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📚 | Which is the best tea?How to enjoy a blissful drink at home


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Which is the best tea?How to enjoy a blissful drink at home

 
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By knowing the history, manufacturing process, and main varieties of Japanese tea, black tea, and Chinese tea, you can feel the usual cup more delicious.
 

With the increase in remote work, the consumption of tea leaves has increased dramatically.I get tired of using the same tea all the time, so green tea and hojicha ... → Continue reading

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Japanese tea

Japanese tea(Nihoncha) is a term used in everyday conversation, "JapanIt is a word that means "tea", that is, "tea made in Japan" or "the kind of tea that is often drunk in Japan".Green teaChanokiIt is a general term for making without fermenting Japanese tea = green tea.Also,tea Of植物学It is not a word defined as a typical classification.

Types of Japanese tea

Most Japanese teas are non-fermented teasGreen TeaHowever, in a small partChinese tea Ofblack teaClose to, but manufactured, called.Tokushima OfAwabancha,Kochi OfGoishicha, Ehime prefectureIshizuchi black teaな どShikokuThere are many.Other than ShikokuOkayamaGentoku tea,Toyama OfFlapping teaand so on.

Non-fermented tea is a manufacturing method that stops fermentation by heating at an early stage, and there are different types depending on the heating method.Green tea in JapanSteamBy heat treatmentOxidation-fermentationAfter stopping, rub (some do not rub),(I.e.It uses a manufacturing method called steaming.Steaming is a characteristic of Japanese green tea and is a rare method of heating tea leaves in the world.Globally, green tea is in a kettleroastHeat treatment is common and is mainly used in Chinese tea.Japanese tea that uses this methodKamairichaThat is.Kamairicha is from KyushuUreshino teaYaguri tea is famous.

The major classification of green tea in Japanese tea was established by the Middle Ages.tea ceremonyInMatcha(Matcha) and other, broadly defined "Matcha" used without grinding tea leavesSenchaIt is divided into."Sencha" in the narrow sense means intermediate green tea, which is positioned between gyokuro (luxury) and bancha (low-grade).Gyokuro,Sencha,BanchaSee).In addition to the original purpose tea, there is also a classification of tea that has been repelled in processes such as sorting, that is, kukicha, mecha, powdered tea, and raw tea for tea bags.

Green tea is almost synonymous with academically, but when we say green tea in Japan, it simply means green tea, or sencha (in a broad sense), which is most often made in Japan.In other wordsSenchaIn addition to (narrow sense)Gyokuro,Bancha,Hojicha / Roasted green tea,Black rice teaRefers to general.In a broader senseMatchaMay be included.


Cultivation

in JapanShizuoka(Makinohara Plateau-Foot of Mt. Fuji-Abe River-Tenryu River-OigawaApproximately 40% of Japan's production is cultivated in all areas of the prefecture.[1]..Since it is cultivated a lot on mountain slopes and fertile plateaus, it is difficult to introduce a large riding plucking machine, which is a heavy burden for producers who are short of succession and aging.[2][3],teapotDue to the sluggish demand for "leaf tea" brewed in Japan, the production volume and tea cultivation area continue to decrease year by year because it no longer meets the needs of Shizuoka tea, which sells quality.[4][5]..Therefore, Shizuoka Prefecture, which has been the number one in Japan since 34, when the public record remains in the production volume, has been[6], The gap with Kagoshima prefecture, which is the second largest prefecture, is closing year by year.[Annotation 1][4][7]..In terms of output, the first year of Reiwa (2019/), Kagoshima prefecture was overtaken and became the first place in Japan, and Shizuoka prefecture was in 1 (45).1970/) And fell from the top spot for 49 years[8][7].

The second largest production volumeKagoshima The[1],Chiran teaExcept for some brands such as, originally taking advantage of the warm climateBlack teaSpread for export[6]..Unable to compete with cheap overseas products, forced into a difficult situation and switched to green tea in the 1960s[6]..After the liberalization of imports, the name did not penetrate because it was mainly produced for blending low-priced products from outside the prefecture such as Shizuoka prefecture.[3].2000/Demand expands after the generationPET bottlesFocusing on beverages, harvesting multiple times a year and mass production by mechanization utilizing flat land[3]The production volume and cultivated area are increasing year by year, such as the establishment of an efficient production system and the practical application of smart agriculture in collaboration with the public and private sectors.[6][4].

The third largest production volumeMie, 4rd placeMiyazaki, Others have made a name for themselves since the Muromachi periodUji tea(Kyoto), Familiar with the common people of EdoSayama tea(Saitama), High qualityGyokuroMade a name for itself in productionYamecha(Fukuoka)and so on[1]..When displaying the brand of origin, the brand is maintained by setting conditions such as containing 50% or more of the raw materials produced in the prefecture.

Currently, 9% of the tea plants cultivated all over Japan are "YabukitaOne variety occupies.Recently, new products such as "Okumidori", "Samidori", and "Tsuyu Hikari"VarietyTea that is active in the cultivation ofFarmerIs increasing, and especially in Kagoshima prefecture, various tea plant cultivation is active.

Frost damageIn order to prevent, the fields are subsidized by prefectures, etc.Anti-frost fan[Annotation 2]Is installed.

20 (2008/) In the tax reformCorporate taxEtc.Ministerial Ordinance on the useful life of depreciable assetsIs revised, and according to the attached table 20 "Life of organisms", it will start after April 2008, 4.Business yearOf the tea plantLegal useful lifeHas been 34 years.

Origin and brand of Japanese tea

Except for Hokkaido, which is a cold region, Japanese tea is produced all over Japan, including small-scale ones.This is an area where the neighboring temples encouraged the cultivation of tea in order to maintain the health of the common people and drink water deliciously, so that it became a famous production area as it is, and the area where cultivation became popular as an encouraged crop during the feudal era. This is because there are many.In addition, from the Meiji era to the early Showa era, it was cultivated all over the country as a cash crop for export, and especially tea in the prefectures until the early Meiji era before the flourishing silk industry and mulberry cultivation became popular. Cultivation was recommended.But,After the warDue to political instability in North Africa, which was the main export destination, price competition, and changes in tastes toward exporting countries, export volume fell sharply.As for domestic demand, green tea consumption fell sharply due to the diversification of food and the penetration of bread food culture.On the other hand, it is easy to drinkPET bottlesAnd cans in bottles[Annotation 3],Tea bagDue to the spread of green tea, health consciousness, and the production of local black tea in response to the demand for black tea, tea consumption, which had been steadily declining, has remained flat.In addition, the self-sufficiency rate of tea in Japan is 23% as of 2011.[Annotation 4]It is mainly for domestic consumption.

The state in which the harvested tea is steamed, kneaded and dried is called rough tea, and the process up to this process is mainly performed by tea farmers.Next, the processor uses various rough teas purchased from multiple tea farmers and performs a blending work called "gogumi" to complete the finished tea (product).[9]..Since it is not always blended with crude tea from the same production area, regardless of the brand name, the production area and brand (brand)Food labelingRelationships beyond those shown in are not guaranteed[10].

Generally, for tea cultivation, a well-drained, sunny and well-ventilated place is suitable.The terrain is mainly divided into plains, ridges, and mountains. In the plains, mass production is carried out with increased profitability by introducing machines.On the other hand, in the cultivation of Yama tea in the ridges and mountains, it is difficult to introduce machines, so it is inferior in competitiveness.On the other hand, it is different from large-scale production areas by adding value to quality by utilizing natural conditions such as severe temperature difference and morning mist, or by inheriting hand fir manufacturing method, pesticide-free cultivation, and traditional manufacturing method. I am trying to make it.

The following is the place of originPrefecture numberThey are listed in order, regardless of their name recognition.The name is derived from the official page of the Japan Tea Industry Central Association and the "Nihoncha Zensho" by the Rural Culture Association Japan, but the ones that are not used exclusively or have been produced in the past are listed.In addition, the outline of the production areaJapan Tea Industry Central Association, National Tea Production Association / National Tea Producer Prefectural Agricultural Cooperative Liaison Council website[11], The history of the production areas in each local government, tourism association, business and industry association website and each prefecture is based on Satoru Matsushita's "Japanese Tea Travelogue", and the characteristics of the production areas are based on "Japanese Tea Picture Book". † is a municipality with zero crude tea production as of 2.

