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🥾 | Even though it is a natural monument ... about 17 people are crazy about the slippery ptarmigan "cute guy"


Photo The ptarmigan that attracted attention [Photo provided by Mr. Hunter 3 (@BushDo_JP)]

Even though it's a natural monument, about 17 people are fascinated by the slippery rock ptarmigan.

 
If you write the contents roughly
*The ptarmigan is designated as a “special natural monument” and a “domestic endangered species of wild fauna and flora”.
 

Ptarmigan designated as a special natural monument of Japan.It lives in the alpine zone and has been cherished as a "divine bird" since ancient times. → Continue reading

 Hint-Pot

"Hint-Pot" is a place where women living in the present can feel a little positive-a place to create such an opportunity.


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Rare wild flora and fauna

Rare wild flora and faunaWhat is (Kishoya Seidou Shokubutsushu)?Japan OfAct on Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Flora and FaunaEndangered as specified under (Species Conservation Act)Wildlife.

Overview

"Rare wild animal and plant species"Endangered speciesUnder the Law Concerning the Conservation of Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora Species for the purpose of protectingIt is specified.The grounds for designation are Articles 4 and 5 of the Law Concerning the Conservation of Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora Species, "Domestic Rare Wild Fauna and Flora Species", "International Rare Wild Fauna and Flora Species", "Urgent Designated Species" and "Specification". It is classified into "Type XNUMX domestic rare wild animal and plant species" and "Specific type XNUMX domestic rare wild animal and plant species".These are defined as follows.

Domestic rare wild animal and plant species
An endangered wild animal and plant species that inhabits and grows in Japan.Cabinet Order(Ordinance for Enforcement of the Law Concerning the Conservation of Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora Species).
International rare wild flora and fauna
Species of endangered wild animals and plants that are supposed to cooperate internationally to preserve the species, those specified by Cabinet Order.
Urgently designated species
Species of wild animals and plants other than domestic rare wild animal and plant species and international rare wild animal and plant species that are deemed to require special urgent conservation.Designated by the Minister of the Environment within a deadline of 3 years.
Specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
Among the domestic rare wild animal and plant species, it is not intended to be able to breed individuals commercially and to cooperate internationally to preserve the species (that is, it is not an international rare wild animal and plant species). thing.Due to the partial amendment of this law (enforced in June 30), it was amended from "Specified domestic rare wild animal and plant species" to "Specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species".
Specified second species Domestic rare wild animal and plant species
Among the rare wild animal and plant species in Japan, those that regulate only the capture, transfer, etc. for the purpose of sale, distribution, etc.It was established by a partial amendment of this law (enforced in June 30).Although it was not designated by a Cabinet Order at the time of the enforcement of the law revision, three cases were designated by the Cabinet Order revision in January 6nd year of Reiwa.It is assumed that insects, fish, amphibians, etc. that are secondarily distributed in nature will be designated.

Species designated as rare wild animal and plant species are prohibited in principle from being captured, collected or transferred (sale, transfer, etc.)Minister of the EnvironmentPermission is required.In addition, the species designated as domestic rare wild animal and plant species are "" implementation and ""Habitat reserves”, Species and habitat protection measures will be taken.For protection measuresRare Wild Animal and Plant Species Preservation Basic PolicyIs created and implemented based on this basic policy.

Specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species are species for which breeding techniques for individuals have been established, and the breeding individuals can be distributed.However, collection and capture of wild individuals is prohibited, and it is necessary to notify the prefectural governor, etc. even when selling.

The Ministry of the Environment has a list of endangered species.Red listas well as the Red data bookIs being created.There are no laws or regulations that directly support these, but when designating rare wild animal and plant species, we are considering based on the Red List.

Domestic rare wild animal and plant species

The following domestic rare wild animal and plant species are listed by the Ministry of the Environment as of January 2022, 1.[1]by.In addition, since the family name is written in katakana on the list on the Ministry of the Environment website, the "Law Enforcement Ordinance on the Conservation of Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora Species" is the hiragana notation, but the source of the former. by.

The following 427 species (subspecies, varieties) have been designated.

