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📦 | Amazon rainforest Almost the same area as Saitama Prefecture disappeared in the first half of the year, the worst since 2016


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Amazon rainforest almost the same area as Saitama Prefecture disappeared in the first half of the year, the worst since 2016

 
If you write the contents roughly
This is the area equivalent to the area of ​​Saitama prefecture, which is the worst since 2016.
 

The disappeared area of ​​the tropical rainforests of the Amazon, Brazil, South America in the first half of this year is 3750 square kilometers, which is almost the same as Saitama Prefecture ... → Continue reading

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    After 2016

    Saitama

    Saitama(Saitama prefecture,British: Saitama Prefecture) IsJapan OfKanto regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheSaitama.

    Overview

    Capital AreaConfigurePopulation by prefecture TheTokyo,Kanagawa,Osaka,AichiFifth place in the country after.The population densityIs Tokyo,Osaka, It is the 4th place after Kanagawa prefecture.Of the prefectureFinancial capability indexIs the 4th place in Japan[1].Regulatory country OfMusashi countryCorresponds to a part of.areaIs in 39th place[2],Resident area ratioIs the third largest scale.villageIt is,HigashichichibuThere is only one village.

    The prefecture areaOld country name OfMusashi countryIt is in the northern part of Japan, and in the Kanto region, it borders 1 metropolitan area and 4 prefectures other than Kanagawa prefecture.also,Chubu regionThen.Nagano,YamanashiAlso touches. The number of prefectures next to each other isNaganoSecond place after. There are 2 in JapanInland prefectureone of.Trading port,Seaside industrial areaAlthough it does not have a population of about 735 million, it is the fifth largest in the country, and most of them are concentrated in the southeastern part of the prefecture. Surveyed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 5Day-night population ratioThen, with 88.5%No. 1 in Japan during the daytime population outflowAndBed townAs a property is strong. Agricultural output is 18th (2015), but in the northSuburban agricultureThere are many areas,Leek,Spinach,broccoliThere are also some agricultural products whose output is within the top three in Japan. Also, the ratio of rivers to the area is large, and it is called the city of water.OsakaIs the largest in all 47 prefectures nationwide, at 3.9%[3].

    Western prefectureChichibu area TheMountain,hillsHowever, in other regionsKanto PlainForm part ofFlat landIt has become.TokyoThe southeastern part of the country is densely populated and along a transportation network that extends radially from Tokyo.capital OfBed townAre formed. Rich in the northFarmlandSpreads.

    The location of the prefectural officeSaitamaIs the largest city in the inland prefecture and the only one in the inland prefectureGovernment-designated cityBut also.Hokkaido region,Tohoku region,Northern Kanto region,Shinetsu region,Hokuriku regionLeading toOverlandThe high-speed transportation network runs through this prefecture.Above all,ShinkansenMain from each of the above regionsRailway networkAs for, be sure to read "Omiya StationOmiya station is in this prefecture because it passes throughMedical CenterNot only is it recognized as a station, but it is also huge nationwide due to its size.Terminal stationKnown asOmiya areaIs "Railway townMany people come and go under the nickname "InlandDespite this, a lively cityscape is formed.

    Name

    Meiji Restoration Of1869(2th year of Meiji)1/28,Abandoned DomainByOmiya prefectureWas set up, but the prefectural office is tentatively in Tokyo Prefecture.Bakuro TownIt was placed in 8-chome. Eight months later, in September of the same yearUrawaRenamed to, and furtherIwatsuki Prefecture,Shinobi prefectureAt the beginning of the installation of the former Saitama prefecture (about one-third of the eastern side of the current Saitama prefecture), which was created by integrating withPrefectural office Saitama DistrictIwatsuki Town (currently Saitama City)Iwatsuki kuIt was planned to be placed inSaitamaWas named[4].. However, there is no suitable building for the prefectural office in Iwatsuki[4], Prefectural office workAdachi-gunUrawajuku(Current: Saitama CityUrawa-kuIt was held at the former Urawa Prefectural Government Building. On the other hand, the area that is about two-thirds of the western part of Saitama Prefecture todayIrumaAnd then merged with Gunma prefectureKumagayaHowever, Kumagaya prefecture was dissolved in just three years, and the former Iruma prefecture area merged with the former Saitama prefecture to form the present Saitama prefecture.At that time, the location of the prefectural office was changed to Urawa-shuku with the name of Saitama prefecture, so Iwatsuki-cho did not function as a substantial prefectural office.1890(Meiji23 years)9/25IsEdictOfficially byKitadachi-gunUrawa TownBecame the prefectural capital.

    The birthplace of the Saitama place name is "Saitama District埼 玉village(Saitama(Current:Gyoda CityIt is in Saitama). There are various theories about the origin of the name,Saitama Burial MoundsAnd the theory that幸福BringThere is a theory that it is named after "Sakimitama," which means the work of.Nara periodof"Manyoshu] To "Front ball""Sakichi Taman"(Sakitama)Heian periodof"Japanese name Juju] To "埼 玉""Sai TaiYou can see the county name (Saitama).At that time, it turns out that it was already called "Saitama".Broadly speaking, both pronunciations of "Sakitama" and "Sakitama" are interpreted as synonymous, but "Sakitama" is an older word.This is Japanese pronunciationA sound flightOita (Sekiden: Oita → Oita), Oita (Oita → Oita), etc. are similar examples.

    Geography

    oldRitsuryokuIn most of the current area of ​​Saitama Prefecture is in Musashikuni,EdogawaSome areas alongShimosaWas included in. Since Musashi-kuni includes Tokyo and the northeastern part of Kanagawa prefecture, it can be said that Saitama prefecture is the central and northern part of Musashi-kuni.

    The shape of Saitama prefecture is approximately 103km east-west and 52km north-south, which is long in the east-west direction. All prefectures of JapanareaIs the ninth narrowest but the narrowest prefectureKagawaIt has about twice as much area. In addition, the surrounding area is adjacent to 2 prefectures, the second largest after 7 prefectures in Nagano prefecture.

    It borders Chiba Prefecture on the east side of the prefecture with the Edo River as a border, and borders Ibaraki and Tochigi prefectures on the northeast side. The north and northwest sides are generally the Tone River,Kanna RiverIt borders Gunma Prefecture with rivers such as the Tone River tributary and the watersheds of the Arakawa and Kannaryu rivers. The south side is in direct contact with Tokyo and Yamanashi prefectures, almost in the east and west. This southern border is Arakawa in the west.TamagawaOrFuefuki River OfwatershedIn the eastern part, it is difficult to find the terrain such as rivers and watersheds except that part of the river is Arakawa.

    The topography of Saitama Prefecture isKodama-Ogawa-HannoRunHachiojiStructure lineIt is divided into a flat part on the east side and a mountain part on the west side. The flatlands on the east side have been ancientTone River,Arakawa,Iruma RiverLowlands and plateaus (Kita Musashino Plateau)[5],Musashino Plateau,Omiya plateauEtc.) spread out, and in some parts of the hill (Hiki HillsEtc.) are also seen.Edo Period,Tokugawa IeyasuBy the currentFurone RiverThe Tone River flow path that was close toWatarase River(Close to the current Edogawa channel)KinugawaLed by (Kenogawa), and nowMotoarakawaThe flow path of Arakawa, which was close to the flow path of, was led to the Iruma River and became the current river form (Tone River East Transition Project). The western mountainsKanto MountainsIncluded in its central partChichibu BasinThere is. Especially in the mountains with relatively low altitude on the east side of the Chichibu BasinGaichichibu MountainsAlso called. The western boundary of Nagano Prefecture forms a watershed with the Sea of ​​Japan side, and is located at the southern end of it.Kotake ShingatakeIs the source of the Chikuma River, Arakawa River, and Fuefuki River (a tributary of the Fuji River), and is also the prefectural border between Saitama Prefecture, Nagano Prefecture, and Yamanashi Prefecture. To the north is the prefecture's highest peakThree treasure mountainsThere is (2,483m).

    The area on the south side of the central part, the western part and the eastern part is close to the capital Tokyo, and with the expansion of the metropolitan area since the modern age,the 1970sWe have seen a rapid influx of people and urbanization. Many of the urban areas formed in this way areSprawl phenomenonDue to this, there are still difficulties in developing social infrastructure such as roads in such areas.

    Within the prefectureMetropolitan Expressway-Tokyo outer ring road-Kanetsu-Tohoku-Tokiwa-Ken-O Expressway such ashighwayThere are manyGeneral roadIn many areas, road congestion has become chronic and serious due to the increase in automobiles and the large-scale commercial facilities located in the suburbs.

    There are 40 in the prefecture, the largest number in Japan.CityOf the city of Saitama, which is a city with 130 million people,Kawaguchi city, Kawagoe City, a city of 30 peopleKoshigaya-TokorozawaIn addition to being concentrated in the south, there are many local governments with populations equivalent to 20 cities in four cities and 4 cities in 10 cities. Saitama City, an ordinance-designated city, was formerly before the mergerUrawaAnd oldOmiya city Business nuclear cityIt has been designated as a member of the Kanto region, and has been gathered at the end of the 20th century.Saitama ShintoshinAlthough it was born, it is becoming a region with unique importance in the Kanto region even though it is a bed town in Tokyo.Toei Oedo Line OfHigashidokorozawaStretching in the directionSaitama High Speed ​​RailIt is also planned to extend to Iwatsuki Ward, Saitama City.

