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5 beers you should definitely try at Belgian Beer Weekend
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Chimay Blue is aged in various wooden barrels for half a year and blended.
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Japan Via Journalists Association
There are over XNUMX types of beer that can be called the most popular of all liquor. Such beer has come to be called craft beer, and it is loved by young people to elderly people, and the movement of local beer is occurring all over the world. For the time being, beer is not fun! Do you have an adventure to find your favorite beer? We publish articles to help you in your beer adventure. Enjoy our articles to get a glimpse of the beer world today.
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|Characters contained in this item"Barrel'It is,operating system,ブ ラ ウ ザThe display varies depending on the environment such as.|
Barrel(Taru,German: barrel,French: tonneau,English: barrel or cask) Is a cylindrical container.Even todayaluminum(Otaru (keg,Keg) AndPlastic,FRPな どSynthetic resinThe container that is integrally molded with the above is often called a barrel by convention.
EuropeTraditional barrels (Western barrels) are made of wooden boards (barrel boards) and swords such as iron rings that bind them, and the sides of the body bulge in the center. It is cylindrical.As mentioned above, Western barrels are often bulged in the middle and have a convex shape.By creating such a constant bulge, the friction surface becomes smaller when laid down, so it becomes possible to roll while changing the direction relatively easily, and the container becomes more spherical, so it is in the material.stressHelps to evenly distribute.
JapanAnd the common onesKamakura PeriodFrom the endMuromachi PeriodYuidaru, which appeared in the early days,Haga ThebambooA twisted material in a spiral.Also, unlike Western barrels, the shape is straight and does not swell.The craftsmen who make barrels are tub shops in Japan, because Yutaru draws the genealogy of tubs as described later, in English-speaking countries.cooperCalled.
They arenail,adhesiveSince no impurities are eluted in the contents except for the components derived from wood, it has been useful as a container for water and beverages.Consists of the side wallPlateIt is a structure that maintains strength by binding with a sword.[Note 1]..By fitting the bottom plate toward the deflated side, the load is supported by the sword, and when liquid is added, the plate that sucks it expands and is sealed.
Like ancient Greece and Rome地中海In the world, liquids like oil and wine, for exampleAmphoraPut it in a ceramic container like a corkRosinI sealed it and carried it. In the 3rd centuryRomanIt is,GaulAs a result of trade with and contact in the war, he began to use barrels.The Gauls had been making barrels for centuries before they began negotiations with the Romans.
For nearly 2000 years, barrels were the most convenient shipping and storage container for those who could afford their high prices.It is also used as a unit of load capacity of a ship andTThe etymology of is derived from the sound of hitting an empty barrel.Also, the barrel is not only a storage container for liquids,nailからGold coinUntil then, barrels were used to hold all bulk cargo.Bags and crates were cheaper for these bulk containers, but they weren't as sturdy as barrels of the same weight and were inconvenient to handle.But in the 20th centurypaletteUsedlogisticsとMarine containerEtc.ContainerizationbyCombined integrated transportationAs the casks were introduced, the barrel slowly lost its protagonist position.
In the second half of the 20th century, in the United StatesNuclear wasteLarge steel cask began to be used to store.This system, called, was highly controversial, but was considered the most realistic, with few alternatives until a site such as a storage facility was opened.
Since ancient times in Japan, mainly wooden barrels without ruggedness have been made.Originally, it was a container for pouring sake, which was used for dining tables and banquets, and was often lacquered and small.It is to draw the genealogy of this barrelJoinery(Sashimono) These are the finger barrels made by craftsmen, the rabbit barrels made by incorporating the technique of yuyanagi, and the Yanagi barrels.
Like Western barrels, barrels used for storing and transporting liquids and bulk cargo appeared in the period from the end of the Kamakura period to the beginning of the Muromachi period.14st centuryIt was around.RectangularCedarMade by tying the wood in a circle with bamboo桶(Oke), that is, the genealogy of a tub (Yuioke) is drawn, and a mirror lid is provided on the upper surface of the tub to make it a closed container.As a result, the barrel became larger at once,liqueur,Soy sauce,vinegar,miso,oil,lacquer,Persimmon shibuLiquids such assugar,Dry matterIt has emerged as a container for bulk cargo storage or sea transportation.Large-scale storage and aging of miso and sake also owes much to the appearance of barrels.Especially for the aging of sake, the wood scent from the cedar wood of the barrel has come to be emphasized, and the barrel is indispensable.Among the cedar woodYoshino cedarIt has a good aroma and few knots, so it was considered to be the best material for sake barrels.aside from thatCypressWas used as a material for barrels.
Aging in barrels
The barrel isWine(EspeciallyBrandy,Sherry wine,Port wine) AndwhiskyThefermentationUsed to store liquids for the purpose of aging and aging.It emphasizes that some wines are fermented "in barrels" as opposed to neutral storage tanks such as those made of iron or concrete.