Animal kingdom

* "Japanese name **" is a specified second species of domestic rare wild animal and plant species.

birds

mammalian

reptiles

Amphibian

  • Rana family
  • Salamander family
    • Hynobius abei Abe's salamander Designated in 7
    • Hynobius abuensis ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius akiensis ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius amakusaensis Designated in 27
    • Hynobius bakan ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius boulengeri Odaigahara salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius dunni Oita salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius fossigenus ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius guttatus Designated in the 4th year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year.
    • Hynobius hida montanus Hakuba salamander Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Hynobius ikioi Hynobius ikishou** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius iwami ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius katoi Hynobius katsura Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Hynobius kuishiensis ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius kunibiki ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius naevius ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius nebulosus Kasumi salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius okiensis Oki salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius osumiensis Designated in 27
    • Hynobius oyamai ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius sematonotos ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius setoi ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius setouchi ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius shinichisatoi Designated in 27
    • Hynobius stejnegeri Amber-colored salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius tokyoensis Tokyo salamander** Designated in 2nd year of Reiwa (2020) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius tosashimizuensis Designated in 31
    • Hynobius tsurugiensis Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Hynobius utsunomiyaorum ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Hynobius vandenburghi ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Onychodactylus kinneburi ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Onychodactylus tsukubaensis Onychodactylus salamander Designated in 27
    • Salamandrella keyserlingii Kita salamander** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
  • Newt family
    • Echinotriton andersoni Newt Designated in 28

Fishes

Insects

  • Jewel beetle family
    • Agrilus boninensis Designated in 27
    • Agrilus suzukii Designated in 27
    • Chrysobothris boninensis boninensis Chichijima Islands Subspecies Designated in 27
    • Chrysobothris boninensis suzukii Ogasawara Buprestidae Hahajima Islands Subspecies Designated in 27
    • Kurosawaia yanoi Designated in 27
    • Tamamushia virida virida Chichijima / Hahajima Islands Subspecies Designated in 27
    • Cylinda bonina Designated in 20
  • Cerambycidae
    • Agapanthia japonica Designated in 28
    • Allotraeus boninensis Designated in 27
    • Chlorophorus boninensis Designated in 27
    • Chlorophorus kobayashii Designated in 27
    • Merionoeda tosawai Designated in 27
    • Pseudiphra bicolor bicolor Chichijima Islands Subspecies Designated in 27
    • Xylotrechus ogasawarensis Designated in 27
  • Gengorou family
  • Whirligig beetle
    • Gyrinus ryukyuensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
  • Stag beetle
    • Neolucanus insulicola donan Designated in 23
    • Neolucanus okinawanus Okinawa Malebane Stag Beetle Designated in 28
    • Neolucanus protogenetivus hamaii Designated in 28
    • Hoshihananomia kusuii Designated in 27
    • Hoshihananomia ochrothorax Designated in 27
    • Hoshihananomia trichopalpis Designated in 27
    • Tomoxia relicta Designated in 27
  • Scarab beetle
  • Firefly family
  • Carpenteridae
    • Kirkaldyia deyrolli Sea turtle** Designated in 2nd year of Reiwa (2020) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
  • Cicada family
  • Ant family
    • Aphaenogaster gamagumayaa Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
  • Skippers
    • Carterocephalus palaemon akaishianus Checkered drainerAkaishi Mountains Subspecies (Takanekimadaraseri Southern Alps Subspecies) Designated in 30
    • Parnara ogasawarensis Ogasawara Seseri Designated in 30
    • Pyrgus malvae unomasahiroi Designated in 30
  • Lycaenidae
  • Nymphalidae
    • Melitaea protomedia Designated in 28
    • Melitaea scotosia Designated in 23
    • Oeneis norna sugitaii Oeneis nornaYatsugatake Subspecies Reiwa 3rd year (2021) designation
  • Corduliidae
    • Hemicordulia ogasawarensis Designated in 20
    • Indolestes boninensis Designated in 20
  • Chlorocyphidae
    • Rhinocypha ogasawarensis Designated in 20
  • Dragonfly family
    • Libellula angelina Dragonfly Designated in 6
    • Rhyothemis severini Designated in 31
  • Grasshopper family
    • Celes akitanus Designated in 28

Bivalves

    • Margaritifera laevis ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year
    • Margaritifera togakushiensis ** Designated in 4nd year of Reiwa (2022) Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan in the same year