    Saitama Prefecture may be classified as North Kanto depending on the scene and fieldSouth KantoIt may be divided into. Saitama Prefecture, along with Chiba Prefecture, Tokyo, and Kanagawa Prefecture,Tokyo area”, and is often divided into the South Kanto region, with an emphasis on the fact that there are many flows such as commuting to and from school.House of Representatives general electionInProportional blockIn, it is divided into North Kanto.

    terrain

    The eastern part of the prefecture is located in the central part of the Kanto plain, and overallLowlandFlat land spreads out.Branch of the Tone River (Faction) Of the Edo and Tone riversBesides, there are many tributaries. RiverbedSlopeIs loose,MeanderdoingriverBecause many also flow洪水It was an area whereMetropolitan area outer canal,Gongendo Control Pond(Lake Yuko),Large Sagami reservoirEtc. were constructed, and the embankment of the middle stream of the Tone River and the upper stream of the Edo River is still widened and strengthened.Metropolitan area flood area Levee reinforcement measuresSuch asWater controlThe project is underway and flood damage is decreasing.The Kita Musashi Plateau, which consists of the Honjo Plateau and the Kushibiki Plateau, extends from north to south in the area between the Tone and Arakawa Rivers, and the Omiya Plateau extends from north to south in the area between the Arakawa and Nakagawa Rivers.

    The central part of the prefecture is also located near the west of the central part of the Kanto Plain, and the Arakawa River flows from the Arakawa River to the west on the Musashino Plateau and Iruma Plateau.Takasaka plateau,Higashimatsuyama plateau,Gangnam PlateauSuch asplateauIs spreading. However, the area between the plateaus is a tributary of the Arakawa River.Furokawa, The Iruma River flows, and the altitude is low compared to the surrounding area. So actuallyFirst Year of Reiwa East TyphoonIn several rivers in the Iruma River basin of the Arakawa RiverCollapse・Flood damage has also occurred. Further westSayama Hills,Kaji Hills,Iwano Hills, Hiki Hills, etc.hillsAre scattered around, and the altitude rises toward the west.

    In the western part of the prefecture, the Kanto Mountains are spread,Chichibu MountainsIn the area surrounded byChichibu districtIt forms (Chichibu Basin).

    SortPlace name
    Flat landChichibu Basin, Kanto Plain (Musashino Plateau, Omiya Plateau, Iruma Plateau,Gangnam Plateau, Takasaka Plateau, Higashimatsuyama Plateau, Honjo Plateau, Kushimi Plateau)
    hillsIwano Hills, Sayama Hills, Hiki Hills, Kaji Hills
    MountainKanto Mountains, Chichibu Mountains,Oku-Chichibu Mountains
    Main mountain

    Kobushingatake, Sanbozan,Mt. Kumotoriyama,Trekking,Mt. Ryokamisan,Mt. Izugatake,Mt. Bukousan,Mt. Miuneyama,Tree bandit,Mt. Hiryu,Wanakurayama,Ohirayama,Oku-Chichibu Massif

    RiverArakawa, Iruma River,Shibakawa,Kamogawa,Koonuma River,Ayase River, Tone River, Nakagawa,Sasame River,Shinkawa River,Oochi Kotone River, Moto Arakawa,Koma River,Kasagawa, Edogawa,Kurome River,Naruki River,Den Ugawa, Watarasegawa,Togawa, Kagawa,Shinkata River, Furokawa,Tokugawa,Yanasegawa
    Lakes/lakes/irrigation canalsLake Chichibu,Chichibu Sakura Lake,Oku-Chichibu Momiji Lake,Nishi Chichibu Toko,Sayama lake,Lake Enrada,Lake Tamayodo,Kamiryu Lake,Sai Lake,Lake Miyazawa,Lake Kamakita,Lake Naguri,Bessho marsh,Shirahatanuma,Isanuma,Musashi waterway,Minuma Substitute Water,Wildfire water,Tone Great Weir,Six weir, Metropolitan area outer canal

    nature Park

    Sortpark
    National parkChichibu Tama Kai National Park
    National parkNational Musashi Hill Forest Park
    Prefectural nature parkSaitama Prefectural Sayama Nature Park, Oku Musashi Nature Park, Kuroyama Nature Park,Saitama Prefectural Nagatoro Yodo Nature Park, Hiki Hill Nature Park, Jobu Nature Park, Buko Nature Park, Ankobunan Nature Park, Ryokami Nature Park, Nishichichibu Nature Park

    Adjacent prefectures

    Saitama Prefecture has as many as 7 neighboring prefectures, and in the Kanto region, it is in contact with 1 metropolitan area and 4 prefectures excluding Kanagawa prefecture.[Annotation 1].. Nagano Prefectureoff road OfNakatsugawa Forest Road(Nagano prefecture side is paved) It is only possible to come and go directly, and it is closed during winter and night (for details, see Nakatsugawa Forest Road item). Yamanashi Prefecture tooKarizaka Tunnel Toll RoadVehicles with dangerous goods cannot directly connect to Yamanashi Prefecture due to the restrictions of long tunnels.By rail, it goes directly to and from the prefectural border between Tokyo and Chiba, Gunma, and Ibaraki prefectures.

    PrefectureMunicipality
    IbarakiFurukawa,Sarushima-gunGoka Town
    GunmaIsesaki City,Ota City,Fujioka,Takasaki,Tano-gunUeno Village, Tano-gunKanna school,Sawa-gunTamamura Town,Ora-gunOizumi Town, Yura-gunChiyoda, Yura-gunMeiwa Town, Yura-gunItakura Town
    ChibaMatsudo-shi,Nagareyama,Noda-shi
    TokyoKita,Itabashi,Nerima,Adachi,Katsushika,Kiyose,Nishitokyo,Higashiyamasa,Higashikurume shi,Musashimurayama-shi,Higashimurayama city,Ome,Nishitama CountyMizuho, Nishitama-gunOkutama Town
    TochigiTochigi City
    NaganoMinamisaku-gunKawakami-mura
    YamanashiKoshu,Yamanashi,Kitatsuru DistrictTamba mountain village

    climate

    The Chichibu region has a central highland climate, and the other regions have a Pacific climate. Inland prefectures also have an inland climate. For this reason, the winter is extremely cold,Tokyo Special Ward,横 浜 市,ChibaUnlike, there are many areas that record below freezing on a daily basis.Especially in the Chichibu region, it gets very cold, and in the midwinter, it can get cold to around -10 ℃.On the other hand, in the summer, the heat is generally severe compared to other prefectures, and there are hot days in almost all areas of the prefecture.(I.e.,Hatoyama TownIt has become one of the hottest heats in Japan, and temperatures exceeding 40 ° C have been observed.Precipitation is generally low, but very low, especially in winter.

    • Western mountains/Chichibu area ・・・The Chichibu Basin has a typical inland climate with cold winters and hot summers. Throughout the yearDaily rangeIs big in winterChichibu CityEven within it, temperatures below 8 degrees Celsius were so cold that it recorded a low temperature of -1954°C on January 1, 27. However, in recent years, the global warming due to the influence of urbanization has been remarkable, and the average low temperature in January has risen significantly from the old normal value of -15.8 degrees to -1 degrees Celsius. During the daytime in the summer, it gets very hot, as in other areas in Saitama prefecture.Extremely hot dayHowever, tropical nights are extremely rare, only 1926 days since the start of observations in 7. In winterSouth coast lowDue to the approach, even if it rains in other areas, most of the Chichibu area becomes snow, and in some cases, a snowfall of about 30 cm is recorded. In 2001 and 2005, the annual snowfall in Chichibu City exceeded 200 cm, making it one of the snowiest regions in the Kanto region. Heavy snow can often occur in the Chichibu Mountains. The feature is that the temperatures in the morning and evening are considerably lowered even in autumn and spring.
    • Northern plainsJobu ・ ・ ・ ・Kumagaya,FukayaThe northern plain, which is connected to the prefectural border with Gunma Prefecture, is one of the hottest areas in Japan, with the summer being particularly hot in Saitama Prefecture, where the heat is often close to 40 ° C. .. In 2018, Kumagaya City recorded a maximum temperature of 41.1 ℃, which was the highest record in the history of observation in Japan.[6][7]..In winter, the minimum temperature is relatively high for the inland area.Even if it gets cold, it is around 5 ° C below freezing.This is because the monsoon is hard to subside even at night, and it is often higher than in the south and east.In fact, the lowest average January temperature in Kumagaya is -1 ° C, which is higher than -0.7 ° C in Saitama City.As for snowfall, it is difficult for the south bank low pressure to reach this area, so it is in the vicinity of the lesser or more than the Kanto region.
    • Saitama City / Southern ・ ・ ・ Although not as hot as in the north, the summer heat is severe. It recorded 2007 ℃ in Koshigaya city area in 40.4, and observed 2018 ℃ in 39.3 in Saitama city.In winter, morning and eveningRadiation coolingBecause it is easily affected by freezing, the temperature is often lower than in the north, and it may be as cold as around 7 ° C below freezing.Saitama City dropped to -2018 ° C in 9.8.In Saitama City, the average minimum temperature in January is as low as -1 ℃, and it is almost every day until mid-February.Winter dayBecomes
    • Northeast ・ ・ ・ ・Ageo City,Kuki,Kazo CitySuch asNorth KantoThe area located at the southern end is not as hot as in the north, but the summer heat can be severe and can rise to around 38 ° C. Observed 2007 ℃ in Kuki City in 38.9.Radiative cooling is remarkable in winter, and it is located in the neighboring Kumagaya city and about 50km north.Utsunomiya CityOften colder thanTochigiAs in the southern part, it may get cold around 8 ℃ below freezing.In Kuki City, it has been observed below -10 ℃ in the past.
    • Western part ・・Since it is located in the hills and the Musashino Plateau, which have a relatively high altitude, it has a more inland climate compared to the plains in the north, east and south. Summers are hot and winters are cold. EspeciallyHatoyama Town TheIwano HillsDue to the basin-like terrain surrounded by, it is a cold spot even in the Kanto plain, and the average minimum temperature in January is -1 ° C, which is -3.9 ° C or less even in the 21st century. ..On the other hand, the heat of summer is severe, and it may record the highest daily temperature in Japan. It was observed at 10 ° C on August 2020, 8.This area often suffers heavy snowfall due to the low pressure on the south coast, and overall, compared to the southern and eastern parts of the prefecture, Tokyo'sTama areaSimilar to the climate of. According to JMA statistics,AmedusThe point has slightly smaller daily and yearly differences in temperature than other points.Open airThis is because it has a large local influence that it is installed on the shore of Lake Sayama.Therefore, the maximum temperature in summer is observed to be about 1 ° C lower, and the minimum temperature in winter is observed to be about 2 ° C higher.
    Normal values ​​in various parts of Saitama prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
    Average price
    (Monthly)
    ChichibuNorthWestern partEastern/South
    ChichibuYorii(I.e.HatoyamaTokorozawaKukiKoshigayaSaitama
    average
    temperature
    ()
    Warmest month25.0
    (May)
    25.5
    (May)
    26.4
    (May)
    25.3
    (May)
    25.5
    (May)
    26.0
    (May)
    26.6
    (May)
    26.4
    (May)
    Coldest month1.3
    (May)
    3.2
    (May)
    3.7
    (May)
    2.5
    (May)
    3.6
    (May)
    3.2
    (May)
    4.0
    (May)
    3.5
    (May)
    Precipitation amount
    (mm)
    Most months242.1
    (May)
    229.0
    (May)
    208.7
    (May)
    224.6
    (May)
    244.8
    (May)
    210.7
    (May)
    188.8
    (May)
    219.7
    (May)
    Minimum month19.0
    (May)
    16.7
    (May)
    20.1
    (May)
    23.2
    (May)
    27.0
    (May)
    26.5
    (May)
    32.4
    (May)
    26.9
    (May)

