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🌏 | U.S. durable goods core orders slow down to 4% in April


U.S. durable goods core orders slow down to 4% in April, lower than expected

If you write the contents roughly
"Manufacturers have enough backlog to fully rotate the factory even if demand slows down, and soaring labor costs and limited labor force make companies demand labor-saving technology, and demand for equipment. I will support you. "

[Washington, XNUMXth Reuters] – Private capital investment in the April durable goods order statistics released by the US Department of Commerce on the XNUMXth ... → Continue reading


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    Personnel expenses

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    Manufacturing industry

    Product's lifecycle-es.svg

    Manufacturing industry(Seizo Gyo,British: manufacturing industry) Is the raw material etc.machiningByProductThe生産・ In the industry we provideMining-Construction industryと と も にSecondary industryIt is a major field that constitutes.

    IndustrialEven more inHeavy industryからlight industryIt shows a wide range of distribution depending on the industrial structure of each country, and is generally a major position in economic activity.

    Household electrical machinery(Home appliances),AutomobileFrom industrial products such asconvenience storeBento and beverages sold at (Processed Foods) Is included in the manufacturing industry.


    Need for capital
    Since the manufacturing industry processes and assembles raw materials to produce products, in addition to raw material costs, capital investment costs for factories and processing and assembly machines, new technologies, etc.Research and DevelopmentSome amount of money, etc.capitalNeeds a drop.
    Spillover effect
    Since raw materials and machinery and equipment are required to produce a product, if the production of a certain product increases, it will affect the production activities of other industries related to the product (spillover effect).This tendency becomes remarkable in products that require a large number of parts and large-scale factories, such as automobiles.Further by these industriesCapital investment TheMultiplier effectIncrease aggregate demand through.GDP What is the percentage of (GDP)?Tertiary industryThe reason why the movement of the manufacturing industry affects the economy is that it has a large spillover effect.
    Product production trends
    Long time agomass productionIn particular, it was the mainstream, but due to the influence of mobile orders and the diversification of personal hobbies, it is nowHigh-mix low-volume production (multi-item small sized production), for high value-added products生産Is becoming mainstream (as of 2005).
    Manufacturer brand recognition
    Manufacturing industryTertiary industryUnlikeProduct"I can see", "VisualizationBecause it is made, manufacturers of products that consumers often see, such as home appliances and automobiles (Manufacturer)ofbrandIs highly recognized by the general public.However, industrial machinery such as machine tools, electronic parts, materials such as chemicals, etc.Intermediate goodsWhen it comes to manufacturers, even if they have the top share in the world market, they are not well known to the general public.


    in Japan's case

    Manufacturing industry in generalstatistics.calendar yearConducted annually on a base.Industry・ Items ・RegionAnother (Prefectures-special areaand市町村) Etc. Detailed statistics.However, it will take a long time from creation to publication.Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryThe results will be posted on the ministry's website.Prefectural-based products are also posted and announced on the homepages of each prefecture.
    Indices of industrial production
    Surveyed and announced monthly.Shows movements such as production, shipping, and inventory in the manufacturing industry by industry.Stock marketAn important statistical indicator that also affects.The most notable of these is the Mining and Industry Production Index.Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.


    There are multiple classifications of the manufacturing industry depending on the purpose and purpose.Some of them are shown below.

    Japanese standard industry classification

    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsIn the "Japan Standard Industrial Classification" stipulated by, "manufacturing industry" is regarded as "major classification" and belongs to the following.industryIs classified as an industry / industry included in the manufacturing industry as "middle classification".In addition, the classification was revised in 14, and the electrical machinery / equipment manufacturing industry was roughly divided into the following three industries: the electrical machinery / equipment manufacturing industry. With the revision of the classification in 3, the general machinery and equipment manufacturing industry was divided into the following three industries, the general machinery manufacturing industry, and the clothing and other textile manufacturing industries were integrated into the textile industry.

