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💴 | Donations utilizing "Corporate Hometown Tax Payment" to Nemuro City, Hokkaido-Contributing to the conservation of biodiversity and regional revitalization-


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Donated to Nemuro City, Hokkaido using "Corporate Hometown Tax Payment" -Contributing to the Conservation of Biodiversity and Regional Revitalization-

 
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Since 2007, we have been carrying out biodiversity conservation activities on company-owned land in Nemuro City.
 

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Nemuro

Nemuro(Nemuroshi) isHokkaidoEastern (Eastern Hokkaido)It is inCity.Nemuro Promotion BureauThe location of the Promotion Bureau.Hokkaido main islandThe easternmost municipality andJapan OfCityLocated in the easternmost part of the country.

Overview

Hokkaido main island145 east-west between 21 ° 146'to 11 ° 43'east longitude and 09 ° 43'to 38 ° 70' north latitude km, 10 km north-south, elongated east-westThe Pacific OceanProtruding intoNemuro PeninsulaAnd around the base of the peninsula,Northern Territories OfHabomai IslandsIs the most popular city in JapanNorthern TerritoriesIt is a city close to.About 3 km off the Pacific Ocean on the Nemuro PeninsulaYururi Island-Moyururi IslandThere is.

Geography

terrain

Generally low flat uplifted seafood plateau, mountains and largeRiverSince the center of the city is part of a transparent plateau, there are highs and lows in the terrain, and the streets have many gentle slopes, with Cape Red Smoke protruding to the northeast and the sea level to the west.BentenjimaLying down and becoming a natural harbor gateNemuro PortIs shaping.

The land is almost flat and suitable for livestock farming, the eastern end of the peninsulaCape NosappuAroundReefIn addition, it is known as a difficult place for voyage due to deep fog.Cape Nosappu LighthouseOn the other hand, large and small islands are scattered on the Pacific Ocean side, and each of the harbor inlets protruding to the southeastHabomai, Hanasaki, and Ochiishi ports, which serve as important fishing ports, with no freezing during the winter, and along the coast.Offshore fishingAs a base forNemuro PortIt is the front and back.

In addition, inland thick floors,WadaThe district is mostly flat plain with a maximum back of 150m,hillsThere are no large rivers mixed with streams, and there are only a few small rivers, the Onnebetsu River and the Bettoga River, and the Horonitai River.

Geology

Most of the area is a wind-filled volcanic soil formed by depositing volcanic ejecta from the Chishima volcanic system Mashudake, and the soil texture is generally volcanic ash soil except for peat soil.

climate

Cool in summer真 夏日Days andSummerThe number of days is short.In winterNemuro PeninsulaFrom the influence of the locationEastern HokkaidoThe warmest of allAnnual range,Daily rangeBoth are smallOceanic climateHas a strong characteristic.From spring to summerSea fogIs likely to occur, and fine weather continues from autumn to winter[1]..There is little snow in Hokkaido, and the deepest snowfall ever is 115 cm (2014/March 3) and a little over 21m.The highest temperature ever was 1 ℃ (2019/May 5th)2015/On August 8, the runner-up 5 ℃ was observed, while the lowest temperature ever was -33.6 ℃ (1931/May 2th)1978/Since observing -2 ° C on February 17, no temperature below -22.1 ° C has been observed.It has been observed for a long time and is used as one of the calculation points of the average temperature in Japan as a point where the influence of urbanization is small.

