I can't go to work because the school is closed or closed! What kind of support can parents and businesses receive with the "subsidy for elementary school leave, etc."?
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The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare is encouraging companies to introduce and utilize special paid leave using the "subsidy for elementary school leave, etc." set up at prefectural labor bureaus nationwide.
With the rapid spread of the new coronavirus, elementary schools and nursery schools are closed and closed one after another nationwide.Also closed school ... → Continue reading
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Prefectural Labor Bureau
Prefectural Labor Bureau(Todofukenroudoukyo,English name: Prefectural Labor Bureau)Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare OfLocal branch officeIt is one of the above, and it is installed in all prefectures. The name "prefectural labor bureau" is a general term under the law, and individually, like "Tokyo labor bureau", "prefectural place name part + labor bureau" is the official name (however,HokkaidoIs "Hokkaido Labor Bureau"). 「都道府県労働局」という冠付きの総称のためBecause it is a generic term with the crown "Prefectural Labor Bureau"Prefectures(Municipalities) Is sometimes misunderstood, but it is a local agency of the country, and the staff members belong to it.government officialIt has become.
Reorganization of central ministriesPrior to2000/In April (12), the Prefectural Labor Standards Bureau, the Prefectural Women's and Boys' Office, and the Prefectural Employment Security Office, which were the local local agencies of the Ministry of Labor at that time, were integrated and established as the Prefectural Labor Bureau.
Main duties include labor consultation, detection of labor law violations, workers' accident compensation insurance,employment insurance Collection of fees, employment placement andunemploymentPrevention of.Also,Criminal procedure codeupperCharges/accusesIt is also ahead.
In recent years,UnionDue to the decline ofWorking conditionsDeteriorationemploymentIs progressing, and many consultations regarding troubles between labor and management have been received., Also so-calledCamouflage contractVarious labor law violations by employers, such as violations of the Worker Dispatching Law, are also being instructed by the Bureau one after another.
It can be said that the role of the bureau is becoming more and more important, but in December 2008Nihon Keizai Shimbunaccording toDecentralization Reform Promotion CommitteeThe recommendation of the Prefectural Labor Bureau includes the block organization of the Prefectural Labor Bureau, and the work of the Public Employment Security Office (Hello Work) is required to be delegated to the prefectural government.Decentralization Reform Promotion Committee,National Governors' Association, Advocate the doshusei systemKeidanren-Keizai DoyukaiIt has been proposed by such companies, and future trends are drawing attention.
Regarding the contents of past accounting, some labor bureaus have pointed out fraudulent accounting by the Board of Audit.
Jurisdiction office work
The division of duties of the prefectural labor bureauMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare LawIt is stipulated in Article 21.
- Labor contract,wagePayment,minimum wage,working time,休息,Disaster compensationOtherWorking conditionsThing about
- Thing about improvement of labor efficiency
- Thing about prohibition of use of child
- Thing about industrial safety (excluding security in mine)
- Occupational health (including determination of pneumoconiosis management classification for workers, excluding ventilation in mines and relief in the event of a disaster)
- Labor Standards Inspector Judicial police officerThing about duties to perform as
- 政府Is in chargeWorkers' compensation insuranceThing about business
- WorkerProtection andEmployee WelfareThing about
- Thing about adjustment of labor supply and demand
- Thing about employment placement and vocational guidance given by the government
- Employment placement, recruitment of workers,Labor supply businessas well as the Worker dispatch businessThing about supervision of
- Securing employment of elderly people, promoting reemployment, and securing employment opportunities
- Promotion of employment of persons with disabilities and other matters related to promotion of independence in professional life
- Public vocational trainingThing about
- Skill testThing about
- Occupational Ability Development Promotion Act (Act No. XNUMX of XNUMX) Promotion of development and improvement of vocational ability by business owners and other related parties prescribed in Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX and voluntary development and improvement of vocational ability of workers (Excluding those under the jurisdiction of other ministries)
- Working youthwelfareThing about promotion of
- Ensuring equal opportunities and treatment for men and women in the field of employment
- Promotion of welfare of workers who raise children or provide family care and other matters related to family problems of workers
- Thing about promotion of welfare of part-time worker
- Thing about promotion of welfare of homeworker
- Thing about family labor problem and domestic servant
- Thing about labor problem to affect characteristic of female worker
- Improving the status of women in labor and other issues related to women in labor
- Social insurance laborerThing about
- Demographic statisticsas well as the Monthly Labor SurveyThing about
- General Affairs Department
- General Affairs Division, Planning Office, Labor Insurance Collection Division (Room)
- Labor Standards Department
- Supervision section, wage section (room), health and safety section (Tokyo, Osaka, Kanagawa, Aichi, etc. are divided into safety section and health section), workers' accident compensation section
- Employment Security Department
- Employment Security Division, Occupational Measures Division, Supply and Demand Adjustment Business Division (Room), Local Training Participant Support Division (Room)
- Equal Employment Room
The personnel affairs of employees are carried out in each of the three departments of labor standards system, employment stability system, and employment equality system. Until now, personnel exchanges between departments have hardly been carried out, but in recent years, organizational reforms have been carried out. As part of this, personnel exchanges between systems are being promoted.
