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👩‍🎓 | Exploring the construction of liberal arts education ... Gakushuin Women's University Symposium 5/28


Photo Exploring the construction of liberal arts education ... Gakushuin Women's University Symposium 5/28

Exploring the construction of liberal arts education ... Gakushuin Women's University Symposium 5/28

 
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Aim to build a new liberal arts education for the survival of Gakushuin Women's University in Post Corona.
 

Gakushuin Women's University will hold a symposium on May 2022, 5, "Post-Corona Liberal Arts Education and Survivor of the University ..." → Continue reading

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Gakushuin Women's University

Gakushuin Women's University(Gakushuinjodaigaku,English: Gakushuin Women's College) IsTokyoShinjukuToyamaHeadquarters located at 3-20-1Japan OfPrivate universities.1998/Was installed in.Abbreviation of university TheGakushuin(Gakujo).

History

Prehistory

1847/(Hiroka4 years),Emperor NitakaProvided byLearning place OfWomen's subjectIs the origin.Meiji governmentUntil thenDaming-Official houseTheEthnic familyAnd focused on that education.As a school for the Chinese1877/(MeijiIt was established in 10 years)GakuinIs.Women's subject1885/(Meiji 18)Kazoku Girls' SchoolAfter being reorganized into1906/It was absorbed by Gakushuin University in (Meiji 39) and became its female faculty.

Women's faculty1918/(Taisho7 years),Gakushuin Women's InstituteSeparated and became independent.Gakushuin Women's Institute is the beginningNagata Town OfLandIt was installed in, but it caught a fire andAoyama training groundBorrow the site of1918/(Taisho 7) Completed the new school building[1], Relocated on August 8, the same year[2].. May 11, same year,Empress SadaakiHeld the opening ceremony in attendance[3].

Pacific War(Great East Asian War) Late1945/(Showa20) May, by the U.S. militaryTokyo air raidThe school building was destroyed by fire (Yamanote air raid)[1].

After the defeat of Japan1947/(Showa 22) With the abolition of the Gakushuin / Women's Gakushuin school system, which is the basis law, it merged with the Gakushuin again to become the Gakushuin Foundation.MiyauchiIt was decided to change from a public school under the jurisdiction to a private school.The former school site of Gakushuin Women's Institute, which was destroyed by air raids, is nowChichibunomiya Rugby FieldWas in the place of[1].

History

1948/(Showa23 years),High school-high school(Gakushuin High SchoolIncluding) For graduatesVarious schoolsAs a result, a one-year "Gakushuin Women's Liberal Arts Academy" was established, which is the origin of the university.

  • 1948/(23) --May, Gakushuin Women's Graduate School opened.
  • In August of the same year, the Graduate School of WomenGovernor of TokyoGakushuin Women's Liberal Arts Academy (Liberal Arts Department, Dressmaking Special Course, Dressmaking Special Course Higher Course, Dressmaking Special Course Research Department (6 months system), Dressmaking Special Course Training Department (no completion deadline)) opened.
  • 1950/(Showa 25)- Gakushuin University Junior College(Department of Literature) opened.
  • 1951/(Showa 26) --Established a family life department.
  • 1952/(Showa 27) --Abolition of girls' liberal arts school.Most of the faculty and staff are transferred to the junior college department.
  • 1953/(Showa 28) --Renamed the Department of Literature to the Department of Literature and changed the Junior College Department.Gakushuin Women's Junior CollegeIs renamed.
  • 1961/(Showa 36) --Abolished the humanities department and established the humanities department.
  • 1985/(60) --Expanded the enrollment capacity from 400 to 600.
  • 1998/(Heisei10 years)- Gakushuin Women's UniversityOpening of school (4 years)UniversityMove to).At the same time, the Faculty of International Cultural Exchange will be newly established.
  • 2001/(13) --Abolished women's junior college.Credit transfer system started.
  • 2004/(16) --Established Graduate School of International Cultural Exchange (co-education).The new building No. 2 is completed.

