Burger King / "AEON TOWN Utazu store" opened in Kagawa prefecture with advance into Shikoku
If you write the contents roughly
It is said that it plans to open more new stores in Shikoku and Chugoku regions in the future.
BK Japan Holdings will be on the 1st floor of "AEON TOWN Utazu" in Utazu-cho, Ayauta-gun, Kagawa Prefecture on January 25th. → Continue reading
Wikipedia related words
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Origin of the name
Called the "Chugoku" regionDesignationThe origin of is not clear.Japanese mythToReeds china(Ashihara no Nakatsukuni) or Toyohashihara China (Toyoashihara no Nakatsukuni) is the whole of JapanNameHas appeared as.One theory isAncient times,KinaiAroundRegulatory countryToNear country""Chugoku""Distant countryIt is said that most of this region corresponds to "China" when it is distinguished into ""..
On the other hand,Mamiya RinzoUsing the materials ofbookIn Mamiya Rinzō's Teisuke Murakami ed.,Edo PeriodUntil then, the word "China" was used ambiguously.Meiji Era OfUchimura Kanzo TheHiroshimaWith peopleYamaguchiI called the person "Chinese".On the other hand, the continental China, which is currently easily confused,Ancient india"Cina" in the name of ChinaChina""Aurora""Shintan, And these terms have also been used in the Japanese Buddhist world.Outside the Buddhist world, "KarakoshiWas also used.In the middle of the Edo periodWestern EuropeName inSinae(Latin) Has been used in the Buddhist world as an AtejiChinaWas discovered, and since the Meiji era, successive generationsdynastyApart from the name, the continental China was paraphrased as "China" as a regional name, a general name for the era and dynasty, and the meaning of "China" for the Japanese became stronger as the "Chugoku region" of Japan.
literatureThe early example above isSouthern Dynasty : Shohei4 years/North morning : Sadakazu5 years(1349/)Naoyuki Ashikaga Bitchu,Bingo,Aki,Suo,Nagato,Izumo,Houki,Inaba"" To defeat 8 countriesChinese tandaiSeen as ("Teacher record""Taiheki") That, the next1350/ToKono Moroyasu Naoyuki AshikagaSubjugationIn "Chugoku Nikkosu" (""),1354/ToGeneralYoshiakira Yori HosokawaWas ordered to "defeat the Chinese thugs" (""), etc.Northern and Northern DynastiesIn the middle, the central rulers recognized the current Chugoku region (sometimes including Shikoku) as almost "China."Also in the centerPolitical powerWas an enemy land or an antagonistic area with the enemy.Tensho10 years(1582/) HasHideyoshi ToyotomibyChinese big buckThere was also a large movement of the corps called.However, the name "China" at that time was just a popular name, and one of Japan's eight regional systems was called "Chugoku region".Taisho eraAfter that.A country called "China" on the continent (Republic of China) Was established in Japan at the end of the Meiji eraPrefectureIs referred to as an "administrative division", and the regional division was then called a "geographical division".Regulatory countryBased on the classification ofGoki eight roadsWas being used.
In addition, Travel industryCentered onSea of JapanIs the name of the sideSan'inとSeto Inland SeaIs the name of the sideSanyoTogetherSanin Sanyo regionThe name (saninsanyochiho) is sometimes used."陰陽'There is also a case called (inyo)Especially connecting Sanin and SanyotransportationFor a long time,Yin and Yang contactIs used[Annotation 1].
Eastern countryAgainstWestern countrySometimes called (Saigoku), it is an exception in modern times, but it is a name that was often used in the past.Also, in a wider areaShikoku regionTogether withChugoku / Shikoku regionSometimes called (Chugoku-Shikoku).
climateIs very different between Sanin and Sanyo.IslatitudeForcoldThe feature isTohoku regionSame aselevationLower than the point oftemperatureTheObservationIn some cases.SaninSea of Japan side climateso,Winter:TosnowThere are many.The whole area of Tottori prefecture, the inland area of Shimane prefecture, the northern part of Okayama prefecture, and the northern part of Hiroshima prefectureHeavy snowfallIt has become.On the other hand, SanyoSeto Inland Sea climateAnd throughout the year(I.e.However, in western areas such as Yamaguchi and Hiroshima prefecturesrainy seasonToWarm and humid flowSusceptible to(I.e.May be.
