Portal field news

Portal field news


😷 | [Breaking news] 10th Okinawa / 5063 new corona infections 


[Breaking news] 10th Okinawa, new corona 5063 people infected 

If you write the contents roughly
In addition, Okinawa Prefecture has been designated by the national government as a "BA.5 countermeasures strengthening area", and the prefecture is strengthening its appeal to visitors to Okinawa from outside the prefecture.

Okinawa Prefecture announced on the 10th that 5,063 new coronavirus infections were confirmed in Okinawa Prefecture.Wed last week... → Continue reading

 Ryukyu Broadcasting

Ryukyu Broadcasting is a radio/TV broadcasting station in Okinawa.
We send various news rooted in the region such as Okinawa's politics, economy, and lifestyle.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Areas where BA.5 measures are strengthened


    Okinawa(Okinawa Ken,Okinawan: Uchina / ʔucinaa /[1][2]) IsJapan OfKyushu and Okinawa regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheNahaLocated in the west ofOkinawa main island,Miyakojima,IshigakijimaComposed of many islands[3].


    Kagoshima OfSatsunan Islandsexcept forNansei IslandsIslands (Okinawa Islands,Sakishima Islands,Daito Islands),East China SeaThe Pacific OceanSandwiched between. It covers an area of ​​2,281 square kilometers and is the smallest in Japan's prefectures.Kagawa,Osaka,TokyoIt is the 4th largest after Japan and is also the prefecture that includes the southernmost region of Japan where people live.[Note 2]. Also,Yaeyama DistrictYonaguni TownIs in the westernmost part of JapanMunicipalitiesAndYonaguni IslandAt the northwest end ofTuisiIs the westernmost point in Japan[4].

    About 9% of the population of the prefectureOkinawa main island8% of the prefecture's population is concentrated in the central and southern part of the main island.Naha city centerThree major metropolitan areasEqual toThe population densityThere is.

    Almost allSubtropicalClimate, partly熱 帯Belongs to.It has a mild climate throughout the year, with minimum temperatures rarely below freezing.

    Sea transport (Sea lane) And military points (First archipelago line) Located in important places asUS military bases in JapanExists. As the main US military facilities,Kadena Air Base,Futenma Air Base,Camp butlerAnd so on.

    From historical background (described later), religion, culture and customs, personal names and dialects, cuisine,Food culture:And industries, demographics and income disparitiesYoshimaThere is a big difference with.Popularly speaking of Okinawa "outside the prefecture"Inland(Nichi)" and Japanese outside Okinawa may be called "Nichia".

    One of the best in Japan because it is one of the few southern islands in JapanResortIt became a place and became a standard summer tourist destination for Japanese people.in particular2001 OfTV drama"ChuraAfter the broadcast, Okinawan culture has become more familiar than the boom outside the prefecture, and the number of tourists and immigrants from outside the prefecture has increased significantly.Cultural experience as Okinawa Prefecture,Okinawan cuisine,leisure,Marine Sports,War ruinsEtc. as a strengthTourismWe are particularly focusing on the field.The global name recognition of Okinawa as a whole is still low,Zamami IslandOnly Michelin Green Guide Japan has won two stars and has become a national park, so it has been widely introduced as a tourist attraction in Japan overseas and has gained a certain degree of name recognition.[5].

    Looking at the industry ratio in Okinawa prefecture, it includes tourismTertiary industryAccount for 79.2%Primary industryIs 5.4%,Secondary industryIs low at 15.4%[6].. Okinawa isPacific highLocated on the south side ofTropical cycloneBecause it is close to the sea area where typhoons occur, the weather in Okinawa tends to be rough from the beginning of September to the beginning of November during the typhoon season, and it departs and arrives in Okinawa.Passenger planeIs easy to cancel. However, since September is the off-season despite the high temperature, it is possible to travel cheaply under almost the same conditions as in summer.

    In the martial arts worldkarateIt is world-famous as the birthplace of Ryukyu Karate, and many foreign students are practicing in the karate dojo in the prefecture. From boxing in IshigakiGushiken High SchoolHas produced many world champions and famous players.


    The origin of the place name "Okinawa" comes from "Oki (offshore) (fish) is (place)" which means "offshore fishing ground" (Inami Fuyu), and "Oki (Oki/Far) Naha (place)", which means "a place off the coast" or "a place far" (Hiro Onna).[Source required]

    Tankai MifuneWritten by 779KangenIn the biography ""Tenpyo KatsuhoIt is stated that the envoy to Tang China arrived at Akonahashima (Akonawajima) on November 5, 753 (11).[Note 3][7]I heard that this island was referring to the main island of Okinawa[8].Later, it came to be called 'Ryukyu' or 'Ryukyu' by the name from the Chinese side.

    Ryukyu disposalAt the time ofMeiji governmentWithinRyukyu prefectureWas also considered. this is1879(12th year of Meiji),Ryukyu DomainWas abandoned and was climbing up when Okinawa was established. Lord of the InteriorIto HirobumiFrom the Prime MinisterMimi SanjoThe text on the Ryukyu disposal dated March 3 of the same year, which was submitted to Ryukyu Prefecture, states that "Ryukyu Clan was abolished, Ryukyu Prefecture was abandoned, and the fact that it was announced was declared by the Prefectural Office Ha Shuri Ni." Was used, but it was not adopted. The history of this period is unknown,ChineseIt can be inferred that Okinawa was selected because the intention to belong to Japan became clearer than the origin of Ryukyu.Also oldShinano country Nagano, OldUeno country GunmaIt is thought that one of the reasons is that there was a principle that a wide range of area names such as the old country name should not be used as the name of the prefecture.Originally, "Okinawa" as a termOkinawa main islandThe Amami archipelago was officially incorporated into Japan with the establishment of Okinawa Prefecture.Okinawa Islands-Sakishima IslandsThe whole area came to be called "Okinawa" and it was also broadly interpreted.[9].

    Geography / Region / High Seas

    Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismOkinawa, which is one of Japan's 14 regional divisions, consists of only one prefecture in Okinawa.[Note 4].. In addition, it may be called a part of "Kyushu region" or "Kyushu/Okinawa region" ("Kyushu #Modern "Kyushu"See).Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismIs "Okinawa main island","NativeIt's one of the five islands[Note 5][Note 6]. Geographical Survey Institute,Japan Coast GuardAccording to Okinawa Prefecture consists of 363 islands[3].. 49 manned islands and numerousUninhabited islandConsisting of 0.01km2There are 160 islands with the above area[13].. About 1,000 from the easternmost point to the westernmost pointkmWith a vast prefectural area, the northernmost to the southernmost area is about 400km.[14].. The Nansei Islands extend from Kagoshima Prefecture to near Taiwan, and are geographically distributed in the north.Tokara IslandsUp toAmami archipelagoOkinawa IslandsandSakishima IslandsIt is roughly divided into three. Okinawa main islandMiyakojimaBetweenMiyako KaikyoIt is called 145 even in the narrowest sectionnautical mile(About 270km), of which about 48 nautical miles (about 89km)WatersConnected water areaAnd the remaining 97 nautical miles (about 180 km)Exclusive economic zoneIt has become. The distance between Yonaguni Island and Taiwan is about 54 nautical miles (about 100 km).

    Edge of Okinawa[15]
    (I.e.Local governmentRemarks位置
    NorthernmostIwo TorishimaKumejima TownLimited to manned islandsIheya Island[16]
    Location of Okinawa Prefecture (in the Nansei Islands)
    Iwo Torishima
    Iwo Torishima
    Hateruma Island
    Hateruma Island
    Kitadaito Island
    Kitadaito Island
    Yonaguni Island
    Yonaguni Island
    Iheya Island
    Iheya Island
    Okinawa Prefecture (Nansei Islands)
    Southernmost pointHateruma IslandTaketomi TownJapan's southernmost inhabited island[17]
    Easternmost pointKitadaito IslandKitadaito Village
    Westernmost pointYonaguni IslandYonaguni TownJapan's westernmost island[18]

    Although there are many remote islands, medical care in remote islands is lacking due to human resources or economic reasons,hospitalWithoutClinicThere are many islands called Minami. Therefore, in the case of emergency patients who cannot be treated on remote islandsOkinawa main islandBy airJapan Ground Self-Defense Force,Japan Coast GuardIs going. In addition,Miyakojima,IshigakijimaSince there are prefectural general hospitals in the area, emergency cases on remote islands around these islands may be transported to Miyako Island or Ishigaki Island instead of Okinawa main island.

    Within a radius of 1,000 km of Naha City, which is the prefectural capitalKyushu IslandWhole areaShimonoseki,Shanghai,Fuzhou,Taiwan IslandThe entire area is included, and within 1,500 kmOsaka,Nanjing,Seoul,Pyongyang,Manila,Hong KongAnd so on. Within 2000 kmTokyo,Sendai,Beijing,Shenyang,Haikou City, Hainan Province,Changchun,VladivostokEtc., and within 2500 kmWakkanai,成都,Chongqing,Hanoi,Guam,北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島,パラオIs exactlyEast Asia-Southeast AsiaJapanIt is in a position that can be said to be a contact point with.

    The central and southern part of the main island of OkinawaNaha,Okinawa CityUrbanization and population concentration are progressing mainly in, and more than 5 million people live in about one-fifth of the total area (Okinawa main island See also). Moreover,Extraterritorial lawThere are many U.S. military bases, and the available area is even more limited. for that reasonThe population densityIs the 9th place in the whole country,Three major metropolitan areasExcluding the prefectures ofFukuokaSecond highest after.


    Ryukyu Islands on the Pacific Ocean sideRyukyu TrenchAnd on the East China Sea sideOkinawa TroughSandwiched between. Ryukyu TrenchPhilippine Sea Plate Eurasia plateIt was made by diving intoNankai TroughThe cause is similar to. In the back sea basin Okinawa trough, the Eurasian plate was torn in a new age and collapsed 1000-2000mIt is a pit and there are hydrothermal deposits. Geologically, Okinawa Island and Amami Oshima of the Ryukyu Islands (islands) are called Naka Ryukyu, which is sandwiched between the Kerama Sea Fissure and the Tokara Straits. When the Philippine Sea Plate sinks below the Eurasia Plate, which becomes the land-side slope, it is composed of sediment on the oceanic crust that is pressed against the edge of the land-side slope Eurasia Plate of the trench) It is roughly divided into the northern side of Okinawa Island, which is made from old accretionary deposits of 3 million years ago, and the southern side of Okinawa Island, which is made up of local deposits made 5000 million years ago.


    SubtropicalIn the zoneBiology Blessed with a favorable climate, there are many valuable flora and fauna. In the northern part of Okinawa main islandYamaharaと 呼 ば れ る森林Has spread,Noguchi Gera,Yanbaru Kina,Yambaru Tenaga Kogane such asNatural treasureAnd precious creatures inhabit. Part of the coastline between Yamahara and the main island of Okinawa,Kerama IslandsEtc.Okinawa Coast National MonumentIs specified in. A part of Iriomote Island and Ishigaki IslandIriomote Ishigaki National ParkHas been designatedmangroveIn addition to spreading the forest,Iriomote WildcatSuch precious creatures inhabit. In addition,Ministry of the EnvironmentSpecified byImportant wetlands in Japan 500Of these, 55 are in Okinawa Prefecture. this is,HokkaidoThis is the second largest number in Japan after (61 locations).
    (I.e.Water shortage
    2005From (17)2007(19) Each year6ToRainy season frontWith heavy rainThunderAttacked the main island of Okinawa, flooding everywhere,Landslide,LandslideAnd so on. In the normal year, there is a lot of precipitation throughout the year,rainy seasontyphoonDue to the fact that there is a lot of rainfall due to rain, large fluctuations from year to year, and because there is no large river and it immediately flows into the sea, it is easy to fall into a water shortage in terms of climate and topography.[19].. In addition, the population of about 1946 in 51 was restored to the mainland.1972(Showa 47) increased to about 96,the 1990sOften due to lack of water until the first halfWater outageWas made[20][21].. Especially1981-1982 droughtIn Japan, water supply was restricted for 326 days, the longest in Japan. Therefore, many houses have a water tank installed on the roof. However, the water transfer from the northern part of the Okinawa main island to the southern part has progressed,1997(9) stable water supply possible regardless of climateDesalinationFacilityChatan TownBecause it was completed in[22],2005Although the prefecture's population increased to about 17 million in 136, the number of people running out of water has decreased.
    In Japan, which is called an "earthquake powerhouse,"KyusyuAs with the above, the number of (feeling) earthquakes per year is small. But,Non-life insurance rate calculation mechanismAccording to the latest collection of statistics, the area is second-class, and it is no longer considered to be an area with a particularly low risk. in the past1771 OfYaeyama earthquakebyBig tsunamiso,Sakishima IslandsHas caused a lot of damage. recently2010(22)Earthquake near the main island of OkinawaFor the first time in about 100 years, we observed seismic intensity of 5 or more on the main island of Okinawa,Katsuren Castle RuinsPart of the castle wall collapsed[23].


    The climate classification in JapanSouthern Japan climateBelong to.