basic data

Address

  • Toyama Campus (3-20-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo)

Symbol

school song

School emblem

Number of students enrolled

  • Approximately 1,700 (total of undergraduate and graduate schools)

Education and research

  • Faculty
    • Faculty of International Cultural Exchange
      • Department of Japanese Culture
      • Department of International Communication
      • Department of English Communication
  • Graduate school (co-education)
    • Graduate School of International Cultural Exchange
      • Department of International Cultural Exchange (Master's Program)
  • Attached facility

Student life

School festival

  • Every year, the "Yasai" (4 day) is held around April 6th, and the "Wasai" (1 days) is held from October 10th to 17th.

Employee Welfare

  • Gakushuin University has a department called "Gakushuin University" that provides various services for students, faculty and staff of Gakushuin affiliated schools in terms of welfare and school life.The chairman of the school cafeteria is the director of the school cafeteria, which runs the school cafeteria, the purchasing department, and bookstores.For this reasonUniversity student co-opThere is no.

Club activities / circle activities

1889/, As an institution for student activities of all Gakushuin students"Seijinkai" (Hojinkai)Has been established and has been the central institution for extracurricular activities of the entire Gakushuin University since then.The members of the association are officers, faculty members, students, students, children, and children from kindergartens to universities and the headquarters of Gakushuin.The chairman is also the director of the learning institute, and the members pay the membership fee (not the self-government membership fee at other universities) every year.Enroll in GakushuinroyalAnd the special meritorious person becomes an honorary member (no membership fee collection).There is a branch organization for each school under the headquarters.

All extracurricular activities such as Gakushuin's athletic club, cultural club, and self-governing body are positioned as part of the business of Gakushuin University, and receive financial support from the budget of Gakushuin University.The branch of Gakushuin Women's University is the "Gakushuin Women's University Branch", and the director of the branch is also the director of the student department of the women's university.There are athletic subcommittees (athletic associations at other universities), cultural subcommittees, and independent organizations, and the divisions officially recognized by the Keijinkai are "Gakushuin Keijinkai Women's University Branch Athletic Subcommittee ○○ Division" and "Gakushuin Keijinkai Women's University Branch". It is called "Cultural Subcommittee XX Division".In addition, because women's colleges are small, some departments are working jointly with Gakushuin University groups.As a song, "Gakushuin Sujinkai Song (New)· "Gakushuin Sujinkai Song (Old)There is.Also, as a bulletin, "Gakushuin Sujinkai Magazine』There is.In addition, there are clubs and unofficial circles that do not belong to the Sujinkai Women's University branch and are run independently.

University personnel and organizations

University related organizations

List of university personnel

Facility

Foreign relations

More informations

注 釈

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c Islands "Map of Tokyo's prewar old-fashioned walk" Soshisha, published on January 16, 1, 30st print
  2. ^ "Government Bulletin" No. 1816, April 7, 8.
  3. ^ "Government Bulletin" No. 1888, April 7, 11.

Related item

外部 リンク

Liberal Arts

Liberal Arts(British: liberal arts) Is

Both are described in this section.

Overview

The origin of liberal arts is humanFree man(Military service obligationAnd so onCitizen) And non-free people (slave)とに分けられていたAncient Greece and RomeIn, "Academic arts suitable for free people[1]".With this as the ideological source,中世欧州の大学においては七つの基礎的な学芸を指した。

Western, EspeciallyThe United States of AmericaThen mainlyProfessional graduate schoolIt is also said to have a personality as a basic education to go on to.

Incidentally,Japaneseof"artOriginally, the wordMeiji EraTo the EnlightenmentWest Zhouによってリベラル・アートの訳語として創り出された和製漢語である。

Origin

The origin of "liberal arts" is complicated, and it is difficult for even experts to explain it briefly.[2].

The etymology of the English word "liberal arts" isLatin"Artes liberales"[3]..This "Artes Riverares" isAncient greek"Encuclios Paideia" (ἐγκύκλιος παιδεία) Corresponds to[4][5][Annotation 4]..Also "Artes" (Singular: アルス, ars)は、ギリシャ語の「Techne"(art)[7].