    Region

    Saitama Prefecture has 40 cities and 22town, ThreevillageThere is. The number of cities is the highest in 40 prefectures in Japan, and the number of municipalities is 63HokkaidoIt is the third largest in Japan after Nagano Prefecture. All towns are read as "towns" and villages are read as "mura".

    Division by county/old county

    Since 1896, Saitama Prefecture has the following ninecountyIs placed. The areas included in the counties are gradually shrinking due to the enforcement of the municipal system and the merger of municipalities, but the area classification by the county to which they currently belong and the counties that belonged to in the past are "○○ district", "○○ district", and "○". ○It is sometimes used in fields such as educational administration with a name such as “gun city”. (Example: Cross-search for public libraries in Saitama Prefecture [1]

    Saitama county in the eastern part of the prefecture (especially Minami Saitama county) and Kita Katsushika county are sometimes used under the name of Saikatsu. (Example:Saikatsu wide area farm road, Gathering Saikatsu Human Rights, Saikatsu Test,Sai Katsusaiba UnionSuch)

    10 regions

    In addition to being used in the current 5-year plan "Saitama Plan for Relaxation and Opportunity" (plan period: FY2007-FY2011)[8]Since April 2010, the secondary health care area has been reorganized based on these 4 regional divisions, and the name has been changed in line with the plan.[9].. In April 2008, the above “Regional Creation Center” and “Industrial Labor Center” will be reorganized into “Regional Promotion Centers” for each of the 4 regions except Saitama Region, which is a city designated by the ordinance of Saitama City. Was installed.Map on Saitama homepage

    Classification by the Japan Meteorological Agency

    The Japan Meteorological Agency divides the prefecture as follows and announces weather information.[10].

    • Southern
      • Central part of the south (a collection of cities and towns bordering the north and south of Saitama City and Kawagoe City, the northern end is the border between Kitamoto City and Kawajima Town, and the southern end is the border with Tokyo)
      • Southeastern part (city and town on the east side of Saitama City and Hasuda City / Shiraoka City)
      • Southwestern part (a city or town on the west side of Kawagoe City that does not belong to the Chichibu region)
    • North
      • Northeastern part (Gyoda City, Hanyu City, Kazo City, Kuki City, Konosu City)
      • Northwestern part (Higashi-Chichibu village is added to the area of ​​Osato, Hiki, Kodama-gun, and Kawajima-cho is excluded)
    • Chichibu district(Excluding Higashi Chichibu Village)

    List of municipalities

    TaiziIs the municipality where the Regional Development Center is located. In addition, because Saitama City is a government-designated city,TaiziIs the city hall.

    RegionMunicipalityDescription
    Saitama areaAs the prefectural capital of Saitama Prefecture, it is also the only ordinance-designated city within the prefecture and inland prefectures.20015/1ToUrawa-Omiya city-Yono CityOf 3 citiesmergerWas newly established by20034/1Move to a designated city.2005On May 4IwatsukiBecame the current city area.

    Former Urawa City, which was originally the prefectural capitalUrawa-ku-South ward-Green District-Sakura kuIt has been functioning as the center of prefectural government since the times. In terms of population, both the former Urawa City and the current Saitama City are number one in the prefecture. Also,Railway townFormer Omiya City that flourished asOmiya W-Nishi-ward-Kita-Minami-kuIs popular as a commercial city. Along the Keihin Tohoku Line, Minami-ku, Urawa-ku, and Chuo-ku are centered around high-density urban areas, with night-time population density in the order of Urawa-ku, Minami-ku, and Chuo-ku, with Japan-China population density being Urawa-ku and Omiya-ku, In order of Chuo Ward, the price increases (2015Census). After the Edo era, on the Omiya plateau (Urawa Omiya stadium) north of UrawaNakasendoUrawajuku and Omiyajuku are established here, and these post forms the central part of the former Urawa city and the former Omiya city, respectively, and the JR Tohoku main line runs north and south. Arakawa flows in the west and Moto Arakawa flows in the east. AlsoJ LeagueIs a clubUrawa Red DiamondsOmiya ArdijaHas its headquarters, especially in the former Urawa Cityサ ッ カ ーIt is also famous as the city of.

    Southern regionThe area that belonged to the southern part of Kita-Adachi County is applicable. Central Kawaguchi City (Core city) IsHigh-rise apartmentIs forested, except in cities designated by ordinanceFunabashiIt has the second largest population in the country after. The three cities centered on the Keihin-Tohoku line, which runs through the western part of Kawaguchi City, are closely related, but Toda City isSaikyo LineAfter opening, the relationship with Kawaguchi City has become a little weak. On the other hand, Warabi-shi and Toda-shi are located along the same Nakasendo and are closely related historically. Warabi is the most popular city in JapanareaIs known for its small size.
    Central prefecture areaThe area that belonged to the northern part of Kita-Adachi-gun applies. 4 cities except Ina are along NakasendoPost townAnd even now, it has a strong relationship with the Takasaki Line. Ina Town is being converted into a residential area as a bed town in Saitama City.
    Southwest areaWest of Kitadachi-gun (formerlyNiiza DistrictArea), the area that belonged to the eastern part of Iruma County. Close to Tokyo,Tobu Tojo Line,Kawagoe HighwayThe conversion of residential land along the street is remarkable. Niiza CityToei Subway Oedo LineLarge-scale expected to stretchLand readjustment projectI have a plan.
    Eastern regionThe areas that belonged to the southern part of Minami Saitama and Kita-Katsushika and the southern parts of the two counties and Soka City (mostly Kita-Adachi-gun) fall under this category. Due to its proximity to Tokyo after the high economic growth periodTobu Isesaki LineResidential land has progressed mainly along the railway lines, and the population has increased in Koshigaya City and Soka City.B.LEAGUEBelongingKoshigaya AlpharsHometown and centrally located in the cityKoshigaya Lake TownKoshigaya CityCore city) Is the largest population in the region, followed by Soka and Kasukabe.
    Western regionGenerally, the area that belonged to the southern part of Iruma-gun is applicable.Mitomi NittaAs you go west from the spreading Musashino Plateau, it changes to the plateau-hills.Oku MusashiCalled. It is also an area where the traditional customs of the Kanto region remain. Deeper connection with the Tama area than in the prefecture,Seibu Ikebukuro Line-Seibu Shinjuku LineA city axis centered on is formed.Professional baseballPacific LeagueBelongingSaitama Seibu LionsIn addition to Tokorozawa where the headquarters ofSayama teaKnown as the production center of. Even now in the Yanase River basinMusashinoThere are some areas that retain the original scenery ofHayao MiyazakiDirector'sAnimated movie"My Neighbor TotoroIt became the stage in (Tokorozawa CityMatsugoSurroundings). In addition, in 2019MoominAboutTheme park"MezzaOpened in Hanno City.

    Tokorozawa City and Co., Ltd. in 2020KADOKAWATogetherHigashidokorozawaAs a base facility for the development project "COOL JAPAN FOREST" centered onTokorozawa Sakura TownWill open.

