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🐈 | Save a kitten who was abandoned in the park, a person who lost his beloved cat and became a pet loss Now, "a cute only son"


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Save a kitten who was abandoned in the park, a person who lost his beloved cat and became a pet loss Now "a cute only son"

 
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I like to take a walk on the balcony or put in an eco bag or cardboard.
 

Abandoned cat Ten-chan (3 years old, male) suddenly drives when the guardian is jogging in the park in August 2018 ... → Continue reading

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Hello. This is the "Maidena News", a soft news site from Kansai. We will introduce in a timely manner what has become a hot topic on the internet and in the Kansai area centered around Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. Introducing and commenting deeply on the news and seasonal information that disturbs society from the perspective unique to Kansai. We can answer the "feelings we want to know" of all our users with the spirit of "Kotekote" service unique to Kansai.


Wikipedia related words

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My bag exercise

My bag exercise(My Bag Undo) calls for bringing shopping bags when purchasing at retail storesEnvironmental protection movement.

retail storePass byShopping bagIt is an exercise to use bags and bags brought by consumers without using.Environmental protection movementCan be said to be one ofSince it is a personal response, the effect is thin and the risk of virus infection etc. is high, so it may be prohibited in some states of the United States[Source required].. Shoppers bring in shopping bagsMy bagIs "Eco bag(Reusable bag Reusable bag).

the purpose

My bag movement is to switch from excessive consumption of shopping bags to the use of shopping bags that can be used repeatedly.GarbageReduction and associatedcarbon dioxideSuch asGreenhouse gasReduction, which is the raw material for shopping bagscrudeThe purpose is to save (resource protection).

CO2Reduction

CO2The effect of reduction is when using shopping bags and when using my bag.Environmental loadIt becomes clear by comparing. About 1 crude oil is needed to make one plastic bag (large one)ml, Crude oil 1lSince the carbon dioxide emission per unit (coefficient per unique unit) is 0.7225kgC, assuming that the number of plastic bags was reduced and the production amount was also reduced at the same time, and the environmental load of my bag is ignored, 1kgC =0.013222gC)[1].

To consider it together with the environmental impact of shopping bags, calculate the amount of crude oil required to make one my bag and the number of shopping bags used for one my bag (the number of alternative shopping bags), The required amount of crude oil per sheet (l) × 1 (kgC) ÷ The number of alternatives for plastic bags (sheets) can be calculated. The value given in this calculation is the environmental load of my bag converted to one plastic bag, so compare this value with the value 1kgC (=1gC) per plastic bag.If the latter is larger, the effect will be better. It can be said that there is. However, this is the CO when incinerated.2I was just thinkingLife cycle assessment The (LCA) method is used for raw material collection, manufacturing, transportation, and sales.EnergyMust be taken into consideration.

In addition, the effect of reducing the environmental load due to the use of my bag increases as the same bag is used for a long time. Similarly, change to a shopping bag that requires less crude oilSynthetic fiberFrom manufacturedNatural fiberThe effect will be greater by switching to my bag that has less environmental impact according to the LCA standard that also considers energy consumption etc.).

A research by Professor Nobuaki Kuwahara in the 2007 bulletin of the Faculty of Regional Studies, Toyama International University compared the environmental impacts of using plastic bags, my baskets, and multiple types of my bags. According to it, assuming that all are recycled, 58 times for my polypropylene baskets, 101 times for nylon multifunctional my bags, 11 times for polyester PET recycled goods my bags, 34 times for nylon my bags. It is said that the environmental load can be reduced by using it again.[2].

At the 2009 Japan LCA Society research presentation, a comparative survey report was made on the CO2 emissions of plastic shopping bags and my bags under the precondition that they will be manufactured in China and imported into Japan. According to this, the CO2 emission per one bag is about 50 times that of one shopping bag. This means that if one consumer uses my bag about 50 times, CO2 will increase and decrease. It means that the balance can be balanced. However, on the other hand, when not using a shopping bag, the shopping bag playedGarbage bag, And the need to prepare another bag will increase the environmental load, or if you repeatedly use My Bag with detergent, the environmental load will increase accordingly. To do Considering these, it was said that CO50 cannot be reduced by simply using my bag about 2 times, and it is possible to bring the CO2 reduction effect only by using it more times.[3].

According to the LCA report released by the British Environment Agency in 2011, if you use a plastic bag 131 times and a thick low-density polyethylene (LDPE) eco-bag 4 times, it is assumed that the plastic bag will not be reused. It was supposed to reduce the environmental load[4].

According to the LCA announced by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency in 2018, the environmental load can be reduced by reusing 35 times for polyester bags, 43 times for bleached paper bags, 20,000 times for organic cotton bags.[5].

