[Breaking news] Prime Minister Kishida "considers visits between leaders of each country and A-bomb survivors" at G7 held in Hiroshima next year
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Mayor Matsui of Hiroshima, who met with Prime Minister Kishida today, said that it is important for the leaders of each country to get in touch with the actual situation of the atomic bombing when the G7 summit is held in Hiroshima next year. I requested that you visit the site.
Prime Minister Kishida will meet with the A-bomb survivors at the G7 = 7 major summits scheduled to be held in Hiroshima next year. → Continue reading
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Nakajima Town OfHiroshima Peace Memorial ParkLocated on the premises,Hiroshima atomic bombInitially, it was opened under the name of "Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Atomic Bomb Memorial Exhibition Hall" as a facility to convey the tragedy of the war to posterity.Operated by Hiroshima CityHiroshima Peace Culture FoundationIs going.
Admission as of January 2020 is 1 yen for adults, 200 yen for high school students, and free for junior high school students and younger.[Annotation 1]..The group fee is 30 yen for 160 or more adults.It will be free if there are 20 or more high school students or younger.
Important cultural propertyThe western "Main building"," On the east sideEast hallThe viewing course is for entering from the East Building and exiting from the Main Building.In the East Building, there is an exhibition about the history of Hiroshima City up to the dropping of the atomic bomb and the historical background of the dropping of the atomic bomb, and in the main building, there is an exhibition about the human and physical damage of the Hiroshima atomic bomb.In particular, a reduced model of the devastated city of Hiroshima immediately after the atomic bomb was dropped, wandering in the flames while burning the skin of the whole body with heat rays.A-bomb survivorLife-sizeDiorama(Commonly known as: A-bomb reproduction doll (Later)), Of the three people who died in the bombingMobilization studentCombining the wreckage of the uniform that he wore into a single doll, "Trinity relics"Or"Charred lunch boxWas killed by the bombingMobilization student[Annotation 2]Our relics,Main street OfSumitomo BankFrom Hiroshima branch1971Relocated to "Human shadow stone'[Annotation 3]Etc. are well known. As of 2013, there are about 2 items in the collection, and it is said that it takes about 1000 hours to visit the museum, but according to a survey by the museum, the average visit time for visitors is 3 as described below. It's a minute.
19458/6, The first in the worldAtomic bombWas exposed to the atomic bomb and suffered a great deal of human and material sacrifice.Hiroshima cityThen,Second World WarFrom an early stage, the collection of atomic bomb materials was carried out not only by academic institutions but also by citizens.The center of this activity wasHiroshima UniversityFaculty of ScienceGeologyI was a part-timer in the classroomShogo Nagaoka[Annotation 4]And the collected materials are1949Was exhibited in the "Atomic Bomb Reference Material Display Room" set up in a corner of the Hiroshima City Central Public Hall...However, with the increase in the collection of materials, the devastation of the atomic bomb has become widespread.世界ToappealTherefore, there has been a growing demand for exhibition facilities for the purpose of storing and exhibiting these items.
At the same time, the hypocenterNakajima districtNewlyHiroshima Peace Memorial ParkHowever, the material exhibition facility was the architect who was in charge of the overall design of the park.Kenzo TangeAs a result, it has been positioned as the centerpiece of the park.The "Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Atomic Bomb Memorial Exhibition Hall (currently Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum)" designed by Tange1955Along with this, the materials exposed to the atomic bombing at the Central Public Hall were moved to the "Exhibition Hall" for display and storage, and Nagaoka was appointed as the first director..
At the beginning of the opening, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was only the current "Main Building" (on the left front side of the photo), but by the designer Tange.コ ン ペ テ ィ シ ョ ン(Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and Memorial Hall Competition Design) From the beginning, as a "meeting place" on the west side of the museumHiroshima City Public Hall(CurrentHiroshima International Conference Center) On the east side (on the far right side of the image)Hiroshima Peace Hall Main BuildingIt was planned to arrange (Peace Memorial Hall / Current East Building) and connect them with an aerial corridor to form a three-building integrated building.[Annotation 5].
1956I was touring JapanNuclear Peaceful Use ExpoThe exhibit was temporarily moved to a nearby public hall.. afterwards,1958Some exhibits were exhibited as "Science Museum of Atomic Energy" even though it was held in, The exhibit is1967Exhibited in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum..At that time, the misery of the atomic bombPeaceful use of nuclear powerAt a facility that conveys, Some visitors pointed out that "the content seems to be a symptom of division"... The exhibition of peaceful use was removed in May 1967, and it was given a character that leads to the present..
1973から1975In the meantime, the first major renovation was carried out, such as repairing deteriorated concrete, replacing it with a window glass that blocks infrared rays, and constructing a new storage.In addition, the air-conditioning equipment, which had not been maintained so far, has been improved, and the storage environment for exposed materials has improved... It was also at this time that the "A-bomb reproduction doll" was added to the exhibit.
