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🏛 | The Maritime Police Law is a law aimed at the Senkaku Islands or China's actions in the South China Sea, East China Sea, and Taiwan Strait.


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The Maritime Police Law is a law aimed at the Senkaku Islands or China's actions in the South China Sea, East China Sea, and Taiwan Strait.

 
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On top of that, Mr. Koda warned that the Coast Guard is a law enforcement agency and its mission is to enforce the law, so anything could happen in the future, and the Japanese government prepared for an emergency. He pointed out the lack of preparation of the Japanese government, saying that if it is not done, there is a possibility of panic.
 

Regarding the "Maritime Police Law" passed in China immediately after the birth of the Biden administration, three security experts are tasked with using weapons by law ... → Continue reading

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Genron NPO is a private-sector-led, neutral and independent think tank that crosses national borders and collaborates with many knowledgeable people around the world. Since its founding in 2001, it has continued to provide a "stage of speech" that confronts Japan's democracy and future challenges by connecting people who are active on the front lines of various fields in Japan.And, in collaboration with the world's major think tanks and many knowledge groups, we are creating a new flow to confront various difficulties in the world and Asia.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Japanese Government

Japanese Government(Japanese language, Japanese language,British: Government of Japan[2]) IsJapan Of政府.

decreeAbove is "CountryIs called.The modern government in Japan1885(Meiji18 years)CabinetIs supposed to start[1]..In Japan todayGovernance mechanismThe basic part ofThe Constitution of JapanDefined by[3].

In Japan, the "government"CabinetAnd under the control of the CabinetCentral government agencyな どExecutive branchOften points to[4], In this sectionLegislative officeJudiciaryWill be explained together.

Scope of "government"

What is the government in a broad sense?Legislative office,Judiciary,Executive branchSuch asGovernance mechanismIn a narrow senseCabinetAnd under the control of the CabinetCentral government agency(Bureaucracy) Only[4].

In Anglo-American countries, "government" refers to the entire governing body process, and when referring to institutions, it is a general term for administrative, legislative, and judicial bodies.It is common to describe the government as "administration".[5].United Kingdom,France,The United States of AmericaInPeopleRepresenting the will ofParliamentIt has been considered that the "government" includes the legislative body, the judiciary office, and the executive branch.[4].

On the other hand, after modern timesemperor OfSovereigntyWas greatGerman EmpireIn, the authority of the administration is strong, and the government under national law (Regierung) refers only to the administration.[4][5].. The same is true for countries affected by Germany,JapanSince the Meiji era, the term "government" often refers only to the government.[5].

Legislative office

Legislative officeAnd as the name implies,legislationIt is an organization that carries out. In modern nations, it is the institution that represents the peopleParliamentIs the legislature. In Japan国会Is the only legislative body in charge of legislation.

Japanese国会 TheBicameral systemAnd every four yearselection or Dissolution general electionOf all 465 seatsHouse of RepresentativesAnd a total of 6 seats by the members with a six-year term and half elected every three years.House of CouncilorsComposed of. All men and women over the age of 18 have the right to voteGeneral electionWas implemented in all electionsVoting secretsIs guaranteed.

The Diet has the legislative power and functions to deliberate and pass or reject a bill. The House of RepresentativesTreaty,budget,Nomination of Prime MinisterTo the House of CouncilorsSuperior authorityhave.

Executive branch

Head of government ThePrime MinisterAnd in the DietMember of ParliamentFrom insidenameAfter beingEmperorAppointed by.The Prime Minister must be a member of the Diet and must have the confidence of the House of Representatives in his appointment.Prime MinisterJapanese governmentBarrelCabinet OfChiefAs,Secretary of StateAgainstAppointment rightandDismissal rightHave.Cabinet ActThe State Secretary of State is normally limited to 14 people (up to 3 if needed). In addition, there is a constraint that the majority of the Secretary of State must be composed of members of the Diet by the Constitution.[6].

According to the provisions of the Constitution of JapanUnited KingdomOriginated fromParliamentary Cabinet SystemIs adopted by the DietRight to nominate the Prime Minister,Right to resolve the distrust of the CabinetInstead of havingRight to decide to dissolveWith the advice and approval of the Cabinet, the EmperorNational actAsDisband the House of RepresentativesTo[7].

Prime Minister

2000The successive prime ministers since (12) are shown below.

NameTermRemarks
Mori2000- 2001(13)
Junichiro Koizumi2001- 2006(18)
Shinzo Abe2006- 2007(19)First Cabinet
Fukuda Yasuo2007- 2008(20)
Taro Aso2008- 2009(21)
Yukio Hatoyama2009- 2010(22)
Naoto Kan2010- 2011(23)
Yoshihiko Noda2011- 2012(24)
Shinzo Abe2012- 2020(2nd year of Reiwa)2nd-The 4th Cabinet (the second return after the war).
Yoshii Kan2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)- 2021(3nd year of Reiwa)
Fumio Kishida2021 (3nd year of Reiwa)- 1st-Second Cabinet

Central government agency

Cabinet Office(Financial Services Agency,Consumer Affairs Agency,Imperial Household Agency,National Police Agency-National Public Safety Commission,Fair Trade Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | Ministry of Justice | Ministry of Foreign Affairs | Ministry of Finance | Ministry of education | Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare | Ministry of Agriculture | Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry | Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism | Ministry of the Environment | Ministry of Defense

Judiciary

The judiciary裁判 所AndSupreme CourtandLower courtComposed of. Consists of multiple levels of courts with the Supreme Court at the top,Unconstitutional examination rightHave. in JapanAdministrative courtThere is no claim court.Judge systemWas introduced in 2009.Chief of the Supreme CourtIs based on the nomination of the CabinetEmperorIs appointed.Supreme Court JudgeIs appointed by the Cabinet and certified by the Emperor.

Local government

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b Encyclopedia My Pedia "Government" (Kotobank)
  2. ^ Japanese Government Official Website (JAPANGOV)
  3. ^ The text of the Constitution of Japan consists of Chapter 11, Article 103.It is roughly divided into three parts: human rights provisions, governance provisions, and constitutional guarantee.Governance rules are rules that define the governing structure of a nation.Chapter 1 Emperor""Chapter 4 国会""Chapter 5 Cabinet""Chapter 6 judicial""Chapter 8 Local autonomy"And so on.
  4. ^ a b c d "Encyclopedia of Britannica" "Government" (Kotobank)
  5. ^ a b c Munesuke Mita, Akira Kurihara & Yoshihisa Tanaka 1988, p. 540.
  6. ^ Osawa (2003) p.297
  7. ^ Osawa (2003) p.292-294

References

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