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📺 | This is strange in the spring drama! Kimutaku of "10 counts to the future" is a middle-aged man who talks sloppyly (Tamami Hiyama)


Photo Haruka Ayase wants to see a smile (C) Nikkan Gendai

This is strange in the spring drama! Kimutaku of "10 counts to the future" is a middle-aged man who talks sloppyly (Tamami Hiyama)

 
If you write the contents roughly
Therefore, the boxing club students who were coached by Kim Taku are treated as ponkotsu.
 

[Tamami Hiyama Let me tell you this and that] This week is a spring drama."Ex-his will" starring Haruka Ayase (Fuji TV) ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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boxing

boxing(British: Boxing) Wears gloves on the fist and uses only punches, targeting only the front and sides of the opponent's upper body.FightingSports.Fist fightAlso known as (kento).Boxing-like competitionFrance OfSavateIn addition to (Box Francaise)Thailand OfMuay ThaiAnd based on Muay ThaiJapan OfKickboxing,Shoot boxingEtc., as a common name to distinguish themInternational boxingSometimes called.OlympicIt is also known that it has been a formal event since ancient times in the history of[1].

History

Ancient boxing

B.C.Ancient around 4000Egypt Ofhieroglyphから軍隊It has been read that it was used inCrete Of3000 BCAroundAegean civilizationA jar with a boxing figure has also been found in the ruins of.

The Ancient GreekIn the language, the clenched fist is called PUGME, and then PUXOS (box).Ancient olympicThen, it became an official event from the 23rd tournament, and OnomastosLaurel WreathI received it.Naked in this eraOlive oilAnd put a stud on the fist.BandageIt seems that he was able to attack with his arms and elbows, wearing something like a glove wrapped in something like.At that time, there were no rounds, and one of them couldn't fight, or the match was given by giving up (it seems that it became a give-up when the index finger of the right hand was pushed up to the heavens).This competition continued until the 38th competition.From this competitionPankrationWas born.

From Greek in Roman timesLuo: PUGILATUS(Battle with fists),Luo: PUGILISMThe word ("Pugeism") is born.slaveWearing a weapon, Kaestus, with iron studs on each other,ColosseumIt came to be performed as a show, and in order to please the audience, they fought until one of them died.Occasionally, they fought in a circle drawn on the floor, which is the etymology of the current ring.However, it was banned because it was too brutal in 393 AD.476/ToWestern Roman EmpireDisappeared as it perished.

Boxing became popular again in Rome only in the latter half of the 17th century.

Medieval boxing

Although it is not an official name, it is tentatively called "medieval boxing" here.

Italy,United Kingdom, Netherlandsな どEuropeAs a self-defense, centering onレ ク リ エ ー シ ョ ンIt seems that it was done in detail, but it did not take root because self-defense with a sword was common.13st centuryItalian or BritishPriestNamed "boxing", and there is a theory that what he taught young people in the neighborhood was the beginning of the name "boxing".

Modern boxing

Prize money has been applied since the first half of the 16th century when sword mobile phones became uncommon.Bare-knuckle boxingGradually begins to show signs of emergence in England in the form of.

The founder of boxing today is said to be1695/Born in Tham Village, Oxford, EnglandJames figg (James Figg).He,wrestling,fencingWe are good at clubs and clubs,1718/Established "Boxing Academy" in London and started teaching boxing.While his "boxing" at the time was done with bare knuckles (bare hands) without gloves, he showed the appearance of a comprehensive martial art that allowed not only fisting but also kicking, throwing, tightening, biting, and blinding. It also included weapons techniques such as fencing and club art.While teaching himself, he earned a prize by defeating his bragging arms as a "prize fighter" (shaving his hair so that he wouldn't get caught), and gained fame along with boxing, which was recognized as an excellent self-defense technique. Became the first British champion.1730/Retired at the age of 36,1734/Died at the age of 39.

Was the successor to Fig(English edition) (Jack Broughton) thought that "the spread of boxing must eliminate this danger" because he killed his opponent during the defense of his own title.1743/Published the first seven-chapter rulebook "Broughton's Rule" in modern boxing.The contents are prohibition of hitting below the belt, prohibition of hugging below the waist, prohibition of attacking the fallen opponent, losing if you can not stand within 7 seconds after down,ring(Circle with a diameter of 25 feet, on hard soil) and so on.With practiceExhibitionWe have developed a padded glove named Muffler to prevent injuries in the game.