Multiple producers call themselves the "northern limit," but caution is required as each has a different definition.AlsoRice cultivationIt is not an absolute standard because it is affected by climate change as well.According to the website of the National Federation of Tea Production Organizations, "Generally, the line connecting Murakami City in Niigata Prefecture and Daigo Town in Ibaraki Prefecture is said to be the northern limit where tea production is industrially located."The northern limits of the organizations that are members of the National Federation of Tea Production Organizations are also Ibaraki and Niigata prefectures.The "northern limit of industry" is the area from northern Miyagi prefecture to southern Iwate prefecture.

Hokkaido†

  • It is not cultivated for the purpose of collecting leaves,Kodaira TownThe tree planted at Zengenji Temple is said to be the northernmost point.In the Meiji era, a tea cultivation movement started in Hakodate, but the production area was not realized.

Tohoku region

Aomori Prefecture†
In the northern limit of tea cultivation, it has been cultivated in each household for self-consumption since the Edo period.In modern times, it is used as an experiential learning material for elementary schools, but there is only one producer and it is not sold to the general public.You can see the trees planted in the precincts of Yamagata-cho, Kuroishi City.
Iwate
At the beginning of the 17th centuryDate MasamuneAfter encouragingSendai DomainSince tea is cultivated in various parts of the territory, it is produced in the southern coastal areas.See Miyagi Prefecture for details.
It is the northernmost tea plantation that produces tea at the factory.Local agricultural cooperatives purchase tea grown without pesticides and ship it to stores in the prefecture under the "Kesencha" brand.Although the survival of the production area was threatened by the Great East Japan Earthquake, production has been resumed since 29.[12].
Miyagi
At the beginning of the 17th centuryDate MasamuneAfter encouragingSendai DomainTea was cultivated in various parts of the territory.EspeciallySendai TaiwanAroundSea fogIn the 6th year of the Meiji era (Meiji XNUMX)1873/) Statistics show that Miyagi Prefecture's production volume ranked fourth in the country, but it gradually declined due to being pushed by other large-scale production areas without progress in mechanization.[13].
Tea made in the former Momou town.In the olden days, it was called "Northern Teahouse" and is still available by mail order.The northernmost area where there are multiple tea gardens that can be stably supplied nationwide[14] Is said to be.Picking88th day from the beginning of springIt is also called Hyakuhachicha because it is the 108th day instead.[15][16].ShiogamaYabeen Tea Stall sells under the brand name "Date Tea"[17].
A post town on the Oshu Kaido during the Edo periodTomiya Inn), So there was demand and some were shipped to Kyoto as well.[18], The market share declined due to being pushed by large-scale production areas, and cultivation ceased at the end of 45.[19]..To commemorate the 2th anniversary of the opening of the inn in 2020, the city's Silver Human Resources Center is taking the lead in aiming for a revival.When cultivating seedlings from the remaining logsNippon Paper IndustriesIs providing technical support[20].
Akita
The northernmost tea plantation that is not for self-consumption.Currently, all production is done by hand, the production volume is extremely small, and it is distributed preferentially to tea masters, so it is not drunk locally.[21] However, you can experience tea picking at the Hiyama Tea Festival held in late June.Akita Prefectural Noshiro Shoyo High SchoolYou can taste the tea with the tea ceremony club[22].
The last remaining tea planter in 26 established the Hiyama Tea Preservation Society.Sixth industrializationThe aims[23]..In 28, we raised funds through crowdfunding and started new cultivation.[24].
Yamagata Prefecture†
It was selected as a cultivation encouraged crop of the Yonezawa Domain (Yonezawa Kamimikusa), and cultivation was recommended as part of the breeding industry in the Meiji era, but it has not yet formed a production area.In the 7th year of the Meiji era (1874)Haguro Town OfMatsugaoka Clearing GroundThe technician invited from Shizuoka was cultivating and making tea, but failed to industrialize because of the cold-sensitive variety.[25].
From 22Iruma City MuseumWith the cooperation of others, it was revived as a trial cultivation of cold-resistant varieties at the Matsugaoka reclamation site.Not commercially available, but available for tea-picking experience[26]..The brand name has not been decided, and it is described as "Shonai tea" in the National Tea Main Producing Prefecture Agricultural Cooperatives Liaison Council.
Fukushima Prefecture†
According to the record of 13, it was an important crop along with tobacco, rush and rapeseed.However, it was later replaced by mulberry and cigarettes.In the Showa era, there were small-scale production areas in Yamatsuri-cho and Hanawa-cho near Okukuji, and they were produced at the tea factory in Okukuji, Ibaraki Prefecture, but the yield of fresh leaves in 1880 was 27 ton. , The production of crude tea is 2015 tons.

Kanto region

Ibaraki
The yield of fresh leaves in 27 was 2015 tons, and the production of crude tea was 1170 tons.In the Kanto region, it is the second largest production area after Saitama.Sashima tea, Okukuji tea, and Furuuchi tea are commonly called Ibaraki's three major teas.
  • Sashima tea(Sarushima tea) (Furukawa city, Bando city, Joso city, Sakai town, Yachiyo town, etc.)
The largest production area in the prefecture.Edo PeriodからSekijuku ClanIt was cultivated as a recommended crop.Later, by adopting technology from Uji, he pioneered the Edo market.Perry visitsAs a result of advertising to the US Consulate in Shimoda on the occasion of the opening of the country, in the 6th year of Ansei, it became the first production area to export overseas after the opening of the country.[Annotation 5].
  • Okukujichanosato (Daigo Town)
In the olden days, it was called Honai tea or Honaigo tea. It is said that the tea tree brought back from Uji 400 years ago was planted in the precincts of Saifukuji Temple.NiigataMurakami CityIt is known as the northernmost tea-producing region that is generally distributed with.
  • Furuuchi Tea (Shirosato Town)
It is the oldest production area in the prefecture and was originally cultivated in the precincts of Seionji Temple.Tokugawa MitsukuniThe tradition of poetry was handed down to the temple, and the tree of "Hatsune", which was named at that time, still remains in the precincts of Seionji Temple.
Tochigi
The yield of fresh leaves in 27 is 2015 tons.Raw tea production is 28 tons.
  • Itaga tea
The tea leaves produced in Kanuma City are called Kanuma tea, and among them, it refers to the best tea produced by pesticide-free and chemical-free fertilizer cultivation. It is designated as "Tochigi's specially cultivated agricultural products" and "Kanuma brand".
  • Kurobane Tea (Sukagawa Tea) (Otawara City)
The oldest production area in the prefecture, which is said to have continued since the Muromachi period.It is sometimes called Sukagawa tea after the place name.We have been working on black tea production since 25.
Gunma
The amount of fresh leaves harvested and the amount of crude tea produced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries are not disclosed.The cultivated area is 46 hectares.
  • Umeda tea (Kiryu city)
A production area that represents the prefecture.Located at the northern limit of tea cultivation that passes through Oku Kuji-Murakami.There are brands such as "Fog" and "Kasumi" that are said to have been the origin of Kiryu's name.
  • Komochi Tea (Shibukawa City)
Sencha and other products have been made in the production areas for a long time, but they have declined due to the aging of the population and intensifying competition.Currently, he is focusing on tea production.
Saitama
The yield of fresh leaves in 27 was 2015 tons.Production is 2560 tons[Annotation 6]..The tea plantation spread due to the development of Musashino in the Edo period, and was popular with the common people as Kawagoe tea.Even now, it is a famous production area known all over the country because of its high consumption in the metropolitan area, but as a tea production area, the production volume is not so large due to the small number of plucking due to cold weather.
A general term for tea leaves produced in the prefecture, mainly in Iruma, Tokorozawa, and Sayama.It is also produced in Kodama-gun and Chichibu-shi, which are far from the Sayama area, but it is sold under the name of Sayama tea with the help of the brand.The taste is rich due to the process of burning, and the proverb says, "The color is Shizuoka, the scent is Uji, and the taste is Sayama."
Chiba
Chiba was one of Japan's leading tea-producing regions after Shizuoka Prefecture, and was distributed in the market as "Sakura Tea" named after the Sakura Domain, but most of them were sold.peanutsToday's crude tea production is 30 tons due to the shift to production.[Annotation 7]It's just that.
  • Yachimata Tea (Yachimata City)
Instead of Sakura, it is the most mainstream production area in the prefecture.The manufacturing method follows the flow of Sakura tea.
  • Sakura tea
Sakura City was a production center that became synonymous with tea leaves produced in the prefecture, but it has declined.Currently, only a few houses such as Ogawaen are producing.
Tokyo
The yield of fresh leaves is 230 tons, and the production of crude tea is 53 tons.The production area develops in the Sayama hills.
Among the tea-producing areas that spread over the Sayama hills, the tea leaves produced in Tokyo are used.It used to be sold as Sayama tea, but after the war it came to be called this way to emphasize the production in Tokyo.
Kanagawa
Fresh leaf yield 630 tons, crude tea production 137 tons.
A general term for tea leaves produced in Kanagawa Prefecture.Great Kanto EarthquakeIt was started as an industrial reconstruction measure after that.The main method is light steaming.

