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🎥 | JO1's crown variety "JO1CX-TV" will be broadcast for 4 consecutive weeks on terrestrial broadcasting!


Photo JO1 – (C) Fuji TV

JO1's crown variety "JO1CX-TV" will be broadcast for 4 consecutive weeks on terrestrial broadcasting!

 
If you write the contents roughly
The call sign is a call sign created to identify a radio station, and the call sign of a Japanese broadcasting station is made by combining alphabets starting with "JO ...".
 

Global boy group JO1's crown variety show "JO1CX-TV" will be released on August 8th at Fuji TV ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Radio station

Radio station(Musenkyoku,British: radio station) Is

  • Transmitter or receiver or combination of transmitter and receiver (including accessory equipment required for continuation) (International Telecommunication Union)
  • Wireless equipmentAnd the total number of people who operate radio equipment (excluding reception-only). (Radio Law of Japan)

Is defined as

Overview

ITU definition

International Telecommunication UnionAs defined by the (ITU), "a radio station is one or more.TransmitterOrReceiving machineOr a combination of transmitter and receiverWireless communicationStation: One or more transmitters or receivers or a combination of transmitters and receivers, including the accessory equipment, necessary at one location for carrying on a radio communication service , or the radio astronomy service (Section IV, 1.61) ".[1]

Definition of the Radio Law of Japan

Radio ActIn Article 2 No. 5Wireless equipmentAnd the whole of those who operate radio equipment.However, it does not include those intended only for reception. Is defined.According to the above definition, according to the Radio Law, a radio station includes a person who operates it, but the station building, etc.BuildingIs not included in the radio station.Portablewireless deviceAnd if there is a person who operates it, it is a radio station. (As an aside, it is the predecessor of the Radio Law.Wireless telegraphyDid not have the word "radio station". )

米 国

AmericanFederal Communications CommissionAggregation as of March 2016, 3 by (FCC)[1]According to the report, there are the following numbers of radio stations in each of the following categories.

  • AM 4680 station
  • FM 6715 station
  • FM Educational 4096 stations
  • UHF Commercial TV 1031 XNUMX station
  • VHF Commercial TV 356 stations
  • UHF Educational TV 290 stations
  • VHF Educational TV 105 stations

US radio stations are controlled by FCC regulations.The FCC rules for radio stations such as radio stations and television stations are:Federal RulebookIncluded in parts 73 and 74 of (CFR).

History

As a rule after 1912en: Radio Act of 1912was there.In 1927, on behalf of the lawen: Radio Act of 1927Was enforced. The 1927 law strengthened the control of the U.S. federal government's wireless communications and was newly established.en: Federal Radio CommissionIt was decided to have (FRC) supervise.For the first time in the law, it requires that "public interest, convenience, or necessity" be shown in order to obtain a license for a radio station. In 1934en: Communications Act of 1934Was enforced.

Japan

The notation such as the sokuon, yoon, and okurigana of the quotation is the original sic. "Law" is an abbreviation for Radio Law, and "Equipment Regulation" is an abbreviation for Radio Equipment Regulation.

TypeThe radio station in is licensed [2] Or registration required,Wireless station license or Radio station registration letterTheMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications(General Communication StationOrOkinawa General Communications Office) Must be issued before it can be operated.Radio stations that require a license (commonly known as "license stations") and described laterRegistration AgencyAs a person who operates radio equipment, except for someWireless workersOr a person who engages under it.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications is in charge of license affairs.BroadcasterRelationshipInformation Distribution Administration Bureau,Other than thatComprehensive Communication Infrastructure BureauIs[3].

Reason for disqualification

In principleForeign nationalityNo license is given to the person.In particular, the conditions for core broadcasting stations to participate in management are strict.This is a speech by the core broadcasting stationNews agencyThis is because it has an extremely large influence on the formation of public opinion and the creation of culture. Broadcasting lawAlso in Article 93Core broadcasterA provision to the same effect is included in the certification of.

There is no provision to exclude foreign nationals regarding registration.

