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🎗 | Hamamatsu City Policy decision not to receive donations from the Former Unification Church Donation of over 3 yen three years ago 


Hamamatsu City Decided to not accept donations from the former Unification Church Donations of over 3 yen three years ago 

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At the time, the city recognized the church as the former Unification Church, but they explained that they wanted the donations collected at the event to be used for social welfare, and they accepted the donation.

By June of this year, Hamamatsu City has donated more than 6 yen from the Family Federation for World Peace and Unification and the Former Unification Church to the Friendship Welfare Fund. → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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    The explanation you want


    welfare(Fukushi,British: Welfare) Is a word that means "happiness" or "yutakasa", and allCitizenTo the minimum幸福Social assistanceRepresents the idea of ​​providing.

    social welfare

    social welfare(Social-welfare) is basic in a narrow sensehuman rights(EspeciallyRight to life) From the viewpoint of security, support for people with disabilities and physical and mental disabilitiesAssistanceA public service that provides assistance to those who need it.[2].. In a broad sense, social welfare is a collection of efforts aimed at solving general living problems for all citizens.[2].

    A system aimed at guaranteeing the right to life of the people (stability of life, ensuring health, etc.) is called the social security system.[3].. Social security is often used to mean income security in Europe and the United States.[4].. On the other hand, in Japan, social security is used as a concept that also includes social welfare services.[4].. In Japan, public assistance, social welfare,Social insurance,public healthAnd medical,Geriatric healthCollectively as social security in a narrow sense[4].. For social security in a narrower sensepensionAnd social security in a broad sense, including support for war victims[4].

    Supply entity

    There are "family", "government", and "market" as the supply entity of social welfare, and it can be roughly divided into three.[5].. As a non-governmental leaderBoard,CompanyActivities other than profit activities,Consumer cooperative,Labor union, ,Medical Corporation,Religious group,NPO,OtherPublic interest corporation,volunteerThere are various actors such as, but the way of thinking and positioning differ from country to country.

    Anglo-SaxonCountries (AmericaEtc.), they are considered part of the market[5].. There is a tendency for the public sector to be hated and the private sector to be praised, and it is also significant that the financial resources are covered by donations.

    Nordic countriesIn (Nordic) they are政府Is considered to be the role of[5].. Along with a positive atmosphere for high welfare policies, financial resources may depend on government general tax revenues.

    Continental europeIn countries (Continental)Civil societyIt is said to be a member. It is the "family" that is responsible for most of the welfare supply. The government, etc., will take charge of the part that cannot function due to mutual aid of family members, relatives, and neighbors as a system or mechanism.

    JapanThen,It is composed of a mixture of liberalism from the "market" while the supply is centered on conservatism centered on the "family".[5].

    Islamic worldThen.Zakat,SadaqahThe money collected by the so-called gratitude is used for social welfare.In countries where Islam is the state religion, the government operates the system on behalf of religious groups.

    International efforts

    United NationsIt is,1981TheInternational Year of Disabled(January 1980, 1). The theme was "Full participation and equality".ObstacleThe aim was to make a major shift from "helping" to "supporting independence."1983から1992The United Nations Decade for Persons with Disabilities was designated as the 10th year for persons with disabilities, and the action plans were enhanced. Furthermore, the countries of Asia and the Pacific promoted the establishment of the 1993 years for persons with disabilities in the Asia-Pacific region from 2002 to 10. Among these, as one of the welfare principlesNormalizationBegan to be emphasized. afterwards,InclusionThe word (inclusion) begins to be emphasized as a new idea.

    Social welfare of each country

    United Kingdom

    In the United Kingdom, the Poor Laws, which were individually implemented by the Elizabeth Poor Law of 1601, were unitized by parish.[6].. And we responded to the poor according to their labor capacity.[6].. In addition, measures were taken by providing apprenticeship to children who are not obliged to support.[6].

    In 1782, the Gilbert Act was enacted to cover employment mediation and out-of-hospital relief for talented poor people.[7].

    A new Poor Law was enacted in 1834[8].. This new Poor LawThomas Robert Malthusof"Population principle(1798), the contents include uniform relief levels nationwide, limitation of relief methods (accommodation in workhouses), and the principle of inferior treatment.[8].. The strict control of public relief for the poor under the new Civil Code continued until the 1948 National Relief Act was enacted.[8].

    The United States of America

    In the United States, the Colonial Poor Law was enacted on Rhode Island in 1647.[7].. The Poor Law was enacted in New York in 1683.[7].

    1877 in BuffaloCharity Organization SocietyWas established[7].