    Miyakojima,Tarama Island,Ishigakijima,Iriomote Island,Yonaguni Island,Hateruma IslandandOki Daitojima The熱 帯In a sex climateKöppen climate classificationThen.Rainforest climate to (Af)Kitadaito IslandandMinami Daito Islandalso has a tropical climateTropical monsoon climate(Am), other areasSubtropicalBy sexWarm and humid climate Belongs to (Cfa). High temperature and high humidity in each region of OkinawammAs a result, the average annual temperature is about 22.° CHas become. However, the maximum temperature exceeds 35℃Extremely hot dayAlmost never[24].. This is because Okinawa has a small land area and is surrounded by the sea (Oceanic climate) FromFern phenomenonAnd a large scale brought by the weak winds and urbanizationHeat island phenomenonThis is because there is no such factor (however, there are research reports on the small-scale heat island phenomenon in urban areas).Also in OkinawaTyphoon ginzaIs called and manytyphoonApproach. If we focus on each month,rainy seasonIt is common in May, which is the average period of entry, and in August, when many typhoons approach.In addition, the daylight hours are long in July and short in January and February in winter.In winter, there are many rainy and cloudy days due to the influence of the monsoon from the north.By the end of the rainy season,Summer solstice south wind(Kurachibe on the main island of Okinawa, Kurchibai around Miyako and Yaeyama[25]) Called a strong southward wind with a speed of 10 m or more per second, signaling the arrival of summer(I.e.Known as[26].


    It is very rare to have snow in winter,1977(52)2/17ToKumejimaso,2016(28)1/24In Kumejima and Nago City respectivelySleet(On the weather recordsnowSame treatment) was observed[27][28] [29].Japanese Meteorological AgencyOfficially announced the only two snowfall records in Okinawa Prefecture, and Kumejima snowfall is the southernmost snowfall record in Japan.[30].

    Before the start of observation,Ryukyu KingdomAccording to the "Kyuyo"1774,1816,1843,1845,1857Each of them records that there was snowfall in the current area of ​​Okinawa prefecture.[31].

    Incidentally,Heavy snowfall in January 38Then in various parts of the prefectureFrost,Hailstone,leopardEtc. have been observed and damage to agricultural products has occurred.[32].

    1999(11)12/20And before and after that, there were several sightings reported that "it snowed" in Naha city etc.,NHK Okinawa Broadcasting StationThe video of the "Snow-like thing" was broadcasted in Japan, but the weather station was negative because the temperature was high.[33][34], It is not an official snowfall record.

    Meteorological data for various areas in Okinawa Prefecture[35]
    Average price
    Okinawa IslandsDaito
    Miyako IslandsYaeyama Islands
    Okinawa main islandYi
    First name
    Handing over
    Long time
    to East Malaysia
    IshigakijimaIriomote Island
    Kunigami Village
    NagoKin TownNahaNanjo City
    Number of threads
    Tono CastleBetween IharaSonoOhara
    Climate classificationcFAcFAcFAcFAcFAcFAcFAcFAcFAAfAfAfAfAfAfAfAf

    The coldest
    Precipitation amount

    • Average value from 1981 to 2010 (However, from 1971 to 2000 for Kin Town and Tarama Island)


    nature Park



    The characteristics of rivers in this prefecture are that they are steep and the length of the river is short,Basin areaIs small[40].. Therefore, the river flow rate changes significantly, and it is easy to fall into water shortages due to heavy rainfall and light rainfall. AlsomangroveIt forms a natural environment unique to the subtropical zone, such as forests[41].. Currently in northern OkinawaRed soilSpill, from a barn in the South CentralDrainageRivers affected by汚染Is a problem[42][43].

    This prefecture is the only one in Japan,First-class riverDoes not exist.Second-class riverIs based on the request of the governorOkinawa Promotion Special Measures ActIs under the direct control of the Japanese government to carry out improvements and repairs.[44].

    • Urauchi River -With the longest river in Okinawa Prefecture, including the Mariyudu Waterfall.
    Lakes and tidal flats

    Area classification

    As of 2019, there are 11 cities, 5 counties, 11 towns, and 19 villages in Okinawa Prefecture.

    In modern times (2020), the area of ​​Okinawa Prefecture isNorthern region,Chubu region, southern region (southern remote island region), Miyako / Yaeyama regionOita[45][46].

    The southern remote island area may be included in the southern area, but excludes the main island of Okinawa, Ie Island, Iheya Island, and Izena Island.Okinawa IslandsDaito IslandsIt is a concept that includes the towns and villages of the islands of.

    In addition, the village areas of Iejima, Iheyajima, and Izenajima are included in the northern region (the term "northern remote island region" is not official).

    However, it is a remote island around the main island and belongs to Kunigami Village, Ogimi Village, Nakijin Village, Motobu Town, Nago City, Onna Village, Uruma City, Tomigusuku City, Itoman City, Nanjo City.[Note 7]Is not included in these remote island areas.

    Historical regional division

    1896(29th year of Meiji)4/1 OfCounty systemWith the enforcement (Okinawa prefectural system)Naha Ward,Shuri WardWhen,Kunigami,Nakagami-gun,Shimajiri,Miyako-gun,Yaeyama District5 counties were established (2 wards, 5 counties).At this point, it had continued since the inauguration of Okinawa Prefecture.Old common policyThe Magiri system remained during the Ryukyu Kingdom era[Note 8][Note 9]..This continued until April 1908, 41 (Meiji 4), when Okinawa Prefecture's own island town and village system was enforced, and it was transferred from Magiri to the village (Son).

    In particular, the county division at the time of the enforcement of the Okinawa prefectural system in 1896 was "oldCounty systemMay be said[Note 10], The custom of dividing into 5 areas (5 districts) with this boundary still remains in the system.

    Due to this historical background, from the beginning of the old county system to the present dayIheya Village-Izena villageBelongs to Shimajiri District, but on the other hand, it is incorporated into the northern region as a modern administrative division.In addition, excluding the main island of Okinawa and Ie IslandOkinawa IslandsWhen,Daito IslandsMunicipalities of the islands also belong to Shimajiri-gun, and are included in the southern region (southern remote island region), which is not necessarily the southern region.

    Other administrative divisions and metropolitan areas

    In addition to the above, the regional divisions by the government are on the main island of Okinawa (including surrounding remote islands).Wide administrative areaAsNorthern wide area,Chubu Wide Area Municipal Area,Southern area municipalitieshave.

    These wide-area administrative areas are influenced by the Okinawa metropolitan area and the Naha metropolitan area, and constitute areas that are more realistic in terms of administrative function and commerce.Therefore, Urasoe City, which belongs to the Chubu region, is included in the Southern Regional Municipal Area.Nishihara Town is officially a central metropolitan area, but there are some cases where it is treated more realistically in the south.

    Okinawa main island (including remote islands around the main island, Iheya island, Izena island, Ie island)

    Northern wide area
    The range of (former) Kunigami-gun plus Iheyajima and Izenajima of Shimajiri-gun.It is also called "Kunigami district" from the name of the county.
    Chubu Wide Area Municipal Area
    The range excluding Urasoe City from the range of (former) Nakagami District.
    Southern area municipalities
    (Old) Shimajiri-gun and oldNaha Ward, OldShuri Ward[Note 11]And the range including Urasoe City in the Chubu region (here, the main island of Okinawa is dealt with).
    Nishihara Town belongs to the Chubu region and the Chubu wide area municipal area, but some office unions may be joint with the South.

    Okinawa Islands (excluding Iheya Island, Izena Island, Ie Island)

    Southern regional municipal area (remote island)
    Both belong to (former) Shimajiri-gun and the southern regional municipalities.It is also called "Southern remote island" with the same concept as the southern remote island area.

    Sakishima Islands

    Miyako district
    Former Miyako branch office, range of (former) Miyako-gun
    Yaeyama district
    Former Yaeyama branch office, range of (former) Yaeyama-gun

    American base

    As of 2017, dedicated facilities of the U.S. forces in Japan occupy 15% of the total area of ​​the main island of Okinawa.[47][48].



    Ancient timesJapanese sequelInEmperor Bunmu2 years(698), the order of the Imperial Court was sent to the South Island (Nantou) (Nansei Islands) by Dr. Mitsuhiro Nibun. At that time, Dr. Bunshin's mission was to confirm the relationship between Yakushima, Tanegashima, and Amami Oshima, which was the third year of Emperor Bunmu (699) Describes that he was awarded the rank because of his tribute to the court because of his many bounties, smuts, rewards and feelings. Since then, the Imperial Court has dispatched Koji to Tanegashima and also to Kumejima and Ishigakijima to send messengers.Wado8 years(715) Describes that the Amami, Yaku, Minkaku, Shinkaku, and Kumi Islanders of the South Island came to Japan in the morning and paid tribute to the people of the Ezo. OtherYoro4 years(720) To 232 South Islanders,Turtle4 years(727), the rank was awarded to 132 South Islanders, etc.

    Ryukyu KingdomIt was compiled in the eraNakayama Seman"according to,Homoto no RanLost inIzuWashed awaySource morningTo escape from chasingUnten Port), the child was the first King of RyukyuShuntenIt is said that it became an official history. in the late 14th centurySanzanKingdom (Kitayama,中山,Namsan) RiseGusuku eraRushed into China (Light)TributeToothBookletReceivedRyukyu tradeWas going on. Nakayama King in 1429SatoshiDestroyed Nanzan and Kitayama, unified Ryukyu, and founded the Ryukyu Kingdom (First Sho).The ruins of the castle ruins of the Gusuku period are "Gusuku and related heritage groups of Ryukyu Kingdom]UNESCO Ofworld HeritageRegistered in.1469ToShou DeokKanemaru who was a vassal ofRobberyAnd selfNaoAnd was crownedSecond Sho). The prints will be expanded to the surrounding Sakishima Islands and the Amami Islands,1609(Keicho14 years)Satsuma DomainUnder the invasion ofKing NangSurrendered, under the rule of the kingdom at the timeAmami archipelagoCeded to Satsuma Domain[Note 12], The kingdom was under the control of the Satsuma Domain (Ryukyu invasion). Even after the invasion by Satsuma, the kingdom continued to be sealed in China, and it was a system of "both affiliations" with the Satsuma domain of Japan and Kiyokuni.IsolationOf both countries under the regimeRelay tradeIt played a role as a land and maintained its own culture and autonomy through trade. The relationship between mainland Japan and Okinawa at that time continues to the present day in JapanSouth Sea fantasyBecame the beginning of[Source required].

    Entering modern times1853(Kaei6 years)Matthew PerryLeadBlack shipThe fleet arrives at Ryukyu and visits Shuri Castle.Next day1854(Kaei7 years)Ryumai Preference TreatyStarting with concludingFrance, NetherlandsAlso signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce.On the other hand, in mainland JapanMeiji RestorationAngryOpeningWhat I did,1871(Meiji 4) In MayNisshin Osamu RegulationsIs concludedclearA diplomatic relationship was established with. However, in October of the same year, about a month laterMiyakojima Islander AccidentOccurs,Meiji governmentTo deal with diplomacyCentralizationRush to establish a nation,1872(5th year of Meiji),Ryukyu DomainIs installed in the Ryukyu kingSho TaiWas sealed as "Ryukyu Clan King" and a clan residence was set up in Tokyo.Sir FukushimaAfter negotiations with Qing by1874(Meiji 7)Taiwan troopsSo, the general authority such as not harming Japanese passengersUnited KingdomConfirmed by the post-treatment treaty by the ambassador's mediation, a diplomatic incident with Qing has resulted.18793/27(Meiji12 years)[49], Meiji government abolished the Ryukyu domainOkinawaInstalled,Sho TaiMoved to a clan residence in TokyoEthnic familyWill be.A series of processes in which Ryukyu was incorporated into Japan in the early Meiji eraRyukyu disposalSay.

    1945(Showa20 years),Pacific WarIs called "the largest ground battle in Japan"[Note 13]Battle of OkinawaBecame the battlefield. US Army4/1On the main island of OkinawaYomitan VillageImmediately landed on the coast of the island, and quickly controlled the northern half of the island, the Japanese army was attacked by the U.S. forces in the south and the Shurijo castle where the general headquarters was located burned down,6/23Of the Okinawa Defense Force Supreme CommanderUshijima ManLieutenant GeneralsMabuniThe self-determination ended the organized battle. Due to the fierce battle for about three months, one in four people in the prefecture was killed and the land was devastated. Mabuni is currentlyOkinawa Battlefield National MonumentHas been designated as, and June 6Memorial DayAs a holiday in Okinawa Prefecture.

    After the war in OkinawaGhq OfSCAPIN --677Nansei Islands by order[Note 14]Was under the U.S. military administration, Japan's administration was suspended, and Okinawa Prefecture as an administrative entity (under the Governor of the Ministry of Interior) once disappeared (Okinawa rule by the United States).Large-scale requisition of villages and farmland for base construction under U.S. military ruleRight-hand roadAs a currencyB yen,laterU.S. dollarTo travel to mainland JapanpassportAfter the war, post-war reconstruction was promoted in an American way.1952Japan, which was under the occupation of GHQ in (Showa 27)Restoration of sovereigntyAfter that, Okinawa continued to be under the control of the US military.In the same year, the U.S. military administration ended, and a new U.S.-led initiativeRyukyu governmentEstablished and embarked on full-scale Ryukyu rule and reconstruction.

    the 1950sAfter thatKorean War,Vietnam War, Okinawa became more important as a US military front supply base, and many U.S. military personnel were stationed there.B-52Etc.Strategic bomber,Defoliant,nuclear weapons such asWeapons of mass destructionMany were deployed, and it was feared by Vietnam as a “devil's island”[51].. While the economy relied heavily on bases, at the time the dollar appreciated against the yen.Fixed exchange rate systemPrices were cheap and lifestyles were stable, partly due to the influence of the, and the population doubled from about 50 immediately after the end of the war to about 27 million in just 100 years before returning to the mainland. However, the islanders were strongly opposed to the U.S. military's powerful and discriminatory administration, and large-scale anti-base movements calling for a return to the mainland were being carried out in various places (Island gurumi struggle).1971(Showa 46)Eisaku SatoWith the Prime MinisterRichard NixonWith the presidentOkinawa return agreementWas concluded and the next1972In 47, Okinawa returned to Japan, and Okinawa Prefecture was restored (Okinawa return[Note 15][Note 16].. Base problems that have continued since the US military eraUnexploded ordnanceProblem of,US-Japan Status AgreementHas become a major political issue in the prefecture ("Futenma base relocation problemSee).