Central part

Niigata
Fresh leaf yield 37 tons.
  • Murakami tea
One of the so-called northern limit tea producing areas, which is said to have started cultivation in 6 (Genna 1620).By natural mating, it has become a unique tea plant with cold resistance.
Toyama
Produced in Asahi Town.It is a rare fermented tea producing area in Japan, and you can add a pinch of salt and whisk it with a chasen.
Ishikawa
Traditionally, roasted tea is consumed high, but tea production is extremely low.
  • KagaBar tea
  • Nakai Tea (Anamizu Town)
During the Edo period, it was a production area with a history of being presented to the lord of the Kaga domain, but it was abolished due to a shortage of successors and competition with other production areas.Currently, volunteers have revived it, but the distribution volume is extremely small, making it a phantom production area.
Fukui

Fresh leaf yield 4 tons, crude tea production 1 ton.There is also a tea plantation in the Wakasa region, and some literature describes it as Mikata tea.

  • Ajimano Tea (Echizen City)
The Ajimano district of Echizen City was once a representative tea-producing area of ​​the prefecture, and cultivation has been flourishing since the Meiji era.However, since the Preservation Society was formed in 23 and the tea bags have been tested and sold, the production volume has been gradually increasing.It also holds a tea-fir song contest for work songs and develops new products using the same tea leaves.
Yamanashi

Fresh leaf yield 194 tons, crude tea production 36 tons.

In the Warring States periodAnayamaThere is a description for presentation in the document of.With the introduction of Yabukita seeds after World War II, cultivation began in earnest, and much of the farmland has become tea plantations.
Nagano

Fresh leaf yield 101 tons, crude tea production 22 tons.Mainly in the Tenryu, Iida, and Shimoina districts in the south of the prefecture.

  • Akaishi Meisha (entire area of ​​Shimoina District)
Because the tea-producing areas were distributed in Ina Valley, it was sometimes called Ina-cha.It has been a production area that has continued since the Edo period, but it was started around 30 after the war to effectively utilize the narrow farmland, and it has grown into a famous tea production area due to the small amount of insect damage.
Gifu

Fresh leaf yield 2760 tons, crude tea production 625 tons.Seino's Ibi tea and Tono's Shirakawa tea are famous, and they are also collectively called Mino tea.

  • Ibi tea (Ibicha) (Ikeda Town / Ibigawa Town)
For details, IbichaSee.In a narrow senseUnrequited teaIncludes (Tarui Town) and Tsubo Tea (Kaminoho District, Seki City).
See Shirakawa Tea for details.Also, in the neighborhood (Ena City,Nakatsugawa) ・ Gero tea (Kanayama district, Gero city) ・ Gujo bancha, etc., but in a broad sense, they are included in Shirakawa tea.
Shizuoka

The yield of fresh leaves is 149000 tons, and the production of crude tea is 33100 tons.It is the number one tea producing area in Japan and has a market share of over 40%.Known as a tea-producing region since the Edo period, Ashikubo tea became a tea for the shogun, and the tea jar was held, but it was canceled later.It became a major production area after the Meiji era, and when Yoshinobu Tokugawa, who repatriated the Taisei Hokan, moved to Sunpu, the Tokugawa clan reclaimed Makinohara, which was a barren land, and hired peasants for export The start of tea cultivation, which was a promising crop, was boosted by the water source of the Oi River and the warm climate.It was also in Shizuoka that "Yabukita" was discovered, which determined the growth of the production area.It is produced all over the prefecture, and large-scale tea gardens are spread around Makinohara, Mikatahara, and Iwatahara.In addition, there are Kawane and Tenryu as mountain production areas.

(Shimada City,Kawanehonmachi), Numazu tea, Fuji tea, Ashikubo tea (Shizuoka city), Motoyama tea (Shizuoka city), Ryogouchi tea (Shizuoka city Shimizu ward), Ihara tea (Shizuoka city) Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka) ・ Umegashima tea (Shizuoka city) ・ Okabe tea-Asahina Tamaro- ・ Haibara tea ・ Mikuriya tea (Gotenba city) ・ Kanaya tea ・ Shimada tea ・ Tenryu tea ・ Fujieda tea ・Kakegawa tea・ Kikukawa tea, Ogasa tea, Fukuroi tea, Shibukawa tea (Hamamatsu city), Ikawa tea (Shizuoka city), Iwata tea, Enshu forest tea, Niiyama tea (Shizuoka city), Misakubo tea, Hamamatsu tea, Haruno Tea, Hamamatsu tea, Guri tea (Ito) And many other brands.
  • Kawane Tea (Kawanehon Town)
One of the well-known brands.Cultivated in the Kawane district located upstream of the Oi River.The tea plantations that use the slopes have a large temperature difference, and the morning mist is applied due to the influence of the Oi River, so good quality tea grows.
  • Motoyama tea
It is produced in the mountainous areas located in the northern part of Shizuoka City, upstream of the Abe River and the tributary Warashina River.In ancient times, it was also called Abe tea, but in order to distinguish it from other production areas, Kotaro Tsukushi, who laid the foundation for development, named it Motoyama tea.It has a history of being presented to the Emperor Meiji, and is known as a high-class brand that represents Shizuoka tea.The tea produced in the Ashikubo area, which is also the birthplace of Shizuoka tea, is called Ashikubo tea.
Aichi

Fresh leaf yield 4460 tons, crude tea production 908 tons.In addition to Shinshiro, the prefecture's largest producer, Nishio City (Nishio, Kira) is one of the largest producers of Tencha.

Famous as the production center of Tencha (Matcha).See Nishio Tencha for details.
  • Asuke Cold Tea (Asuke Town, Toyota City)
Traditional cold tea from the Asuke area.Harvest in winter, steam, separate branches and leaves, and sun-dry the leaves.It is characterized by golden tea leaves and has a soft sweetness.
It is the largest production area in the prefecture and was already open as a tea production area during the Azuchi-Momoyama period.In addition to shipping crude tea for blending, we also sell PET bottle green tea to increase consumption.
  • Okumikawa Tea (Shinshiro City Tsukude District)
Natural farming tea produced in the mountains near the Chausuyama Plateau.It also produces black tea.
  • Toyohashi tea
A general term for tea produced in the plains of the southeastern part of Toyohashi City.It is the earliest harvest in Aichi prefecture.In addition, there are various cultivars such as "Morning dew", "Oi Hayao" and "Yutaka Midori".

* In addition, there was a tea made by a unique method called Miyazaki Bancha (Okazaki City) in the prefecture, but it is not currently produced.[Annotation 8].

Kinki

Mie

Fresh leaf yield 32000 tons, crude tea production 6770 tons.The third largest tea producing area in Japan.Many are produced in the Hokusei regionCover teaIs No. 1 in Japan[Annotation 9], The production of tea leaves for confectionery processing is the highest in Japan.

