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🏛 | The movie "Education and Patriotic", which approaches the reality of politics intervening in education, will be released in Oita City


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The movie "Education and Patriotic", which approaches the reality of politics intervening in education, will be released in Oita City

 
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The documentary film "Education and Patriotic" will be released on the 5st at Cinema 21 in Oita City.
 

The documentary film "Education and Patriotic", which approaches the reality of textbooks being rewritten by the power of politics, will be released from the 21st. → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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documentary

documentary(English: documentary) IsfactReport on a specific subjectmovies-TV program-Radio program[1].

specificthemeIt is a movie, a TV program, or a radio program that records the facts (selectively) by setting.

By the way, to explain how the term documentary was born, the term "document document" in English means "a handwritten document, printed matter, electronic medium, etc. that provides information, evidence, or official records."[2]The adjective is "documentary documentary", that is, the expression "documentary", which is similar to a document, and it is nominalized, that is, the adjective is nominalized. Is the term documentary, which is originally a documentary expression.

documentIt has a very long historyTextSince the invention of, it was originally recorded exclusively in text, but after the technology for recording video was developed (around the end of the 19th century), it was traditionally done only in text using that technology. It means that the creation of documents has come to be done with video, and it has come to be called documentary.

Since it is a documentary that records the facts by setting a specific subject, for example, a video (data) in which a scene of the street is simply recorded for a long time with a fixed point camera is visualized. Yes, but not categorized in documentary because there is no subject[Source required].

Regarding the movie, "Recorded video""Record movieIt is also said.TV programIn the case of "Documentary program" "Documentary" "Recorded videoIs called.For documentaries,recordingdo itradioBroadcast on, for example, street recordingNarrationThere is also a radio program composed of recordings, etc.[3][4] radio documentary"It is called.

There are various methods for each medium and each work.

Documentaries are generally recognized as "depictions of facts that do not include the intention or subjectivity of the creator", while "Feature film (Drama film,DramaIs creativefictionHowever, there is no difference in that the creator's intentions are involved and that a kind of lie may be lied.Tatsuya MoriIt is pointed out by practitioners such as[5].A documentary for dictators, powers, and their minions to deceive and manipulate the people, taking advantage of the fact that many people think that documentaries are a record of "unintentional" facts. It is necessary to be careful there because it may be produced and broadcast.[Source required].

Documentary history

Dawn

The history of documentary began with the film.Lumiere brothersThe first movie in history byFactory exit(1895), as the name implies, is a one-shot shot of employees coming out by installing a camera at the exit of the factory.Continue"Arrival of a train at La Shiota Station(1896), the audience mistakenly mistaken the screen image for the real thing and made a fuss.These are documentaries in the above definition[6]..Other footage shot by Lumiere and others (such as a family dinner) is also a kind of documentary film.

In the early films, landscapes from all over the world were actively filmed and promoted to the masses.This can also be said to be the forerunner of travel documentaries.

The boundaries between fiction and non-fiction in early films were ambiguous and undifferentiated into the various genres that were born later.At this stage, the audience was always interested in the fact that the image was being shown and that something unusual was being shown (in this flow, from the image of the play taken with a fixed camera.Feature filmWill be born).

The era of pioneers

Eventually, as some of the possibilities of the medium of cinema became clear, some creators were willing to project their own awareness of the problem into their works while emphasizing the element of recording medium.Said to be the father of a documentaryRobert Flaherty(USA, 1884-1951)Joris Ivens(Netherlands, 1899-1989),Ziga Vertov(Soviet Union, 1896-1954) and so on.

Flaherty is a masterpiece "Far north mystery (Nanook of the North』(1922/),InuitI made it while living with the Nanook family for a year.Event was initially a "bridge" (1928/) And "rain" (1929/) ByAvant-gardeAlthough acclaimed as a filmmaker, these film productions are the beginning of his subsequent consistent documentary career.Vertov is a masterpiece "Man with a camera" (in:Человек с киноа ппаратомThrough the production of, he advocated the documentary film principle "", which makes a thorough record of reality the best, and continues to influence later documentary filmmakers.

Based on these achievements in the 1920s, the British documentary filmmakers reached the 1930s. (Paul Rotha, (John GriersonFilm production with the intention of transforming society by utilizing the educational and promotional effects of movies, such as "", which they advocated, flourished.The modern term "documentary" originates from this movement.

Two World Wars and a documentary

With the establishment of these documentary techniques and techniques, the public promotion ability of movies has attracted attention and is national.propagandaMany works aimed at this have also appeared.In particularWorld War ISince then, the production of propaganda movies has been emphasized as one of the measures to enable total war.

For example,Reni Riefenstahl(Germany, 1902-2003) work "Triumph of the will』(1935/) IsNaziAlthough it is a video recording the party convention, it was finished as a sophisticated video work at that time, and its aesthetic impression made the publicNazismIt is said that it was induced to.Therefore it is stillGermanyIs prohibited from showing[7].

Nazi Germany left a detailed video record of its activities, some of whichJewConcentration campThe video of was also included.A masterpiece of a documentary film that used the recorded video originally taken for Nazi recording and promotion as a material and accused its criminality on the contrary.Alan Rene(France, 1922-2014) "Night and fog].

Anthropology film

Since the 1930s, movie camerasCultural anthropologyIt has also come to be used for fieldwork.Especially anthropology utilizing such imagesVisual anthropology (Visual anthropologyThe filmed footage is called an anthropological film.Here, the image is regarded as a recording means with absolute objectivity that is not influenced by the subjective interpretation of the recorder.

Anthropological films are purely academic records, which set them apart from documentaries in the modern sense, but are said to have had a certain influence on documentary filmmakers.

Modern documentary

Second World WarLater, the documentary came from a field called industrial film / educational film.Neo-colonialism,資本主義Diversified to even those who disagree withtelevisionWith the advent and spread of TV, a field of work called TV documentary, which is premised on broadcasting, has appeared.