- River flowing to the Sea of Japan
- A river flowing into the Seto Inland Sea
- Tottori Plain
- Kurayoshi Plain
- Yonago Plain
- Matsue Plain
- Izumo Plain
- Okayama Plain
- Hiroshima Plain
- Fukuyama Plain
- Sea of Japan side
- Oki Islands
- Radish island
- Qinghai Island
- Lid island
- Pacific Ocean side
- Bisan Islands
- Geiyo Islands
- Boso Islands
Chugoku region range
Tottori-Shimane -Okayama-Hiroshima-Yamaguchi 5PrefectureConsists of.. In addition,AdministrationAs the above jurisdictionJapanese Meteorological AgencyExcept for Yamaguchi PrefectureJapan Coast GuardIs in the northwestern part of Yamaguchi Prefecture,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismMaritime office TheShimonosekiexcept for.
|ISO 3166-2||Name of prefectures||National ranking||population||Percentage (nationwide)||Percentage (China)|
Population by age group
Estimated population as of October 2004, 10
|5 - 9||358|
|10 - 14||361|
|15 - 19||396|
|20 - 24||447|
|25 - 29||477|
|30 - 34||537|
|35 - 39||455|
|40 - 44||436|
|45 - 49||468|
|50 - 54||562|
|55 - 59||603|
|60 - 64||520|
|65 - 69||457|
|70 - 74||436|
|75 - 79||370|
|Over 80 years old||467|
Population by age group
Estimated population as of October 2004, 10
- Data source:Table 10 / Prefectures, Age (5 years old), Population by Gender-Total Population
(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau)
Major of the five prefectures in the Chugoku regioncityWill be posted.
- Government-designated city
- Hiroshima city(1,191,833 people)Okayama City(718,820 people)
- Core city
- Kurashiki(471,298 people)Fukuyama City(455,490 people)Shimonoseki(249,141 people)Kure(207,177 people)Matsue(200,823 people)Tottori City(186,281 people)
- Special city at the time of enforcement
- No applicable city
Other than the abovePrefectural office location
- Yamaguchi City(192,215 people)
- Hiroshima Economic Zone
- East Seto Economic Area
- Nakaumi/Lake Shinji/Mt. Ooyama area
(In this section, the continental "ChugokuIn order to distinguish it from "Chugoku region", it is written as "San'in Sanyo". )
3st centuryToKinkiでYamato kingshipWhen was established, the political forces of Sanin Sanyo near Kinki quickly joined the Yamato kingdom.Sanyo's, which was the two major spheres of influence at that timeKibi countryAnd SaninIzumoWhile maintaining independence, it also maintained a power balance with the Yamato kingdom, and in the Nara periodKibi MabiProduced high-ranking officials.However, the Yamato kingdom, which felt a sense of crisis about the prosperity of Kibi Province, divided Kibi Province and lost its power.
10st century OfTenkei3 years(940/)By the time,KantoでTaira Shomon KinaiAgainst the administration反 乱When you wake up, in SanyoJun FujiwaraRebelled against the Kinai administration (Johei Tenkei no Ran). 2 years(1185/)Yamaguchi Shimonoseki OfKanmon Strait OfDannouraso,GenjiとHeikeLast battle (Battle of Dannoura) Occurred, and the Heike was destroyed in this war.