    Kawagoe Hiki areaNorthern Iruma County and Hiki County, and the areas that belonged to these two counties.Koedoと 呼 ば れ るKawagoe Domain Ofcastle townDeveloped asKawagoe-shi(Core city) Centered on the Tobu Tojo Line and the Kanetsu Expressway. The center of the Hiki area on the north side is Higashimatsuyama City, where the Hiki Hills, Iwano Hills, Yoshimi Hills, Arashiyama Gorge, etc.GaichichibuThe natural beauty ofSaitama Children's Animal Nature ParkThere is the National Musashi Hills Forest Park. Since ancient times, it has been a key point of Musashikoku along with the Chichibu district,Mr. Hatakeyama,KawagoeWas active.
    Kawagoe Hiki area (in the Higashi Matsuyama office jurisdiction)
    Northern regionMostly, Kodama-gun, Osato-gun, and the regions that belonged to these two counties. The Tone River runs through the northern end and the Ara River runs through the south, mainly in lowlands and plateaus. Consumers flow in from the neighboring cities and neighboring Gunma Prefecture, mainly in the commercial areas of Kumagaya. Industry is developing centering on industrial parks in various places. Also,Eiichi Shibusawa,Kouichi HanawaThe tourist route is set as the birthplace ofFukaya green onionWith the motifFukkaIt is characterized by the promotion of the region.
    Northern area (Honjo office jurisdiction)
    Tone areaIn general, the northern part of Minami Saitama and Kita Katsushika counties, Kita Saitama county, and the regions that belonged to these 3 counties are applicable. The Tone River flows to the north, making it a relatively active agricultural region. Also,Saitama Burial Mounds,Gongendo Tsutsumi,Washinomiya Shrine,Shinobi Castle,Tobu Zoological ParkThere are also tourist spots and resorts such as.In recent years, the Tohoku Expressway crosses the area from north to south and the Ken-O Expressway crosses from east to west.logisticsAs a base, warehouses and factory locations along the line are becoming more active.
    Chichibu areaChichibu-gun and the area that belonged to the same county. It is the region located on the westernmost side of the prefecture. It consists of the Kanto Mountains and surrounding mountains and the Chichibu Basin surrounded by them.Chichibu XNUMX placesPilgrimageChichibu Night Festival,Chichibu ShibazakuraThe tourism industry has developed.Crystal schistScenic spots featuring rocky pavementNagatoro ValleyIt is,sharkFrom the excavation of fossils of paleontology such asGeologyAlso known as the "place of origin" and "window of the earth,"Old Chichibu Bay sedimentary layer and marine mammal fossilsIn the countryNatural treasureIs specified in.

    History

    Prehistory/Ancient

    Within the prefecturePaleolithicThe ruins of Omiya, Musashino,Jiangnan,ShimosaAbout 500 have been confirmed in each plateau and each river basin in the Chichibu Basin. Ruins and remains of this era have been discovered in the Tachikawa and Daikoku loam layers since 3 years ago.[11][12].

    The prefecture areaUpheavalRetreatFormed by In the Jomon period, the sea level is higher than it is today, and the low sea level areas mainly from the eastern part of Tokyo to the southeastern part of the prefectureOld Tokyo BayIt is highly probable that it was on the sea floor because of the large creek of Noto. The proof of the old Kawaguchi CityHatogayaIn areasShell moundHas been found everywhere, suggesting that it was close to the coast. At the end of the Jomon period, landification progressed in the southeastern part of the prefecture,Yayoi PeriodThe entire land of Saitama Prefecture has become almost land-based (earthenware pieces from the Yayoi period have been found in Misato City)[13].

    An ancient national history book, "Japanese calligraphy"ofEmperor AnkanIn the description of the first year (534 years?), "Leap OfDecember…(Omitted)…in the month ofMusashi KunizoNaohara KasaharaAnd the same family as KotsukiNational constructionIt is said that he had settled in the vicinity of the current Kasahara district of Konosu City.Australian, A quarrel between Musashi-Kunizo by Naoki Kasahara and his family Kobuki,Imperial courtThe messenger who borrowed the power ofYokogo(Tama-gun or Yokomi)・Orange Blossom(Kanagawa PrefectureTachibanaju)・Ice(Tama)Kuramoru(Kanagawa PrefectureKura-gun)TonkuraIt is described that it was offered as6st centuryThe giant of this place that suddenly appeared inOld tombs, And belowIron swordFromYamato Imperial CourtIt can be considered that even the direct control of the country had long been the center of Musashi. In addition to the above Musashi-Kunizo (Innocent Kunizo), the area that is currently Saitama Prefecture will be based in Chichibu-gun, later.ChimioWas also present. The main area isRitual systemPreviously,Kono countryCalledChikushi country,Kibi countryComparable toGreat powerIt was said that he was in a higher position in relation to the Yamato Imperial Court and was more prosperous than the current Tokyo area.

    WadoIn the first year (708), it is located in the current Kuroya, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture.Wado RuinsFrom, Japanese copper (Niigagane, high purity and does not require refining)Natural copper) Was produced to commemorate the productionCurrent currencyBecomeWado KaiIs issued.

    1968 years(ShowaSakitama Fudoki no Oka (currently:) in Saitama, Gyoda CitySaitama Kofun Park)ofInariyama TumulusIron sword excavated from (Gold illusion iron sword), when it was preserved at the Genkoji Cultural Property Research Institute in Nara City in 1978, it had 115 characters of gold inlay on the front and back.InscriptionsIt was noticed that there was and there was a lot of attention. In the text, "Kikata Shokei Daiwa" is "Writing]Emperor YukiAndSong BookIt looks like a Japanese legendTakeoSo, at the beginningXinhaiThe mainstream theory is that the year is 471 years. There are various debates over the interpretation of the iron sword during the boom of ancient history.[14][15].

    The counties in the Saitama area are Adachi, Niiza, Iruma,Goryeo・Hiki・Yokomi・Saitama・Osato・Baron-Tarara-Harusawa-Naka・Kodama・Gami・It is Chichibu-gun. In addition, the number of townships is 75 in the prefecture (“Wanajujusho”). The locations of counties within the prefecture are often unknown.Jingu JingunFour warehouses in Shosokura were burned down on September 3, 769rd year (9 years), resulting in casualties on cereals and people. A natural disaster or a sacred fire caused by a thunderstorm[Annotation 2] It is unknown whether it was a human disaster caused by[16].

    中 世

    Musashi samurai appeared in the hills and plateaus of Kita Musashi, which had a particularly large population in the Musashi region in the Middle Ages, and separated Mr. Kawagoe and Mr. Hatakeyama.ChichibuThe clan played an active part. Also formed as a homogenous groupMusashi Seven PartyThere are also small and medium-sized local Australians.Heiji RebellionAfter going throughTairaMusashi samurai said that the Taira clan was appointed to Musashi Mamoru when it becameOfficerAnd gained new enlightened land and advanced to Western countries.Approval4 years (1180)Yoritomo GengenThe Chichibu clan, who had power in the prefecture area, mainly sided with Yoritomo for the Australians who submitted after theResponsibility and Rebellion of ToshinagaParticipated in the battle in. Mr. Kawagoe and Mr. Hatakeyama,Mr. HikiEtc.Kamakura ShogunateWas heavily used in the founding period to participate in political affairs, but in the course of establishing Shogunate power, all but Mr. Kawagoe fell, and the status of Musashi samurai declined.

    In the Middle Ages, the highway was established with the establishment of the Kamakura Shogunate, and in the north and south of Nishi MusashiKamakura HighwayIt is connected to the Oshu area through the upper road and the middle road, which serves as a distribution channel for goods and is also important for military purposes.CastleAre distributed. With the development of main roads, side roads and water transportation have developed, and many cities and lodgings have been established.

    KawagoeMusashidairaMusashi during the Warring States periodKamakura publicAshikagaKanto areaUesugiIt became a turbulent state due to the influence of the conflict with.The prefectural area is based on Kita Musashi (the front line base is XNUMX houses (now Honjo City))HorikoshiOneUesugi Yamauchi, Minami Musashi (basedKawagoe Castle) BasedMr. Uesugi OgiyaAnd others fought for power. In the direction of ShimosaFurukawaGained power.

    In the latter half of SengokuSagami country OfMr. GohojoEmerges.astronomicalIn 10 (1541), he visited Kawagoe Castle, which is the most important base,Uesugi AsadaIs in the Kanto regionNorimasa UesugiAnd connected with Furukawa, and went to rescue the castle.HojoBetweenKawagoe Night BattleWas done. The defeated Ogiya Uesugi was destroyed, and many branches were built in Musashi, which became the territory of Gohojo, and Ueyasu oppressed Norimasa Uesugi.

    ConstitutionEchigo countryGuardian feeThe Keio Nagao (laterKenshin Uesugi, Kagetora, who took over the Kanto administration and the Uesugi family, went to the Kanto area and fought with Uyasu. Mr. GohojoKai country OfMr. Takeda,Suruga country OfImagawaTrilateral allianceI was fighting with Kagetora, but after the collapse of the allianceEirokuIn 12th year (1569), we became friendly with EchigoOvercast AllianceThis led to the invasion of the Chichibu area by Mr. Takeda, and in this complicated diplomatic situationNational peopleWas tossed at.

    Gohojo ruled most of Kanto during the Tensho era,Toyotomi(Hashiba) Becoming the second largest force in Japan after the house.

    The early modern period

    TenshoIn 18 (1590)Hideyoshi Toyotomi OfUnificationInOdawara SeijiAt the end, Mr. Gohojo will fall. Tokugawa Ieyasu, who ruled the Tokai five nations, was transferred to the Kanto region when Mr. Gohojo fell, and Tokugawa's vassals were placed in the Kanto region, including Musashi. After the battle of SekigaharaEdo ShogunateOnce the rule by the government was established, the Kawagoe clan called "Musashi Sanhan" was established in Saitama prefecture.Ninja-Iwatsuki Domain(And there was almost no intellectual land in Musashikuni.Okabe DomainIs a standing clan. Close to EdoRelative-Musical score, But the formation of the castle town was small except for the Kawagoe clan. Kawagoe prospered as a defense base in the northern part of Edo and as the center of commerce and industry in Musashikuni, known as "Koedo".