Among them, classical-style documentary production was actively produced in conjunction with serious social problems.For exampleVietnam WarJoris Ivens is exposed to the U.S. military's North BombHanoiEnter and take a picture of the daily life of the citizensFar from Vietnam』(1967/) And "" (17e parallèle: La guerre du peuple 1968/) Was produced.Among them, "far away from Vietnam"Chris Marker,Jean-Luc GodardIt became a collaboration with up-and-coming French filmmakers.

In JapaneseJunichi UshiyamaAs a TV documentary,South Vietnam Marine Battalion Senki] Was produced.In Japan, he also produced ""Susumu Hani,Minamata diseaseContinued to pursueNoriaki Tsuchimoto,Sanrizuka StrugglePaintedShinsuke Ogawa,Yukiyuki, Shinto"ofKazuo HaraEtc. were active.

さ ら に8mm movie,16 Miri (16 mm filmmovies,Video cameraWith the widespread use of low-priced equipment, personal films dealing with the extremely private world have also risen.For exampleJonas Mekas (Jonas Mekasof"Reminiscences of a trip to Lithuania(Reminiscences of a Journey to Lithuania 1972/) Is the birthplace of the author himself living in the United StatesリトアニアI composed my own shooting of the appearance of visiting.GlimpseHome videoAlthough it is a typical work, it has been supported as a monumental work of personal movies all over the world.

On the other hand, documentary films as entertainment that appeals to the inferiority of the audience were also popular before the spread of television documentaries.These are cut-outs of the night customs of big cities around the world, decadent and bizarre events, and the "barbaric" customs of non-Western Asian (including Japan) and African peoples.In particularGualtiero Jacopettiof"World cruel story』(1962/) IsTravelingIn the rare times of the world, he introduced the quirks of the world and made a big hit, and many documentaries of this kind were produced until the decline in the early 1980s (these films were produced).Mondo movieIt is called).

Many of these Mondo movies from the beginningYaraseIn addition to seeing the inferior East and Africa from the European sideOrientalismIt has been criticized that there was a typical line of sight.In the latter half of the Mondo movie boom, a semi-fiction thing that showed the inside of the hands of Yarase appeared, and the audience began to enjoy the existence of Yarase as a tacit understanding, and eventually it was absorbed by shocking special programs on TV and disappeared. I went.

Also, the documentary production techniqueStereotypeIn some cases, a fiction (drama) with a sense of realism and realism is produced by taking advantage of techniques peculiar to documentaries such as handheld cameras.the 1970sSince then, these methods have already appearedHollywoodIt is also generalized.Furthermore, in Japanthe 1980sIn addition to the traditional coverage and composition format from around that time, "Documentary drama' (Docudrama(In the United States, it is a format established in the 1970s), "", which is a mixture of quizzes and talk shows in the studio, has appeared and is becoming more common.

the 1990sAfter that, in the TV broadcast, "Reality showThe style of observing the words and actions of characters such as amateur performers recruited from viewers without a script (in front of the building) under a certain extreme setting, which is called ", has become popular worldwide. ..This technique was novel in the sense that it was expressed as true because of its surveillance camera-like image, but there are conspicuous examples of making the directed (or fictitious) shooting object look true by the expression method.

Reality programs, true story reproduction programs, police officer-based programs (JapanPolice 24:XNUMX,in AmericaUS Police 24 o'clock Cops) And other prosperity have made it clear that people are preferring what looks like truth and documentary to scripted dramas.Also,2001/ OfAmerican terrorist attacksThe drama was hit by the influence of, while documentary films in a style similar to reality programs in which the director himself and amateurs assault social issues began to produce good box office results. "Fahrenheit 911And 'Supersize Me] Is an example.

Radio documentary


Difference between documentary and press

Documentaries and news reports are the same in terms of addressing social issues,Tatsuya MoriThe difference is that documentaries have the highest priority to express the creator's subjectivity and worldview, while the press should always be aware of objectivity and neutrality as much as possible. ing[5].

Also in the forestChinese peopleMade byDocumentary movieTheAgency for Cultural AffairsWas subsidizedLDPIn the event of a case where screenings were canceled at multiple movie theaters as a result of some lawmakers' doubts, he stated the essence of the documentary as follows.[8].

Of the LDPArimura HarukoA lawmaker has spread a big ripple in the Diet, saying that the swordsmith who was the subject is insisting that he want to delete the scene in which he is reflected.From the point of view of making a documentary, this raises a very important issue.Show it to the subject in advance and get an understanding.Given this, it's easy to crush a movie.The genre of documentary will surely perish.Me too,Kazuo HaraAlsoMichael mooreEveryone will have to change jobs.Self-madeMovie "A"I will cite.There is a scene of unjust arrest by a police officer in the middle.What should I do if that policeman says, "Don't use the scene in which I'm in the picture"?Or many media people who are reflected, do not get their consent.Of course, I didn't show the edited video either.Then can't it be screened?Documentary is a self-expression that cuts out reality and reconstructs the fragments into materials.If human rights and norms are given top priority, nothing can be taken.InadaThe legislator said before the preview: "If it's not objective, it's not a documentary."I was sharp with this.I am not joking.DocumentarySubjectivityis.It is the feeling of the creator.Politicians who need to have a more keen sense of the mediaLiteracyIf you can only have it, it's too pathetic. — Tatsuya Mori, Creation Edition “Great Discussion on Cancellation of Film Yasukuni” “Lecture at MIC / JCJ-sponsored rally on April 2008, 4” p14-58

Sub genre

There are several small genres in documentary[9].. (Reality Show # "Unstructured" DocumentarySee also)

  • (English edition(Direct cinema)- Narration,Interview,BGMDocumentary that eliminates.in JapanKazuhiro Soda Observation movieIt is produced under the name of.
  • (Self documentary / Participatory documentary) -A documentary in which the author shoots surrounding people such as himself and his family.Participatory documentaryTomo.
  • Fake documentary (Mockumentary) -also known as Mockumentary.A documentary-style fiction.
  • Reality show(Reality television)-A documentary that shows the face of ordinary performers (including unknown entertainers) in a dramatic situation that is actually happening.It is mainly broadcast on TV programs.The main examples are romance reality shows and research / search programs.
  • Interview documentary-A documentary based on interviews.TBS"Hinomaru" (February 1967, 2), etc.
  • Essayistic documentary-by the authoressayA documentary that progresses with narration such as.
  • Reflexive documentary-A documentary that skeptical of the credibility of a documentary and draws attention to the composition of the work.
  • Hybrid documentary-A documentary that creates a dialogue between the author and the viewer, where it's not clear what to understand.
  • Performance documentary- concert,theaterA documentary that recorded.
  • Animation documentary- ア ニ メ ー シ ョ ンDocumentary composed by.
  • Educational films-Documentaries produced for educational purposes.