Type

The type of radio station isGeneral affairsMinisterial OrdinanceRadio Law Enforcement RegulationsIt is defined in each item of Article 4, Paragraph 1.note thatTaiziWireless communication business is defined in Article 3

  • Fixed station - Fixed businessRadio station to do
  • Core broadcasting station - Core broadcastingRadio stations (including those that transmit wireless communications other than the core broadcast in addition to the core broadcast) that do not perform the core broadcast
  • Terrestrial backbone broadcasting station --A core broadcasting station that performs terrestrial backbone broadcasting or terrestrial backbone broadcasting for mobile reception (Broadcast test workExcludes those who do. )
  • Specific terrestrial backbone broadcasting station --Of the core broadcasting stations, the specified terrestrial core broadcasting stations stipulated in Article 6, Paragraph 2 of the Act (excluding those that conduct broadcasting test work).
  • Terrestrial Broadcasting Test Station - Terrestrial backbone broadcastingOrTerrestrial backbone broadcasting for mobile reception(Limited to those that perform broadcasting test work)
  • Specified Ground Core Broadcasting Test Station --Of the core broadcasting stations, the specified terrestrial core broadcasting stations stipulated in Article 6, Paragraph 2 of the Act (limited to those that perform broadcasting test work).
  • General terrestrial broadcasting station - Terrestrial general broadcasting(Broadcast Law Enforcement RegulationsRefers to general terrestrial broadcasting specified in Article 2, item 4-2.same as below. ), Which is not a practical test station that broadcasts general terrestrial broadcasting.
  • --A non-moving radio station established on land that communicates with the ship station or the automatic distress reporting station
  • --Radio stations that are not intended for mobile operations and are set up on land to communicate with aircraft stations (including those set up on ships).
  • base station --Non-moving radio stations established on land to communicate with land mobile stations (including those relayed by land mobile relay stations) (excluding land mobile relay stations)
  • Mobile base station --A non-moving radio station established on land to communicate with mobile stations
  • Radio calling station - Wireless pager businessRadio station to be established on land
  • Land mobile relay station --Non-moving radio stations established on land to relay communication between base stations and land mobile stations and between land mobile stations
  • Land station Coastal stations, aviation stations, base stations, mobile base stations, radio calling stations, land mobile relay stations, etc. Not intended for mobile operationMobile businessRadio station to do
  • Ship Bureau - Ship(Excluding those that perform wireless communication only by relaying artificial satellite stations.) Of the radio stations, the radio equipment is the distress automatic notification equipment orradarRadio stations other than only
  • Distress Automatic Report Bureau --A radio station that performs wireless communication operations using only automatic distress reporting equipment
  • Shipboard communication station --A mobile radio station that performs wireless communication services using only onboard communication equipment.
  • - aircraftRadio stations (excluding those that perform wireless communication only by relaying artificial satellite stations) other than those whose radio equipment is radar only
  • Land mobile station --Radio stations operating on land while moving or stopped at unspecified points (excluding shipboard communication stations)
  • Mobile station --Radio stations (excluding shipboard communication stations and land mobile stations) that are carried on land, at sea, or over one or more and are on the move or stopped at unspecified points.
  • Mobile station --Ship station, automatic distress reporting station, shipboard communication station, aircraft station, land mobile station, mobile station and other radio stations that are moving or stopped at unspecified points.
  • Wireless positioning station - Wireless positioning businessRadio station to do
  • Radio navigation station - Wireless navigation businessRadio station to do
  • Radio Navigation Land Station --A radio navigation station that does not move
  • Radio navigation mobile station --Mobile radio navigation station
  • Radio orientation land station - Radio locating businessDo not move radio stations
  • Radio location mobile station --A mobile radio station that performs radio localization work
  • Radio sign station - Radio beacon businessRadio station to do
  • Earth station --To communicate with NASA, or to communicate using passive satellites or other objects in space, on the surface of the earth or on Earth.AtmosphereRadio stations to be established in the main part of
  • Coastal Earth Bureau --Coastal Earth Bureau as stipulated in Article 63 of the Law
    • Telecommunications businessA radio station established on land for the purpose of performing radio communication with a ship's earth station by relaying an artificial satellite station.
  • Aviation Earth Bureau --A radio station established on land that communicates wirelessly with an aircraft earth station by relaying an artificial satellite station.
    • Refers to the Aeronautical Earth Bureau prescribed in Article 70-3, Paragraph 2 of the Act.
  • Mobile Base Earth Station --A radio station established on land to communicate with mobile mobile earth stations by relaying artificial satellite stations.
  • Ship Earth Bureau --Ship Earth Bureau as stipulated in Article 6, Paragraph 1, Item 4 of the Law
    • A radio station established on a ship that communicates wirelessly by relaying an artificial satellite station (Radio stations for experiments, etc.And amateur radio stations are excluded. )
  • Aircraft Earth Station --Aircraft Earth Bureau as stipulated in Article 6, Paragraph 1, Item 4 of the Law
    • A radio station established on an aircraft that communicates wirelessly only by relaying an artificial satellite station.
  • Mobile mobile earth station --A radio station that is established for automobiles and other objects that move on land, or for carrying and using one or more on land, at sea, or in the sky, and that performs wireless communication by relaying an artificial satellite station. (Excluding ship earth stations and aircraft earth stations)
  • --Radio stations established on objects outside the main part of the Earth's atmosphere (including those intended to get out of the main part or enter from outside the main part).
  • Satellite station --Artificial satellite station stipulated in Article 6, Paragraph 1, Item 4 of the Law
  • Satellite backbone broadcasting station Satellite backbone broadcasting(Refer to the satellite backbone broadcasting of Article 2, Item 13 of the Broadcasting Act.) Core broadcasting stations (excluding satellite backbone broadcasting test stations)
  • Satellite backbone broadcasting test station Radiotelephone, television, data transmission or facsimile radiotelephone for direct reception by the general public for testing, research or investigation necessary for the advancement and development of broadcasting and its reception. Limited to those who perform communication work on a trial basis.)
  • Emergency station - Emergency communicationsRadio station established for the purpose of doing only
  • Experimental testing station --Experiments for the development of science or technology, tests on the efficiency of radio wave utilization, orRadio waveA radio station established to conduct a survey on the demand for use of the system, which is not practical (excluding those that broadcast).
  • Practical testing station --A wireless station that will be set up on a trial basis for the purpose of putting the wireless communication business into practical use.
  • Amateur station - Amachi Your BusinessRadio station to do
  • Simple radio station - Simple wireless businessRadio station to do
  • On-site radio station - On-site wireless serviceRadio station to do
  • Meteorological Assistance Bureau - Weather assistance businessRadio station to do
  • Standard frequency station - Standard frequency serviceRadio station to do
  • Special business station - Special businessRadio station to do