Climate of Yasakae-cho, Nemuro City (Nemuro Special Area Meteorological Observatory, altitude 25m)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)10.3
(50.5)
9.5
(49.1)
14.7
(58.5)
23.3
(73.9)
34.0
(93.2)
32.1
(89.8)
32.4
(90.3)
33.6
(92.5)
29.5
(85.1)
24.2
(75.6)
19.2
(66.6)
13.4
(56.1)
34.0
(93.2)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−0.9
(30.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.2
(36)
7.4
(45.3)
11.9
(53.4)
14.9
(58.8)
18.7
(65.7)
20.9
(69.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.7
(58.5)
8.6
(47.5)
2.1
(35.8)
9.9
(49.8)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−3.4
(25.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.5
(38.3)
7.7
(45.9)
10.9
(51.6)
14.9
(58.8)
17.4
(63.3)
16.2
(61.2)
11.6
(52.9)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−6.5
(20.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.5
(32.9)
4.5
(40.1)
8.1
(46.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14.8
(58.6)
13.6
(56.5)
8.5
(47.3)
2.3
(36.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
3.6
(38.5)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−22.7
(-8.9)
−22.9
(-9.2)
−21.1
(-6)
−13.4
(7.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
0.4
(32.7)
6.3
(43.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.1
(4.8)
−22.9
(-9.2)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)30.6
(1.205)
23.5
(0.925)
47.0
(1.85)
64.4
(2.535)
96.2
(3.787)
103.0
(4.055)
115.1
(4.531)
132.3
(5.209)
160.0
(6.299)
126.1
(4.965)
83.2
(3.276)
59.0
(2.323)
1,040.4
(40.961)
Snowfall cm (inch)43
(16.9)
39
(15.4)
36
(14.2)
12
(4.7)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
28
(11)
159
(62.6)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5 mm)9.76.39.410.611.310.111.011.811.510.710.810.4123.6
Average number of snowfall days23.220.519.412.92.60.00.00.00.00.76.117.5105.3
(I.e.71727578838991898476706979
Average monthlyDaylight hours154.4164.1190.8180.9171.6135.5117.3124.6144.5162.8148.2151.81,846.7
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1879-present)[2][3]
Climate of Nemuro (Nemuro weather station, 1961-1990 average)
Month123456789101112Years
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−1.7
(28.9)
−2.2
(28)
1.1
(34)
6.9
(44.4)
11.7
(53.1)
14.3
(57.7)
17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
18.5
(65.3)
14.1
(57.4)
7.9
(46.2)
2.1
(35.8)
9.3
(48.7)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−4.5
(23.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
3.1
(37.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
15.3
(59.5)
10.8
(51.4)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.9
(42.6)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−8.1
(17.4)
−8.9
(16)
−5.1
(22.8)
0.1
(32.2)
4.0
(39.2)
7.4
(45.3)
11.4
(52.5)
14.4
(57.9)
12.5
(54.5)
7.5
(45.5)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.9
(25)
2.7
(36.9)
Source: Science Chronology
Changes in average temperature ° C
Changes in maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and humidity
Average maximum temperature[Note 1]
Maximum temperature (maximum value)[Note 2]
Maximum temperature (minimum value)[Note 3]
Average minimum temperature[Note 4]
Minimum temperature (minimum value)[Note 5]
Minimum temperature (maximum value)[Note 6]
Days of each class[Note 7]
Changes in average humidity
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]

Region

Residential estate

  • Prefectural housing Hanasaki housing complex
  • Prefectural Housing Park Town Meiji
  • Meiji, which is a prefectural house

population

Population distribution of Nemuro, Hokkaido, Japan.svg
Population distribution by age in Nemuro City and the whole country (2005)Population distribution by age and gender in Nemuro City (2005)
■Purple-Nemuro City
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of Nemuro City (corresponding area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan
Disappearing village

According to the 2015 Census, the following villages have a population of 0 at the time of the survey:Disappearing villageHas become[5].

  • Nemuro City-Shunkunitai, Benten Island, Yururi Island, Moyururi Island, Nemuro Port, Hanasaki Port

History

Recorded history

  • Kansei2 years(1790/)Matsumae clan OfTransport officeMoved from Nokkamappu (currently Makinouchi, Nemuro City) to Nemuro, which was the origin of the village.Nemuro is "Child Moro" (Child is NeKana Kana) It is said that it was taken from a stream where driftwood gathers at the mouth of the river, writing "roots".Also,AinuThere is also a theory that it was taken from Nimuoro (where the trees grow).The Nokkamappu, where there was a transportation station in front of Nemuro, was from the previous year.Battle of Kunashiri MenashiIt was the place where the mastermind was executed.It is said that the reason for the relocation was to avoid the Nokka map, which was disliked by the Ainu because of this.11th year of Kansei (1799/) In Higashi EzoHeavenAt that time, the Nemuro transportation office was changed to the Nemuro Kaisho.
  • Bunsei4 years(1821/)Matsumae clanReturned to the territory.
  • Ansei2 years(1855/) When it becomes a tenryo againSendai DomainIs on a business tripJinyaWas built and guarded.
  • Meiji2 years(1869/)June,11 counties in 86 countries in HokkaidoWas enacted, and the area corresponding to the current Nemuro city isNemuro countryIncluded inHanasaki-gunとNemuroWas placed.
  • In March 2 (Meiji 1869)PioneerNemuro branch office was set up in June 3.TokyoThe jurisdiction of Tokyo Prefecture in the three counties of Nemuro Province will be abolished on October 10, the same year.19th year of Meiji1871/) Renamed to Nemuro Business Trip Development Branch Office in May, 5 (Meiji 5)1872/) The name was changed to Nemuro branch office from September.These government offices had the role of supervising the administration of eastern Hokkaido.1882/From (Meiji 15)1886/Until (Meiji 19), it was the prefectural capital of Nemuro Prefecture.1886/(Meiji 19) When the Hokkaido Government Office was established in January, Nemuro Prefecture was abolished, and the Nemuro Branch Office was temporarily established until December.1897/In (Meiji 30), when the Nemuro branch office, which is much narrower than before, was set up, it became its location and continues to this day.
  • Nemuro at the beginning of the Meiji era was the largest town in eastern Hokkaido.It was a temporary place for fishermen working in the surrounding waters, and the population fluctuated greatly depending on the season.1877/When was abolished in (Meiji 10) and the rule of minority merchants disappeared, the number of people who lived permanently in Nemuro increased, and shops began to line up.
  • Before and after the war, it developed as one of the leading fisheries cities in Japan.Pacific WarIn the final stage of 1945 (Showa 20)U.S. ForcesThere was a military attack by7/14 OfHokkaido air raidAt that time, 369 people were killed.Most of the city of Nemuro was burnt down and devastated, but it was reconstructed after the war.1957/(Showa 32)NemuroWadaMerged with and enforced the city system,1959/(Showa 34)Hanasaki-gunHabomaiWas incorporated and merged.

