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💼 | "Some people who find employment in pachinko parlors and supermarkets even in the engineering department of national universities" The harsh job hunting of the glacial generation

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"Some people find employment in pachinko parlors and supermarkets even in the engineering department of national universities."

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However, it seems that men are currently working as planning, marketing, management, and managers with an annual income of 950 million yen.

It goes without saying that job hunting during the Employment Ice Age was difficult, but the harshness can only be understood by asking the parties concerned.tree… → Continue reading

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950 million yen per year


Management(Kanrisoku)EnglishManagerJob is at the workplaceWorkerCommand組織Refers to the person who manages.

Unless otherwise noted below,JapanI will describe the case in.

Manager Definition

government officialabout,National Civil Service LawThere are provisions such as administrative staff according to Article 108-2 Paragraph 3, specificallyHR rules17-0 (July 41, 7) defines the range of administrative staff. This may be the case for general staff. The “management staff” referred to in the “management staff special duty allowance” is not related to the management staff referred to in Rule 9-17.

Labor union lawInBoard Member,Hiring,Dismissal, Promotion orTransferIs authorized as a labor union if it permits the participation of workers in a supervisory position with authority regarding Managers oftenUnionInterpreted as having no right to join or form. However, even if the term “manager” is used in a word, the actual situation varies, and it is necessary to actually consider whether or not a person can become a union member. As a labor union for managers,Tokyo Management Union(Kanto)-"Nagoya Management Union" (Chubu) "Management Union Kansai" etc. are organized.

Private enterprisesandAdministrative position OfCivil servantThen "ManagerThe above applies to this,EducationIn the civil servant ofhead teacher-Professor(Chief of Education(Some prefectures include) are applicable. Also, as a school employee, he is a representative of the office workmanagerAlso corresponds to a managerial position.

Differences between managers and managers

The provisions of this Convention are that the supervisor is in control.
Or it does not apply to those who handle confidential affairs.
ILO Convention No. 1 Article 2 (a)

Labor Standards Act“Person in supervisory or management position” referred to in Article 41 No. 2 (generallyManagers and supervisorsOf the lawworking time,Days OffSince the provisions regardingovertime work-Holiday laborYou canPremium wageThere is no obligation to pay.

This "manager" is a completely different concept from the "manager" explained in this section, and is notified by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.[1]It is said that it will meet the conditions such as "one position with the manager", "freedom to work and leave", "treatment appropriate to the position", etc... However, the “manager” and other jobs that are merely internal systems are treated as “management supervisors”,Service overtimeIn the 2006 survey, 7% of companies did not pay overtime pay because the section chief who did not have "freedom to go to work" did not pay overtime pay.[2].. See belowManagersIn response to the problem, we issued a notification in 2008 "Regarding the proper range of managers and supervisors in retail stores, restaurants, etc. that operate in multiple stores."[3]Was issued, and the scope of management supervisors in retail stores, etc. was clarified.Managers do not have overtime pay, but managers who do not have overtime pay refer to "people who have a great deal of discretion".Time-cardIt is highly illegal for people who are time-managed to not get paid overtime[4].

Required ability

There are some differences depending on the company, industry, organizational structure, etc., but one example is given as the main ability required of managers.

Major abilities required of managers
PositionRequired ability
ManagerVision/policy planning ability, strategic thinking, leadership
ManagerManagement/development ability, leadership, problem formation/solving ability of subordinates
ChiefBusiness performance/knowledge,communicationAbility, problem formation/solving ability

Note: The survey target is 2,858 companies arbitrarily selected by the survey body. 133 companies (recovery rate 4.7%) answered. Survey period October-November 2007
Source: Corporate and Human Resources January 2008th, 1th, 5 (AIST

Number of years until getting a position

New graduatesPositionThe number of years until reaching is given as an example.