Kamakura period-Muromachi period
Kamakura PeriodからMuromachi PeriodUp toMurakami SuigunWas based in the Seto Inland Sea.Fitting trade in the Muromachi period (Nichimei Trading) In the Seto Inland SeaPirateWe arePiratesBecomeKorean PeninsulaLooted in the vicinity.In this region, Mr. Yamana in Sanin and Mr. Ouchi and Mr. Akamatsu in Sanyo came to have great power in the war of the Northern and Southern Dynasties.ShogunYoshimitsu AshikagaSucceeded in halving these powers, but when the power of the Muromachi Shogunate declined, it became stronger again.Onin's rebellionContributed to
Warring States period-Edo period
Sengoku periodIn this region, guardian daimyos such as Mr. Ouchi, Mr. Takeda, Mr. Yamana, and Mr. Akamatsu often became warring lords, but when Mr. Amago, who expelled Mr. Kyogoku in Gekokujo, became the guardian of Izumo, he became a guardian of nine countries. became.16st centuryIn the first halfMr. OuchiFrom Sanin SanyoNorthern KyushuStraddle the sphere of influence and become its baseYamaguchiIs "Saikyo" (Western京都) Was prosperous.Yoshitaka Ouchi Guardian fee OfTohru KenWhen he committed suicide due to his rebellion, he gained power among the people of Aki.Motonari Mori Dow,AmakoDestroyed and conquered Sanin Sanyo.Mr. Mouri is in the south central part of SanyoHiroshimaSince then, Hiroshima has become the number one city in the vast area controlled by Mr. Mori, which extends to Sanin Sanyo.Mr. Mouri remained in power under the Toyotomi administration with almost no damage.
However,Keicho5 years(1600/)ofBattle of SekigaharaAnd the western armyMitsunari Ishida Tokugawa IeyasuLost to the eastern army ledTerumoto MoriAlsoOsaka CastleWhen you move out, you will be based in HiroshimaHagiMoved to (Choshu clan), The territory also responded to the East ArmyHirokawa YoshikawaWas to be addressed toSuo-NagatoIt was reduced to two countries.In addition to this, BizenUkita HideyaWas also reformed because he was on the side of the Western Army.
Edo PeriodWhen it became, daimyo of various sizes came to occupy.As the main clanTottori Domain,Matsue Domain,Hamada domain,Tsuwano Clan,Okayama Domain,Tsuyama Domain,Fukuyama Domain,Hiroshima Domain,Iwakuni,ClanThere is.Of these, the Ikeda clan of the Tottori clan and the Okayama clan are related to Ieyasu Tokugawa, and the Fukuyama clan is the maternal cousin of Ieyasu Tokugawa.Mizuno KatsunariThe reliability of the shogunate was also high, such as being distributed.EspeciallyOkayamaとHiroshimaHelped the clan's economic development, and became one of the top ten in Japan in the latter half of the Edo period.castle townHas grown to
From the end of the Edo period to World War II
BakumatsuからMeiji RestorationIn the turbulent periodEdo ShogunateWas burning hostility towardsChoshu clanLed the defeat movement from beginning to end.For this reason, the Choshu clan created many human resources in the Japanese political world during the Meiji era.Tsuwano ClanIn the early Meiji eraWest Zhou,Mori OgaiProduced intellectuals such as.
By Western powersColonyAs the transformation progresses all over the worldMeiji government TheWealthy soldiersHe took a policy and escaped colonization.at that time,Korean Peninsula,ChugokuSanyo, which is close toKitakyushuIt is,Economy,MilitaryIt also became a key point in.1894/(Meiji27 years)Sino-Japanese warOccurs,Imperial AssemblyとOmotoIs extraordinaryHiroshimaSince then, Hiroshima has moved toLogisticsIt also became a munitions city.Also located near HiroshimaKure,EtajimaAlso became the home of the Imperial Japanese Navy.Is this the effect?Second World WarJust before the end of the war, in Hiroshima, the military cityU.S. ForcesByAtomic bombWas dropped, Okayama,Kure, Tokuyama,Shimonoseki,FukuyamaAll major cities at that time were hit by heavy air raids.
After World War II
In the 1970s,Kakuei TanakaIf the administration advocates "redistribution to rural areas," the transportation network will be improved in Sanin Sanyo.Sanyo ShinkansenIt is,1972/ToOkayama stationOpen up to1975/(Showa50 years)
In addition, after the period of high economic miracle, "DepopulationとOvercrowdingBecame apparent, and the trunk line that crosses the Sanin Sanyo regionhighwayIs one ofChugoku ExpresswayIt is,Tsuyama,Niimi,three timesIt was constructed as a route that goes through mountainous areas such as.Sanyo ExpresswayAll of1997/(HeiseiIt was the end of 9 years.Around this time,1988/ToSeto Ohashi BridgeBut,1999/ToShimanami KaidoWas opened, but the result was that the gap between Sanin and Sanyo became wider.
