Constitutional political party20543.99%
20 timesForest04 / 30_1937(12)4/3005 /Friday73.31%dissolution/1937(12)3/3114,618,29817938.41%Escape and run away..Rikken Seiyukai has 175 seats and is the second party
21 timesTojo04 / 30_1942(17)4/3004 /Thursday83.16%Term expired /1942(17)4/2914,594,287Taisei Tsubasa Council38181.75%Winged election.As a special case, the term of office is extended by one yearExpiration of term
22 timesShidehara04 / 10_1946(21)4/1003 /Wednesday72.08%dissolution/1945(20)12/1836,878,420Japanese Liberal Party14130.25%Universal suffrage for men and women begins
23 timesYoshida 104 / 25_1947(22)4/2505 /Friday67.95%dissolution/1947(22)3/3140,907,493Japanese Socialist Party14330.68%Katayama CabinetInauguration
The Constitution of Japan : 国会 (1947-Present) Senate:House of Councilors
24 timesYoshida 201 / 23_1949(24)1/23Sunday74.04%466dissolution/1948(23)12/2342,105,300Liberal Democratic Party26456.65%Familiarization and dissolution
25 timesYoshida 310 / 01_1952(27)10/103 /Wednesday76.43%dissolution/1952(27)8/2846,772,584Liberal party24051.50%Unannounced dissolution
26 timesYoshida 404 / 19_1953(28)4/1907 /Sunday74.22%dissolution/1953(28)3/1447,090,167Liberal Party Yoshida faction19942.70%Dissolution of Bakayaro
27 timesIchiro Hatoyama 102 / 27_1955(30)2/2775.84%467dissolution/1955(30)1/2449,235,375Japan Democratic Party18539.61%Dissolution of heavenly voice
28 timesKishi 105 / 22_1958(33)5/2204 /Thursday76.99%dissolution/1958(33)4/2552,013,529LDP28761.45%Discussion.55 yearsFirst general election
29 timesIkeda 111 / 20_1960(35)11/2007 /Sunday73.51%dissolution/1960(35)10/2454,312,99329663.38%
30 timesIkeda 211 / 21_1963(38)11/2104 /Thursday71.14%dissolution/1963(38)10/2358,281,67828360.59%
31 timesSato 101 / 29_1967(42)1/2907 /Sunday73.99%486dissolution/1966(41)12/2762,992,79627756.99%Black fog dissolved
32 timesSato 212 / 27_1969(44)12/2706 /Saturday68.51%dissolution/1969(44)12/269,260,42428859.25%Okinawa Prefecture on November 1970, 11National affairs participation electionIncreased by
33 timesKakuei Tanaka 112 / 10_1972(47)12/1007 /Sunday71.76%491dissolution/1972(47)11/1373,769,63627155.19%
34 timesMiki12 / 05_1976(51)12/573.45%511Term expired /1976(51)12/977,926,58824948.72%Lockheed Election..General election of members of the House of Representatives (without dissolution) due to the expiration of the first term under the Constitution of Japan
35 timesOhira 110 / 07_1979(54)10/768.01%dissolution/1979(54)9/780,169,92424848.53%
36 timesOhira 206 / 22_1980(55)6/2274.57%dissolution/1980(55)5/1980,925,03428455.57%Disappearing happening.Same day election,Masayoshi OhiraThe prime minister died suddenly
37 timesNakasone 112 / 18_1983(58)12/1867.94%dissolution/1983(58)11/2884,252,60825048.92%Dissolution of Tanaka judgment
38 timesNakasone 2 Kai 207 / 06_1986(61)7/671.40%512dissolution/1986(61)6/286,426,84530058.59%Disguised as dead..Elections on the same day.Showa last
39 timesKaifu 102 / 18_1990(2)2/1873.31%dissolution/1990(2)1/2490,322,90827553.71%Heiseifirst time.
40 timesMiyazawa Kai07 / 18_1993(5)7/1867.26%511dissolution/1993(5)6/1894,477,81622343.63%Liar dissolution.55 yearsCollapse,Hosokawa CabinetEstablished
41 timesHashimoto 110 / 20_1996(8)10/2059.65%500dissolution/1996(8)9/2797,680,71923947.80%From this timeSingle-seat constituency proportional representation
42 timesForest 106 / 25_2000(12)6/2562.49%480dissolution/2000(12)6/2100,492,32823348.54%Dissolution of God's Kingdom..Constant reduction of proportional districts
43 timesKoizumi 1 break 211 / 09_2003(15)11/959.86%dissolution/2003(15)10/10102,306,68423749.37%
44 timesKoizumi 2 breaks09 / 11_2005(17)9/1167.51%dissolution/2005(17)8/8103,067,96629661.66%Postal dissolution
45 timesAso08 / 30_2009(21)8/3069.28%dissolution/2009(21)7/21104,057,361Democratic Party30864.16%Democratic PartyIn the first partyMinsha United Nations AdministrationbyYukio Hatoyama CabinetEstablished, fell from the first party of the Liberal Democratic Party
46 timesNoda Kai 312 / 16_2012(24)12/1659.32%dissolution/2012(24)11/16103,959,866LDP29461.25%Disbanded in the near future.LDPIn the first partySelf-public coalitionbyFirst Abe CabinetEstablished, fall from Democratic Party 1st Party
47 timesAbe 2 break12 / 14_2014(26)12/1452.66%475dissolution/2014(26)11/21104,067,10429161.26%Dissolution of Abenomics
48 timesAbe 3 breaks 310 / 22_2017(29)10/2253.68%465dissolution/2017(29)9/28106,091,22928461.08%Dissolution of the national crisis..The end of Heisei.18 years oldFirst general election of members of the House of Representatives after introduction
49 timesKishida 1_2021(3nd year of Reiwa)10/3155.93%dissolution/2021(3nd year of Reiwa)10/14105,622,75826156.12%Future choice dissolution.Reiwafirst time.The first general election held after the expiration date of the term.Heisei-born Diet member is born