However, in the actual game, gloves are not used and it is still played in a form close to bare hands,1754/Boxing was banned in Britain due to the large number of deaths.For this reason, boxing matches were held in France and Belgium, but the support of aristocrats and wealthy people is deep-rooted.1790/Boxing resumed in England1811/The rematch between British champion Tom Molineaux and Tom Molineaux in the United States attracted as many as 2 spectators.

Establishment of London Prize Ring Rules

1814/Former Champion John Jackson founded the British Puzilist Conservation Society in1838/Announced the "London Prize Ring Rules" consisting of 29 articles.The contents were bare knuckle, prohibition of kicking technique, prohibition of head-butting, prohibition of eyeball scooping, giving down people a 30-second break and an 8-second grace period before returning to the specified position. ..

Boxing around this time was one round for each down, and it could be as long as 1 rounds, and in the early stages, we met gradually, being careful not to hurt our fists and wrists.

1856/In France, boxing and other entertainment were totally banned in Paris due to suspicion of match-fixing.

Enactment of Queensbury rules

1867/John Graham Chambers of the London Amateur Athletic Club is the 9th rule guarantorMarquess of QueensburyJohn DouglasThe 12-article "" bearing the name ofQueensbury rules(Marquess of Queensberry Rule) was announced.As a result, throwing techniques are prohibited, a round system that takes a 3-minute break between rounds with a 1-minute 1-round, wearing gloves, and losing KO if a down person cannot stand up within 10 seconds. Was established, and the current boxing rules were established.Established before the delay in "London Prize Ring Rules"1889/It continued until July when John Lawrence Sullivan fought a defense against Jake Rodriguez.

The first official World Heavyweight title match by the Quinn's Berry Rule was1892/9/7, John Lawrence Sullivan (John L. Sullivan)versusJames J. CorbettIt's a battle.Corbett is not the style of the time "Stand and Fight", but keeps a distance from the opponent and dodges punches, the light on the leftJabHe KOed Sullivan 21 times and won the victory in a style called "cowardly tactics" that keeps hitting and weakening the opponent.

There is no regulation on the number of rounds of the world title match as it is now, and it changes each time due to the promoter, the local commission organization, the agreement between the opponent camps, etc. ofJack johnson Of1915/4/5In the defense battle of, it was a total of 45 rounds (* The result was the challenger's 26 times KO), but two times before that.1913/12/19In the defense battle of, all 10 rounds (* The result was 10 rounds PTS draw) were disjointed, but all of his own defense battles were done in all 10 rounds.Gene TunneyAfter retirement1930/6/12Since the vacant world heavyweight deciding match held in Japan, the world title match has been played in almost all 15 rounds with some exceptions, so it was customary before the mid-1930s to say "World Title Match 15". "Rounding system" was virtually established.However1982/11/13A series of over the next few yearsRing bruiseIn response to the incident, the movement to shorten the round to a maximum of 12 rounds has spread even in major big matches such as the world war, and it continues to the present day.

Boxing matchSparringEven if you challenge or actually play against "SportsAnd more than martial arts "The reason for illegal denialThe crime of fighting cannot be established. (""Fighting crime Niseki Suru case(See)

Related books

Match format

amateur

In amateur boxing, one round is 18 minutes for seniors (1 years old and over), 3 minutes for juniors (high school students), and there is a 1 minute interval between rounds.

The number of rounds is generally 3 rounds in Japan, but in international games, from the latter half of the 1990s to the first half of the 2000s, one round is shortened to 1 minutes and it is played in 2 rounds or 5 rounds. I was told.Even in Japan, there are times when the All Japan Championship and its block qualifying rounds were played in a 4-minute, 2-round format.However, from January 4, the International Amateur Boxing Federation unified the system into a three-minute, three-round system, and accordingly, it was unified into a three-minute, three-round system in Japan.