    Chronological Table


    Of 2015CensusAs a result, the population of Okinawa prefecture increased by 2010 (4%) compared to the previous fiscal year 2.9,PrefecturesApartTokyo(2.7%), the highest population growth rate in Japan[60].. The population growth rate is the highest in Japan. By population, for the first time, the population over the age of 1 exceeded the population under the age of 65. Viewed by regionOkinawa main islandIncreased in the central and southern regions, with the northern part of the main island of OkinawaIshigakijimaIt is decreasing in most of the remote islands except.National Institute of Population and Social Security ResearchPredicts it will grow to 2025 by 143[61].. The rate of natural increase in 2010 is 5.0 per XNUMX population, the highest in Japan[62]However, the rate of increase in society varies with each year[63].. Also in 2010Total fertility rateIs 1.87[62]And since 1975, it has maintained the number one position in Japan[64].. According to the 2015 national census, the ratio of people aged 65 and over (19.6%) exceeded that of people under the age of 15 (17.4%) since the start of the survey.[65].Crude mortalityIs the lowest in Japan for both men and women,[66],Age-adjusted mortalityIs close to the national average[66], Especially adult men have the third or more age-adjusted mortality rates nationwide[67].. Living in OkinawaForeignerIt is,CitizenshipAs of 2010America(U.S. ArmyAnd its parties are not included. ) Is the most common,Chugoku- South KoreaThe number of foreigners registered is also increasing[68].. According to the 2015 census, the number of foreigners in the prefecture was 11,020, an increase of 2010 (3,369%) from 44.[65].

    The number of US military personnel, civilian employees, and their families not included in the demographics is 2013 as of 47,300.[Source required].

    The statistics of tourists entering Okinawa Prefecture in 2016 reached a record high of 8,613,100 per year, averaging about 23,500 per day.[Source required].

    In addition, I was transferred from outside the prefectureSDFOr nationalOfficeDue to the large number of seconded civil servants, the apparent population including these is 7 to 10 more than the statistics.[Source required].

    Okinawa Prefecture and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Okinawa Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
    Green-All over Japan

    Changes in the population of Okinawa prefecture
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


    Okinawa returnThe former governing mechanism in Okinawa was "Ryukyu government"and"Ryukyu Islands U.S. GovernmentSee.


    Governor of Okinawa
    NameTenureperiodBirth PlaceFinal Education
    1Yana Asanae
    - 1976(51)6/24
    2Nakagami-gunYomitan VillageHiroshima Higher Normal Schoolgraduate
    (CurrentHiroshima University
    2Yoshiyuki Taira
    I'm Koichi
    - 1978(53)11/23
    1Nakagami-gunNishihara TownOkinawa Normal Schoolgraduate
    3Saimei Junji
    - 1990(2)12/9
    3ShimajiriChinen Village
    (CurrentNanjo City
    Tokyo UniversityFaculty of Lawgraduate
    4Masahide Ohta
    Masahide Ota
    - 1998(10)12/9
    2ShimajiriGushigawa Village
    (CurrentKumejima Town
    米 国Syracuse UniversityGraduated
    5Keiichi Inamine
    Inamine Keiichi
    - 2006(18)12/9
    Keio UniversityFaculty of Economicsgraduate
    6Makoto Nakai
    Nakaima Hirokazu
    - 2014(26)12/9
    2OsakaOsakaTokyo UniversityFaculty of Engineeringgraduate
    7Oshi Nagashi
    Takeshi Nagana
    - 2018(30)8/8
    1Mawashi Village(Current: Naha City)Hosei UniversityFaculty of Lawgraduate
    8Tamaki Denny
    Tamaki Denny
    2018(30)10/4 -1Nakagami-gunYonagi Village(Current:Uruma CitySophia College of Social Welfaregraduate

    Organization/Government building


    • Number of members 48
    • Term of office June 2020, 2 (Reiwa 6 years) --June 25, 2024 (Reiwa 6 years)

    Okinawa prefectural assembly electionUnified local electionsThis is one of the few prefectural assembly elections that is not held inTokyo,Ibaraki,Iwate,Miyagi,Fukushima). This is the election after returning to Japan1972(47)6/25Because it was done in Tokyo, Ibaraki disbanded parliament, Iwate, Miyagi and FukushimaGreat East Japan EarthquakeIt is because of the postponement due to, and the situation is different.



    • Standard financial scale 3567 yen
    • Financial capability index 0.29 (prefecture average 0.47)
      • Fiscal strength index is classified into E group (0.3 municipalities) less than 11
    • Current account ratio 95.1% (prefecture average 94.6%)
      • It is an index that indicates that fiscal consolidation is progressing
    • Future burden ratio 81.3% (prefecture average 210.5%)
    • Real debt service ratio 12.2% (prefecture average 14.1%)
    • Number of employees per 100,000 population 1,412.52 (prefectural average 1,110.90)
    • Laspeyres index 107.0 (prefecture average 107.4)
    Local bond balance
    • Local account current amount of ordinary account 6829 million yen
    • Current amount of local bonds (corporate bonds) for special accounts other than the above: 1541 million yen

    Economic and industrial


    Okinawa is one of Japan's leading tourist prefecturesService industryIs well developed and is the center of the prefecture's economy.AlsoUS Army in JapanIt depends on the economy generated by the base (military employee income, military rent, shops and restaurants for US soldiers, etc.), and the degree of economic dependence has increased from 1972% in 15.5 to 1982% in 7.4. It has declined and has remained around 30% for the last 5 years.Inside the U.S. military base, there are offices, hospitals,Shopping centerThere are facilities such as about 9,000 prefecture residents working at the base facility,Okinawa Prefectural OfficeIt is the second largest employment destination. Depends on "sightseeing," "public works," and "base income," "3K economyAlso called[69].

    The industrial structure of Okinawa Prefecture is characterized by the fact that the weight of the secondary industry is low and the weight of the tertiary industry is high compared to the whole country.The ratios of the secondary industry and the tertiary industry to the gross prefectural product in 2 were 3% and 25%, respectively, and the difference is clear compared to 2% and 3% nationwide.In particular, the ratio of the manufacturing industry is 13.9% nationwide and 84.4% in Okinawa prefecture, which is an extremely large difference.In addition, the ratio of government service producers (economic activities such as public electricity, gas, water services and public affairs) is high at 24.4% in Okinawa Prefecture (73.9).As a factor of these, it is more valuable than the yen in Okinawa under the US occupation.WarbondThe manufacturing industry did not grow because foreign products were cheaply available due to the use of dollars and dollars, and after returning to the mainland, local companies often turned to subcontracting even though they focused on large-scale public works projects.employmentThere are few large-scale factories that can be expected,Non-regular employmentIt is one of the factors that many people have. The percentage of non-regular employees in 2017 was 43.1%, the highest in the country[69].

    2014(HeiseiThe prefecture's gross domestic product was 26 billion yen (4), and the economic growth rate increased by 1749% compared to the previous year.Nominal growth was 1.5% to 3.5 billion yen, the sixth consecutive year of positive growth.[70].. The prefectural income per capita in 26 was 212 yen (national average was 9000 yen).Unemployment rateIs the highest in Japan, but in 2016 the unemployment rate in Okinawa fell to the 23% level for the first time in 3 years.

    For products produced or supplied in Japan outside the prefecture, the time and cost will increase due to the transportation distance, and the transportation cost will be more expensive than outside the prefecture.Therefore, except for products produced in the prefecture, outside the prefectureRegionCompared to, the average retail price is not particularly low.For food and mobile phone services, Okinawa's own corporation (,Okinawa Cellular PhoneEtc.)Okiko,Orion beer,Blue sealIn some cases, Okinawan brands occupy a certain genre.


    Taking advantage of Japan's leading subtropical climate in agriculture,mango,Acerola,Pineapple,Dragon fruitTropical fruits such assugar cane,tobacco,GoyaAgricultural products such as (bitter melon) are produced.In addition, rice cultivation is popular on Iheya Island.

    In the fisheryTuna,squid,Yellowtail,Scorpionfish,Horse mackerel, Etc., etc.Prawns,Mozuku[71]Aquaculture is also popular[72].

    In the livestock industry, pig farming has been popular since ancient timesAguIs famous. AlsoGoat,cowIs also produced.

    After returning to the mainland, it is shifting to high value-added items.Mango andIshigaki beefWhile etc. have greatly increased the output, sugar cane and pineapple have greatly reduced the cultivation and harvesting area.[69].


    There are sugar manufacturing industry, food and beverage manufacturing industry, and kiln and earth and stone products manufacturing industry, mainly cement manufacturing, but all are small.

    On the main island of OkinawaMotobu PeninsulaThere are high-quality limestones that are mined as raw materials for cement and crushed stone and sand.Oki Daitojima,Kitadaito IslandThe phosphorus mine was once operated in Japan, but Kitadaito Island is depleted of good ore, and Okidaito Island remains designated as a US military shooting bombing site after the war.

    On the seabed off Okinawa's main islandHydrothermal depositHas spread,copper,zincBesides,gallium,Bismuthな どRare metalAs a result, the prospecting survey is becoming active as a next-generation marine resource.

    Natural gas and oil with estimated reserves of about 1000 billion barrels are sleeping on the bottom of the East China Sea,Mid-day lineAroundChugokuDispute over sovereignty (East China Sea gas field problem) Is occurring.

    Can use plant resources for fuelBio ethanolWas in the limelight, and sugarcane produced in the prefecture was attracting attention as a raw material, and a trial operation was also conducted, but eventually it was not profitable and withdrew.


    The main industries of the prefecture are tradition, history, nature, food culture and international colors.tourismAre listed. However, these tourism industries are easily affected by the economy. A resort hotel on the main island of OkinawaBeachA lot ofWaikiki BeachalikeArtificial beachAlthough it is a tourist resource, it is not the "nature of Okinawa". The total number of tourists in 2009 was 5,690,000 in Japan and overseas (Domestic: 5,443,800, Overseas: 246,200)[73]Is. The number of foreign tourists visiting in 2019 reached 1,951,150,Taiwan (40.00%), South Korea (22.99%),Chugoku (18.38%),Hong Kong (10.26%),米 国 (3.51%)[74].. Many tourists from the United States are related to US military bases.

    2000(12)Major countries summitSince then, we are promoting the formation of a venue for events such as international conferences and conventions. In addition, prefecture advocates sports island conceptEco tourismIs also becoming active.on the other hand2020After (2nd year of Reiwa)CoronaThen, the fragility of Okinawa's economy, which relies on tourism, was revealed. The number of tourists in 2020 dropped to 258 million, and the number of overseas tourists reached zero for the first time after returning.[69].


    1998Based on (Okinawa Prefecture Multimedia Island Concept) from (10),Submarine cableBecause of the large number of landings, the word IX (Internet Exchange) is used to call for IT Exchange.Call centerAnd IT companies are actively attracting incentives. On the other hand, the facility is excellent from inside and outsideBox administrationThere are many criticisms.

    the 2010sSince then, the development of smartphone applications has become popular.

    Tax incentives/special cases

    Many special cases for economic promotion[75]Is set.


    Within the prefecture, it is being deployed in Honshu, etc.CompanyThere are many local companies.

    Telecommunications carrier
    Telecommunications carrierThen on the mobile phone au As a regional company that provides the service ofOkinawa Cellular PhoneThere is. Since this company was established for the purpose of promoting the economy of Okinawa, it owns a majority stake in the company. KDDI Not only for local companiesOkinawa Electric PowerBesides, the business community and leading companies in the prefecture have also invested. There are also services that are unique to Okinawa Prefecture, so in other prefecturesmarket shareIs in the leadNTT DoCoMoIs suppressed (2005(17) Current market share is 49%). The company was excluded from the list due to political considerations.KDDI) Is the target.
    In addition, AstelGroup ofPHSFormerly the Okinawa Electric Power Group that provided the serviceAstel OkinawaTake over,2005(17)1/25Started business inWILLCOM Okinawa(HonshuTo provide PHS servicesWILLCOMEstablished as a subsidiary of (formerly DDI Pocket). LaterSoftbankBecame a subsidiary ofY! Mobile(Developing the brand). (In April 2022, it was absorbed and merged with Softbank and dissolved, and the business was taken over by Softbank.)
    Alcoholic beverages
    beerHas a large market share in the prefecture as a manufacturerOrion beerExists. The company has a high share of the prefecture's market with liquor tax exemption measures in the prefecture, but the market share in Japan as a whole is around 1%.Antitrust lawIt is said that it does not conflict with.
    News (Chinese)
    Newspapers are printed locally due to transportation conditions.Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Within the prefectureLocal newspaperPrinting and publishing in partnership withSports Nippon-Nikkan SportsIt is a local newspaper because it is impossible to deliver it in the morning of the day (except the morning newspaper is delivered outside the prefecture during the evening delivery time).Okinawa TimesandRyukyu ShimpoAccount for most of the subscription rate. In addition, two newspapers are issued to Ishigakijima and Miyakojima, each of which sells mainly on the island or in neighboring remote islands.
    A financial institution has a head office in the prefectureLocal bankBesides 3 linesKoza Shinkin Bank,post office(Japan Post Bank) AndJA Bank(JA Okinawa) And many other stores.Local banks outside the prefectureKagoshima BankOkinawa branch of2015It is installed in and operates two stores in Naha City.
    City bankabout,Mizuho BankNaha branch exists,Mitsubishi UFJ BankHas a Naha branch office that only conducts corporate sales.Sumitomo Mitsui Banking CorporationWas reported to be considering expanding into Okinawa in 2015,[77], Not materialized.
    PrefecturalDesignated financial institutionIt is,Okinawa BankRyukyu BankRotation system with two lines.