Various records

  • Number of candidates with the highest number of candidates in history-- 22nd, 1946 (Showa 21): 2770
  • Best everVoter turnout --1st 1890 (Meiji 23): 93.91%
  • The lowest turnout ever-47th 2014 (26): 52.66%

Number of wins

  • Of personal nameTaiziIs an incumbent member of the Diet.
Person's nameWinning
Number of times
First winFinal winningRemarks
Yukio Osaki /Yukio Ozaki25 timesFirst01 times25 times
Hara Kensafuro /Kensaburo Hara20 times22 times41 times
Nakasone Yashiro /Yasuhiro Nakasone23 times42 times
Takeo Miki /Takeo Miki19 times20 times38 timesDied during his tenure.
Inukai Tsuyoshi /Dog breed18 timesFirst01 times18 timesDied during his tenure (Fifteen-fifteen incident).
Sakurauchi Yoshio /Yoshio Sakurauchi23 times41 times24 timesWas rejected.
Ichirou Osawa /Ichiro Ozawa32 times49 times
Hoshino Nirou /Jiro Hoshijima17 times14 times30 times
Esaki Masumi /Masumi Esaki22 times39 times26 timesWas rejected.
Toshio Komoto /Toshio Kawamoto24 times40 times
Yamanaka Satanori /Yamanaka Sadanori26 times43 times39 timesWas rejected.
Kanichi Otake /Kanichi Otake16 timesFirst03 times20 times6 times,15 timesIs a non-runner.
Nikaitou Susumu /Nikaido Susumu22 times40 times23 times,25 times,26 timesWas rejected.
Tanaka Kakuei/Kakuei Tanaka23 times38 times
Toshiki Kaifu /Toshiki Kaifu29 times44 times
Takeshi Kitano /Takeshi Noda33 times48 times

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ For short"Lower house electionAlso, in Japan, which has a parliamentary cabinet system, when the prime minister is nominated by a parliamentary vote from among the members of the Diet, the parliamentary vote prevails over the upper house.Elective electionAlso called
  2. ^ Old constitutionBelow, alongside members of the House of LordsImperial Diet member,Current constitutionBelow, alongside members of the House of CouncilorsMember of Parliament.
  3. ^ Under the Constitution of Japan,49 timesIs the first and only example.
  4. ^ The House of Lords was organized by members of the Imperial Family, Kazoku, and Chokuninkan (Article 34 of the Japanese Empire Constitution).
  5. ^ Official decreeArticle 1 "Enforcement of the Great Enforcement"

Source

  1. ^ Toshiyoshi Miyazawa-Nobuyoshi Abe"The Constitution of Japan", pp. 125-126, Nihon Hyoronsha,1978
  2. ^ a b "The revised Public Offices Election Act is enacted for the age of voting rights" 18 years old and over "". 47NEWS(July 2015, 6). https://web.archive.org/web/20150617032536/http://www.47news.jp/CN/201506/CN2015061701001110.html 2017/10/14Browse.  ※ CurrentlyInternet archiveRemains in
  3. ^ "Legal votes and confiscation points for deposits”. Toride City. 2021/2/24Browse.
  4. ^ a b Election types-Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications ――The official name of the proportional representation block for members of the House of Representatives is listed on this page.
  5. ^ General election office work 700 billion yen Don't forget a valuable vote - Tokyo Newspaper・ Dated November 2014, 11 << Retrieved October 22, 2017; Currently remains in the Internet Archive >>
  6. ^ The 12 House of Representatives election is the Supreme Court with a one-vote disparity in "unconstitutional state" Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2013/11/20
  7. ^ 14 House of Representatives election, 1 vote disparity is "unconstitutional" Supreme Court Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2015, 11
  8. ^ Aki Takiguchi (March 2013, 3). “The legislative decision without grace is“ unconstitutional ”“ valid but unconstitutional ”…”. Sankei Shimbun. https://web.archive.org/web/20130326055809/http://sankei.jp.msn.com/affairs/news/130326/trl13032600500001-n1.htm 2017/10/14Browse. "All 2 pages (→Article 2nd page)"  *Currently remains in the Internet archive
  9. ^ Fixed allocation of House of Representatives single-seat constituencies, "XNUMX increase XNUMX decrease" in XNUMX prefectures ... Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications estimates by Adams method Yomiuri Shimbun 2021/6/25

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