Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

👩‍🎤 | Yuki Kaji, Soma Saito, play with flowers ...! On the W cover of the 20th anniversary symbol of "VOICE Newtype"

Photo "Voice Newtype No.084"

Playing with Yuki Kaji, Soma Saito, and flowers ...! On the W cover of the 20th anniversary symbol of "VOICE Newtype"

If you write the contents roughly
In addition, each store also offers special benefits such as postcards and newly-taken data.

W table of "VOICE Newtype No. 20", which is the 084th anniversary issue of voice actors Yuki Kaji and Soma Saito ... → Continue reading

 Anime! Anime!

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


Postcard(postcard[Note 1][Note 2], Postcard, English: Postcard)letterOne of the forms of.PostAbbreviation for postcard.KatakanaIn some cases, it is written as "postcard".


A postcard is a letter in which the address and text are written on a piece of thick paper and sent as it is without being put in an envelope.In Japan, a 63 yen stamp (126 yen for a round-trip postcard) is attached to a postcard.post officeOrpostIt is common to post from.Some postcards, such as official postcards, already have stamps printed on them. (See below)


Japan,The United States of America,GermanyFor example, "postcards" have certain standards and formats, and are classified as one category of mail.[2].. on the other hand,United Kingdom,France,ItalyIn the above, "postcard" is treated as a normal letter (or small letter) and is not classified as a separate letter.[2].


Postal services are usuallyPublic corporationThere may be two types of postcards, one is a postcard issued by the state or a public corporation (or a business entity equivalent to a public corporation), and the other is a postcard issued by a private printing company.The former is commonly called "public postcard" and the latter is commonly called "private postcard".These words can be used, for example, in the minutes of the House of Representatives Committee at the 2th Imperial Diet in 1945 (Zenjiro HorikiriMinister of Interior,Hidekichi TamuraSeen in the remarks of members of the House of Representatives).

Post officeConvenience storeIf you can purchase it at such places, there are many "government-made postcards" on the surface of the postcard.stampA "fee value stamp" with a face value having the same effect as is printed, indicating that the fee has been paid.In this case, it is not necessary to attach a postage stamp and it can be issued as it is.On the other hand, such stamps are not printed on "private postcards", and stamps for the fee are purchased from a postal company or a convenience store in the stamp pasting space surrounded by a square frame and pasted on the postcard. There must be.1895 OfBavarian kingdomIs a postcard ofRight photoTaking the example as an example,Nuremberg(NUERNBERG)4/27 OfpostmarkIt was erased with, in the lower left,4/28AttachedMunichThe arrival stamp of (MUENCHEN) is stamped.

American EnglishThen, postcards made by government are called postal cards, and postcards made by me are called post cards.British EnglishBoth are called post cards.


Postcards are basicallysealed letterUnlikecardAs a result, the communication contents are delivered in a state in which they can be read by others. Company shipsInvoice-receiptSuch,PoliciesIn the past, if you want to keep the contents confidential for reasons such as protection,sealed letterHowever, in recent years, the number of cases of using postcards has increased in order to reduce postage costs. In this case, a postcard with a blindfold sticker or a thinly attached adhesive postcard (“crimp postcard” or “sealed postcard” (fuukan postcard))[Note 3]Commonly called) is used. There is also a kit that allows you to create a postcard for ordinary households or individual shops.

Round trip postcard

I connected two cards, a postcard for post-credit and a postcard for replyRound trip postcardThere is. The sender can fold it in half and write the address on the outgoing credit postcard, and then post it. In Japan, the left side of the face of the reply postcard is connected to the right side of the address side of the outgoing credit postcard.[3].. In many cases, the sender's address and name are entered on the address side of the reply postcard, which is the folded inside. It is often used for notifications of meetings that require a reply.


"Postcard" is a word derived from "postcard", that is, "end/writing".Sketch"FeatherWas also written.ArcheologyIn, the right edge of the document material paper is called "edge", andSketchSince there are many memos and memos called "(postcard)", "endnote" originally meant a memo written on a piece of paper, or the paper piece on which the memo was written. (If you put the memo written on a piece of paper on the document,tagSometimes called such as).Edo PeriodThe monetary reminder and letter of notice were called "endorsements."MeijiIn the agePostal systemAfter that, it was said that the word "postcard" became popular because it began to be used exclusively to mean "postcard." For this reason, today's postcard generally means "postcard", but "postcard" is a syllabary and the reason why "leaf" is used instead of "edge" is "TarayouThere are various theories that the "leaf" of the "postcard" came from the "Taraha" tree, and it is not known for certain.