Ancient greeceAt(English edition"Is"Education"Or"Culture'[8],Techne」は「技芸」や「学芸」を意味し、どちらも多義的かつ重要な語だった。傾向としては、「パイデイア」はFree man, "Techne"Craftsman,slaveIt had the meaning of[9]..However, even in "Techne"Rhetoric(Rhetoric) etc. belonged to a free person[7].

Against this background, the word "Encuclios pidia" isPlatoBut"CountryIt was used as a term to refer to basic departments, as explained in Volume 7.[10][Annotation 5]..That is, Platophysical education(古代ギリシャにおける体育) And Musikei (Literary arts,Poetry,古代ギリシャにおける音楽)In addition to,哲学As a boy until the age of 17, 18 in preparation for learning the questions and answers,arithmetic,Geometry,astronomyPreached that it is necessary to learn[12][Annotation 6]。プラトンによれば、これは職人のための学芸とは区別される、Ruler in his philanthropic national theoryのための学芸だった[13]..Plato's schoolAcademiaHowever, the same basic departments, that is, "Encuclios Paideia" were learned.[11]..However, the word "Encuclios Paideia" isHellenistic philosophyIt was also used in various schools, and the departments included were different.[11].

Ancient romeInキ ケ ロ"(English editionAnd '(English edition"[3],セ ネ カ"(English edition』88th letter[3][Annotation 7],Vallo Oflost book[14][Annotation 8],ア ウ グ ス テ ィ ヌ ス"(German version"[16]In various documents such as[17], "Artes Liberales" and similar expressions were used.However, even in ancient Rome, the departments included were different.[17]..For example, in Cicero's On the Ideal Orator, Vol. 3, verse 127,Ellis Hippiasの言葉を引く形で、「自由人にふさわしい高尚な学芸」(liberales doctrinae atque ingenuae)として、幾何学・音楽・文学・詩人の薀蓄・Natural science-ethics-politicsAre listed[18]..Also, unlike Plato, Kikero had rhetoric higher than philosophy.[18].

5st centuryから6st century(Late ancient RomeEarly Middle Ages)To become and,Martianus Capella,Cassiodorus,BoethiusSeveral people have decided on the seven departments included in the later "Seven Freedoms" (Septem artes liberales, seven free arts).[19]..Capella is in "The Marriage of Philologia and Mercury"Grammar・ Seven departments of rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and musicPersonificationbottom.Capella was influenced by the above Vallo[15](However, Vallo had nine departments instead of seven departments)[14]..Cassiodorus is the second volume of "Summary" of "Artes Liberales"EtymologyAfter explaining, I applied the same seven departments while being conscious of Capella.[20][21]。ボエティウスは『三位一体論』などで、カッシオドルスと同様の学芸分類を行った[21].

8st centuryから9st century(Carolingian RenaissanceWhen it comes to the period)Karl the Greatの学芸振興政策により、自由七科が教育の根幹に位置づけられ[22],Alcuin"(English edition』And the seven liberal arts were discussed[23].10st centuryTo the PopeSylvester IITreated the seven liberal arts under the influence of Boethius.12th Century RenaissanceIn the period,Chartres SchoolTheodoric ((English edition) Wrote "Heptateukon (Book of Seven Free Arts)".

13st centuryToUniversity(Studium Generale)が学芸の中心地になると、Faculty of Theology-Faculty of Law-Faculty of medicineBefore proceeding toFaculty of Arts and Sciences(Faculty of Philosophy,Faculty of Liberal ArtsTomo) taught the seven liberal arts[24].1215/To the Papal Legate(English editionPresented the first systematic curriculum of the seven liberal arts departments[25].