    1935 years,New Deal PolicyAs part ofSocial security lawWas enacted[3].. The Social Security Act provides federal old-age survivor pensions, state-owned unemployment insurance, public assistance, and state government subsidies for welfare services.[3].


    The history of social welfare in JapanPrince ShotokuWas erected and its name still remains todaySaidainYou can go back to relief facilities such as. Also, during the Ritsuryo era, the emperor's bustling (Bustle) There was also a system[9].

    The first unified decree in Japan similar to the English Poor LawsMeiji7 years(1874)ofRescue rulesMet. AlsoShowa4 years(1929)Relief method, After the warWelfare ActHolds,Right to lifeLegal development was promoted[10].

    Shoji YamakiIn his book, The Bible and Handicap, "The highly developed social welfare of our country today, therefore, falls into materialism, which is why it is positioned internally. > Gradually began to downplay, and conversely, there is a sad situation as if superficial welfare systems, measures and guarantees are controlling those who really need them. " .. (Masaharu Yamaki, "The Bible and Handicap" (Ichigakusha, 1991) "(pp.134))

    Social spending

    In the OECD Social Expenditure Database, social spending is tabulated in the following nine categories.[1][11].

    Senior citizens(Old-age)
    Old-age pension, early retirement pension, home and facilityNursing careServices
    Bereaved family(Survivors)
    Survivor pensionAnd funeral spending
    handicapped(Incapacity-related benefits)
    Care, disability assistance,Labor accidentInjury and illness assistance,Injury and sickness allowance
    Outpatient and inpatient care, medical supplies, disease prevention
    Children's allowanceAnd financing, childcare support, childcare leave support, single parent support
    (Active labor market policies)
    Employment services, vocational training, employment support for persons with disabilities, direct job creation, entrepreneurship support
    Unemployment benefit, Early retirement support
    , Rental housing subsidy
    Other social policy areas
    In addition, subsidies for low-income families, food subsidies, etc.

    Public spending

    GDP ratio of public and social expenditures of OECD countries% (2011)[1]
    Mexico South KoreaチリCanadaAustralia米 国SwitzerlandOECD averageNorway英国Japan NetherlandsGermanySpainSwedenItalyFinlandDenmarkFrance
    Senior citizens1.
    Bereaved family0.
    Aggressive labor policy0.

    Private spending

    GDP ratio of private social spending in OECD countries% (2011)[1]
    MexicoSpainItalyNorwaySwedenFinland South KoreaGermanyIsraelOECD
    SwedenAustraliaJapanFranceCanadaDenmark英国 Netherlands米 国
    Senior citizensN/A00.30.700.20.10.8N/A1.

    Welfare of animals other than humans

    Chronological Table


    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ a b c d e OECD Social Expenditure Statistics (Report). OECD. (2011). two:10.1787 / socx-data-en. http://www.oecd.org/els/soc/expenditure.htm. 
    2. ^ a b "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.197
    3. ^ a b c "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.188
    4. ^ a b c d "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.187
    5. ^ a b c d 24 White Paper on Health, Labor and Welfare (Report). Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. (2012). Pp. 81-82. https://www.mhlw.go.jp/wp/hakusyo/kousei/12/. 
    6. ^ a b c "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.47
    7. ^ a b c d "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.452
    8. ^ a b c "Standard Social Welfare Glossary" 2006, p.221
    9. ^ Characteristics of Japanese social welfare history and periodization. Retrieved August 2012, 8,http://www.kbc.gr.jp/ai/study/rekishi.htm
    10. ^ "World Encyclopedia(1988 version) (平凡 社) "Public assistance" item
    11. ^ Social security benefit expenses (21) (Report). National Institute of Population and Social Security Research(2011-10). Appendix, International Comparison of OECD Standard Social Expenditure. http://www.ipss.go.jp/ss-cost/j/kyuhuhi-h21/kyuuhu_h21.asp. 
    12. ^ a b Formation of Japan's social security systemNaoki Kamo, Bulletin of Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Contemporary Social Studies, Kyoto Women's University 2 1-27, 2008-03-31
    13. ^ Pioneer of social welfare Red hat SanrakuTakahisa Kimura, Yokohama History Study Group, 2018/12
    14. ^ http://www.yofuen.com/profile/history.html Information on Yofuen / History
    15. ^ http://www.hiruda.or.jp/outline100.htm Social welfare corporation St. Hilda Association
    16. ^ Elderly Care Research Floor Report "2015 Elderly Care"Planning and Law Section, General Affairs Division, Health and Welfare Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

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