Representative documentaries outside Japan

Representative Japanese documentary works

movies


tv set


Internet show

Film festivals, film festivals, and awards that also target documentaries

(Including TV and documentaries)

Besides Japan

Every yearFeature Documentary AwardShort Documentary AwardHas been awarded.
  • (International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam,Netherlands)
  • (Asian Television Awards, Singapore)
  • Oberhausen International Short Film Festival Oberhausen (Germany)
  • Munich International Documentary Film Festival (Germany)
  • Creteil International Women's Film Festival (France)
  • Sheffield International Documentary Festival (UK)
  • Wildscreen (UK)
  • Thessaloniki Documentary Film Festival (Thessaloniki Documentary Film Festival, Greece)
  • Athens International Film Festival (Greece)
  • Troia International Film Festival (Portugal)
  • Bilbao International Festival of Documentary and Short Films (Spain)
  • Kiev International Film Festival (Molodist Kyiv International Film Festival, Ukraine)
  • Krakow Short Film Festival (Poland)
  • Ankara International Film Festival (Turkey)
  • Tel Aviv International Documentary Film Festival (Israel)
  • The New York International Documentary Festival (USA)
  • WorldFest Houston International Film Festival (USA)
  • Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival (USA)
  • Santa Fe Film Festival (USA)
  • Cinema du Rille (Cinéma du réel, France)
  • DC Independent Film Festival (USA)
  • New Latin American International Film Festival (Festival Internacional del Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano, Cuba)
  • South African International Documentary Festival (South Africa)
  • Beijing International Science Film Festival (China)
  • Taiwan International Documentary Festival (Taiwan)
  • Seoul Independent Documentary Festival (Korea)
  • Mumbai International Film Festival (India)

Japan

Related literature

  • Masataka Kawamura "What is a documentary--the work of a television director" Bronze new company, February 1995.ISBN 4893091026
  • Makoto Sato, "The Horizon of Documentary Films: To Take the World Critically, Above", January 2001.ISBN 4773625058
  • Makoto Sato, "The Horizon of Documentary Movies: To Take the World Critically <below>" Kaifusha, January 2001.ISBN 4773625066
  • Tsutomu Konno "Detecting the lies on TV" Shinchosha Co., Ltd., February 2004.ISBN 4106100886
  • Tatsuya Mori "Documentary Tells a Lie" Soshisha, March 2005, 3.ISBN 4794213891
  • Norio Takebayashi, "Japanese Film History Series 5 Movies Record the World" (edited by Koichiro Murayama), Chapter 10, "A New Face of Television Documentaries," Moriwasha, September 2006, 9.ISBN 4916087674
  • "Contemporary Thought October 2007 Special Issue General Feature = Documentary" Seitosha, February 2007.ISBN 479171170X

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Lexico, documentary, NOUN
  2. ^ [1]A piece of written, printed, or electronic matter that provides information or evidence or that serves as an official record.
  3. ^ Tomomi Maruyama "Establishment of radio documentary "Recording composition": NHK "Street recording" and "Social exploration""Mass Communication Studies," Vol. 95, Japan Mass Communication Society, 2019, pp. 143-162, two:10.24460 / mscom.95.0_143, ISSN 1341-1306, NOT 130007733954.
  4. ^ What is a radio documentary? 2011.10.18 Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, The University of Tokyo
  5. ^ a b Tatsuya Mori, "Documentary Tells a Lie," Soshisha, March 2005, 3, pp. 22-85, 95.ISBN 4794213891
  6. ^ It is the first time in the history of a movie that the crowd that was the subject includes the people involved by Lumiere and others.ShowAlso known as.
  7. ^ In such films, reality is not always recorded as it is, and there is a strong tendency for reality to be distorted in line with the ideas of the creator and system.
  8. ^ Tatsuya Mori,Kunio Suzuki,Shinji Miyadai,Soichiro Tahara Written by Hiroyuki Shinoda (Japanese) "Great Discussion on Cancellation of Film Yasukuni" (First Edition), Tokyo, Tokyo, June 2008, 6 (Original: April 23, 2008), pp. 4-14 ..ISBN 9784924718883.. "Twisting of the issue of canceling the screening of" Yasukuni "" April 4th Lecture at a rally hosted by MIC / JCJ ". 
  9. ^ [2]Documentary genres
  10. ^ Noriko TsujiThe person himself is appearing, but some arefiction.

Related item

Oita City

Oita City(Oita) isOitaLocated in the middleCity..Oita prefecturePrefectural office locationAnd in the largest citiesCore cityIs specified in.

In terms of population, Oita prefecture andHigashikyushu(Oita Prefecture andMiyazaki) Is the largest, in KyushuFukuoka City,Kitakyushu,Kumamoto-shi,KagoshimaIt is the fifth largest city after.

Overview

Located almost in the center of the coastal area of ​​Oita Prefecture, it is the administrative, economic, and transportation center of Oita Prefecture.Oita metropolitan areaIt is also the center.42.7% of the total population in the prefecture is concentratedTop cityThis is the highest among the prefectural capitals in the Kyushu region, along with Kumamoto City (42.7%).Motoichi, whose population had increased slightly, began to decline for the first time in 2017 since the start of statistics in 1981, but the rate of decline is the lowest among the municipalities in the prefecture.The current city area used to beOita-gunas well as the North Sea District(Until the early Meiji eraKaifu-gun) Belonged to.

Old timesBungo OfKokufuIs placed,FuchuIt was called (Funai).中 世ToOtomoDeveloped as a castle town ofSengoku periodToChristian daimyoYoshitomo OtomoUnder the patronage of (Sorin), in Japanキ リ ス ト 教Became the center of missionNanbanCulture has blossomed.

