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😷 | "Kamakura Highball" Gradually popular Bottled back alley taste Manufactured by a standing bar Spread to beach houses


Photo Kiyofuji holding a Kamakura highball = Komachi, Kamakura City

``Kamakura Highball'' Gradually Popular Bottled with Back Alley Flavor Manufactured by Standing Bars Spreading to Beach Houses

 
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Every time a state of emergency was declared or priority measures were taken to prevent the spread of the virus, karaoke bars were forced to close.
 

The bottled drink "Kamakura Highball" that the standing bar "Tensuke" near JR Kamakura Station has started manufacturing due to the new coronavirus disaster ... → Continue reading

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Priority measures such as state of emergency and prevention of spread

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    Priority measures such as state of emergency and prevention of spreadWhat is (Kinkyuji Taisengen and Manenboushitojutensochi)?New influenza measures special measures lawOn the basis ofJapanese GovernmentIs emittednotice.JapanInHXNUMXNXNUMX influenzaSuch asSpread of infectionByPeopleLife,Socio-economic activitiesEnormous影響When it comes outjudgmentIf you doBasic coping policy subcommittee OfConsultationThroughPrime MinisterIs supposed to be announced after deciding the period and area.Prefectural governorIt is,Refrain from going out and restrict the use of public facilities,Requests / instructions for business closures, requests / orders for shortening business hours at restaurants, etc., restrictions on holding events, etc.In addition,Temporary medical facilityFor openingland-HouseUse andMedicine-MASKSRegarding sales such ascommandCan emitPossibleIs[1][2].

    Overview

    Of the lawMakeAt the time, to contain the rapid spread of the infectionPandemic influenza etc.Only was stipulated[3],20212/3Law amendment made in[3][4]Nationwide and rapid before reaching a state of emergency such as new influenzaSpreadFor the purpose of preventing[5],Priority measures such as prevention of spread of new influenza etc.Was provided[3]..However, the fact that both the declaration of emergency such as new influenza and the priority measures such as prevention of the spread of new influenza have been applied so far is spreading all over the world.New Coronavirus (COVID-19)Measures against[6] Is only[3].

    Below, in this articledecree荳 翫 譬 轹 諡  tan.

    1. The description of the Law for Special Measures for New Influenza, etc., Article 45, Paragraph 1 of the Law means Article 45, Paragraph 1 of the Law for Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.
    2. Ordinance for Enforcement of Special Measures for New Influenza Measures Law ...Enforcement order

    In addition, when using the names of both measures, they are basically abbreviated as follows.

    1. New influenza, etc./New coronavirus emergency declaration ・ ・ ・ Emergency declaration / declaration
    2. Priority measures such as new influenza / new coronavirus spread prevention ・ ・ ・ Priority measures and measures such as spread prevention
    3. A general term for priority measures such as declaration of emergencies such as new influenza and prevention of spread ... Both measures

    Emergency declaration

    Background of enactment

    Due to the nationwide and rapid spreadPeople OfLifeandEconomy縺 瀕 壼, ァ 縺 蠖 諻 踺 縺 縺 縺 渺 渺 昴 縺 翫 ◎Cabinet OrderRequirements specified in[7] If the situation falls underPrime Minister ThePandemic influenza etc.(Shingata Influenza) is announced.[3].

    Designation

    単 にEmergency declarationOften referred to as (hereinafter referred to as the state of emergency)[3]..Emergency measures andEmergency declarationI also call it[8].Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareHome PageAnd so on, "New Coronavirus Infectious Disease Emergency Declaration, etc.(Shingata coronavirus infectious disease coronavirus infectious disease coronavirus infectious disease)Aggregation officialNameでDesignationIt had been[9].

    Unique declaration by prefecture

    The state of emergency based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.Country(政府Headquarterslong[Annotation 1]) Is issued[3],eachPrefectures(Local administration)But,Infection control (infection control)Therefore, it is not based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.Original OfDeclarationMay do[10].

    Some of the factors that make an independent declarationindex StandardIt has not been reached, and it is not included in the target area of ​​the government's state of emergency, partly because it has been postponed or the infection is spreading rapidly, but there are other factors as well.[10]..Also join the area covered by the state of emergencyadjacentPrefectureIt may be announced that it is necessary to keep pace with the measures and strengthen the measures.also,health care worker,Health center OfStaff OfMind and bodyDue to exhaustionMedical collapseIn some cases, it was issued to prevent the infection, and in order to keep pace with the infection.Essential worker(SocioeconomicMaintenanceIt is issued due to various factors such as to reduce the burden on human resources (human resources required for).Since these declarations are not state of emergency based on the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc., the measures stipulated in Article 45 of the Act cannot be taken.[3], It is possible to request cooperation based on Article 24, Paragraph 9 of the Law.[3]縲 踺 蝣 㽴 蜷 ∫ Gorge threshold ∫ 踺 踺 蠢 隕 ∽ 縺 縺 ァ 縺 縺 縺 Encouragement *

    Also, in July 2021KanagawaHowever, it was adjusted to request the government to issue a declaration, but it was not possible to reach a compromise.[11] [12],Kanagawa version of state of emergency"(Kanagawa Bankinkyujitaisengen) is issued. [12][13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20][21] [22].

    However,PrefecturesIn the case of each original declarationNameMay be different,MieThen "Emergency alert declarationWas called "Kinkyu Keikai Sengen"[10].

    In addition, an original declaration has been issued at the municipal level. From January to February 2021TochigiUtsunomiya City縺 檎 kyo Threshold 縺 瀋 蜃 踺 縺 縺 縺 ◆ 縲Utsunomiya City New Coronavirus Infectious Disease Emergency Declaration"Is applicable to this.Although it includes a request for leave of absence, the content is "Please cooperate in shortening business hours according to the request of the prefecture." It is not a request unique to Utsunomiya City.[23].

    Private organizationMay declare it on its ownTochigiThen "Tochigi Prefecture Medical Emergency Declaration"(Tochigi Geniryokinkyuujitaisengen) is in Tochigi PrefectureMedical associationDeclared independently[10].

    However, the unique declarations of these private organizations are, of course,CompulsionNot accompanied by[13] In addition, these may be used in conjunction with priority measures such as preventing the spread of new coronaviruses.[22][24].

    Legally possible measures

    In emergencies such as new influenza, the followingMeasureIs possible[25][3][26]..Among the following measuresFine OfSanctionsThere iscommandIs part of what is possible[3]..For the actual application status, refer to the implementation status of the state of emergency below.

    Individual Of自由,rightLimits[3] At the time of enactment of the law,Japan Federation of Bar Associations,Nippon Pen ClubIn March 2012, there were voices calling for careful operation, such as issuing a statement against this law.[27][28]..In addition, Article 5 stipulates that the restrictions on the freedom and rights of the people must be the minimum necessary.[3]..In addition, at the time of enactment of the law, it is required not to arbitrarily declare a state of emergency at the request of the opposition Liberal Democratic Party.Incidental resolution(11 items of the House of Representatives[3][29], House of Councilors 19 items[3][30])But[31]縲 ∬.Cabinet CommitteeAttached by[3].

    Requests to prefectural police and prefectural boards of education

    • According to Article 24, Paragraph 7 of the Act, the head of the prefectural countermeasures headquarters (governor) will take necessary measures to the prefectural police and the prefectural board of education to the extent necessary to implement measures against new influenza, etc. It stipulates that it can be requested.

    School all at onceClosed schoolFrom March 2020nd to June 3th, 2 for all elementary schools, junior high schools, high schools, and special needs schools nationwide, in order to prepare for the risk of infection due to the long-term gathering of many children and teachers on a daily basis. We are temporarily closed until the day of the event, which is February 6, 7.Shinzo Abeprime ministerWas based on the request of[32] However, the provision that the Prime Minister can make this request is the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.[3]It was done at the discretion of the board of education of the local government that manages the school and (in the case of private school) the school, at the request of the prime minister, which is not legally based on the law.[32].

    Request for cooperation necessary for implementing measures for residents (not binding)

    • Article 24, Paragraph 9 of the Act states that requests for cooperation necessary for the implementation of measures can be made to public and private organizations or individuals.Request for restriction on going out,EntertainmentWhen there are restrictions on venues, events, etc., there is a request not to violate the restrictions.

    For residentsvaccination(vaccineInoculation / * "COVID-19 vaccine(See also) (necessary by the country)Financial burden) Is not based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc., but the Vaccination Law.[33]It is carried out "when it is recognized that there is an urgent need to prevent spread" based on Article 7 of the Supplementary Provisions, and is not limited to during the issuance of an emergency.

    Measures for going out (non-binding)

    • PrefecturesGovernorCan request residents to stop going out unless it is necessary to maintain their livelihood (Article 45, Paragraph 1 of the Act).[3].
    • At the time of enactment of the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza after the outbreak of new influenza, the period of request was set to the first 1-2 weeks.[27]..However, in 2020, when it was triggered against a new coronavirus infection, it was targeted for a period of up to 50 days beyond this.Furthermore, in 2021, in Okinawa Prefecture, it was covered for more than 5 months from May 23 to September 9.

    Measures for facilities

    There are many cases of requests for leave, etc., and the details are "Closed based on the Act on Special Measures Against New InfluenzaIt is dealt with in.

    Measures for medical care

    • When the prefectural governor finds that there is a shortage of hospitals and other medical institutions, which will hinder the provision of medical care.MedicalIt is necessary to secure the provision system (temporary medical facilities, etc.) (Article 31-2 of the Act)[3]).
      • Temporary medical facilities became possible at the stage of establishment of the Government Countermeasures Headquarters by the revision in 2021, but in order to open temporary medical facilities, land and buildings are forcibly used without the consent of the right holder.[Annotation 4]It is possible to do so only while the state of emergency is declared (Article 49 of the Act).[3]).

    In fact, at around 2021:8 on August 23, 16, based on Article 57-16, Paragraph 2 of the Act on Prevention of Infectious Diseases and Medical Care for Patients with Infectious Diseases, it was decided that the medical care system would become even more severe. , All medical institutions, clinics, and medical workers in Tokyo (for “all medical institutions”, this includes not only fever outpatient departments but also orthopedics and obstetrics and gynecology departments) to the maximum extent of acceptance of inpatients The national government and the Tokyo metropolitan government are jointly requesting cooperation in securing more beds and dispatching them to lodging facilities.[36][37][38][39][40][41].

    In addition, on August 2021, 8, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare stated, "Promotion of the establishment of temporary medical facilities in light of the current rapid spread of infection.[42]We sent an office communication entitled "To prefectures, cities with health centers, and special wards."

    Measures for transportation and sale of goods

    • Request / instruction for transportation of emergency supplies (Article 54 of the Act)[3]).
    • Chrysalis pupa √ ”[Annotation 5]Request / expropriation of sales (Article 55, Paragraph 1 of the Act)[3]).
    • Prefectural governors, etc. can request vendors to sell supplies necessary for dealing with new influenza, etc., and are compulsory if they do not respond unreasonably.expropriation[Annotation 6](Article 55, Paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Law)[3]).
    • In addition, penalties will be applied to those who do not unreasonably accept the sale (Article 76, Paragraph 1 of the Act).[3]).
    • In the case of use based on Article 49 of the Law and expropriation based on Article 55 of the Law, "compensation for loss that should normally occur" is required (Article 62, Paragraph 1 of the Law).[3]).

    Measures for funerals

    • Special cases for burial and cremation (Law on graveyards and burialsWithout a cremation permit from the mayor of the municipalityCremationTolerance)[Annotation 7](Article 56 of the Law[3](Article 56 of the Law[3], Article 15 of the Enforcement Order of the Act on Measures for the Protection of the People in Armed Attack Situations, etc., as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 34 of the Enforcement Order)

    縺 昴 ザ 陦 梧 荳 翫 謗 脂

    These provisions are not applicable because they are in an emergency, but require the proper operation of existing laws regarding situations that may occur in an emergency.

    • Stable prices of daily necessities (National Life Stability Emergency Measures Act(Proper operation of such methods) (Article 59 of the Act)[3])
    • Extension of administrative application deadline, etc. (Article 59 of the Act)[3] mutatis mutandis application of the Act on Special Measures for Preserving the Rights and Interests of Victims of Specified Emergency Disasters (Act No. 8 of 85))
    • 謾 蠎 憺 菫 ≡ 陞 肴 ゥ 滄 聲 峨 ↓[3])

    Report on the implementation status of the state of emergency

    On June 2020, 6, the Cabinet SecretariatReport on the implementation status of the new coronavirus infectious disease emergency declarationFor the first time, the summary of the implementation status of the state of emergency declaration nationwide from April 4th to May 7th of the same year was announced.[43]..This is against a bill to partially revise the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.Incidental resolution(House of Representatives Cabinet Committee[44], House of Councilors Cabinet Committee[45])に基づくものとされている。同様な報告は、2021年10月8日に、2021年1月8日から同年3月21日までの期間及び2021年4月25日から同年9月30日までの期間の緊急事態宣言についてもされている[46].

    Implementation status of the state of emergency

    Report to the Diet of the Cabinet Secretariat regarding the implementation status of the state of emergency[43][46]Based on the above, the description is made in general corresponding to the above legally possible measures.

    なお内閣官房の国会への報告に準じて第1回(2020年4月7日から同年5月25日まで)、第2回(2020年4月7日から同年5月25日まで)、第3回(2021年4月25日から同年9月30日まで)の区分を使用する。

    Requests to prefectural police and prefectural boards of education

    • In the first session, based on Article 1, Paragraph 24 of the Law, Saitama Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture requested the prefectural Board of Education to take a leave of absence from prefectural schools.We requested the prefectural police to strengthen public relations and enlightenment activities for fraud cases.
    • In the 2nd and 3rd meetings, based on Article 24, Paragraph 7 of the Law, Saitama Prefecture requested the prefectural board of education to thoroughly implement infection control measures for prefectural schools.

    Request for cooperation in refraining from going out

    • In the first session, based on Article 1, Paragraph 24 of the Law, Aomori prefecture, Iwate prefecture, Miyagi prefecture, Yamagata prefecture, Fukushima prefecture, Tochigi prefecture, Toyama prefecture, Fukui prefecture, Yamanashi prefecture, Shizuoka prefecture, Mie prefecture, Shiga prefecture・ Nara prefecture, Wakayama prefecture, Tottori prefecture, Shimane prefecture, Okayama prefecture, Tokushima prefecture, Kagawa prefecture, Ehime prefecture, Kochi prefecture, Saga prefecture, Kumamoto prefecture, Oita prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture requested cooperation to refrain from going out. ..Furthermore, based on Article 9, Paragraph 45 of the Law, all prefectures made a request for cooperation in refraining from going out.
    • In the 2nd and 3rd meetings, based on Article 45, Paragraph 1 of the Act, all prefectures subject to the state of emergency made a request for cooperation in refraining from going out.