A general term for tea leaves produced in areas belonging to the former Ise province, which are produced in Mie prefecture.Brand development by the production area alone is also active, and Watarai tea, Iinan tea (Iinan town, Matsusaka city), Suzuka tea, Odai tea, Kameyama tea, Mizusawa tea (Yokkaichi city), Kono tea , Ishigure tea (Inabe city), Geino tea (Geino town, Tsu city), Misugi tea (Misugi town, Tsu city), Kaskin tea (Iinan town), etc.
  • Watarai Tea (Watarai Town)
It is one of the most prominent brands of Ise tea, and has won many awards at competitions in Ise tea and Kansai.Located upstream of Miyagawa, known for its clear stream, it is foggy and produces good quality tea.
  • Mizusawa Tea (Yokkaichi City)
Known as the production center of Kabusecha.It has a long history, and there is a tradition that tea cultivation was introduced from Tang by Kukai during the Heian period.In the late Edo period, the priest of Joganji Temple, Norihiro Nakagawa, revived and later became popular as a crop for export.
  • Iga Tea (Iga City)
A general term for tea leaves produced in the area belonging to the former Iga province in the prefecture, Iga is an old production area that is said to have been planted by Myoe during the Kamakura period.It uses a traditional method called hard steaming, and is steamed at high temperature for about 1 minute before drinking.
Shiga

Fresh leaf yield 3130 tons, crude tea production 679 tons.CollectivelyOmi TeaThat is.There are many production areas with a long history, and there are tea fields in Makino, Kosai, etc. in addition to the following.

It is the largest tea producing area in the prefecture and is located at the foot of Mt. Suzuka.During the Nanbokucho period, a monk at Jomei-ji Temple in KyotoDaitokuji TempleIt is said that the end was when the tea fruits were brought back and cultivated.It is said that it was useful to travelers traveling on the Tokaido in the early modern period and expanded its production, but it was not until modern times that it became large-scale, and cultivation was encouraged as a crop for export.The light steaming method is the mainstream, and it is also famous as a famous production area for Kabusecha, and has received high praise at fairs such as receiving the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Award many times.
The oldest tea-producing region in Japan, where the tradition that Saicho sown the tea seeds brought back from Tang remains.It has the soil and climatic conditions suitable for tea cultivation, and is a production center of famous tea that has been awarded many times at the competition.One of Japan's five major teas.
A mountain tea-producing area located in the former Eigenji town government office district in the valley of the Suzuka Mountains.It is said that Mitsunari Ishida, a young child, was the origin of the legend of "Sansen no Cha" presented to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and was loved by Hideyoshi throughout his life.After that, he had a history of giving to the Hikone Domain and the imperial court, and was especially protected by the Hikone Domain.From the Edo period to the Meiji period, it was extremely prosperous, and it is said that many teamakers came to work from Ise.There was a tea-picking song that conveys the liveliness of the past, and it was sung as "Uji is a teahouse, tea is a mandokoro, daughter Yaru is a marriage place ...".
  • Kitayama tea (Hinokitayama tea) (Hino Town
Tea produced in the Kitayama district of Hino Town, located at the foot of the Suzuka Mountains.It developed as a production area around 40, but later shrank due to competition with other production areas.Kabusecha is unique.In addition, we are trying to differentiate ourselves by adding value through pesticide-free cultivation and black tea production.
Kyoto

Fresh leaf yield 13200 tons, crude tea production 2920 tons.Known for its Uji tea, Uji City, Ujitawara Town, Wazuka Town, etc. are the main production areas, and tea is also cultivated in the Ryotan region.In addition, the number of tea processing plants is second only to Shizuoka Prefecture.

A tea brand with the best brand power in Japan.When subdivided, in addition to Uji tea in Uji city, Ujitawara tea, Wazuka tea, Nanzanjo tea, etc. are collectively called, and tea leaves from Ryotan districts such as Ayabe and Fukuchiyama are also processed as Uji tea.Kabei Yamamoto invented "Gyokuro" in the Kinoshita family in Kokura, Uji.Gyokuro is also popular in Ujitawara Town, and Tencha cultivation is also popular in Wazuka Town.
Osaka †

There used to be tea-producing areas in the Nagao area of ​​Hirakata City, but it has declined due to the fact that there were large-scale producing areas such as Uji and Yamato in the vicinity and urbanization.There are only small farms for self-consumption, and along with Hokkaido, Aomori, Fukushima, etc., the production volume was already 2 in 1990, and according to the statistics of 0, it is Hokkaido. There are no line statistics.

Hyogo

Fresh leaf yield 273 tons, crude tea production 59 tons.Although there are many production areas with a long history, they did not develop after the war due to the existence of large production areas such as Uji, Ise, and Yamato in the vicinity, and the production volume is not so large.

  • Tamba tea (Mt. Sasayama city)
The main production area is the Ajima area.It was produced as a recommended crop for the clan during the Edo period, and was a major production area that was actively shipped to Osaka and other areas after the Meiji era.As of 29, it still accounts for most of the tea leaves produced in the prefecture.
  • Mother and child tea (Sanda City)
It is located in the northernmost part of Sanda City, the Moushi district.An old production area that is said to have been handed down from China by a monk at Eitakuji Temple, known as a famous flower temple.Located in a foggy mountain basin, it produces good quality tea.PET bottle green tea is also on sale.
  • Midori Asago (Asago City)
A brand common to all production areas cultivated in the Sanou Plateau of Asago City.Terraced fields develop in the plateau area at an altitude of 380 meters.Joint production by the group is being carried out to improve quality and efficiency.
  • Harima Yashiro Tea (Kato City)
Tea produced in the old shrine town of Kato city.It started with the transplantation of tea plants in 52, and became a representative tea-producing region in the Harima region.
  • Sayo Asagiri Tea (Sayo Asagiri Tea) (Sayo Town)
The Sayo basin near the border of Okayama prefecture is a famous sea of ​​clouds where morning mist often falls, and the brand tea bearing the morning mist. It is said that native mountain tea has been cultivated for more than 800 years.In recent years, it has been called Sayo Asagiri Tea to emphasize Sayo production.
  • Senrei Tea (Kamikawa Town)
A tea-producing area cultivated in the Yoshitomi district located on the Mineyama plateau.It is said that the name of Senrei was given by Hokyoji Temple in Kyoto in the 10th year of Kyoho.Although it was facing the crisis of abolition due to the aging population and the shortage of successors, a project to support new farmers and promote the sixth industrialization is being implemented.
Nara

Fresh leaf yield 7420 tons, crude tea production 1810 tons.The production areas are concentrated in the northeastern part of the prefecture, such as Yamazoe Village and Tsukigase Village, and are called Yamato Tea.

  • Yamato tea In a broad sense, it refers to tea leaves produced in Nara Prefecture, and collectively refers to production areas such as Tsukigase, Fukuzumi (Tenri City), Yagyu, Yamazoe, Tsuge, and Oyodo.In a narrow sense, it is separated from the above-mentioned production areas, but the brand name is basically unified with Yamato tea.
Wakayama

Fresh leaf yield 71 tons, crude tea production 15 tons.Since ancient times, there have been eating habits such as tea porridge, so small-scale tea cultivation has been seen everywhere for self-consumption.The following production areas are known, and because they are promoted and promoted in connection with tourist destinations, they have a certain degree of name recognition even though they are small.

  • Irokawa Tea (Nachikatsuura Town)
This tea is produced in the Irokawa district in the mountains of Nachikatsuura Town, and has the largest cultivation area in the prefecture.Known as the best early-picked tea in Honshu, the most popular tea is shipped outside the prefecture.It is sold at sightseeing spots near Mt. Nachi and Katsuura city, and is also sold as Kumano black tea.
  • Kawazoe Tea (Shirahama Town)
Tea cultivated in the former Hikigawa Town, the basin upstream of the Hikigawa River, and the Ichikano district.With the encouragement of the Tanabe clan, it has a history of being presented to the Kishu Tokugawa family.Originally it was hand-kneaded, but it has been mechanized to improve quality and adopted Shizuoka tea technology.After Hikigawa Town merged with Shirahama Town, it was often sold in Shirahama City.It is used as an ingredient in Western confectionery such as roll cakes, and is sold as Shirahama black tea.
  • Otonashicha (Hongu district, Tanabe city)
Mountain tea produced in the Fushiogami district of the Otonashi River basin in the former Hongucho. Only the first tea picked from May to June is sold as a brand tea, but the distribution volume is extremely small (although)Kumano Motomiya TaishaIt is easy to obtain because it is promoted on the approach to the shrine.After the second tea, it is consumed exclusively for tea porridge.It is also sold as PET bottle green tea to promote consumption and promote production areas.