1991The second major renovation was carried out, and the contents of the exhibition were reviewed and refurbished.1994When the Peace Memorial Museum was rebuilt in Japan, it came to be called the "Peace Memorial Museum (East Building / West Building)" together with the old Peace Memorial Museum.West Building, What was newly built on the site of the memorial hallEast hallWas called.At the time of this renovation, the two buildings were connected by an aerial corridor, and after that, when entering the building, they entered from the east building and left from the west building.
1998ToHiroshima International Conference CenterTogether withXNUMX selections of public buildingsSpecified.199920 selections of modern Japanese architecture (Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum and Peace Memorial Park)Selected by DOCOMOMO JAPAN Architecture of modern movement in Japan).2006The West Building of the Museum is also located in Hiroshima City.World Peace Memorial CathedralWithSecond World WarFor the first time as a later buildingImportant cultural propertyWas specified in.Taking this designation as an opportunity, the name of the conventional "West Building" was changed to "Main Building".
Visitors and their transition
Changes in the number of visitors
The cumulative number of visitors is 5301 million (until the end of May 2005), which is in the 5 million range annually., Especially many foreign visitorstrip advisorHas been highly evaluated in the survey..There is also a section where you can write your impressions of the viewing in a special notebook as a "message to peace", and people from all over the world write messages.This message contains messages from many celebrities and dignitaries (Later).
In 2016, when US President Barack Obama visited, the number of visitors exceeded 1991 in 159, the highest number ever..
- The number of visitors reached 2002 million on August 8, 19..
- The number of visitors reached 2010 million on August 9, 5..
- The number of visitors reached 2017 million on August 9, 24..
Foreign visitors and their evaluation
The number of foreign visitors was about 2013 in 20., This yeartrip advisorWas selected as the number one "Japanese tourist spot popular with foreigners" in the survey.[Broken link].. In the 2014 surveyFushimi-Inari TaishaThere was a report on July 2th that it was second only to..Of the 1612 travelers who wrote this rating, 96, 1545%, were highly rated (Excellent or Very Good), and many of their impressions were described as Must see.Especially among the Americans who are the largest number of foreign tourists to Hiroshima City, this museum is ranked first, and it is still highly evaluated..
As of January 2015, No. 1 on the list of "Top 20 Must-See Places in Japan"Miyajimaso,Peace parkButAtomic bomb domeInstead, the museum was listed in second place.The following is 2rd placeMatsumoto Castle, 4nd placeTokyo Disney Sea, 5nd placeOkinawa Churaumi Aquarium, 6nd placeFushimi-Inari TaishaMet.In addition, in the evaluation by Americans, it was the first place..Maximum share in English travel guidebooksLonely PlanetAlso lists this museum as one of the 2021 best places to visit in Japan in 10.
A message to the celebrities who visited and their peace
Since its opening, many celebrities have visited the museum and sent a message to peace.Bookkeepingare doing.Ernesto Guevara(1959),John Paul II(1981),Jimmy Carter(1984),Mother Teresa(1984),The Dalai Lama XIV(1995) and other countriesHead·politician,Nobel Peace PrizePeace activists including the award winners are visiting the museum.It has become an annual eventPrime Minister OfHiroshima Peace Memorial CeremonyAttendance1971(Showa 46) I attended for the first time on August 8, 6 years after the atomic bomb was dropped.Eisaku SatoIs to follow.
Many visitors have left a message, and the ones by the heads of state of each country from around 1980 are called "National Heads of State".In addition to this, as of 2021, there are 70 books by people who are active on the front lines of various fields around the world, and the total number of books is about 2200..
Below is a list of prominent visitors and their "message to peace"...The full text of the messageMFP (Message for Peace)(Note: The following list is mainly posted from the information on the site of the museum, but the data before 1980 and after 2007 are from the museum except Eisaku Sato in 1971.WebsiteHas not appeared in).