Criteria for opening

When opening a radio station, depending on the type, the Ordinance of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsFundamental criteria for establishing radio stations (excluding core broadcasting stations)OrFundamental criteria for opening a core broadcasting stationIs applied and its necessity is examined.Here, Article 8 of the basic criteria for establishing radio stations (excluding core broadcasting stations) applicable to general radio stations is listed.

  1. The station isLicenseeNot intended for use by anyone other than.
  2. The purpose of establishing the station, the selection of the communication partner, and the communication matters do not violate the law, andPublic welfareIt should not harm.
  3. It is necessary to operate the station in order to carry out the business or business that uses the station, and thereby the public welfare can be promoted.
  4. The other party of communication and communication matters shall be the minimum necessary for the performance of the business or business that uses the station.
  5. The establishment of that station does not interfere with the operation of existing radio stations or the monitoring of radio waves.
  6. In order to achieve the purpose of opening the station, it is more efficient and economical to open the station than when using a telecommunications facility for telecommunications business.
  7. In order to achieve the purpose of opening the station, opening the station is more efficient and economical than using various other telecommunications means.
  8. That stationEmbassy, Legation orConsulateWhen a radio station for public use is used for wireless communication between specific fixed points, the person who intends to obtain a license for that station shall be of the same type as the Government of Japan or its representative in the country. Being a government or representative of a country that allows the establishment of radio stations.
  9. The station performs the radio communication between specific fixed points by radio waves with a frequency of 890 MHz or higher as listed in Article 102-2, Paragraph 1, Item 2 of the Act (the provisions of the same Article regarding the radio communication of the station). (Except for those that do not need to be designated as a propagation obstacle prevention area by It should not cause any trouble.

As described in Section 3 above, a radio station is established by a business operator to carry out a business or business.In addition, depending on the application, for example, in the case of a telecommunications business radio station, "a person who has an appropriate plan for implementation and has sufficient ability to surely implement the plan", and in the case of a public business radio station, " "What is established to carry out the affairs under the jurisdiction" is a requirement.In other words, most radio station licenses are practicallyGovernment office,Private companySuch asCorporationIf you don't, you can't apply and you can't become a licensee.Individual is a business orleisure,HobbiesIn fact, the number of stations that can be opened is limited to ship stations, aircraft stations, simple radio stations, amateur stations, etc.

Establishment

To open a radio station,Preliminary licenseTo getCompletion inspectionIn principle, you will be licensed if there is no violation.however,Simple license procedureAnd more than oneSpecific radio stationIn the case of comprehensive establishment or registration, the license or registration is omitted by omitting the preliminary license and completion inspection.Some licenses and registration rights areGeneral Communication StationLong orOkinawa General Communications OfficeIt is delegated to the chief.

Radio stations that do not require a license

Also called a license-free station.It is stipulated in Articles 4 and 4-2 of the Radio Law.