    By the Edo ShogunateEdoStarting fromGokaidoMaintenance is being promoted, and 9Post(Warabijuku, Urawajuku,Omiyajuku,Ageojuku,Okegawa lodging,Konosu,Kumagaya,Fukaya-juku,Honjo),Nikko Kaido(Oshu Kaido) 6 lodgings (Sokajuku,Koshigaya,Lees,Sugitojuku,Satte-juku,Kurihashi) Was placed. According to GokaidoSideways trafficIs in the prefectureKawagoe Kodama going back and forth(Kawagoe Highway),Nikko Waki ​​Traffic,Nikko Onari Kaido, Sekijuku return,Return to Chichibu, Chichibu Koshu return was established.

    TomorrowWildfire water for the year,KyohoMinuma Substitute Water has been opened since the beginning of the year,GenrokuIn addition to the development of Mitomi Shinden during the year and the increase in rice and wheat cultivation,sericulture,fabric,cottonCultivation ofVegetablesThe production of regional special products became popular, and in addition to being sold in regular cities, they were also moved to Edo through the Tone, Arakawa, and Shinkawagishi rivers.

    MeiwaIn the first year (1764) there was a large scale peasant revoltNakasendo denma riotIs occurring.

    In the latter half of the modern periodRoninIncreased social discomfort due to the increase inBunseiWith the reform ofcultureIn 2 years (1805)Kanto crackdown officerHas been installed to strengthen the police force, and villages are responding by forming union villages.

    At the end of the Edo period, foreign ships appeared in the waters near Japan,KaeiOn June 6, 6 (July 3, 1853)America OfPerryThe fleet comes to the shogunate and asks for trade, but the Kawagoe clan and the nin clan are on the coast of Edo Bay.Hikone clan,Aizu DomainIn addition, he was in charge of the four clan, and dispatched clan officers to the field and set up Tomibansho. When the Perry fleet arrived, the defense measures were modified,ShinagawadaibaKawagoe clan, Shinobi clan, Aizu clan was in charge of the defense of. Although strengthening the defense of the sea will burden the villages, on the other hand, speculators willingly try foreign trade when Japan opens and starts full-scale trade.

    The social changes in the late modern period, the burden of various roles before and after the opening of the port, and the economic fluctuations affected rural society and caused some downfall farmers.KeioOn June 2, 6 (July 13, 1866), it spread to the area west of Nakasendo centering on Iruma-gun.Bushu IkkiOccurs, and is suppressed by the secondment of the Kanto Office.

    Meiji

    Before the Showa period

    Postwar Showa

    • 1946 (Showa 21)- TroopsBySaitama KaikanSaitama Military Administration Department was established.
    • 1949 (Showa 24)-As a new universitySaitama UniversityWas launched.
    • 1965 (40)-Prefecture population exceeded 300 million.
    • 1971
    • Prefecture population exceeds 400 million.
      • November 11-14 years after the birth of Saitama prefecture in the abandoned domain of 4, this year, the prefecture established "Saitama Prefecture Day". Various events are held every year from October to December centered on this day[17].
    • 1973
    • 1977 (52)-Prefecture population exceeded 500 million.
    • 1982
    • September 1983, 58 (Showa 12)- Saitama New Urban Transit Ina LineOpened.
    • September 1985, 60 (Showa 9)- Saikyo LineOpened.
    • 1987 (62)-Prefecture population exceeded 600 million.
    • 1988 (Showa 63)- Saitama ExpoIs held.

    Heisei

    Reiwa

    • 2019 years(ReiwaFirst year) September- Rugby World CupOpens.Kumagaya rugby fieldThen, three games of pool stage were held.
    • 2021
    • July 2022 (Reiwa 4th year)-A manga set in Kasukabe CityCrayon Shin-chan"ofAnimeAs a project to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the start of broadcasting, a "family city" agreement was signed between Saitama, Akita, and Kumamoto prefectures to promote mutual tourism, regional revitalization, and mutual exchange measures.
    • 2024-Keno ExpresswayKuki Shiraoka JCT~Daiei JCT4 lanes between[19]. The total length of the prefecture is 4 lanes.

    population

    The population growth rate from 2010 to 2015 is Tokyo,OkinawaHas become the third largest in Japan (see also the list of prefectures).

    Demography11000.svg
    Population distribution by age in Saitama prefecture and Japan (2005)Saitama Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
    Purple-Saitama Prefecture
    Green-All over Japan
    Blue-male
    Red-female

    Changes in the population of Saitama prefecture
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

    Average students age

    46.6Years old (male 45.5 years old, female 47.8 years old. As of January 2021, 3 (1rd year of Reiwa))

    city

    Saitama Prefecture Population Ranking by City
    Population density ranking by city in Saitama prefecture (Estimated population August 2022, 7)

    Population / Area / Population Density by Municipality in Saitama Prefecture

    Population/Area/Density
    MunicipalitiesCodespopulation
    (Man)
    area
    (Km2
    The population density
    (People/km2

    Politics

    Prefectural government

    First elected on August 2019, 8 (Reiwa 25), assumed office on August 8.
    It is now the first term, and the term of office has expired on August 1, 2023 (five years).

    Successive Governor of Saitama Prefecture (only after the public election system)

    • The 42nd generation (the first public election system) Nishimura(April 1947, 4-March 12, 1949, 3 term, 28 term appointed by the government)
    • The 43rd and 44th generations (Public election system 2nd generation) Yuichi Osawa(April 1949, 5-October 17, 1956, third term)
    • 45th-48th (3rd publicly elected) Hiro Kurihara(April 1956, 7-October 16, 1972, third term)
    • 49th-53th (4rd publicly elected) Hatawa(April 1972, 7-October 13, 1992, third term)
    • 54th-56th (5rd publicly elected) Yoshihiko Tsuchiya(April 1992, 7-October 13, 2003, third term)
    • 57th-60th (6rd publicly elected) Kiyoshi Ueda(April 2003, 8-October 31, 2019, third term)
    • 61st generation (7th public election system) Motohiro Ono (August 2019, 8 -, 31st term)

    Main facilities of the prefecture

    Internet broadcasting

    Saitama Prefecture serves as a public information for the prefectural government by delivering video of the governor's press conference and prefectural assembly broadcast via internet broadcasting.[20].

    National politics

    House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 15.House of CouncilorsAll prefectures constitute one ward.

    National agency

    * Excluding those installed in all prefectures.

    Ministries/Courtsorgan
    Ministry of Finance
    National Tax Agency
    National Police Agency
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
    Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
    Ministry of Agriculture
    Ministry of the Environment
    Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
    Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
    Ministry of Justice
    Public Security Intelligence Agency
    • Saitama Public Safety Research Office (Urawa Ward, Saitama City)
    Ministry of Defense
    Ministry of education
    • RIKEN (Wako City)
    National Personnel Authority
    • Kanto Secretariat (Saitama Shintoshin)
    • Civil Service Training Center (Iruma City)
    Supreme Court

    Economic and industrial

    industry

    The gross domestic product in 2012 (24) was 21 billion yen.[21],United Arab EmiratesSlightly more than the gross domestic product of[22].. It has an economic scale equivalent to around 40 countries in the world[23].. The number of establishments in the prefecture as of 2014 (Heisei 26) is 26 establishments,Tokyo,Osaka,Aichi,KanagawaIt is the 5th largest in Japan after Japan.

    The number of establishments by industry is the largest in the order of wholesale/retail industry, service industry, manufacturing industry, restaurant/accommodation industry, construction industry. By number of employees, wholesale/retail industry, manufacturing industry, service industry, medical/welfare, food and beverage. Most of them are in the order of store/accommodation. The number of establishments by municipality is Saitama City, Kawaguchi City, Kumagaya City, Kawagoe City, Tokorozawa City, and the number of employees is Saitama City, Kawaguchi City, Kawagoe City, Tokorozawa City, Kumagaya City. Of 2007Annual product salesIs 15 million yen, and the amount of manufactured goods shipped is 1,109 billion yen.

    Western confectionery,チ ョ コ レ ー トJapan's top class production valueSweetsAlso a kingdom[24].

    The number of tourists in 2014 (Heisei 26) is estimated to be about 1 million, which is increasing in recent years. The largest number by purpose is visitors to various events, followed by sports and amusement park guests. The number of visiting shrines and shrines, cultural assets, and industrial tourists is on the rise.

    Major companies in the prefecture

    Category: Companies in Saitama PrefectureSee.

    Financial institution

    Life

    Policemen

    Medical and welfare

    Disaster base hospital
    Licensed Nursery School

    Mass media

    Newspaper company

    TV station

    Prefectural broadcastBesides TV SaitamaWide area broadcasting OfNHK Broadcast Center(General TV-E Tele)WhenKey station in Tokyo5 stations (Nippon TV-TV Asahi-TBS TV-Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.-Fuji Television Network, Inc) Is the broadcasting area for the whole prefecture,Broadcast target areaoutsideTOKYO MXMost of the eastern part of the prefecture[25],ChibateleIs southeastern prefecture[26],Gunma TVIs the northern part of the prefecture[27] It is a guide to the reception area.

    Radio stations

    Rajiru ★ Rajiru-radikoWith the start of operation in KantoWide area broadcasting-Prefectural area broadcastingRegardless of NHK, commercial broadcasting in Tokyo AM / FM /Short waveEven if each of the eight stations could not receive radio waves well, it became possible to listen to them via the Internet throughout the prefecture.