    Major companies headquartered in Okinawa

    Major companies with bases in Okinawa

    • Nippon Iron Works (Itoman City)

    Life and transportation




    Due to the fact that it is an island prefecture, air routes are mainly used for movement outside the prefecture and between remote islands within the prefecture.In particular, for the Miyako Islands and Yaeyama Islands, regular passenger routes to and from outside the region have been suspended or abolished, and in principleAir routeIt is mandatory to move in.In the prefecture, the airports in the table belowIzen famous off-airfieldBesides,US Army in Japan baseTo use asKadena Air Base,Futenma Air Baseand so on.

    2017 passenger numbers[78]
    空港Total passengersDomestic flightsInternational flights
    Number of passengersregular serviceNumber of passengersregular service
    Naha21,161,68317,524,761Outside the prefectureNew Chitose-Sendai-Ibaraki-Haneda-Narita・(Niigata)・(I.e.-Shizuoka-Central part-Itami-Kansai-Kobe-Okayama-Hiroshima-Iwakuni-Takamatsu-Matsuyama-Kochi-Kitakyushu-Fukuoka-Kumamoto-Nagasaki-Miyazaki-Kagoshima-Amami-Tokunoshima-Okinoerabu-Debate3,636,922Seoul-Busan-Daegu-Beijing-Shanghai-Tianjin-Hangzhou-Nanjing-Hong Kong-Taipei-Taichung-Kaohsiung-Bangkok-Singapore
    Within the prefectureKitadaito-Minamidaito-Kumejima-Miyako-Ishigaki-Yonaguni
    Ishigaki2,497,1712,411,480Outside the prefectureHaneda-Narita-Kansai-Central part·Fukuoka85,691Taipei
    Within the prefectureNaha/Miyako/Yonaguni
    Miyako1,700,5901,699,901Outside the prefectureHaneda-Kansai-Central part·(Fukuoka)689-
    Within the prefectureNaha/Ishigaki/Tarama
    Kumejima258,640258,640Outside the prefecture(Haneda0-
    Within the prefectureNaha
    Yonaguni105,302105,302Within the prefectureNaha/Ishigaki0-
    Minamidaito48,41848,418Within the prefectureNaha/Kitadaito0-
    Tarama45,18645,186Within the prefectureMiyako0-
    Kitadaito19,30319,303Within the prefectureNaha/Minamidaito0-
    Aguni3,7943,794Within the prefectureNaha0-
    Ie Island00--0-
    • The destination is2019XNUM X Month X NUM X Date
    • Charter flightsIncluding the number of passengers
    • Brackets indicate routes that are not operated throughout the year (seasonally operated or have suspension periods)
    • Three major metropolitan areasThe air route toTaiziNotation

    Railway line

    In the Taisho era, on the main island of OkinawaOkinawa prefectural railway,Okinawa Electric(Tram),Okinawa orbit,Itoman carriage orbitHowever, the Okinawa Tramway and Itoman Horse Car Line were abolished in the 1930s before the Pacific War due to the rise of buses, and the remaining Okinawa Prefectural Railways and Okinawa Tramway were also opened.Battle of OkinawaDestroyed and disappeared. After the war, there was no railroad line for a long time, but in 2003 (15)Okinawa city monorail line(Yui Rail) Naha Airport-Shuri-ma has opened.Yui Rail will be available from Shuri in October 2019Urasoe City OfTedako UraniIt has been extended to Naha Airport-Tedako-Uranishi 17.0km route.

    As of 2013, construction of a railway between Naha and Nago, which was revealed in 2006 (Heisei 18)Okinawa iron orbitThe concept is in the stage of investigating and examining the main body and method of construction and operation, except that the government bears part (or all) of the construction cost.[79]. AlsoMinamidaito VillageIn order to increase the number of tourists, plans to revive the "sugar train", a railway that had been operating on the island to transport sugar cane until 1983.[80].

    The only one in all prefectures,JRThe lines of each company have not been laid.This is also in historyKarafutoincludingInlandThe only state-owned transportation system in 48 prefectures has never existed,Railway parcelaboutRyukyu ShippingIt was handled by contact transportation with[81].. In addition, once in Naha cityKyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu)Okinawa branchWas set up, but since the store closed on March 2017, 3, JR's sales offices no longer exist at all.

    other than this,Railway Business LawComply withcablewayAs a lift was installed in Shigira Resort on Miyako Island on April 2016, 4[82][83].

    Okinawa Prefecture has no prefectures that are connected by land, and there are no undersea tunnels or bridges that connect to other prefectures, so Okinawa Prefecture is the only 47 prefectures in Japan that has no railway line that connects to other prefectures.


    On the main island of Okinawa, in Naha City and Urasoe CityOkinawa city monorailSince there is no railroad other than (Yui Rail), a bus route network has been developed throughout the island as a transportation system connecting cities and cities.[84].. In addition, Ishigaki Island and Miyako Island also have a bus route network as a means of transportation on the island.

    In addition, there are many islands that operate small-scale local buses as a means of transportation that connects island ports, airports, central villages and tourist destinations.

    Also, as mentioned above, Okinawa Prefecture is the only one in Japan.JNR busAnd of the posteriorJR busThe regular passenger business route is a prefecture that has never existed in history.

    General boarding/general charter work
    General charter business
    • Okinawa main island
      • Chubu sightseeing bus
      • Daito Transportation
      • World trance
      • Heianza comprehensive development
      • Okinomiya sightseeing bus
      • Connection
      • Succession planning
      • Churashima
      • Kuniwa first hire
      • Shoyo
      • Okinawa south tourism
      • Highway Okinawa
      • Solar traffic
      • Curry Attractions
      • Location first
      • And indie
      • Fuji Sakura Tourism
      • Island Limousines
      • Tawada Location Service
      • Daito
      • Okinawa Tourist


    • After returning to the mainland,1978(53)7/29Until then, the vehicle was driving on the right.730 (transportation)See also
    • Okinawa main island, especiallyNaha metropolitan areaThen.Traffic jamThe amount of traffic congestion loss per 1km in the prefectureThree major metropolitan areasNext to prefectures of[85].
    • Due to the characteristics of the prefecture compared to other prefectures, the "wa" and "re" numbers that indicate rental cars, and the "Y" and "A" numbers that indicate that they are used by U.S. military personnel are extremely Many.
    • The prefecture owns about one million cars.
    General national road
    Prefectural road


    Ships are widely used to move between adjacent islands without using an aircraft.

    Important port

    Medical and welfare

    Disaster base hospital
    Licensed Nursery School


    Targeting 2007th grade elementary school and 6rd grade junior high school students who started in 3National Achievement/Study Status SurveyThen, in 2011, Okinawa Prefecture is the lowest of all subjects.[86] However, in the 2014 survey, Okinawa Prefecture was ranked second in the total number of students in the sixth grade of elementary school.





    Junior college


    Correspondence University


    College of technology


    Special school
    Vocational school
    high school
    Junior high school
    primary school
    Foreign school
    Other educational institutions
    Agricultural college
    Vocational Development College

    Mass media

    News (Chinese)

    Top 2Prefectural paperThe total market share ofNational newspaper(General paper) has a very low share compared to other prefectures due to the following circumstances[87]. Also,Sakishima IslandsThen ownRegional paperHas been issued.

    Prefectural paper
    Regional paper of Sakishima Islands
    Local paper and others

    West Japan NewspaperAlso issued a newspaper as a de facto "business" for government offices and libraries in Okinawa Prefecture, as well as for offices of companies and corporations headquartered in Kyushu (Okinawa branch etc.),2009Issuance was stopped in (21). The newspaper1967(Showa 42)-1977(Showa 52)2000(12)-The Naha branch was established in 2009 (21).

    National newspaper

    Yomiuri Shimbun,Mainichi Newspapers,Asahi Shimbun,Nihon Keizai Shimbun,Sankei ShimbunEach company has a bureau/branch office in the prefecture.2008(20)11/1Nikkei started local printing by consignment to Ryukyu Shinposha,National newspaperOnly the morning and evening editions (only the morning editions have been published since January 2018, and the evening editions have been abolished) are delivered at the same time as the local newspapers.In addition, Yomiuri, Mainichi, Asahi, Tokyo Headquarters version and Western Headquarters version, SankeiWorld daily report[Note 18]There are stores that handle the Tokyo head office version.Since all of these general papers are shipped by air from the place of issue, delivery will be delayed in the afternoon of the day (simultaneous delivery with the evening edition of the previous day).Also in the Maejima IslandsDaito IslandsRegarding, as for not only nationwide newspapers but also two local prefecture newspapers are printed and delivered by air or sea, the delivery of morning newspapers will be delayed compared to the main island.

    Sports paper

    sports newspaperIt is,Nikkan SportsSports Nippon(Shinpo Sponichi) Does local printing in the prefecture, but both papersHonshuUnlike newspapers published in, etc., it is published in 10 to 12 pages (in Okinawa PrefecturePublic competitionSince there is no facility for public competition, it is not posted.A TV scheduleAlso not posted). At some convenience stores in Naha Airport and in Naha City, the Tokyo headquarters version of each paper is air-shipped and sold on the day of issue, but the price is 50 yen, which is 180 yen higher than the list price.


    NHK and Okinawa TV share the master station transmission station of digital TV in Takayasu, Tomigusuku City, and RBC and QAB share it in Kakazu, Tomigusuku City, which is about 1 km away. The NHK-FM master station and the RBC FM complementary broadcasting main relay station are installed at the digital television transmission stations that are also operated by each.FM Okinawa, a single station, is alone in Shinkawa, Haebaru-cho, and the main relay station for FM supplementary broadcasting on Radio Okinawa is close to it.Okinawa TOWERIt is installed in.