|Visit date||Name||Citizenship||Public officeNote 1||Remarks, "Message to Peace", etc.|
|1959-7-26||Ernesto Guevara||Argentine||Cuban Ambassador||It does not appear on the museum site.No bookkeeping record.The details of his visit to Japan are described on the page of Guevara.Reference 1 Reference 2Reference 3 Reference 4|
|1971-8-6||Eisaku Sato||Japan||prime minister||First Prime Minister of JapanNote 2Ceremony attendance,Three non-nuclear principlesProposal, 1974Nobel Peace Prize MFP|
|1971-9-27||Led Zeppelin||United Kingdom||rock band||Donated all sales of Sold Out's Hiroshima performance to Hiroshima City for the first time in Japan.Awarded a letter of appreciation from the mayor and a medal of the Hiroshima Honorary Citizenship.|
|1981-2-25||John Paul II||Vatican City||Pope||"'My thoughts are peaceful, not painful,' says God."MFP|
|1981-12-8||Olof Palme||Sweden||prime minister||"No one on this planet can be insensitive to the name of Hiroshima. This should never happen again." MFP|
|1982-3-13||Alessandro Pertini||Italy||President||"My heart is full of anxiety. I sympathize with the A-bomb survivors. This is a great warning to us. Together with the people of the world (abbreviated below)." MFP|
|1982-8-26||Javier Perez de Quejar||Peru||United Nations Secretary-General||"I feel very solemn to visit this museum, which is an eternal lesson for humankind. The lesson is that peace and understanding are important. (Omitted)." MFP|
|1983-12-7||Abu Sayeed Choudhry||Bangladesh||Former president||"We would like to express our condolences to the many men, women and children who lost their lives here due to the thoughtless and destructive use of weapons." MFP|
|1984-3-16||Maruki Iri-Maruki Shun||Japan||Atomic bomb diagramCo-producer MFP|
|1984-5-25||Jimmy Carter||The United States of America||Former president||"This memorial is a constant effort by all to achieve peace and a better understanding (abbreviated below)." MFP 2002 Nobel Peace Prize|
|1984-7-8||San Yu||Burma||President||"Burma sympathizes with the great impact of the tragedy that took place in this city in August 1945. I am afraid this tragedy (abbreviated below)." MFP|
|1984-8-5||Floyd Schmoe||The United States of America||Pacifist, writer, Hiroshima City Special Honorary Citizen, Efforts to Reconstruct Hiroshima After Radiation Exposure MFP|
|1984-8-5||es: Mary McMillan||The United States of America||AWPTA (currentlyen: American Physical Therapy Association) Founder "I want to work with you" MFP|
|1984-9-15||en: Rodrigo Carazo Odio||Costa Rica||Former president||"May we learn from the suffering and lessons of the world." MFP|
|1984-11-10||en: Kalevi Sorsa||Finland||prime minister||"We are all able to get closer to humanity, who is in its original role, so that the cities of the world never become crematoriums (abbreviated below)." MFP|
|1984-11-23||Mother Teresa||Albania||Nun||Indian Citizens, Monastic Order "God's Love MissionariesFounder, 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, "God loves each of us (abbreviated below)" MFP|
|1985-8-5||Leonard Bernstein||The United States of America||Composer / conductor||"Already there are too many words-|
I'm lacking in action! " MFP
|1986-7-11||en: Bernard Lown, en: Eugueni Chazov||The United States of America||IPPNWPresident||1985 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate "We, IPPNW doctors, swear that this mistake will never be repeated." MFP|
|1986-9-16||en: Maung Maung Kha||Myanmar||prime minister||MFP|
|1986-12-4||Miguel de la madrid ultard||Mexico||President||"Everyone in the world must work to avoid repeating Hiroshima, or else (...)" MFP|
|1987-2-26||en: Humayun Rashid Chowdhury||Bangladesh||President of the United Nations General Assembly||"This visit was a very moving and noble experience for me. If humanity has a firm will (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1987-9-16||en: Ati George Sokomanu||バヌアツ||President||"I would like to express my deepest condolences to the 1945 Hiroshima disaster with my wife, and the devastated area (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1988-11-12||Adolfo Perez Eskibel||Argentine||Architect, sculptor, peace activist||1980 Nobel Peace Prize "Expressing solidarity with the Japanese people. Hiroshima has such a tragedy (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1989-9-14||Julio Maria Sanginetti||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||President||MFP|
|1989-11-4||Andrei Sakharov||Soviet Union||physicist||1975 Nobel Peace Prize "Sadness squeezes my heart. (Omitted)"MFP|
|1990-3-17||Florence Griffith-Joiner||The United States of America||Track and field athletes||1988 Seoul Olympics track and field gold medalist, "If possible for the people of Hiroshima (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1990-9-14||Hassan Gled Aptidon||ジブチ||President||"The abominable events that took place in Hiroshima cost a lot of the innocent people in the city (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1990-10-6||Oscar Arias Sanchez||Costa Rica||President||1987 Nobel Peace Prize "People all over the world (abbreviated below) so that such a disaster will never be repeated"MFP|
|1990-11-2||Mairead Maguire Magwire||Northern Ireland||Founder of Community of Peace People||1976 Nobel Peace Prize "Keep away all thoughts and weapons of war. Nonviolence in resolving any conflict (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1990-11-10||en: Rafael Leonardo Callejas||ホンジュラス||President||"It's a lesson that tells so much! To maintain peace, people around the world are more determined to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1991-4-23||Junius Richard Jayawardana||Sri Lanka||Former president||"Since that day in August 1945, I have heard about the atomic bomb and the consequences of its drop on dear Hiroshima (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1992-4-17||Mikhail Gorbachev||Soviet Union||Former president||"The years have not been able to relieve the pain of Hiroshima's tragedy. (Omitted)."MFP|