Land shellfish

    • Aegista inexpectata Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Aegista marginata Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Euhadra murayamai Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Euhadra nachicola Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Euhadra sadoensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Nesiohelix omphalina bipyramidalis Designated in 30
    • Nesiohelix omphalina omphalina Designated in 30
    • Mandarina anijimana Designated in 27
    • Mandarina aureola Designated in 27
    • Mandarina chichijimana Designated in 27
    • Mandarina exoptata Designated in 27
    • Mandarina hahajimana Designated in 27
    • Mandarina hayatoi Designated in 27
    • Mandarina Hirasei Designated in 27
    • Mandarina Kaguya Designated in 27
    • Mandarina mandarina Designated in 27
    • Mandarina polita Designated in 27
    • Mandarina ponderosa Designated in 27
    • Mandarina suenoae Designated in 27
    • Mandarina tomiyamai Designated in 27
    • Mandarina trifasciata Designated in 27
    • Nipponochloritis obscura Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Satsuma amanoi Designated in 29
    • Satsuma hemi helvus Designated in 29
    • Satsuma iheyaensis Designated in 29
    • Satsuma kumejimaensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Satsuma sadamii Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Clausiliidae
    • Megalophaedusa fukudainadai Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Megalophaedusa ishikawai Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Megalophaedusa masatokandai masatokandai Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Megalophaedusa spelaeonis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Reinia elegans Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Reinia euholostoma Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Reinia holotrema Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Reinia hungerfordiana Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Reinia masaoi Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Stereophaedusa caudata Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Stereophaedusa elongata Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Stereophaedusa inclyta Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Stereophaedusa striatella Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Zaptyx longiplicata  Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninena callistoderma Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninena hiraseana chichijimana Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninena hiraseana hiraseana Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninena ogasawarae Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Luchuena eucharistus Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninosuccinea ogasawarae Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Boninosuccinea punctulispira Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)

crustacean

  • Amano shrimp
  • Ocypodidae
    • Paraleptuca boninensis Designated in 31
    • Amamiku occulta Designated in 29
    • Geothelphusa levicervix Designated in 29
    • Geothelphusa miyakoensis Designated in 29
    • Geothelphusa tenuimanus Designated in 29

Botanical kingdom

* "Japanese name *" is a specific first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species.