    Request for cooperation such as restrictions on holding events

    • At the first meeting, all prefectures made a request for cooperation such as restrictions on holding events, based on Article 1, Paragraph 24 of the Act.
    • In the 2nd and 3rd meetings, based on Article 24, Paragraph 9 of the Act, all prefectures subject to the state of emergency made requests for cooperation such as restrictions on the holding of events.

    Request for cooperation such as restrictions on the use of facilities

    • At the first meeting, based on Article 1, Paragraph 24 of the Law, all prefectures except Okayama and Tokushima prefectures requested cooperation such as restrictions on the use of facilities.
    • In the 2nd and 3rd meetings, based on Article 24, Paragraph 9 of the Act, all prefectures subject to the state of emergency made requests for cooperation such as restrictions on the use of facilities.

    Requests / instructions / orders and publications of facility usage restrictions, etc.

    • In the first session, based on Article 1, Paragraphs 45 and 2 of the Law, Hokkaido, Miyagi Prefecture, Ibaraki Prefecture, Tochigi Prefecture, Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Chiba Prefecture, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Kanagawa Prefecture, Niigata Prefecture, Ishikawa Prefecture・ Nagano prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Tottori prefecture, Shimane prefecture, Hiroshima prefecture, Yamaguchi prefecture, and Fukuoka prefecture have requested and announced restrictions on the use of facilities, and Article 4 of the Act. Based on paragraphs 45 and 3, Chiba prefecture, Kanagawa prefecture, Niigata prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, and Fukuoka prefecture issued instructions and announced restrictions on the use of facilities.
    • In the second session, based on Article 2, Paragraph 45 of the Law, Saitama Prefecture, Chiba Prefecture, Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Aichi Prefecture made requests for restrictions on the use of facilities, etc. Based on this, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has implemented orders such as restrictions on the use of facilities.
    • In the 3rd meeting, based on Article 45, Paragraph 2 of the Law, all prefectures subject to the emergency declaration made a request for cooperation such as restrictions on the use of facilities, and based on Article 45, Paragraph 2 of the Law. , Orders such as restrictions on the use of facilities and publications based on Article 45, Article 44 of the Act, Miyagi prefecture, Ibaraki prefecture, Tochigi prefecture, Gunma prefecture, Saitama prefecture, Chiba prefecture, Tokyo metropolitan area, Kanagawa prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Aichi prefecture, It was carried out by Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, Okayama, Hiroshima, Fukuoka and Okinawa prefectures.

    Measures for medical care

    • At the first meeting, based on Article 1, Paragraph 24 of the Law, Osaka Prefecture requested the relevant municipalities to secure beds.
    • In the first session, Hokkaido, Kanagawa, Ishikawa, Fukui, Aichi, Nagasaki, and Okinawa prefectures opened temporary medical facilities based on Article 1, Paragraph 48 of the Law.
    • In the second round, based on Article 2-38, Paragraph 2 of the Law (Article 1, Paragraph 2021 of the Law before the revision that came into effect in February 2), Chiba Prefecture, Tokyo, and Kanagawa Prefecture established temporary medical facilities. opened.
    • In the 3rd round, Hokkaido, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Saitama, Chiba, and Tokyo based on Article 38-2, Paragraph 1 of the Law (Article 2021, Paragraph 2 of the Law before the revision enforced in February 48) The capital, Kanagawa, Gifu, Shizuoka, Shiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Okayama, Hiroshima, Fukuoka and Okinawa prefectures have opened temporary medical facilities.

    Measures for transportation and sale of goods

    • Requests / instructions for the transportation of emergency supplies, requests / expropriation for the sale of medicines and foods are not actually applied.

    Measures for funerals

    • The burial and cremation exceptions have not actually been applied.

    Stable supply of water

    • From the 1st to the 3rd, the stable supply of water pursuant to Article 52, Paragraph 2 of the Act was carried out in all relevant prefectures and municipalities that are water utilities.

    縺 昴 ザ 陦 梧 荳 翫 謗 脂

    The report to the Diet of the Cabinet Secretariat does not specifically mention it,National Life Stability Emergency Measures ActBased on this, from March to August 2020, measures to prohibit resale of sanitary masks, disinfectant alcohol, etc. have been taken.

    Priority measures such as prevention of spread

    Background of enactment

    The government's unclear and unclear concrete measuresNew coronavirusImproving the effectiveness of measures to prevent the spread of infectionPandemic influenza etc.Along with deterring the spread of infection before reaching (simply a state of emergency)[3], "The economy will stop if the content is too strict, such as a state of emergency," so special measures for new influenza, etc. aimed at preventing the spread of infection while minimizing the impact on the economy. Measures Act,Law Concerning Prevention of Infectious Diseases and Medical Care for Infected Patients(Infectious Disease Law),Quarantine ActThe law to partially revise the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.20212/3 OfHouse of Councilors plenary sessionでLDP,KomeitoWith both ruling partiesConstitutional Democratic PartyApproved and approved by the majority of the opposition parties[3], Promulgated as Law No. 3 on February 2, 3rd year of Reiwa (enforcement is2/13)[3]..With this amendmentPriority measures such as prevention of spread of new influenza etc.(Shingata Influenza and Umanenboushitojutensochi) was newly established.[47].

    Fish, fish, fish, fish, fish, fish, fish, fish

    The official name in the legal text isPriority measures such as prevention of spread of new influenza etc.But[48],Year 20214/1When it was first issued toPriority measures such as prevention of the spread of new coronavirus infectionsUnder the name of (Shingata Coronavirus Kansenshomanenboushitojutensochi)AnnouncementWas done[3][49].

    単 にPriority measures such as prevention of spread(Hereinafter referred to as priority measures such as prevention of spread).IntermixAvoids and is not used in legal textCommon kanjiUsing the outside Chinese character "vine" (man), "Priority measures such as prevention of spreadMay be written[3]..In addition, "etc." can be generally read as "etc.", but it is not read as "etc." in this name.[3][50][51].. "Etc." is said to include the meaning of "improvement of medical care provision system".[3][52].

    However, when it comes to notation in English, there are various translations because it looks like a coined word, and there is no definitive translation.Therefore, there are various ways of saying and writing.For more information,LaterTo do.

    The abbreviation in Japanese was initially partly "Sunfish"(Prevention[53]) Was used[54],LaterBecause of the problem of the government, the government urged the media companies to "don't use the name sunfish", so after mid-April, "Spread prevention measures'[17][55],Prevention of spread'[56],Priority measures","Prevention of spread, etc.'[57] etcMediaIt is abbreviated as.Also, abbreviations in English are said to exist in everyday conversation.However, in any case, the abbreviation is different for each person.Prefectural governorAndExpertThere are many abbreviations other than this, which vary from person to person.[58] Is expected to[57].

    English notation problem of priority measures such as spread prevention

    As mentioned above, there is no definitive English notation for priority measures such as spread prevention, and various translations and interpretations are made.[59] [60] 縲 縺 縺 縲 ∵ RitsutanEnglish mediaThe difference between translation and translation in English media existing overseas is particularly clear. [60] . For example,japantimes (Japan Times)AndGoogle ブ ラ ウ ザIt is open to the public for free atMachine translationServices OfGoogle TranslateMeans "more stringent measures / measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus" inStricter measures to prevent the spread of the virus' [61] And it is a broadcast for overseasNHKworldMeaning "stricter COVID-19 (new coronavirus) measures / countermeasures" inStricter COVID-19 measures' [62]"Tighter Covid measures' [61] Is considered to be a basic and beautiful translation (appropriate translation), and is often expressed as such. [60] , Of the major mediaAP communicationThen, "urgent and partial measures"Literal translationMeaning in (It is difficult to translate correctly because it is a coined word) "semi-emergency coronavirus measures'[59] Or, "measures before an emergency" literally means "pre-emergency measures'[59] It may be written as.Reuters CommunicationsThen, "Before the state of emergency" () means "emergency measures'[59] Or "intensive measures"measures focused on specific areas to prevent the spread of the coronavirus'[59]"Intensive measures for preventing COVID-19 infection'[59] [63] However, it is not often used because it is a long sentence and the meaning is difficult to grasp. [60].

    さ ら に,Coined wordEnglish basicssyntax(subject+verb+noun Shi 峨 蟠 ゥ 縺 Encouragement ◆ Medical ≧ 縺 縲 Stronger COVID-19 Measures in 〇〇 / Request for an announcement of stronger measures to stop the spread of Novel Influenza, etc. '[64] Although it may be translated as, it is possible to understand the meaning of the word because the order is not broken.[60].

    Prime minister's residenceサイトThen, "Implementation of priority measures such as prevention of the spread of diseases" means "priority measures to prevent the spread of diseaseIs translated[65].Cabinet SecretariatNew coronavirus infectionOn the countermeasure site, "priority measures for prevention" means "Priority Preventive MeasuresIs translated[66]..Government Japanese Law Foreign Language TranslationDatabaseSystemIn the English translation of "Overview of the Act for Partial Amendment of the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.", it means "Measures to prevent spread that are specific to the region."Area-Focused Intensive Measures for Prevention of the Spread of InfectionIs translated[67].

    This can be translated in various ways when it is written in daily conversation or abbreviations.[68].

    Problems related to the abbreviation "Manbo"

    As mentioned above, since priority measures such as spread prevention will be applied for the first time in April 2021, it was sometimes abbreviated as "manbow" or "sunfish" in the media reports.This abbreviation is said to have become "man-proof" as a result of examining the abbreviation around January of the same year within the government such as the Cabinet Secretariat's New Coronavirus Infectious Disease Control Promotion Office and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.At the beginning of the study, "manju" was also emerging.[69]..This abbreviation suddenly came to the forefront at a press conference on March 3, the same year, by the chairman of the Coronavirus Countermeasures Division.Shigeru OmiIs said to have frequently said "Manbo" (not a flat intonation but the same intonation as a fish sunfish).[69]..From this, some experts say, "It seemed that the population would be overwhelmed by getting the" endorsement "of the experts in public."[52]..In addition, the notation of "vine defense" cannot be used in principle because the character of "vine" is outside the common kanji.

    However, due to the intonation of this abbreviation, the fish "Sunfish"Tanna japonensis" 諠 踺 輔 ○ 縲 √ Gotan 讖 滓 ─ 諢 溘 ↓ 縺 4 ¢ 縺 縺 ”縺 滓 蛻, 逧.・ Sound 蜿 蜿 髯 "隴 ー 蜩.Yasutoshi NishimuraMinister in charge of measures against new coronavirus"I basically try not to use the word'manbo'. There is also a playful atmosphere," he said.[70] There have been criticisms from ministers and local government chiefs, and Omi, who often used it, said that the word "manbo" is not appropriate. "Priority measures" are better. " Have stated[69]..Furthermore, the government and the media are increasingly refraining from abbreviating "prevention of spread, etc." as "prevention of spread."It was pointed out that "there is a playful atmosphere", reminiscent of a loose image like a sunfish swimming fish with a sense of language.[52]..In this connection, of fishSunfish Road Station Otani KaiganMiyagi Prefecture, which has become a trademark ofKesennuma CityBut"(Great East Japan EarthquakeIt may be a negative image for the roadside station, which is expected to restart (from), "he said, and by the 3rd of the same month, he was cautious about abbreviating" priority measures such as spread prevention "to" man prevention "to the media companies. I have issued a document requesting "I want you to do it."[71]..Governor Yuriko Koike of Tokyo also said to a reporter who asked "Manbo" and said, "That word," Manbo "is not used in Tokyo. It is a" priority measure "." I'm stabbed.

    However, it has been reported that some government leaders have been criticized as saying, "I have never said the exact name. It will be a priority measure."[72].. actually,Prime MinisterAndSecretary of StateThe abbreviation may be used even at the press conference.

    The abbreviation is humorous and reminiscent of the popular fish, the sunfish, and it seems that the seriousness of the situation is difficult to convey to the people, and there seems to be consideration that the attitude of the government may be doubted. Initially, the expressions such as newspapers and television, which were abbreviated as "prevention of sunfish," have been consolidated into the abbreviations of "priority measures" and "measures to prevent spread."[52].

    On the other hand, taking advantage of priority measures such as prevention of spread, the work of the Edo period "Sunfish to prevent plague" was released.Wakayama City MuseumThere is also a reaction such as an exhibition being held at[73].

    Matters common to priority measures such as emergency declaration and spread prevention

    Issuance criteria

    Both the emergency declaration and priority measures such as prevention of spread will be carried out after hearing the opinions of academic experts and experts in advance.[74], The state of emergency is a nationally set indicator of the spread of infection[3] Of the four levels of alertness, it is applied at the equivalent of "Stage 4", which is the first from the top.[3], Priority measures such as spread prevention will be applied at the equivalent of "Stage 2", which is the second from the top.[3]..Specifically, the government will announce the area before the announcement.Basic coping policy subcommittee[75] 縺 蚲 迫 ∫ 匱 迼, 縺 ヲ 縺 .k 縲.

    Furthermore, priority measures such as prevention of spread may be applied to areas before the issuance of the declaration as well as areas after the cancellation of the state of emergency.2021 as an example6/21Hokkaido, Tokyo, Aichi, Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, and Fukuoka prefectures, where the declaration of emergency has been lifted, are targeted for priority measures such as prevention of spread.

    In addition, although there are slight signs of rapid spread of infection, priority measures such as prevention of spread may be applied even if the infection has not actually spread (equivalent to stage 2).[3][6][76]. 

    The government is expected to aim to apply priority measures such as prevention of spread as preventive measures before issuing a state of emergency and measures to prevent the spread of infection to some extent.[3][77].

    However, Article 31-4, Paragraph 6 of the Act[3]If we receive a request for issuance from the prefectural governor based on the above, we will respect the request as much as possible and consider it promptly. Is required by an incidental resolution of the Diet[3][74].