Professional

男子のラウンドは3分間で、各ラウンドの間に1分間のインターバルが入る。公式戦のラウンド数は、4、6、8、10、12の5種類があり、例えば4ラウンドの試合は4回戦と呼ぶ。選手の技量と戦績に応じて6回戦、8回戦、10回戦と上がっていき、日本タイトルマッチは10回戦、 世界タイトルマッチ(WBA、WBC、IBF、WBO)などは12回戦で行われる[2].

On the other hand, it became officially recognizedWomen's boxingは、1ラウンド2分、インターバル1分で、公式戦のラウンド数は、4、6、8、10の4種類、日本タイトルマッチは8回戦、世界タイトルマッチは10回戦となっている[3].

The ring is square and, in principle, one side (inside the rope) is between 1 feet (18 meters) and 5.47 feet (24 meters).[3].

Athletes' clothes

amateur

In amateur boxing, athletes are trunks, running shirts (T-shirts or sleeveless shirts for girls), shoes,GloveTo wear.Headgear has been banned for senior males since 2013[4]As with professional boxing, players play games with their heads exposed.Gloves weigh 18 ounces for seniors (10+) across all classes, 10 ounces for juniors (high school students) up to light welterweight, and 12 ounces for welterweights and above.To prevent injuryMouthpieceAnd wear a foul cup.

Professional

In principle, male professional boxers play against each other with their shirts naked, and they are not allowed to wear running shirts.

Technology

class

Britain, where modern boxing originatedImperial systemBecause the boxing weight division also depends on the pound, it is a halfway number in kilograms, but the amateur class is divided in kilograms as a unit.

Some are called "light" for the slightly lighter class than the main body, and "super" for the slightly heavier class.

amateur

The classes defined by the International Boxing Federation are as follows (AIBA Technical and Competition rules (PDF)).The elite division was revised in 2010, the featherweight division was abolished for boys, the upper limit of the 3rd division below it was changed, and both men and women became 10th division.

 Age: Elite (19 to 40 years old)

    Youth (17 and 18 years old)

    Junior (15 and 16 years old)

 body weight:

Class nameMen's Elite

Youth

Women's Elite

Youth

Men and women Junior
Super heavyweightOver 91 kg------
HeavyweightOver 81kg up to 91kgOver 81 kgOver 80 kg
Light heavyweightOver 75kg up to 81kgOver 75kg up to 81kgOver 75kg up to 80kg
Middle classOver 69kg up to 75kgOver 69kg up to 75kgOver 70kg up to 75kg
Light middleweight------Over 66kg up to 70kg
WelterweightOver 64kg up to 69kgOver 64kg up to 69kgOver 63kg up to 66kg
Light welterweightOver 60kg up to 64kgOver 60kg up to 64kgOver 60kg up to 63kg
Light weightOver 56kg up to 60kgOver 57kg up to 60kgOver 57kg up to 60kg
Featherweight---Over 54kg up to 57kgOver 54kg up to 57kg
BantamweightOver 52kg up to 56kgOver 51kg up to 54kgOver 52kg up to 54kg
Light bantamweight------Over 50kg up to 52kg
FlyweightOver 49kg up to 52kgOver 48kg up to 51kgOver 48kg up to 50kg
Light flyweightUp to 49 kgUp to 48 kgUp to 46 kg
  • (Reference) Class at domestic competitions
Class nameWeight (boys)Weight (girl)Remarks
Super heavyweightOver 91 kg(No setting)
HeavyweightOver 81kg up to 91kgOver 80kg up to 86kg
Light heavyweightOver 75kg up to 81kgOver 75kg up to 80kg
Middle classOver 69kg up to 75kgOver 70kg up to 75kg
Light middleweight(No setting)Over 66kg up to 70kg
WelterweightOver 64kg up to 69kgOver 64kg up to 66kg
Light welterweightOver 60kg up to 64kgOver 60kg up to 63kg
Light weightOver 57kg up to 60kg
Featherweight(No setting)Over 54kg up to 57kg
BantamweightOver 52kg up to 56kgOver 52kg up to 54kg
FlyweightOver 49kg up to 52kg
Light flyweightOver 46kg up to 49kg
PinweightOver 42kg up to 46kgJunior (high school student) only

Professional

The classes in professional boxing are as follows.Previously,Japan Boxing CommissionThen, the name of "Junior ○○○ class" was adopted,1998/5/1ToWorld Boxing Association(WBA) andWorld Boxing CouncilThe rules were integrated with (WBC), and the names that were different between the two groups were unified into "Super XX class", so at the same time, the name was changed to "Super XX class" in the Japan Boxing Commission. ..As a result, the junior middleweight division was changed to the super welterweight division, the junior welterweight division to the super light weight division, the junior light weight division to the super featherweight division, and the junior flyweight division to the light flyweight division.