    Special notes on TV broadcasting
    Special notes on Sakishima Islands and Daito Islands
    Daito IslandsSince I could not receive the TV broadcast in the prefecture for a long time, in analog broadcastKanto wide areaOf the TV stations that are targeted for broadcastingNippon TV-Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.Broadcast of each station exceptOgasawara IslandsWas relayed using a satellite line that was transmitted toNHK satellite 1st-NHK satellite 2stTV also broadcast on the ground). In addition, about the topic in the prefecture, the caption information using the telephone line was inserted as needed. afterwards,2011(23) It became possible to send TV broadcast waves from the Okinawa main island by the signal sent by the submarine optical cable whose construction work was started from the beginning, and the NHK Okinawa Broadcasting Station and commercial broadcasting stations in July of the same year With the opening of the digital relay station, RBC became available for viewing 7 years after the start of TV broadcasting on the main island, OTV for 51 years after the opening of the main island, and QAB for 52 years after the opening of the main island.Daito Islands #TV BroadcastSee).
    Sakishima IslandsRegarding the above, as for the beginning of the television broadcasting, the relay stations of the starting 3 companies and 4 stations (each of NHK and 2 commercial channels) were not installed, and the radio waves from the Naha main station were directly received, or via the cable TV relay line. Reception was also technically impossible, so199312I couldn't receive any ground wave in Japan until the relay station was opened. for that reason,Miyako TV,Ishigaki Cable TVIndependent broadcasting of, so-called stations in China and the three major metropolitan areasKey stationFromProgram salesThe state that the program which purchased independently was netted continued.
    In addition, Ryukyu Asahi Broadcasting (QAB)1995Since the relay station in the Sakishima Islands was not maintained even after the station opened in Miyako, Ishigaki continued to be broadcast by cable TV.TV AsahiI was broadcasting the program of staggered,2009(21) On October 10, a QAB relay station was set up as a new digital station, and it was finally available 21 years after the opening of the main island. Along with this, even on cable TV in Miyako and Ishigaki, as an alternative to not installing a relay station,Digi-ana conversion[Note 19]Was doing a complementary rebroadcast by.
    Blank for network affiliates
    There are no broadcasting stations of both NTV and TV Tokyo affiliates in the prefecture (along with Saga prefecture, NTV affiliates including cross-net stations are also outside the broadcasting target area), Some of the programs produced by each of these affiliated stations belong to other affiliated stations in the prefecture and are broadcast in the local frame. On OTV, the annual summer broadcast "24-hour TV], [High school quiz"andNew Year's Holidayof"National High School Soccer ChampionshipIn addition to participating in the broadcast of "(Okinawa Prefectural Games and Matches of Okinawa National Teams at National Games), Nippon Television has acquired broadcasting rights.FIFA World Cup OfRepresentation from JapanBattleSummer olympic OfWomen's marathonResponsible for the online competition broadcast in Okinawa Prefecture. (If the broadcast time falls during the time zone of a national broadcast program of the Fuji TV series, the program will be temporarily returned to the Internet or will be broadcast at a later date.)
    On NTV, for the purpose of news coverage in the prefecture where there is no affiliated stationNippon Television Naha BranchHas been installed. Regarding affiliated stations of the same station in the 1990sSouthwest broadcastWas scheduled to open, but it did not happen.
    Events due to isolation from other prefectures
    All of the prefectureCable tv stationThen, there are problems such as topography and technology in both analog and digital,Redelivery outside the prefectureWas not done at all, but from September 2019, 9Okinawa Cable NetworkIn the independent TV program "TV Mirai"Kagoshima Yomiuri TVStarted the internet of some programs of (Nippon TV series). From October 2020, 10, "NTV Live Delivery" (currentlyNTV real-time delivery), But it will be possible to watch programs of the NTV series for a limited time.[89]. AlsoRyukyu Shimpo-Okinawa Times OfA TV scheduleAlso, the out-of-prefecture broadcasting including Kagoshima prefecture is not posted at all, including the radio.[Note 20].
    About AM radio stations
    • Okinawa main islandNorth,Sakishima IslandsAnd in the Daito Islands, since it is easy to receive interference from neighboring countries mainly at night-early morning,Using FM radio wavesRelay broadcasting is being conducted.
    • FM Okinawa1984AM radio station until converted toFar East BroadcastingWas being broadcast as.
    • After returning to Okinawa, English broadcasting by private broadcasting continued for a while, and broadcasting by Ryukyu broadcasting (KSBKMore→ JORO) when returning1973Until, Far East Broadcasting Company (American corporation. Japanese broadcasting was handed over to Far East Broadcasting in December 1972)1977Was continued until.
    About FM radio stations
    • FM Okinawa cannot be directly received because there are no relay stations in the south of Tarama Island and the Daito Islands of Sakishima Islands.[Note 21].. NHK-FM cannot be received directly because there is currently no relay station in the Daito Islands.[Note 22].
    • またCommunity FM stationIs located in all cities in the prefecture, and as of August 2020, a total of 8 stations will broadcast.[Note 23].
    Rebroadcast on internet radio
    • radikoThen, RBC i Radio, Radio Okinawa, and FM Okinawa are distributed for free distribution within Okinawa Prefecture and for services with a paid membership "radiko.jp Premium (Area Free Listening)" in other prefectures.
    • NHK Net Radio Rajiru RajiruThen, you can select the prefectural broadcasts of Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Sendai, Hiroshima, and Matsuyama to listen to Radio 1 and 2, but you cannot select the prefectural local broadcasts of Okinawa. It cannot be listened to with this app (although it has been provided by radiko since 2018, only the Fukuoka station for Radio 1 and the Tokyo headquarters station can listen to FM. Time-free listening is not possible = Missing delivery service for each program is excluded except for some You can listen to it at Rajiru Rajiru).
    About callsign

    The United States of AmericaUnder the administration of KSxx I used to return to the mainland (1972(Showa 47)) After that JOxx Is used.

    Cable TV


    Ryukyu KingdomBefore it was establishedJapanNativeUnder the influence ofMainland China,East AsiaAccepts and mixes cultures ofcultureHas built up[90]. AlsoPacific WarlaterOkinawa returnFor a long timeRuled by the US ArmyBecause it had beenThe United States of AmericaThe culture of is also widespread.


    animismIs based on the mainland of JapanShintoOriginal form of (Old Shinto) Is said to be close.Ryukyu ShintoAlso known as, outside the prefectureShrineAs something that hitsChopsticksThere is. Also,Ancestor worshipThe wind also remains strong.

    BuddhismIs believed only by the royal family and some upper classes, and has hardly permeated ordinary farmers,funeralIt was only used as part of the rituals of. Even now, the number of Buddhist believers (danke) is extremely small compared to outside the prefecture. In recent years, funerals have come to be held in Buddhist ceremonies, but they are often held by non-denominational monks, rather than by denominational monks like outside the prefecture. Also, apart from the monkUtahThere are also cases of calling.

    GraveWas influenced by China from rocky tombs using natural dens and graves dug into cliffs.Tortoiseshell graveHas changed toGable tombIs common. Also, how to process the remainsCremation,Bone washingThere was a unique custom of doing exercises, but in recent years, as a result of the guidance of public health centers and the women's movement,CremationCame to be implemented.

    After the war, due to the influence of the US militaryキ リ ス ト 教Faith is also prosperous. Many of themProtestantBelong to a faction. About 210 places in the prefectureChristian churchExists and has the highest proportion of Christian population in the country.[Source required]


    The words used in Okinawa Prefecture can be roughly divided into the following three categories.Among the citizens of the prefectureBaby boom generationIn the generation born later, the common language became remarkable,HeiseiAfter that (especially2000In the generation born after that), not only the Ryukyuan language but also the Okinawan Japanese language (Uchina Yamatoguchi) has declined significantly, but no special protection policy has been taken.

    • Ryukyu -From the standpoint of the Japanese government, although it is often treated as the Ryukyu dialect, which is the Japanese dialect,UNESCOIs different from Japanese among international organizations such asJaponicIs said to be an independent language belonging to. Although it is a traditional Okinawan language, its daily use is mostly limited to the elderly. From Meiji to the middle of Showa periodDialectIn addition to the promotion of a powerful movement to spread the standard language using, through the movement to return to the mainland and the post-war mass media and the development of school education,RyukyuWhile neglectingStandard languageThe Ryukyuan language is very rarely used because of the overwhelming increase in opportunities to come into contact with.Especially in the generation born after Heisei, most of them have declined to the extent that it is difficult to understand.RoughlyNational acronym(Kunigami dialect),Okinawan(Okinawa dialect),Miyako(Miyako dialect),Yaeyama(Yaeyama dialect),YonaguniIt is classified into (Yonaguni dialect).There are so many differences between these languages ​​(dialects) that they may be considered different languages, all of which are by UNESCO.Endangered languageIt has been.
    • Uchina Yamatoguchi ――It is a word that most Okinawans use on a daily basis, and it is a mixture of Ryukyuan and English elements based on the common language of Japanese.New dialectIs said to be.Also known as the Okinawan Japanese.However, even in the case of Okinawan Japanese, the tendency of decline is remarkable as the age decreases even in the generation born after Heisei (especially after 2000).accentIn terms of vocabularycommon language,Metropolitan dialectIn many cases, there is almost no difference.
    • Japanese common language ――It is used in mass media, school education and public institutions.Ryukyu, Okinawan, and common languages ​​are used by the elderly born by the early Showa period (generally until the 1930s).Trilingual, A common language with Okinawa Ben in the generation born from the postwar period to the end of the Showa period (generally from the 1940s to the 1980s)bilingualMost of them can be used properly.On the other hand, in the generation born after Heisei (generally after the 1990s), there is a strong tendency to speak a language that is almost the same as the common language (or the metropolitan dialect), and it is close to monolingual with almost only the common language.Also, the tendency is getting stronger year by year as the age goes down.[91]. in this way,Northern Japan,East JapanSimilar to the various regions in Japan, it is considered to be a region where common language (metropolitan dialectization) is progressing, and there is concern.
    • English - Okinawa under American ruleSo English is virtually[Note 24]SecondOfficial terminologyMet.Elderly people who are still educated in English, even those born after returning to work, who are doing business with U.S. military base employees, U.S. military and soldiers, and those who are married to Americans, who understand English many.In addition, the influence of English on the above-mentioned Okinawan Japanese is not a little.


    Racially, it is said that mainland residents north of Kyushu migrated to Okinawa from prehistoric times to the 10th century.Molecular biologyIt is confirmed that the genetic composition of Okinawans is close to the genetic composition of the Japanese archipelago race (Yamato), unlike the main population in the continental East Asia, and has the same ancestors.[93][94]..Humans were able to adapt to the land of Okinawa from the latter half of the middle to the latter half of the Jomon period.archeologyIt is said that the ancestors of Okinawans, excluding the people of the Daito Islands, settled south from southern Kyushu to the land of Okinawa during a relatively new period (around the 10th to 12th centuries).[95][96].

    People with ancestors in the land of Okinawa are ``from the geographical, historical and cultural background.Ryukyu peopleThere is a position to say that.The Japanese government has called the Ryukyu people "Indigenous peopleAlthough it has not been certified, in August 2014United Nations Committee on the Elimination of RacismIs in conflict with the fact that it is an "indigenous people" with the reason that "the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization recognizes the unique ethnicity, history, culture and traditions of Ryukyu and Okinawa."[97]..There is growing opposition from the Japanese government and LDP lawmakers that it is an "ethnic division work".[98].


    Many of Okinawa's surnames are derived from place names. In the Ryukyu Kingdom era, royal families and samurai are equivalent to their current surnames.family nameName yourself,territoryIt changed every time was changed.Satsuma DomainOf the Satsuma domain after the invasion bypolicyRyukyu Royal Government OfMeasureAs a result, many families have changed their family names from Japanese-style surnames to so-called Okinawan-style surnames. After disposing of Ryukyu, it is also possible for ordinary people to give their surnames, and after the Meiji era, many of the surnames in Ryukyu Yomi were changed to Japanese Yomi.


    Traditional building techniques in Okinawa developed mainly in the late Ryukyu period (early modern times). Many buildings are constructed in the surrounding area (mainly in terms of construction style, materials, technology, etc.).Japanese architecture・There are many similarities with the Chinese architecture, but the unique development of Okinawa can be seen because of the different resource status and climate.

    During the dynasty, the tiled wooden structure of the Ryukyu tribe, Nukija, and the common people are mainly called anaya.HutHad a residence in. Besides the residence,Castle wall,BridgeFor stone buildings such asRyukyu limestoneMany buildings were used, but many buildings were lost due to the Battle of Okinawa. Not only many wooden houses but also forests disappeared due to the war, a lot of craftsmen and materials were lost, and the American military led the reconstruction.Two by fourMany structural buildings were built.

    Currently strong against typhoons and termitesReinforced concrete structureIn the water tank (without a big riverWater shortageHouses that have installed) are becoming more common[99][100].

    Built outside the base for residence of U.S. military personnel and their familiesForeign houseThe number of households continued to increase even after returning to work, contrary to the reduction of bases outside the prefecture.Demand for housing to accommodate an increasing number of U.S. military personnel has increased, and private investment has led to large-scale land reclamation and residential construction for Americans.Even now, there are "foreigner residential areas" in Ginowan City, Kitanakagusuku Village, Okinawa City, Uruma City, Chatan Town, etc., forming a unique cityscape.

    Traditional crafts

    Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry

    Entertainment etc.

    Acer TheJodo sect OfNembutsuIs a traditional performing art that was formed based onCreative acerIs also developing.

    In the era of American rule,Koza City(CurrentOkinawa City) Then,Korean War,Vietnam WarMany hard rock musicians played an active part in the popularization of clubs and live houses for the US soldiers who had lost their lives. The end of the war,U.S. dollarDecline in relative value of,A signAlthough it declined due to changes in the environment such as the closure of the bar, many musicians are still active throughout the country.

    Celebrities from Okinawa Prefecture are also active today,Okinawa Actors SchoolHas produced many singers, idols, and talents, led by the graduates of.


    It is a traditional costumeRyusoBesides, in recent yearsAloha shirtSimilar toKariyushi wearCan also be seen.

    After the war, residents living in the camp were provided with clothing released by the US military.Even after the camp was dismantled, U.S. military-released clothing was used for durability and convenience, and continues to this day.[Source required]It is on sale.

    Martial arts

    Okinawa's unique martial arts that existed beforeHandWas introduced during the Ryukyu Kingdom eraChinese martial artsWas born by fusingKarate(Starting from today), and laterkarateDeveloped into[101].. After the war, he went to overseas from Japan and American soldiers who learned karate.KarateHas gradually spread to the world.

    Broad senseRyukyu martial artsConsists of manual karatetsu (karate) and weaponry. Generally, old martial arts refers to the latter, but karate and weaponry are closely related to each other.[102][103].Stickman,TonfaThere are various techniques, but especiallyNunchakuWeapon technique using is famous in the world.


    Compete for beauty, not speedAncient horse racing.. The Ryukyu Horse Racing (Nmaharashi) has been held for about 300-500 years, and since the Meiji era it has become an event for all citizens of the prefecture until the Pacific War.Ryukyu Horse RacingWas actively performed. From 2013 as a revival business of Ryukyu horse racingOkinawa Children's CountryWill be held in.


    In mainland Japan7st centuryOr later,Rice cultivationWhile sacred toCarnivore TheFilthWas considered and was ostensibly contraindicated.However, Okinawa did not have this idea, and meat dishes developed from early on.Especially because of the influence of China豚 肉Cooking is traditionally developed.,(I.e.,boar,(I.e.Chii Richa, which cooks goat meat and blood, is unique to Okinawa.Ryukyu cuisine is far from the tradition of a maritime trading nationHokkaidoProductionKelpHas been used for a long time[104].

    Once one of the leading in JapanlongevityHealthy traditional because it was an areaFood culture:It is thought that there may be.On the other hand, it developed during the U.S. military ruleFast food,American foodHas taken root, and the westernization of food is progressing.

    Also, the food culture of the American occupation is inherited today.[105].