High economic growthIn the period,Steel industry,Chemical industrySuch asHeavy chemical industryWith the advance ofIndustrial cityHas grown rapidly, and in recent yearsElectronics industryThe location of is progressing.

Geography

Seto Inland Sea OfBeppu BayFacing the east from the southOnogawaBut from the west to the westOita RiverIs flowing and pouring into the Seto Inland Sea.Formed by the Oita and Ono riversdeltaas well as the Alluvial plainConsists ofOita PlainAnd the hills around it, the central city is located on the west side of the mouth of the Oita River.BeppuNear the boundary withJapanese macaqueKnown forTakasaki MountainDistrict andToyo StraitFloat onTakashimaThe district isSeto Inland Sea National ParkIs specified in.Forest therapy baseCertified area.

highway OfOita Expresswayas well as the Higashikyushu ExpresswayPenetrates the city area from east to west,General national road OfNational Route 10,National Route 210Etc. are connected.

In the suburbs of the cityNew town,Shopping centerDue to the development such as, the population is increasing remarkably.

  • East end-131 degrees 57 minutes 46 seconds east longitude
  • West end-131 degrees 25 minutes 07 seconds east longitude
  • South end-33 degrees 04 minutes 11 seconds north latitude
  • Northern end-33 degrees 17 minutes 24 seconds north latitude

climate

Seto Inland Sea climateIt belongs to, and is warm and has a light rain throughout the year.The average temperature is 16.8 ° C and the rainfall is 1727.0 mm (normal value).However, the oldOita-gunNozuhara TownArea isShoji-dake, Etc., 600-800m class mountains are lined up and hit the entrance to the inland area.Inland climateThe temperature is slightly lower than that of flat land.

  • Temperature-up to 37.8 °C (2013/(25)7/24, Minimum -7.8℃ (1918/(Taisho 7)2/19
  • Maximum precipitation-443.7 mm (1908/(41th year of Meiji)8/10
  • Maximum instantaneous wind speed-44.3 m (1999/(11)9/24
  • Maximum number of summer days-152 days (2005/(17))
  • Maximum number of summer days-75 days (1990/(2),2010/(22))
  • Most hot days-24 days (2013)
  • Maximum number of tropical nights-35 days (2010)
  • Maximum number of winter days-67 days (1918/(7th year of Taisho),1936/(Showa 11))


Climate of Oita Local Meteorological Observatory (Nagahamamachi, Oita City, altitude 5m)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
29.3
(84.7)
31.2
(88.2)
32.7
(90.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.8
(100)
37.6
(99.7)
36.5
(97.7)
32.8
(91)
28.0
(82.4)
25.0
(77)
37.8
(100)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F10.7
(51.3)
11.5
(52.7)
14.6
(58.3)
19.7
(67.5)
24.1
(75.4)
26.5
(79.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.2
(90)
28.2
(82.8)
23.3
(73.9)
18.1
(64.6)
13.0
(55.4)
21.1
(70)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F6.5
(43.7)
7.2
(45)
10.2
(50.4)
14.8
(58.6)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
26.8
(80.2)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
19.1
(66.4)
13.8
(56.8)
8.7
(47.7)
16.8
(62.2)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F2.6
(36.7)
3.0
(37.4)
5.9
(42.6)
10.3
(50.5)
15.0
(59)
19.3
(66.7)
23.5
(74.3)
24.3
(75.7)
20.9
(69.6)
15.2
(59.4)
9.5
(49.1)
4.6
(40.3)
12.8
(55)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F−7.3
(18.9)
−7.8
(18)
−5.2
(22.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.7
(35.1)
7.2
(45)
14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
8.8
(47.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.1
(21)
−7.8
(18)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)49.8
(1.961)
64.1
(2.524)
99.2
(3.906)
119.7
(4.713)
133.6
(5.26)
313.6
(12.346)
261.3
(10.287)
165.7
(6.524)
255.2
(10.047)
144.8
(5.701)
72.9
(2.87)
47.1
(1.854)
1,727
(67.992)
Snowfall cm (inch)0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5 mm)5.97.710.010.09.714.012.010.611.17.76.95.5111.0
Average number of snowfall days6.44.61.50.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.14.617.3
(I.e.62636565687777757470696469
Average monthlyDaylight hours149.4149.1175.0190.1194.6135.7180.8202.8151.5164.2148.2151.21,992.4
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1887-present)[1][2]


Adjacent municipalities

Place name

History

Ancient times

Ancient timesThe area around the current city of Oita is called Oita-gun (Ohokita no Kohori), and is located along the lower reaches of the Oita River (currently Furugou), slightly south of the center of the city.Bungo OfKokufuIs speculated to have been placed.

The name of "Oita" is "Bungo Country Culture],Emperor KageyukiWhen he visited this place, he said, "Vast Ya, this county. Regards, you should name it Sekidenmachi." "Sekiden" is later written as "Oita." It is said that it came to be.In reality, the Oita Plain is not so vast, so today it is understood that Emperor Keiko's words describe not the vastness of the plain but the appearance of many rice fields. In any case, it can be said that it indicates that rice fields have been open in the Oita Plain for a long time.

中 世

Kamakura PeriodToOtomoIs Bungo ProvinceGuardianBeing appointed to the 3rd head of the familyOtomo Yoriyasu(ChastityNew Year (1222/)- Peace2 years(1300/)) Indigenous to Bungo Province.Motohiro3 years(1333/) In Bungo ProvinceGuardianIs entrusted to.Muromachi PeriodWhen entering, the 7th head of the familyMr. Yasushi OtomoSet up a pavilion near the mouth of the Oita River, slightly north of the castle (on the east side of the current city center).KentokumachiEtc.).This is the beginning of the castle town that is connected to the current Oita city, and the name of the townFuchusuch as."Remaining in the current center of Oita cityFunaimachiAnd the place name ""Funai 5th AvenueThe shopping street is a remnant of this.