    • GroceriesManufacturing industry
      Lunch box etc.Side dish, Industries that cook and manufacture canned foods, etc.
    • Beverage-た ば こ-feedManufacturing industry
      beerSuch asAlcoholic beverageAndteaThe type of industry that manufactures.
    • Textile industry
    • wood-Wood productsManufacturing industry (excluding furniture)
      Building materials Plywood Wood distribution Wood products Manufacturing Furniture manufacturing and sales Wooden mold manufacturing Natural wood decorative synthetic boards, etc.
    • Furniture・ Equipment manufacturing industry
      This includes not only wooden furniture, but also seeds that make metal furniture such as office desks.
    • pulp-paper・ Paper processed product manufacturing industry
      For processed paper productspaper cupIn addition to easy-to-understand things such as, for exampleSanitary itemsIs also included.
    • Print・ Similar business
      In addition to various printing industries, packaging material production, printing / bookbinding, printing and publishing are applicable.
    • Chemical industry
      Chemical dye manufacturing Paint manufacturing Industrial chemicals Chemicals, etc.Medicine,CosmeticsIs also included here
    • Petroleum products-coalProduct manufacturing industry
    • PlasticProduct manufacturing industry (excluding separate listings)
    • rubberProduct manufacturing industry
    • leather・ Same product ・furManufacturing industry
    • Ceramic industry・ Product manufacturing industry
      VariousStoneBesidescasting,concreteProduct (precast product,revetmentBlocks, blocks, etc.) are also included
    • Steel industry
      Steel Stainless steel manufacturing.
    • Non-ferrous metalManufacturing industry
      Mainly ferroalloy aluminum die cast alloy rolling industry Special electric wire manufacturing Special steel manufacturing and sales Precision sheet metal processing, etc.
    • Manufacturing industry
      screw,Drum,PlatingMetal products Machinery and metal equipment are also applicable.
    • General-purpose machine manufacturing industry
    • Production machine manufacturing industry
    • Commercial machine manufacturing industry
    • Electronic parts-device-Electronic circuitManufacturing industry
      ICな ど
    • Electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry
    • TelecommunicationsMachinery and equipment manufacturing industry
      Electronic device,Precision machineryOther thanhardware
    • Transportation machinery and equipment manufacturing industry
      Two-wheeled and four-wheeled vehicle parts and accessories Automobile parts Auto parts Automobile industry including automobile electrical components Automobile manufacturing Automobile body manufacturing
    • Other manufacturing industries
      game machine,HanafudaToys, musical instruments, exercise equipment, etc.Precious metal,Decorations,Daily necessities,文 房 具からDIYBuilding materials and materials used in etc. are included here

    2007/,Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications"Japanese standard industry classification(Revised in November 19) "

    Other classification

    Although the basic ideas of the following classifications often match, the scope of coverage differs depending on the report, etc., so it is necessary to pay attention to the annotations, etc.

    • Three categories
      • Material type
        Industries that produce products that are reintroduced into other industries, such as the steel industry, non-ferrous metal manufacturing industry, petroleum / coal product manufacturing industry, and chemical industry.
      • Processing assembly type
        Produced in material-type industries such as the electrical machinery industry and the transportation machinery industrySemifinished productAn industry that produces products by processing and assembling based on.
      • Life-related type
        Industries other than the above two.Includes food / tobacco, wood / wood product manufacturing, etc.
    • Upstream / downstream
      The manufacturing process of products is likened to the flow of a river, and the industry that manufactures raw materials is sometimes called the "upstream" industry, and the industry that processes and assembles using them is sometimes called the "downstream" industry.This name is not limited to the manufacturing industry. (Example) "The rise in crude oil prices has not penetrated" downstream "such as gas stations. Usage such as.
    • Equipment industry (equipment industry)
      A general term for industries that require large-scale machinery and equipment, such as the petroleum product industry and the chemical industry.


    PrefecturesIn another shipment valueAichi,Shizuoka,Kanagawa,Osaka,HyogoThere are many in this order.By industry, transportation machinery, general machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, and electronic parts / devices account for more than 5% of the total in the top five industries.[1].

    The issue is that the IT technology of the small and medium-sized manufacturing industry, which supports most of the Japanese manufacturing industry, has not progressed.In particularEDI (Electronic Data Interchange)With regard to, less than half of the small and medium-sized manufacturing industries have EDI transactions and alliances with more than 1% of suppliers.[2].

    More informations

    Review of industry classification

    The industrial classification (industrial classification) of the manufacturing industry is subdivided, integrated, and moved according to the situation at that time and its importance to policy.For exampleJapanese standard industry classification Of2002/In the March revised edition, the electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry was split into three new industries: electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, information and communication machinery and equipment manufacturing, and electronic parts and device manufacturing (in the middle category). Equivalent)1998/It was newly awakened in (10).