    Discrimination, oppression

    Discrimination by Ryukyu people

    Nimbucha (Nembutsu, Chongdara) under the jurisdiction of the Chuzan royal government (Ryukyu kingdom royal government) during the Ryukyu Kingdom era:Kyotaro) Other thanDiscriminatory peopleThere was no[106]Because of YamatoBuraku discriminationAlthough there is no such thing, it was an identity system society in which the disparity between royalty and samurai and the common people (serfs) was enormous.Also outside the cityShima societyThe old practice of still remains strong,Male and femaleAnd there is a tendency to exclude outsiders. What is "Sima"?islands"In addition to the"VillageIt also means "division".Mainland JapanVillage societyThere is a composition similar to.

    Discrimination by Yamato

    In mainland Japan, Okinawans were often treated discriminatoryly as being foreign. In 1903, at an exhibition, a prostitute from OkinawaAinu,Native TaiwaneseAlong with that, there was an incident that "exhibited" as a different ethnic group, causing repulsion of Okinawans (for details,Human Hall IncidentSee). When the number of migrants from Okinawa to the outside of the prefecture increased from the Taisho era to the early Showa period, there were many people unfamiliar with the language and customs outside the prefecture, such as the standard language and the sense of time. There was a proviso that "No Ryukyu people".

    Opposition by the U.S. forces in Okinawa

    During the post-war American era, the US military seized the land with bayonets and bulldozers, and a series of robbery, rape, and murder cases by US soldiers spurred anti-American sentiment among Okinawans. EspeciallyPaul W. CallawayHigh Commissioner for the Ryukyu IslandsSuppressed Okinawans with a very powerful attitude in those days (Caraway whirlwind).1970In December, triggered by a traffic accident by U.S. military personnelKoza riotHas evolved to.

    Discrimination against people from Amami

    Geographically and culturally closeAmami archipelagoWas invaded by the Ryukyu Kingdom from the 15th century to the beginning of the 17th century, but the Ryukyu Kingdom was the Satsuma Domain.Indirect controlReceivedBakuhan systemEven after entering below and being annexed from the Meiji Restoration through the Ryukyu disposition, it was still a region where human exchange with Okinawa was active.But,Pacific WarWhen the Amami Islands returned to their homeland first under the administration of the U.S. Occupation Army, basic human rights such as expulsion of Amami natives who returned to "Japanese nationality", deprivation of suffrage, and restrictions on property rights were severely restricted. Measures to be taken were introduced one after another by the petition of the residents of the main island of Okinawa.In addition, discriminatory sentiment spread to the private sector.The Okinawan media also reported on these issues.

    Suppression of the Sakishima Islands

    The Nakayama kingdom (Ryukyu kingdom) is harsh against the Sakishima islands that were in the Ryukyu Kingdom eraHead taxWas introduced and forced into oppression. In addition to the Satsuma domain and the royal palace, the history of double exploitation, forced enforcement, oppression and persecution of farmers by the local rulers of the Sakishima Islands continued until the extinction of the Ryukyu Kingdom, and even after the Meiji Restoration after Ryukyu disposal.Old common policy-Based forced exploitation by local rulers continued through the 20th century[107].. Due to the oppression by the authorities of Satsuma and the royal government, forced migration of farmers by the royal government and ruling groups, poor crops due to droughts and storms, andBig tsunamiNatural disasters such as these, epidemics and outbreaks of famine caused a great decline in the population.Yaeyama earthquake"reference).

    The head tax of the Sakishima Islands1637It is said that it was institutionalized, and was taxed even in the year when the tax was heavy and the harvest was small, which caused the islanders to suffer. The head tax was taken to reinforce the vested interests of the former Ryukyu Kingdom even after the Ryukyu disposal.Old habitationSurvived by the plan.1893(Meiji26 years)Nakamura Jusaku,Joan Masayasu, Maira Hirara and Gama NishizatoOkinawa main islandAt the time, the petition of the Diet was overcome by overcoming the obstacles of government officials and samuraiInterior MinisterMetJun InoueWas delivered to. Nakamura's hometown (Niigata)ofYomiuri ShimbunA reporterYoshikazu MasudaArticle was made known to the public and was supported by public opinion. 8thImperial Assembly[108]In1903(Meiji 36) Abolished, JapanNativeSimilar toland taxWas switched to[109].

    Discrimination against mixed-race children

    Children born between Americans and Asians, especially American soldiers who came to the Asian region and local womenAmerasianCalled. Many American military personnel and military members still live in Okinawa today, and many Amerasians continue to be born, but discrimination is deep-rooted. What you see on US military bases and on TV is often all about American culture that Amerasians raised in Okinawa know.[110].. Nonetheless, I can not be put in a public pool that is decided to be American by appearance and is picked up from a store[111]Have been discriminated against.EspeciallyAfrican AmericanThis tendency is strong for mixed-race children.Before and after Memorial Day at public schoolsAnti-AmericanAs learning progresses,Yankee・Go home"BullyingTake a bath[112].. Moreover, not only Amerasian, but also her mother is being discriminated against and prejudiced.[113].. Also, the new school building site of Okinawa Christian School International, where many Amerasians were gathered,Industrial wasteWhen the students suffered from nausea and skin irritation due to the dumping traces, Okinawa PrefectureDioxin,PCBI issued a "safety declaration" without conducting an inspection, and eventually about 80 people dropped out of school.[114][115].

    Discrimination against leprosy

    Okinawa PrefectureLeprosyIt is a region where a lot of cases have occurred, and from the end of the 20th century, 6% to 7% of new cases of Japanese are from Okinawa prefecture.[116][117]However, discrimination and persecution against leprosy in the Okinawan society were severe.[118].StripedIn Hansen's disease (called "Kuncher".beggarIs a Ryukyu dialect that meansGamaThere was a culture that quarantined cliffs, rubbish dumps, etc., and prohibited them from returning to Shima.[119].. If you die, do not put it in the clan's tomb, bury it upside down, and never be born againcurseApplied[120].. In the 50'sCrematoriumSince the number of funerals has increased, funerals outside the prefecture have spread to Okinawa.[121]However, a curse that puts roasted beans on the remains (under the meaning of "This should come back to life if it sprouts, but never sprout because it is roasted") is still underneath.[122].

    Okinawans strongly resisted the movement to create a modern medical leprosy field.[123].National Hansen's Disease SanatoriumA riot (Arashiyama incident) happened to prevent the installation, and a sanatorium was installed.Keiya AokiIn some cases, leprosy patients are being burnt. Aoki et al. finally reached the opening of the Okinawa Prefectural Kunigami Airakuen (currentlyNational sanatorium Okinawa Airakuen) Had less interaction with the community than other sanatoriums.

    The misunderstanding about infectiousness is persistent,Ryukyu ShimpoArgued for the false idea that the faculty during treatment was spreading to children (later pointed out by other reporters as "the biggest spot on postwar Okinawa journalism").Leprosy prevention methodAbolition (1996), a public opinion poll before 87) found that XNUMX% of the population agreed to isolate all leprosy patients.[124].

    Discrimination against people with mental illness

    A pre-return survey found that Okinawa had twice the prevalence of mental illness as outside the prefecture.[125]In recent years, mental illness, sexual violence, family violence, school violence, suicide, etc. are top-level nationally.[126].

    What is characteristic of Okinawa is the view of disability based on indigenous beliefs and old practices that are not consistent with Western medicine. Family with mental illnessZashiki prisonLock inPrivate houseWas banned outside the prefecture in 1950, but in Okinawa, people with disabilities remained in prison even after returning, and their families were alienated from the local community and abandoned.[127][128].. Mental disorders are evil spirits (Madimun), and call for denial of this as superstitionPsychiatristWhile there isUtahChristianity is indigenous to the influence of faithOkinawa Christian GospelCriticized the claim itself as being said by evil spirits,schizophrenia,EpilepsyToEvil spirit payerIt is carried out[129][130].. There is a saying, "half a doctor, half a Utah," and there are cases where psychiatrists recommend Utah to patients with mental illness.[131].

    On the other hand, there are many people who recognize that people with mental illness are useful to society from the perspective that Utah is close to people with mental illness.[132].. Of those who have suffered from mental disorders, those who have come into contact with or possess possession with gods and ancestors are called Kamidari, and can exist as "positive madness" that is accepted by society.[133].

    Discrimination against SDF

    Occupational discriminationAs,SDFThere is discrimination against.Return to mainlandAlong withSDFWas deployed to Okinawa, the SDF officers were called murderers,Self-defense personnelChildren were unable to attend school for more than half a year. In addition, after being shut down by various events, he was not allowed to claim himself as a Self-Defense Force even if he was allowed to participate. In some cases, local governments refused to register residents of SDF and their families, and refused to dispose of garbage.Naha HarleyIt was in 2001 that I was allowed to join the SDF in[134].

    September 2017, 3Miyakojima City CouncilKaoru Ishimine isFacebook"(US) Marine CorpsTrained fromJapan Ground Self-Defense Force MiyakojimaWhen you come toU.S. ArmyWill never comeWoman assaultAn incident will happen”BurningTherefore, I apologized that "I am not criticizing the entire Self-Defense Forces" and referred to "(criticized) the mechanism of the army for war", but it became a flame again and Ishimine posted two posts Deleted from Facebook[135].. Miyakojima city council said, "Posting is a professional discrimination against SDF personnel and U.S. Marines, it must be said that it is a rant that can not be forgiven and it seriously damages the dignity of the city council." Passed 20, Opposition 3, Absence 1). Ishimine refuses to resign, saying, "I am not a member of parliament."[136].


    Sports team

    Main sports event

    Sports Facilities

    Professional baseball OfSpring campThe land is concentrated in Okinawa Prefecture,2011(23), 12 teams out of 10 teams (only one army) camp in the prefecture. Below are the main sports parks andBaseball fieldWas mentioned.


    Works set in Okinawa Prefecture

    TV drama
    Literary arts


    Honorary citizens of Okinawa

    The title of the Honorary Citizens of Okinawa Prefecture is based on the Okinawa Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance (March 2003, 15 Okinawa Prefecture Ordinance No. 3) established on March 31, 15. Is given to those who are proud and respected by the citizens of the prefecture (Article 3 of the Ordinance)[139].. The target person is "a person from Okinawa prefecture, a person who has lived in Okinawa prefecture or a person who is related to Okinawa prefecture, and contributes to the improvement of social welfare, the promotion of academic culture or sports or the industrial economy, and other social development. It is stipulated that the governor of Okinawa shall select the person with the consent of the Okinawa Prefectural Assembly (Article 2 of the Ordinance).[139].. Those who are selected as honorary citizens will be presented with the honorary citizenship title of Okinawa prefecture, the Okinawan honorary citizenship badge and commemorative items (Article 3 of the Ordinance).[139].

    Name of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
    Yamanaka Sadanori政治家April 2003, 12First generationOkinawa Development AgencySecretary[140]

    Okinawa Prefecture Honor Award


    Name of winnerOccupationDate of award ceremonyRemarksSource
    Okinawa Shogaku High SchoolBaseball clubApril 1999, 471th Selected High School Baseball TournamentFirst in OkinawaKoshienVictory.[142]
    Hirokazu UeharawheelchairRace playerApril 2008, 10Beijing ParalympicsWheelchair marathonsilver medalAcquisition.[143]
    Konan High SchoolBaseball clubApril 2010, 982th Selected High School Baseball TournamentandThe 92rd National High School Baseball ChampionshipWon. Koshien Spring-Summer consecutive title, the sixth school in history.[144]
    Ai MiyazatoProfessional golferApril 2010, 125 wins on the US Women's Golf Tour of the same year.[145]
    Susumu NakazatoWheelchair rugbyplayerApril 2016, 11Rio de Janeiro ParalympicsWheelchair rugbyRepresentation from Japanplayer. Teambronze medalContribute to acquisition.[146]
    Namie AmurosingerApril 2018, 5He has been active as a leading Japanese artist for 25 years.[147]