さ ら に,Bubble economyWhen it goes bankrupt1996/AfterDeflationProgress andBad debtProcessing,Suburb型Shopping centerCoupled with the prosperity of the region, the entire region suffered from a recession.
In recent years, while the cities on the Sanyo side have been booming again, the severe situation has continued in the cities on the Sanin side and in the mountainous areas, and urgent measures to correct the disparity are required.
- Gross production
Gross domestic product in the Chugoku region in 19 was 29 billion yen.. this isUnited Arab Emirates OfGDPIt is larger than the world and has an economic scale equivalent to the 30th largest "country" in the world..
In Tottori prefecturepearCultivationOkayama PlainThen.Muscat,peachCultivationHiroshima BayAnd so onOysterAquaculture,Shimonoseki fishing portThen.Puffer fish,AnglerLanding such as is actively carried out.
Seto Inland SeaVarious light and heavy factories are located along the coastSetouchi Industrial AreaIs forming.this house,Heavy industryAs a zone,Mizushima(Kurashiki),Fukuyama,TokuyamaIt can be seen in.In addition, the shipbuilding industry was thriving and it was a military port.KureAnd prospered as a port cityShimonosekiThere is a shipyard in such places.
- Company name bearing "China"
- China Electric Power
- Bank of China
- West China Shinkin Bank
- Chinese bus
- Chinese newspaper
- China broadcasting
Manufactured product shipment value, etc.(2019 Industrial Statistics）
- Chugoku: 26 billion yen (FY179)
- National public universities
- Private universities
- Okayama University of Commerce
- Okayama University of Science
- Okayama Gakuin University
- Notre Dame Seishin University
- Sanyo Gakuen University
- Jushi University
- China Gakuen University
- Pacific Rim University
- Kawasaki Medical School
- Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare
- Kibi International University
- Kurashiki University of Arts and Sciences
- Kurashiki Sakuyo University
- Mimasaka University
- Hijiyama University
- Hiroshima University of Economics
- Hiroshima Institute of Technology
- Hiroshima International University
- Hiroshima International Gakuin University
- Hiroshima Jogakuin University
- Hiroshima Shudo University
- Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University
- Hiroshima Bunkyo University
- Yasuda Women's University
- Elizabeth College of Music
- Hiroshima City Gakuen University
- Fukuyama University
- Fukuyama Heisei University
- Kinki UniversityFaculty of Engineering[Annotation 4]
- Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing
- Ube Frontier University
- Toa University
- Tokuyama University
- Umekakuin University
- Shiseikan University
- Yamaguchi Gakugei University
College of technology
- Yonago National College of Technology
- Matsue National College of Technology
- Tsuyama National College of Technology
- Kure National College of Technology
- Tokuyama National College of Technology
- Ube National College of Technology
- Oshima College of Technology
Educational facilities outside the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
- China Vocational Ability Development College (Independent Administrative Institution under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
- Shimane Vocational Ability Development Junior College attached to China Vocational Ability Development College (Independent Administrative Institution under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
- Fukuyama Vocational Ability Development Junior College attached to China Vocational Ability Development College (Independent Administrative Institution under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
- Coast Guard College(Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismEducational training facility）
- Fisheries University(Ministry of AgricultureIncorporated administrative agency under the jurisdiction)
highwayIs a north-south connecting line (Sanin and Sanyo) IsJunctionEast-west trunk line every timeChugoku region vs.Kinki-Kyusyu), And then re-enters the connecting line.Furthermore, the expressway that serves as the connecting line between Sanin and Sanyo isHighway(National Route 53,National Route 54), So convenience and solidarity between regions are poor.
CurrentlyChinese crossing motorway OfHiroshimaとShimaneOnomichi Matsue Line, which connectsHyogoとTottoriThe two lines of the Himeji Tottori Line that connectNew direct control methodSince it is under construction and the toll will be free after the opening, the municipalities along the line are expecting to improve the vitality of the area.AlsoSan'in ExpresswayAlso, many sectionsGeneral national road motorwayEfforts are being actively made toward the opening of all lines, such as the decision to develop the system.