The junior name is still used by organizations other than WBA and WBC, and although the names differ depending on the organization, they have the same weight.There are 17 classes for boys.Depending on the group, girls may have an atom class (light minimum class) under the mini flyweight class (minimum class), or some or all of the classes above the super middleweight class may be missing.

Class nameWeight
(Kilogram / kg)
Weight
(Pounds / lb)
Remarks
HeavyweightOver 90.719 kgOver 200lb
Cruiserweight/ Junior Heavyweight90.719kg or less200lb or lessWBO only for girls
Light heavyweight79.379kg or less175lb or lessNo WBC girls
Super middleweight76.204kg or less168lb or less
Middle class72.575kg or less160lb or less
Super welterweight/ Junior middleweight / Light middleweight69.853kg or less154lb or less
Welterweight66.678kg or less147lb or less
Super light weight/ Junior welterweight / Light welterweight63.503kg or less140lb or less
Light weight61.235kg or less135lb or less
Super featherweight/ Junior lightweight58.967kg or less130lb or less
Featherweight57.153kg or less126lb or less
Super bantamweight/ Junior featherweight / Light featherweight55.338kg or less122lb or less
Bantamweight53.524kg or less118lb or less
Super flyweight/ Junior bantamweight / Light bantamweight52.163kg or less115lb or less
Flyweight50.802kg or less112lb or less
Light flyweight/ Junior flyweight48.988kg or less108lb or less
Minimum grade/ Straw weight / Mini flyweight47.627kg or less105lb or less
Atom class/ Light minimum class / Minimum class / Straw class / Mini class46.266kg or less102lb or lessGirls only

Victory

amateur

The method of deciding the victory or defeat of amateur boxing determined by the Japan Boxing Federation is as follows.[1]

  • KO (KnockOut): If the athlete cannot compete within 10 seconds after the down, or if the referee feels something is wrong with the downed athlete and the count is omitted and a ring doctor is called in.In the case of a double knockout, "both KOs lose", but in the case of the final of the tournament, it is judged by the scoring result so far.
  • RSC (RefereeStopContest): Equivalent to TKO of professional boxing.During competition if one of the competitors has a decisive difference, if the referee determines that the inferior competitor has been overly hit, or if the referee determines that the competition cannot be continued after the down. This applies to cases such as when the ring doctor has issued a recommendation to cancel the match due to an injury. As a variation of RSC, RSC-I (RSC-I) adopted when it is judged that the competition cannot be continued due to accidental injury during the competition.I= injury).
  • Abstention (ABanDon): When the athlete voluntarily abstains due to injury, etc., or when the second person throws a towel into the ring or goes up to the apron and offers to abstain.This ruling also applies if the contact lens wearer loses the lens during the match and cannot continue the match.
  • Disqualification (DiSQualified): When an opponent is forced to be unable to continue the match due to a serious foul or intentional foul.Also, if you receive three warnings (= deductions) in one game, you will be automatically disqualified. In some cases, it may be judged that both players are disqualified, and if both players are disqualified in the final of the tournament, the winner / runner-up medals will not be awarded.
  • Judgment (WP): The winner is determined by the score given by each judge in each round (scoring criteria will be described later).If one or both of the competitors are injured in an unintentional foul and the competition stops, one round endsLaterIf the match cannot be continued due to an unexpected accident, the outcome will be decided based on the scoring results so far.
  • Bye (WalkOver): If one player appears in the ring and the other player does not appear in the ring within 1 minute after the announcement, it is a bye.Also, if the opponent is disqualified due to pre-weighing or pre-examination, it will be treated in the same way.
  • Special rematch: XNUMX round ends前If the match cannot be continued due to an unexpected accident, the match will be temporarily suspended at the referee's discretion and replayed within the day as much as possible.