Chugoku, Shikoku

Tottori

The yield of fresh leaves is 85 tons, and the production of crude tea is 22 tons.In production areas other than the following, tea cultivation was also popular in Shikano-cho (Kano-cha) and Chizu-cho (Chizu-cha), and sun-dried bancha was produced, but due to the severe climate and lack of successors, 29 (2017) At the time of year), it is hardly produced.

  • Mt. Ooyama Tea (Yodoe-cho, Yonago City)
It is mainly produced in the Jingamae area, and is also called Jingakucha.We are also branding domestic black tea.
  • Mochigase tea
It is a famous tea producing area that has been known since the Edo period, and was also exported overseas during the Meiji period.It will be abolished once, but later a company called Triangle Garden has revived production.
Shimane

Fresh leaf yield 744 tons, crude tea production 180 tons.Matsudaira OsamuTea ceremony has been cultivated since the Edo period due to the spread of tea ceremony due to (unclear), and tea cultivation is still popular mainly in the Izumo region.

  • Izumo Tea (Izumo City)
Compared to the whole country, Matsue City consumes more green tea and Japanese sweets per capita, and tea cultivation has been actively carried out to meet the demand.Also,Botebote teaAlso known as the custom of.
  • Daito Tea (Daito Town, Unnan City)
A tea-producing region that is said to have been cultivated in the 2nd year of Anei due to the life of Matsudaira Harusato.
  • Karakawa Bancha (Hiratacho, Izumo City)
Bancha made in a tea-producing area located in the Karakawa district of Hirata Town (formerly Hirata City).It is made by heating it more than ordinary bancha and roasting it fragrantly.A type of sun-dried bancha often found in the San'in region.
  • Hakata Bancha (Hakata-cho, Matsue City)
Bancha produced in the mountains of the former Hakata-cho.A type of sun-dried bancha often found in the San'in region.
Okayama

Fresh leaf yield 573 tons, crude tea production 127 tons.

  • Kaita Tea (Mimasaka City)
The largest production area in the prefecture.Learned Uji's technique and started cultivation in 2.In modern times it was also cultivated for export.In a broad sense, it is sometimes called Mimasaka tea, including the surrounding area.Bancha making, also known as Mimasaka Bancha and Sakushu Bancha, is also popular, and Gentokucha is a type of fermented tea.[Annotation 10]Is also produced in this region.
  • Tomihara Tea (Maniwa City)
A production center that originated from the native material of mountain tea. Twenty years ago, we implemented a completely pesticide-free farming method, adding value.
Hiroshima

The yield of fresh leaves is 69 tons, and the production of crude tea is 16 tons.It has the lowest production in the Chugoku and Shikoku regions.

It used to be shipped to Shizuoka for blending as a large-scale production area, but it has declined due to a sharp decrease in the number of producers.Currently, volunteers are trying to revive.
Yamaguchi

Fresh leaf yield 579 tons, crude tea production 289 tons.In the olden days, tea cultivation was actively carried out by the Mouri clan, the Choshu clan, and after the restoration, due to the policies of the prefecture.At one point, it was known as "Bocho-cha", but the current production is not so high. Ono tea accounts for 9%.

  • Ono Tea (Yamaguchi Ono Tea) (Ube City)
Masagen Horino, who was instructing tea cultivation in Yame, opened a tea plantation here, and Ono is named after the district.The tea plantation is a large scale of 100ha and is the largest production area in the prefecture. It is also sold as "Yamaguchi Onocha" and is also sold as PET bottles and canned beverages.
  • Takase Tea (Shunan City)
A tea-producing region that has been around since the Edo period.Blessed with good nature, it is cultivated in famous water called golden water.Although the brand name overlaps with Takase tea in Kagawa prefecture, which will be described later, there is no historical connection.
Tokushima

Fresh leaf yield 721 tons, crude tea production 152 tons.Fermented Awa evening tea and cold tea produced in winter are famous.Sencha is mainly produced in the mountains of Miyoshi City and Aioi, Naka Town.

  • Awa evening tea
    • Aioi Bancha (Aioi, Nakamachi)
    • Kanda Tea (Kamikatsu Town)
  • Aioi Tea (Aioi Sencha) (Aioi, Naka Town)
It is a sencha producing area produced in the Aioi area, and is the earliest harvested in Tokushima prefecture.It is sometimes called Aioi Sencha to distinguish it from cold tea and bancha producing areas.
  • Ayumi Tea (Yamashiro Town, Miyoshi City)
Sencha produced around Oboke in Yamashiro-cho, Miyoshi City, which is the largest production area in Tokushima Prefecture.
  • Shishikui Tea (Shishikui, Kaiyo Town)
Tea produced in small quantities in the village of Kaiyo-cho during the cold winter months.
  • Kito Kancha (Kito, Naka Town)
Tea produced in the Kito district of Naka-cho.Dry in the sun and expose to chills.Kamairicha is also made at Kito.
Kagawa

Fresh leaf yield 391 tons, crude tea production 95 tons.

  • Takase tea (Takase district, Mitoyo city)
It is the largest production area in Kagawa prefecture, accounting for more than 6%, and is produced in the Ninomiya district of the former Takase town of Mitoyo city.It is a production center of high-grade sencha, which is said to have been loved by travelers visiting Kompira, and harvests up to the second tea.
Ehime

Fresh leaf harvest 321 tons, crude tea production 68 tons.The main production areas are Shingu and Tomisato areas.

It is a representative production area in Ehime prefecture, and has become a high-class brand production area, such as pesticide-free cultivation ahead of other production areas.In addition, since becoming Shikokuchuo City, tea from the Tomisato region has also been shipped as Shingu tea.
  • Kuma Tea (Kumakogen Town)
Upper sencha produced in Kumakogen.
  • Matsuno Tea / Kihoku Tea (Matsuno Town)
Tea produced in Matsuno Town in the southern part of the prefecture.Full-scale production began in 32.
  • Uwa Tea (Uwa Town, Seiyo City)
This tea is produced in Uwa Town, Seiyo City, and is produced in the mountains at an altitude of 200 meters.
  • Ishizuchi Black Tea (Komatsucho, Saijo City)
One of the rare post-fermented teas in Japan.It was used to entertain Ishizuchi worshipers and became widespread.The name is named after the color of the tea leaves that look like.In the past, there was only one producer and there was concern about its abolition, but the life research group has inherited the production, and the culture has been handed down in collaboration with Ehime University and others.
Kochi

Fresh leaf yield 1300 tons, crude tea production 289 tons.In addition to Tosa tea produced in the plains, there are many mountain tea producing areas at the foot of the Shikoku Mountains.Goishicha is a well-known black tea.

Fermented tea produced in a district of Otoyo Town.It was not consumed locally and was sent exclusively to the islands of Setouchi for chazuke.In recent years, it has been attracting attention as a healthy tea, and it is also sold by mail order.
  • Tosa tea (Kochi city, etc.)
In a broad sense, it refers to green tea produced in Kochi prefecture.Traditionally, light steaming, which does not require much steaming, is preferred.
  • Niyodo tea (Niyodo district, Niyodogawa town)
A general term for tea-producing areas located on the banks of the Niyodo River.Includes Ikegawa tea, Sagawa tea, etc. More than 9% of the tea was shipped as crude tea for blending tea produced in Shizuoka prefecture, but local production for local consumption is also being carried out.
  • Tsunoyama Tea (Tsuno Town)
Tea produced in the headwaters of the Shimanto River, called Tsunoyamago.An anecdote called Tosa's three major teas remains in the Edo period.

Kyushu・Okinawa

Fukuoka

With a harvest of fresh leaves of 10600 tons and a production of crude tea of ​​2170 tons, it is one of the leading production areas in Japan.Yamecha is especially popular in the Chikugo region.Tea cultivation is also carried out in Buzen City and Miyako Town.