Garbage reduction

To switch from shopping bags, simplyPlasticIt also has the effect of reducing waste.

Plastic trashMarine litterThere is also concern about the impact on the environment.ウ ミ ガ メIt is a problem of accidental ingestion and ingestion of plastic bags by living things such as, and sludge formation due to the accumulation of plastic sheets in plastic bags on the sea floor.[6].

For some other reasons, some cities are working to reduce waste such as shopping bags. PhilippinesMakatiThen.2013 Plastic bags used in the retail industry fromStyrofoamThe use of plastic containers is banned because the blockage of drainage channels caused by a large amount of plastic waste is one of the causes of water damage. Is obliged to[7].

Dissemination status in each country

Japan

The first introduced in Japan using the term eco bag was the GAIA Project Co., Ltd., which operated an ecology shop in Kanda Ochanomizu in 1992. Masatsugu Ishibashi, who was the managing director of the GAIA project, thought about spreading the cloth eco-bag that was popular in Germany to Japan. He ordered his subordinates to request the production of eco-bags from a childbirth facility in Trivandrum, India, which was producing eco-bags in Germany, and imported them as fair trade products. The selling price at that time was 350 yen. In addition, Ishibashi, along with several co-ops such as life clubs and Tobe Shoji, a bottle traderReturnable bottleHe is also the person who developed the (reuse bottle).

The eco bags introduced by GAIA were initially sold at natural food stores in various places, but then with the backdrop of the ecology boom, major distributors such as Daiei, Seiyu, and Aeon began selling similar cloth bags around 1994. It was As for eco bags, GAIA has the trademark right, so I used the terms such as my bag. These major retailers have used the discount service of about 5 yen for consumers who do not use shopping bags and the sale of eco bags (mostly 100 yen), so the image of the My Bag Campaign = Shopping Bag Reduction Campaign has become established. ..

2007 OctoberAtDuskinAccording to a survey byShiga86.0% answered that they always bring their shopping bags or they often bring shopping bags. This number is the secondKyotoIt is ranked No. 20 in Japan with a difference of XNUMX points or more. Also,YamagataThe highest response rate in Japan was “Always bring shopping bags” at 44.0%.

supermarketCentering around, the benefits such as "100 yen discount when stamps accumulate" are also offered to those who bring their own bags.novelty,SweepstakesCan be used repeatedly as a prizetote bagIt is also increasing to prepare. In addition, the number of local governments that impose a charge for plastic shopping bags by the ordinance is increasing. Around 2008, eco-bags became a boom and fashionable items,Celebrity-wealthy classThings you lovetv setAlthough it has been featured in, etc., it is meaningless to practice exercise if you get on a boom and buy new ones frequently. In addition to eco bags, "eco baskets" are also used.

Increase shoplifting

It's hard to tell whether a product has been paid or not, soShopliftingIt has become clear that there are disadvantages such as being easy to become a hotbed of, and taking away the shopping basket provided. Shoplifting damage caused by the use of eco bags for camouflage increased and security had to be strengthened. Conversely, shoplifting was suspected by bringing my bag (eco bag) to the store.Security guardThere are many problems such as being stopped by[8].

Initiatives at retailers

The AEON Group's own movement and plastic bag reduction measures include the “My Basket Movement”[9]"Or 2 yen discount if you decline the shopping bag[10](Or charge for shopping bags[11])”.

Eco bag

In the My Bag campaign conducted by the Sendai City Hall, Sendai Chamber of Commerce, etc.,Hirohiko Araki,Shizuka Arakawa,MONKEY MAJIK,Kotaro Isaka,Itaru Hirama,Troupe four seasonsThe designers' eco-bag was produced with the cooperation of all parties. The eco bag designed by Araki is a work of Araki.Steel Ball RunThe illustration is designed by the character "Lucy Steel".

Theme song

By volunteers of Hitachinaka City HallBandWas formed and is playing the theme song "Let's carry around my bag" at events etc.[12].
The performance is "Let's carry it My bag - YouTube].
The theme song "Let's use it together! My bag" was produced,CDHas also been made. This CD is in the cityKindergarten,NurseryHave been distributed to.
The lyrics areLet's use it together! My bag-for future Mishima-], the melody is "05065090_mp3_2008417_radA29F5].
The theme song "My bag I always have" created by the hands of the general public is played on the official website of Kakegawa City Hall and at each store participating in the My Bag campaign.
The lyrics and melody areMy bag song].
The staff of Kikuchi City Hall wrote and composed the song, and the eldest daughter of the staffvocalThe theme song that played the role has been announced.
The theme songs "MY BAG Song" and "Waku Waku No Tobira" are written and composed by local volunteers as a PR song for the "My Bag Promotion Campaign" that Yoshinogawa City is working on, and they are playing at events.[13]
The performance was performed by Camembert, who won the grand prize in the NHK program "The 14th Hot Blood! Old Man Battle".Exciting door - YouTube''MY BAG song - YouTube].