    Warning index for infection status indicated by the country[78]
    Vigilance levelEpidemiological situationMedical service systemEstimated measuresEstimated cancellation of measures
    Stage IV (infection explosion)諢 滓 沒閠 縺.explosiveIncreased (overshoot)MedicalCollapse / bankruptcy /Unable to continue medical measuresEmergency declarationEquivalentCannot be released
    Stage III (rapid increase in infection)諢 滓 沒閠 縺.SuddenIncreased toOf the medical systemforce(Collapse / bankruptcy in rural areas)Priority measures such as prevention of spreadEquivalentConsideration / cancellation of emergency declaration cancellationEquivalent
    Stage II (infection gradual increase)諢 滓 沒閠 縺.graduallyIncreased toChrysalis pupa to Yusu Nada(Tightness in rural areas)Cancellation of emergencyEquivalent
    Stage I (sporadic infection)諢 滓 沒閠 縺.SporadicOccurs inNormal medical system(Increased burden in rural areas)OtherCancellation of priority measures such as prevention of spreadEquivalent
    Stage 0 (convergence of infection)諢 滓 沒閠 縺.Convergence tendencyHeading toNormal medical systemDescribed as a reference

    Announcement area

    The state of emergency is issued on a prefectural basis.[3] However, the provisions of the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.[3] Then, there is no provision that the state of emergency must be issued on a prefectural basis.[3]縲 √ ° 縺 Doctor ▲ 縺 ヲ 隨 ャ 38 tan.捷縺 謗 踺 Detective k 蛹 蝓 溷 Saka → 隕 丞 棹 @[3] There are provisions assuming that it will be issued for some of the municipalities.[3], It is only the story of operation that was announced on a prefecture-by-prefecture basis.[3]..In addition, Hokkaido, which was the subject of the 2021 emergency declaration in its actual application, stated that "all roads will be subject to emergency measures, and even stronger measures will be taken for specific measures areas." Closed of restaurants that serve alcoholic beverages according to Article 45[3] Is applied unevenly in Hokkaido, such as staying in specific measures areas (Sapporo City, Ebetsu City, Chitose City, Eniwa City, Kitahiroshima City, Ishikari City, Tobetsu Town, Shinshinotsu Village, Otaru City, Asahikawa City).[79].

    What is the scope of the government's implementation of priority measures such as prevention of spread? The provisions of the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.[3] Although it is not specified in, it is actually done on a prefectural basis.Furthermore, the prefectural governor targeted by the government for the purpose of "requesting that necessary measures be taken in the period and area specified by the prefectural governor" (Summary of Article 31-6, Paragraph 1) is the municipality. It is possible to take measures in a specific area such as[3], Can be a more limited and intensive measure that the government is aiming for[76]..However, it is stipulated in the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc. that priority measures such as spread prevention should be taken for all local governments in prefectures.[3] Then, since it is not prohibited, it is legally possible to apply priority measures such as spread prevention on a prefectural basis.[80]..In fact, the government's basic coping policy[81] Since it is stated in the "Prefectural Governor, in principle, when designating an area, a municipality unit or a certain section", Kanagawa Prefecture will be in Kanagawa Prefecture from July 2021nd to August 7st, 22. Cases targeting all municipalities and all local governments other than Kiyokawa Village[82] However, there were no cases until the end of 2020, completely targeting all local governments.

    When priority measures such as spread prevention were applied to Okinawa Prefecture in January 2022, the entire prefecture was targeted.[83]..Furthermore, Hiroshima Prefecture expanded the scope of coverage from 1 cities and 9 towns to the entire prefecture on January 10th, from what was targeted at the start of application on January 3th.[84].

    When priority measures such as spread prevention were expanded to Tokyo and 2021 prefectures from January 1, 21, Gunma prefecture[85],Saitama[86], Chiba Prefecture[87],Tokyo[88],Kanagawa Prefecture[89], Niigata Prefecture[90],Gifu Prefecture[91],Kumamoto Prefecture[92]において、管内の全市区町村を対象とし、1月21日現在でまん延防止等重点措置区域とされた1都15県のうち過半を超える1都9県で全域が対象となった。長崎県は、1月21日の適用開始時点で長崎市と佐世保市のみが対象としていたものを、1月26日(休業要請は1月28日から適用)に県内全域に対象を拡大した[93].

    Aomori Prefecture when it was decided to add priority measures such as spread prevention to 1 road, 27 prefectures and 1 prefectures from January 2[94],Yamagata Prefecture[95],Fukushima Prefecture[96]Excluding, 1 road, 2 prefectures, 12 prefectures, Hokkaido[97],Ibaraki Prefecture[98],Tochigi Prefecture[99],Ishikawa Prefecture[100],Nagano Prefecture[101],Shizuoka Prefecture[102],Kyoto[103], Osaka[104], Hyogo Prefecture[105],Shimane Prefecture[106],Okayama Prefecture[107],Fukuoka Prefecture[108],Saga Prefecture[109],Oita Prefecture[110]And Kagoshima prefecture[111]において全域が対象となった。その結果、2022年1月27日現在で、まん延防止等重点措置区域とされた1都1道2府30県のうち7県を除く1都1道2府23県で全域が対象とされた。更に、1月30日から福島県[112]However, the scope of application, which used to be 5 cities such as Fukushima City, has been expanded to the entire prefecture, and from January 1st, Mie Prefecture.[113]However, all cities, towns and villages other than Owase City, Kitamuro District Kihoku Town, Kumano City, Minamimuro District Mihama Town, and Kiho Town have been expanded to the entire prefecture, and initially Iwakuni City and Waki ​​Town will be covered until January 1st. Yamaguchi Prefecture[114]Extends the application period to February 2 and at the same time expands it to the entire area. Kagawa Prefecture from February 20, 2022[115]Was the only one that did not applyKagawa-gunNaoshima Townにまん延防止等重点措置の適用とすることとし、適用範囲を県内全域にした。これにより2022年2月2日以降では、まん延防止等重点措置区域とされた1都1道2府30県のうち3県を除く1都1道2府27県で全域が対象とされた。2022年2月5日より和歌山県[116]When it was decided to add the application of priority measures such as prevention of spread, the scope of application was expanded to the entire prefecture.As a result, after February 2022, 2, the entire area was covered in 5 metropolitan area, 1 road, 1 prefectures and 2 prefectures, excluding 31 prefectures out of 3 metropolitan area, 1 road, 1 prefectures and 2 prefectures, which were designated as priority measures for prevention of spread. From February 28, 2022, Okinawa Prefecture decided to cancel the entire prefecture from the two cities and villages in the Miyako area (Miyakojima City, Tarama Village, Miyako District), so after February 2, 7. Then, the entire area is covered in 2022 metropolitan area, 2 road, 7 prefectures and 1 prefectures, excluding 1 prefectures out of 2 metropolitan area, 31 road, 4 prefectures and 1 prefectures, which are designated as priority measures areas such as spread prevention. Aichi Prefecture from February 1, 2[117]Was the only one that did not applyKitashitara-gunToei TownWe decided to apply priority measures such as prevention of spread, and the scope of application was expanded to the entire prefecture.Also from the same day Kochi prefecture[118]にまん延防止等重点措置の適用を追加することになった際、適用範囲を県内全域にした。これにより2022年2月12日以降では、まん延防止等重点措置区域とされた1都1道2府32県のうち3県を除く1都1道2府29県で全域が対象とされた。

    In this way, in contrast to 2021, we cannot confirm a comprehensive analysis of the reasons for most of the prefectures that were designated as priority measures for prevention of spread in 2022, but initially targeted two towns and villages. In Aichi prefecture, which was excluded and then applied to the entire area, the standard is that the population is 2 and the number of new positives per week is level 10 (1) or higher.[117]Even in the two towns and villages where this index was initially below the standard, the range was expanded by the number of new positives exceeding the standard, indicating that the spread in the entire area of ​​infection is a factor. ..

    On the contrary, as of February 2022, 2, Saga Prefecture, which was the target of priority measures such as prevention of spread from August 14 to September 2021, 8, is "former Karatsu". city[Annotation 8]Is the only case.

    Issuance procedure

    The Declaration of Emergency for New Influenza, etc. describes the period during which the head of the government's countermeasures headquarters should implement emergency measures such as new influenza (within 2 years, can be extended within 1 year), and the areas where emergency measures such as new influenza should be implemented. Public announcement,国会Must report to[3][119][120][121].

    On the other hand, in the priority measures such as prevention of spread, the head of the government countermeasures headquarters emphasizes the period during which priority measures such as prevention of spread of new influenza etc. should be implemented (within 6 months, extension is possible with unlimited number of times) and prevention of spread of new influenza etc. Publicly announce the area where measures should be implemented (Article 31-4 of the Act)[3]), Report to the Diet is not statutory[3]..However, we discussed the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.House of Representatives Cabinet Committee(February 2021, 3 (Reiwa 2)) andHouse of Councilors Cabinet Committee(4th of the same month)Incidental resolution(House of Councilors Cabinet Committee, the Cabinet Committee of the House of Representatives) is demanding a prompt report to the Diet.[3]After the resolution, the minister in charge said, "I would like to fully respect the purpose."[122]..However, the report based on the incidental resolution isLegally bindingIt does not mean that there is, but it is arbitrary as it is called in each profane.[123]..However, judging from the actual examples of the issuance so far, all reports have been made to the Diet based on the incidental resolution.

    Announcement period

    The state of emergency can be issued within 2 years, but with priority measures such as spread prevention, it can be issued within 6 months.[120]..In addition, in the state of emergency, it can be extended multiple times within a range not exceeding one year in total, but priority measures such as spread prevention can be extended as many times as necessary, and in effect, the state of emergency is declared. There is a view that it can be said to be a stronger measure than[123].

    Announcement case

    邱 莠 莠 莠 踺 蚪 蜿 翫 縺 踺 諦 諦 豁∫ ∫ Oa 荳 逧.

    July 2020-December 4

    20204/717:45,New Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19)Locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague Locust plague ♀ locust plague ≠ locust plague ≠ locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague locust plague Stubborn locust plague ”險 莠 茱 踲 32 譎 hJapan Broadcasting Corporation) ・ Television / radio broadcasting by commercial broadcasters andYouTube Live-Nico Nico Live BroadcastbyLive streaming deliveryAfter the live broadcast), the same day official bulletin extra issue No. 44[124] Was announced as "Public Notice Regarding the State of Emergency Declaration for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases".

    How long should emergency measures be implemented as of April 4?2020From April 4th to May 7th.Areas where emergency measures should be implementedSaitama-Chiba-Tokyo-Kanagawa-Osaka-Hyogoas well as the FukuokaIt was designated as an area of. Excluded after April 4thAichi,KyotoDeclaration of emergency by the local government[125] を行う自治体が見られた事と、各地で感染者の急増が止まらない状況を鑑み、同年4月16日、緊急事態措置を実施すべき区域が全都道府県の区域に拡大された。緊急事態措置を実施すべき期間については、既指定の7都府県を除いては、2020年4月16日から同5月6日までとされた(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年4月16日付官報特別号外第50号)[126][127].

    Excluded after April 4thAichi,KyotoDeclaration of emergency by the local government[Annotation 9]を行う自治体が見られた事と、各地で感染者の急増が止まらない状況を鑑み、同年4月16日、緊急事態措置を実施すべき区域が全都道府県の区域に拡大された。緊急事態措置を実施すべき期間については、既指定の7都府県を除いては、2020年4月16日から同5月6日までとされた(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年4月16日付官報特別号外第50号)[126][127].

    According to the government's basic countermeasures for coronavirus infectious diseases, the expansion to all prefectures on April 4Hokkaido,Ibaraki,Ishikawa,Gifu縲 ∵.縺 縺 縺 碁 縺 縺 縺 縺 縺 縺 縺 縺 * 隕 √ 〒 縺 kyu k 縲 saka → 縺 怅〕 a 縺 縺 encourage[128].

    The government's basic countermeasures against new coronavirus infections are the initial 7 prefectures and 13 prefectures of Hokkaido, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Gifu, Aichi, and Kyoto prefectures, which are said to have spread to the same extent. Are collectively referred to as "specific caution prefectures" and are required to refrain from going out as an emergency measure.[128].

    May 2020, 5, "For the time being, it is necessary to continue efforts to reduce the number of newly infected people, and if the infection spreads again in the region or the whole country, there is a possibility that the medical care provision system will be further burdened."[129] As a result, the period for implementing emergency measures has been extended to May 2020, 5 for all prefectures ("Public Notice to Change All Announcements Regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases" May of the same year. 31 Date Official Bulletin Extra No. 5)[130][131].

    May 2020, 5, "Analyzing and evaluating changes in infection status, etc., and making a comprehensive decision based on the ideas described below."[132] As a result, Hokkaido, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Kyoto, Osaka and Hyogo continued to declare, and the other 39 prefectures canceled emergency measures ("Emergency of new coronavirus infection"). "Public Notice to Change All Public Notices Regarding Situation Declaration", Special Issue No. 5 of the Official Bulletin dated May 14, the same year)[133].

    Subsequently, on May 5, the emergency measures for Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo prefectures were lifted. issue)[134][135].

    After the 譛 蠕 ↓ 谿 1 & 諿 諢Rei Oki 驕 薙 b 縲 譛 3 譌 ・ 縲 √ 梧 隼 豼 √ ※ 諢 滓 沒 迥 豕 √ Ai 譁 縺 縺 縺 ◆ 縺 ”縺 ヲ 縺 薠 ∴ 譁 ケ 縲 saka r[136] Admitted that it was no longer necessary to implement emergency measures, and declared that the emergency had ended ("Public Notice Regarding the Declaration of Cancellation of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 5 dated May 25, the same year).[137].

    Issuance of the first state of emergency (from early April to late May 1)
    TargetperiodReason for announcementReason for cancellationRemarks
    ChibaMarch 2020, 4-February 7, 2020Rapid spread of infectionBelow the guideline for the state of emergencySpecific alert prefectures
    Kanagawa
    Saitama
    Tokyo
    OsakaMarch 2020, 4-February 7, 2020Decrease in infected people / decrease in severely ill people
    Hyogo
    FukuokaMarch 2020, 4-February 7, 2020Decrease in infected people
    HokkaidoMarch 2020, 4-February 16, 2020Rapid spread of infection nationwideBelow the guideline for the state of emergency
    KyotoMarch 2020, 4-February 16, 2020Decrease in infected people and secure medical system
    IbarakiMarch 2020, 4-February 16, 2020Decrease in the number of infected people
    Ishikawa
    Gifu
    Aichi
    Miyagi
    Yamagata
    Fukushima
    Aomori
    Gunma
    Tochigi
    Nagano
    Niigata
    Yamanashi
    Shizuoka
    Akita
    Toyama
    Fukui
    Iwate
    Shiga
    Mie
    Nara
    Wakayama
    Tottori
    Shimane
    Okayama
    Hiroshima
    Yamaguchi
    Kagawa
    Tokushima
    Ehime
    Kochi
    Saga
    Nagasaki
    Oita
    Kagoshima
    Kumamoto
    Miyazaki
    Okinawa

    July 2021-December 1

    2021年1月7日17時30分、再び新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)の全国的かつ急速なまん延による国民生活及び国民経済に甚大な影響を及ぼすおそれがある事態が発生したと判断したとして、本法32条1項に基づく緊急事態宣言を発令。前年の発令時同様18時より国民向け記者会見を行った後、同日付官報特別号外第1号[138] Was announced as "Public Notice Regarding the State of Emergency Declaration for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases".