Chronology (after the Meiji era)

  • 2th year of Meiji (1869/) In September, Judge Matsumoto, a pioneer ambassador, will lead 9 immigrants to live with his staff and set up the pioneer ambassador in Nemuro.The Wada area will be under the jurisdiction of the Nemuro Development Commission.
  • 1880/(13th year of Meiji)- ChiefIs placed.
  • 1892/(25th year of Meiji)- Seiryuji Templeopen.
  • 1931/ (6)8/24 - LindbergThe couple flew across the North Pacific Ocean and arrived in Nemuro.
  • 1957/(32)8/1 --Nemuro-gunNemuro Town-Wada New mergerThen,NemuroWas launched.
  • 1959/(34)4/1 - Hanasaki-gunHabomaiTheTransferTo do.
  • 1968/(Showa 43) --Implement a 100th anniversary commemorative project.

Politics

Administration

Successive chiefs

From the head of the house to the mayor of the town, unless otherwise specified, according to the "Nemuro / Chishima History Biographical Dictionary"[6].

代NameInaugurationResignationRemarks
Nemuro Tocho
1Ebiko GennosukeJune 1872, 6 (April 3, 5)
2Kazo Miura1875 (8th year of Meiji)
3不詳
Mayor Nemuro (government election)
Risuke YamamotoMay 1900, 33December 1900 (Meiji 33)Office handling
Kensaburo AdachiDecember 1900 (Meiji 33)May 1900, 33Office handling
1Risuke YamamotoMay 1900, 33May 1903, 36
2Ryuzo FukaoMay 1903, 36May 1907, 40
3Keizo OnoMay 1907, 40May 1911, 44
4Yunao SakagyuMay 1912, 45May 1921, 10 (Taisho 10)
5Sadachi MotohashiMay 1922, 11 (Taisho 2)1930 (Showa 5)/2/5
6Ando Ishinori1930 (Showa 5)/8/11936 (Showa 11)/7/25
7Yutaka Matsuo1936 (Showa 11)/9/71940 (Showa 15)/9/6
8Toshihiro Hayashi1940 (Showa 15)/10/271943 (Showa 18)/3/19
9Ando Ishinori1943 (Showa 18)/6/121946 (Showa 21)/11/7
Mayor Nemuro (public election)
10Toshio Kishida1947 (Showa 22)/4/71951 (Showa 26)/4/24
11Masagami Togashi1951 (Showa 26)/5/81957 (Showa 32)/7/31
Mayor Nemuro (public election)
First generationHisao Nishimura1957/9/161964/9/5
2 feeToshio Yokota1964/10/41974/9/1
3 feeIzanagi Terashima1974/9/301986/9/28
4 feeKoji Oya1986/9/291998/9/28
5 feeHiroshi Fujiwara1998/9/292006/9/28
6 feeShunsuke Hasegawa2006/9/292018/9/28
7 feeMasatoshi Ishigaki2018/9/29Incumbent
  • About the affairs of the Northern Territories
1983/(58)4/1Enforced in "Act on Special Measures to Promote Resolution of Northern Territories Problems(Showa 57According to Law No. 85) "Northern TerritoriesNemuro City is in charge of family register affairs.This is because the "nominated person" in Article 11 of the same law is the mayor of Nemuro (Notification based on the Act on Special Measures for Promoting the Resolution of Northern Territories, etc. (March 58, 3). Ministry of Justice Notification No. 1, April 63, 58 Ministry of Justice / Ministry of Home Affairs Notification No. 4)).That period is the year to which the date of the return of the northern territory belongs.3/31Up to[7].