Europeanオ ー クMainly (Europe) and White Oak (North America).The color and aroma of whiskey is contained in oakPolyphenolA kind of (Tannin) Is contributing..At the same time, the tannins contained in the barrel trees also play a role in the transparency and taste of whiskey as a slag-lowering agent.. JapaneseSuntoryAnd so onMizunaraAlso used together.Used barrels used for bourbon and wine aging may be imported from overseas and used.
大 き さ
As the barrel for aging whiskey, barrels, hogsheads, panchons, etc., which will be described later, are used.Used sherry barrels are sometimes used to improve the color and texture, but the size of sherry barrels is about the same as that of panchons.
The new barrel is used after baking the inner surface.When baked lightly, it is derived from the barrel materialLigninIt was sweet due to the influence ofcarbonThe degree of baking is reflected in the characteristics of the manufacturer's products, such as the deep scent that comes out due to the influence of.Since new barrels are easy to mature and the components of the barrels are easy to elute, they are often taken out at an early stage and refilled with barrels or sherry barrels that have been used 2-3 times to proceed with aging.Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euSome distilleries deposit barrels with wine makers in other countries for use in distilling their own whiskey, and accept the barrels after aging wine etc. in the barrels. A barrel that has been used 2 to 3 times is useful because the scent of the barrel becomes mild, but when it is 4 to 5 times, the elution component decreases, so it is used for storage or storage of grain whiskey or discarded. Will be done.
KegOr the term (cask) refers to a container of any size, but the keg is external.Gas cylinderRefers to what is used to put sterile beer in order to serve beer with.RealAleAnd similar beer perform part of the fermentation process in a container called a cask.
There are several sizes of casks, but it is common to call them "firkin" or "kilderkin" rather than casks.
Traditional British barrels (wine barrels)
1 tan tun
- = 2 pipes pipes (or bat butts)
- = 3 Firkin firkins (or Puncheon puncheons, Tashan tertians)
- = 4 hogsheads
- = 6 tierces
- = 8 barrel barrels
- = 14 randlets rundlets
- = 252 US gallons (or wine gallons)
- = 953 liters
- = 210 British gallons
- = 964.7 liters
As with other units, the United States and wine gallons continued to use the pre-1824 definition (since 1707) 231 cubic inches for liquid volume gallons (268.8 cubic inches for grain gallons for solids).
Meanwhile, in Britain it was replaced by an imperial gallon.Tias later became an oil barrel.Tan was originally 256 gallons.The quarter, or 8 bushels or 64 wine gallons, is derived from this.
|1||1 1⁄2||3||Firkin, Panchon, Tartian|
|1||1 1⁄3||2||2 2⁄3||4||8||barrel|
|1||1 3⁄4||2 1⁄3||3 1⁄2||4 2⁄3||7||14||Landlet|
|1||18||31 1⁄2||42||63||84||126||252||Gallon (US / British wine)|
|1||15||26 1⁄4||35||52 1⁄2||70||105||210||Gallon (UK)|
British traditional barrel (beer)
1 Hogs head
- = 1.5 barrel
- = 3 Kill Darkin
- = 6 Firkin
- = 48 ale gallon (ale)
- = 221.82 liters (ale)
- = 54 ale gallon (beer)
- = 249.54 liters (beer)
- = 51 Yale Gallon (1688)
- = 235.68 liters
- = 54 Yale Gallon (1803)
- = 249.54 liters
- = 54 British gallons (1824)
- = 245.49 liters
|1||1 1⁄2||4 1⁄2||7 1⁄8||barrel|
|1||2||3||9||15 3⁄4||Kill Darkin|
|1||8||16||32||48||144||252||Yale Gallon (Ale）||(1454)|
|= 4.62||= 36.97||= 73.94||= 147.88||= 221.82||= 665.44||= 1164.52||Liter (ale)|
|1||9||18||36||54||162||283 1⁄2||Ale gallon (beer)|
|= 4.62||= 41.59||= 83.18||= 166.36||= 249.54||= 748.62||= 1310.09||Liter (beer)|
|1||8 1⁄2||17||34||51||Yale gallon||1688/|
|= 4.62||= 39.28||= 78.56||= 157.12||= 235.68||liter|
|= 4.62||= 41.59||= 83.18||= 166.36||= 249.54||liter|
|= 4.55||= 40.91||= 81.83||= 163.66||= 245.49||liter|
crudeAnd othersoilProduct standardbarrel(Abbreviated bbl) is equal to 42 US gallons, 35 Imperial gallons, or 158.97 liters.This amount is the initialPennsylvaniaoilfieldIt is derived from.Based on the old British wine unit Tias, it allows British and American merchants to point to the same unit.
Previously, different sizes of whiskey barrels were the most common size.This is a barrel of 40 US gallons (151.40 liters), a volume equal to 5.However, in 1866 oil barrels were standardized to 42 US gallons.
Oil tankerIt wasn't long before the ship was introduced and oil couldn't be carried in barrels, but the size of a 42-US gallon continues to be used as a unit of weighing, price, taxation and regulation. 1 and a half gallons per barrelgasolineCan be taken.