  • Things that do not require registration[4], Can be used without any procedure.
  • Items that require registration[5], It must be operated only after the radio station registration letter is issued.Except for some, it requires a radio operator or a person under his supervision.
    • Article 4 No. 4-Registration Bureau
  • Article 4-2 Paragraph 1-Bringed by foreigners visiting JapanMobile phoneTerminalWait[6]
    • There is a limit of 90 days after entry[7].
  • Article 4-2, Paragraph 2-Compliance display for low-power radio stations Experiments, tests, and surveys using equipment equivalent to radio equipment can be used by notification, and special cases such as experiments using equipment that has not acquired technical suitability.[8]That.
    • There is a limit of 180 days from the date of notification, and it is not possible to make another notification for experiments with the same purpose.

Wireless workers

In principle, radio stations are operated by radio operators or their supervisors in accordance with Article 39 of the Radio Law.This exception is called "simple operation" and is stipulated in Article 33 of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations.

Here are some examples of major simple operations.

  • Unlicensed stations stipulated in Article 6 Nos. 1 to 3 of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations
  • Automatic distress reporting station, simple radio station, premises radio station
  • (Radio locating mobile station),Radio sonde(Meteorological Assistance Bureau),Argos system(Experimental Testing Bureau)
  • Conformity display Radio equipmentUse onlyGap fillerTerrestrial broadcasting stations andArea broadcastingGeneral terrestrial broadcasting station
  • Land mobile stations and mobile stations that are the other party of communication when the radio operator of the base station or mobile base station is the administrator of the presidency communication.
  • Be doneMobile phoneTerminal orMCA radioMobile station (land mobile station)

The Radio Law does not stipulate requirements for radio operators with licensees, and it is possible to outsource.[9]Is.However, amateur stations are excluded.

Radio station with identification

Lists radio stations with the wording "specific" in the Radio Laws other than the specified terrestrial backbone broadcasting station and the specified terrestrial backbone broadcasting test station.

Specific radio station

It is a radio station that can be granted a comprehensive license as stipulated in Article 27-2 of the Radio Law.

Radio stations with specific types

  • Specified Ship Station-Article 34-6, Item 1 of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations, "Radiotelephone, automatic distress notification equipment, radar and other radio equipment used for small ship stations, separately notified by the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications.[10]It is stipulated as a ship station that installs only radio equipment (limited to ship stations of ships that are not engaged in international voyages).
  • Specified base station-Article 27-12 of the Radio Law states that "a non-moving radio station that is established on land and is established by the same person in order to secure the matters listed in any of the following items. Of the things that are necessary, those that are recognized as needing to be smoothly opened in order to ensure the fair and efficient use of radio waves, "follows each item.
  • Specified Experimental Testing Station-The basic criteria for establishing radio stations (excluding core broadcasting stations) Article 6, Paragraph 2 states, "The Minister of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAnnouncementTofrequency, The area and period in which the frequency can be used, and the experimental test station established within the range of antenna power. "
  • Specified land mobile relay station-In Article 33, Item 6 (2) of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations, "Radio equipment that conforms to the technical standards stipulated in Article 49-6 of the Equipment Regulations is used, indoors and others. It is installed in a place where there is no risk of interference or other interference that interferes with the operation of the radio station. "

Specified new establishment bureau and Specified public notice bureau

It is stipulated in Article 71-2 of the Radio Law.Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsnoticeFrequency allocation planOrFrequency usage plan for backbone broadcastingWhen the change is announced, the radio stations in the new allocation category will be announced by the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications.Specified new establishment stationThat is.When opening a specified new station, if there is a radio station that requires a change in frequency or antenna power, the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications will provide benefits to cover the costs required for construction and other necessary assistance ("Specific frequency change countermeasure work"). ) Can be taken.

Furthermore, when opening a specified new station, the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications will need to provide benefits and other benefits to radio stations that intend to change or discontinue the frequency within a specified time limit due to changes in the frequency allocation plan or frequency usage plan for core broadcasting. Assistance (referred to as "specific frequency termination countermeasure work") can be provided.Such a specific new establishment stationSpecified public notice stationThat.

Specified tort establishment bureau

It is stipulated in Article 102-13, Paragraph 2 of the Radio Law.See belowIllegal radio stationOf these, there are many illegal establishmentsFrequency bandRefers to things.Specifically, in Article 51-2 of the Radio Law Enforcement RegulationsDesignated radio equipmentIt is listed as.

Stations that do not require a specific license, etc.

It is stipulated in Article 103-2, Paragraph 12 of the Radio Law. Telecommunications carrierFor specific frequency termination countermeasure work when all the specific public announcement stations established by are low power radio stationsRadio usage feeIt is stipulated so that it can be collected.