  • Water-plantain family
    • Sagittaria natans Karafut Gwai* Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Annonaceae
  • Araceae
    • Arisaema abei Designated in 30
    • Arisaema aprile Odoriko Tennansho* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema cucullatum Holoten Nansho* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema heterocephalum subsp. okinawense * Designated in 29 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema inaense Inahiro Haten Nansho* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema ishizuchiense ssp. ishizuchiense * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema kawashimae * Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema kuratae Amagi Tennansho* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema minamitanii * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Arisaema nagiense * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Arisaema ogatae * (Horsetail japonicum) Designated in 30 (2018) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Arisaema seppikoense * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Pothos chinensis Designated in 29
    • Rhaphidophora kortarthii Designated in 28
    • Rhaphidophora liukiuensis Designated in 28
  • Birthwort family
    • Asarum caudigerum Asarum caudiger* Designated in 29 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum hexalobum there. controversum * () Designated in 30 Designated as a domestic rare wild animal and plant species of the same year
    • Asarum kinoshitae * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum misandrum * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Asarum mitoanum * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Asarum monodoriflorum Monodrakan wild gingers* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum okinawense Hinakan Aoi* Designated in 29 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum sakawanum there. stellatum * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum satsumense * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Asarum yaeyamense Yaeyama wild gingers* Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Aspleniaceae
    • Asplenium formosae Designated in 28
    • Asplenium griffithianum Designated in 28
    • Asplenium oligo phlebium there. iezimaense Designated in 29
    • Asplenium tenerum Designated in 30
    • Hymenasplenium cardiophyllum Designated in 20
    • Hymenasplenium subnormale Designated in 29
    • Athyrium yakusimense Designated in 28
    • Cornopteris banajaoensis Designated in 28
    • Deparia minamitanii Designated in 30
    • Diplazium kawakamii Designated in 28
    • Diplazium pin-faense Designated in 30
    • Diplazium subtripinnatum Designated in 30
  • Honeysuckle family
    • Lonicera de missa there. borealis Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Lonicera fragrantissima * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Lonicera kurobushiensis Designated in 31
    • Lonicera linderifolia there. Linderifolia Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Lonicera uzenensis  Designated in 31
    • Triosteum pinnatifidum  Designated in 31
  • Asteraceae
    • Aster asagrayi there. walker * Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Crepidistrum ameristophyllum Designated in 30
    • Crepidistrum grandicollum Designated in 20
    • Crepidistrum lanceolatum there. daitoense Designated in 29
    • Saussurea insularis Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Saussurea japonica Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Saussurea mikurasimensis Designated in 30
    • Saussurea yakusimensis * (Yakushima Saussurea) Designated in 30 (2018) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Senecio argunensis Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Brassicaceae
    • Berteroella maximowiczii * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Draba igarashii * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Sedge family
    • Carex lehmannii Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Eleocharis tetraquetra there. Tsurumachii Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
    • Isolepis crassiuscula Byakkoi Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Schoenus calostachyus Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Dennstaedtiaceae
    • Microlepia obtusiloba there. angustata Designated in 28
  • Dryopteridaceae
    • Ctenitis microlepigera Designated in 30
    • Cyrtomium macrophyllum there. microindusium Designated in 29
    • Dryopteris hangchowensis Designated in 30
    • Polystichum grandifrons Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Polystichum lonchitis Designated in 31
    • Polystichum neolobatum Polystichum neolobat* Designated in Reiwa 3 (2021) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Polystichum obae * Designated in 11 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Polystichum piceopalaceum Designated in 30
    • Polystichum shimurae Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Azalea family
    • Rhododendron amakusaense Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Rhododendron boninense Munintsutsuji Designated in 16
    • Rhododendron keiskei there. hypoglaucum Designated in 24
    • Vaccinium amamianum Designated in 11
  • Eriocaulaceae
    • Eriocaulon seticuspe * Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Euphorbiaceae
    • Chamaesyce sparrmannii Designated in 29
    • Claoxylon centinarium Designated in 30
    • Euphorbia watanabei subsp. minamitanii Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Gentian
    • Gentiana yakushimensis * Designated in 28 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Tripterospermum distylum Designated in 29
  • Geraniaceae
    • Geranium shikokianum there. yoshiianum * Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Gesneriaceae
    • Aeschynanthus acuminatus Designated in 27
    • Hypodematium for dii Designated in 30
  • Labiatae
    • Ajuga boninsimae Ajuga bonins Designated in 20
    • Scutellaria kikai-insularis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
  • Legumes
    • Crotalaria uncinella Designated in 31
    • Intsia bijuga Designated in 31
    • urea picta Designated in 29
    • Vigna vexillata there. vexillata Designated in 29
  • Lily family
    • Asparagus oligoclonos * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Chionographis koidzumiana there. kurokamiana Chionographis japonicus* Designated in 29 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Fritillaria kaiensis Fritillaria kaien* Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Ophiopogon reversus Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Polygonatum cryptanthum * Designated in Reiwa 3 (2021) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Tricyrtis ishiiana there. ishiiana Tricyrtis ishii* Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Tricyrtis ishiiana there. surugensis * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Tricyrtis perfoliata Tricyrtis perfoliatus* Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
