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🏛 | Even in Northeast Asia, one-sided changes in the status quo are not allowed- "Asia Peace Conference" private conference session ...


One-sided changes in the status quo by force are not allowed in Northeast Asia- "Asia Peace Conference" private conference session ...

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We should return to the starting point and start discussions on why the goals raised by Mr. Kudo cannot be achieved in Northeast Asia. "

In the second session of the "Asia Peace Conference," the main theme was "How to manage security risks in Northeast Asia." → Continue reading

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    Starting point

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    Northeast asia

    Northeast asia(Hokuto Asia,English: Northeast Asia, Northeastern Asia) IsAsiaOut ofNortheastunit.

    United Nations geoschemeIsNortheast asiaThere is no such area[1].

    There are various definitions, but here I have taken it in a broad sense.East AsiaNorth AsiaWe will discuss it in the definition of a combined area.In particular,Japan,Chugoku,Korean Peninsula,Far East Russia.

    Both Northeast Asia and Northeast AsiaEnglishIn the notation, "Northeast Asia"Or"Northeastern Asia"In Although,Kanji culture areaIn Mongolia and Mongolia, the traditional notation is "Tohoku" such as "Tohokua".In the direction notation of these areas, "Tohoku" is common in this way.


    It is hard to say that Northeast Asia and Northeast Asia have a common understanding of the regional concept depending on the institutions and individuals who use them.

    AsiaRegarding the overall regional division, Hisao Matsuda's theory of regional division in Asia ("Overview of Asian History" Kawade Shobo 1956. The latest one is "History of Asia-Premodern World Image from East-West Negotiations-" Iwanami Shoten Iwanami Hyundai Bunko 2006) is a pioneer and divides the whole of Asia into four parts, north, south, east and west.Pamir PlateauCentered aroundTianshan-Altai-Himalaya-Hindu KushAccording to the natural terrain such as each mountain range ofAfricaNorthernArabian PeninsulaFrom east,Mongolian plateau,Northeastern ChinaTaking into account the vast dry belt that extends to, the four Asia of north, south, east and west are set.North AsiaIs dry and coldArcticincludingSiberiaEtc.TaigaAnd to the southStepSpread,East Asia TheBoreal zoneからSubtropicalWith the width ofPeople's Republic of China(China)·Korean Peninsula・ Positioned as Japan, etc.

    ThisEast AsiaNorth AsiaThe combined concept is "Northeast Asia" and "Northeast Asia" in the sense of Tohoku in Asia.

    Ambiguity in Japan

    The concept of region has historically expanded and contracted, for example, the "Japan" region has been particularly stretched over the last 150 years.However, in the Northeast Asian region, which takes into account this physiographic zoning,Central Asia-Southeast AsiaExcept for the area division with, it does not fluctuate so much.However, there may be fluctuations in the current and future relationships within this region, and in particular, it greatly overlaps with the scope of "East Asia," which is currently envisioned to include Southeast Asia.

    "Northeast Asia" is a word that is almost synonymous with Northeast Asia.This has been in international politics and development economics since the 1980s, and in prefectures on the Sea of ​​Japan side.Circular Sea of ​​JapanSince the idea of ​​the economic exchange zone, it has been used considerably.Especially in the 1990s, it was one of the countries in the Japan Sea Economic Exchange Area. South KoreaBut"Sea of ​​JapanBecause of the refusal to use the name "Northeast Asia", "Northeast Asia" has come to be used as an alternative to "The Sea of ​​Japan".However, the perspective of economic activity has entered the 21st century.SiberiaIn many cases, "Northeast Asia" and its regional range almost overlap with each other.

    The next narrowest is "Northeast Asia" in Korea, Manchuria, eastern Mongolia, and Russia.Far EastIt is used as a term to refer to, and this usage can be seen in some fields of history and archeology in Japan.

    In addition, in the examples of use in the academic field in Japan, there is a tendency that Northeast Asia is often used in history, and "Northeast Asia" is used a little more in cultural anthropology and geography.

    And the term that refers to the narrowest range is JapanMinistry of Foreign AffairsIt is "Northeast Asia" in the section name of. Since 1958, the first section was the "Northeast Asia section", the second section was the "China section", the third section was the "Southeast Asia section", and the fourth section was the "Southwest Asia section". The "Northeast Asia Division" is in charge of the Korean Peninsula.Currently, the "Southeast Asia Division" is in charge of the widely used and generalized "Southeast Asia", and these area names are literal translations of English.In such a division by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "Northeast Asia" is an extremely narrow area.