Chikugo tea, Hoshino tea, Kuroki tea, Kasahara tea, etc., formerly Kuroki-cho and former Hoshino-mura are known as the best gyokuro producing areas in Japan.On the other hand, we also produce sencha, kabusecha, and steamed tamaryokucha, which are wide-ranging.
  • Mast tea (Miyako Town)
Tea produced in the mountain village of the upper Saigawa River in Miyako District, eastern Fukuoka Prefecture.The production area was devastated due to a shortage of successors, but a conservation movement has started and is calling for producers from inside and outside the town, aiming for reconstruction.
Saga

Fresh leaf yield 6010 tons, crude tea production 1350 tons.In addition to Ureshino City, Karatsu City is the main production area.Other production areas such as Kyuragi's Sakurei tea are also shipped as Ureshino tea with high brand power.

Ureshino said, "Kamairicha" place of origin.See Ureshinocha for details.
  • Karatsu tea (Karatsu tea)
It is the second largest production area in the prefecture after Ureshino, and is centered on the former Kitahata village.The cultivated area covers 100 hectares.Mainly Tamaryokucha and green tea, and also sells PET bottled tea.
  • Nanaya Tea (Nanayama District, Karatsu City)
Tea produced in the Nanayama district, which is located on the border between Fukuoka and Saga prefectures.It is distinguished from Karatsu tea.The canned tea "Nomanakucha !!" is also on sale with a refreshing taste.
Nagasaki

Fresh leaf yield 3580 tons, crude tea production 719 tons.In addition to general steamed tea, the production of steamed tamaryokucha called Kamairicha is characteristic.

  • Sonogi tea (Sonogi tea) (Higashisonogi town)
The largest production area in the prefecture.Adjacent to Ureshino City, it was shipped as Ureshino tea in the olden days.In addition to steaming, the production of Kamairicha is also characteristic.
It is said that Eisai sown it in Hirado's Tomiharuen, but there is no confirmation, and organized cultivation began in the Meiji era.[27]..Like Sonogi tea, it is also a famous production area for Guri tea.
  • Goto Tea (Goto City)
Tea cultivated in the Miiraku district (formerly Miiraku Town) on the west coast of the Goto Islands.The cultivated area covers 70 hectares, and some are also mechanized."Goto Tsubaki Tea", which is a blend of camellia leaves, is also gaining popularity as a health food.
  • Unzen Tea (Unzen City)
This tea is cultivated in the Mizuho district in the northern part of Mt. Unzen, and started around 15.The earliest harvest in the prefecture.
  • Matsuura Tea (Matsuura City)
Tea produced in the Shisa district of Matsuura city.Deep steaming is the mainstream.In addition to PET bottle tea, we also sell tea cider.
Kumamoto

Fresh leaf yield 6350 tons, crude tea production 1300 tons.It is sold as Kumamoto tea to enhance the brand power.There are many elderly tea plants because there are many production areas with a long history.

  • Kumamoto tea (Kumamoto prefecture)
Yabe tea / Yamato tea (Yamato town), Takema tea (Kahoku town), Kikuchi water source tea, Kakita tea, Minamata tea, Sagara tea, Nishiki tea, Itsuki tea, etc.In many cases, it is sold by the production area alone.
  • Yabe Tea / Yamato Tea (Yamato Town)
A brand production area that represents the prefecture.Tamaryokucha and steamed tamaryokucha are the mainstream, but they are characterized by their astringency, using a unique method of roasting in a pot for finishing.With the merger of cities, towns and villages, it is also sold as Yamato tea, which bears the name of the new town after the merger.
  • Takema Tea (Kahoku Town, Yamaga City)
It is one of the representative production areas of the prefecture, and its name comes from the basin between Nishidake.It is foggy in the morning and evening, and it meets the conditions for growing excellent tea leaves due to the clear water and large temperature difference, and it has long been famous as a tea-producing region of the Hosokawa domain.Since the steaming process takes time, a fragrant tea can be produced.
Oita

Fresh leaf yield 1990 tons, crude tea production 410 tons.Among the prefectures in Kyushu where tea cultivation is popular, there are few plains, so tea production is not so high.

  • Inbi tea (Honjo district, Saiki city)
Located upstream of the Bansho River, Kamairicha has been the mainstream since the Edo period, and continuous cotton and manufacturing methods have been inherited.
  • Tsue Tea (Nakatsue Village, Nakatsu City, Bungo Ono City)
Produced in mountainous areas such as the former Nakatsue Village.Since 15, he has been mainly working on "Benifuuki".
  • Yabakei Tea (Nakatsu City)
Mountain tea produced in the mountains of the Yabakei district.The area is covered with morning mist and the temperature difference between day and night is large, so good quality tea can be produced.
  • Kitsuki tea (Kitsuki tea) (Kitsuki city)
A brand of tea made from tea leaves produced in Kitsuki City.The founder of Hosei University uses tea leaves produced in the city from Kitsuki and sells them as "Hosei tea" on campus.
  • Notsu Tea (Usuki City)
Tea produced in the Notsu district of Usuki City (formerly Notsu Town).A locally-based company called Takahashi Tea is selling under the brand "Kichishiroku no Sato".
Miyazaki

Fresh leaf yield 18500 tons, crude tea production 3870 tons.The production volume is the fourth largest in Japan, and most of them are shipped outside the prefecture for blending.Hyuga City, Miyakonojo City, Kushima City, Kawaminami Town, etc. are the main production areas, and they have grown rapidly due to large-scale tea plantations and aggressive machine introduction.In addition, there is a strong tendency to unify the brand as "Miyazaki tea" in most production areas.On the other hand, the traditional tea-making technique of Kamairicha is transmitted to the Takachiho and Gokase regions.

  • Takachiho Tea (Takachiho Town)
In addition to Kamairicha, it is also known for the custom of Kappo tea.
  • Miyakonojo Tea (Miyakonojo City)
It is the largest production area in the prefecture and is located in the basin at the foot of Mt. Kirishima, so you can make good quality tea.During the Edo period, the Shimazu clan doctors learned and spread Uji's cultivation and manufacturing methods.
  • Nobeoka Tea (Kitakata Town, Nobeoka City)
A general term for tea leaves produced in Nobeoka City.There are also production areas in Kitaura Town and the former Nobeoka City area, but in the tea production area located in the underground (Jige) district of Kitakata Town, Nobeoka City, Kamairicha is characteristic, and the area was selected as one of the "100 Best Satoyama in Japan". ing.
  • Gokase Tea (Gokase Kamairicha) (Gokase Town)
A mountain tea-producing area cultivated in the deep mountainous Gokase district in the northwestern part of the prefecture.It is known as a famous production area for Kamairicha.
Kagoshima

The yield of fresh leaves is 120300 tons, and the production of crude tea is 24600 tons.The production volume is the second largest in Japan.With a market share of 2 to 25%, it is the second largest production area after Shizuoka, and is known for its tea-producing areas at the southern foot of Kirishima, such as Chiran, Ei, but tea gardens also spread around Shibushi on the coast of Osumi Peninsula and inland Satsuma Peninsula.In the Meiji era, tea production became popular as a crop for export, and many large-scale tea gardens used flat land.

A general term for tea leaves produced in the prefecture.Chiran tea・ Ei tea, Kirishima tea, Mizobe tea, Takarabe tea, Ariake tea, Miyanojo tea, Matsumoto tea, Soo tea, Makurazaki tea, Ijuin tea, Tashiro tea, Taneshima tea, etc. There is also a strong tendency to develop the brand in the production area alone.
  • Chiran Tea (Minamikyushu City)
Along with Ei mentioned below, Minamikyushu City is the largest tea-producing region in Japan on a municipal basis.For brand detailsChiran teaSee.In addition, in the former Ei-cho in Minamikyushu, there was an old production area called Ei-cha, which has been passed down since the Tenpo era.It started to grow in scale from around 40, and it was the largest production area in the prefecture even in the former Ei town, but it was not well known because it was made to order in other production areas in contrast to the neighboring Chiran. It was.A variety of varieties have been cultivated and branding has been promoted, but from April 29, the tea leaves produced in Minamikyushu City have been integrated into Chiran tea along with Kawabe tea.
  • Kirishima tea
Kirishima City is one of the most famous tea producing areas in the northern part of the prefecture, Kirishima region.Mizobe Town"Mizobe Tea (Kirishima Mizobe Tea)" is a lightly steamed tea cultivated in a tea plantation spread over the XNUMX Tsukahara Plateau, which has favorable conditions for making tea.
Okinawa

The yield of fresh leaves is 152 tons, and the production of crude tea is 31 tons.The name Yanbaru tea comes from the "Japanese tea picture book".