    This is the so-calledIT revolutionBy the electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry in the manufacturing industry (Motor(Sometimes called industry) has increased, and it has become necessary to classify it in more detail.

    Classification of similar industries

    Even manufacturing industries that are likely to be classified in a similar way from a daily sense may belong to a completely different classification.For examplePrinting industryIs a manufacturing industry,News (Chinese)-Publishing TheTertiary industry(However, the newspaper / publishing industry was also the subject of discussion at the council, and there was a time when it was in the manufacturing industry).computerIs an information and communication machinery and equipment manufacturing industry,game machineIs another manufacturing industry (Cancer tool・ Become an exercise equipment manufacturer).Also,weaponFor types, dedicated items are provided in other manufacturing industries, for example.tank,FighterWill not increase the transportation machinery and equipment manufacturing industry.

    The weapons manufacturing industry is a secret industry,GDPEtc. are estimated.

    Close contact with culture

    Takeshi Nakano TheMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyIn "Made in America" ​​created mainly by (MIT), "Manufacturing industry, the strength of manufacturing is the strength of the country.PeopleSexcultureTaking as an example the fact that it is said to be inseparable from the above, the strength of the export industry of the Japanese manufacturing industry is closely related to Japanese culture. "In addition, "In order to develop the manufacturing industry, various cultural conditions such as diligence, habit of cooperating with people, spirit of frugality and willingness to invest for the future, and past accumulation are required. The standard of workers is high, and it is essential that they act enthusiastically and collectively. "[3].

    Yield ranking

    World BankThe top 50 countries by manufacturing output are shown below.[4].

    List of countries by manufacturing output
    RankingCountry and region$ US (100 million)Years
     World total13,739,2512019
    1Flag of the People's Republic of China Chugoku3,853,8082020
    2United States flag America2,341,8472019
    3Japanese flag Japan1,027,9672018
    4German flag Germany678,2922020
    5Republic of Korea flag  South Korea406,7562020
    6Indian flag India339,9832020
    7Italian flag Italy280,4362020
    8French flag France241,7152020
    9British flag United Kingdom227,1442020
    10Indonesian flag Indonesia210,3962020
    11Russian flag Russia196,6492020
    12Mexican flag Mexico185,0802020
    13Canadian flag Canada159,7242017
    14Irish flag Ireland153,3112020
    15Spanish flag Spain143,0522020
    16Brazilian flag Brazil141,1492020
    17Turkish flag Turkey135,5962020
    18Swiss flag Switzerland133,7662020
    19Kingdom of Thailand flag Thailand126,5962020
    20Dutch flag  Netherlands99,9402020
    21Polish flag Poland99,1462019
    22Saudi arabia flag Saudi Arabia90,7742020
    23Australian flag Australia76,1232020
    24Malaysia flag Malaysia75,1012020
    25Singapore flag Singapore69,8202020
    26Austrian flag Austria67,8812020
    27Swedish flag Sweden67,1462020
    28Philippines flag フィリピン63,8832020
    29Belgian flag Belgium63,2262020
    30Egyptian flag Egypt58,7902020
    31Venezuelan flag ベネズエラ58,2372014
    32Bangladesh flag バングラデシュ57,2832019
    33Nigerian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu54,7602020
    34Czech flag Czech Republic53,1892020
    35Argentina flag Argentine53,0942020
    36Puerto Rico flag プ エ ル ト リ コ49,7572020
    37Danish flag Denmark47,7622020
    38Vietnam flag Vietnam45,2732020
    39Israeli flag Israel42,9062019
    40Algerian flag アルジェリア40,7962019
    41Romanian flag ルーマニア38,4042020
    42Iran flag (I.e.38,1742019
    43Finnish flag Finland37,5202020
    44United Arab Emirates flag United Arab Emirates36,7272019
    45South African flag South Africa34,8042020
    46Pakistan flag Pakistan30,4522020
    47Colombia flag コロンビア29,8942020
    48Peru flag Peru29,7012019
    49Hungarian flag Hungary27,9562020
    50Portugal flag Portugal27,4082020


    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ 2009 (Heisei 21) Industrial Statistics
    2. ^ Ex Column Co., Ltd. "Does small and medium-sized manufacturers use EDI?" Retrieved February 2017, 11
    3. ^ Takeshi Nakano, Keita Shibayama, "The Truth of the Global Depression," p.
    4. ^ "Manufacturing, value added (current US $)". World Bank. 2021/7/14Browse.

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