Number of years until getting a position
PositionaverageMost layers
(5 year break)

Note: The survey target is 2,858 companies arbitrarily selected by the survey body. 133 companies (recovery rate 4.7%) answered. Survey period October-November 2007
Source: Corporate and Human Resources January 2008th, 1th, 5 (AIST

The problem of "namely managers"

As mentioned above, a "manager" is a person who "should participate in (can participate in) management".overtime payIs not obligatory, butCompanyIn some cases, for the purpose of reducing labor costs due to overtime pay, "managers" who are merely internal company systems are regarded as "managers" and no overtime pay is paid.[5]..In this way, in terms of regarding those who are not originally managers and supervisors as managers and supervisors, it is considered that "name-only managers" is a more accurate expression than "name-only managers". , "Name-only managers" are more well-known, so in this section, the expressions will be unified as "name-only managers".These "name-only managers" are assigned to "managers" without gaining sufficient experience.Service overtime (long working hours), and low compared to the amount of laborwageThere are many people who get sick in these "namely managers" who are overused by companies (such as managers described later).[5].. In a malicious case,EmployeeGive everyone a title and treat them as "managerial",Labor Standards ActThere are some cases in which the regulation of[6]..Such "name-only managers" are characterized by the fact that overtime pay is not paid, so the total salary is often lower than that of regular employees without job titles, and there are many companies that abuse it. in the process of[2].

The problem of such "namely managers"LawsuitOther than that,社会Strong criticism from[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15].. In this situation,convenience storeLargestSeven-Eleven JapanHowever, there has been a movement to announce that overtime pay will be paid to the managers of "directly managed stores" who have not paid overtime pay as managers in the past (however,).At the same time, drastically reduce the length of the storeThe amount of salary is said to be almost unchanged because it was offset by[16]. AlsoAoyama TradingStarted paying overtime pay, and McDonald's Japan also had a dispute with the manager who is said to be "a managerial manager"trialIn the first trialDefeatAfter that, he announced a policy to pay overtime pay to the manager. HoweverJapan McDonald'sDoes not increase the total labor cost, soService overtimeSome point out that it will only increase[17].

Training for managers

The following are well known as training for managers.


  1. ^ 22th base dated September 9, 13, 17th base dated March 63, 3.
  2. ^ a b Close-up 2008: Rampant "name-only managers" low wage policy, in the background-Mainichi jp (Mainichi Shimbun) Mainichi Shimbun May 2008, 5 Tokyo morning edition
  3. ^ No. 20 (based on September 9, 9)Tokyo Labor Bureau page).
  4. ^ June 2018, 7 Chunichi Shimbun 16 pages
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ “One title with zero overtime pay, all employees have a title” Distributed on May 2007, 05 Asahi Shimbun
  7. ^ Tokyo Shimbun editorial "Ichizuka that eliminates "cruel" by managers"
  8. ^ Only managerial issues, store managers request strict application of management and supervisory standards
  9. ^ 70 "general managers", just the name, recommended corrections to the Kitakyushu Medical Center Yomiuri Shimbun May 2009, 2
  10. ^ Labor referee: Dismissal of "nominal officer" Former executive officer of Shochiku Entertainment, claiming status confirmation Mainichi Newspaper March 2009, 2
  11. ^ "Only a manager" and sued Former store manager of Izakaya chain Sankei Shimbun March 2009, 7
  12. ^ The prep school principal is not a manager... "Overtime" 985 million payment order Yomiuri Shimbun May 2009, 7
  13. ^ Named managers: Three heads of Jamme Sewing Machine Branch sued Mainichi Newspaper March 2011, 6
  14. ^ Only managers: Approve convenience store former store manager overtime pay --- Tokyo District Court Tachikawa Branch Mainichi Newspaper March 2011, 6
  15. ^ Class Cram instructor is a "name director" and there are also cases of unpaid overtime Mainichi Newspaper March 2017, 7
  16. ^ "Seven-Eleven will also pay directly managed store managers from March to pay overtime" February 3, 2008 Yomiuri Shimbun
  17. ^ Mac, over 2 store managers overtime from August..."Only managers" problem

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