Professional

How to decide the victory or defeat is as follows.

  • KO (KnockOut): If you cannot stand up within 10 counts after going down due to a legitimate attack ("standing up" at this time means that you can not only stand up but also continue the match to the referee).In a match where the three-knockdown system is adopted, this applies even if the player suffers a third down in the same round.If both players go down at the same time in the form of a trade-off (double knockdown), if one player stands up within 10 counts, the standing player's KO wins, and if neither player can stand up, it is a draw (double knockout). ..
  • TKO (Technical KnockOut): When the match is one-sided and the outcome of the victory or defeat becomes clear.This applies to cases where the referee admits that one player has been unilaterally punched and has not been down but cannot continue the match.
  • Referee Stop: No fouls such as punch injuries and swelling of the eyes, fist fractures and shoulder dislocations caused by attacks, and leg injuries caused by down / slip down. When the referee decides that it is dangerous to continue the match based on the events during the match.TKO on record.
  • Give up: The player himself orSecondDetermines that the match cannot be continued any longer.In Japan, the second is the indication of intention during the match.Towel"Throwing a towel" is also used as a metaphor for admitting a loss, because it is done by throwing a towel into the ring.TKO on record.
  • Disqualification: Serious offenses such as "intentionally attacking and injuring by means other than punching", "continuing to attack by breaking the gongs and referees at the end of the round and knocking out non-resisting opponents" If you commit, or if the referee admits that your attitude will not change even if you repeatedly receive deductions due to foul play.
  • Judgment: If the match is not decided even after the final round, the match result will be decided based on the scores made by the three referees (referee judges) for each round (details of the scoring method will be described later).
  • Injury judgment: Occurred by accident or force majeure during the matchbattingIf the player is injured due to a foul event such as, and the referee decides that the match cannot be continued, the winner will be decided by scoring up to that point if the prescribed round has been reached.If the match is stopped before the end of the prescribed round, it will be an "injury draw" regardless of the superiority / inferiority and the scoring result.
  • Ring out: A player who has fallen from the ring due to an accident during the match cannot return to the ring within 20 counts.It is extremely rare to occur in official games in Japan, but overseas, there are cases where players with a large physique overwhelm the rope in heavyweight games.
  • No contest (invalid match): When a serious accident occurs that makes it impossible to continue the match, or when the commission admits that there was a serious mistake in the judgment of victory or defeat or a serious mistake in the management of the match once the match result is confirmed.In Japan, there are cases such as "It was discovered by VTR verification after the match that the round was completed one minute earlier than the regulation due to a measurement error of the timekeeper."

Scoring method

amateur

The scoring system for amateur boxing has changed significantly with the times.Previously, paper scoring by the maximum score / deduction method of 20 points and punches recognized by the judges as effective hits were counted with the button at hand, and the punches were totaled by the computer and "Punches recognized by three or more judges as effective hits at the same time". In 2013, the AIBA (International Boxing Association) drastically reformed the competition rules, and the scoring system was significantly revised.

* The following scoring criteria are based on those announced by the Japan Boxing Federation as of 2021.[2]

The current scoring system is a deduction system with a maximum of 10 points by a 10-point mast system similar to that of professionals, and unlike professionals who are allowed to score 10-10 in a limited way, "rounds" always give superiority or inferiority to each round.・ Score with "mast".Rounds with close superiority and inferiority are 10 to 10, rounds with clear superiority and inferiority in terms of the number of effective at bats and counts (down and standing down in professionals) are 10 to 5, and there is a difference in all factors such as the number of effective at bats and the number of counts. The round is XNUMX to XNUMX.The points for each round are totaled, and if there is a deduction, that amount is deducted for judgment.Judges have a five-person system (three-person system may be used in small-scale tournaments, etc.), and the majority vote based on the total points of each judge wins or loses.At that time, the judges who had the same total points are obliged to specify which player was superior throughout the match in addition to the scoring of the final round, so unlike the professionals, the "draw" ruling is not exist.The criteria for judging the superiority or inferiority of each round are set as follows.