Specified low power radio station

As mentioned above, it is a type of low-power radio station and is notified separately by the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications in Article 6, Paragraph 4, Item 2 of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations, "It uses radio waves of the following frequencies.Type of radio waveAnd those that are compatible with frequency and antenna power ”, followed by each item that defines the application and frequency band.

Other classification

Obligatory Ship Station, Obligatory Aircraft Bureau
  • Obligatory Ship Station - Ship Safety ActThe ship station of the ship that is obliged to install a radio station based on
  • - Aviation lawAircraft stations of aircraft that are obliged to install radio stations based on
    • It is stipulated in Article 13, Paragraph 2 of the Radio Law.Both licenses have an indefinite expiration date.
Master station, relay station
Self-Defense Forces radio station
  • SDF OfradarAnd for mobile radio equipment (portable radios, vehicles, ships, radios mounted on aircraft)Self Defense Force ActArticle 112, Paragraph 1 excludes matters concerning licenses, registrations and inspections of the Radio Law and radio operators.[11]
U.S. military broadcasting network and U.S. military radio stations in Japan
Illegal radio station, illegal radio station
  • Illegal radio station --The one that uses the radio without a license.It also includes those that have passed the expiration date of the license and are still in use.
  • Illegal radio station --A radio station that is licensed but does not act outside the license (use for purposes other than the intended purpose, deviation of frequency or radio wave type, etc.).

Disclosure of information

Information regarding the license or registration of radio stations is provided in the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations.インターネットPublished by.

Operation

Notification of start of operation

The following radio stations require notification of the start of operation.

Core broadcasting station
Coastal stations (those that handle telecommunications services, those that transmit maritime safety information, or those that use radio waves of 2187.5kHz, 4207.5kHz, 6312kHz, 8414.5kHz, 12577kHz, 16804.5kHz, 27524kHz, 156.525MHz or 156.8MHz for transmission. Limited to.)
Civil Aviation Bureau (limited to those dealing with telecommunications services or those used for air traffic control)
Radio Navigation Land Station
Coastal Earth Bureau
Aviation Earth Bureau (limited to those that communicate regarding the safe or normal operation of aircraft)
Standard frequency station
Special business bureau (VICSWireless beacon and antenna power of 10W or lessRoadside broadcastingexcept for. )

Notification of operation

The following radio stations will be notified of operational matters.

Radio navigation land station (limited to maritime radio navigation business)
Standard frequency station
Special business bureau (Communication function suppression device, Excludes wireless beacons for VICS and roadside broadcasts with an antenna power of 10 W or less. )

Prohibition of unintended use

Radio stations shall not operate beyond the scope of the purpose stated in the license, the other party of communication, or communication matters (broadcasting matters for specified terrestrial backbone broadcasting stations).However, distress communication, emergency communication, secure communication, emergency communication, broadcast reception, etc.Radio station operating rulesThis does not apply to the communication specified in.

Registration license tax

As a general rule, license or registration of radio stationsRegistration license taxIs the subject of. Registration license tax lawAttached Table 1 Tax Scope, Tax Standard and Tax Rate Table No. 54[12]Excerpt from.

(1)Radio station license (excluding re-licenses and licenses specified by Cabinet Order)1 yen per station (30,000 yen for core broadcasting stations)
(2)Radio station registration (excluding re-registration and registration specified by Cabinet Order)1 yen per station

The range of tax exemption isCabinet OrderProvisions in Article 12[13]However, the Radio Law,Broadcasting law or Radio Law related fee decreeQuoted from these orRadio equipment regulationsSince I am quoting, I will organize the contents and post it.

licenseItem 1 Item 1Obligatory Ship Station or Obligatory Aircraft Bureau
Item 1 Item 2Practical testing station
Item 1 Item 3Japan Broadcasting CorporationSpecific terrestrial backbone broadcasting station
Item 1 Item 4Other than Japan Broadcasting CorporationSpecific terrestrial backbone broadcasterOr terrestrial backbone broadcastingCore broadcasting station providerRelay station that relays the core broadcast of
Item 1 Item 5Radio stations other than the above that have a basic transmitter antenna power of 500 W or less
Item 1 Item 6Radio stations established using all or part of the radio equipment of existing radio stations other than the above
RegistrationItem 2A radio station whose basic transmitter has an antenna power of 500 W or less

Note 1 The "basic transmitter" is the one with the maximum antenna power when there is only one transmitter, and the one with the maximum antenna power when there are two or more transmitters.radarOf the transmitters other than, the one with the largest antenna power).