Also, from the early Middle Ages, "Artes Liberales" has been paired with "Artes Liberales".(English edition"(Artes mechanicae) was also theorized[26].. 12th centuryHugh of Saint VictorIs(French version], The seven techniques of textile production, armor manufacturing, commerce, agriculture, food production, medicine, and theater were designated as "Artes mechanicae".[26].

19st centuryAfter that, in the UKgentlemanEducation and usaLiberal Arts CollegeIn addition, the philosophy of the seven liberal arts was inherited.[27]..At British and American universities, the statues of the seven goddesses, which symbolize liberal arts, are often hung around the heights of the auditorium.

Message

Threefold training (Trivium

5th centuryMartianus CapellaIn "Marriage of Philologia and Mercury", Sangaku (Trivium, Trivium) is implied, but the term came to be usedCarolingian RenaissancePeriod (8st century - 9st century)ofAlcuinFrom[20], Coined following the "quadrivium" in the next section[28].

Four families (quadrivium)

belowMathPlato'sProtagoras』Telled toEllis HippiasOr in the 6th-7th centuriesIsidoreAlthough it is done by, the four departments are "(English edition"(Quadrivium, four roads) is called in the 6th centuryBoethiusBegins with[6].

Liberal arts in Japan

Liberal arts education in Japan

The major difference between liberal arts education in Japan and the United States is that "liberal arts college" in the United States presupposes that students study a wide range of basic fields in the undergraduate school and then go on to graduate school, whereas in Japan. The point is that the graduate school enrollment rate of students who have completed liberal arts is low.In other respects, Japan is showing its own development.Liberal arts education in Japan "cultivates general-purpose thinking ability by touching various knowledge.[29]Can be divided into three main types.[30].

  • ① Slow specialization
    Slow specialization (British: late specialization)とは大学入学時には細かく専攻を決めず、基礎分野である人文科学・社会科学・自然科学を網羅的に幅広く学べる課程を据え、学びながら専攻を自分で決めていくという過程のことである。米国の「リベラル・アーツ・カレッジ(教養)→大学院(専門)」というプロセスと同じ構造である。学生にとっては、「実際に学びながら、自分の専攻を垣根なくじっくりと選ぶことができる」というメリットがある。後述の「学際系」の分野も専攻の対象に含まれる。Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo,International Christian Universityが、人文科学・社会科学・自然科学を網羅しており、この形式を採っている。
  • ② Interdisciplinary system
    日本で生まれている独自のリベラル・アーツ教育。専門分野を持ちながらも、複数の学術分野を横断した教育が行われる。主に以下の2パターンに大別される。
  • ③ Case where only international liberal arts education is conducted throughout the four years
    Installed after 2000Faculty of International Liberal ArtsIs in this format (Waseda University,Akita International University,Hosei UniversitySuch).There are no majors in science fields such as natural sciences and mathematics, and even if there are lectures in these fields, they are often only at the general level.The internationality has been brought out in a straightforward manner, and even from the students, "I was able to learn broadly and shallowly, but it was too shallow," "the professors have not been able to exert their full potential," and "(in one field such as economics) step by step. Since it is not possible to study systematically, there is no difference in level between beginners, intermediates, and advanced students. "" It is too wide and shallow to know what you have studied after all. " However, in Japan, there are voices pointing out the weakness of specialization, such as "It is a dead end without going on to graduate school. It is impossible."[34].

History

Mathematician and president of several universitiesKunio OguchiIs the book "What are Liberal Arts? -The Historical Genealogy"[35]so,Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of TokyoInternational Christian University (ICU) The Faculty of Liberal Arts is listed as a representative of liberal arts educational institutions in Japan.

FormerTokyo UniversityIt is,Second World WarpreviousOld high schoolIt inherits the tradition of. When the old high school was reorganized into a four-year university after the war, many universitiesLiberal Arts Department(General educationCourse ・Liberal arts course) Has played the role of liberal arts education. However, the University of Tokyo has a distinctive feature in that the College of Liberal Arts, not the College of Liberal Arts, is established as an independent faculty.