  • Yambaru Tea (Nago City, Kunigami Village)
It is the earliest picking production area in Japan and is known by the brand name "Okumidori".It cultivates a wide variety of tea leaves and also produces black tea.

About tea season classification

In Japan, the nationwide tea season classifications are roughly as follows.[28]

By tea season / classification
  • Ichibancha ... March 3th to May 10st
  • Second tea ... June 6st to July 1st
  • Sanbancha ... August 8st to September 1th
  • Fourth tea ... September 9th to October 11th
  • Autumn / Winter Bancha ... October 10st to December 21st
  • Winter Spring Bancha ... January 1st to March 1th

Maintaining the quality of tea

Factors of tea deterioration include temperature, moisture, oxygen, and light.[29].

Temperature / moisture

Comparing tea leaves stored at storage temperatures of 5, 25, and 40 ° C, the ones stored at high temperatureschlorophyllDecrease andPheophytinWas seen to increase.Due to the decrease in chlorophyll pigment, discoloration occurs when brewed.In addition, when stored at different temperatures (5, 18-26, 38 ° C) and moisture (3.7, 5.7, 7.5%), 4 months laterVitamin CThe residual rate of those stored at low temperature was 82, 81, 73% from the one with the lowest water content, while it was 71, 61, 48% at room temperature and 61, 46, 40% at high temperature, which was low and dry. The amount of decrease was small.In addition, it is said that "Don't drink tea over the evening"teapotIt comes from the fact that the tea leaves left in the tea are damaged by water and germs.[30].

oxygen

Tea leavesoxygenBy touchingCatechinAnd vitamin COxidationOccurs.Vacuum-packed packaging was used for some time to prevent oxidation, but in recent years the stems contained in tea leaves can cause pinholes.nitrogenA method of filling gas is adopted.

Light

Tea leavesDirect sunlightBy receivingLipid,CarotenoidIs oxidized and smells of sunlight[Annotation 11]An offensive odor called is generated.To prevent this, as a packaging materialAluminum foilMultilayer film is used.The causative substance of sunlight odor is3-Methyl-2-butene-1-thiol.

Japanese tea culture and consumption

TeaHeian periodIt was transmitted from China to Japan.monk·Eisai Kamakura Periodat first"Cafe cure record"General-Minamoto morningDim sum is a templemonk,Official housenot onlysamurai, And even spread to wealthy merchants.Not only for hydration and health maintenance, but also as a culturetea ceremonyAlso established.Edo PeriodAt that time, tea was also drunk by tradesmen and farmers.

HeiseiUntil the beginning, Japanese tea was made with tea leaves at home and at work.teapotMake by pouring hot water into[Annotation 12]That was normal.A coffee shop,sweet tasteIn some places, it was sold as an independent menu that required a price, but in many restaurants, water was used to make it easier to eat.[Annotation 13]Has been provided free of charge with.

As a beveragecoffeeAnd tea and otherSoft drinkThere is a side that competes with.ITO EN"Oh teaWith the advent and popularization of cans and PET bottles, Japanese tea can now be drunk without the tools and time to make tea.These products are extracted to be delicious whether they are warm or cold, so in the hot summer monthsbarley teaAlong with that, the habit of drinking green tea has become established, and even today, many Japanese teas are drunk.

Japanese tea has long had differences in quality and price depending on the origin of tea leaves and cultivation, processing, and extraction techniques.In recent years, attention has been increasing to high-class Japanese tea.ITO EN is a made-to-order luxury product[Annotation 14]As "Bottle Oi Ocha GyokuroWill be released in 27[31][32]..Royal Blue Tea Company (KanagawaChigasaki) Selles green tea in glass bottles for hundreds of thousands of yen each[33].

Output

Edo PeriodEarlyKeichoIn 15 years (1610)Dutch East India CompanyFrom HiradoEuropeJapanese tea was exported for the first time toManjiIn 3 (1660)UKThe first tea advertisement appears in the newspaper[34].

In the 5th year of Ansei (1858)Inequality treatyIsUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyWas signed, and the export of Japanese tea began with the opening of Yokohama, Nagasaki, and Hakodate the following year.[34]..In the 3rd year of Keio (1867)San FranciscoThe Pacific route connecting Hong Kong and Japan was also opened, and in the Meiji era, exports increased sharply and tea prices soared.[34]..The main export destinations were the United Kingdom and the United States, which exported more than 60% of the production until the end of the Meiji era, but until the middle of the Meiji era, Westerners exclusively managed the remanufacturing plant, and Japanese tea dealers became foreign trading companies. Since it could only be sold, it was not a big profit, and inferior tea was rampant, and in 16, the United States entered into an import ban on Japanese tea, and exports fell sharply.[35][36].Paris World Exposition (1889)Japanese tea was exhibited and a teahouse was opened in 41, and it became a hot topic. However, in 1908, the United States imposed a high tariff on imported tea, and Japanese tea faced a crisis situation. Britain in the middleIndiaな どColonyBy successfully cultivating tea inBlack teaBecame the mainstream, and the British colonial black tea entered the American market, and the export volume of Japanese tea decreased.[36].

World War IThe outbreak increased the demand for Japanese black tea as an alternative to British colonial black tea, and in 6 it recorded the largest export volume, 1917% of which was exported to the United States, but it was shut out from the American market after the war. And again sluggish,New York World's Fair (1939)I actively promoted Japanese tea in Japan,World War IIThe production volume itself also decreased, and after the war, the liberalization of imports of green tea resulted in the export volume falling below the import volume for the first time.[34][36].

Entering the 21st century, Japanese tea, including luxury products, is worldwideHealthOrientationJapaneseAgainst the background of the boom, it is becoming a favorite drink overseas.The export value of green tea, which is the center of Japanese tea, reached a record high of about 28 billion yen in 2016, nearly triple the value of 115 years ago.[37].

Western style serving Japanese teaCaféIn addition to the increase in the number of tea leaves, there are also high-end Japanese tea specialty stores where you can stick to the tea leaves you use on a farm basis or put them in by hand drip.[38].

Japanese Tea Award

  • National Tea Fair
  • Japanese tea AWARD

Prefectures

  • Tokyo Excellent Tea Show
  • Kanagawa Prefecture Excellent Tea Show
  • Aichi Tea Fair
  • Shizuoka Tea Fair
  • Shiga Prefecture Aracha Fair
  • Kagoshima Tea Fair

Qualifications/Licenses

Related to Japanese teaQualifications/Licensesas"Japanese tea instructor""Japanese Tea AdvisorThere isSpecified nonprofit corporationCertified by the Japan Tea Instructors Association.

Municipalities that select tea as trees and flowers in municipalities

Municipalities that were once selected as trees and flowers for municipalities

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Statistics for Reiwa 2 (2020) show 1,300Tdifference.
  2. ^ A downward fan is attached to the top of the utility pole.
  3. ^ Not only major companies but also PET bottles of local tea leaves are increasing.
  4. ^ Excludes tea, etc.
  5. ^ Before that, green tea was steadily exported to the Netherlands through Nagasaki, and had a history of reaching European countries and the United Kingdom.However, in Europe, due to the incompatibility between green tea and hard water, it declined due to the later black tea.
  6. ^ In eastern Japan, it is second only to Shizuoka prefecture.
  7. ^ Market share less than 0.1%.
  8. ^ There are farmers who grow tea in the Miyazaki area.
  9. ^ Statistics for 23.
  10. ^ The source is Goishicha in Kochi.
  11. ^ Sake term.
  12. ^ It is called "make tea".
  13. ^ So-called "cold".
  14. ^ The price is 1000 yen.