Note 2 “Radar antenna power” is converted by 1 / d (d is (ratio of pulse width and pulse period)).

Inspection

Completion inspection

#OpenAs you can see in the above, in principle, it is an inspection that you receive when you obtain a license for a radio station.However, those subject to simple license procedures and those that are comprehensively licensed as specific radio stations are licensed without going through a completion inspection.

Periodic inspection

As a general rule, the license office must be inspected regularly.However, this does not apply to those that are deemed to be less necessary due to the purpose of establishment, the status of radio station management, etc. and are stipulated in the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations.The cycle is stipulated for each type and is carried out within 3 months before and after the day when this period has passed since the previous inspection.

Change inspection

As a general rule, when changing the radio equipment of a licensed station, it must be inspected.However, those subject to simple license procedures and those that are comprehensively licensed as specific radio stations are licensed without undergoing a change inspection.

Temporary inspection

An extraordinary inspection may be conducted in the following cases.

  • When ordering the repair of radio equipment and other necessary measures under Article 71-5 of the Radio Law,
  • When ordering to stop the emission of radio waves under Article 72, Paragraph 1 of the Radio Law,
  • When a request is made under Article 72, Paragraph 2 of the Radio Law,
  • When a ship or aircraft with a radio station intends to leave a foreign port
  • When there is a particular need to ensure the enforcement of the Radio Law

Temporary inspections are carried out by dispatching staff to the radio station, as well as launching by the radio station.Radio qualityAlternatively, if it is deemed sufficient to inspect only the items of radio equipment related to antenna power, radio waves may be emitted and the inspection may be conducted by measurement at a remote location.

As mentioned above, completion inspections, periodic inspections, and change inspections are carried out for licensed stations, but temporary inspections may be carried out not only for licensed stations but also for registered stations, license-free stations, and illegal radio stations. be.

Abolished

When abolishing a radio station, the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications must be notified, and necessary measures must be taken to prevent the removal of the antenna and other radio wave emission stipulated in the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations without delay.

  • Previously, when it was abolished as "removal of antenna", it was supposed to remove all antennas.

Radio stations that have become difficult to operate due to reasons such as disasters that are not the responsibility of licensees, registrants, and comprehensive licensees will become difficult to operate by submitting an abolition notice without delay after the operation becomes difficult. It can be abolished as far back as the day.This is called "retrospective discontinuation".

Administrative sanctions

Radio stationAdministrative sanctionsIs stipulated in Chapter 6 Supervision of the Radio Law.

Article 75

If the licensee of the radio station falls under the disqualification reason stipulated in Article 5, the license of the radio station will be revoked.

Article 76

If a radio station licensee, registrant, or comprehensive licensee violates the provisions of each item of this Article, the radio station license, registration, or comprehensive license shall be revoked or ordered to suspend operations within three months. There is.

Use of equipment with old technical standards

In 2005 (Heisei 17), the technical standards regarding the allowable value of strength such as spurious emission were revised. [14] The use of radio equipment of the old technical standard was "November 34, 11". [15] Until then, the period during which you can apply for a license / registration or change using radio equipment based on the old technical standards is "November 19, 11". [16] Was up to.

What is the old technical standard radio equipment?

.

The period for which you can apply later is "November 29, 11" [20] However, after that, only re-license and re-registration became possible.

  • The period of transitional measures for marine radar is different from that of other radars until "November 24, 11".[21]
  • Radio equipment can be relicensed as long as it is installed[15]
  • As long as the installation of the certification equipment is continued, the validity of passing the certification is valid.[22]As long as you continue to install it, you can relicense it.

MoreCoronaByCode division multiple accessThe expiration date has been postponed "for the time being", except for mobile wireless communication and time-division / code-division multiple access wireless stations.[23]What to do[24]It became.

  • ExcludedcdmaOne,W-CDMA-CDMA2000 OfMobile phoneBase station, land mobile relay station Land mobile station.
  • At the time of soliciting opinions on the extension of the deadline, it is said that 276% of the 8 million stations excluding comprehensive licenses have moved to 210 million stations.