    Furthermore, Kanagawa prefecture area broadcastingRadio Japan-FM Yokohama, Chiba prefecture areabay fm, Ibaraki prefecture area broadcastingLuckyFM Ibaraki BroadcastingCan now be heard throughout the prefecture.In our prefectureFM NACK5Can now be heard in all areas of the Kanto region, 1 metropolitan area and 6 prefectures.

    • FM radio station
    • AM radio station
    * In addition to AM radio, which has a transmitting station in this prefecture, which will be described laterNippon Broadcasting System, Inc.Is the target area for broadcasting.

    Cable tv station

    Broadcasting station with transmitting station

    Other,U.S. ForcesIs broadcast byAFN TokyoRadio broadcast transmission station in Wako CityRIKENLocated on the south side of Wako Honjo (the performance hall is in Tokyo)Fussa).

    Wide area broadcasting

    The following wide area broadcasting stations in the Kanto regionTransmitting stationIs in Saitama prefecture.

    In addition, NHK Broadcasting Centers and relay stations for terrestrial digital televisions from five wide area commercial broadcasters are located throughout the prefecture (Kodama・Honjo, Ogano, OgawaOnishi・Chichibu SadahoChichibu・Chichibu Tochiya, Hanno Joseki, Hanno Karatake, Hannohara Market, Fufu, Yokosene Furuya relay stations)[40] Is installed. *For the transmission channel, see the website of the Kanto Bureau of Communications, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Digital relay station opening information).

    Prefectural broadcast
    • NHK Saitama Broadcasting Station/TV Saitama-Hiranohara Transmission Station (NHK Saitama Broadcasting Station only transmits prefectural FM broadcasts)
    • FM NACK5-Tokigawa-cho, Hiki-gunIimori Pass

    Education

    University

    National

    public

    private

    Correspondence University
    Junior college

    private

    Ministry College
    SortDedicated to pre-school and extra curricular
    Vocational schoolList of Saitama special training schools
    Special schoolList of Saitama special needs schools
    high schoolSaitama Prefectural High School List
    Junior high schoolSaitama Junior High School List
    primary schoolSaitama Elementary School List
    KindergartenSaitama Kindergarten List
    Foreign schoolList of Saitama Prefectural Schools for Foreigners

    Transportation

    Train

    There are 230 stations located in Saitama Prefecture, which is less than 336 stations compared to Chiba Prefecture (100 stations) and about the same as Kyoto Prefecture (241 stations). this isKeihin Tohoku LineSaikyo LineThis is because there are few competing routes between stations and the area of ​​the prefecture is relatively small.

    SaitamaOmiya W OfOmiya StationIs the largest in the prefectureTerminal stationAndJapan National Railway(JNR) "Omiya Factory"East Japan RailwayOmiya General Rolling Stock Center"and"Japan Freight RailwayOmiya vehicle stationProspered around ""Railway town"one of.JRThen.Tohoku Main LineIt is one of the main stations aboveTohoku ShinkansenJoetsu ShinkansenIn addition to (starting station on the line register), direct to these linesYamagata Shinkansen-Akita Shinkansen-Hokkaido Shinkansen,Hokuriku ShinkansenAll trains stop.On conventional lines,Keihin Tohoku Line,Utsunomiya Line-Takasaki Line(Ueno Tokyo Line-Shonan Shinjuku Line),Saikyo Line-Kawagoe LineAll trains have stopped and some of themMusashino LineIt is very convenient (Takasaki Line and Kawagoe Line are the starting stations on the line registration).moreoverPrivate railwayThen,Tobu Noda Line(Tobu Urban Park Line),Saitama New Urban Transit Ina Line (New Shuttle) Is the first station (starting station).Railway museumThe New Shuttle will be the access route to.The average daily number of passengers getting on and off is about 70, which is the station with the largest number of passengers getting on and off in Saitama Prefecture.As will be described later, the representative stations of prefectures and cities areUrawa StationHowever, it is not the nominal reason of the population ratio of the city or the nearest station of the prefectural office / city hall, but "the de facto Saitama prefecture and Saitama city.Representative station・ The reason why it is said that the central station is Omiya station is as described above.AdjacentSaitama Shintoshin StationThe surrounding area is integrated with the area around Omiya Stationoffice Street,DowntownAre formed.

    JTB publishing,Kotsu Shimbun(Excluding "Tokyo Timetable" which does not have the symbol of the prefecture representative station)TimetableThe representative stations of prefectures and cities in the official route map of the JR website are the prefectural capitals before the establishment of Saitama City, and the old city with the largest population in the prefecture.UrawaWas also the central station ofUrawa StationIs.West exitSaitama Prefectural OfficeandSaitama City HallIt is a government office district that includes Saitama City, and is also the "gateway to the prefectural capital" in the city planning of Saitama City.Urawa Station departs and arrives at Omiya Station as of 2020Narita ExpressHowever, as of 2022, all trains on the Utsunomiya Line and Takasaki Line have stopped because this train was abolished.

    Utsunomiya Line / Takasaki Line and Keihin Tohoku LineKawaguchi StationSouth of the Saikyo LineToda Koen StationIn the south of Tokyo, cross the Arakawa River and connect directly to central Tokyo. The Shonan-Shinjuku line opened on December 2001, 12, and the Ueno-Tokyo line opened on March 1, 2015, greatly improving speed and convenience to central Tokyo, especially along the Keihin-Tohoku line. It became a popular area with a high ranking in the "city (station) ranking where you want to live" (according to SUUMO's announcement in March 3, it ranked first.Yokohama Station, 2nd placeKichijoji Station, 3rd place Omiya station, 4th placeEbisu Station, 5th place Urawa station).Each station on the Keihin Tohoku Line in the prefectureYono StationThe average number of passengers getting on and off at all stations is over 10 every day except for the station, which is the area with the highest population density.

    Accompanying the Shinkansen construction plan in the 1970sTohoku/Joetsu Shinkansen Opposition MovementWas held in the southern part of the prefecture.In return, the Shinkansen commute in parallel with the Shinkansen (JRSaikyo Line) And the new transportation system (Saitama New Urban Transit Ina LineNew Shuttle), And agreed to establish an urban facility zone (so-called "environmental space") south of Omiya Station as a noise countermeasure, and each line opened in the 1980s.Long-distance trains have been reduced along the Utsunomiya Line and Takasaki Line north of Omiya Station due to the opening of the Tohoku-Joetsu Shinkansen.Medium distance trainHousing development progressed with the increase in the number of houses.

    The eastern part of the prefectureTobu Isesaki Line(Tobu Sky Tree Line)・Tobu Nikko,Saitama high-speed railway lineMetropolitan New City Railway Tsukuba ExpressBut in the western part of the prefectureTobu Tojo Main Line,Seibu Shinjuku Line-Seibu Ikebukuro LineSeibu Chichibu LineAre directly connected to central Tokyo. Tobu Isesaki Line and Tobu Nikko LineTokyo Metro Hibiya LineTokyo Metro Hanzomon LineAnd the Saitama High Speed ​​Rail LineTokyo Metro Namboku LineIn addition, the Tobu Tojo Main Line and the Seibu Ikebukuro LineTokyo Metro Yurakucho LineTokyo Metro Fukutoshin LineGet on. Crossing the western part of the prefecture from north to southHachiko LineIt is,Koma River StationThe border is divided into electrified and non-electrified sections, and the north side of Koma River Station is the only non-electrified section in the prefecture.

    In this way, there are many routes that directly connect to central Tokyo and cross the prefecture from north to south, while few lines cross the prefecture from east to west. Of these, connect to many lines across the southern part of the prefectureMusashino LineHas the largest number of transport personnel, JR EastTokyo mega loopIt is designated as a target route of.In addition, on the Musashino LineFreight lineDirect operation to Omiya Station utilizingMusashino-Shimosa) Is also performed.Nishitokorozawa StationBranch to the westSeibu Sayama LineIt is,Seibu Yamaguchi Line(Leo liner) WithSeibu DomeIt is an access route to.

    Connect to Omiya StationTobu Noda Line TheKasukabe StationTo the east,Kawagoe Line TheNisshin StationTo the west,New Shuttle TheMaruyama StationTo the northSingle lineIt is a section.Also, the Kawagoe LineKawagoe StationThe service system is completely divided all day, and the east side starts from the same station as the first train from Omiya station to the Saikyo line, and the west side also starts from the same station.Koma River StationからHachiko LineViaHachioji StationI'm getting into.Sakado StationBranch to the westTobu Ogose LineHas been operated by one-man operation since 2008, but the number of operations is larger than that of the Kawagoe Line on the south side.Kumagaya StationConnect toChichibu Railway Chichibu Main LineCrosses the northern part of the prefecture, but the number of users is small on all single-track lines, and the prefecture issues subsidies for equipment maintenance.

    Unlike Kanagawa and Chiba prefectures, there are no routes with congestion rates exceeding 190%. As of 2019, the route with the highest congestion rate during the morning rush hour in the prefecture is 185% of the Saikyo line, and the busiest section isItabashi StationからIkebukuro StationIt is a section up to. The congestion rate exceeded 2010% until 200, but fell below 2014% in 190 due to the introduction of wide car bodies.京浜東北線の南行は長い間The Keihin Tohoku Line southbound for a long timeUeno StationからOkachimachi StationAlthough it exceeded 200% in the section up to, the congestion of the section was greatly eased by the opening of the Ueno Tokyo Line in 2014, and the busiest section from 2015Kawaguchi StationからAkabane StationIt was changed to the section up to.The number of Musashino Lines planned as freight lines was small during rush hours, and the congestion rate exceeded 2006% until 200, but fell below 2015% in 180 due to the increase in the number.最混雑区間はThe busiest section isHigashiurawa StationからMinami Urawa StationIt is a section up to.