    How long should emergency measures be implemented as of April 1?20211/8[Annotation 10]From to February 2th.The areas where emergency measures should be taken were the areas of Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo and Kanagawa prefectures.

    July 1st of the same year,Tochigi, Gifu prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture and Fukuoka prefecture were added to the target area.The period for implementing emergency measures was set from January 2021, 1 to February 14, 2 except for the designated one metropolitan area and three prefectures ("Regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases"). "Public Notice to Change All Public Notices", Special Issue No. 7 of the Official Bulletin dated January 1, the same year)[139].

    Only Tochigi Prefecture will be canceled from February 2nd and 2th of the same year.[Annotation 11], The remaining 10 prefectures decided to extend until March 3 ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices Regarding the State of Emergency Declaration of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 7 of the Official Bulletin dated February 2, the same year[142]縲 ∬ 㽬 ”: 2021 蟷 エ 2 譛 譌 ・ 螳伜  A 隨 ャ 5 蜿 KI[143]..At the same time, if the situation improves, it will be canceled even before the deadline.

    From February 2th and March 26st of the same year[Annotation 12]Decided to cancel emergency measures in Gifu prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture ("Public announcement to change all announcements regarding the new coronavirus infection emergency declaration" February 2, the same year Date Official Bulletin Extra No. 26)[145]..As a result, the areas covered by the state of emergency became the areas of Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo and Kanagawa prefectures.

    On March 3th and 5th of the same year, it was decided to extend the period for implementing emergency measures to March 3st. "Public Notice to Change All Public Notices Regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases" Special Issue No. 8 of the Official Bulletin dated March 3, the same year)[146]

    On March 3, the same year, he admitted that it was no longer necessary to implement emergency measures.[Annotation 13]As of March 3, which is the period for implementing emergency measures[Annotation 14]Announced that the emergency situation will end. ("Public Notice Regarding the End of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 3, dated March 18, the same year)[147].

    Issuance of the first state of emergency (from early April to late May 2)
    TargetperiodReason for announcementReason for cancellationRemarks
    ChibaMarch 2021, 1-March 8, 2021Explosive increase in infected people (occurrence of overshoot)Significant reduction in infected people
    Kanagawa
    Saitama
    Tokyo
    TochigiMarch 2021, 1-March 14, 2021諢 滓 沒 縺 蜿 據
    AichiMarch 2021, 1-March 14, 2021Improvement of the number of beds and a significant decrease in the number of infected people
    Gifu
    Kyoto
    Osaka
    Hyogo
    Fukuoka

    July 2021-December 4

    20214/1, For the first time announced priority measures such as prevention of spread.The period for which priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented is 2021.4/5から5/5Until then, the areas where priority measures such as prevention of spread should be implemented are:Miyagi,Osaka,Hyogo("Public Notice on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases," Special Issue No. 4 of the Official Bulletin dated April 1, the same year).

    20214/9, Because the number of infected people is increasing outside these three prefectures.Tokyo,Kyoto,Okinawa3 prefectures have been added to the target area.Regarding the period for which priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented,4/12From May 5th (Tokyo)5/11(Up to) ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures for Prevention of Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Extra No. 4 of the Official Bulletin dated April 9, the same year).

    20214/16,Saitama,Chiba,Kanagawa,Aichi4 prefectures were added to the target area.Regarding the period for which priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented,4/20から5/11("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases," Special Issue No. 4 of the Official Bulletin dated April 16, the same year).

    20214/23Again, it was determined that the nationwide and rapid spread of the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) could have a significant impact on the people's lives and the national economy. Issued a state of emergency based on.Same date official bulletin extra issue 32[148] 縺 縺 翫 > 縺 ヲ 縲 √ 梧 sleep 蝙 4 縺 縺 红蜈 ャ 聉 縺 輔 l 縺 纘23. After the 蜈 蠎 〵 〹

    Regarding priority measures such as prevention of spread,EhimeTo the target area, and for the period to be implemented,4/25から5/11縺 縺 ァ 縺 縺 輔 l 縺 溘 yo 擲 莠 ャ 驛 縲 ∽ 詛 蠎 懊 ∝, 㽧 諦 蠎 懊 ∝.4/25With the transition from the state of emergency to4/24As far as possible, priority measures such as prevention of spread have been lifted, and for the remaining Miyagi and Okinawa prefectures, the period to be implemented will be extended to May 5. ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases," Special Issue No. 11 of the Official Bulletin dated April 4, the same year).

    20215/7, Aichi and Fukuoka prefectures will be added to the target areas for emergency measures from May 5th, the deadline will be May 12st, and the application deadline for Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka and Hyogo prefectures will also be May 5st. Decided to extend until the date ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices Regarding the Declaration of Emergency of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 31 of the Official Bulletin dated May 5, the same year)[149].

    Regarding priority measures such as prevention of spread,Hokkaido,Gifu,MieTo the target area, and for the period to be implemented,5/9から5/31Was up to.In addition, Miyagi prefecture will be canceled only on May 5 due to the end of the application period, and Aichi prefecture will be canceled only on May 11 due to the transition to the emergency declaration from May 5 and the rest of Saitama prefecture. , Chiba prefecture, Kanagawa prefecture, Ehime prefecture, Okinawa prefecture, the period to be implemented5/31("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases," Special Issue No. 5 of the Official Bulletin dated May 7, the same year).

    20215/14Chrysalis 譛 譌 ・ 縺 5i Chrysalis Rei Oki pupaOkayamaandHiroshimaWas added to the target area for emergency measures, and the deadline was decided to be until May 5 ("Public Notice to Change All Announcements Regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", extra issue of the official bulletin dated May 31, the same year. No. 5)[150].. At this time,OkayamaandHiroshimaWe consulted with the Advisory Committee on the Basic Countermeasures on the 14th to make it a target of priority measures to prevent spread, but in response to a series of objections from experts at that time, Hokkaido (until then spread) Changed to a policy of applying the state of emergency to Okayama and Hiroshima prefectures, and consulted and approved the basic coping policy subcommittee again.[151].

    Regarding priority measures such as prevention of spread,Gunma,Ishikawa,KumamotoTo the target area, and for the period to be implemented,5/16から6/13Was up to.Regarding Hokkaido, it was canceled only on May 5 due to the transition to the state of emergency on May 16 ("Public announcement to change all of the announcements regarding priority measures such as prevention of the spread of new coronavirus infection" in the same year. Special issue No. 5 of the official bulletin dated May 15).

    20215/21From December 5OkinawaWas added to the target area for emergency measures, and the deadline was decided to be until May 6 ("Public Notice to Change All Announcements Regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", extra issue of the official bulletin dated May 20, the same year. No. 5)[152]..At this point, the deadline for other areas covered by emergency measures is May 5 and has not changed.

    まん延防止等重点措置については、愛媛県については、感染者・医療状況改善に伴い、当初の適用期限の5月31日を待たずに、5月22日限りで解除、沖縄県については、5月23日に緊急事態宣言への移行に伴い5月22日限りで解除とされた(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年5月21日付官報特別号外第45号)。

    20215/28, Decided to extend the application deadline for emergency measures in 9 prefectures other than Okinawa Prefecture from the original May 5st to June 31th ("Change all announcements regarding the Declaration of Emergency for Coronavirus Infectious Diseases" "Public Notice" Special Issue No. 6 dated May 20, the same year)[153].

    Regarding priority measures such as spread prevention, for Saitama prefecture, Chiba prefecture, Kanagawa prefecture, Gifu prefecture, and Mie prefecture, the period to be implemented will be from May 5st.6/20("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases," Special Issue No. 5 of the Official Bulletin dated May 28, the same year).

    20216/10縲 ∫ Se, 鬥 ャ After ∫ 浹 蟾 晉 恉 縲 ∫. Yuko 縺 莨 エ 縺 譛 6 譌 ・ 髯 踺 j 縺 ァ 隗 ”髯, 縺 縺 Encouragement ◆ "Saka" Li

    20216/17、沖縄県の緊急事態措置の適用期限を当初の6月20日から7月11日まで延長し、沖縄県以外の1都1道2府5県(北海道、東京都、愛知県、大阪府、兵庫県、京都府、岡山県、広島県、福岡県)については適用期間終了に伴い6月20日限りで解除することを決定(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年6月17日付官報特別号外第46号)[154].

    Priority measures such as spread prevention will be canceled only on June 2 for the two prefectures of Gifu and Mie prefectures due to the end of the application period, and priority measures for spread prevention etc. for the three prefectures of Saitama, Chiba and Kanagawa prefectures. From the original June 6th7/11Hokkaido, Tokyo, Aichi prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture 1 metropolitan area 1 road 2 prefectures 3 prefectures are targeted for priority measures such as spread prevention Add and implement the period6/21Decided to add it as July 7 ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures for Prevention of Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 11 of the Official Bulletin dated June 6, the same year).The areas and periods for implementing priority measures such as spread prevention are Hokkaido, Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Aichi, Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, and Fukuoka prefectures. It will be scheduled until July 17.In addition, Hokkaido, Tokyo, Aichi prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, 50 metropolitan area, 1 road, 1 prefectures and 2 prefectures have priority measures such as prevention of spread applied even before the transition to the state of emergency. With the cancellation of the state of emergency, the area will be subject to priority measures such as prevention of spread again.

    20217/8、沖縄県の緊急事態措置の適用期限を7月11日までであったものを8月22日までに延長し、東京都については、7月12日から8月22日まで適用することを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年7月8日付官報特別号外第59号)[155].

    まん延防止等重点措置については、北海道、愛知県、兵庫県、京都府、福岡県の1道4県については適用期間終了に伴い、東京都については緊急事態措置への移行によりそれぞれ7月11日限りで解除し、埼玉県、千葉県、神奈川県、大阪府の1府3県については、まん延防止等重点措置を実施すべき期限が7月11日までであったものを8月22日までに延長することを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年7月8日付官報特別号外第59号)[155].

    20217/30, The number of new positives is at a high level, and there are areas where the increase is remarkable.[156]、東京都及び沖縄県の緊急事態措置の適用期限を8月22日までであったものを8月31日までに延長し、大阪府、千葉県、神奈川県及び埼玉県の1府3県を緊急事態宣言の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間は8月2日から8月31日までとすることを決定(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年7月30日付官報特別号外第65号)[157].

    まん延防止等重点措置については、大阪府、千葉県、神奈川県及び埼玉県の1府3県については緊急事態措置への移行により8月1日限りで解除し、北海道、石川県、京都府、兵庫県及び福岡県をまん延防止等重点措置の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間を8月2日から8月31日までとすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年7月30日付官報特別号外第65号)[157].

    20218/5, Fukushima prefecture, Ibaraki prefecture, Tochigi prefecture, Gunma prefecture, Shizuoka prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Shiga prefecture, and Kumamoto prefecture are added to the target areas of priority measures such as spread prevention, and the period to be implemented is from August 8 to August. Decided to be until 8st ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures for Prevention of Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases" Ordinance, August 8, 31 (Extra Special No. 3)[158].

    20218/17、埼玉県、千葉県、東京都、神奈川県、大阪府及び沖縄県の緊急事態措置の適用期限を8月31日までであったものを9月12日までに延長し、茨城県、栃木県、群馬県、静岡県、京都府、兵庫県及び福岡県の1府6県を緊急事態宣言の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間は8月20日から9月12日までとすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年8月17日付官報特別号外第70号)[159][160].

    まん延防止等重点措置については、茨城県、栃木県、群馬県、静岡県、京都府、兵庫県及び福岡県の1府6県については緊急事態措置への移行により8月19日限りで解除し、宮城県、山梨県、富山県、岐阜県、三重県、岡山県、広島県、香川県、愛媛県及び鹿児島県の10県をまん延防止等重点措置の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間を8月20日から9月12日までとすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年8月17日付官報特別号外第70号)[159][161].

    20218/25、北海道、宮城県、岐阜県、愛知県、三重県、滋賀県、岡山県及び広島県の1道7県を緊急事態宣言の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間は8月27日から9月12日までとすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年8月25日付官報特別号外第70号)[162].

    まん延防止等重点措置については、北海道、宮城県、岐阜県、愛知県、三重県、滋賀県、岡山県及び広島県の1道7県については緊急事態措置への移行により8月26日限りで解除し、高知県、佐賀県、長崎県及び宮崎県の4県をまん延防止等重点措置の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間を8月20日から9月12日までとすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年8月25日付官報特別号外第70号)[162].

    20219/9、宮城県及び岡山県の2県について適用期間終了に伴い9月12日限りで緊急事態宣言を解除し、北海道、茨城県、栃木県、群馬県、埼玉県、千葉県、東京都、神奈川県、岐阜県、静岡県、愛知県、三重県、滋賀県、京都府、大阪府、兵庫県、広島県、福岡県及び沖縄県の19都道府県の緊急事態措置の適用期限を9月12日までであったものを9月30日までに延長することを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症緊急事態宣言に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年9月9日付官報特別号外第75号)[163].

    まん延防止等重点措置については、富山県、山梨県、愛媛県、高知県、佐賀県、長崎県の6県については、適用期間終了に伴い9月12日限りで解除、福島県、石川県、香川県、愛媛県、熊本県、宮崎県、鹿児島県の6県について、まん延防止等重点措置を実施すべき期間を9月12日までであったものを9月30日までに延長し、緊急事態宣言から移行する形で宮城県及び岡山県の2県をまん延防止等重点措置の対象区域に追加し、実施すべき期間を9月13日から9月30日とすることを決定した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」令和3年9月9日付官報特別号外第75号)[163].