|1992-8-5||en: Pengiran Yusof||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||Former prime minister||In 1945, he was exposed to radiation in Hiroshima, where he was studying abroad.MFP|
|1993-4-5||en: Martin Harwit||The United States of America||Director of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum||"Civilization can only survive by humans learning from history. With the Peace Memorial Museum (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1993-11-4||en: Azlan Shah||Malaysia||Sultan, Perak||MFP|
|1993-11-24||Yuriko Kuronuma||Japan||violinist||"I have the feeling of seeing a testimony that I must be ashamed that I was born as a member of humanity (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1994-4-22||Ingvar Carlsson||Sweden||Former prime minister||"We must not forget the past, and create hope for the future."MFP|
|1994-5-7||Mori||Japan||宇宙 飛行 士||"It is recognized that the human philosophy of using science and technology, which is a double-edged sword, is being questioned."MFP|
|1994-10-5||Juan Antonio Samaranch||Spain||IOCPresident||"Today Hiroshima is a'peace city'. Olympic activities also promote world peace."MFP|
|1995-2-25||Mary Robinson||Ireland||President||"In this memorable year, Hiroshima reminds us of the terrifying inhumanity of the atomic bomb."MFP|
|1995-3-30||The Dalai Lama XIV||Tibet||Dalai Lama||1989 Nobel Peace Prize "To abolish indescribable and unimaginably destructive weapons from this earth (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1995-7-30||Joseph Rotblat||United Kingdom||Pug wash conferencePresident||1995 Nobel Peace Prize "Let the tragedy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki not be repeated in any country (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1995-8-8||Richard von Weizsecker||Germany||Former president||"People who have visited Hiroshima will convey the message of peace to the world as long as they live."MFP|
|1995-9-16||Alberto Fujimori||Peru||President||"I share the hopes of the people of Hiroshima. Everyone wants to stop the nuclear test and peace, and the nuclear test is (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1995-11-1||Helmut Schmid||Germany||Former prime minister||"It should never happen again."MFP|
|1995-12-6||Vaclav Havel||Czech Republic||President||"Let Hiroshima never forget, the world will never forget all its tragic events, and (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1995-12-6||Kocheril Rahman Narayanan||India||Vice President||"Hiroshima's tragic experience is a strong warning to humanity. We must not forgive any more nuclear weapons."MFP|
|1995-12-6||Kensaburo Oe||Japan||作家||1994 Nobel Prize in Literature "I have often visited this memorial hall. Today with the world's best and responsible intellects (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1995-12-6||Eri Wiesel||The United States of America||作家||1986 Nobel Peace Prize "Let's remember. We have to remember. In our memory (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1996-8-28||Betty Williams||Northern Ireland||Community of Peace People co-founder||1976 Nobel Peace Prize "Never forget the tragedy of this beautiful city. Everyone will never forget (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1997-7-28||Frederik Willem Declark||South Africa||Former president||1993 Nobel Peace Prize "I was deeply moved. This should never happen again! Now is the time for peace (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1997-11-12||Simon Perez||Israel||Former prime minister||1994 Nobel Peace Prize "This is the strongest declaration of opposition to war in human history and is a terrifying nuclear weapon (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1998-4-18||Oscar Luigi Scalfaro||Italy||President||"I'm just astonished when I visit this museum of death. I'm indescribably astonished. Many people (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1998-6-12||Kunio Nakamura||パラオ||President||"I would like to thank Hiroshima City Hall and the people of Hiroshima for their tireless efforts to promote world peace."MFP|
|1998-7-27||de: Kazimierz Smoleń||Poland||Director of the Oswiecim Museum||AuschwitzFormer inmate "While visiting the museum in Hiroshima, the mourning for the war never ceases (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|1998-7-3||en: Milorad Dodik||Republic of Slupska||prime minister||"This is a serious message appealing to the whole world against nuclear bombs."MFP|
|1998-11-6||Girija Prasad Koirala||Nepal||prime minister||"I visited Hiroshima someday and had an irreplaceable life due to the explosion of the first atomic bomb on August 1945, 8 (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|1998-12-9||Seamus Heaney||Northern Ireland||Poet / writer||1995 Nobel Prize in Literature "Peace Memorial Museum Enlightens the Darkness. (Omitted)"MFP|
|1999-4-15||Mohamed Elbaradai||Egypt||2005 Nobel Peace Prize "With the tragedy of Hiroshima in mind, the abolition of nuclear weapons and all weapons of mass destruction (hereinafter omitted)"MFP|
|1999-7-31||en: Vasco Rocha Vieira||Macau||Governor of Macau||"This museum and the peace monument in the park will always remind us. (Omitted)."MFP|
|2000-3-12||en: Abdallah Baali||アルジェリア||Chairman of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference||"I was overwhelmed by the horrifying scenes and photos. Humans do this to humans ... brothers (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|2000-5-12||José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||President||"To plead for peace, I pay homage and praise to the city martyred for the world as an example today."MFP|
|2000-8-3||Inoue Hisashi||Japan||作家||"Remember, protest, and live." Protest, and live "is British (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|2000-9-19||Carlos Filipe Simenes Bello||東 テ モ ー ル||Bishop||1996 Nobel Peace Prize "Thank you for the sympathy and solidarity of the mayor and the director of the museum. (Omitted)"MFP|