Parliament

City council

City council
  • Fixed number: 18 people (16 from the next term)[8][9])
  • Term expiration date:2021/(3nd year of Reiwa)9/14

National agency

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

  • Hokkaido Labor BureauNemuro Public Employment Security Office
  • Otaru Quarantine Station Hanasaki Branch Office

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Defense

Ministry of Justice

裁判 所

Facility

Policemen

Police station
Police box
  • Police box in front of the station (2-7 Kowa, Nemuro City)
  • Sakurabashi police box (2-4 Yayoi, Nemuro City)
  • Meiji police box (2-16-2 Meiji, Nemuro City)
Office
  • Atsutoko Station (1-36 Atsutoko, Nemuro City)
  • Ochiishi Station (392, Ochiishihigashi, Nemuro City)
  • Nosappu Station (33 Nosappu, Nemuro City)
  • Hanasaki Representative Office (164-3 Hanasaki Port, Nemuro City)
  • Habomai Station (4-40-1 Habomai, Nemuro City)

Fire

Headquarters
Fire department
  • Nemuro City Fire Department
Distribution office
  • Hanasaki Port (Hanasaki Port 366-5)
  • Atsutoko (Attoko 1-37, 38)
  • Habomai (Habomai 4-40)

Medical

Main hospital

post office

Main post office
  • Nemuro Post Office(Honmachi) (Collection and Delivery Bureau)
  • Atsutoko Post Office (Atsutoko) (Collection and Delivery Office)
  • Habomai Post Office (Habomai)
  • Ochiishi Post Office (Ochiishihigashi)
  • Nemuro Nishihama Post Office (Nishihamacho)
  • Nemuro Taisho Post Office (Taishocho)
  • Goyomai Post Office(Goyomai)- Japan's easternmost post office
  • Nemuro Port Post Office (Chishimacho)
  • Nemuro Ariiso Post Office (Ariiso Town)
  • Nemuro Heinai Post Office (Heinaicho)
  • Hanasaki Post Office (Hanasaki Port)
  • Nemuro-Ake Simple Post Office (Akemachi)
  • Koyo Post Office (Koyocho)
  • Wada Simple Post Office (Nishiwada)
  • Onneto Simple Post Office (Onneto)

Foreign relations

Sister cities / sister cities

Overseas

sister city

Domestic

sister city

Economy

Primary industry

Agriculture:

mainlydairy..Mostly in the Attoko area.

Fishing industry
Agricultural cooperative/fishing cooperative

Secondary industry

Major companies based

Tertiary industry

logistics
Nemuro East Center / Nemuro West Center (Both centers are located in the same building, have the same telephone number, and divide the area in charge in the city into two)
  • Sagawa Express: Nemuro Sales Office (You can bring your luggage to be shipped and pick up your luggage at the sales office, but the Nakashibetsu Sales Office will handle telephone calls such as pick-up reception)

Financial institution

■Kushiro Credit UnionAlthough Nemuro City is included in the business area, the branch office2022/3(4th year of Reiwa) Not yet advanced.

Education

high school

Prefectural

Compulsory education school

City

Junior high school

City
  • Nemuro City Koyo Junior High School
  • Nemuro Municipal Kashiwaryo Junior High School
  • Nemuro Municipal Ochiishi Junior High School
  • Nemuro City Keiun Junior High School

primary school

City
  • Nemuro City Hokuto Elementary School
  • Nemuro Municipal Hanasaki Elementary School
  • Nemuro City Hanasaki Port Elementary School
  • Nemuro City Ochiishi Elementary School
  • Nemuro Municipal Naruo Elementary School

Elementary and junior high school

  • Nemuro Municipal Kaisei Elementary and Junior High School (Wada Elementary School, Horomoshiri Elementary School, and Wada Naka School are integrated)
  • Nemuro City Atsutoko Elementary and Junior High School

Telecommunications

Mass media

Newspaper/communication

Broadcaster

tv set
Radio station

Relay station

Transportation

空港

There is no airport in the city.Nakashibetsu TownIt is inNakashibetsu AirportIs the closest.The airlines and airport terminal building operating companies that operate the airport use the name "Namuro Nakashibetsu Airport."