    20219/28縲 ∵─ 譟 Nabe 憾 豕 √d Chrysalis 耋 耋 萓 帑 Su Nada Chrysalis 譫 譫 譫 Tongue 隧 ears 蚧 趧 趧縺 縺 ”縺 溘 ◆[Annotation 13], Decided to end the emergency measures only on September 9, which is the period when the emergency measures should be implemented ("Public Notice Regarding the End of the Emergency Measures for Coronavirus Infection" Reiwa September 30, 3 Date Kanpo Special Extra No. 9)[164].

    Regarding priority measures such as spread prevention, it was decided that the situation where it is necessary to intensively implement priority measures such as spread prevention will end only on September 9, which is the period when priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented. ("Public announcement regarding the end of priority measures such as prevention of the spread of new coronavirus infectious diseases" Reiwa, September 30, 3rd, Special Issue No. 9)[164].

    3rd and 4th State of Emergency Declaration[Annotation 15]Announcement (from late April to the end of September 2021)
    TargetperiodReason for announcementReason for cancellationRemarks ① * Correspondence before issuanceRemarks ② * Correspondence after cancellation
    Tokyo (3rd time)March 2021, 4-March 25, 2021Rapid spread of infectionDecrease in the number of infected peopleTransition from priority measures such as spread preventionShift to priority measures such as prevention of spread (because there is a high possibility of rebound)
    Osaka (3rd time)
    Kyoto (3rd time)
    Hyogo prefecture (3rd time)
    Locust plague carp locust plagueMarch 2021, 5-March 12, 2021On the verge of explosive spread of infection
    Fukuoka Prefecture (3rd time)縺 Se 罘 Saka 髦 豁 "Ryo 蛾 ㍾ 轤 轹 謗 脂 脂 脂 脂
    Hokkaido (2nd time)March 2021, 5-March 16, 2021Exceeding standards for priority measures such as prevention of spreadTransition from priority measures such as spread prevention
    蟯. Locust plague carp locust plague縺 Se 罘 Saka 髦 豁 "Ryo 蛾 ㍾ 轤 轹 謗 脂 脂 脂 脂 End without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    Hiroshima Prefecture (2nd time)
    OkinawaMarch 2021, 5-March 23, 2021Tightening of beds (on the verge of collapse of medical care) and spread of infectionRegarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionEnd without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    Tokyo (4rd time)March 2021, 7-March 12, 2021Rapid spread of infectionRegarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionEnd without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    SaitamaMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021The number of new positives is at a high level, and there are areas where the increase is remarkable.Regarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionEnd without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    Chiba
    Kanagawa
    Osaka (4rd time)
    IbarakiMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021The number of new positives is increasing rapidly, and the public health system and medical care provision system are becoming extremely strict, especially in the Tokyo metropolitan area.Regarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionEnd without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    Tochigi
    Gunma
    Shizuoka
    Kyoto (4rd time)
    Hyogo prefecture (4rd time)
    Fukuoka Prefecture (4rd time)
    MiyagiMarch 2021, 8-March 27, 2021The number of new positives continues to reach a record high, and there are some areas where the increase is remarkable.Regarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionShift to priority measures such as spread prevention
    蟯. Locust plague carp locust plague
    Hokkaido (3nd time)March 2021, 8-March 27, 2021The number of new positives is increasing rapidly, and the public health system and medical care provision system are becoming extremely strict, especially in the Tokyo metropolitan area.Regarding the status of infection and the status of the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system, it has been decided that it does not fall under the emergency measures area.Transition from priority measures such as spread preventionEnd without shifting to priority measures such as spread prevention
    Gifu
    Locust plague carp locust plague
    Mie
    Shiga
    Hiroshima Prefecture (3nd time)
    Priority measures such as spread prevention Application status by region

    In the prefectures to which the priority measures such as spread prevention are applied, the local governments targeted by the measures by the priority measures such as spread prevention are as follows.[3][165][166][167][13][168][169][170][17][171][18][172][173][174][175][176][177][178][179][180][181].

    The application of these by municipality is not stipulated by the public announcement of priority measures such as spread prevention, but by the judgment of each governor.[3].

    Announcement of priority measures such as spread prevention (from early April to the end of September 2021)
    PrefecturesMunicipalitiesperiodReason for cancellationRemarks
    Hokkaido(1 times)SapporoMarch 2021, 5-March 9, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Hokkaido (2nd time)SapporoMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Hokkaido (3nd time)SapporoMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    EbetsuMarch 2021, 8-March 14, 2021Additional application
    Chitose
    Eniwa
    Kitahiroshima City
    Ishikari city
    Ishikari-gunTobetsu Town
    Ishikari-gunShinshinotsu Village
    Otaru
    AsahikawaMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Additional application (second time)
    Miyagi(1 times)Sendai cityMarch 2021, 4-March 5, 2021End of application period
    Miyagi(2 times)Sendai cityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Miyagi(3 times)Sendai cityMarch 2021, 9-March 13, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    FukushimaIwakiMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021End of application period
    KoriyamaMarch 2021, 8-March 23, 2021Because the infection was greatly reducedAdditional application
    FukushimaMarch 2021, 8-March 26, 2021Because the infection was greatly reducedAdditional application (second time)
    IbarakiHitachi City,Takahagi,Oarai Town,Castle town,Daigo Town,Kawachi Town38 municipalities excludingMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Hitachi City,Oarai Town,Castle town,Daigo Town,Kawachi TownMarch 2021, 8-March 15, 2021Additional application
    Tochigi14 cities (all cities in the prefecture), 9 towns (Motegi-Nakagawa TownThere are no villages in Tochigi prefecture.March 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    MotegiMarch 2021, 8-March 16, 2021Additional application
    Gunma(1 times)MaebashiMarch 2021, 5-March 16, 2021End of application period
    Takasaki
    Isesaki City
    Ota City
    Numata City
    Shibukawa
    Fujioka
    Tomioka
    Annaka
    Sawa-gunTamamura Town
    Gunma(2 times)MaebashiMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Takasaki
    Kiryu
    Isesaki City
    Ota City
    Numata City
    Tatebayashi
    Shibukawa
    Fujioka
    Tomioka
    Annaka
    Green city
    Kita Gunma DistrictPingtung Village
    Kita Gunma DistrictYoshioka Town
    Sawa-gunTamamura Town
    Ora-gunItakura Town
    Ora-gunMeiwa Town
    Ora-gunChiyoda
    Ora-gunOizumi Town
    Ora-gunOramachi
    SaitamaSaitamaMarch 2021, 4-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kawaguchi city
    Kawagoe-shiMarch 2021, 4-March 28, 2021The range has been reduced due to the declining trend in the number of new positives.Additional application
    Tokorozawa
    Soka
    Koshigaya
    蕨 市
    Toda-shi
    Asaka
    Shiki
    Wako city
    Niiza city
    Fujimi
    Fujimino-shi
    Iruma-gunMiyoshi
    Kawagoe-shiMarch 2021, 7-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application (second time), reapplication
    Tokorozawa
    Soka
    Koshigaya
    蕨 市
    Toda-shi
    Asaka
    Shiki
    Wako city
    Niiza city
    Fujimi
    Fujimino-shi
    Iruma-gunMiyoshi
    KasukabeAdditional application (second time)
    Yashio city
    Misato
    Tsurugashima-shi
    Kitadachi-gunIna Town
    ChibaIchikawa CityMarch 2021, 4-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Urayasu city
    Funabashi
    Matsudo-shi
    KashiwaMarch 2021, 4-March 20, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.
    ChibaMarch 2021, 4-March 28, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application
    Narashino-shi
    Noda-shiMarch 2021, 4-March 28, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application
    Nagareyama
    Yachiyo
    Kamagaya city
    Abiko
    市 原 市March 2021, 6-March 21, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application (second time)
    KisarazuMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    Kimitsu
    Futtsu
    Sodegaura
    Narita CityMarch 2021, 7-March 2, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application (second time)
    KashiwaMarch 2021, 7-March 12, 2021Additional application (second time), reapplication
    YachiyoMarch 2021, 7-March 19, 2021Additional application (second time), reapplication
    Kamagaya city
    Tokyo(1 times)Tokyo 23 Ward[Annotation 16]March 2021, 4-March 12, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Musashino
    Chofu City
    Fuchu-shi
    Tachikawa
    Hachioji City
    Machida-shi
    Tokyo (2rd time)Tokyo 23 Ward[Annotation 16]March 2021, 6-March 21, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyTransition from state of emergency
    Ebara-mura,Okutama Townexcept forTama areaMunicipality
    Kanagawa横 浜 市[Annotation 17]March 2021, 4-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kawasaki City[Annotation 17]
    Sagamihara City[Annotation 17]
    Atsugi[Annotation 17]March 2021, 4-March 28, 2021Additional application (second time)
    ZamaMarch 2021, 4-March 28, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    YamatoMarch 2021, 4-March 28, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    Ebina
    Ayase
    Kamakura city
    FujisawaMarch 2021, 5-March 12, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    Yokosuka
    Chigasaki
    Isehara
    Zushi
    Miura
    Koza-gunSamukawa Town
    Miura-gunHayama Town
    Odawara cityMarch 2021, 6-March 1, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    HiratsukaMarch 2021, 6-March 1, 2021Review the measures area based on the infection situation, etc.Additional application (second time)
    Hadano
    All cities and towns in Kanagawa prefectureMarch 2021, 7-March 22, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application (second time)
    ToyamaToyamaMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021End of application period
    Ishikawa(1 times)KanazawaMarch 2021, 5-March 16, 2021End of application period
    Ishikawa(2 times)KanazawaMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021End of application period
    YamanashiKofu CityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021End of application period
    Fujiyoshida
    Tsuru city
    Yamanashi
    Otsuki City
    Nirasaki
    Minami Alps
    Hokuto
    Kai city
    Fuefuki city
    Uenohara
    Koshu
    Chuo City
    Nishiyatsushiro-gunIchikawa Misato Town
    Minamikoma DistrictFujikawa Town
    Nakakoma DistrictShowa Town
    Minamitsuru-gunYamanakako Village
    Minamitsuru-gunFujikawaguchiko Town
    Gifu(1 times)(I.e.March 2021, 5-March 9, 2021End of application period
    Ogaki
    Tajimi City
    Seki City
    Nakatsugawa
    Hashima
    Minokamo
    Toki City
    Kakamigahara City
    Kani City
    Mizuho City
    Motosu City
    HashimaGinan Town
    HashimaKasamatsu Town
    Yoro-gunYoro Town
    Motosu-gunNorthern town
    TakayamaMarch 2021, 5-March 16, 2021End of application periodAdditional application
    Mizunami
    Ena City
    Yamagata City
    Gero City
    Kani DistrictMitake Town
    Gifu(2 times)(I.e.March 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Hashima
    Kakamigahara City
    Yamagata City
    Mizuho City
    Motosu City
    HashimaGinan Town
    HashimaKasamatsu Town
    Motosu-gunNorthern town
    Ogaki
    Minokamo
    Kani City
    Kani DistrictMitake Town
    Tajimi City
    Nakatsugawa
    ShizuokaShizuoka CityMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Hamamatsu city
    Numazu City
    Atami
    Mishima City
    Fujinomiya city
    Ito
    Fuji city
    Gotemba
    Shimoda
    Susono City
    Izu City
    Izunokuni
    Kamo-gunHigashiizu Town
    Kamo-gunKawazu Town
    Kamo-gunMinamiizu Town
    Kamo-gunMatsuzaki Town
    Kamo-gunNishiizu Town
    Takata-gunKannan Town
    Sunto-gunShimizu Town
    Sunto-gunNagaizumi Town
    Sunto-gunOyama Town
    IwataMarch 2021, 8-March 15, 2021Additional application
    Yaizu City
    Fujieda
    FukuroiMarch 2021, 8-March 18, 2021Additional application (second time)
    Kakegawa
    Omaezaki
    Kikugawa
    Makinohara
    Shimada
    Kosai City
    Shuchi-gunMori Town
    Haibara-gunYoshida Town
    Aichi(1 times)Nagoya cityMarch 2021, 4-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Locust plague carp locust plagueNagoya cityMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Toyohashi
    Komaki City
    岡 崎 市March 2021, 6-March 21, 2021Review the measures area based on the number of new positives
    Handa City
    Kasugai City
    Tsushima
    Kariya city
    Inuyama
    Takahama
    Kiyosu City
    Nishi Kasugai DistrictToyoyama Town
    Niwa-gunOguchi Town
    Kaifu-gunOji Town
    GamagoriMarch 2021, 7-March 3, 2021End of application periodAdditional application
    Locust plague carp locust plagueNagoya cityMay 2021-June 8, 8Transition to a state of emergency
    Kasugai City
    Gangnam
    Obu City
    Owariasahi
    Nisshin City
    Kiyosu City
    Ama City
    Nagakute
    Aichi-gunTogo Town
    Kaifu-gunOji Town
    Kaifu-gunTobishima VillageMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Because the infection situation has improved
    岡 崎 市March 2021, 8-March 21, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyAdditional application
    Ichinomiya
    Seto City
    Handa City
    Tsushima
    Kariya city
    Toyota City
    Gamagori
    Inuyama
    Tokoname
    Komaki City
    Inazawa
    Tokai City
    (I.e.
    Takahama
    Iwakura
    Toyoake City
    Aishi City
    Kitanagoya
    Nishi Kasugai DistrictToyoyama Town
    Niwa-gunOguchi Town
    Niwa-gunFuso Town
    Kaifu-gunKanie Town
    Chita DistrictAgui Town
    Chita DistrictMinamichita Town
    Chita DistrictMihama Town
    Chita DistrictTaketoyo Town
    Kitashitara-gunToei Town
    Mie(1 times)Kuwana CityMarch 2021, 5-March 9, 2021To grasp the infection situation and take measures according to the situation in each regionInitially, it will be canceled until June 6th, but only on June 20th.
    Inabe City
    YokkaichiMarch 2021, 5-March 9, 2021End of application period
    SuzukaMarch 2021, 5-March 9, 2021To grasp the infection situation and take measures according to the situation in each regionInitially, it will be canceled until June 6th, but only on June 20th.
    Kameyama City
    Nabari
    Iga City
    KuwanaKisosaki Town
    Inaben-gunToin Town
    Mie-gunKomono Town
    Mie-gunAsahi Town
    Mie-gunKawagoe Town
    Mie(2 times)Kuwana CityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Inabe City
    KuwanaKisosaki Town
    Inaben-gunToin Town
    Yokkaichi
    Mie-gunKomono Town
    Mie-gunAsahi Town
    Mie-gunKawagoe Town
    Suzuka
    Kameyama City
    Tsu City
    Matsusaka City
    Taki-gunTaki Town
    Taki-gunMeiwa Town
    Taki-gunOdaimachi
    Nabari
    Iga City
    Shiga13 cities (all cities in the prefecture)March 2021, 8-March 8, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kyoto(1 times)Kyoto CityMarch 2021, 4-March 12, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kyoto (2rd time)Kyoto CityMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Kyoto (3rd time)Kyoto CityMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Uji cityMarch 2021, 8-March 17, 2021Additional application
    Joyo
    Mukai
    Nagaokakyo
    Yawata
    Kyotanabe City
    Kizugawa
    Osaka(1 times)OsakaMarch 2021, 4-March 5, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Osaka (2rd time)螟 ァ 諦 蠎 懷 縺 縺 吶 ∋ 縺 ヲ 縺 蟶.March 2021, 6-March 21, 2021Transition to a state of emergencyTransition from state of emergency
    Hyogo(1 times)AmagasakiMarch 2021, 4-March 5, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Nishinomiya
    Ashiya
    Kobe City
    Itami CityMarch 2021, 4-March 22, 2021Additional application
    Takarazuka
    Kawanishi City
    Mita
    Akashi City
    KawabeInagawa Town
    Hyogo prefecture (2rd time)Kobe CityMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Hanshin South Area (Amagasaki,Nishinomiya,Ashiya)
    Hanshin Kita area (Itami City,Takarazuka,Kawanishi City,Mita, Kawabe-gunInagawa Town)
    Higashi Harima area (Akashi City,Kakogawa,Takasago,Kako-gunInami Town, Kako-gunHarima Town)
    Himeji
    Hyogo prefecture (3rd time)Kobe CityMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Hanshin South Area (Amagasaki,Nishinomiya,Ashiya)
    Hanshin Kita area (Itami City,Takarazuka,Kawanishi City,Mita, Kawabe-gunInagawa Town)
    Higashi Harima area (Akashi City,Kakogawa,Takasago,Kako-gunInami Town, Kako-gunHarima Town)
    Himeji
    Kita-Harima area (Nishiwaki,Miki,Ono City,Kasai City,Kato City,Takagawa-gunTakamachi)March 2021, 8-March 16, 2021Additional application
    Other than Himeji City in the Nakaharima area (Kanzaki-gunKamikawa Town, Kanzaki-gunIchikawa, Kanzaki-gunFukusaki Town)
    Nishi-Harima area (Aioi City,Tatsuno City,Ako City,Shishiwa City,Ibo-gunPrince Town,Ako-gunKamigori Town,Sayo-gunSayo Town)
    Tamba area (Tamba Mt. Sasayama,Tamba city)
    Awaji area (Sumoto,Minamiawaji City,Awaji City)
    Okayama(1 times)Okayama CityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kurashiki
    蟯. Locust plague carp locust plagueOkayama CityMarch 2021, 9-March 13, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Kurashiki
    Tsuyama
    Tamano-shi
    Kasaoka
    Ibara
    General corporation
    Bizen
    Akaban
    Maniwa
    Asaguchi City
    Tokubo-gunHayashima Town
    Oda DistrictYakake
    Katsuta-gunShoo
    Katsuta-gunNagi Town
    Kume-gunKumenami Town
    Kume-gunMisaki Town
    HiroshimaHiroshima cityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Mihara
    Hatsukaichi
    Kure
    Onomichi
    Fukuyama City
    Fuchu-shi
    Takehara
    Higashihiroshima City
    Aki DistrictFuchu Town
    Aki DistrictKaita Town
    Aki DistrictSakamachi
    KagawaTakamatsuMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021End of application period
    Ehime(1 times)Matsuyama CityMarch 2021, 4-March 25, 2021Infected person / improvement of medical condition
    Ehime(2 times)Matsuyama CityMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021End of application period
    KochiKochiMarch 2021, 8-March 27, 2021End of application period
    Fukuoka(1 times)Fukuoka CityMarch 2021, 6-March 21, 2021End of application periodTransition from state of emergency
    Kitakyushu
    Kurume
    Fukuoka(2 times)Fukuoka CityMarch 2021, 8-March 2, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Kitakyushu
    Kurume
    Fukuoka area (Chikushino,Kasuga City,Onojo City,Munakata City,Dazaifu City,Koga City,Fukutsu City,Asakura City,Itoshima,
    Nakagawa City,Kasuya-gunUmi Town, Kasuya-gunShinoguri Town, Kasuya-gunShimen Town, Kasuya-gunSue Town, Kasuya-gunShingu Town,
    Kasuya-gunHisayama Town, Kasuya-gunKasuya Town,Asakura-gunChikuzen Town, Asakura-gunToho Village)
    Kumamoto(1 times)Kumamoto-shiMarch 2021, 5-March 16, 2021End of application period
    Kumamoto(2 times)Kumamoto-shiMarch 2021, 8-March 8, 2021
    SagaFormer Karatsu City[Annotation 8]March 2021, 8-March 27, 2021End of application period
    NagasakiNagasakiMarch 2021, 8-March 27, 2021End of application period
    Sasebo
    MiyazakiMiyazaki CityMarch 2021, 8-March 27, 2021End of application period
    Hyuga CityMarch 2021, 8-March 27, 2021Because the number of newly infected people is declining
    Higashiusuki-gunKadokawa Town
    KagoshimaKagoshimaMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021End of application period
    KirishimaMarch 2021, 8-March 20, 2021Because the number of newly infected people is declining
    Aira
    OkinawaNahaMarch 2021, 4-March 12, 2021Transition to a state of emergency
    Nago
    Uruma City
    Okinawa City
    Ginowan City
    Nanjo City
    Urasoe City
    Tomigusuku City
    Itoman
    ShimajiriHaebaru TownMarch 2021, 5-March 1, 2021Additional application (second time)
    ShimajiriYaese Town
    ShimajiriYonabaru Town
    Nakagami-gunNishihara Town
    Nakagami-gunChatan Town
    IshigakiMarch 2021, 5-March 12, 2021Additional application (second time)