Like highways, railroads are often inconvenient for north-south travel.The main routes areHakubi Line,Chizu Express Chizu LineEtc. are mainly used, but rather than moving within the regionTokyo-OsakaSince the route is set in the direction, it may be a detour depending on the location.In fact,MatsueFrom the directionHiroshimaIf you go in the directionKisetsu Line-Geibi LineThe route is clearly a short cut, but due to the small number of trains, users are on the highway bus.
The delay in the development of transportation infrastructure in this region is regarded as a problem by the business community, and the aim is to connect the prefectural capitals of the five prefectures in the shortest possible time.Conventional lineとShinkansenCan be directly connectedFree gauge trainAndHiroshima West AirfieldCentered onCommuter aviationThere are requests for new transportation systems through the network.
- 2011/May 3 : Hiroshima City CouncilThe draft ordinance for the establishment of "Hiroshima City Airport" was rejected by a small number of people.As a result, it was virtually decided that Hiroshima West Airport would be closed 50 years after its opening.Japan's first example of an airport that had a regular route was abolished without relocation[Annotation 5].
The number of domestic passengers in the Chugoku region as a whole has been on a slight downward trend in recent years, falling below the 2005 million mark to 700 million passengers / year in 697.9.The number of international passengers has reached 53.8 / year, showing an increasing trend.
|空港||Total passengers||Domestic flights||International flights|
|Number of passengers||regular service||Number of passengers||regular service|
|Hiroshima||333Ten thousand7027||298Ten thousand3110||New Chitose-Sendai-Tokyo-|
|35Ten thousand3917||Beijing-Shanghai-Dalian-Seoul-Taipei-Hong Kong|
|Okayama||160Ten thousand3255||139Ten thousand0630||New ChitoseTokyo·Naha||21Ten thousand2625||Shanghai / Seoul / Taipei /Hong Kong|
|Yamaguchi Ube||90Ten thousand7212||90Ten thousand3997||Tokyo||3215||-|
|Izumo||74Ten thousand4856||74Ten thousand2283||Tokyo·Osaka-Oki-Fukuoka||2573||-|
|Yonago||49Ten thousand8893||46Ten thousand3795||Tokyo||3Ten thousand5098||Seoul·Hong Kong|
|Tottori||34Ten thousand0597||33Ten thousand9186||Tokyo||1411||-|
|Iwami||7Ten thousand0369||6Ten thousand9859||Tokyo (Osaka)||510||-|
|Hiroshima West||6Ten thousand2601||6Ten thousand2601||-||0||-|
|Oki||5Ten thousand3965||5Ten thousand3965||Osaka·Izumo||0||-|
- Source isMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismAviation BureauAirport management status report(FY2008)
- Charter flightsIncluding the number of passengers
- Three major metropolitan areasFlights toTaizi
- Number of passengers at airports nationwideJapanese airports #statisticsreference
For JR linesKanmon tunnelsection(Sanyo Main LineShimonoseki Station~Moji Station) Except forJR West JapanFor conventional linesOld railwayRailway Management BureauDraw the flow ofOkayama branch,Hiroshima branch,Yonago branchIs located by region and has jurisdiction over the shared area.It should be noted thatShinkansenaboutShinkansen Railway Business HeadquartersIs in direct control.
Private railways are commonTrain-OrbitIn addition to those doing business, in Hiroshima prefectureHiroshima ExpresswayOperated byNew transportation systemとSkyrail serviceOperated bymonorailThere is one transportation route close to.Of the routes operated by Hiroshima Rapid TransitHondori Station~Shin-Shirashima StationThere is an underground line between them, but from Hondori stationKenchomae StationOnly between are licensed for railway business and subway construction assistance,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismOnly in this section in the statistical data ofsubwayIs treated as.Chugoku region and next doorShikoku regionThis is the only section that is considered to be a subway, including the subway.