Postcard in Japan

Postcards in JapanSecond-class mailIt is divided into (Postal Law Article 21 Clause 1)[2],sealed letterSuch asFirst-class mailCheaper postage rates apply.


In Japan, during the Edo period,streetWas maintained, especially in the late Edo periodHikyakuA communication network is formed byletterPublic and private information was transmitted by. In the letter,ModernThere was also a simple letter, which had a simple format and was less ritual, and was used as a substitute for oral communication, similar to the postcard. These are other than hikyakuServantInformation was also transmitted via simple letters even before the establishment of the postal system.[4]It is also possible to see. In connection with this, a comparison of postcards in postal items in European countries and Japan after the establishment of the postal system was made. Some studies point out that the percentage is high[4].

Against the backdrop of such pre-modern communication culture, in the Meiji era, transportation further developed and the postal system was started by the government.stamp, Write the addressenvelope, Write the textStationeryPrepare and send XNUMX pointssealed letterMail will start first, but soon a piece of paperstamp,envelope,StationeryThe introduction of a postcard system that doubles as a public role has made it easy for people to perceive the simple contents. Also, in 33, the issuance of private postcards was permitted, which became popular. In the late Meiji periodPostcardHas become fashionable, and postcards not only communicate privately but also the news of the seasonMediaAlso developed as[5].

Postcard in the west

In the United States and Germany, "postcards" have certain standards and styles, and are classified as one type of mail, but in the United Kingdom, France, Italy, etc., "postcards" are ordinary letters (or small letters). The same treatment is not classified[2].

The United States of America

In the United StatesUnited States Postal Service(USPS) operates a postal service, and the size of postal items classified into postcards is up to 15.2×10.8×0.04 cm.[2].. Approval by the governmental regulatory body is required to set the price[2].


In Germany, the size of postal items classified into postcards is up to 23.5 x 12.5, and the basis weight of paper is 150 g/m.2 -500g/m2belongs to[2].. Approval by the governmental regulatory body is required to set the price[2].

Plain postcards and picture postcards

Officially made postcards are usually plain, but there have also been issues such as printed ruled lines. There is also a "picture postcard" issued by Japan Post. "Picture postcard" is1870AroundGermanyInvented in.19st centuryIn Germany, if you ordered more than a certain number of sheets, you could make official postcards with preprinted patterns. On the other hand, a private postcard is just a standard size piece of paper when it is plain, and its commercial value is low. Therefore, it is usually printed with beautiful pictures and photographs. A postcard on which a picture, a photograph, or the like is printed in this way is called a "picture postcard" or a "postcard." aboutMeijiIntroduced in Japan in the 20s,1904(Meiji 37) Colored aroundWoodcutA number of postcards on the market were published and became popular.

Picture postcards are divided into photo postcards and illustrated postcards, and are also divided into tourist postcards and commemorative postcards according to the purpose. Sometimes a masterpiece or portrait is used as a picture, or an artist specializes in drawing an illustration to create a picture postcard.[6].


Japanese call tableso," TheWhen sending "Postcard ha".


注 釈

  1. ^ "Postcards" are borrowed. ("Shinmeikan Japanese Dictionary Fourth Edition" Sanseido, 1996)
  2. ^ Japan PostUses both "postcards" and "postcards," but the official notation of terms and conditions uses the Chinese character "postcards."[1].
  3. ^ CurrentPostal letterIt was called "sealed postcard" until just after the end of the war, but it is different from that.


  1. ^ "Domestic postal conditions (PDF)”. Japan Post (February 2019, 9). As of February 9, 2019originalMore archives.2020/5/24Browse.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.About postal systems in foreign countries". 2019/1/27Browse.
  3. ^ "How to write a round-trip postcard". New Year's cards, hot summer greetings dot com (2003). 2020/1/3Browse.
  4. ^ a b Kanji Ishii"Social history of information and communication" 1994
  5. ^ "Postcards as Media", "Bulletin of the Niigata Prefectural Museum of History," Vol. 3, 2002
  6. ^ Toshiyuki Yamada "The Beginning of Japanese Postcard Writing" "The Temptation of Antique Postcards" Sankei Shimbun, 2007

Related item

外部 リンク


Back to Top