    July 2022-December 1

    20221/7, Announced priority measures such as prevention of spread.The period for which priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented is 2022.1/9から1/31∪ 縺 縺 ァ 縲 √ ∪ 縺 縺 Saka 髦 豁Yamaguchi And the area of ​​Okinawa Prefecture (“Public Notice on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases”, Special Issue No. 1 of the Official Bulletin dated January 7, the same year).

    広島県については、対象市町村を、一旦「広島市、大竹市、廿日市市、府中町、海田町」の3市2町とする予定が1月6日に発表されたが、感染の拡大を受けて1月7日に「呉市、竹原市、三原市、尾道市、福山市、東広島市、江田島市、坂町」が追加され1月9日の適用開始時点で10市3町が対象となった[182]..After that, on the 14th of the same month, it expanded to all municipalities in the prefecture.[183].

    On January 2022, 1, due to the explosive increase in the number of infected people, the application of priority measures such as spread prevention was added to the 19 metropolitan area and 1 prefectures for which application was requested.The period is 121/21から2/13Until now, the areas where new priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented are Gunma prefecture, Saitama prefecture, Chiba prefecture, Tokyo metropolitan area, Kanagawa prefecture, etc.Niigata, Aichi prefecture, Mie prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Kagawa prefecture, Nagasaki prefecture, Kumamoto prefecture and Miyazaki prefecture. 1th official bulletin extra issue No. 19).

    On January 2022, 1, there was a high need to analyze and evaluate the infection status and the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system to prevent the re-spread of the infection. Added the application of priority measures such as spread prevention to 25 prefectures and 1 prefectures.The period is 21/27から2/20Until now, the areas where new priority measures such as prevention of spread should be implemented are Hokkaido.Aomori,Yamagata, Fukushima prefecture, Ibaraki prefecture, Tochigi prefecture, Ishikawa prefecture,Nagano, Shizuoka prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture,Shimane , Okayama prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture, Saga prefecture,OitaAnd the area of ​​Kagoshima prefecture.In addition, for Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, and Okinawa prefectures, the period for which priority measures such as prevention of spread, which had been until January 1, should be extended to February 31 (“Priority measures for prevention of spread of new coronavirus infections, etc.” "Public Notice to Change All Public Notices", Special Issue No. 2 of the Official Bulletin dated January 20, the same year).

    On February 2022, 2, Wakayama Prefecture was requested to apply the infection because it is highly necessary to analyze and evaluate the infection status and the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system to prevent the re-spread of the infection. Added the application of priority measures such as prevention of spread.The period is 32/5から2/27Until ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 2 of the Official Bulletin dated February 3, the same year).

    On February 2022, 2, Kochi Prefecture was requested to apply the infection because it is highly necessary to analyze and evaluate the infection status and the burden on the medical care provision system and public health system to prevent the re-spread of the infection. Added the application of priority measures such as prevention of spread.The period is 102/12から3/6Up to.Furthermore, for Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Niigata, Aichi, Mie, Gifu, Kagawa, Nagasaki, Kumamoto and Miyazaki prefectures, until February 2th. The period for implementing priority measures such as prevention of spread has been extended to March 13 ("Public Notice to Change All Public Notices on Priority Measures for Prevention of Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue 3 of the Official Bulletin dated February 6, the same year. issue).

    2022年2月18日、感染状況や医療提供体制・公衆衛⽣体制に対する負荷の状況について分析・評価を⾏い、⼭形県、島根県、⼭⼝県、⼤分県及び沖縄県については、まん延防⽌等重点措置を実施すべき期間とされている2月20⽇限りでまん延防⽌等重点措置を終了し、北海道、⻘森県、福島県、茨城県、栃⽊県、⽯川県、⻑野県、静岡県、京都府、⼤阪府、兵庫県、和歌⼭県、岡⼭県、広島県、福岡県、佐賀県及び⿅児島県については、2月20日まで(和歌山県は2月27日まで)であったまん延防止等重点措置を実施すべき期間を3月6日まで延長した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年2月18日付官報特別号外第16号)。

    2022年3月4日、感染状況や医療提供体制・公衆衛⽣体制に対する負荷の状況について分析・評価を⾏い、福島県、新潟県、長野県、三重県、和歌山県、岡山県、広島県、高知県、福岡県、佐賀県、長崎県、宮崎県及び鹿児島県については、まん延防⽌等重点措置を実施すべき期間とされている3月6日限りでまん延防⽌等重点措置を終了し、北海道、青森県、茨城県、栃木県、群馬県、埼玉県、千葉県、東京都、神奈川県、石川県、岐阜県、静岡県、愛知県、京都府、大阪府、兵庫県、香川県及び熊本県については、3月6日までであったまん延防止等重点措置を実施すべき期間を3月21日まで延長した(「新型コロナウイルス感染症まん延防止等重点措置に関する公示の全部を変更する公示」同年3月4日付官報特別号外第21号)。

    20223/17, Infection status and medical care provision system / infection status and load status on medical care provision system / public health system should be analyzed and evaluated, and priority measures such as spread prevention should be implemented only on March 3st. It was decided that the situation where it is necessary to intensively implement priority measures such as spread prevention will end ("Public Notice Regarding the End of Priority Measures for Prevention of Spread of Coronavirus Infectious Diseases", Special Issue No. 21 of the Official Bulletin dated March 3, the same year. "[184]).

    Announcement of priority measures such as spread prevention (from early January to late March 2022)
    PrefecturesMunicipalities[Annotation 18]periodReason for cancellationRemarks
    HiroshimaHiroshima city[Annotation 19]March 2022, 1-March 9, 2022
    Kure[Annotation 19]
    Takehara[Annotation 19]
    Mihara[Annotation 19]
    Onomichi[Annotation 19]
    Fukuyama City[Annotation 19]
    Higashihiroshima City[Annotation 19]
    Hatsukaichi[Annotation 19]
    Otake City[Annotation 19]
    Etajima City[Annotation 19]
    Fuchu-cho, Aki-gun[Annotation 19]
    Kaita-cho, Aki-gun[Annotation 19]
    Saka-cho, Aki-gun[Annotation 19]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 14, 2022Initially extended to February 1th, instead of January 31st
    Yamaguchi Iwakuni[Annotation 20]March 2022, 1-March 9, 2022
    Kuga-gunWaki Town[Annotation 20]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 1, 2022Initially extended to February 1th, instead of January 31st
    OkinawaThe whole prefecture[Annotation 21]March 2022, 1-March 9, 2022Initially extended to February 1th, instead of January 31st
    Miyako area 2 cities and villages (Miyakojima City,Miyako-gunTarama Village) Except for the entire prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 7, 2022
    GunmaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    SaitamaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    ChibaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    TokyoAll over TokyoMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    KanagawaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    NiigataThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    GifuThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    AichiThe entire prefecture except Toei-cho and Toyone-mura, Kitashitara-gun[Annotation 22]May 2022-June 1, 21
    Toyone Village, Kitashitara District[Annotation 22]May 2022-June 2, 9
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 12, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    MieThe entire prefecture except Owase City, Kitamuro District Kihoku Town, Kumano City, Minamimuro District Mihama Town, and Kiho Town[Annotation 23]March 2022, 1-March 21, 2022
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 31, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    KagawaTakamatsu[Annotation 24]March 2022, 1-March 21, 2022
    Marugame[Annotation 24]
    Sakaide[Annotation 24]
    Zentsuji[Annotation 24]
    Kanonji[Annotation 24]
    Sanuki City[Annotation 24]
    Higashikagawa[Annotation 24]
    Mitoyo[Annotation 24]
    Shodo-gunTonosho Town[Annotation 24]
    Shodo-gunShodoshima Town[Annotation 24]
    Kida-gunMiki Town[Annotation 24]
    Ryuta CountyUtazu Town[Annotation 24]
    Nakatado-gunKotohira Town[Annotation 24]
    Nakatado-gunTadotsu Town[Annotation 24]
    Ryuta CountyAyagawa Town[Annotation 24]March 2022, 1-March 25, 2022
    Nakatado-gunManno Town[Annotation 24]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 2, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    NagasakiNagasaki[Annotation 25]March 2022, 1-March 21, 2022
    Sasebo[Annotation 25]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 26, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    KumamotoThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 21, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    MiyazakiMiyakonojo City[Annotation 26]March 2022, 1-March 21, 2022
    Kitamori PrefectureMiki Town[Annotation 26]
    Miyazaki City[Annotation 27][Annotation 26]
    Nobeoka[Annotation 27][Annotation 26]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 25, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 13st
    HokkaidoAll over HokkaidoMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    AomoriHirosakiMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    YamagataYamagataMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022
    Tsuruoka
    Sakata City
    Higashidagawa-gunMikawa Town
    Higashidagawa-gunShonai Town
    Agai-gunYusa Town
    YonezawaMarch 2022, 2-March 3, 2022
    Higashiokitama-gunTakahata Town
    Tendo cityMarch 2022, 2-March 9, 2022
    FukushimaFukushima[Annotation 28]March 2022, 1-March 27, 2022
    Aizuwakamatsu[Annotation 28]
    Koriyama[Annotation 28]
    Iwaki[Annotation 28]
    Minamisoma City[Annotation 28]
    The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 30, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    IbarakiThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    TochigiThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    IshikawaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    NaganoThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    ShizuokaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    KyotoThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    OsakaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    HyogoThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    Shimane The whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022
    OkayamaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    FukuokaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    SagaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    OitaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022
    KagoshimaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 1-March 27, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 20st
    WakayamaThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 5, 2022Initially extended to February 2th, instead of January 27st
    KochiThe whole prefectureMarch 2022, 2-March 12, 2022

    Shortening business hours

    Request for shortened business hours

    In order to reduce the risk of infection at restaurants, etc., both the emergency declaration and priority measures such as prevention of spread, the prefectural governors who are the targets of the declaration or measures can request restaurants, etc. to shorten their business hours.[3]..It is mainly assumed that the time reduction request will be made by 8:XNUMX pm[6][81] However, it may differ depending on the prefectural governor.[185].