Barrel in punishment
English-speakingover a barrelThe expression (meaning to be left to others. The meaning is "put on a barrel") is a caning used by a normally available wooden barrel for private or legal caning on the back. It reminds us that it was used as a cheap and convenient substitute for a platform and other equipment used for corporal punishment.
Japanese barrels are of the type called yui barrels (barrels) and are made of wooden boards and bamboo rings that bind them. Around the 13th centuryJapan Song TradingIt is speculated that it was imported from China and later domestically produced.Sake,Soy sauce,misoSuch asbrewing-Used as a sales container.Those without a lid or that can be easily opened are also called "tubs" and are also called "tubs".Edo PeriodWas manufactured and sold by craftsmen as various daily necessities such as bath tubs and caskets.also,Kanbun-Enpo(1661/-1681/) Around that time, when performing a banquet or cherry-blossom viewing, there was a trick called a barrel doll, in which a barrel with a hat or haori was attached to make it look like a doll, and the barrel was held by hand to dance.GenrokuPeriod (1688/から1704/) It became popular around that time, and barrels for barrel dolls were also made..
During the Edo period, there were hundreds of sake brewers all over the country, and there were many barrel craftsmen who supported them, but as of 2013, there were nine barrel makers nationwide, and all of the barrel making. The number of craftsmen who can handle the process has decreased to about 9 people..
Sake barrels called komodaru, which are made by wrapping komodaru around the sides of the barrel, are still used for celebrations even in modern times.Mirror openingIt is used in the case of.Sake barrels in the Edo periodCruise shipIt is presumed that it started by wrapping it with a cut makomo stalk to protect it from damage caused by shaking when it was carried in.More accessibleRice strawAndpolypropyleneEven today, it is still called the "komodaru" barrel.On the surface of the liquor and straw, which is the packaging material, the brand name of sake is printed for identification and promotion of the brewery.inkWritten inBrandingIt came to be pushed byMeiji EraMulticolor printing has also become widespread.Even after sake was sold in bottles, "makeup 菰" has been made for celebrations and creating the atmosphere of restaurants.Komodaru making was onceInagawaWas in the basinPaddy fieldIt ’s a long and good quality rice straw, and it ’s a good place to drink.NadaAmagasaki City, Hyogo Prefecture, which is close to, was a large production area.It still accounts for about 8% of the national market share.Manufactured in.The largest existing wooden barrel in the worldHundawkin soy sauce(Oita)It is in.
"Barrel" and "tub" are sometimes confused, but the difference does not depend on the size or purpose. The one with a lid called "mirror" is the "barrel", and the one without this is the "tub". Is defined.However, some barrels have a specially shaped lid, such as a tub.In the case of sake, cedar is used not only in barrels but also in tubs.
The most suitable cedar wood for sake barrels is said to be "Yoshino cedar" produced in the Yoshino region of Nara prefecture, and the one with a white front side called "Koutsuki" is useful.Even with cedar wood, the instep uses the boundary between the "white thick" under the skin of the tree and the part called "redness" in the center. It is said that it is easy to add a rich flavor, but it is said that the cost of barrels with insteps is high because the amount that can be taken from one tree is limited.The instep barrel is used for sake, and the lean barrel is used for flavoring sake or for soy sauce.
Currently, it is manufactured by Ya as a Western barrel made in Japan.
In addition, shochu may also be packed in Western barrels and aged.
- ^ a b "Barrel (container)", The complete encyclopedia of Japan (Nipponika), Shogakukan
- ^ a b Masanobu Kaji. “Kawano Story (6)”. Tokyo Metropolitan Leather Technology Center. 2020/7/6Browse.
- ^ Suntory barrel story
- ^ "Taru-Ningyo [-Ningiau] [× barrel doll]", Digital Daijisen, Shogakukan
- ^ "Taru Ningyo [barrel doll]", Daijirin (3 ed.), Sanseido(2006)
- ^ "Taru-Ningyo [: Ningau] [barrel doll]", Japanese language dictionary (2 ed.), Shogakukan, (2000)
- ^ "Kiku-Masamune Sake Brewery: Pinch by reducing" Kagami-biraki ", protect the culture of sake brewing and train craftsmen --- Kobe". Daily jp (Mainichi Shimbun). (January 2013, 5). originalArchived as of October 2013, 7. 2013/6/29Browse.
- ^ Toshiaki Enomoto: "Komodaru" that brews festive sake ◇ Historical research in Amagasaki, Hyogo, where it is produced, visiting breweries and liquor stores ◇ "Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Morning edition March 2017, 3 Cultural aspect
- "Attracted by barrels and oaks-the blessings of the King of the Forest (Querks), whiskey, wine, and seafood" Sadahiko Kato, Katsuhiko Yoshida TBS-Brittanica ISBN 4484002043
- "Text of Japanese Sake <1> Aroma and Taste and How to Make It" Haruo Matsuzaki (Author) Doyukan
- "Text of Japanese Sake <2> Characteristics of the Earth and Makers" Haruo Matsuzaki (Author) Doyukan