    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Burned down in the 2019 Shurijo Castle fire.
    2. ^ The southernmost tip of JapanTokyoBelongs toOkinotorishimaHowever, people do not live in and civilians cannot enter freely.
    3. ^ Although there is a theory of "drifting", there are no documents or studies that interpret it as "drifting", and the original text is simply "Dou Agonawa".
    4. ^ 14 regions: Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto Inland, Kanto Seaside, Tokai, Hokuriku, Kinki Inland, Kinki Seaside, Sanin, Chugoku Sanyo, Shikoku, Kyushu Kitakyushu, Kyushu Minamikyushu, Okinawa[10].
    5. ^ In the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport,Island country(territoryIs all(I.e.6,852 islands that make up Japan, which is a country consisting of Remote islandDivided into 6,847 islands[11].. However, there is no such classification/division for the islands geographically.
    6. ^ Japanese(I.e.Top 10 islands by area:Honshu,Hokkaido,Kyusyu,Shikoku,Etorofu Island,Kunashiri Island,Okinawa main island,Sado Island,Amami Oshima,Tsushima[12].
    7. ^ Posted in the following "Locations of municipalities belonging to the main island of Okinawa".
    8. ^ In other words, it is probable that the Magiri system at this time almost inherited the Magiri system at the end of the Ryukyu Kingdom era (final).
    9. ^ In addition, the main island of Okinawa was roughly divided into three categories, "Kunigami", "Nakagami", and "Shimajiri".this isOld Ryukyu14-15th centurySanzan periodDerived from the national world (with some differences). "Underground three-way" in "Jiji-san Poshu Hanari" refers to Kunigami, Nakagami, and Shimajiri. "Morori" generally refers to the remote islands around the main island and the surrounding remote islands.
    10. ^ County officeIt refers to an era when it was functioning as an administrative entity.Since the abolition of the county system, the county remains a mere geographical name.The same is true outside Okinawa Prefecture, but the historical background is different in Okinawa Prefecture.
    11. ^ However, there was a time when Shuri Ward functioned as a part of Nakagami, such as the establishment of the Nakagami District Office for a period under the old county system.It was incorporated into Naha City after the war in Okinawa.
    12. ^ However, it was nominally regarded as a part of Ryukyu. Detail isThe history of the Amami archipelagoSee.
    13. ^ at that time,Inland(Non-colonial mainland Japan)Karafuto Agencyas well as the KurilButSoviet armyBecause the fierce battle was fought, it is not "the only ground battle"[50].
    14. ^ Osumi IslandsandKami Mishimaexcept for.
    15. ^ "Act on Special Measures for Return of OkinawaFormally, from the prewar Okinawa prefecture and the prewar prefecture's municipal system, after the warLocal government lawIt was decided that it would be inherited by Okinawa Prefecture and municipalities based on.It is just a matter of legal formal inheritance.
    16. ^ Upon return, Japan paid a total of $3 million to the United States (about 2000 billion yen at the current exchange rate (as of October 2016)).
    17. ^ Yaeyama Daily2017On April 4st, the Okinawa main island version was published and the morning edition started, but from the end of February 1, it was integrated with the Yaeyama version and the delivery was canceled and switched to mail.[88].
    18. ^ South Koreaof"Unification Church(Unification Church of World Peace = Former Unification Church)National newspaperJapanese version of.
    19. ^ On cable TV in Miyako and Ishigaki, the starting 3 companies and 4 stations also delivered analog broadcasting, but unlike those that had normal image quality of 4:3, QAB was started from the beginningLetterbox 16:9Was using.
    20. ^ In the past, there were many cases where re-transmission was not performed due to management reasons in other areas (equipment costs on the cable TV station side or pressure of existing stations in the prefecture), but the cable TV station in the center of the mainland prefectural office is It is common for all four major series to be retransmitted.In addition, since the two papers publish the program guide of the original channel of the major cable TV in the prefecture, the program guide of "TV Nirai" which partially retransmits the Kagoshima Yomiuri TV is posted.
    21. ^ A relay station was opened on Irabu Island in January 2019, and FM Okinawa can be received on Miyako Island and its surrounding remote islands.
    22. ^ However, NHK-FM2011(23) From September, it became possible to listen to it by simultaneous distribution via the Internet together with Radio 9 and 1, but since it is all broadcast from Tokyo, the original program and rights of Okinawa prefecture area and Kyushu / Okinawa block If there is a program that is not delivered at the same time due to the above reasons, it cannot be listened to unless a relay station is set up.In 2TokyoOgasawara IslandsAlthough both Chichijima and Hahajima relay stations were opened, the Daito Islands still have no prospect of opening, making it the only area in the country where direct reception by NHK-FM radio broadcasting is not possible.In addition, although it can be listened to by the Internet radio distribution service (radiko, Rajiru Rajiru) described later, there are conditions and special notes.
    23. ^ 16 stations on the main island of Okinawa (2 stations in Naha City, Okinawa City, Ginowan City, Urazoe City, Tomigusuku City, Itoman City, Nanjo City, Uruma City, Nago City, Yonahara Town, Kitaya Town, Honbu Town, Yomitan Village 1 station), 1 station each on Kumejima (Kumejima Town), Miyakojima (Miyakojima City), Ishigakijima (Ishigaki City).
    24. ^ Although the official language is not specified in the Ryukyu Government Code and various laws and regulations, Japanese is used for the Ryukyu Government Code and various laws and regulations, and English is used for the decrees issued by the US military.[92].


