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😷 | [Breaking News] New Corona XNUMX infected cluster XNUMX cases Oita


[Breaking News] New Corona XNUMX infected cluster XNUMX cases Oita

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We will send you the latest news of Oita prefecture.

Regarding the new coronavirus, Oita Prefecture announced on the XNUMXth that XNUMX new infections were confirmed.New infection... → Continue reading

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    Oita(Oitaken,(British: Oita Prefecture) IsJapan OfKyushu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheOita City.

    High popularity nationwideBeppu hot spring,Yufuin hot springAnd many otherSpaThe number of springs (4,445 places) and the amount of spring water (279,253 liters / minute) are the highest in Japan.[6] ,Oita, the best onsen prefecture in JapanAppealing to hot springs with the catchphrase[7].


    The mountainous area has a large proportion,Kuju Mountain Range, In the southMt. Sobosan-Mt. KatamukiyamaTowers. Of these, the Kuju Mountain RangeNakadakeIs the highest peak of mainland Kyushu. The plain is in the northNakatsu Plain, Of the central partOita PlainIt is distributed in a limited area such as[8].. The coast is from north to westSeto Inland Sea(In the westSuo Nada(Buzen Sea) Facing.In the central partBungo ChannelAcrossShikoku regionIs in contact with theToyo StraitThe width of is about 10 kilometers.SouthernNippo BeachToRias coastIs well developed,Nippo Kaigan Quasi-National ParkYou can enjoy the scenery specified in.

    Edo PeriodWas compiled intoBungo Kunishi"1803) Is famous as the first comprehensive geography.

    Adjacent prefectures


    nature Park

    Seto Inland Sea National Park,Aso Kuju National Park
    Yaba Mita Hikosan National Monument,Grandmother leaning national park,Nippo Kaigan Quasi-National Park
    Kunisaki Peninsula Prefectural Natural Park,Bungo Channel Natural Park,Kakuji Temple Serikawa Prefectural Natural Park,Tsueyama Prefectural Nature Park,Grandmother Prefectural Natural Park


    It is located at the west end of the Seto Inland Sea, and in terms of climate classificationSeto Inland Sea climateFrom the transition type to another type[9].

    There are several ways of thinking about climate classification.

    The Japan Meteorological Agency divides the preliminary warning subdivision area into the following four areas.[10].

    • North(Nakatsu City, Usa City, Bungotakada City, Kunisaki City, Himejima Village)-Although it belongs to the Seto Inland Sea climate, in winterKanmon StraitNorthwest from(I.e.There are many cloudy days under the influence of.
    • Central part(Kitsuki City, Hiji Town, Beppu City, Oita City, Yufu City, Usuki City, Tsukumi City)-Due to the mountains in the northwest, the weather is better in the winter than in the north and west.
    • Western part(Hita City/Kusu Town/Kuju Town/Takeda City)-Located in the inland area,thunderstormThere are many. In the basin from autumn to early winter(I.e.Occurs.
    • Southern(Bungo Ono City, Saiki City)-The warmest and most rainy weather in the prefecture, sometimes heavy rains in the summer. In winter, there are many sunny days.

    There is also the idea of ​​dividing into the following four areas from the two viewpoints of the annual average value of precipitation and the annual change of the number of precipitation days.[9].

    • Setouchi type (I)(Nakatsu Plain, Kunisaki Peninsula and coastal area of ​​Beppu City) -Annual precipitation is 1,800 mm (mm) or less.It tends to be cloudy in winter and often snows.In the summerdroughtIs likely to occur.
    • Setouchi type (II)(Oita City, Mid-Ono River Basin, Usuki City)-Annual rainfall of 1,800 mm or less. The winter weather is relatively good.
    • Kyushu Mountain type(Inland from the western part of the prefecture to the northwestern part)-Annual rainfall of 1,800 mm or more. It exceeds 3,000 mm in mountainous areas. Heavy rains are likely to occur during the rainy season, but the rainfall due to typhoons in the summer is relatively small. In winter, there are many precipitation days and often snowfall.
    • Nankai type(Saiki City south of Tsukumi City, Bungo Ono City)-Annual precipitation of 1,800 mm or more. It exceeds 3,000 mm in mountainous areas. Especially in the summer, it is heavily rained and typhoons often cause heavy rainfall. It is dry and sunny in winter.
    Normal values ​​in various parts of Oita Prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
    Average price
    Northern coastCentral coastSouthern coastInland
    NakatsuBungotakadaKunisaki City
    Kunisaki City
    HitaKusuUsa City
    In the hospital
    TakedaBungo Ono City
    Saiki City
    (° C)
    Warmest month26.9
    Coldest month5.3
    Precipitation amount
    Most months296.9
    Minimum month30.7


    Oita Prefecture has 14 municipalities including 3 cities, 3 districts, 1 towns and 18 village. Read the name of all existing towns and villages as "town" and village as "mura"[Note 2].