|2001-2-7||Abdulsalami Abbacar||Nigeria||Former head of state||"It was a very moving visit. Peace in the world (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|2001-2-22||en: Teburoro Tito||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||President||"I will put an end to the nuclear weapons and evils that afflict the helpless ordinary people of this earth (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|2001-4-15||Helen Clark||New Zealand||prime minister||"In memory of the victims of the Hiroshima bombing. This should never happen again."MFP|
|2002-2-8||India||Ambassador of Extraordinary Plenipotentiary||"Forty years have passed and I have returned to this sacred place, but even though 40 years have passed, (the following is omitted)."MFP|
|2002-8-3||en: Barbara Lee||The United States of America||Congressman||"August 2002, 8 I can't express my sadness and guilt in words. (Omitted)"MFP|
|2002-11-21||en: Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor||South Africa||Council chair||"A memorial service suitable for humankind's suffering-remember this, such a cruel (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|2003-3-3||Fidel Castro||Cuba||Council chair||"May this kind of atrocities never happen again."MFP|
|2003-6-7||en: Ranil Wickremasinghe||Sri Lanka||prime minister||"I was deeply moved by the suffering of Hiroshima. (Omitted)."MFP|
|2004-1-29||Howard H. Baker Jr.||The United States of America||ambassador||"With heartfelt condolences and sadness"MFP|
|2004-5-21||Jean Pin||ガボン||President of the United Nations General Assembly||"I feel deep fear and sadness."MFP|
|2004-8-5||Alexander Roshkov||Russia||Ambassador of Extraordinary Plenipotentiary||"This is a useful and enlightening complex. I am very shocked (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|2004-11-4||Bertrand Delanoë||France||Mayor of Paris||"Hiroshima's suffering is our suffering. Hiroshima's history is our history, the history of humankind. (Omitted)"MFP|
|2004-11-4||Mwai Kibaki||Kenya||President||"I hope that people all over the world will never repeat the devastation of the atomic bombing. (Omitted)."MFP|
|2005-7-23||Victor Yushchenko||Ukraine||President||"The exhibition at the museum is a memory of the damage that Japanese people have experienced to all people, that is, civilization (hereinafter omitted)."MFP|
|2006-3-15||Bing Wa Mutarika||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||President||"This memorial park is about to self-destruct by hatred by humankind (abbreviated below)."MFP|
|2008-5-15||Cuba||Goodwill ambassador||Guevara's daughter, pediatrician, "Today is the 18th birthday of my youngest daughter, so much pain (abbreviated below)"MFP|
|2008-9-2||Nancy Pelosi||The United States of America||House of Representatives||As the highest incumbent in the United States (third place after the president and vice president)|
|2008-9-2||Boris Gryzlov||Russia||House of Representatives|
|2009-10-18||en: Lesao Lehohla||Lesotho||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2009-10-20||en: Sven Alkalaj||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||Ambassador of Extraordinary Plenipotentiary|
|2014-04-11||John Forbes Kelly||The United States of America||Secretary of State||"... Everyone in the world should see and feel the power of this museum."|
|2016-04-10||Jose Mujika||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||Former president||Science without ethics becomes an unthinkable tool of evil.History teaches that humans are the only animals to stumble on the same stone.Did we learn it?|
|2016-05-27||Barack Obama||The United States of America||President||First incumbentPresident of the United StatesVisit, 2009Nobel Peace Prize, "We have experienced the suffering of war. Together, spread peace (abbreviated below)."|
|2016-11-09||Nursultan Nazarbayev||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||President||"I was moved by seeing the damage of the atomic bomb with my own eyes. The people of the world must act together toward a world without nuclear weapons. I want to hold hands and move forward together."|
|Note 1 Public office is at the time of visit unless otherwise noted.|
Note 2 The visit of the Prime Minister of Japan, which has been customary since Eisaku Sato, is omitted.
Implementation of repair work
It is said that it takes 3 hours to visit the museum, but according to a survey conducted by the museum in 2004, the actual average tour time is only about 45 minutes, and most of the visitors visit the East Building in the first half. It turned out that the average tour of the main building was less than 19 minutes.In particular, group guests such as school excursion students are rushing around the building due to the limited tour time, and there is a tendency to neglect the important tour of the main building, which displays a huge number of relics and materials exposed to the atomic bomb. Is pointed out to be strong.For this reason, the museum side will carry out large-scale renovation work from 2013 to 2018., "We have announced a plan to go up from the entrance of the East Building to the 3rd floor by escalator and change to a route where you can visit the main building first through the corridor."..In addition, along with this renovation work, the aforementioned "A-bomb reproduction doll" will be removed by FY2016 (Later), A plan to proceed with renovation in the direction of enhancing the exhibition of actual materials such as the remains of the A-bomb survivors rather than the model was announced in March 2013...In addition, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum before the renewal specializes in the content of dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima City.Nagasaki Atomic Bomb MuseumIs being done inDownwinders[Annotation 6]Exhibition aboutAt the exhibition review meetingPeaceful use of nuclear powerIt has been pointed out that it is necessary to exhibit the current situation of.