Sengoku periodThe 21st head of the prefecture, who had the majority of Kyushu at its peakYoshitomo OtomoUnder (Sorin), the first Western style in JapanhospitalIs opened, etc.NanbanAccepted and prospered culture.However, Mr. Otomo lost the conflict with Mr. Shimazu and others and declined, and the prefecture1586/(Tensho14 years)Shimazu IekyuInvasion (Toyosato battle) Is said to have burned and destroyed.recent years,Oita StationNearContinuous three-dimensional intersectionAlong with the project and land readjustment project, ruins in the prefecture from the Middle Ages to the Warring States period, including the site of Otomo Ruins, were excavated.2001/(Heisei13 years)Otomo RuinsAs of the countryHistoric siteIs specified in.

Inheriting the trace of Yoshinori (Sourin)Yoshitomo Otomo The role of BunrokuBecause of the blunder inReformAfter that, Bungo Province was subdivided and sealed by the princes.1597/(KeichoThe prefecture was sealed in 2 years)Naotaka Fukuhara TheFuchu CastleThe construction of (Oita Castle) has started.

The early modern period

1601/(6th year of Keicho),Battle of SekigaharaDue to the military service ofFunai clanBecame the ancestor of (Oita clan)Shigetoshi TakenakaThe Funai Castle was extensively renovated by1607/In (Keicho 12), it became the scale of a castle of a modern daimyo.The castle town was also maintained by Shigetoshi and became the basis for later prosperity.

Edo PeriodIn the prefecture of1712/(MasanoriAccording to a survey conducted in 2 years), it had a population of 5,591 and was one of the largest castle towns in Bungo.

At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, in addition to the Funai domain, in the current city area,Usuki Domain-Okahan-Nobeoka Domain-Kumamoto Domain・ There was a territory of the shogunate.

Modern

In the Meiji era, the prefectural office of Oita Prefecture was set up in the prefecture,1889/(MeijiIt became Oita Town due to the enforcement of the town and village system in 22).Great Meiji mergerWhile the merger of cities, towns and villages called1907/Incorporated 40 towns and villages in (Meiji 3).1911/The city system was enforced in (Meiji 44).1920/(TaishoThe population of 9 years) was 4.

Postwar / modern

Among the cities in Japan, Oita isHigh economic growthIt is one of the cities that has grown rapidly since the period.

the 1950sThe population of Oita City is less than 10.Miyazaki CitySlightly less than Kyushu (OkinawaExcept)Saga CityIt was the second smallest prefectural capital after[3].

the 1960sEntering the period of high economic growth from (around 35), aiming for regional promotion through industrialization and for the development plan of the Oita regionNew industrial cityAimed at designation.To meet population requirements1963/(Showa 38)Tsurusaki City,Dainan TownStepping into a major merger (new establishment) with1964/(39) When it was designated as a new industrial city in January, it became a coastal area.Nippon SteelLarge factories such as have entered the market.Development progressed rapidly from the small city that had been crammed until then to an industrial city that represents Kyushu, and Oita City was called "the honor student of the new production city".

Population toothe 1960sSince then, it has increased rapidly, and the population was 1963 at the time of the merger in 38 (Showa 21).1970/45 people in (Showa 26),the 1980s36 million people,the 1990sThe number of people exceeded 40, and it almost doubled.Large-scale one after another in the surrounding hillsResidential estateWas created,Jonan housing complex,Akeno housing complex,Shikido housing complexSuch asNew town SprawlAnd a series of peculiarSuburbThe environment was born[4].

With the development as a new industrial city, in the 1970sNagasakiya,Daiei,Nichii,Jusco,SeiyuMany large supermarkets with Kanto and Kansai capital have advanced in front of Oita Station, and local department storesTokiwaAlong with this, a station-front type downtown area like a suburban city in the metropolitan area, which is rare in Kyushu, was formed.But then commercialDonutsWhile shopping malls were developed in the suburbs, all large supermarkets in the center were converted or withdrawn by 2009.[5]..In the center, due to the elevation of Oita Station2015/(27) In springAmu Plaza OitaIs in operation.

1997/(9)4/1ToCore cityIs specified in.

Great Heisei mergerThen,2005/(17)1/1, Saganoseki Town and Notsuharu Town were incorporated into Oita City.

Municipal

Mayor

Successive mayors[6]
NameInauguration dateRetirement dateRemarks
Former Mayor of Oita
1May 1911, 44May 1917, 6 (Taisho 7)
2Miura KazuheiMay 1917, 6 (Taisho 8)May 1926, 15 (Taisho 2)
3May 1926, 15 (Taisho 4)1929 (Showa 4)/4/10
41929 (Showa 4)/7/111932 (Showa 7)/6/8
5Tamotsu Takata1932 (Showa 7)/6/201933 (Showa 8)/6/29
61933 (Showa 8)/12/231937 (Showa 12)/12/22
7Ono Sunao1938 (Showa 13)/6/161942 (Showa 17)/6/15
8Tamotsu Takata1942 (Showa 17)/7/11944 (Showa 19)/5/2
9Kazuhiko Muto1944 (Showa 19)/6/241945 (Showa 20)/3/31
10Miyoshi Ichi1945 (Showa 20)/4/11945 (Showa 20)/10/9
11Iku Kinoshita19451947
Former Mayor of Oita
12Tamotsu Ueda1947 (Showa 22)/4/71963 (Showa 38)/3/9
Mayor of Oita
1Ando Tamahiko1963 (Showa 38)/31975 (Showa 50)/4
2Masumi Sato1975 (Showa 50)/41991 (Heisei 3)/4
3Keinosuke Kinoshita1991 (Heisei 3)/42003 (Heisei 15)/4
4Kugimiya2003 (Heisei 15)/42015 (Heisei 27)/3/2
5Kiichiro Sato2015 (Heisei 27)/4/26

Parliament

City council

  • Constant number: 44 people
  • Chair: Tetsuo Nojiri (Liberal Democratic Party)[7]
  • Vice Chairman: Hiroyuki Takano (Social Democracy Club)[7]
  • Term: April 2017, 29 (Heisei 3)-April 10, 2021 (3 years of Reiwa)
Parliamentary nameNumber of seatsAffiliated party
LDP16
Social democracy club8
Komeito6
New citizen club5
Oita Democratic Club3
Japan Communist Party3
Shinsei Club2
Independent1

Oita Prefectural Assembly (Oita City constituency)