Source

  1. ^ a b c “Crop Statistics Survey, harvested area, fresh leaf yield and crude tea production in the 2nd year of Oriwa-The national crude tea production decreased by 15% compared to the previous year-” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Statistics Department, (February 2021, 2), originalArchived as of October 2021, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20210313061934/https://www.maff.go.jp/j/tokei/kouhyou/sakumotu/sakkyou_kome/attach/pdf/index-9.pdf 2021/3/14Browse. 
  2. ^ “Crisis of the fall of Shizuoka tea leaders, production cuts in autumn and winter, second place Kagoshima thin”. Shizuoka Shimbun(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210315055526/https://www.at-s.com/news/article/economy/shizuoka/829431.html?news=872784 2021/3/15Browse. 
  3. ^ a b c "Tea kingdom, Shizuoka, Kagoshima on the verge of the battle". Asahi Shimbun(November 2021, 2). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210315062245/https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASP2W71VQP2RUTPB002.html 2021/3/15Browse. 
  4. ^ a b c "Shizuoka Prefecture Tea Production, Japan's No. 1300 Kagoshima with Thin Ice, Close to XNUMX Tons Difference". Shizuoka Shimbun(November 2021, 2). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210314175839/https://www.at-s.com/news/article/economy/shizuoka/863289.html 2021/3/14Browse. 
  5. ^ “The number one tea production in this prefecture has fallen. There is an urgent need to expand leaf consumption.. Shizuoka Shimbun(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210315053417/https://www.at-s.com/news/article/shizuoka/872718.html?news=872784 2021/3/15Browse. 
  6. ^ a b c d "" The best teahouse in Japan "swaying Shizuoka ... Kagoshima is chasing after" It's okay to be overtaken at any time "". Yomiuri Shimbun(November 2021, 2). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210315060610/https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/economy/20210221-OYT1T50063/ 2021/3/15Browse. 
  7. ^ a b “Kagoshima ranked first in tea production in Japan for 1 billion yen in 19 years, surpassing Shizuoka for the first time”. Minami Nihon Shimbun(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210317055414/https://373news.com/_news/?storyid=134233 2021/3/17Browse. 
  8. ^ “The number one tea production in Shizuoka Prefecture has fallen. For the first time in history, it will be handed over to Kagoshima Prefecture.”. Shizuoka Shimbun(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210314174013/https://www.at-s.com/news/article/economy/shizuoka/870204.html 2021/3/14Browse. 
  9. ^ Japan Tea Leaf Central Association & NPO Japan Tea Instructors Association (supervised) 2015, pp. 164–166.
  10. ^ Kosuke Hatano 1996, pp. 47–49.
  11. ^ Tea Guide-National Federation of Tea Production Organizations / National Tea Owners Prefectural Agricultural Cooperatives Liaison Council
  12. ^ "Product introduction "Kesencha"". Farming in Kesen. JA Ofunato. 2015/6/2Browse.
  13. ^ Sendai City Museum City History Edition Room "Sendai City History Communication" No. 31.
  14. ^ Yabeen Tea Stall | YABE-EN.com
  15. ^ "Momosei tea and pickles”. Kananmonou Chamber of Commerce. 2015/6/2Browse.
  16. ^ "New tea glitter Ishinomaki on the back of the Kitakami River". 47NEWS. http://www.47news.jp/CI/200705/CI-20070522-6594348.html 2015/6/2Browse.  [Broken link]
  17. ^ Yabeen Tea Stall "Date Tea" Sendai-Itami flight in-flight drinks ibex supports reconstruction - Kahoku Shimpo
  18. ^ Promote the younger generation with the Tohoku famous tea "Miyagi Tomiya Tea" as the axis of town development - Sankei Shimbun
  19. ^ "Tomiya tea" from the Edo period to revival Start toward the XNUMXth anniversary of the opening of the inn in XNUMX - Kahoku Shimpo
  20. ^ Revival of "Tomiya Tea", Acceleration with Technology Nippon Paper Group Company, Agreement with City - Kahoku Shimpo
  21. ^ Shigeru Kajiwara "Northern limit tea garden (PDF) "Cha-no-yu Cultural Society Bulletin" No. 24, Cha-no-yu Cultural Society, March 2000, 3, pp. 23-1,2015/12/6Browse.
  22. ^ "About Hiyama Tea Festival to convey and leave Hiyama tea". 2015/6/2Browse.
  23. ^ "" Northern limit of Hiyama tea "". Kitabane Shimpo(July 2014, 7). http://www.hokuu.co.jp/2014kiji7/16-20.html 2015/6/2Browse. 
  24. ^ "Northern limit tea" I want to make the slope of the mountain a tea plantation to protect and convey Hiyama tea.The ruins of the castle and the rows of pine trees complement the tea making. --FAN AKITA
  25. ^ "Matsugaoka Reclaimed Ground". Yamagata Prefecture. 2015/6/2Browse.
  26. ^ "Citizens shining young leaves in the clearing area enjoy picking tea". Shonai daily report(July 2014, 6). http://www.shonai-nippo.co.jp/cgi/ad/day.cgi?p=2014:06:01:5998 2015/6/2Browse. 
  27. ^ History of Sechibaru tea
  28. ^ 19 tea production (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries statistics) (PDF)
  29. ^ Tsushida Tojiro 2003, p. [Page number required].
  30. ^ 綱島理友 『猫めしのサジかげん』Asahi Shimbun Publishing, February 1996.ISBN +978-4-02-256977-6.  [Page number required]
  31. ^ "" Bottle Oi Ocha Gyokuro "". ITO EN Press Release. https://www.itoen.co.jp/news/detail/id=24497 2017/8/10Browse. 
  32. ^ "" Bottle Oi Ocha Ice Water Gyokuro "". ITO EN Press Release. https://www.itoen.co.jp/news/detail/id=24663 2017/8/10Browse. 
  33. ^ "2000 yen green tea bottle that has been recognized as 30 times more valuable". Nikkei BusinessOnline. http://business.nikkeibp.co.jp/atcl/report/16/020900110/021300003/ 2017/8/10Browse. 
  34. ^ a b c d Wazuka Town Tea Industry Chronology Wazuka Town Hall
  35. ^ Slumping tea industry and tea production (tea industry in the middle of the Meiji era) Wazuka Town Hall
  36. ^ a b c Brief history of Japanese tea export Wazuka Town Hall
  37. ^ “Japanese food boom Green tea and sake export value up to 16 years”. Mainichi NewspapersNews site (January 2017, 1). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20170131/k00/00m/020/099000c 2017/8/19Browse. 
  38. ^ Stylish Japan! Tea Tea Tea / Coffee shop-like specialty stores One after another "Japanese + Western" to increase female fans "Nikkei MJ』August 2017, 8 Trend side

References

  • 公益社団法人日本茶葉中央会、NPO法人日本茶インストラクター協会(監修) 『日本茶の図鑑 - 全国の日本茶119種と日本茶を楽しむための基礎知識』(初版第2刷版)マイナビ出版、2015年6月。ISBN +978-4-8399-4813-9. 
  • 波多野公介 『おいしいお茶がのみたい - 本物の日本茶を求めて産地を歩く』PHP研究所、1996年9月。ISBN +978-4-569-55315-3. 
  • 津志田藤二郎 『食品と劣化』光琳〈光琳選書 5〉、2003年11月。ISBN +978-4-7712-0023-4. 
  • 淵之上康元、淵之上弘子 『日本茶全書 - 生産から賞味まで』農山漁村文化協会、1999年4月。ISBN +978-4-540-98213-2. 

Related books

  • "A book that understands everything about Japanese tea-Official text for the Japanese tea test" Supervised by the Japanese Tea Test Committee, planned, edited and published by the Japan Tea Instructors Association, November 2008.ISBN 978-4-540-08187-3 .
  • "Introduction to Japanese Tea from Zero Knowledge" Supervised by Masahiro Yamagami,Gentosha<Sprouting series>, April 2009.ISBN 978-4-344-90152-0 .
  • "Can you explain about Japanese tea?" 枻Publisher<Discover Japan CULTURE>, October 2010.ISBN 978-4-7779-1770-9 .
  • "Basic knowledge of Japanese tea" Ei Publishing Co., Ltd. <Food textbook>, March 2011.ISBN 978-4-7779-1905-5 .

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