 XNUMX. XNUMX.Number of quality hits to the target area (whether the overall number and quality of "effective hits with weight in the knuckle part" exceeded)

 XNUMX. XNUMX.Dominating the competition with technical and tactical dominance (whether a tactical combination of attack and defense is effective)

 XNUMX. XNUMX.Aggression (whether or not you can see the attitude of aiming for victory continuously during the competition)

Unlike professionals whose scoring is largely related to the presence or absence of knockdown, if there is a big difference in the situation, it will be 10-8 even if there is no count, or conversely, even if it is driven into the count, the number of clean hits and the degree of accumulation of damage will approach. If so, it is quite possible that it will stay at 10-9.

Professional

A deduction method with a maximum of 10 points. According to the JBC rules, 10 to 10 if they are even, 10 to 9 if one wins, 1 to 10 if they are close to or close to, 8 downs, or 2 downs. If there was, but the damage was not so serious, it would be 3 to 10, if there were 7 downs, or if 3 downs were overwhelmingly superior to 2 to 10 equivalent, it would be 7 to 10. If a large difference of 6 to 10 or more is recognized, it will be TKO. (Under the old JBC rules, if there was a further difference or if a third down occurred, the referee would stop the match and there was no 5-3 score, but since 10 it has become a free knockdown system. The standard has changed).

The "10-point mast system" currently adopted worldwide stipulates that "one player must be given a perfect score of 10 points" and does not necessarily allow a "10 to 10" score. is not it.For example, even if both players have one down, it does not become "1 to 8", but it means that factors other than down are comprehensively judged and a score of "8 to X" is given.Since the foul deduction is treated as subtracting from the total points, it is possible that the deducted player will get 10 points in the round where the foul occurred ("10 (-10) vs. 1" in the scoring table of newspapers and specialized magazines. Etc.).In recent world title matches, a scoring method called "round mast" that does not take "10 to 10" as much as possible has become the mainstream, and this is confused with "10 point mast system" on TV. It is also scattered in the world war broadcasts. It has been pointed out that the value of the one-point difference obtained by winning a slight difference round and the one-point difference obtained by a clear superiority are the same as the harmful effect of "Round Mast", and PABA (Pan Asian Boxing) that once existed has been pointed out. The Association) made judgments in 1 point increments (1 to 0.5, etc.) called "half points" in order to mitigate the harmful effects.

There are the following four items as the main scoring criteria.

  1. Which one did the damage with the effective hit? (Clean hit)
  2. Which was more aggressive? (aggressive)
  3. Which one prevented the other's attack better? (defense)
  4. Which match attitude was dignified, good at tactics, and took the initiative (ring general ship).

The priority of each element is generally said to be "clean hit> aggressive> defense> ring general ship". For example, "one player made many" clean hits "with light punches, but most of the other. When it is not easy to judge the situation, such as when attacking "aggressive" and holding "ring general ship" in the time of "Aggressive", it is left to the judge's subjectivity to decide which player is superior. This is the reason why the scoring result is broken.The scoring will be done by each of the three judges in each round, and the winner will be the player supported by two or more judges.Unanimous Decision (UD) when all three judges support one player, Majority Decision (MD) when two judges support one and the other is a draw, 3 When a person's judge supports the other player, it is called a split decision (SD).In the case of a draw in a tournament, the judge who made the draw will make the final decision and settle the game, but depending on the tournament, overtime may be held.

Foul

If you do any of the following during the match, you will be fouled and the referee will be alerted.If you are careful, you will be deducted from the points in professional boxing, and if it is malicious, you will be disqualified.

  • batting..Attack with your head, elbows, etc.
  • Holding (hold).Hold the opponent's body or arm with your arm or glove.
  • Low blow..Attack below the opponent's belt line.So-calledGoldenAlso applies to this.
  • Open blow..Attack with a part other than the knuckle part of the glove.
  • Chop blow.Attack like a karate chop.
  • Rabbit punch.Attack the back of the opponent's head.
  • Kidney blow.Attacks the kidneys.Attacks on the back side are totally prohibited.
  • Throwing technique,TackleSuch aswrestlingaction.
  • After the referee orders a break, he attacks the "box" before prompting him to resume the match.
  • Attack after the gong at the end of the round rings.
  • Summing..An attack that pokes the opponent's eyes with the thumb of the glove.