January 2021, 3 (8nd year of Reiwa)[24]After that, the handling of radio equipment of the old technical standard until the new expiration date is set is as follows.[25]

  • New license / registration is not possible
  • Re-license / re-registration is possible
    • "After December 4, 12th year of Reiwa, it can be used only if it does not interfere with the operation of other radio stations until a new expiration date is set."[26]It is said that
    • The "expiration date of license / registration (when mixed with radio equipment of the new technical standard, the expiration date of the radio equipment of the old technical standard)" on the license / registration after "December 29, 12" is an order. Until November 1, 4 "附款Is considered to be subject to the condition that "it can be used only after December 4, 12th year of Reiwa, as long as it does not interfere with the operation of other radio stations."[27]
    • As mentioned above, the space station radio equipment can be relicensed as long as it is installed.Satellite station,Satellite backbone broadcasting station,Satellite backbone broadcasting test stationCan be relicensed as long as it continues to be installed even if a new expiration date is set
    • As mentioned above, the validity of passing the certification is valid as long as the installation of the certification equipment is continued, so even if a new expiration date is set, it can be relicensed as long as the installation is continued.
  • Citizens band radios and low-power radio stations, which are unlicensed stations, depend on conformity display radio equipment, so their expiration dates will be extended "for the time being" as well.
Besides for the above mobile phonesFrequency allocation planThe expiration date may differ depending on conditions such as revision.

History

1950 (Showa 25)-Radio Law Enforcement Regulations[28] List the types at the time of enactment.

  1. Fixed station
  2. Aviation Fixed Bureau
  3. Broadcaster
  4. Land station
  5. Coast station
  6. base station
  7. Aviation bureau
  8. Mobile station
  9. Ship Bureau
  10. Aircraft Bureau
  11. Land mobile station
  12. Wireless positioning station
  13. Radio navigation station
  14. Radio Navigation Land Station
  15. Radio navigation mobile station
  16. Radio direction finder
  17. Radio sign station
  18. Emergency station
  19. Experimental station
  20. Practical testing station
  21. Amateur station
  22. Meteorological Assistance Bureau
  23. Standard frequency station

note Some definitions are different from the current ones.

When a radio station was licensed, it was supposed to announce its contents, and when it started operation, it was supposed to be notified.

1958 (Showa 33) -Simplified license procedures have been institutionalized, and some radio stations will be licensed without undergoing preliminary licenses or completion inspections. What is stipulated in the law enforcement regulations is no longer required. [29]

1971 (Showa 46) -The authority to permit the license of some radio stationsPostal ministerThe delegation from (currently the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications) to the director of the regional radio control bureau (later the director of the regional telecommunications supervision bureau and the current director of the general telecommunications bureau) has started. [30]

1972- OkinawaIn, the authority to license some radio stations was delegated to the director of the Okinawa Post Administration Office (currently the director of the Okinawa General Communications Office). [31]

1997 (Heisei 9) -Specific radio stations have been institutionalized and licenses can be granted comprehensively. [32]

2002 (14)-The license information of the radio station will be published on the Internet instead of the public notice. [33]

2004 (16)-Registration Bureau was institutionalized and registration information was to be published on the Internet. [34]

2005

  • The authority to register radio stations will be delegated to the Director of the General Communications Bureau or the Director of the Okinawa General Communications Office.[35]
  • Due to the revision of the technical standards, the expiration date of the equipment of the old technical standards has been set.[14]

2010 (Heisei 22) -When it was abolished, it was supposed to remove the antenna, but it was supposed to prevent the emission of radio waves. [36]

2017 (29) -New licenses and registrations for equipment with old technical standards have been completed. [20]

2019 (Heisei 31) -Retroactive discontinuation was stipulated. [37]

2021 (3rd year of Reiwa) -The expiration date of the equipment of the old technical standard has been extended. [24]

Changes in the number of stations
年度End of 11End of 12End of 13End of 14End of 15End of 16End of 17End of 18
Number of stations57,478,50466,573,13474,345,55080,415,37287,369,98196,643,685104,296,073102,803,380
年度End of 19End of 20End of 21End of 22End of 23End of 24End of 25End of 26
Number of stations108,035,751112,017,717116,564,451120,979,200134,889,238146,234,284157,240,014177,545,403
年度End of 27End of 28End of 29End of 30Year endEnd of Reiwa 2  
Number of stations199,841,479217,350,742234,449,085251,013,472266,268,254277,108,741  

The number of established stations is recorded for specific radio stations.
Since 16, the license bureau and the registration bureau have been added up.
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Information and Communications Statistics Database