    Business hours reduction order

    When both the emergency declaration and priority measures such as prevention of spread do not comply with the request for shortening business hours, when the prefectural governor who is the target of the declaration or measures finds it particularly necessary to prevent the spread of new influenza etc. It is possible to issue an order to shorten business hours to restaurants, etc.[3]..Mainly assuming time saving orders until 8:XNUMX pm[6][81]SuFineIs also imposed ("#Penalty (fine) provisions(See)[47].

    The Tokyo Metropolitan Government violated the order to shorten business hours based on the Act on Special Measures for New Coronavirus, and said, "We have decided that we should notify you as a fine case because we were not able to respond to repeated requests and orders." 20213/29Issued a notice to the court that a fine should be imposed on 4 restaurants[186]..By July 7, the same year, it was confirmed that the court had decided on a fine of 6 yen for each store.[187].

    In priority measures such as prevention of spread,MiyagiSendai cityFor 15 stores that did not respond to the time saving request without a justifiable reason5/7However, Miyagi Prefecture said, "Because 11 stores violated the order and continued to operate after 8 pm, etc."陦 梧 遘 ゥ 蠎.Weakness of the face14th of the same monthToAdministrative punishmentTo impose a fine of 20 yen or less裁判 所This is the first time in Japan that we have submitted a notice requesting to.

    蟯. After the encounter, 〒 譛. ↓ ↓ 蠢 懊 § 縺 縺 6 ▲ 縺 溘 ◆ √[188].

    Request for leave

    In the state of emergency, in order to reduce the risk of infection at restaurants, etc., the prefectural governor who is the subject of the declaration can request "restriction on the use of facilities" based on Article 45, Paragraph 2 of the Act. Although it is possible to request a closure from restaurants, etc.[3][189]In the priority measures such as prevention of spread, it is only possible to change the business hours, which is a constraint on the business hours that do not lead to the holidays, so it is not possible under the current law to request the holidays.[189][190] However, it is possible for each prefectural governor to request cooperation based on Article 24, Paragraph 9 of the Act, regardless of priority measures such as prevention of spread.[3].

    Leave order

    Similar to the request for leave, in the state of emergency, the governor of the designated prefecture could order the restaurant to take a leave of absence in order to reduce the risk of infection at the restaurant, but the emphasis is on preventing the spread. Measures cannot order leave[190]..However, as will be described later, a request to suspend the provision of alcoholic beverages throughout the day is also possible with priority measures such as prevention of spread.

    Fine sanctions for violations of leave orders were newly established in the 2021 amendment.However, there is no provision to compensate for the leave order, and "the financial measures necessary to support the affected business operator and other necessary measures shall be effectively taken. (Article 63-2 of the Act[3]) Is only specified.

    Time limit for serving alcoholic beverages, etc.

    Different for each prefecture under announcement[191] But avoiding people gathering[192] ∽ ∽ ∽ 縺 笟 穟 詟 ↓ 詟 斐 ▲ 縺 滄 圀 縺 縲 √諢 滓 沒 渺 溘 a[193] It is possible to limit the serving time of alcoholic beverages from 19:21 to XNUMX:XNUMX.[3]..Regarding the provision of alcoholic beverages in the case of application of priority measures such as spread prevention, the government's basic policy was to limit the time from 2021:4 to 16:11 until April 19, XNUMX.[194] However, in the revision on April 4, "At the discretion of the prefectural governor, based on Article 23-31, Paragraph 6 of the Law, alcoholic beverages will be provided to restaurants during the period of emergency measures. Request not[195]Was changed.As a result, many of the priority measures such as prevention of spread were requested to stop the provision of alcoholic beverages.Legally, Article 31-6, Paragraph 1 of the Law[3] "It is possible to request that the measures specified by Cabinet Order be taken as necessary measures to prevent the spread of new influenza, etc. in priority areas that may have a significant impact on the lives of the people and the national economy, such as changes in business hours. In addition, Article 5-5 of the Enforcement Ordinance stipulates measures such as disinfection, and No. 6 stipulates and publicly announces "measures necessary to prevent the spread of new influenza, etc." ".In response to this provision Measures necessary to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus infection and measures necessary to prevent the infection of the same infection (Reiwa April 2, 4 (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Notification No. 7)) Request to suspend the provision of alcoholic beverages by stipulating in Article 1 No. 4 "Provision of alcoholic beverages to those who enter and suspension of provision of places for drinking alcoholic beverages brought in by those who enter" Was given a legal basis.However, it explicitly stipulates the suspension of use of the facility (Article 45, Paragraph 2 of the Law).[3] Some experts say that there is no strong effect, such as the state of emergency, and the specific effect is unknown.[196][197][198][199].

    If you do not comply with the request for priority measures such as spread prevention, Article 31-6, Paragraph 3 of the Act[3] In this case, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government orders both the change of business hours and the suspension of the provision of alcoholic beverages.[200] But Hokkaido[201] Does not provide or bring in alcoholic beverages[202] However, at the stage of ordering, only "business hours are from 20 o'clock to XNUMX o'clock".

    Store name announced

    Store names can be announced at stores that do not respond to short-time business requests (Article 31-6, Paragraph 5, Article 45, Paragraph 5).[203]..Before the revision in 2021, this provision was "publicized" when it did not respond to the request for shortened business hours due to the state of emergency, but by publicizing the store name, "open stores" are announced. However, it was revised because of the harmful effect of gathering people.[203][204].

    Facility use

    譁 蚪 菴 耕 耕 蛛 懈

    In the state of emergency, it is possible to request to stop using the facilities used for events, etc., and if you do not comply, you can issue an order, but you cannot make a request or order with priority measures such as spread prevention.[3][74].

    Request to refrain from going out

    Request to refrain from going out

    Under the state of emergency, Article 45, Paragraph 1 of the Law[3] It is possible to request "Do not go out from the person's home or a place equivalent to it unless it is necessary to maintain a living", but in the case of priority measures such as spread prevention, Article 36-6 of the Act Item 2[3] 縺 縲 梧 sleep 蝙 睙 輔 Ν 輔 聲 峨 諢 滓 沒 縺 諦 豁 踺 蠢 隕 √ ↑ After the r ≧ 縺 薙 → 縺 縺 纺 纘 a 蝣 A 驕 薙 〒 縺 縲 √ ∪ 縺 竦 諦 豁・ 莠 莠 踺 踺 縺 縺 踺 踺 踺 縺 踺 譚After the sequel ▲ ≧ 踺 蟆 surplus 㽦 㽦 㸺 螟 ァ 縺 ↑[123] There are some that say, but it is not always specified legally.[3].

    Ban / order to go out

    Both the declaration of an emergency and the priority measures such as prevention of spread are only requests for going out, and it is not legally possible to do anything that is legally binding to impose sanctions on violators.[123].

    Basic infection control guidelines for governments and facilities under issuance

    The government has put together guidelines on infection control measures in areas under issuance, mainly

    • Request to shorten business hours by 20:19 at restaurants (Providing alcoholic beverages is suspended until XNUMX:XNUMX in the case of priority measures such as prevention of spread, and the state of emergency is suspended all day)[3]
    • Limitation on the number of events in each prefecture[3]
    • Including the installation of acrylic boardGuidelinesThorough adherence to[3]
    • In infected areasmonitoringExpansion of inspection[3]
    • Facilities for the elderlyFrequent inspections for employees, etc.[3]

    Infection control measures that go further than usual basic infection control measures are required.These official names areInfection spread prevention guidelines(Guidelines for Kansen Kakudaiboushi)[3][205].

    Tanka (Tanka) Tanka

    In the state of emergency, if you do not respond to the order of the prefectural governor without a justifiable reason, a fine of 30 yen or less (Administrative punishment) Is imposed[3]..For priority measures such as spread prevention, a fine of 20 yen or less will be imposed.[3][190]..Specifically, it may be imposed when a business such as a restaurant does not respond to the time saving order issued by the prefectural governor "without a justifiable reason".[3]..However, when applying the fines, be careful not to violate the freedom and rights of the people.DissatisfiedIt is also stipulated to guarantee the petition and other rights of relief.[3][74].

    Cooperation money

    At the time of the state of emergencyHours縺 聏 邵 隕 ∬ ∬ ↓ 蠢 懊 § 縺 滄After k[3]..When the priority measures such as spread prevention were announced, the initial policy was to pay a maximum of 1 yen a day, but the amount was reduced to a maximum of 6 yen a day.[6][206]..May vary by prefecture[207]..There are no restrictions as long as the local government uses its own financial resources, but if the subsidy is from the national government, it will be based on the "cooperation request promotion frame" in the temporary grant for regional revitalization for the new coronavirus infectious disease. The amount will be decided bylarge company,中小企业It may differ depending on the business type such as[208].

    When the 2022th wave of 6 issued priority measures such as prevention of spread to Okinawa Prefecture, the problem of short-time cooperation payment was highlighted.This is because the government sets the amount of cooperation money higher for non-certified stores than for stores that have received "third-party certification" for infection control measures from prefectures, etc., so the amount of cooperation money paid by certified stores is higher. Due to the influence of the decrease, complaints erupted that "it is unfair even though we have prepared infection control measures at a high cost".The prefecture is flooded with offers and inquiries saying "I want to return the certification and become a non-certified store."A person in charge of the Cabinet Secretariat explained that the reason for raising the price of non-certified stores was "considering that the business hours are short by one hour and it is not possible to serve alcoholic beverages", but due to concerns about infection to employees, etc. The difference in the amount of payment is the same even when the business is abandoned at a bar or snack that opens at midnight, and people say that it is "unfair".Even if the store continues to operate and opens for an hour longer than a non-certified store, it is not expected to attract customers under the current infection situation, and the country's explanation has increased criticism that "I do not know the actual situation at the site". Are[209][210][211].

    蜊 詥 詥 蟾.蠎 懊 ↓ 蟇 踺 踺 ∬ ㈬ ︶[209]. AlsoFumio KishidaThe prime minister said he would consider reviewing this issue, saying, "I would like to consider whether there is room for improvement."[212].

    Finally, on January 1, the government notified the change of handling, the cooperation fee of the certified store was reviewed, and for the certified store, even if the certification was not declined (return or destruction of the certification sticker, etc.) , If the business is shortened until 12:20 (no liquor is provided) for the entire period, the same amount as the non-certified store will be paid.[213].

    諢 滓 沒 閠 縺 蜈 ・ 髯 "

    It applies not only when a declaration or measures are issued, but also in other cases, but if you refuse to be hospitalized or escape from the hospital, you can impose a fine of 50 yen or less on the infected person.[214], The Infectious Diseases Law was revised accordingly[47][215]縲 Yusa 伜 KU 蚴 縺 ァ 縺 縲 ∝ Current 逋 et al.㸺 㽩 縺 縺 縺 XNUMX j 縺 縺 吶 → 縺 縺 踺 ↓ 縲〕〕〕〕縺 評 ゥ 蜷 ヲ 踺 譁 踺 吶 吶 k 譚 辭 辭 踺 踺 縺 縺 聉 踺 縺 縺 encourage ∝ 豕 踺 踺 踺√ ∵ 悽 莠 豕 √ ◎ 縺 蟄 蝉 踙 d 鬮 倬 薠 縺 縺 ゥ 踺 耕縺 吶 k 縺 縺 縺 踺 ↓ 縲 ∝ 蚕 √ ↑[3][74]..This is a sanction for violating the hospitalization order, but on the contrary, there is no sanction for the administration when the patient cannot be hospitalized even if he / she needs to be hospitalized and the patient has the intention.

    Installation of temporary medical facilities

    During the state of emergency, it was said that temporary medical facilities could be set up, but when the government amendment in 2021 established the Government Countermeasures Headquarters.[Annotation 29]It became possible to install it even during the issuance of priority measures such as prevention of spread.[216].

    Temporary medical facilities are temporarily opened by the prefectural governor (Article 31-2, Paragraph 1) and do not require the private sector to install them.

    According to a Kyodo News report on September 2021, 9, 4 out of 47 prefectures and 20 government-designated cities have "opened or planned to open" temporary medical facilities, etc., and the number of facilities has reached at least 25. Are[217]

    Epidemiological survey

    Not only when the declaration or measures are issued, but also in other cases, the health center will investigate the infection route and check the infection route.Rich contact personIf you refuse to identify or investigate the source of infection, you will be charged a fine of 30 yen or less.[47]. However,PCR testConsidering the possibility of refusal of inspections such as, and the ability of the health center to respond, we decided to do it carefully, show the procedure in an easy-to-understand manner so that the operation can be performed smoothly at the site, and confirm the suitability of the application, such as specific examples of application. We also want to show the judgment material as clearly as possible.[74].

    Secure a bed

    螳 ”險 蜿 Doctor翫 翫 蜈 ・ 諯 "謔" 閠 逞 蠎 翫 聒 菫 昴Unfinished 蜍 ァ 蜻翫 @ 縺 溘 j 縲 √ ◎ After the sale ↓ 蠢 懊 § 縺 縺[47].