    On the other hand, JapanMinistry of Economy, Trade and IndustryThe Northeast Asia Division is in charge of implementing trade agreements or arrangements with China, Korea and Mongolia, and is close to the geographical scope of "Northeast Asia", which is often referred to as "Northeast Asia" except that it is not in charge of Russia. ..

    Especially in JapanCircular Sea of ​​JapanMany prefectures on the Sea of ​​Japan side that were aiming for exchanges in the economic exchange zone (China, Korea, Russia, Japan)Circular Sea of ​​JapanWas used.but, South Korea(Republic of Korea)Sea of ​​JapanI saw the name of "" mainly in South Korea.TokaiIn the 1990s, Northeast Asia was often used to avoid the "Sea of ​​Japan" at international conferences.

    In the Japanese pressChinese-Korean"Tohoku Asia" is often translated as "Northeast Asia" instead of "Northeast Asia".However, in research books and dissertations in various fields such as international politics, economy, history, archeology, and cultural anthropology, the number of examples of use in both Northeast Asia and Northeast Asia is increasing.

    Regional characteristics


    In the 17th centuryMongolianAnd expanded the areaManchu tribeBut the groundsManchuriaFrom Mongolia, China,East Turkestan-TibetDominated a vast area such as.The vast area connected to today's territory of China is the Manchu dynasty.clearIt became the area of.In addition, it has become particularly active since the 18th century.RussiaThe eastern expansion and expansion of the country brought about the border problem between Qing and Russia.And from the southUnited Kingdom-FranceBy the advancement ofSouth Asia,Southeast AsiaA complicated relationship with the latter half of the 19th centuryJapanWas involved in the invasion and invasion of this area.In this way, the modern national territory is established in this area.

    Second World WarAfter that, this Northeast Asia / Northeast Asia regionCold WarUnder the structure, the north-south division of the Korean PeninsulaKorean War,Taiwan StraitTension, andAmericaIt had a complicated historical background, such as its military and economic impact.Also in terms of political system, in the 20th centuryUSSRBegins withCommunismIt is also a national region, Chinanorth koreaso,Communist partyThe administration is still alive.However, since China's "reform and opening" in the 1980s led to a market economy and the dismantling of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, economic relations and environmental and resource issues have become closer, and diverse exchanges have expanded.


    Ethnicly diverse and officially recognized in ChinaPeopleThe number is 56, of RussiaSiberia-Far EastThen there are more than 100.MongolianIn the case of, not only MongoliaRussia OfLake BaikalOn the south bankBuryat,Volga riverBasinKalmyks, In ChinaInner Mongoliaas well as the Qinghai ProvinceEtc.,Han people TheChineseExpanded residence in the Korean Peninsula and Japan (Chinese in Japan,Chinese in Korean Peninsula). AlsoKorean peopleSince the 19th centuryKorean PeninsulaExpanding the distribution area to the outside, in Manchuria (Northeast China)Korean, RussiaCentral Asia OfKorean, In JapanKoreans in Japan"Etc. exist.In this way, there are ethnic groups and ethnicities that have residential areas organized in multiple countries, and some of them have a global spread.Jew,MuslimThere is also a collective residential area of.Ethnic issues in Northeast Asia are extremely complex, and the ethnic policies of each country are also diverse due to their complex historical background.


    ClimaticallyArcticからSubtropicalWide up to, vast in arid areasDesertHas spread and is still expanding. From high mountains and plateaus such as the Himalayas and Tibet where 8000m-class mountains continue, to East TurkistanTurfanThere is a height difference up to minus 155m above sea level in the basin.Also in the northOb river,Yenisei River,Lena riverEach river andAmur river-Yellow River-Yangtze River(Yangtze River)·Pearl RiverThere are also big rivers such asBering SeaFrom the southSouth China Sea,The Pacific OceanIt is an area where you can see extremely complicated and diverse natural environments.

    注 釈

    1. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm


    • Tatsuo Nakami "How was" Northeast Asia "perceived?" ("Northeast Asia Studies" No. 7, March 2004, 3, Shimane Prefectural University Northeast Asia Area Studies Center)


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