後者のICUは米国のリベラル・アーツ・カレッジを範として戦後作られたものであり、人文科学・社会科学・自然科学の3領域を網羅し、専攻を自分で選ぶ教育を少人数で行う点、そしてAmerican Academy for Liberal EducationIt is different from the traditional Japanese universities in that it provides world-class education such as being certified by. ICU's education system, which is characterized by liberal arts education and internationality, will be inherited by many universities thereafter.

またOld high schoolExamples of universities with a history fromUrawa High SchoolTo succeedSaitama UniversityWas originally installed in 1965Faculty of Liberal ArtsReorganized to[36].. Other universities with a history from the old high schoolLiberal Arts DepartmentHas been reorganized into an interdisciplinary faculty.Kyoto UniversityFaculty of Comprehensive Human Sciences(Third high school),Faculty of Informatics, Nagoya University(Eighth High School),Hiroshima UniversityFaculty of Comprehensive Science(Hiroshima High School), etc., is independent as an interdisciplinary department.

In addition, the national predecessor of the normal schoolUniversity of Education TheGhqAt the direction of the United StatesLiberal Arts Collegeを範として戦後に設立された大学である。これらの大学は、人文科学、社会科学、自然科学および芸術の専攻からなる少人数教育を行なっており、1970年前後に国の方針で教育大学Faculty of EducationBefore being reorganized into, it was drawn from the free arts, which is a translation of liberal arts.Gakugei UniversityFaculty of Arts and SciencesIt was the name. Note thatTokyo Gakugei UniversityIs a liberal artsOsaka University of EducationHas established an Liberal Arts Department to provide modern liberal arts education. Similarly, it was modeled after Liberal Arts CollegeTsuda CollegeStill uses the name Faculty of Arts and Sciences.

From the beginning of the 21st century, it was limited to the social sciences and humanities majors and their surrounding interdisciplinary majors and business majors.Faculty of International Liberal ArtsEtc. are conspicuous, as an exampleWaseda UniversityEstablishment of faculties in Japan and public university corporationsAkita International Universityの設立が挙げられる。本来は人文科学・社会科学・自然科学の3領域の基礎分野すべてを網羅するのが現代のリベラル・アーツの基本であるが、日本においては戦前の旧制高等学校の「文科と理科」及び戦後の高等学校の「Humanities and sciences」の分類が先行し、「リベラル・アーツ」を掲げつつもいわゆる文系分野が主たる領域となって3領域すべてをカバーしない(例えば、ビジネス専攻と社会科学系・国際系の学際領域専攻のみに限定され、芸術学や宗教学や数学や物理学などの専攻ができず、またEducation staff licenseThere may be a bias in the fields in which you can major, such as (you can only acquire English). In particular, there are often no majors in the natural sciences.

As mentioned above, many universities have established faculties and programs that support liberal arts education (or interdisciplinary education that does not necessarily specify a direct relationship with liberal arts) by reorganizing the traditional general education and liberal arts courses. Taking advantage of its rich faculty structure, fields that can be extended from these have also been dealt with. In addition, there is also an initiative for a system such as credit transfer throughout the university.

なお一部で「教養学」という言葉を、学術の体系化されたいち分野として用いることがある[1][2][3]が、「教養学」という名称を「学術の一分野」として用いた学術団体は2012年時点で存在していない。例として2011年に設立された学術団体であるJAILA(日本国際教養学会)を挙げると、同会は会則で「学際的立場」を基礎としており、「学際的な学会」として研究活動を「哲学、歴史、社会科学、自然科学、芸術、教育、外国語、環境など」[4]It only shows the point that it is expanded in many directions.

Universities that provide liberal arts education

A university that provides liberal arts education at the College of Liberal Arts

Universities that provide liberal arts education in international faculties, etc.

Universities that provide liberal arts education in the Faculty of Education

University that provides liberal arts education in the Faculty of Science and Engineering

Women's college with a focus on liberal arts education

Universities with faculties that provide interdisciplinary education

Universities with cross-faculty liberal arts education programs

The programs of the four universities of Tokyo Keizai, Okayama, Kochi, and Kyushu are not independent faculties, but special courses in which all faculties work together to provide education. Students will be issued a unique student ID, not the individual faculty.