    Other

    The government has announced that in areas subject to the declaration or measures, facility employees will be encouraged to undergo inspections and that those who do not take necessary measures to prevent infection, such as wearing masks, will be banned from entering.[6]..However, as a general rule, it is required to obtain the consent of the place of entry and not to exercise physical force even if the consent is not obtained.[74].

    Problems related to movement of people

    Regarding priority measures such as prevention of spread, Musashino City, which is an adjacent target, and Mitaka City, which is not a target,JR Chuo LineMitaka StationThe difficulty of delineating the target area is highlighted, such as the fact that it is divided into north and south, and the number of people is conspicuous on the south side of the target area.[218]..Similar problemsJR Sobu LineTsudanuma Station(Funabashi City / Narashino City)JR Yokohama LineMachida StationIt also occurs in (Machida City, Sagamihara City), etc.[219][220]In particular, the case of Machida Station is divided into Tokyo and Kanagawa prefectures, so it also occurs in the state of emergency.The difficulty of responding to legal requests for facilities that cross prefectural borders is highlighted.[221].

    On the other hand, although the number of people will decrease significantly immediately after the announcement of the measures, there is also the problem that the number of people will increase as the period is extended due to repeated extensions, and the length of the measures is also a major issue. Has become[222]..These events were especially seen during the declaration of an emergency, and a few weeks after the declaration was issued, the number of people returned to the number before the declaration when the number of people began to increase for more than a month. There was also the fact that[223]..In addition, it is said that there is a concern that the number of people will increase significantly after the measures are lifted.[221][224].

    Effect of priority measures such as prevention of spread

    There is controversy over the effectiveness of the declaration or measures.[58]..In Osaka Prefecture, which was the first to be announced, the number of infected people was around 600 at the time of the announcement, but two weeks after it was supposed to be effective, more than 2 infected people were invited to the Diet. There was an opinion that questioned the effect.[58]縺  縲 ∽ ku 譁 ケ 縺 ァ 縺 縺 竦 諦 豁罦 縺 諢 滓 沒 縺 謚 謚 ∴ 1000% 縺 縺 〒 縺 saka ◆ 縺 縺 ≧ 諢 surplus 㽦 XNUMX b 縺 kyu k[225][Detailed information for identifying documents].. In April 2021, Osaka Prefecture declared that it was a priority measure, and both were confirmed to be effective in reducing the number of infected people, but in Tokyo, the speed of infection spread tended to slow down after the declaration, but the effect was clear. Could not be confirmed.In Osaka prefectureMedical pressureIt is thought that the number of people decreased and the infection decreased because the information was transmitted.[226].

    Consider lockdown

    National Governors' Association,Japan Medical AssociationHas summarized the urgent recommendations to the country regarding measures against the new coronavirus, and said that the effect of the state of emergency is diminishing, as a powerful measure to prevent the spread of infection.Lockdown(City blockade) Is requested to be examined.[227][228]

    Possibility of unconstitutional law

    Constitutional scholarTakami victoryIs a time-saving business order due to priority measures such as prevention of spreadUnconstitutionIt points out the possibility of being.Takami says fine sanctions are over-regulated if they can guide businesses to comply with time-saving orders with sufficient support.Article 22 of the Constitution of Japan OfFreedom of choiceof"Freedom of salesIt is said that it may be judged unconstitutional by infringing[229]. Also,Yoshinori KobayashiAlso claim that this measure law is unconstitutional[230][Annotation 30].

    As an overseas exampleSweden TheConstitutionIn Chapter 2, "Basic Freedom and Rights," Article 8 states, "Everyone is protected from the deprivation of freedom by public institutions. In addition, Swedish citizens are also guaranteed the freedom to move and leave the country. Because it is clearly stated, other companies prioritize compliance with the Constitution.EuropeCompulsory practice in many countriesLockdownIt does not adopt policies, but adopts gradual measures against corona infectious diseases that are left to the independence of the people.[231] [232]Is pointed out[Annotation 30].

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Article 32, Paragraph 1 of the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza.It does not require a cabinet meeting because it is the authority of the head of the government countermeasures headquarters (Prime Minister).
    2. ^ Cabinet Order to partially revise the Enforcement Ordinance of the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza (Reiwa 3rd Year Cabinet Order No. 3)[34] Due to the amendment of the Enforcement Ordinance of the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc., "restaurants, coffee shops and other facilities where customers can eat and drink" have been added.
    3. ^ A fine of 30 yen or less is imposed when an emergency is declared, and a fine of 20 yen or less is imposed for "priority measures such as spread prevention".[35].Infectious disease lawWith the revision of, "fine of 50 yen or less" when infected person refuses hospitalization, "fine of 30 yen or less" for those who refuse to investigate at the health center (both)Administrative punishment) Fines will be imposed[35].
    4. ^ Land and buildings cannot be "expropriated" to transfer ownership, but can only be "used" on the premise of return later.
    5. ^ In addition to medicines and foods, medical equipment and fuel are specified in Article 6, Paragraph 2 of the Enforcement Ordinance for Special Measures for New Influenza, etc. It is possible to add at any time.
    6. ^ Since goods are consumed, they are "expropriated" to transfer ownership.
    7. ^ The exclusion of burial prohibition within 24 hours after death (or after death) is not based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc.Infectious disease prevention methodArticle 30 Paragraph 3 (A corpse contaminated with or suspected of being contaminated with a pathogen of an infectious disease such as a first-class infectious disease, a second-class infectious disease, a third-class infectious disease, or a new type of influenza is cremated within XNUMX hours. , Or can be buried.).
    8. ^ a b Karatsu CityAreas excluding the old towns and villages of Hamatama Town, Nanayama Village, Kyuragi Town, Ochi Town, Kitahata Village, Yobuko Town, Chinzei Town, and Hizen Town.That is, the area of ​​Karatsu City before the merger on January 2005, 1.
    9. ^ It is not based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza.
    10. ^ In the 2020 state of emergency, it was stated that it would be implemented (even if it was canceled) from the day of the announcement, and it was unclear at what point on the day of the announcement it would be effective.On the other hand, the 2021 State of Emergency clarified that it will be applied from midnight on that day by setting the period to be implemented from the day after the announcement.Also, in the case of cancellation, the application start date is specified in the announcement of the revision and it is clarified that it is valid until the day before the cancellation.
    11. ^ Basic coping policy for new coronavirus infectious disease countermeasures revised on February 2[140] "From February 2th, based on Article 8, Paragraph 32 of the Law, the areas where emergency measures should be implemented are Saitama prefecture, Chiba prefecture, Tokyo metropolitan area, Kanagawa prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Kyoto prefecture. Change to 3 prefectures of prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture and Fukuoka prefecture "and report to the Diet[141] It also states that "the period for implementing emergency measures will be extended and the area will be changed, and will be applied from February 3, 2rd year of Reiwa."However, the announcement to change all the announcements regarding the state of emergency for the new coronavirus infection dated February 8)[142] There is no description of the date of application, so the cancellation was legally in effect after the announcement on February 2, 2 February 2021, 2 Official Bulletin No. 5.[143] 縺 縺 翫 > 縺 ヲ 縲 ∝ Next 遞 蚱, 縺 翫 → 縺 迫"Diameter"
    12. ^ "Release on February 2" at the Prime Minister's press conference[144]However, because it is consistent with the announcement, this "mote" is understood to mean "limit", so if you say "cancelled on February 2", it will be inaccurate. From March 28st. "
    13. ^ a b The announcement of the end itself does not have this wording, but the coping policy announced on the same day does so.
    14. ^ In the 2020 state of emergency, it was lifted from the day of the announcement, but in 2021, it was terminated when the deadline expired.
    15. ^ Since the state of emergency itself was made on April 4th, and then the applicable prefectures and the period have been changed repeatedly until September 25th, the whole may be regarded as the third time. In the applicable prefecture unit, since there is no target prefecture in the entire period from the end of April to the end of September, it is displayed as the 9rd and 30th.
    16. ^ a b Tokyo special wards
    17. ^ a b c d After July 7, it will be included in all cities and towns in Kanagawa prefecture.
    18. ^ When dealing with all, there are cases where "whole area" is displayed and "all cities, towns and villages" are displayed, but they are unified and displayed as "whole area".
    19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m After January 1th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    20. ^ a b After January 2th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    21. ^ After February 2, Miyako area 7 cities and villages (Miyakojima City,Miyako-gunTarama Village) Is excluded.
    22. ^ a b After January 2th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    23. ^ After January 1th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p After January 2th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    25. ^ a b After January 1th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    26. ^ a b c d After January 1th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    27. ^ a b Although it was not included in the applicable area in the original plan, it was added on the first day of the announcement and became the applicable area on the same day.
    28. ^ a b c d e After January 1th, it will be included in the entire prefecture.
    29. ^ Whether it is a state of emergency or a priority measure such as prevention of spread, it will be possible to issue it after the government countermeasures headquarters is established.
    30. ^ a b However, major mass media have taken these measures.There is almost no report in terms of whether it is unconstitutional or not.

    Source

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    2. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci New influenza measures special measures law - e-Gov Law Search
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    82. ^ About future prefecture's response to the rapid increase in new infections
    83. ^ Okinawa Prefecture Coping Policy for Infection Control (Caution Level XNUMX)
    84. ^ About expansion of priority measures area such as spread prevention
    85. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread in Gunma prefecture to prevent the spread of new coronavirus infection (measures after January 1 (Friday))
    86. ^ Request based on priority measures such as spread prevention
    87. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of the spread of new coronavirus infections
    88. ^ Requests for cooperation based on the Act on Special Measures for New Influenza, etc. (January 4, 1th year of Reiwa)
    89. ^ Kanagawa Prefecture Implementation Policy for Priority Measures such as Prevention of Spread Based on the Special Measures Law
    90. ^ "Sixth wave" state of emergency
    91. ^ Kanagawa Prefecture Implementation Policy for Priority Measures such as Prevention of Spread Based on the Special Measures Law
    92. ^ Requests to businesses and citizens of the prefecture regarding the application of "Priority Measures to Prevent Spread"
    93. ^ Governor Press Conference (January 4, 1th year of Reiwa)
    94. ^ Requests to citizens and businesses due to the application of priority measures such as spread prevention January 4, 1th Reiwa Aomori Prefecture
    95. ^ Request for application of priority measures such as prevention of spread in Yamagata Prefecture
    96. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread in Fukushima Prefecture
    97. ^ Outline of priority measures such as prevention of spread in Hokkaido
    98. ^ About the contents of priority measures such as spread prevention
    99. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread in Tochigi Prefecture
    100. ^ About application of "priority measures such as spread prevention"
    101. ^ Nagano Prefecture's policy for the application of "priority measures such as prevention of spread"
    102. ^ Shizuoka Prefecture's response policy regarding priority measures such as spread prevention based on the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza
    103. ^ Response to rapid spread of infection by Omicron strain (decided on January 4, 1th year of Reiwa)
    104. ^ Request based on priority measures such as spread prevention
    105. ^ Strengthening response to the spread of Omicron strain infection
    106. ^ Requests for shortening business hours to restaurants, etc. and payment of cooperation money
    107. ^ Priority measures to prevent the spread of new coronavirus infections (January 27-February 20, Reiwa XNUMX)
    108. ^ Implementation of priority measures such as prevention of spread
    109. ^ About the 7th time saving request cooperation fund
    110. ^ [Fifth term] About cooperation fee for requesting shortening of business hours to restaurants
    111. ^ [Request for shortening business hours (request for cooperation based on the Special Measures Law)
    112. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread in Fukushima Prefecture
    113. ^ Priority measures such as prevention of spread in Mie Prefecture
    114. ^ Intensive measures to prevent the spread of infection due to the extension of the period of priority measures such as prevention of spread in Yamaguchi Prefecture
    115. ^ Measures during the implementation period of priority measures such as spread prevention (infection spread prevention measures period)
    116. ^ Request to the citizens of the prefecture (February 4, 2th year of Reiwa)
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    118. ^ February 2, 10th year of Reiwa Governor's message (41st Kochi Prefecture New Coronavirus Infectious Disease Control Headquarters Meeting)
    119. ^ Article 32, Paragraph 1 of the Law on Special Measures for New Influenza.
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    149. ^ Official Bulletin dated April 3, 5rd year of Reiwa (Extra Special No. 7) p.41
    150. ^ Official Bulletin dated April 3, 5rd year of Reiwa (Extra Special No. 14) p.42
    151. ^ Declaration of emergency in Hokkaido, Okayama, Hiroshima Change of policy to receive opinions from government and experts -Sankei News February 2021, 5
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    153. ^ Official Bulletin dated April 3, 5rd year of Reiwa (Extra Special No. 28) p.46
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    168. ^ Okinawa Prefecture adds Ishigaki City to the target area for spread prevention. Self-restraint for residents is extended until the end of May. --Okinawa Times + Plus January 2021, 5
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    173. ^ Received designation as a priority measure area such as spread prevention --Gifu Prefecture Official Homepage (Infectious Disease Control Coordination Division)
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    176. ^ "Priority measures to prevent spread" will be applied from 16th in Gunma prefecture --NHK NEWS WEB November 2021, 5
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    181. ^ "Iwaki is designated as an area to prevent the spread of Iwaki. Fukushima Prefecture also requests time-saving sales to the entire area."[Kahoku Shimpo] Dated August 2021, 8
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    184. ^ Special issue of the official bulletin dated August 4, 3rd year, No. 17) p.31
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    186. ^ "Locust plague ∵ 凾 遏 蠢 懊 § 縺 㸺 蠎 踺 評 莠 辭 謇 狗 裹Locust plague”(Japanese). Asahi Shimbun digital. April 2021, 6Browse.
    187. ^ "The capital pays a fine of XNUMX yen for XNUMX stores that refuse to shorten the time. The court decision is the first in Japan.”(Japanese). Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web (September 2021, 7). April 2021, 7Browse.
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    191. ^ "Summary of 18 prefectures of "short-time business cooperation money" for restaurants.Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, etc.”(Japanese). Foodist Media[""] Food Web Magazine. April 2021, 4Browse.
    192. ^ "莠 ャ 驛 sus 蟶 ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ ゑ縺, 縺.”(Japanese). Kyoto City Information Center. April 2021, 4Browse.
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    197. ^ "[End] Tokyo's response during the rebound prevention period (announced on March 3, 3rd year of Reiwa)”(Japanese). Tokyo disaster prevention homepage. April 2021, 4Browse.
    198. ^ "<New Corona> Restaurant business hours relaxed at 9:1 pm 3 Tokyo XNUMX prefectural governors agree to refrain from going out, continue to request: Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web”(Japanese). Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web. April 2021, 4Browse.
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