  • Lycopodiaceae
    • Lycopodium fargesii Designated in 28
    • Lycopodium salvinioides Designated in 27
  • Malpighiaceae
    • Ryssopterys timoriensis Designated in 29
  • Melastomes
    • Melastoma tetramerum there. tetramerum Designated in 16
  • Myrsinoideae
    • Myrsine okabeana Designated in 30
  • Najas marina
    • Najas tenuicaulis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
  • Water lily family
    • Nuphar submersa Designated in 24
  • Orchid
    • Acanthephippium pictum * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Androcorys pusillus Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Anoectochilus formosanus * Designated in 28 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Anoectochilus koshunensis Designated in 28
    • Calanthe formosana Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Calanthe hattorii Designated in 16
    • Calanthe hoshii Designated in 16
    • Crepidium kandae * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Cryptostylis arachnites Designated in 28
    • Cryptostylis taiwaniana Designated in 27
    • Cypripedium guttatum Designated in 14
    • Cypripedium macranthos there. macranthos * Designated in 9 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Cypripedium macranthos there. rebunense Leven Atsumorisou* Designated in 6 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Cypripedium macranthos there. speciosum Cypripedium* Designated in 9 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Dendrobium okinawense * Designated in 14 (2002) Designated in 20 (2008) Specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Eulophia taiwanensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Gastrodia albida Designated in 30
    • Gastrodia uraiensis Designated in 29
    • Goodyera fumata Designated in 29
    • Habenaria stenopetala Designated in 29
    • Hancockia uniflora Designated in 28
    • Hetaeria oblongifolia Designated in 29
    • Liparis nikkoensis Biparis makinoana Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Liparis viridiflora Designated in 11
    • macodes petola * Designated in 28 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Malaxis boninensis Designated in 16
    • Odontochilus hatusimanus * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Odontochilus nanlingensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Odontochilus tashiroi * Designated in 29 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Oreorchis itoana Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Peristylus la certifer Designated in 31
    • Phaius mishmensis Designated in 28
    • Platanthera boninensis Designated in 30
    • Platanthera okuboi Designated in 29
    • Platanthera sonoharae Designated in 14
    • Platanthera stenoglossa ssp. iriomotensis Designated in 27
    • Thrixspermum fantasticum Designated in 28
    • Vrydagzynea nuda Designated in 27
  • Plagiogyria
    • Plagiogyria koidzumii Designated in 27
  • Piperaceae
    • Piper postelsianum Designated in 16
  • Cheesewood
    • Pittosporum parvifolium Designated in 16
  • Poaceae
    • Piptatherum kuoi Designated in 31
    • Stipa alpina Designated for 4nd year of Reiwa (2022)
  • Phlox family
    • Polemonium kiushianum Jacob's ladder* Designated in 7 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Milkwort family
    • Polygala longifolia Designated in 29
  • Polygonaceae
    • Persicaria attenuata subsp. pulchra Aragetade Designated in 29
    • Persicaria japonica there. taitoinsularis Designated in 29
  • Polypodiales
    • Drynaria roosii * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Lepisorus oligo lepidus * Designated in Reiwa 3 (2021) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Leptochilus decurrens Designated in 30
    • Tomophyllum sakaguchianum Designated in 31
  • Pondweed family
  • Primrose family
    • Lysimachia tashiroi * Designated in Reiwa 3 (2021) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Primula kisoana there. kisoana Primula kisoana Designated in 24
    • Cheilanthes krameria Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Haplopteris yakushimensis Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Pteris formosana Designated in 31
  • Buttercup family
    • Aconitum ciliare * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Aconitum iidemontanum Aconitum iidemon Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Aconitum jaluense subsp. jaluense Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Aconitum metajaponicum Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
    • Callianthemum hondoense Callianthemum hondolis* Designated in 6 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Callianthemum kirigishiense * Designated in 30 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Ranunculus altaicus subsp. shinanoalpinus Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Ranunculus kitadakeanus * Designated in Reiwa 3 (2021) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Ranunculus pygmaeus Designated in 31
    • Ranunculus yatsugatakensis * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Thalictrum uchiyamae * Designated in 31 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
  • Buckthorn family
    • Rhamnus kanagusukui Designated in 29
  • Rubiaceae
    • Randia sinensis Designated in 31
  • Saxifragaceae
  • Scrophulariaceae
    • Veronicastrum noguchii Designated for 2nd year of Reiwa (2020)
  • Solanaceae
    • Lycyanthes boninensis Designated in 30
    • Solanum miyakojimense Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Stachyuraceae
    • Stachyurus macrocarpus there. macro carpus Designated in 30
    • Stachyurus macrocarpus there. prunifolius Designated in 30
  • Symplocaceae
    • Symplocos kawakamii Designated in 20
    • Tectaria fauriei * Designated in 28 Designated as a rare wild animal and plant species in Japan of the same year
    • Tectaria kusukusensis Designated in 28
    • Thelypteris gracilescens Designated in 28
  • Tiliaceae
    • Grewia rhombifolia (Atsuba Otorigi) Designated in 30
    • Tiumfetta procumbens there. glaberrima Designated in 31
  • Triuridaceae
    • Sciaphila yakushimensis there. yakushimensis Designated in 30
  • Urticaceae
  • Valerianaceae
    • Patrinia triloba there. kozushimensis Designated in 28
  • Verbenaceae
    • Callicarpa longissima Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
    • Callicarpa parvifolia Designated in 16
  • Aeri family
    • Tilingia tsusimensis Designated for 3nd year of Reiwa (2021)
  • Violaceae
    • Viola tashiroi there. tairae * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Viola thibaudieri Tades Millet * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species
    • Viola utchinensis * Designated in Reiwa 2 (2020) Designated in the same year as a specified first-class domestic rare wild animal and plant species