In addition, it has been pointed out that the main building, which has been designated as an important cultural property, has deteriorated after more than half a century, causing anxiety about maintenance.In this regard, a proposal was made to install a seismic isolation device in the main building and maintain the status quo as much as possible..
2014From March, part of the exhibition in the East Building will be changed and renovation will begin...From September of the same year to the spring of 9, the East Building was closed and renovation work was carried out (reopening was April 2016, 2017)...After the construction of the East Building is completed, the main building is scheduled to be renovated until the spring of 2019..
"A-bomb reproduction doll" and its removal problem
From installation to the present
One of the most well-known exhibits at the Peace Memorial Museum, the "A-bombed reproduction doll" (hereinafter referred to as "reproduction doll"), is now on display in the museum.1973It was during the first renovation in July.Since then, some exhibition changes have been made during the renovation.Before the installation of this reproduction doll, the mannequin doll actually dressed in the exposed clothes1955Has been exhibited since the opening of,1958I took a location shoot in Hiroshima cityAlan ReneThe director's Japanese-French co-production movie "XNUMX Hours Amour』Also appeared in one scene.
The installation of the reproduction doll in 1973 was at that time.Hiroshima Mayor-Setsuo YamadaRealized by the advice of..This doll was made by reproducing the situation immediately after the bombing.Wax figureIt is a combination of three bodies (two women and one infant) and a background picture (enlarged rather than the original picture) drawn by the A-bomb painter. Produced based on the guidance of..The newly established reproduction doll was controversial among the citizens, and at that time, the poetSadako KuriharaCriticizes that "the danger of blocking imagination and creating false stereotypes" is possible...After that, instead of Fukui's painting, about 2 km from the hypocenterKanonmachi(Current cityNishi-ward) The background was a diorama model of the ruins that reproduced the vicinity..1991At the time of the second renovation, it was changed to a plastic doll and continues to the present day.This (2nd generation) reproduction doll expresses how a housewife, a female student, and a toddler who were exposed at about 2 to 1.5 km from the hypocenter escaped, and the exhibition space was darkened and lit up with red light to be exposed. Recreating the fire of time.
As mentioned above,2013January,2018A plan to remove the reproduction dolls by 2016 was announced due to the renovation work scheduled for.However, in response to this removal plan, "many citizens think that the reason for removing the doll is because it is too scary." "The doll is necessary to make posterity understand the horror of the atomic bomb." In addition to receiving a large number of dissenting opinions from the general public,FacebookCitizens' groups are campaigning against removal..On the other hand, only one or two of the more than 2 opinions received by telephone and e-mail to the Hiroshima city authorities and museums in the two months since the announcement of the plan were in favor of the removal plan..
About this issueYahoo! Japanが2013年6月6日から6月16日にかけて「原爆資料館の『被爆人形』はどうすべき?」という題で意識調査を行ったところ、投票総数2万7640票の内訳は「現在の形で展示を続ける……1万6947票（61.3%）」「形を変えて展示を続ける……6359票（23%）」「撤去する……2847票（10.3%）」「わからない……1487票（5.4%）」という結果であった.
About the reason for removing the reproduction dollHiroshima cityAlthough there is an opinion that the dolls are very impressive and are an exhibition that conveys the tragedy of the time, the survivors said, "The horrific scene of the atomic bomb damage was not like this. It was more miserable." Therefore, depending on the person who sees the doll, the actual situation of the atomic bomb damage may be taken lighter than it actually is.On top of that, in order for visitors to remember the reality of the atomic bombing and the idea that it should never be repeated, it is important to display actual materials that are not affected by individual subjectivity or values no matter who views them. So, I decided to remove the doll at the time of the renewal.As a concrete new exhibition method
・ In the first corner to introduce the actual situation of the bombing, large bombing materials such as destroyed brick walls and those who died wear it to show that many lives were lost in the city that was destroyed in an instant. An exhibition will be held where you can imagine the terrible situation at that time, including the clothes you were wearing, the bodies and photographs of the burned people.
・ In other corners, the remains of the deceased, the situation of the atomic bombing, the thoughts of the donors, etc. will be exhibited together with the remains, materials of the atomic bombing, and pictures of the atomic bomb survivors depicting the tragedy. An exhibition will be held to convey the existence of life and the sadness of the bereaved family.
・ We will exhibit the actual situation of the atomic bomb damage that continues to this day, such as the health damage caused by radiation, the sadness of losing a family, and the trauma of suffering.We will continue to study the exhibition so that it will show the whole picture of the damage caused by the atomic bomb, and more than ever, the inhumanity of the atomic bomb, the misery of the damage caused by the atomic bomb, and the suffering and sadness of the survivors.
It is supposed to be.On the other hand, in response to criticism from the citizens that "the reason for removing the doll is that it looks too scary," Hiroshima City said, "The materials that convey the tragedy of the terrible bombing are basically as they are. Under the policy that you should see it, we decided to remove the A-bombed reproduction doll, and we are not concerned about giving a cruel impression such as scary or scary appearance. "" After the renewal teeth,A-bomb survivor OfRelics,写真, The policy is to emphasize data materials, etc., and we do not remove the A-bombed dolls because they give a cruel impression. ".