    1. ^ "Uchina”(Japanese). Shuri/Naha dialect voice database. April 2020, 6Browse.
    2. ^ National Institute of Japanese Language (2001) "National Institute for Japanese Language Institute 5 Okinawan Dictionary", Ministry of Finance, Printing Bureau, p. 538.
    3. ^ a b "Overview of remote islands / Okinawa Prefecture". April 2017, 10Browse.
    4. ^ 260m north-northwest of the westernmost part of Japan Using rocks from Yonaguni Island, Okinawa Prefecture as a topographic map Ryukyu Shimpo, viewed June 2019, 6.[Broken link]
    5. ^ "[Island Trip Topic] Very popular with foreigners!5 remote islands in Japan ♪ | From island day, from travel day”(Japanese). shimatabibiyori.com. April 2021, 5Browse.
    6. ^ Industry in Okinawa / Reason of Industry -2014-12-4 Browse
    7. ^ Yamazato (2004)
    8. ^ "Okinawa Compact Encyclopedia" Published by Ryukyu Shinposha, Akonawajima March 2003, 3
    9. ^ "Ryukyu History Dictionary" written by Morishige Nakayama, Ryukyu Educational Book, 1969
    10. ^ "Glossary”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. April 2013, 6Browse.
    11. ^ "Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism" website Remote island promotion section What is a remote island? (Basic knowledge of the island)[1] Retrieved February 2009, 11
    12. ^ National Observatory (Edit)Science chronology 19 version P565 ISBN 4621077635
    13. ^ Okinawa Prefecture Area List by Island (160 of Okinawa Prefecture(I.e.Name and Area List) Okinawa Prefecture Land Countermeasures Section.
    14. ^ "NATURE in OKINAWA (PDF)”. Nature Conservation Division, Culture and Environment Department, Okinawa Prefecture. April 2012, 6Browse.
    15. ^ "Statistical data Okinawa's east, west, south and north ends”. Okinawa Prefecture Planning Department Land Measures Division. April 2012, 8Browse.
    16. ^ "Knowledge/Travel/Summer Remote Island Information Site Shimajima in Okinawa Iheyajima / Nohojima”. Okinawa Prefecture Planning Department Regional Remote Island Division. April 2012, 8Browse.
    17. ^ "Beautiful islands hateruma island”. Taketomi Town. April 2012, 8Browse.
    18. ^ "Longitude and latitude of the north, south, east, and west end points of Japan". Geographical Survey Institute. April 2012, 8Browse.
    19. ^ Okinawa Climate Okinawa Children's Land
    20. ^ Record of water supply restrictions (Okinawa Prefecture Enterprise Bureau)
    21. ^ Okinawa Prefecture Corporate Bureau Overview Okinawa Water (PDF)
    22. ^ Seawater desalination facility (Okinawa Prefecture Enterprise Bureau)
    23. ^ Okinawa main island near sea earthquake Seismic intensity of less than 5 at Itoman Main island for the first time in 99 years Part of the ruins of Katsuren Castle collapsed -Ryukyu Shimpo (reported February 2010, 2)
    24. ^ "Press release Summer (June-August) weather". Japanese Meteorological Agency. pp. 17 (September 2010, 9). April 2011, 7Browse.
    25. ^ "Today's summer solstice / bright clams". Ryukyu Shimpo (September 1999, 6). April 2012, 6Browse.
    26. ^ "Okinawa Compact Encyclopedia Kachibe”. Ryukyu Shimpo (March 2003, 3). April 2012, 6Browse.
    27. ^ “Okinawa observes snow for the second time in 39 years”. Okinawa Times(November 2016, 1). originalArchived as of October 2016, 2.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160224055907/https://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/article.php?id=151170 April 2021, 3Browse. 
    28. ^ “Nago, Kumejima sleet for the first time in 39 years, the main island is the first“ snow ””. Ryukyu Shimpo(November 2016, 1). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210312062410/https://ryukyushimpo.jp/movie/entry-209803.html April 2021, 3Browse. 
    29. ^ Atsushi Katahira. “Was Okinawa's "first snow" really the first snow?". yahoo. April 2022, 5Browse.
    30. ^ "Have you ever snowed in Okinawa?" Japan Meteorological Agency, viewed on August 2022, 5
    31. ^ "Snowfall at high temperatures-Limits and possibilities-Did it snow in Okinawa?"
    32. ^ About low temperature accompanied by strong cold (PDF) -Okinawa Meteorological Observatory, January 2016, 1
    33. ^ Asahi Shimbun January 2000, 1 The first page of the Asahi Shimbun "Tensei Human Language" (Asahi Shimbun compact edition, January 26, p. 1)
    34. ^ "Eh! Snow in Okinawa? Miyahara-san filmed a video". Ryukyu Shimpo: pp. Morning edition, 23 (this paper). (January 2000, 1). http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/storyid-113837-storytopic-86.html April 2011, 8Browse. "Around 12:20 on December 18, near the Okinawa Prefectural Office,Pallet cloudWitnesses in the front square " 
    35. ^ "Weather statistics”. Japan Meteorological Agency. April 2012, 1Browse.
    36. ^ "28 Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns, and villages (PDF)". Geographical Survey Institute (September 2016, 10). April 2017, 2Browse.
    37. ^ Kerama Islands National Park was born -Okinawa Times (March 2014, 3, viewed on the same day)
    38. ^ “Yambaru National Park is born”. Okinawa Times: p. 1. (September 2016, 9) 
    39. ^ "Tarama Prefectural Natural Park". Okinawa Prefecture. April 2018, 8Browse.
    40. ^ Okinawa river -Okinawa Prefecture Civil Engineering Department River Division
    41. ^ Topography and geology of Okinawa and rivers, erosion control, coasts, etc. -Okinawa General Secretariat Development and Construction Department
    42. ^ University of the Ryukyus River characteristics and life history of fish in Okinawa
    43. ^ Okinawa International University Okinawa River
    44. ^ Okinawa river administration -Okinawa General Secretariat Development and Construction Department
    45. ^ "Chubu region / Okinawa prefecture". www.pref.okinawa.lg.jp. April 2020, 11Browse.
    46. ^ https://www.pref.okinawa.lg.jp/site/doboku/kowan/keikaku/documents/documents/p1~10.pdf
    47. ^ Nippon.com [Japan's security] 18% of the area of ​​Okinawa's US military base Okinawa main island Read September 2014
    48. ^ [Return to Okinawa 45 years] 70% of US military facilities are still concentrated 15% of the main island
    49. ^ "March 1879, 3 Establishment of "Okinawa Prefecture"". Okinawa of that day. Okinawa Prefectural Archives. April 2022, 5Browse.The Daijo-kan's decree was issued on April 4, the same year.
    50. ^ Okinawa Ground Wars Japan's only → The largest government in Japan decides the Cabinet(Ryukyu Shimpo)
    51. ^ "Kadena of 1962 Okinawa "nuclear arsenal"" Mainichi Shimbun February 2016, 2 Tokyo evening edition
    52. ^ "March 1879, 3 Establishment of "Okinawa Prefecture"". Okinawa of that day. Okinawa Prefectural Archives. April 2022, 5Browse.
    53. ^ "Complete Book of Laws" Meiji 12 Daijo-kan Declaration No. 14
    54. ^ "Ryukyu Domain Abolished Okinawa Prefecture". History of Japan by official documents. National Archives. April 2022, 5Browse.
    55. ^ Jie Liu / Hiroshi Mitani / Daikei Yang, "History Recognition Across Borders" 12p University of Tokyo Press ISBN-4 13-023053-0
    56. ^ From "XNUMX Years of Submarine Lines"-Chronology of submarine communication cables in Japan/NTT World Engineering Marine HP
    57. ^ Meiji 30Taiwan Governor's OfficeNotification No. 63
    58. ^ http://www.archives.pref.okinawa.jp/publication/2012/09/post-93.html
    59. ^ Governor Ono Nagashi died in Okinawa, XNUMX years old -Asahi Shimbun Digital November 2018, 8
    60. ^ "27 National Census Population Basic Calculation Results (PDF)". Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (September 2016, 2). April 2016, 11Browse.
    61. ^ "Statistical topics: 60 million people in 1! (PDF)”. Management Materials Group, Statistics Division, Planning Department, Okinawa Prefecture (February 2012). April 2012, 6Browse.
    62. ^ a b "Overview of Okinawa's vital statistics (PDF)”. Okinawa Prefecture (December 2011, 12). April 2012, 6Browse.
    63. ^ "Prefecture population exceeded 140 million 12 increase in 10 years". Ryukyu Shimpo (September 2011, 9). April 2012, 6Browse.
    64. ^ "Healthy Parents and Children Okinawa 2010 Chapter 2 Present Situation of Maternal and Child Health (PDF)”. Health Promotion Division, Health and Welfare Department, Okinawa Prefecture. April 2012, 6Browse.
    65. ^ a b “Census prefecture population 143 people”. Ryukyu Shimpo: p. 6. (September 2016, 11) 
    66. ^ a b "Deaths by Prefecture -22 Age-Adjusted Mortality by Prefecture- (PDF)”. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (March 2012, 3). April 2012, 6Browse.
    67. ^ Naomi Kuwae et al. (2006). “Changes in life expectancy, age-adjusted mortality rate, and mortality rate by age group in Okinawa Prefecture (1973-2002) (PDF)". Okinawa Prefectural Institute for Health and Environmental Research No. 40University Hospital Medical Information Network Research Center. April 2012, 6Browse.
    68. ^ "Okinawa Prefecture Population, Households, Housing (PDF)”. Okinawa Prefecture Planning Department Statistics Division (October 2011, 10). April 2012, 6Browse.
    69. ^ a b c d "50 Years of Return to Okinawa from the Basics" Yomiuri Shimbun April 2022, 4 morning edition special page
    70. ^ 26 prefectural economic calculation (PDF)
    71. ^ Okinawa Mozuku
    72. ^ Living Information Center, editorial department, "Collection of fish catch, aquaculture, processing, import/export, distribution, consumption 2005" Living Information Center, 2005
    73. ^ General Statistics on Tourists to the Area in 2009 (Okinawa Prefecture Tourism Planning Division)
    74. ^ "Inbound demand in Okinawa”(Japanese). Visit Lab. April 2020, 6Browse.
    75. ^ Request for tax reform in 19 5. Promotion of Okinawa -Cabinet Office (read October 2010, 10)
    76. ^ Request for tax reform in 19 (PDF)
    77. ^ Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation considers expanding into Okinawa Ryukyu Shimpo Digital
    78. ^ "29 (FY) Standings by Airport (EXCEL) ”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismCivil Aviation Bureau (August 2018, 8). April 2019, 2Browse.
    79. ^ “Government considers support for Okinawa railway concept Station on the site of Futenma”. MSN Sankei NewsSangyo Keizai Shimbun. (November 2013, 8). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/politics/news/130821/plc13082101370001-n1.htm 
    80. ^ "Minami Daito Village plans to revive the railway "Sugar Train"". Ryukyu Shimpo(July 2013, 9). http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/storyid-212834-storytopic-5.html 
    81. ^ Okinawa geography trivia(Although it is introduced as "National Railway Naha Port Station" in the link, it was accurately connected with the national railway.Ryukyu ShippingIs the station of
    82. ^ Okinawa's first pair lift "The Shigira Lift Ocean Sky" - Unimat Group, August 2016, 4
    83. ^ Authorized Okinawa's first cableway project (PDF) - Cabinet OfficeOkinawa General Bureau, August 2014, 8
    84. ^ For a list of bus operators,Okinawa General Bureau Transportation Department FY 19 Transportation Manual (PDF) More excerpts.
    85. ^ Congestion loss amount per 1km by prefecture (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism)
    86. ^ “The bottom of the academic ability test is important to create a learning environment”. Ryukyu Shimpo(July 2012, 8). http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/storyid-195444-storytopic-11.html April 2012, 10Browse. 
    87. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun Advertising Guide Average number of copies sold by prefecture in the second half of 2010 (read September 2011, 9)
    88. ^ "Notice of cancellation of morning edition of Okinawa mainland version" (Press Release), Yaeyama Daily, (February 2019, 2), http://www.yaeyama-nippo.co.jp/archives/news/%E6%B2%96%E7%B8%84%E6%9C%AC%E5%B3%B6%E7%89%88-%E6%9C%9D%E5%88%8A%E9%85%8D%E9%81%94%E4%B8%AD%E6%AD%A2%E3%81%AE%E3%81%8A%E7%9F%A5%E3%82%89%E3%81%9B 
    89. ^ "[NTV / Yomiuri TV / Chukyo TV] Trial for live distribution of terrestrial prime time on TVer Starts at 10 o'clock on Saturday, October 3!". Nippon Television Network Corporation, Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation, Chukyo Television Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (September 2020, 9). April 2020, 9Browse.
    90. ^ Ryukyu Culture Overview Ryukyu Culture Archive
    91. ^ Internationalization of Japanese and language situation in Okinawa Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Fumio Inoue
    92. ^ Okinawa Prefectural Archives reference
    93. ^ Kenichi Shinoda (September 2009, 2). “Ainu people from the perspective of natural anthropology” (PDF). Prime Minister's Office. originalArchived as of October 2009, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20090414025044/http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/ainu/dai5/5siryou.pdf 
    94. ^ "Movement magazine of mankind".. (March 2010, 9). originalArchived as of October 2013, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130514213710/http://idoushi.jp/?page_id=86 
    95. ^ “Elucidating roots Focusing on Okinawa”. Asahi Shimbun(November 2010, 4). originalArchived as of October 2010, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20100420201708/http://www.asahi.com/culture/news_culture/TKY201004160274.html 
    96. ^ “Elucidating roots Focusing on Okinawa”. Asahi Shimbun(November 2010, 4). originalArchived as of October 2011, 6.. https://web.archive.org/web/20110629171640/http://www.asahi.com/culture/news_culture/TKY201004160274_01.html 
    97. ^ "United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Recommends Respect for Okinawan People's Will to Japan”(Japanese). Ryukyu Shimpo. April 2020, 10Browse.
    98. ^ INC, SANKEI DIGITAL.The Liberal Democratic Party vehemently opposes the UN view "Okinawa people are indigenous peoples" "It is an ethnic division work"”(Japanese). Sankei News. April 2020, 10Browse.
    99. ^ Okinawa Prefectural Board of Education Okinawa History and Culture
    100. ^ Okinawan residence
    101. ^ Okinawa's traditional karate and old martial arts
    102. ^ History of Ryukyu Ancient Martial Arts
    103. ^ Koden Karate/Recommendation for Ryukyu Ancient Martial Arts
    104. ^ "Forty-seven Prefectures Unchiku Encyclopedia," page 47 publisher-PHP library and author-Kazuro Yawata
    105. ^ Post-war American food culture
    106. ^ Akasaka, Norio, "Is there a discriminated person in Okinawa (below)?" Buraku Liberation, No. 554, 2005, p.55.
    107. ^ "Examine the Ryukyu Yaeyama head tax". K-aiser Collection search. Kokugakuin University.As of August 2018, 5original[Broken link]More archives.April 2018, 5Browse.
    108. ^ "Okinawa Prefecture Miyakojima Island Cost Reduction and Island Reform petition" (Meiji 28 (1895) XNUMXth Imperial Assembly approval)
    109. ^ Kurakichi Takara "People's Tax" ("National History Dictionary 15" (Hirobun Yoshikawa, 1996)) ISBN 978-4-642-00515-9
    110. ^ Local children interact with marines-JSDF.ORG
    111. ^ Lee Kyo-Ai, Toyozumi Marcia, Naomi Noiri, Ran Haei, Tokuhei Akibe, Enoki Enui "Thoughts of "Japan" and "New Japan" living in Japanese society"Mukuge, No. 173, 2003
    112. ^ Kazumi Uesato "Amerasian Another Okinawa", Kamagawa Publishing, 1998, p.28, 46
    113. ^ Hiroshi Noro "A Study on "Amerasian School in Okinawa"", Bulletin of Tokyo Polytechnic University Humanities and Society, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2004, p.28
    114. ^ Kazumi Uezato "Amerasian Another Okinawa", Kamagawa Publishing, 1998, p.15
    115. ^ Hiroshi Noro "A Study on "Amerasian School in Okinawa"", Bulletin of Tokyo Polytechnic University Humanities and Society, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2004, p.27
    116. ^ Japan Leprosy Association Hansen's Disease New Surveillance Group “Statistical analysis of new leprosy patients (1993-2000) “Journal of the Japanese Leprosy Society” 71, 2002, p.224
    117. ^ Norihisa Ishii, Yasuyuki Sugita, Hiroshi Nakajima "Trends in New Leprosy: From 1993 to 1997", The Journal of the Japanese Dermatological Association, vol. 109, 1999, p.763.
    118. ^ JFBA Legal Research Foundation Verification Committee on Hansen's Disease Problem “Verification Meeting on Hansen's Disease Problem Final Report” 2005, p.697
    119. ^ Fumaya Nakamura "<Location of people with Hansen's disease-Okinawa society and <isolation place>"" Bulletin of Faculty of Social Welfare, Yamaguchi Prefectural University, No. 14, 2008, p.42, 44
    120. ^ Fumaya Nakamura "Two Funeral Rituals in Okinawan Society: The Problem of Hansen's Disease in Okinawa and the "Special Funeral Law"", Bulletin of Faculty of Social Welfare, Yamaguchi Prefectural University, No. 11, 2005, p.44-46
    121. ^ Ryoko Shiogetsu, "The Present Day of Death in Okinawa: Spread of Cremation, Use of Funeral Services, Requests to Monks," Bulletin of Nihonbashi Gakukan University, No. 7, 2008, p.52, 61
    122. ^ Fumaya Nakamura “Two Funeral Rituals in Okinawan Society: Problems of Hansen's Disease in Okinawa and “Special Funeral Law””, Bulletin of Faculty of Social Welfare, Yamaguchi Prefectural University, No. 11, 2005, p.24
    123. ^ Koba, A., Ishii, N., Mori, S., & Fine, PEM (2009). "The decline of leprosy in Japan: patterns and trends 1964-2008". Leprosy Review: 80, P.439
    124. ^ JFBA Legal Research Foundation Verification Committee on Hansen's Disease Problem “Verification Meeting on Hansen's Disease Problem Final Report” 2005, p.698
    125. ^ Naomi Ayana "Voice of Silence: Mental Illness in the Battle of Okinawa," Quarterly War Responsibility Study, No. 52, 2006, p.9
    126. ^ Aftereffects of the Battle of Okinawa and traumatic memory (PDF) 40th Anniversary Okinawa International Symposium "Okinawa Studies to date"
    127. ^ Shimaro, "Social Change and Treatment of People with Mental Illness-Experience in Okinawa-", Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, Vol. 77, 1975, p.450
    128. ^ Kiwako Naito "Thinking from Ie Island, Okinawa""Monthly Normalization" November 1999 issue
    129. ^ Yoshimasa Ikegami, “The Stage of Evil and Holy Spirits, The Salvation World in Okinawa's Popular Christianity,” Animal Publishing, 1991, p.84, 138
    130. ^ "The "cultification" of the Christian Church"July 2008, 7 issue of "AERA"
    131. ^ Yasuyo Nomura, "Issues on "Coexistence" between Facilities and Communities-From a Survey of Facilities for People with Mental Illness in Okinawa Prefecture"" Bulletin of Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, Vol. 14, 2010, p.92
    132. ^ Yasuyo Nomura, "Issues on "Coexistence" between Facilities and Communities-From a Survey of Facilities for People with Mental Illness in Okinawa Prefecture"" Bulletin of Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, Vol. 14, 2010, p.90
    133. ^ Ryoko Shiotsuki "Sacred Madness: The Possession of Okinawa Shamanism" Musashi Tachikawa (ed.) Healing and salvation Learning from Asian religious traditions Tamagawa University Press, 2001
    134. ^ “Is the base of the Self-Defense Forces a nuisance facility in Okinawa?”Yomiuri Shimbun. (June 2012, 5). originalArchived as of October 2013, 5.. https://archive.fo/2SRRS April 2017, 3Browse. 
    135. ^ Facebook of Miyakojima City Council burns down "A woman assault case will occur if the Self-Defense Forces trained by the US military come" Sankei Shimbun 2017.3.12
    136. ^ “Resignation to Kaori Ishimine/Miyakojima city council, who posted on FB when “Self-Defense Forces come and rape women”” Miyakojima city council approved by majority. Sankei Shimbun(July 2017, 3). https://www.sankei.com/article/20170321-YAJNXW77SZKRJD443DDBRPYZX4/ 
    137. ^ "Announced on NHK morning serial heroine" Asaichi "The next stage is Okinawa". Okinawa Times(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210304053001/https://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/-/715598 April 2021, 3Browse. 
    138. ^ "NHK morning drama starring Yuina Kuroshima's hometown Okinawa stage" Chimudondon "next spring broadcast". Ryukyu Shimpo(November 2021, 3). originalArchived as of October 2021, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210303012628/https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-1280224.html April 2021, 3Browse. 
    139. ^ a b c Okinawa Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance -Okinawa prefecture, browsed on July 2019, 7.
    140. ^ Those selected as honorary citizens -Okinawa prefecture, browsed on July 2019, 5.
    141. ^ Okinawa Prefecture Honor Award Commendation Rules -Okinawa prefecture, browsed on July 2019, 7.
    142. ^ Those who received the prefectural honor prize -Okinawa Prefecture Governor's Office Secretary Division, updated November 2012, 11
    143. ^ Prefectural Citizen's Honor Award to Beijing “Gin” Kamyonara -Ryukyu Asahi Broadcasting Q Plus, October 2008, 10
    144. ^ Konan High School Baseball Club awarded "Prefecture Award" -Miyako Shimpo, September 2010, 9
    145. ^ Indigo Okinawa Prefecture Honor Award "Hope and spirit" -Nikkan Sports, August 2010, 12
    146. ^ Okinawa Prefecture Honor Award Commendation Ceremony (11 November) -Okinawa Prefecture Governor's Office Secretary Division, updated November 2017, 2
    147. ^ Commencement ceremony for the Okinawa Prefecture Honor Award for Namie Amuro (May 5) -Okinawa Prefecture Governor's Office Secretary Division, updated November 2018, 6

    Related item

    外部 リンク

    Ryukyu Domain
    Changes in administrative districts
    1879 - 1945 (First Okinawa Prefecture)
    Next generation
    Seal of High Commissioner of the Ryukyu Islands.svg

    Ryukyu Islands US Military Government

    Seal of High Commissioner of the Ryukyu Islands.svgRyukyu Islands U.S. Government

    Civil Ensign of the Ryukyus (1967) .svg Ryukyu government

    Changes in administrative districts
    1972 - (First Okinawa Prefecture)
    Next generation


    Back to Top