  • Constant number: 13 people
  • Term: April 2019, 31 (Heisei 4)-April 30, 2023 (5 years of Reiwa)
Representative nameParliamentary nameRemarks
Hiroaki EtoLDP
Eisaku AsoLDP
Hidehito AbeLDP
Junko HiraiwaPrefectural clubParty membershipSocial Democrats
Noboru KidaPrefectural clubParty membershipIndependent
Seiji KonoKomeito
Nobuyuki MorinagaPrefectural clubSocial Democratic Party
Tetsuhiko YoshimuraKomeito
Eizo TsutsumiJapan Communist Party
Shintaro GotoPrefectural clubSocial Democratic Party
Masamichi FujitaPrefectural clubParty membershipNational Democratic Party
Hideyuki KojimaPrefectural clubParty status is National Democratic Party
Hideki UranoPrefectural clubParty membershipConstitutional Democratic Party

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Oita Prefecture first ward(OldSaganoseki Town-Nozuhara TownOita City excluding the area)Shuji KiraIndependent6Constituency
Oita Prefecture first ward(Former Saganoseki Town, Notsuharu Town, Oita City, etc.)Seijiro EtoLDP14Constituency
YoshikawaConstitutional Democratic Party4Proportional revival

Changes in administrative areas

  • 1889 (22th year of Meiji)4/1 --The following towns and villages will be established by the enforcement of the town and village system.
    • Oita-gunOita Town, Nishi Oita Town, Tsurusaki Town, Beppo Village, Misa Village, Taoyuan Village, Matsuoka Village, Takada Village, Meiji Village, Enokuma Village, Hofu Village, Higashi-Oita Village, Yawata Village, Hioka Village, Toji Village, Kakuta Village, Kawarauchi Village, Takenaka Village, Yoshino Village, Wasada Village, Higashi Hikita Village, Nishi Hikita Village・ Kaku Village, Suwa Village, Notsuharu Village
    • North Sea DistrictSaganoseki Town, Kawazoe Village,Isshakuya Village・ Ojiuki Village ・ Kamimagi Village ・ Saka Village ・ Ichimura ・ Kozai Village ・ Nibu Village ・ Nishi Ozai Village ・ University of Tokyo Village
    • Ono-gunImaichi
  • 1892/(Meiji 25) October 10-Sakamura is renamed Sagamura.
  • 1907/(Meiji 40) June 4
    • Oita Town incorporates Nishi Oita Town, Enokuma Village, and Toyofu Village.
    • Kawarauchi Village is incorporated into Takenaka Village.
    • Incorporate Nishi Hikita Village into Hikita Village.
    • Incorporate Suwa Village into Notsuharu Village.
  • June 1907, 40 (Meiji 6) --The Nishidai Village and the University of Tokyo merged (new merger),Ozai VillageBecomes
  • May 1907, 40
    • Saga Village and Ichimura merged (new merger) to become Saga Ichimura.
    • Taishisei Kimura and Kamima Kimura merged (new merger)Kanzaki VillageBecomes
  • 1911/(Meiji 44) April 4-Oita Town enforced the city system,Oita CityBecomes
  • 1920/(Taisho 9)1/1 --Saga City and Village enforced the town system,SakanoichiBecomes
  • 1921/(Taisho 10) January 1-Toji Village enforces the town system and becomes Toji Town.
  • 1922/(Taisho 11) --Incorporate the area on the left bank of the Oita River (behind Nakajima and Bentenjima) in the village of Higashi Oita.[9].
  • 1938/(Showa 13) April 4-Betsuho Village is incorporated into Tsurusaki Town.
  • 1939/(14)8/15 --Incorporate Yawata Village, Takio Village, and Higashi Oita Village.
  • 1941/(16)11/3 --Incorporate Kosai Village and Tanyu Village into Sakanoichi Town.
  • 1943/(Showa 18) April 4-Incorporated Misa Village into Tsurusaki Town.
  • 194311/11 --Incorporate Hiokamura.
  • 1944/(19)2/11 --Incorporate Taoyuan Village into Tsurusaki Town.
  • 1950/(25) January 1-Change the county of Kawazoe Village and Imaichi Village to Oita County.
  • 1954/(29)3/31
    • Tsurusaki-cho, Matsuoka-mura, Takada-mura, Meiji-mura, and Kawazoe-mura merged (new merger), and the city system was enforced at the same time.Tsurusaki CityBecomes
    • Toji-cho, Jita-mura, Takenaka-mura, and Yoshino-mura merged (new merger)Dainan TownBecomes
  • 1955/(Showa 30) January 1
    • Saganoseki Town, Kozaki Village, and Isshakuya Village merged (new merger) and newly establishedSaganoseki TownBecomes
    • Part of Higashi Hikita Village and part of Kaku Village will be incorporated.
  • 19552/1 --Hikita Village, Higashi Hikita Village, and Kaku Village merged (new merger) to become Oita Village.
  • March 1955, 30-Imaichi Village is incorporated into Notsuharu Village.
  • 19557/1 --Part of Tsurusaki City,Hazama TownIncorporate a part of[10].
  • 1957/(Showa 32) April 4-Oita Village enforces the town system,Oita TownWill be.On the same day, some areas were separated and incorporated into Hasamamachi.
  • 1959/(Showa 34) February 2-Notsuharu Village enforced the town system,Nozuhara TownBecomes
  • 1963/(38)3/10 --Oita City, Tsurusaki City, Oita Town, Dainan Town, Ozai Village, Sakanoichi Town merged (new merger) and newly establishedOita CityBecomes
  • 2005/(17)1/1 --Incorporate Saganoseki-cho, Kitaamabe-gun and Notsuharu-cho, Oita-gun.

公共 機関

National office

National Police Agency

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

Ministry of Justice

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

  • Oita Labor Bureau
    • (Hello Work Oita)
      • OASIS Hiroba 21 Vocational Counseling Service[11]
  • Oita / Saganoseki branch office

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Ministry of Defense

裁判 所

Prefecture administrative agency

Economy

Oita City's gross domestic product is about 1 trillion yen, accounting for 9% of Oita Prefecture's gross domestic product.[13]..By industry, the total production of the secondary industry was 2%, which is the whole of Japan (GDP) 26.2% (2015)[14]It occupies a higher ratio than.