Germany

The eco bag was inspired by the cloth bag Ökobag, which was widely used in Germany in the 1980s.However, while the fashionable eco bag made of cloth spread explosively in Japan, various materials such as paper bags were used in Germany. It is common practice to use mobile bags many times. Therefore, unlike Japan, there is no image of an eco bag = a fashionable bag made of cloth.

Italy

In Italy, more than 1 shopping bags were consumed per year in Italy,2011 May 1Prohibits distribution of plastic shopping bags at retail stores in Italy[14].

Taiwan/China/Hong Kong

Taiwan,ChugokuSince shopping bags are paid for completely at retail stores of major chains, it is common to bring your own bag and reuse shopping bags.Hong KongIn December 2008, a convenience store cash register bag was charged (uniformly 12 HK cents).

フィリピン

PhilippinesMakatiHowever, since the drainage channel blockage (urban flood) caused by a large amount of plastic waste became a problem, the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam containers was banned from June 2013, 6. 20 pesos are fined[7].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Countermeasures against global warming that can be done at home Regarding activities related to this application by private organizations such as NPOs and NGOs (actual results) Effects and concrete and quantitative evaluation of the activities (B) Eco-bag dissemination project”, Team Minus 6%
  2. ^ Bulletin of the Faculty of Area Studies, Toyama International University Volume 7 (2007.3)-121-Considering plastic bags Nobuaki Kuwahara
  3. ^ Thinking about LCA "Life cycle assessment" way of thinking and analysis example
  4. ^ Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags: a review of the bags available in 2006
  5. ^ Life Cycle Assessment of grocery carrier bags
  6. ^ Negative impact on the environment JEAN/Cleanup National Office
  7. ^ a b Plastic bag ban, flood measures in financial district of Philippines AFP, June 2013, 6
  8. ^ "Money Post-“Eco Bag Shoplifting” Increases Rapidly Where is Shoplifting G Men Looking? August 2020, 8". 2020/9/2Browse.
  9. ^ Initiatives to promote recycling/Jusco -Environmental goo Viewed on October 2014, 10
  10. ^ -Everyone seems to reduce the shopping bag-If you decline the shopping bag, 2 yen will be discounted from the purchase price! - AEON Kyushu Co., Ltd. Environmental and Social Contribution News Retrieved May 2012, 5
  11. ^ Free distribution of plastic shopping bags has started in Oita Prefecture! -Aeon Kyushu Co., Ltd. Environmental and Social Contribution News Read November 2012, 11
  12. ^ Hitachinaka City Hall, Civic Life Department, Waste Management Section "Holded My Bag Campaign Promotion Forum"My Bag Campaign Promotion Forum / Waste Management Section / Hitachinaka City] Hitachinaka City Hall.
  13. ^ "My bag promotion campaign] Kamojima station square town development meeting.
  14. ^ Distributing shopping bags is prohibited throughout Italy AFP, June 2011, 1

Related item

段 ボ ー ル

段 ボ ー ル(Dan ball,British: corrugated cardboard) IsPaperboardWith a multi-layer structure,包装-A plate-shaped product that has been processed so that it can be used for packaging materials, etc.paperProduct. In addition to corrugated cardboard sheets as materials, reprocessed corrugated cardboardEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euIt may also refer to other cardboard products. "CardboardIs also written.

Overview

Cardboard consists of flat paper (liner) and wavy paper (mediam)adhesiveIt is the name of a structure that is pasted together in one structure. Depending on the number of liners and media, it is classified as single-sided corrugated board, double-sided corrugated board, or double-sided corrugated board.[1].

The name of the cardboard is the base paperCardboard(The ball comes from the English board) and the corrugation of the cross sectionStairsIt looks like a shape. Also called a dan bowl.

History

Cardboard19st century OfUnited KingdomWas in fashion at the timesilk hatInside ofSweatDeveloped to suck up. It was later used as a packaging material,The United States of AmericaInガ ラ スIt was originally used for packaging products.

Japan's corrugated board industry in 1909Rengo OfSadajiro Inoue, In 1910Japanese paper industryEach started with the adoption of technology from the United States.[1].. At the beginning, the manufacturing state was a single-sided reeling machine as the main machine, and the back side was a manual production method.[1].. It is said that Inoue coined the word "cardboard".[2].