  • Number of radio stations by region / station[38](Before 12)
  • Number of radio stations by application[39](After 13)

by.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ ITU, RR1-1, Terms and definitions, 1.61
  2. ^ When applying the Radio Law to the country, "license" is read as "approval" according to Article 104, Paragraph 2 of the Radio Law.
  3. ^ Chapter 2, Section 2, Subsection 3, 9th and 10th
  4. ^ Radio stations that do not require a license or registration Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage --License Related --Procedures / Inspections for Opening Radio Stations
  5. ^ Radio station registration procedure Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage --License Related --Procedures / Inspections for Opening Radio Stations
  6. ^ Use of mobile phones, BWA terminals, Wi-Fi terminals, etc. brought in from overseas Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage --Others--Other systems
  7. ^ To everyone entering Japan (PDF) Target Wi-Fi terminals, etc. Same as above
  8. ^ Special system for experiments using equipment that has not acquired technical suitability Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage --Others--Other systems
  9. ^ Radio operators (6) Allowance of outsourcing (Consideration status of review of mandatory qualification system related to administration of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (interim publication) Material on April 13, 4)(Archive February 2009, 1)- National Diet LibraryWeb Archiving Project
  10. ^ 21 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Notification No. 471 Radio Equipment that the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications separately announces as radio equipment used for small ship stations based on the provisions of Article 34-6, Item 1 of the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage --Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Related Laws and Regulations
  11. ^ However, regarding the frequency used pursuant to Paragraph 2 of the same Article.Minister of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsThe internal standards of the Self-Defense Forces must be stipulated for those who are approved and engaged in the SDF.
  12. ^ The content is 17lawEnforced on April 21, 17 due to the revision of the Registration and License Tax Law by No. 4, and the table number is enforced on April 1, 18 by the amendment of the law by Law No. 10 of 18.
  13. ^ Enforced on April 17, 101 due to the revision of the Registration and License Tax Law Enforcement Ordinance by Cabinet Order No. 17 of 4.
  14. ^ a b 17 Revision of Radio Equipment Regulations by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119
  15. ^ a b 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119 Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations Supplementary Provisions Article 3, Paragraph 1
  16. ^ a b 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119 Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations Supplementary Provisions Article 3, Paragraph 2
  17. ^ The day before the enforcement date of the revision of the Radio Equipment Regulations by the 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119
  18. ^ 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119 Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations Supplementary Provisions Article 4, Paragraph 2
  19. ^ 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119 Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations Supplementary Provisions Article 5, Paragraph 4
  20. ^ a b 19 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 99 amends 17 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 119 Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations Supplementary Provisions Article 3, Paragraph 2 Amendment
  21. ^ 19 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Notification No. 513 Revision of the Radio Equipment Regulations Only by November 3, 2 based on the provisions of Article 29, Paragraph 11 of the Supplementary Provisions of the Ministerial Ordinance, radio station licenses, etc. Conditions that allow permission to change the construction design of radio equipment(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Home Page-Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Law)
  22. ^ The proviso of Article 17, Paragraph 119 of the Supplementary Provisions for the revision of the Radio Equipment Regulations by the 4 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 1.
  23. ^ Call for Opinions on Partial Amendment of Ministerial Ordinance to Partially Amend Radio Equipment Regulations-Extension of Deadline for Transition to New Spurious Standards-(Archive February 2021, 4)- National Diet LibraryWeb Archiving Project
  24. ^ a b c Reiwa 3rd year, revision of radio equipment rules by Ministerial Ordinance No. 75 of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  25. ^ Due to changes in the spurious standards for wireless devices, it is necessary to operate wireless devices that meet the standards.(Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Radio Wave Usage Homepage-Allowable Value of Spurious Emission Intensity of Radio Equipment)
  26. ^ Reiwa 3rd year, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 75, Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations, Supplementary Provisions, Paragraph 2
  27. ^ Reiwa 3rd year, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 75, Amendment of Radio Equipment Regulations, Supplementary Provisions, Paragraph 3
  28. ^ Showa 25Radio Control CommitteeRule No. 3 was revised in 25 as Rule No. 14 of the Radio Regulatory Commission.
  29. ^ 33 Amendment of the Radio Law by Law No. 140
  30. ^ Showa 46Ministry of PostAmendment of Radio Law Enforcement Regulations by Ordinance No. 9
  31. ^ Amendment to the Enforcement Regulations of the Radio Law by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Ordinance No. 47 of 16
  32. ^ Amendment of the Radio Law by Law No. 9 of 47
  33. ^ Amendment of the Radio Law by Law No. 14 of 38
  34. ^ Amendment of the Radio Law by Law No. 16 of 47
  35. ^ Amendment to the Radio Law Enforcement Regulations by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 17 in 82
  36. ^ Amendment of the Radio Law by Law No. 22 of 65
  37. ^ Enforcement of revision of radio station license procedure rules by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ordinance No. 30, 58
  38. ^ Data by field before 12 (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Information and Communications Statistics Database-Data by field)(Archive February 2004, 12)- National Diet LibraryWeb Archiving Project
  39. ^ Number of radio stations by application Ibid.

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