Various schools that provide liberal arts education

More informations

TokyoHachioji CityIt is inUniversity Seminar HouseThe symbol mark of is a green stump on a white background, but the seven leaves attached to it represent the seven liberal arts.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ 国家・地域によって、この位置づけの変化が起きた年代は微妙に異なる。英国,France,Germanyそれぞれでも異なった。また、個々の大学でも異なった。
  2. ^ 円運動についての学術。現在のGeographyClose to.
  3. ^ ここでいう「音楽」の教育の範疇は、現代の音楽教育のそれとは異なる。
  4. ^ "Encuclios" is an adjective that means "in a circle," "circular," and then "normal," "everyday," and "generally done."[6].
  5. ^ XenocratesBy guessing from fragments etc.[11].
  6. ^ プラトン自身は、立方体(3次元)に関する研究もなされるべきとするが、学術としては未開拓のまま残されているとして具体的な科目を挙げていない。
  7. ^ It is from this Seneca letter that "Artes Liberales" is associated with "Encuclios Paideia".[4].
  8. ^ 12st centuryChartres SchoolTheodoric ((English edition)'S "Heptateukon" (book of seven liberal arts)[15].

Source

  1. ^ Handa 2010, p. 38.
  2. ^ Hishikari 2010, p. 37.
  3. ^ a b c Suzuki 2019, p. 35.
  4. ^ a b Notomi 2014, p. 72.
  5. ^ Kobayashi 2007, p. 7.
  6. ^ a b Kobayashi 2007, p. 4.
  7. ^ a b Hishikari 2010, p. 31.
  8. ^ Yamada 2008, p. 218.
  9. ^ Yamada 2014, p. 217.
  10. ^ Yamada 2008, p. 218f.
  11. ^ a b c Notomi 2014, p. 70f.
  12. ^ "Country』Volume 7
  13. ^ "Nation (bottom)" (Iwanami Shoten)Fujisawa NorioTranslation of
  14. ^ a b Kobayashi 2007, p. 6.
  15. ^ a b Handa 2010, p. 158.
  16. ^ Yamakawa 2005, p. 136.
  17. ^ a b Kobayashi 2007, p. 10.
  18. ^ a b Suzuki 2019, p. 36.
  19. ^ Handa 2010, p. 155.
  20. ^ a b Hishikari 2010, p. 38.
  21. ^ a b Handa 2010, p. 156.
  22. ^ Handa 2010, p. 157.
  23. ^ Written by Arquinus, translated by Yuko Yamazaki 1992.
  24. ^ Hishikari 2010, p. 42.
  25. ^ Hishikari 2010, p. 44.
  26. ^ a b Saito 1995, p. 11.
  27. ^ Yamada 2008, p. 217.
  28. ^ Marrou, Henri-Irénée (1969). "Les arts libéraux dans l'Antiquité classique". Pp. 6–27 in Arts libéraux et philosophie au Moyen Âge. Paris: Vrin; Montréal: Institut d'étu des médiévales). Pp. 18–19.
  29. ^ From the special site "what's liberal arts" of International Christian University
  30. ^ "University Times" Vol.2, July 2011
  31. ^ Foreign language department,Faculty of Economics,Faculty of Law
  32. ^ Cross-Faculty Program,andForeign language department
  33. ^ Faculty of International Liberal Arts
  34. ^ From Waseda University Reiko Tsuchiya Seminar Journal "What is the charm of liberal arts?"
  35. ^ Large 2014.
  36. ^ "History of Saitama University”. As of May 2015, 2original[Broken link]More archives.2015/6/25Browse.
  37. ^ "Faculty of Global Liberal Arts | Kanda University of International Studies”(Japanese). Kanda University of International Studies-If you want to learn a foreign language. 2021/2/4Browse.

References

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