Train

Hokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido Kushiro Branch)

Abandoned railway line

Hokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido Kushiro Branch)
Nemuro Takushoku Railway
  • 1959/(34) Abolished.Until it was abolished, it was the easternmost railway in Japan.

bus

Transit Bus

Taxi

  • Central hire
  • Nemuro Higher
  • Hokuto taxi

道路

highway

National road

Road

Road Station

More informations

Port

Tourism

Cultural property

Registered tangible cultural property

  • Nemuro City Meiji Park Daiichi Silo
  • Nemuro City Meiji Park Second Silo
  • Nemuro City Meiji Park Third Silo

Historic site

Natural treasure

More informations

  • Wada Tondenhei Village Clothing Storage-Hokkaido Designated Tangible Cultural Property, Wada Tonden Memorial Hall
  • Earth figurines excavated from Hatsutaushi 20 ruins and relics excavated from graves-Hokkaido designated tangible cultural property, Nemuro City History and Nature Museum
  • Yururi Moyururi Island Seabird Breeding Area-Hokkaido Designated Natural Monument

Nemuro City designated cultural property

  • 4 tangible cultural properties such as the swordsman, the eagle sword, and the pottery with animal design excavated from the Hoka pit group
  • Ainu Living Tools-Nemuro City History and Nature Museum Collection
  • Goyomai Shishi Kagura --- Goyomai Shishi Kagura Preservation Society
  • Kansei uprisingJapanese Martyrdom Tombstone-Cape Nosappu
  • Wada Tondenhei Monument
  • Quercus crispula wind forest

Nearby Tourist Spots

Culture/Specialty

Festivals and events

Cape Nosappu first day visit (January), Nimuoro Winter Festival (February),Ochiishi / Taste Festival(June), Port Festival (July),Kotohira ShrineAnnual festival (August), crab festival (September), saury festival (September)

Specialty

Specialty goods

Origin/related celebrities

Person with connection

  • 大 坂 な お み(Osaka): Professional tennis player.My mother is from Nemuro City, and my maternal grandfather is the head of the Nemuro Fisheries Cooperative Association.[13].

Works set in Nemuro City

movies

Drama

Novel

Comic

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (9.9)"
  2. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (25.5)"
  3. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (-9.3)"
  4. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (3.2)"
  5. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (17.7)"
  6. ^ The following figures are not described due to lack of data "1917 (16.3)"
  7. ^ 以下の数値は資料不足値の為未記載「1917(<0℃最低116,≧25℃(最低)0,<0℃最高42,≧25℃(最高)1,,≧30℃(最高)0,≧35℃(最高)0」

Source

  1. ^ Climate in Nemuro area(Broken link)
  2. ^ "Normal value download”. Japan Meteorological Agency. March 2021Browse.
  3. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. March 2021Browse.
  4. ^ "Past weather data". Japanese Meteorological Agency. 2021/4/23Browse.
  5. ^ Census Division, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2017-01-27) (CSV). 27 National Census Subregion Total 01 Hokkaido << Age (5 years old), Population by gender, Total age and average age (Foreigners-Special)-Machicho, characters, etc. (Report). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. https://www.e-stat.go.jp/stat-search/files/data?fileid=000007841019&rcount=1 2017/5/20Browse.. *Even if there is an area of ​​0 people in a part of a section of an article, it is excluded if there is a population in another same section.
  6. ^ Nemuro / Chishima History Biographical Dictionary Editorial Committee 2002, Pages 366-367.
  7. ^ "Decree related to the Northern Territories Affairs Administration of the Cabinet Office". 2021/5/22Browse.
  8. ^ "About city council”. Nemuro City. 2021/8/30Browse.
  9. ^ "Nemuro city council member election”. Election dot com. 2021/8/30Browse.
  10. ^ Habomai (Habomai District Elementary School Integration / Small and Middle School Opening Preparation Committee General Affairs Subcommittee)
  11. ^ "About October 28 schedule revision" (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (December 2015, 12), originalArchived as of October 2015, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20151219125248/https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151218-2.pdf 2021/1/6Browse. 
  12. ^ “About the March 2019 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (December 2018, 12), originalArchived as of October 2018, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20181214160232/https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20181214_KO_H31Kaisei.pdf 2021/1/6Browse. 
  13. ^ Naomi Osaka's grandfather and Tetsuo Nemuro fishermen's association president, tour win "I've become stronger" / Hokkaido (Mainichi Shimbun April 2018, 3)

References

  • Nemuro / Chishima Biographical Dictionary Editorial Board, edited by Nemuro / Chishima Biographical Dictionary, Nemuro / Chishima Biographical Dictionary Publishing Association, 2002. 

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