In amateur boxing, foul rules are stricter than in professional boxing.The following 17 items are the offenses shown in the International Boxing Association (AIBA) rulebook.

  • Hitting below the belt line, holding, catching, kicking.
  • Hitting with the head, shoulders, forearms, and elbows, strangling the opponent, pressing the opponent's face with the arms and elbows, pushing the opponent's head to the outside of the rope.
  • Open blow (hit without gripping), inside blow (hit inside the glove), hit on the wrist or the side of the glove.
  • Hit the back of your opponent.Especially the hit to the back of the opponent's neck and head, Kidney blow.
  • Pivot blow (Swirling back fist).Make one turn and hit.
  • Attack while holding the rope.All other unfair acts using ropes.
  • Lying down, wrestling and throwing from the clinch.
  • Attacking an opponent who is down or trying to get up from down.
  • Holding.Hitting while holding, hitting while pulling the opponent.Hold your opponent's arm or head, or hold your opponent's arm down.
  • Ducking lower than the opponent's belt line in a dangerous situation.
  • Deliberately foul, try to avoid attacks by running around, and provide complete passive defense.
  • Show an inappropriate offensive attitude.
  • Don't retreat properly when the referee orders a break.
  • After the referee orders a break and retreats, he tries to hit without a break.
  • Take an aggressive attitude towards the referee.
  • The act of intentionally spitting out the mouthpiece.
  • Keep stretching your arms so that they obstruct your opponent's view.

title

Boxers, regardless of whether they are professionals or amateurs, basically go to the match to win this.Some professional boxers have sufficient status and honor, and for their own pride and financial reasons, even if they return the title they hold, they will prioritize the match against other strong players.

amateur

In amateur boxing地区-Domestic-international-世界-OlympicThe value increases in the order of.It is divided into junior, cadet, and senior categories according to age.Ama is different from a professionalTournamentSince the system is adopted, defeat is never allowed, and it is said that it is more difficult to win the throne than a professional.Professional athletes are still not allowed to participate in amateur competitions.

International Boxing Association(AIBA)Japan Boxing Federation(JABF)

Professional

In professional boxing, the value of the title is地区(local)·Domestic(National) ・Region-international(International) orIntercontinental(Intercontinental)·世界-UnificationOrSupermarketThe value increases in the order of the throne, depending on the groupYouth throne-Junior throneIs provided.In Japan, the Japan Boxing Commission (JBC) has recognized the Japanese throne, and although it is not well known, there are also regional titles in Japan.The regional throne, which is higher than the domestic throne, is certified by the regional federation and the subordinate organizations of the world organization, and the international title, the intercontinental title, the world title, the super title, etc. are directly certified by the world organization. There is.

Listed below are the four major world title accreditation organizations known as the four major professional boxing organizations. Other groups, including WBA and WBC, are football playersFIFAIt is not an organization like this, but an organization that is accredited by the throne, and is a separate organization that "people who are dissatisfied with the way organization a is and how it is operated launches organization b and another world title certified by b". Because there are also, I am not in charge of professional boxing.

The following are other world title accreditation bodies in professional boxing.These short-lived titles are considered less valuable than those of the four major groups, and are often not recognized as world titles when won.

The following international and intercontinental thrones in professional boxing are directly controlled by world organizations.Its value as a throne is lower than that of the world throne, and it is used for touchstones and foiling before the challenge of the world throne. JBC does not acknowledge these.

  • WBA
    • International throne
    • Intercontinental throne
  • WBC
    • International throne
    • Intercontinental throne
  • IBF
    • International throne
    • Intercontinental throne
  • Wbo
    • International throne
    • Intercontinental throne

The regional throne in professional boxing is directly recognized by a regional organization that is independent of the world organization, a subordinate organization of the world organization, or a world organization. JBC only recognizes the OPBF and WBO Asia Pacific titles under the WBC.

TV broadcast program

Boxing broadcastSee also

Boxing-themed work

movies
TV drama
Comic
Novel
Game

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

Related item

外部 リンク

Professional boxing related

4 major boxing world title certification organizations

Other Boxing World Title Certification Organizations

Boxing area title accreditation body

Boxing groups in Japan


 

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