On November 2012, 11, the exhibition facility "Schmoe House" was opened in Ebanihonmatsu, Naka-ku, and was open to the public.. The predecessor wasFloyd SchmoeThe Schmoe House, one of the 1949 houses in Hiroshima, built between 1953 and 21, was used as a meeting place until 2011 and was the only existing building..Hiroshima south roadAs it hits the planned site due to extension,HikiyaMoved to the current location.It was developed as a facility to introduce support to Hiroshima from outside Japan after the atomic bombing..
- First generation:Shogo NagaokaÖ 1955 - 1962 Õ
- 2nd generation: Hirosuke Mori (1962- 1970)
- 3nd generation:Kaoru OguraÖ 1970 - 1971 Õ
- 4th generation: Kazuharu Hamasaki (1971-1974)
- 5th generation: Seinosuke Arata (1974 --1976)
- 6th generation: Toshio Yano (1976-1979)
- 7nd generation:Akihiro TakahashiÖ 1979 - 1983 Õ
- 8s: Yoshitaka Kawamoto (1983-1993)
- 9th generation: Hiroshi Harada (1993 --1997)
- Teen: Minoru Hataguchi (10 --1997)
- 11s: Koichiro Maeda (2006 --2013)
- 12s: Kenji Shiga (2013 --2019)
- 13s: Takuo Takigawa (2019-Present)
- ^ At this museum, the admission fee was left unchanged at 1972 yen for adults and 44 yen for high school students (free for junior high school students and younger as it is now) for 50 years from 30 so that as many people as possible can visit.Before the price increase, the annual operating cost was 3 million yen and the income was 3600 million yen.It is expected that the annual sales will increase by 5600 million yen due to the price increase, and it is said that it will be possible to cover the cost of the exhibition out of the operating costs..
- ^ On the day of the bombing, in the Nakajima area near the hypocenter, which is equivalent to the current Peace Memorial Park.Forced evacuation of buildingsIt's a work day, and many people have been mobilized for this work since the morning.Valais, Switzerland-High girlA student was killed by the direct hit of the atomic bomb.
- ^ At the time of the atomic bombing, the shadow of a woman sitting on a stone at the entrance of the branch and waiting for the opening time (mostly identified from the testimony of the bereaved family and witnesses) was said to have been burned by heat rays, but to be precise. The extract from the human body leaves a black shadow-like stain.For a long time after the war, a glass case was attached in front of the branch office and it was preserved as it is, but it was relocated to the museum because the "shadow" was exposed to sunlight and became thinner over time.It's pretty hard to see now.
- ^ Inoue HisashiDramaKazuo KurokiThe director made a movie "If you live with your fatherCharacter "Kinoshita" (Tadanobu AsanoIs also a model of).
- ^ Today, the facilities of the three buildings arelandscapeIn, through Hiroshima city from east to westPeace BoulevardAtomic Bomb Dome ―― Atomic Bomb Victims Memorial ―― At first glance with the north-south axis of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum main building as the axis of symmetrysymmetryThe public hall that was built in the west wing before the renovationLe Corbusier OfSoviet PalaceProposed plan  It was a building with a trapezoidal volume.The east-west pillars of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum (currently the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum East Building) in the east wing are 7 spaces, while the east-west pillars of the current Hiroshima International Conference Center in the west wing are 9 spaces. To be, I will keep the remnants of it.However, the part of the "Shin-Hiroshima Hotel", which was annexed to the trapezoidal volume of the public hall, had a pillar space between the north, south, east and west, which had the same shape as the right wing. checking ...
- ^ People who have suffered health damage due to nuclear development or the nuclear accident.
- ^ Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Ordinance
- ^ Hiroshima City Designated Manager System
- ^ Admission fee increased to XNUMX yen Atomic Bomb Museum Next April Hiroshima City, to city council proposal -Chugoku Shimbun July 2015, 9
- ^ Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, quadruple admission fee for the first time in XNUMX years, free for elementary and junior high school students -Sankei News February 2016, 3
- ^ Completely renewed the Peace Memorial Museum --Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation
- ^ a b The man who left Hiroshima-The secret story of the birth of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum-Passion Press --TSS TV Shinhiroshima
- ^ NHK [ETV Special] Hiroshima Hypocenter Nuclear Peaceful Use Expo -NHK E Tele
- ^ NHK Hiroshima Broadcasting Station Program Information
- ^ "Fukushima and Hiroshima" Part XNUMX "Peaceful Use" A-bombed areas are also a part --Chugoku Shimbun Hiroshima Peace Media Center
- ^ a b c d "The First Step to Creating a Character of" Hiroshima's Misery "Atomic Bomb Museum" --Chugoku Shimbun May 1967, 5, p. 7
- ^ Chugoku Shimbun, February 1975, 2, page 28 "Newly refurbished Atomic Bomb Museum tomorrow open preservation measures special glass and storage"
- ^ "Atomic Bomb Museum, 50th Anniversary of This Summer", Chugoku Shimbun, June 2005, 6
- ^ Luli, van der Does; Kawano, Noriyuki (2019-12-17). “Online tourist reviews and accidental conveyors of memories of the atomic bomb”. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change 0 (0): 1–18. two:10.1080/14766825.2019.1702048. ISSN 1476 – 6825.