Organisms designated as rare wild animal and plant species in the past

  • Rurijays -2008 (Heisei 20)8/14Until[2]
  • Buzzard -Until 2013
  • Goshawk --Until September 2017, 9
  • Peregrine Falcon -Until February 2018, 2019 because it was extinct (EX) in the Ministry of the Environment Red List 2
  • Ryukyu Robin -Until February 2018, 2019 because it was extinct (EX) in the Sakai Ministry Red List 2

International rare wild flora and fauna

International Rare Wild Fauna and Flora Species are Species Targeted for International Commerce- Washington ConventionSpecies listed in Annex I ofMigratory Bird TreatyMost of the species are not distributed in Japan because they are designated by the species specified in. However, the following species are also included in Japan, which are also used for distribution or breeding.

In addition, Whale eyeSeeds are also targeted.

TheAsiatic black bearIs another name for.

Urgently designated species

For urgently designated species,2021(3rd year of Reiwa) On July 7, three types of are designated.

2017In (29),2008In (20)[3]But,1994In (6)Eagle Owl,Irio Mote firefly,Kumejima fireflyOf these, the lizard lizard and the eagle owl are designated as rare wild animal and plant species in Japan.

footnote

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References

Related item

外部 リンク

Natural treasure

Natural treasure(Tennenkinenbutsu,British: Natural monument,alone: Naturaldenkmal,: Natural monument)Animal,plant,Geology-mineralSuch asNatural objectsAboutMemorialIs.For natural monuments, memorials related to human cultural activities (humanistic monuments,alone : Cultural monument)[1].

In JapanCultural property protection lawAnd eachMunicipalitiesDesignated based on the Cultural Heritage Protection Ordinance of. South Korea-north koreaIn, the system of natural monuments based on the "Historic Sites, Places of Interest Natural Monuments Preservation Law" enforced under the administration of Japan is established.In addition, Western European countries such as Germany, the United States, and Switzerland, where the idea of ​​protecting natural monuments has developed, do not have a system for designating species, but they do have a system for protecting natural monuments.

History and background

Behind the development of natural monuments and their conservation ideas18st century OfIndustrial revolutionDue to the progress of destruction of nature with the subsequent modernizationnature conservationThere is an increase in the movement of.

The term natural monumentGermany OfNaturalistIsAlexander von Humboldt 1800(KanseiIn 12) in his book "Tropical Travels in the New World"NaturdenkmalIs said to be the first time to use[2][1]..HumboldtSouth America OfベネズエラFor a tree called Zamand der Guayre with a height of 18m, a diameter of 9m, and a branch of 59m, he wrote, "If you damage this natural monument (Naturdenkmal), you will be severely punished in this region." ing.Also a French writerFrançois-Rene de ChateaubrianBut,1802A natural monument is used in the book "Rene".[2]..Regarding natural monuments at that time, Shinada (1972) stated that "although the term" natural monument "was coined, the need for protection was not recognized and was not particularly noticed by the general public."The idea of ​​protecting natural monuments was at that timenature conservationDeveloped with the promotion of the movement,1898ToKingdom of PrussiaFor the first time in the House of Representatives, the protection of "natural monuments" equivalent to natural monuments was taken up by the parliament.1906The "Prussian Natural Monument Conservation and Management Institute" was established and the "Activity Principles of the Institute" were established, and the term "natural monument" was officially used.othersUnited Kingdom,Switzerland,The United States of AmericaWith the development of nature conservation movements in Western countries such as Japan, the concept of natural monuments has emerged and has been the subject of protection.

In Japan,Miyoshi(Tokyo Imperial University教授)ButNaturdenkmalWas introduced using the word "natural monument"[Annotation 1]..Miyoshi1906(MeijiIn 39), he introduced the situation of felling of famous trees in Japan and the idea of ​​protecting natural monuments in Europe and the United States in the paper "The need to preserve them in parallel with the felling of famous trees", and the following year, the paper "Preservation of natural monuments" The necessity of protecting and preserving natural monuments is explained in "About the Preservation Measures for Necessary Needs" and "Preservation and Conservation of Natural Monuments".[3]..Miyoshi1915(TaishoIn his book "Natural Monuments" published in 4 years), "Things that have existed in the land since ancient times and remain natural or are almost unaffected by humans, that is, natural forests, natural wilderness, or Indigenous geology, rocks, animals, etc. ”and the definition of natural monuments[1].1911(Meiji 44) "Historic sites and scenic spots naturaldisciplineProposal for preservation of memorials "AristocratSubmitted to1919In (Taisho 8)Preservation method for natural monumentsWas enacted, and the protection administration of Japanese natural monuments began.note that1950(Showa25), the law was abolished,Cultural property protection lawWas taken over by.

1933Was under Japanese controlKorean Peninsula,TaiwanHowever, a protection system for natural monuments was established, and after the liberation, South Korea-north korea-TaiwanWas taken over by.

About KoreaNatural monument designated by the Republic of KoreaSee.