    The Tobu Isesaki Line was the first double railway system in Kanto Private Railway in 1974, and in 2001Kitasenju StationからKitakoshigaya StationUntil 2021, double-tracking was completed in 18.9km, which is the longest except JR. During the morning rushTokyu Denentoshi Line,Keio LineAlthough the transportation volume is comparable to that of the above, the congestion rate is less than 160%. Kitasenju Station in 1974- Takenotsuka StationBefore the completion of the double track between1969According to the autumn traffic survey, it is the busiest section of the morning rush.Kosuge Station → The congestion rate between Kita-Senju Station was 248%, which was the highest on major railway lines in the current fiscal year.[41]..The Seibu Ikebukuro Line adopted a staggered stop to ensure express delivery and level the congestion, but the congestion rate exceeded 1993% until 200, and the Kanto private railway at that timeOdakyu Odawara LineIt was the route with the highest congestion rate comparable to. In 1994Seibu Yurakucho LineThe whole line of 1997Toei Subway Oedo Line Shinjuku StationAs a result of the extension and opening of business, the volume of transportation decreased and the congestion rate fell below 2000% in 170.

    The Tobu-Tojo Main Line has not had limited express trains since 1962, but in 2008 it was the first Kanto private railway to switch to cross seats and long seats.Multi-seat vehicleWas introduced.Cross seat during rush hourTJ linerAllocate to honor trains such as, etc., and use cross seats to operate honor trains (Kawagoe Limited Express) and long seats to operate general trains during the day. In 2017, we introduced a vehicle with similar functions on the Seibu Ikebukuro Line.S-TRAINOn weekdays, it connects directly to the Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line, and on Saturdays and holidays, it connects directly to the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line.A vehicle similar to the TJ Liner will be introduced on the Tobu-Isesaki Line in 2020, and will be directly connected to the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line.TH linerStarted operation.

    Of the subway operatorTokyo MetroAs mentioned above, although we are operating in this prefecture by direct operation with major private railways and semi-major private railway lines[42], Similarly, mutual direct operation with major private railways and semi-major private railway lines, etc.Toei Subway TheKanagawa,ChibaAlthough I'm inTokyoIt is the only prefecture that does not enter the operation area of ​​the major private railway line adjacent to.


    bus

    Around Kawaguchi CityKokusai Kogyo BusHowever, around Chichibu CitySeibu sightseeing busHas taken on the route bus in one hand, but in other regions there is competition for routes. At Omiya Station, which is the prefecture's largest terminal station, there is an international industrial bus at the east exit.Tobu BusBut there is a Tobu bus at the west exitSeibu BusAre each on board.

    Many Tobu and Tojo lines are served by Tobu Bus, and many Seibu lines are run by Seibu Bus. Tobu Bus has many business offices transferred around 2000, and the line that was operating in the eastern area north of Koshigaya City isAsahi Motor CorporationIbaraki Express CarIn addition, the line operated in the western area north of SakadoKawagoe sightseeing carWas transferred to. After being spun off in 2002, Tobu Bus Central runs along the Isesaki Line and Tobu Bus West runs along the Tojo Main Line. In the Kumagaya area along the JR Takasaki LineInternational ten king trafficIs operating.

    In 2002Road transport lawIn response to the deregulation, many new routes entered the eastern region of the south from Koshigaya, and the route network was reorganized with the opening of Tsukuba Express.Things to do in mate,Tallows bath,My Sky Transportation,Global transportation,Keisei Town Bus,Keisei BusIs operated along the Musashino Line and Tsukuba Express Line.

    The midnight express buses that are operated after the last train on weekdays are Omiya station, Ikebukuro station in Tokyo,Ueno Station,Tokyo StationThere are many lines that depart from such stations and head to major stations in the southern part of the prefecture.

    In particularOmiya Station Bus Terminal-Saitama Shintoshin Bus TerminalTo each region with the center of departure and arrivalExpress Bus-Long distance busBut againHaneda airport,Narita AirportThere are also many airport shuttle buses that connect directly to.Currently in the conceptual stage, but largeBus terminalIt was reported in 2021 that there was a plan to develop "Busta Omiya (tentative name)".

    道路

    The southern part of the prefectureTokyo Outer Ring RoadCrosses, in order from the eastMisato JunctionJoban Expressway,Kawaguchi JunctionTohoku Expressway,Oizumi Junction(Located in Tokyo)Kanetsu ExpresswayConnect to. Joban ExpresswayShuto Expressway No. 6 Misato Line, Tohoku ExpresswayShuto Expressway Kawaguchi LineConnect with. The Kanetsu Expressway does not connect to the Metropolitan Expressway,Bijogi JunctionShuto Expressway No. 5 Ikebukuro LineShuto Expressway Saitama Omiya LineIs connected to the Shuto Expressway Saitama Omiya LineYono JunctionShuto Expressway Saitama Shintoshin LineDirectly to.The Metropolitan Expressway Saitama Omiya Line is north of Yono JunctionStretchingHas been decided,New Omiya Ageo RoadAsShuto Expressway Co., Ltd.ByAgeo CityIt is in business up to the inside.From the Tone area to the western part of the prefectureMetropolitan area central connecting expresswayCrosses, in order from the eastKuki Shiraoka JunctionOn the Tohoku Expressway,Tsurugashima JunctionIt connects with the Kanetsu Expressway.

    Shuto Expressway No. 6 of Misato LineYashio parking areaOf the Tsukuba ExpressYashio StationIt is close to, and you can enter the parking area and transfer to the railway line. Shuto Expressway Kawaguchi LineKawaguchi parking area TheAkayama Historical ParkIt is adjacent toHighway oasisIt was maintained as.Tohoku ExpresswayHasuda Service AreaAnd on the Kan-etsu ExpresswayTakasaka service areaAre both the first service area on the down line and the last service area on the up line.

    Crosses the eastern part of the general national roads in the prefectureNational Route 4, Connecting the metropolitan area in a ring across the prefectureNational Route 16, Cross the prefecture centerNational Route 17And run parallel to Tokyo Outer Ring RoadNational Route 298Is the whole sectionDesignated section(Directly controlled national road), the road is managed by the Omiya National Highway Office and the Northern Capital National Highway Office of the Kanto Regional Development Bureau of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.National roads (auxiliary national roads) and prefectural roads outside the designated section are managed by the prefecture, but national roads and prefectural roads outside the designated section in Saitama City, an ordinance-designated city, are managed by Saitama City.The national highway that is completed in Saitama Prefecture connects Koshigaya City to Iruma City.National Route 463All other national roads cross the prefectural border.

    It has a section that runs parallel to the Tohoku ExpresswayNational Route 122(Especially the section of Hasuda Iwatsuki Bypass)Iwatsuki InterchangeThere is a plane intersection with National Highway No. 16 in the vicinity, and the up line (toward Hasuda) enters the down line (toward Kawaguchi) in a cranked state and becomes one lane on each side, so there is chronic congestion.National Route 125Crosses the Tone area and overlaps with Route 122AEON MALL HanyuAre in close proximity. Cross the border with Yamanashi PrefectureNational Route 140 TheKarizaka PassCross overReturn to ChichibuIs the national road as it is,Dotted national roadBut in 1998Karizaka Tunnel Toll RoadHas opened, and it has become possible to come and go by car.The Karisaka Tunnel with a total length of 6,625m is the longest mountain tunnel on the national highway.

    Cross the westNational Route 254Although it is a national highway outside the designated section, it is a national highway that complements the Kan-etsu Expressway, and is a trunk road comparable to the national highway in the designated section within the prefecture.National Route 354Is a 199.6km long line connecting Gunma and Ibaraki prefectures, but the prefecture section is only 7.8km in Kazo city.

    helicopter

    There is no private airport in Saitama Prefecture, but there is a heliport in Okegawa City.

    culture

    dialect

    1908 (Meiji 41)National Language Survey CommitteeSince the report, in the Kanto regionKeihan accentIt attracted attention as an area where accents similar to those used in the area (mainly in the former Katsushika district), but the tide is remarkably low and only heard by older people.Others are based on Tokyo accents over almost the entire areaEastern dialect OfWest Kanto dialectIs used. Because it is close to Tokyo and there are many people coming from outside the prefecturecommon languageHas a strong influence on the West Kanto dialect,Metropolitan dialectIs used in many places.