Corrugated sheet

In a narrow sense, corrugated board refers to this corrugated cardboard sheet, and the original corrugated board was also this. It is a material for various cardboard products,linerSheet-like (plate-like) with a fluted core attached to it and the backside reinforced with a liner.

A flute that refers to the density of the central core[3]Currently, the A flute, B flute, C flute, E flute, F flute, and G flute are currently used, and the closer to G, the finer the waveform becomes (the thickness of C is only between A and B).

Commonly used are the A flute, B flute, and E/F/G flute (micro flute). Also, a sheet in which the A flute is attached to the front of the B flute is called the BA flute, AB flute, or W flute. Corrugated cardboard sheets are generally used for box making, but cushioning materials andConcrete panelAlso used for. Special corrugated cardboard such as AAA flute (triple wall, etc.), AA flute (biwall, etc.) may be used for export packaging instead of a wooden box or iron frame.

Regarding W flutes, BC flutes, BB flutes, and EB flutes are also W flutes. These BC, BB, and EB flutes are used in a small amount in Japan, and few companies handle them.

In recent years, some companies are recommending to change from the A flute to the C flute, but the strength is slightly reduced because it becomes thinner. However, overseas factories (ChugokuIt is effective to promote the sharing of packaging design with

Sheet manufacturing method

CardboardCorrugator (colgate machine)Manufactured through.The corrugator consists of a single facer, a double backer and a cutter.In addition, a glue making device for adhering the liner and the core, and for generating heat to melt the glue.boileris required.The finished cardboard isPrislo (printer slotter)Printed by theGlua (gluing machine)orStitcher (machine for joining corrugated board with a flat wire (wire))Is processed into a cardboard box. Depending on the shape of the boxDie cutter (cutting machine)Die cut and processed. The part that has been processed and is no longer neededBleedIt is collected as (cutting) and used again as a corrugated board base paper.

Cardboard base paper

Corrugated paperAlso called. Cardboard base paperlinerとMiddle coreIt is roughly divided into (Nakashin). Initially, both were in the form of roll paper, and by hanging it on a corrugator, the two were pasted together into a cardboard.

ChugokuGuangdongDongguan CityMany cardboard base paper factories are concentrated in, making it one of the world's leading producers. These include Nine Dragons Paper (Kuryu Paper Industry) and Lee & Man Paper (Ribun Paper).

liner

liner(JISP3902) has paper quality of D, C, K,used paperDistinguished by the content rate of[4].. D liner (ju liner) has a used paper content of 100%, C liner (ju liner) has a used paper content of 90% or more, and K liner (craft liner) has a used paper content of 50% or more.[4].. The K liner is called the craft liner and was onceVirgin pulpIt was made from 100%, but now contains used paper due to advances in papermaking technology.[4].. D linerPrintAlthough it is not suitable for use as a cushioning material, it is often used as a cushioning material for pads, etc.[4].. In addition, there are special liners with enhanced functionality such as water resistance, water repellency, oil resistance, and tea leaves.[4].

The difference in the thickness of the liner is expressed by the weight, and is expressed by the numbers 4, 5, 6, and 7, and the larger the number, the thicker[4]。紙質と重さを合わせた表現として、D4、C5、C6、K5、K6、K7の6種類があり、C6、K5、K6の3種類が一般的に使用されている[4].

Japan's largest K liner production base isHokkaidoKushiroIt is inPrince materiaIt is a Kushiro factory.

Middle core

Since the paperboard used for the core is not printed, it is of a lower quality than the liner.[4].. A corrugated core is called a flute and is written as F.[4].. There are several types, depending on the height of wavy processing and the number of repetitions.[4].

Cardboard box

Cardboard boxIs made of cardboard sheetEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euIs. Lightness and strength, shock absorption due to the structure, convenience that can be folded and assembled many times, etc.home delivery,Parcel post,movingEtc.Transportation industry, ま た はstorageIn the field of, came to replace the traditional wooden box. When folded normally, it becomes a flat plate. When we use the word "cardboard" on a daily basis, we often refer to this cardboard box. It is commonly said thatTangerinebox""ApplesThe "box" is this product.

A slight amount of corrosive gas is generated from the cardboard box, so it is not suitable for long-term storage of electronic parts. Also,moving,Internet mail orderIf you fold and store the cardboard box used inChatter beetle,cockroachAfter use, it may become a habitat forRecovered paperIt is desirable to put out[5].

It can be assembled with just a cardboard box by folding the lid, but for structural strengtheningDuct tape,Craft tape, Tape, etc.Adhesive tapeI often use. If you put heavy objects such as machines, use adhesive or double-sided tape,Metal fittingsOr fix with a band.