Gross domestic product by industry(Composition ratio in parentheses. From 24 Oita Municipal Accounts (Oita Prefecture))[13]

Number of establishments(industry(Major classification) Top 5 by number of establishments.The composition ratio is in parentheses. 2014Economic CensusFrom the basic survey)[15]

  1. Wholesale / Retail-- 5,256 (25.8%)
  2. Accommodation, restaurant service- 2,541 (12.5%)
  3. Construction industry --- 2,001 (9.8%)
  4. Life-related service industry, entertainment industry ―― 1,896 (9.3%)
  5. Medical care, welfare ―― 1,664 (8.2%)

Industrial population(Top 5 in number of employees by industry (major category). The composition ratio is in parentheses.2010/CensusFrom the report)[15]

  1. Wholesale / Retail --39,987 people (18.1%)
  2. Manufacturing --27,556 (12.5%)
  3. Medical and welfare-27,298 (12.4%)
  4. Construction industry --21,832 people (9.9%)
  5. Service industry (not classified elsewhere) --13,412 people (6.1%)

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

Major agricultural production(2015 (27))[15]

  1. Paddy rice ―― 7,755 tons
  2. Stone ―― 1,821 tons
  3. Mitsuba ―― 649 tons
  4. Wenzhou oranges ―― 600 tons
  5. Aunt ―― 544 tons

Livestock production(FY2015 (FY27))[15]

Industrial

1964/In (39), it was designated as a new industrial city, and the basic material industries such as steel, chemicals, and petroleum entered the market.Oita Seaside Industrial AreaDeveloped into an industrial city centered on.In recent years, the processing and assembly industry for integrated circuits, etc. has entered the market, and under the development of distribution complexes and regional import promotion plans.Oita PortA large container terminal has been installed, and it continues to grow as a distribution base.2014/The shipment value of manufactured products in (26) is about 3.1 trillion yen, which is the 11th place among municipalities nationwide.[16].

In addition, Mega solarIs progressing, as of the end of April 2014 (Heisei 26)Solar powerThe power generation capacity (total of solar power generation facilities of 10 kW or more) is 130,288 kW, which is the first among municipalities nationwide.[17][18].

Manufactured product shipment value, etc.(2014 (Heisei 26). Top 5 shipments of manufactured products by industry (middle category).)[15]

  1. Petroleum products and coal products --74,887,039 yen
  2. Chemistry --60,050,403 million yen
  3. Steel industry --56,791,479 yen
  4. Non-ferrous metal --55,849,724 yen
  5. Electronic components / devices / electronic circuits --17,977,543 yen

Commercial

Oita StationOn the north side, there is a station-front type downtown area, which is rare in Kyushu, and in addition to large stores, it is an arcade shopping district.St. Porta Central Townas well as the Galleria TakemachiIs located.In recent years, large retail stores in the center have closed, while in the suburbsShopping mallHas been developed.

Major companies based in the city

Major companies headquartered in the city

Construction / manufacturing industry
Wholesale trade
  • Astem(Headquarters) --Sales 1th in the prefecture
  • Kyushu Energy(Headquarters, former Oita Kyuseki sales) --Sales 26th in the prefecture
  • San Daiko(Headquarters) --Sales 16th in the prefecture
  • Higashikyushu Oil(Headquarters) --Sales 19th in the prefecture
Retail / restaurant business
Electrical
Information and communication industry
Financial institution

bank

Cooperative financial institution

Credit company

  • Aussie(Headquarters) --Sales 7th in the prefecture
  • Oita card(Headquarters) --Sales 21th in the prefecture

Other finance

Services

Major companies with offices in the city

Construction / manufacturing industry
Electrical
Financial institution

bank

Trust bank

Policy financial institution

Cooperative financial institution

Sister cities/partner cities

The sister cities, friendship cities, and exchange promotion cities are as follows.[20].

Japan

XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayToa Domestic Airlines(At that time) formed a tie-up as an airport sister city when the Haneda-Oita and Haneda-Obihiro routes were opened at the same time.[21][22].

Outside Japan

Yoshitomo OtomoRelationship with Portugal from the time of (Sorin)[24].. When the Oita Japan-Portugal Association was established in 1977, a sister city tie-up with the city of Aveiro was promoted through the mediation of the former Portuguese ambassador to Japan, Pedro Madeira de Andrade.[23].
Exchanges between Oita and Texas were active (in 1985)BeppuBeaumontThe city formed a sister city tie-up in 1987Yufuin TownIn addition to holding the 14th Japan-Texas Conference, etc.)[23][26], Austin and Oita are similar in industry and culture (semiconductor industry, etc.)[25].
Since 1974, Wuhan Iron and Steel Complex (Wuhan Iron and Steel Company) Equipment modernization Nippon Steel Oita Steel Works (currentlyNippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Oita Works) Will play a central role in teaching[23], The opportunity for both engineers to come and go[27].
Participation in[28].

Region

population

Demography44201.svg
Population distribution by age in Oita City and the whole country (2005)Population distribution by age and gender in Oita City (2005)
Purple-Oita City
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Oita City (corresponding area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

The population occupancy rate in the prefecture is 2005% in the 38.22 census, 2010% in the 39.62 census, and exceeded 2012% in the population estimate of Oita prefecture on February 2, 1.

Education

School name etc. are basicallyAlphabetical order.

primary school

National

public

Junior high school

National

Prefectural

City

private

high school

Prefectural

private

College of technology

National

Junior college

public

private

University

National public universities

  • Oita University
    • Dannoharu Campus (Secretariat, Faculty of Education / Faculty of Education and Welfare Science, Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, etc.)
    • Oji Campus (Affiliated School (Children, Elementary, Middle School, Special Support), Affiliated Educational Practice Center)
    • Hasama Campus (Faculty of Medicine / Department of Nursing / Affiliated Hospital, etc.)
  • Oita Prefectural College of Nursing Science

Private universities

Special school

National

public

Facilities other than school education

Public vocational capacity building

Social education facility

Cultural facility

Sports related facilities

Historical facility

Training facility

Transportation

空港

The nearest airport isOita Airport(Oita PrefectureKunisaki City).