Natural monument in Japan

When we simply say "natural monument" in Japan, we usually mean a natural monument designated by the country.The nationally designated natural monument is "Cultural property protection law"(1950Based on the enactment)Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and TechnologySpecifies.JurisdictionAgency for Cultural AffairsCultural Properties Section XNUMX[Annotation 2]..The predecessor of the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties1919(Taisho8 years) promulgated "Preservation method for natural monumentsIt is.

The position of natural monuments is the six types of "" stipulated in Article 2 of the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties.Cultural property", Which is one of the three subdivisions of" Monument "(the other two are"Historic site"When"Scenic spot)).

The specified target isAnimal,plant,GeologymineralAnd "a typical area rich in natural monuments to be protected"(Natural protected area)There are four types.For animals, you can specify habitats, breeding areas, and destinations, for plants, you can specify your own habitat, and for minerals, you can specify "land where a peculiar natural phenomenon occurs".[5]..Some of these are secondary, created by cultural activities throughout their long history.NATUREIs also included.Also, the most important natural monuments areSpecial Natural MonumentIs specified in.These designation criteria are based on the "National Treasure and Important Cultural Property Designation Criteria and Special Historic Site Scenic Beauty Natural Monuments and Historic Site Scenic Beauty Natural Monument Designation Criteria" (Cultural Property Protection Committee Notification No. 26 of 2).[6].

Manabu Miyoshi, who introduced the concept of natural monuments to Japan, regarded things that were not touched by humans as natural monuments, but according to the above-mentioned designation criteria, they are cultivated and cultivated as natural monuments. Transplanted plant,家畜(Japanese dog,ThresherbirdSuch),Introduced species(Magpie,Fake deerEtc.) and other artificial things are also included[Annotation 3].

2022(ReiwaAs of March 4, 3 years, 15 national natural monuments have been designated, of which 1,038 have been designated as special natural monuments (see next section).

Features and challenges

Those designated as national natural monuments should not be subsequently damaged or damaged.Agency for Cultural AffairsWithout the permission of the Secretary, you can collect or collectTreeThere are restrictions that prevent logging.Also, those designated by the local government areOrdinanceIt is regulated by and stipulates that natural monuments should be protected.

However, the designation of natural monuments is originallyCultural propertyFor protection purposesCultural property protection lawTherefore, there are some difficulties in protecting natural monuments derived from living things and the environment.For example, if it is designated as a natural monument, academic research itself will be difficult because it violates the regulations for changing the status quo.On the contrary, for natural monuments that have been designated as species, even if the growth and habitat of the organism is modified, it does not conflict with the change in the current state of the natural monument, which is a cultural property. It is often powerless to regulate development activities that can be threatening.

On the other hand, in recent years, by protecting only certain kinds of organisms, it has become a problem that the balance of the ecosystem is disturbed and the balance of the natural environment is disturbed, resulting in economic loss and destruction of nature.for exampleShimokita Peninsula OfJapanese macaque(Damage to crops)Nagano OfJapanese serow(Damage to agriculture and forestry),Nara Park Ofdeer(Damage to agriculture) and so on.In particular, the deer in Nara Park has become the subject of classical rakugo (deer politics, etc.), and when the public interest of protection puts pressure on the human rights of individuals, how far the fulcrum of balance should be placed on people is a long time ago. It is an administrative issue.

NaganoChinoMatsuo GorgeIn the case of,Genji fireflyNagano Prefecture Natural Monument as a habitat[7]After being designated as, the town hall is from another prefecture for sightseeingGenji fireflyHas been imported and is still being cultivated (as of 2009).As a result, the problem is that the imported Genji firefly causes a decrease in the population of the native Genji firefly.[8][9][10]..As mentioned above, under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties,Introduced speciesCan also be designated as a natural monument.however,ChinoMatsuo GorgeIn this case, the problem would be that the town hall imported Genji fireflies from other prefectures after receiving the designation of the prefecture's natural monument as a natural (conventional) Genji firefly habitat.

In addition, as a legal system for the purpose of preserving precious animals and plants, "Act on Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Flora and FaunaThere is, but this isMinistry of the EnvironmentThe target types are also different depending on the jurisdiction of.

Special Natural Monument

According to the provisions of Article 109, Paragraph 2 of the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, natural monuments specially designated as those of particularly high value globally or nationally.Special Natural MonumentThat.

Animal

For animals, 21 have been designated as special natural monuments.Those without the prefecture name are "animals designated without specifying the area".

plant

As for plants, 30 have been designated as special natural monuments.