- ^ Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, the number of visitors is the highest ever Mr. Obama effect? Asahi Shimbun, viewed on March 2017, 2.
- ^ "Number of visitors exceeded XNUMX million / Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum". Shikoku Shimbun (September 2002, 8). April 2017, 12Browse.
- ^ "XNUMX million people admitted to the Atomic Bomb Museum Achieved over XNUMX years”. Hiroshima Peace Media Center (December 2010, 9). April 2017, 12Browse.
- ^ "XNUMX million women born on August XNUMX at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum". Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2017, 9). April 2017, 12Browse.
- ^ Hiroshima city "Tourism trends" Archived August 2015, 1, at the Wayback Machine. Browsing 2015-1-10
- ^ "Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum" ranked first in Japan's tourist spot rankings that are popular with foreigners.
- ^ Ryoko Kitazaki (July 2014, 7). "Kinkaku" and "Shimizu" are suppressed and are the most popular among foreigners. XNUMX The reason for "Fushimi Inari" is "the mystery of the red and green demon world". Sankei Shimbun April 2014, 7Browse.
- ^ trip advisor Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Browse 2015-1-10
- ^ trip advisor TOP20 Must-see Attractions in Japan Browse 2015-1-10
- ^ Lonely Planet 10 best places to visit in Japan
- ^ Chugoku Shimbun, "Prime Minister and 8"
- ^ Asahi Shimbun DIGITAL "Angry Guevara, Monroe sighs his thoughts in Hiroshima and Nagasaki." Browse 2021-08-05
- ^ Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Message to peace View 2011-7-20
- ^ Real Sound "Jimmy Page revisits Hiroshima for the first time in 44 years Tetsushi Ichikawa explores" Legendary Zeppelin's first performance in Hiroshima ""
- ^ BARKS "Jimmy Page,'War must never happen again'"
- ^  Mainichi Shimbun Former President Muhika Visits Hiroshima See photos at the Atomic Bomb Museum
- ^ Chugoku Shimbun Hiroshima Peace Media Center, "Mr. Obama's visit to Hiroshima, which is described in the Atomic Bomb Museum Yoshinori," A World Without Nuclear Weapons ""
- ^  Asahi Shimbun President Kazakhstan visits Hiroshima for the first time Addresses to a world without nuclear weapons
- ^ a b Hiroshima City "We have formulated a basic plan for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum exhibition maintenance, etc."
- ^ a b c "This is the Special Investigation Department Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Ripples spreading to the removal of the A-bombed dolls" (Tokyo NewspaperAugust 2013, 5)
- ^ To remove the diorama model of the A-bomb survivors Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum(Asahi Shimbun March 2013, 3)
- ^ Nagasaki City. “C-5 Victims of Nuclear Weapons Development and Experiments". Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum Official Website. April 2018, 8Browse.
- ^ "C-5 Summary of the 5th Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Exhibition Review Conference". Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Official Website. April 2018, 8Browse.
- ^ Atomic Bomb Museum, renovation work from 18th Partial change of exhibition contents -Asahi Shimbun April 2014, 3
- ^ a b c "Asahi Shimbun" (Hiroshima version) "+2015 Hiroshima no Kiseki" dated January 1, 1.
- ^ a b c d "Asahi Shimbun" (Osaka version) "To retire from the" face "that I told you about the bombing" dated August 2011, 8.
- ^ a b c "Mainichi Shimbun" dated August 2013, 8.
- ^ A-bomb doll: signature against removal, to Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum(Mainichi Shimbun May 2013, 6)
- ^ Facebook "I oppose the removal of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum" A-bomb reproduction doll ""
- ^ What should I do with the "A-bombed dolls" at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum? --Yahoo! News Awareness Survey
- ^ About the removal of the A-bomb reproduction doll at the Peace Memorial Museum Hiroshima City February XNUMX, XNUMX
- ^ Criticism of the Atomic Bomb Museum just before President Obama's visit to Hiroshima NEWS Post Seven June 5th
- ^ "Schmoe House" to open Hiroshima, open to the public from 1st -47NEWS October 2012, 10
- ^ Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Schmoe House opens --Hiroshima City March 2012, 10
- ^ Introducing support from overseas after the bombing Schmoe House opens! --Public information Hiroshima Citizens and municipal administration
- Kenzo Tange - Designer
- Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum - Official site
- "Atomic Bomb Museum, 50th Anniversary of This Summer", Chugoku Shimbun, June 2005, 6 - Wayback machine(For archived March 2006, 8)
- Hiroshima Archive --Mapping of materials from the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum and testimonies of A-bomb survivors on Google Earth
- Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum -Internet Museum
- Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum -artscape