There are shapes such as A type (A type), B type (B type), and C type (C type).The most popular shape is the A type (A type), which has lids that can be opened and closed at the top and bottom of the box. The box is often referred to as the tangerine box). The JIS code number may refer to the box format, but it is not often used in practice (JIS Z 1507).

By applying a cardboard box, insidepolyethyleneSuch asSynthetic resinContainers used for liquid packaging with the bags made in (XNUMX) are also manufactured (bag in carton, bag in box).

Cardboard products

The most common use of cardboard boxes as packaging and storage containers. Also,pizzaSuch,Fast foodIt is also used for packaging. Including books,envelopeThere is also a packaging material to be used in the form of a sheet. The unusual one is made of cardboardFuneraluse祭壇-coffinHowever, it is rarely used in Japan.

Processing cardboard sheets,bedlikeFurniture,tent[6],NotelikeStationeryThere is also an example used for.EarthquakeIn the event of a disasterShelterBeds, partitions, floor coverings[7]There is also an example to use as. A simple toilet for disaster is also made. There is some sound absorption and sound insulation by making the wavy cross section the surface, and it can also be used as a material for handmade soundproof rooms.

Processing cardboard sheets,Homebrew computerSome products are sold as cases.

Plastic cardboard

A method in which a plastic sheet is step-molded with corrugated rolls, and two liner sheets are bonded together with an adhesive (corrugated method), and plastic melted by an extruder is extruded through a die with a corrugated cardboard cross-section (extrusion molding method). , There is a method (combined method) of molding the core by various methods, but all the adhesion with the liner sheet is done by heat fusion.[8].. Water resistance and cosmetics are superior to cardboard, but rigidity and price are inferior to cardboard.[9].

Reinforced cardboard

Reinforced corrugated board is a method in which double-sided corrugated board is equivalent in strength even if resource is reduced to double-sided corrugated board. A concrete method is to specially process the core raw paper to increase the strength.[10].. There are merits such as resource saving, reduction of packaging cost, and reduction of transportation cost and storage space, but the future potential is questioned.[11].

Source/Footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c Akimasa Sudo "Cardboard Box" "Paper and Paper Technology Cooperative Magazine" Vol. 12, No. 9, Pulp and Paper Technology Association, 1958, pp. 569-578, two:10.2524 / jtappij.12.569.
  2. ^ Satoshi HigashiyamaCardboard (packaging archives) (PDF) Journal of the Japanese Society of Packaging, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 329-337, 2010.http://www.spstj.jp/publication/archive/vol19/Vol19_No4_1.pdf.2017/3/31Browse. 
  3. ^ Also called the step. "A flute" can be paraphrased as "A stage".
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j DanThemes. “Cardboard Travel Tips | Takeda Shiki Co., Ltd.”(Japanese). 2020/6/13Browse.
  5. ^ [Clear life] Be careful of corrugated cardboard and harmful insects. Dispose promptly without reuse.Nihon Keizai Shimbun] Saturday morning reprint "Nikkei +1" 16 pages (August 2020, 8)
  6. ^ [Dwelling] Corrugated cardboard furniture Eco-friendly / Attention in the beds of the Olympic Village Introducing tents that are easy to carryYomiuri Shimbun』Morning edition March 2021, 9 Living side
  7. ^ About emergency supplies support in case of disaster such as cardboard beds Rengo(Retrieved September 2020, 8)
  8. ^ Hiromu Matsuoka, Yoshihiro Asai "Plastic Corrugated Cardboard", "Paper and Paper Technology Cooperative Magazine", Vol. 28, No. 4, Pulp and Paper Technology Association, 1974, pp. 161-166, two:10.2524 / jtappij.28.4_161.
  9. ^ Hiromu Matsuoka, Yoshihiro Asai "Plastic Corrugated Cardboard", "Paper and Paper Technology Cooperative Magazine", Vol. 28, No. 4, Pulp and Paper Technology Association, 1974, pp. 161-166, two:10.2524 / jtappij.28.4_161.
  10. ^ Kenichi Okabe "About Reinforced Corrugated Cardboard", "Paper Pa Gikyo Magazine", Vol. 30, No. 6, Pulp and Paper Technology Association, 1976, pp. 305-312, two:10.2524 / jtappij.30.6_305.
  11. ^ Kenichi Okabe "About Reinforced Corrugated Cardboard", "Paper Pa Gikyo Magazine", Vol. 30, No. 6, Pulp and Paper Technology Association, 1976, pp. 305-312, two:10.2524 / jtappij.30.6_305.

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