There is also a difference in the consciousness of the staff, and in general, the staff of the labor standard system has a strong consciousness of the control organization, and the staff of the employment stability system has a high consciousness of the service organization. For this reason, there are few opportunities to share information, and mutual trust has been weakened, but in recent years, cooperation is progressing due to the increase in exchanges between systems due to the establishment of the Labor Bureau.
- Labor standards system staff were hired after passing the Labor Standards Inspector ExaminationLabor Standards Inspector, There are welfare labor clerk and welfare labor engineer who passed the national civil servant type II / III examination and were hired. There is a considerable difference in the speed of promotion / promotion between the Labor Standards Inspector and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare / Health Labor Engineer, and only the Labor Standards Inspector can be appointed as the Chief of the Labor Standards Inspection Office (however, it is fixed). Under the requirements of, there is a government ordinance inspector system that allows even a welfare labor clerk to become the director of the Labor Standards Inspection Office.) In addition, the personnel treatment of those who have passed the national civil service class II is in a dangling form, and the quotas for positions equivalent to the chief of the Labor Bureau and the chief of the Labor Standards Inspection Office are the Chief of the Labor Insurance Collection Division (Room) and the Wage Division ( In many cases, it is only the chief of the office), but in recent years it has also been appointed as the chief of the workers' accident compensation section (the rest is assigned to the labor standards inspector, etc.).
- The only employees of the employment stability system are the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare clerk who passed the national civil service type II / III examination and was hired. The speed of promotion is basically the same as that of the welfare labor clerk and welfare labor engineer of the labor standards system, but not all can be appointed as directors of the Public Employment Security Office, so there is a gradual difference in the speed of promotion / promotion. Is attached to select future director candidates.
- The only employees of the equal employment system are the welfare labor clerk who passed the national civil service type II examination and was hired, and the ratio of female employees is overwhelmingly large. The speed of promotion is basically the same as that of the welfare labor clerk and welfare labor engineer of the labor standards system and the employment stability system. Due to the small number of staff, personnel management is carried out collectively by the head office of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and wide-area transfers beyond the boundaries of prefectures are obligatory.
Personnel of executives (executive staff of departments, sections, and branch offices)
- It is said that the director of the prefectural labor bureau is assigned by a labor standards inspector, but this does not mean that only hires (growth) who have been examined by the labor standards inspector can be promoted to the director. Rather, it was actually adopted in other testsMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare OfCareers,Non-carrierIn most cases, he will be appointed as a labor standards inspector and then take up the post of director. This is because the Labor Bureau is in charge of job security work in addition to the Labor Standards Inspection, so there is little need for a living Labor Standards Inspector to become the head, unlike the Labor Standards Inspection Office.
- The director of a large-scale labor bureau is designated job No. 3 (only the director of the Tokyo Labor Bureau) or No. 2, and in other labor bureaus, the director of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare is a section chief to a manager (10 to 7 grade) or a non-carrier. Become.
- The director of the Labor Bureau will be a career or non-career of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare's assistant chief section chief to room manager level (about 6 to 7 levels). Local staff of each prefectural labor bureau may be appointed as the director of the employment stability system.
- Although the head of the Equal Employment Office of the Labor Bureau is considered to be a department manager-equivalent position within the department, it does not have a subordinate organization, and the organizational scale of the Equalization Office is equivalent to that of the standard system and stable system.
- The section / office manager of the Labor Bureau will be a career or non-career of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare's assistant section chief (about 5 to 6 levels), as well as the labor standards inspection chief level and public stable occupation among the local staff of each prefectural labor bureau. Director-level staff will be appointed.
Each labor bureau
Taizi ThePersonnel block backbone (Hokkaido, Miyagi, Saitama, Tokyo, Niigata, Aichi, Osaka, Hiroshima, Kagawa, Fukuoka)
- ^ "Power harassment: the most slanderous and abusive words in labor consultations such as" stupid ""Mainichi Shimbun. (August 2013, 5) 2013/6/1Browse.
- Labor Bureau
- Labor Standards Inspection Office
- Public Employment Security Office(Hello Work)
- Prefectural Labor Bureau Director Registered Training Institution
- Labor insurance examiner
- Labor regulations
- Working conditions
- Laws related to work style reform