Railway line

Incidentally,1900/から1972/Until, the streetcar between Beppu City (TramOita Kotsubetsu Line(Former Toyoshu Electric Railway) was in operation.This line is the first tram in the Kyushu region.

Transit Bus

  • Oita Bus ――Operates many bus routes in Oita city.Taketa City, Usuki City, south of Oita CitySaiki CityThere is a line connecting Oita City with.
  • Oita traffic --Beppu City, north of Oita City, via Betsudai National HighwayHiji Town-Kunisaki CityOperates a line connecting Oita City with.There are also city lines on the north side of Oita Station and in the northwestern part of the city area.

Express Bus/Express Bus

Route

道路

Expressways and toll roads

General national road

Prefectural road

For other major local roads and general prefectural roadsList of prefectural roads in Oita Prefecturereference.

Famous places, historic sites, sightseeing spots, festivals, special events

Main historic sites, historic sites, etc.

Tourism

Festival

Sports

Sports team

A sports team that was once based

Sports-related competitions / games

Native celebrity

Politics

Business world

Legal profession

Academic

art

Sports

baseball

(The team name is the final team)

サ ッ カ ー

J3 leagueOnly players who have experience in clubs in the above categories are listed.

More informations

Entertainment

Music

An actor

comedy

More informations

Media

Works set in Oita City

Novel
Comic
movies
Game
  • Fate / stay night(Nasu mushroom, 2004-) --There is a part that suggests that Fuyuki City, which is the stage of the work, was drawn with Oita City in Oita Prefecture as a model.

Scandal

Oita City2019/6In the public relations magazine "June 6st issue" published in Japan, the illustration posted to introduce the Sengoku warlords related to Oita is "Nobunaga's Ambition SeriesIt is very similar to the character design of2020/5It became clear to.The four people who were very similar were Michiyuki Tachibana, Shigetane Takahashi, Muneshige Tachibana, and Chiyo Tachibana.In addition, it seems that the illustrations of the four people were also used in the tourist guidebook published by the city.Game operatorKoei Tecmo Games"It is clear that we are referring to the characters that appear in Nobunaga's Ambition series," and admitted that the designer in charge of the printing company that commissioned the production of the public relations magazine "referenced the game images."However, Koei Tecmo Games does not require the city to apologize or collect these illustrations, given that they are distributed non-profit.[32].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ TokyoShinjuku2 head office system with.

Source

  1. ^ "Normal value download”. Japan Meteorological Agency. April 2021Browse.
  2. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. April 2021Browse.
  3. ^ Masanori Ishiguro, "Changes in the population structure of the Kyushu region after the war"Bulletin of the University of Teacher Education Fukuoka, Volume 2006, Social Studies" 55 No. 1 p.8-XNUMX, University of Teacher Education Fukuoka
  4. ^ Reference casebook About (residential) housing complex development in Oita prefecture Oita Prefectural Library
  5. ^ a b "Competition between department store shopping streets and department stores". Oita History EncyclopediaOita Broadcasting System. As of February 2002, 2original[Broken link]More archives.2019/5/27Browse.
  6. ^ Volume 3 of the Mayors of Japan, "The Mayors of Japan", 1985. 『Asahi Shimbun』.
  7. ^ a b Vice-Chairman has been appointed Oita City
  8. ^ What is a parliamentary group? Oita City
  9. ^ "Oita now and then (7) Nakajima Kaiwai (PDF)”. Oita Joint Newspaper. 2018/4/14Browse.
  10. ^ Oita City Bulletin July 30, 7 (PDF)
  11. ^ OASIS Hiroba 21 Vocational Counseling Service Oita Labor Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  12. ^ Oita Livestock Hygiene Service Center - Oita Prefecture
  13. ^ a b Oita City Comprehensive Plan "Oita Creative Vision 2024"Basic plan general remarks (PDF) Oita City, June 2016
  14. ^ Annual Estimate Main Count 4. Production (PDF) Cabinet Office
  15. ^ a b c d e Statistical Yearbook (28 edition) Oita City
  16. ^ 2nd Oita City Commerce and Industry Promotion Plan Material Edition XNUMX. Current status of Motoichi Commerce and Industry as seen from data (PDF) Oita City
  17. ^ Solar power generation: Oita City is number 1 13 kW - Wayback machine(August 2014, 8 archive) Mainichi Shimbun, August 13, 2014
  18. ^ The number of solar power generation installations in Japan !! Hamamatsu city
  19. ^ “100 billion companies increased by 3 companies in FY16”. Oita Joint Newspaper(November 2017, 10). originalArchived as of October 2017, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20171005222221/https://www.oita-press.co.jp/1010000000/2017/10/06/JD0056213592 (The following sales rankings are also based on this article)
  20. ^ "Sister cities, friendship cities, exchange promotion cities”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  21. ^ a b "《Sister City》 Obihiro City”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  22. ^ a b c "Domestic sister city introduction”. Obihiro City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Sister (Friendship) Alliance Information". Local Government Internationalization Association.As of August 2012, 10original[Broken link]More archives.2016/3/27Browse.
  24. ^ a b "《Sister City》 Aveiro City”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  25. ^ a b "《Sister City》 Austin City”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  26. ^ "The United States of America”. International One Village, One Product Exchange Association. 2016/3/27Browse.
  27. ^ a b "《Friendship City》 Wuhan City”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  28. ^ a b "《City promoting exchange》 Guangzhou”. Oita City. 2016/3/27Browse.
  29. ^ "Seki Aji / Seki Saba Festival". 2020/10/10Browse.
  30. ^ "<Cancelled> Seki Aji / Seki Saba Festival". 2020/10/10Browse.
  31. ^ “I want to promote Misa Eto's Miss Magan GP hometown”. Oita Joint Newspaper Evening Edition No. 40351 (Oita Godo Shimbun). (April 2011, 7) 
  32. ^ Oita City public relations magazine character, very similar to "Nobunaga's Ambition" Suspected copyright infringement Mainichi Newspaper March 2020, 5

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