Geology / minerals

In terms of geology and minerals, 20 have been designated as special natural monuments.

Nature reserve

In the nature reserve, four cases have been designated as special natural monuments.

Cases designated in the past

2021As of February, there is only one case of de-designation as a special natural monument.

  • Noda heronAnd their breeding grounds: Saitama - 1984(59) Cancellation of designation.SurroundingUrbanizationThe heron disappeared due to this, and it is the only case of cancellation as a special natural monument.

Natural monument designated by the local government

In addition to what the country specifiesPrefectures,MunicipalityYou can also specify a natural monument in.These are based on the Cultural Heritage Protection Ordinance of each local government, and eachBoard of educationYou can check it in the list of cultural properties edited by.again,1976Designated as a natural monument of the prefecture in Nagano prefectureChinese cabbageIt may be canceled on the way (1995).

Natural monument outside Japan

The natural monument system outside Japan is often different from the Japanese system.In Japan, species and individuals are often targeted, but in Western countries such as the United States, those designated as National Parks are regarded as natural monuments.Also, JapanNational parkThe system aims not only for protection and conservation but also for use, but the national park systems in Western countries focus on protection and conservation.again,International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) is a protected area of ​​nature (IUCN)Protected Area) Is classified and defined, but category III is a natural monument, and its definition is "a region containing one or more specific natural and natural cultural features, and its original rarity and representativeness. Those with outstanding and unparalleled value in terms of sexuality, aesthetic qualities and cultural importance. 』And[11]..This is also an example of considering a natural monument as a region.

United States natural monument
South Korea / North Korea Natural Monument
South Koreanorth koreaThen, before World War IIJapanese ruleA natural monument system has been established in Japan, and both countries are still designating and operating it.
German natural monument
Swiss natural monument

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注 釈

  1. ^ At that time, the notation was not unified between "monument" and "memorial".
  2. ^ It used to be under the jurisdiction of the Cultural Properties Department Memorial Division of the Agency for Cultural Affairs, but due to the organizational restructuring of the Agency in 2018, the "department" was abolished and became the jurisdiction of the Cultural Properties Division XNUMX.[4].
  3. ^ Regarding animals, (XNUMX) livestock animals peculiar to Japan, (XNUMX) animals other than domestic animals that have been transferred to Japan from overseas and are currently in a wild state, and their habitats are (XNUMX) XNUMX) Famous trees, giant trees, old trees, sword-shaped trees,CultigenLogs, rows of trees, shrines, and (XNUMX) prominent cultivated plant habitats fall under this category.
  4. ^ In addition to being designated as a special natural monument in Japan, it is also designated as a natural monument in South Korea.

Source

  1. ^ a b c Mutsuo Kato"Thinking about Natural Monuments" "Natural Monuments of Japan" Mutsuo Kato, Makoto Numata, Kagetaka Watanabe, Masanori Hata, Kodansha, 1995, p. 6,ISBN-4 06-180589-4.
  2. ^ a b Minoru Shinada, "History of Natural Monument Conservation and Its Significance," "Natural Monument Encyclopedia," Supervised by the Cultural Properties Protection Department, Agency for Cultural Affairs, 1972, p. 308.
  3. ^ Minoru Shinada, "History of Natural Monument Conservation and Its Significance," "Natural Monument Encyclopedia," supervised by the Cultural Properties Protection Department, Agency for Cultural Affairs, p. 312, 1972.
  4. ^ "About the organization of the New Agency for Cultural Affairs"(Agency for Cultural Affairs website)
  5. ^ Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item 4
  6. ^ "Criteria for designation of national treasures and important cultural properties, and criteria for designation of special historic sites of scenic beauty and natural monuments of historic sites"
  7. ^ Nagano Prefecture Natural Monumenthttp://www.pref.nagano.jp/kenkyoi/jouhou/shougai/tennen.pdf (PDF)
  8. ^ Yutaka Iguchi (2006) Journal of Firefly Research Society, 39: 37-39.
  9. ^ Yoshimasa Hiwa, Takeshi Mizuno, Hideo Kusabaku (2007) Journal of Firefly Research Society, 40: 25-27.
  10. ^ Iguchi, Y. (2009) Biodiversity and. Conservation, 18: 2119-2126.
  11. ^ IUCN National Park Conservation Area Committee / World Nature Conservation Monitoring Center Guidelines for protected area management categories (PDF) , 1994.

References

Related item

外部 リンク

Japanese natural monument
South Korea / North Korea Natural Monument

 

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