    Food culture:

    local cuisine
    Local gourmet

    Traditional crafts

    Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
    Traditional crafts
    Folk craft

    Japan

    • Number of cities (40)-2001 cities before the establishment of Saitama City, May 5, 1
    • Flowing in the prefectureRiverArea ratio (3.9%)[43]
    • Sunny days-2011 sunny days in 58
    • River width (Arakawa)-2,537 m
    • High population density (Wabi city)
    • Productive age (active generation from 15 to 64 years old) Population ratio
    • Educational cost ratio-32.00% (2012)
    • School/prep school fees
    • Magazine/book purchase costs
    • Number of library loans per person-Saitama City (since the Urawa City era)
    • National High School Soccer ChampionshipOf the prefectural representative schoolsWinNumber of times, number of wins (but postwar)
    • National High School Quiz ChampionshipNumber of wins in- Saitama Prefectural Urawa High School
    • Hina doll,May dollProduction (main production areas: Iwatsuki Ward, Saitama City, Konosu City, Koshigaya City)
    • TumulusThe size of-in GyodaMarugraveyama Tumulus
    • Carp streamer production (main production area: Kazo City)
    • ice creamShipment amount (main production area: Fukaya City)
    • pastaConsumption (main consumption area: Saitama City (*in the former Urawa area))
    • LeekYield (2004% domestic share in 14. Main production area: Fukaya City)
    • Broccoli yield (2004% domestic share in 15. Main production area: Fukaya City)
    • KomatsunaYield (2004% domestic share in 14. Main production area: Iruma-gun)
    • cakeConsumption (main consumption area: Saitama City *In the former Urawa City area)
    • dressingConsumption of
    • CD playerProduction of
    • mechanical pencilProduction of
    • Tabi production (main production area: Gyoda City)
    • Chinese noodleShipping amount
    • MedicineProduction
    • Japan's largestShopping center -Of KoshigayaAEON Lake Town
    • World's largest launchfireworks - Kounosu Fireworks Festival
    • BicycleOwnership[44](76.9% (FY2008))
    • One of the largest in the worldSpillwayFacility-Kasukabe city outer spillway
    • Number of voluntary crime prevention groups-5,803 (2013)[43]
    • Length of zelkova trees (about 17km.Kitaurawa StationFrom the entrance intersection (Urawa Ward, Saitama City)Nishiarai TownIntersection (Tokorozawa City)[Annotation 3]

    Sports

    baseball
    サ ッ カ ー
    rugby
    volleyball
    basketball
    handball
    Table tennis
    • T League(T Premier League/Men's)
      • TT Saitama(Although all of Saitama Prefecture are home towns, Saitama City is the main activity area. The tentative name is "Team Saitama.")
    Road race
    Sumo room
    Boxing gym
    Professional wrestling group

    Public competition

    With Saitama Prefecture in JapanFukuokaonlyPublic competitionThere are 4 typesHorse racing(Local horse racing),Bicycle race,Boat racing(boat race),Auto raceAll the stadiums of.

    Sightseeing and historic sites

    About important cultural property of countryList of important cultural properties in the Kanto region,List of important cultural properties of buildings in the Kanto areaSee.

    country'sRegistered tangible cultural propertyaboutCategory: Saitama Prefecture registered tangible cultural property, About prefecture designated cultural propertyList of Saitama designated cultural propertiesSee.

    "Lucky ☆ Star","that flowerSince it has become the stage of many popular manga and anime, etc., we are focusing on utilizing animation and manga as a tourism promotion,Anitama FestivalWas held, and in 2014 the 1st "Saitama Anime Sacred Land Project Conference" was held.[45], 2015 winner of Saitama City New Business AwardUrawa no Tone, And in 2022, the sequel "Musashino!"

    Foreign relations

    Saitama Prefecture has a friendly relationship with the following areas.

    Country/NameYears
    Mexican flag Mexico-State of Mexico1979
    Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China-Shanxi Province1982
    Australian flag Australia-Queensland1984
    United States flag America-Ohio1990
    German flag Germany-Brandenburg1998
    United States flag America·California(plans)
    Italian flag Italy-Turin(plans)
    Italian flag Italy·Milan(plans)

    person

    Saitama Prefectural Honor Award (Saitama Grand Prix)

    List of winners/groups. For other prefecture awardsAya no Kuni Service Award,Eiichi Shibusawa Award,, (formerly known as "Saitama Shine Ogino Ginko Award"),Hanawa Kiichi AwardThere is.

    Works set in Saitama Prefecture

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Musashi countryKitama-gunThere was Kanagawa prefecture in 1872-1893, but it was also adjacent to the prefecture.
    2. ^ Gunji was a lifelong system of powerful local Australians, so by means of arson in Shogura, which is the most important in the county, and aiming to defeat Gunji, it occurred in the eastern part of the late 8th to 9th centuries.
    3. ^ An explanation board titled "The most keyaki trees in Japan" is located near the Kita Urawa Station entrance intersection,ShimookuboIt is installed near the intersection (Sakura Ward, Saitama City) and near the Kumano Shrine East Intersection (Tokorozawa City).

    Source

    1. ^ List of main financial indicators of local governments in 27(Excluding Tokyo)
    2. ^ "Areas by prefecture"(19 area), Geographical Survey Institute.
    3. ^ (February 2015, 2). “Planned exhibition at the rich rivers and prefectural archives seen on a pictorial map”. Tokyo Newspaper(Chunichi Shimbun)
    4. ^ a b Tanigawa Akihide 2017, pp. 35–37.
    5. ^ Saitama. "01 Land/Weather”(Japanese). 2020/8/8Browse.
    6. ^ "41.1 degrees in Saitama and Kumagaya, highest in history of observation in Tokyo and 40.8 degrees in Ome". Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2018, 7). 2019/2/10Browse.
    7. ^ "Extremely hot weather in Japan observed at 41.1 degrees Celsius". BBC NEWS JAPAN. with the BBC (September 2018, 7). 2019/2/10Browse.
    8. ^ Regional plans Saitama Prefecture website, viewed in November 2010
    9. ^ Community Health Plan Saitama Prefecture website, viewed in November 2010.
    10. ^ Area for announcement of weather warnings / warnings and weather forecasts (Saitama Prefecture)(Japan Meteorological Agency, viewed May 2021, 12)
    11. ^ Tashiro Tashiro, Hiroshi Shiono, Masao Shigeta, Takeshi Morita "History of Saitama Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co. June 1999
    12. ^ Hiroshi Shiono "Hunting and Gathering and Agriculture" 12 pages
    13. ^ Misato City Overview (PDF) www.city.misato.lg.jp Retrieved October 2021, 10.
    14. ^ "The Age of Tumulus" Gyoda City Board of Education(Retrieved September 2016, 12)
    15. ^ "History" Genkoji Cultural Property Research Site(Retrieved September 2016, 12)
    16. ^ Hiroshi Shiono "Shinsai Sword and the Rise of Musashikuni", page 56
    17. ^ Saitama Prefecture Day: Saitama Prefecture Home Page
    18. ^ "Weekly metropolitan area-exilave, drama on the line-". Asahi Shimbun (Asahi Shimbun). (December 2010, 5) 
    19. ^ “About business license for Metropolitan Chuo Expressway Expressway (Chuo Expressway)” (PDF) (Press Release), NEXCO East Japan, (March 2018, 3), http://www.e-nexco.co.jp/pressroom/press_release/head_office/h30/0330/pdfs/pdf.pdf 2018/4/5Browse. 
    20. ^ Saitama Internet broadcasting
    21. ^ Saitama Prefecture Economic Calculation
    22. ^ Prefectural economic calculation by the Cabinet Office Archived August 2010, 2, at the Wayback Machine.
    23. ^ World Economic Outlook Database
    24. ^ Latest version of Geography of Japan 5 "Kanto region" 39 pages
    25. ^ Estimate of reception area (Tokyo Metropolitan Television)
    26. ^ Ciba Tele reception guide
    27. ^ Target of broadcasting area (Maebashi station) (A-PAB)
    28. ^ "Information from FM NACK5 Sales Department”. FM NACK5. As of September 2019, 9originalMore archives.2021/3/3Browse.
    29. ^ Broadcasting target area of ​​the broadcasting station that conducts foreign language broadcasting among the ultra-high frequency broadcasting performed by general broadcasting companies according to the provisions of 2) (2) (1) c of the Basic Plan for Broadcasting Promotion (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)
    30. ^ About InterFM (viewed June 2014, 6)
    31. ^ "TOKYO FM resume”. River Planning Division, Water and Disaster Management Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. As of October 2020, 10originalMore archives.2021/2/6Browse.
    32. ^ TOKYO FM becomes clearer in western Tokyo! Saitama: Southwest
    33. ^ TOKYO FM × Tokyo Tower Summit New Antenna Transmission Memorial TOWER OF LOVE(Retrieved September 2018, 11)
    34. ^ FM Gunma Sales Department Listening Area
    35. ^ Overview of J-WAVE (viewed on June 2014, 6)
    36. ^ Estimated electric field strength for ultra-high frequency broadcasting (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, archive as of March 2011, 3) (PDF) .
    37. ^ Company Information (Yokohama FM Broadcasting)
    38. ^ bayfm cover area (PDF)
    39. ^ Guidance of radio CM How far does the radio wave reach?
    40. ^ List of completed terrestrial digital broadcasting -Digital Broadcasting Promotion Association
    41. ^ "White Paper on Transportation in 45" Section 1 Passenger Transportation / 3 Commuting Commuting Transportation --Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (viewed December 2019, 12)
    42. ^ The first and last stations on the Yurakucho Line and Fukutoshin Line will be the direct boundary with the Tobu-Tojo Line.Wakoshi StationHowever, since Wakoshi Station is under the jurisdiction of Tobu Railway, there is no station under the jurisdiction of Tokyo Metro in Saitama Prefecture.
    43. ^ a b Saitama Prefecture's proud story -Saitama Prefecture (2015 July 7), viewed 23 May 2016.
    44. ^ “Tonegawa Bicycle Path: The best in Japan! 170km, all lines open in a day”. Daily jp (Mainichi Newspaper). (May 2011, 5). originalArchived as of October 2011, 6.. https://web.archive.org/web/20110604045237/http://mainichi.jp/select/wadai/news/20110601k0000m040152000c.html 2011/6/2Browse. 
    45. ^ The 1st Saitama Anime Sacred Land Project Meeting is held! Saitama Prefecture Industrial and Labor Department, April 2014, 4

    References

    Related item

    外部 リンク

    Predecessor
    Shinobi prefecture, Iwatsuki prefecture, Urawa prefecture
    Part of Chiba Prefecture (west of Edogawa, Shimosa Province)
    Part of Kumagaya Prefecture (Musashikuni)
    Changes in administrative districts
    1871-
    Next generation
    -----

     

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