Private railways that operate passengers exist in all five prefectures, of which pure private capital is used.Ichibata train,Okayama Electric Tramway,Hiroshima Electric Railway, Skyrail Service only, other operators have suspended the operation and construction of routes separated from JNR / JRUnfinished lineEstablished with a partial investment by a local public body for the opening of the city, the improvement of urban transportation, and the development of the coastal industrial area.Third sectorIt has become.
Only own the facilityType XNUMX railway operator, And iron track businessPublic transportDoes not exist. JRUno LineAfter the improvement work completed in 2009 for (Seto Ohashi Line)Seto Ohashi high-speed railway possessionOwns a part of the railway facility, but since it owns only a part of it, it is not licensed as a third-class railway operator.For public railways, onceKure City Transportation Bureau Kure tramIn addition to runningTamano Municipal Electric RailwayThere were multiple cases including, but all of themShowaIt was abolished from the middle to the latter half.
General private railway(Including orbit and new transportation system in a broad sense)
- Chizu ExpressChizu Line
- Wakasa RailwayWakasa Line
- Ichibata train
- Mizushima coastal railway
- Ihara RailwayIhara Line
- Okayama Electric Track
- Hiroshima Electric Railway
- Hiroshima ExpresswayHiroshima Express Transit Hiroshima New Transit Line 1
- Skyrail serviceHiroshima Short-distance Transportation Seno Line
- Nishikigawa RailwayNishikigawa Seiryu Line
Dedicated line / Freight line
The dialects spoken in various parts of the Chugoku regionChinese dialect(Hiroshima dialect-Yamaguchi dialect-Okayama dialectetcUnhaku dialectClassified as (Izumo dialect, etc.), bothWestern Japanese dialectBelongs to.Accents are in most areasTokyo accentIt depends on "you" and "toru".aspectThe distinction between the two and the connection particle "ken / kee" of the reason are characteristic.Sanin dialectとSanyo dialectThere are also elements that conflict with each other.
サ ッ カ ー
- Men's West Japan League
- Women's league
- West Japan League (Men)
- Kansai League
- ^ Osaka Asahi ShimbunHiroshima Yamaguchi version1918/May 12With记事見 出 しIs "", and Bus Japan Handbook 5 "Chugoku JR Bus" p18-19, p24, p27, p29, p33,Fumihiko Suzuki"Highway Bus Encyclopedia" (1989/・) Many examples such as p81.
- ^ Transition from school corporation to public university corporation from 2012
- ^ From 2016, the founder changed from the school corporation Tokyo University of Science to the public university corporation Sanyo Onoda City Yamaguchi Tokyo University of Science, and moved to a public university.
- ^ Located on Kinki University Hiroshima Campus (Higashi-Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture).HeadquartersOsakaHigashi Osaka City.
- ^ Hokkaido, which was an airport for sightseeing flights in September 2009Teshikaga Town OfTeshikaga AirfieldIs abolished.
- ^ Chugoku Region-Yahoo! Encyclopedia[Broken link]
- ^ Mamiya Rinzō, edited by Teisuke Murakami, "Tokiyuki TouNational ArchivesDigital Archive Toku region travelogue middle volume (cultureEight years (1811/) Multiple names of "China" appear on the last page of the original image of the brush, and they are also called "Japan and China".It is described as a concept in which Japan and China face each other.In addition, it is published in the same bookQing DynastyOfficial OfBusiness cardIs the "Great Qing Dynasty".
- ^ Hiroshi KishidaWritten by "China", "Encyclopedia of Japanese History 4"平凡 社,1993/
- ^ Shimane Prefecture HP OfFutatsuyama CastleTraceDescriptionin
- ^ "Encyclopedia of Japanese Place Names",Shogakukan, 1996, p.730 ISBN-4 09-523101-7
- ^ "Women's Japanese Geography Textbook. February 34』- National Diet LibraryDigital collection
- ^ "Age (5 years old), population by gender, proportion by age, average age and median age”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2021/10/21Browse.
- ^ FY19 prefectural economic calculation Archived August 2010, 12, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ World Economic Outlook Database
- ^ Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry / Industrial Statistics Survey
- Chugoku / Shikoku region
- Setouchi region
- Setouchi Industrial Area
- Western country
- Yin Yang connecting line