    2005From (17)2006Until (18), the so-called "Great Heisei merger, All municipalities except Beppu City, Tsukumi City, Himejima Village, Hiji Town, Kuju Town, Kusu Town have merged, and the number of municipalities is2004(平成16年)12月31日までの58から、姫島村を除く東国東郡4町が合併して国東市が発足した2006年(平成18年)3月31日時点で、18へと大幅に減少した。これは九州で最も少なく、全国でも4番目に少ない[12]..The number of towns (3 towns) and the number of towns and villages (4 towns and villages) are the smallest in 47 prefectures.[13].

    Below, the municipalities are described under the jurisdiction of the six Regional Development Bureaus.

    Chubu area
    Eastern region
    Northern region
    Western region
    Southern region
    • Saiki City(Kyushu's largest area, Kyushu's easternmost point)
    Hohi area

    The disappeared county

    The counties that disappeared after the "Heisei Great Merger". When the county itself has disappeared, a link is added to the county name.



    At the Dainofu Ruins of Ono Town (now Bungo Ono City)1981Excavated in (Showa 56)Naumann ElephantFangs etc.fossilHowever, it was cut with something like a sharp blade, and it was speculated that it indicates that a human and an animal had encountered each other.For this reason, it is believed that people began to live 3 years ago.[14].

    2001(13) In May, about 5 to 6,000 years ago from Oita City (Jomon PeriodEarly) processed prismatic timber (3.4 meters long, 18 centimeters on a side) was excavated.This timber is considered to be the oldest building material in Japan[15].

    Ancient times

    The current prefecture name of Oita prefecture is ancientKokufuThe name "Oita" comes from Oita-gun, whereA sound flightIt is a type of "Okita" that was transcribed. Furthermore, regarding the origin of the name of Oita-gun,Bungo Country Culture]Emperor KageyukiWhen he visited this place, he was admired and named, "Various Ya, this county. HoweverOita PlainSince it is not vast, it is a common theory in recent years that the "Takida" that turned into "Oita" in turn described the appearance of many rice fields in a narrow and complicated terrain.[16][17].

    In ancient times, the whole prefecture and the eastern part of Fukuoka prefectureToyokuniIs called around the end of the 7th centuryBuzen CountryBungoWas divided intoRitual systemUnder both, Buzen and Bungo are bothUpper country-Distant countryWas taken.

    中 世

    Kamakura PeriodToOtomoIn BungoGuardianIt became.Muromachi PeriodMr. Otomo, who was appointed as a guardian,Otomo Kyushu questionMr. ShibaWas helped by Takasaki Yamashiro, but was initially struggled by the forces of the South. Mr. Otomo developed into the guardian daimyo and the Sengoku daimyo by controlling the southern dynasty that weakened the power by the unification of the north and south dynasties.

    Mr. OtomoSengoku periodThe 21st generationYoshitomo Otomo (Sorin)The heyday was reached. Sorin protects six Kyushu countries andKyushu questionWas appointed to control most of Kyushu. Also,clear,PortugalWithtransactionActively,Fuchu(Currently Oita City)NanbanCulture has blossomed. Actively protects Christianity and believes that the number of believers in Bungo has exceeded 3[18].. Sorin himself was baptized in his later yearsChristian daimyoIt became.

    But Otomo1586The invasion of Mr. Shimazu (Tensho 14) (Toyosato battle), etc.1593(2nd year of Bunroku)Yoshitomo OtomoWas reorganized and the rule by Mr. Otomo came to an end.

    The early modern period

    Edo Period, In the area corresponding to this prefectureNakatsu,Kitsuki,sunrise,Fuchu(Oita),Usuki,Saeki,hill(Takeda),Woods(Of Kusu)The eight domains are separatedAt the same time, Hita'sShogunateHave jurisdiction overNishikuni-suji-gun OfRepresentative officeIs placed in various placesHigo,Nobeoka,ShimabaraThe territory of the clan was also scattered. For this reason, a large city was not formed, but instead it has distinctive featurescultureWas born. In the area that was the castle town of each clan, there are many places where samurai residences still remain.

    3rd year of peace (1803) Completed topographyBungo KunishiIsKunisaki,Hayami-gun,Oita-gun,Kaifu-gun,Ono-gun,Naoiri-gun,Kusu-gun,Hita-gunThe history and geography from ancient times to the early modern ages are briefly described for the 8 counties.



    Oita Prefecture has a total population of 1,107,823 (as of June 2022, 7), out of 1 prefectures.IshikawaIt is the 33rd place after. Also,OkinawaIt is located in the 7th place in 5 prefectures in Kyushu excluding. 42.7% of the total population is concentrated in Oita City, where the prefectural capital is located.

    Oita Prefecture and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Oita Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
    Green-All over Japan

    Changes in the population of Oita prefecture
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


    Population by municipality (Estimated population, As of June 2022, 8)
    Ranking市町村Population (people)Local government typeRemarks
    1Oita City474,567CityCore city
    2Beppu113,759CityInternational Tourism and Culture City
    4Saiki City64,600City
    5Hita City60,952City
    6Usa City51,392City
    7Usuki City34,758City
    8Bungo Ono City32,531City
    11Hiji Town27,495town
    12Kunisaki City25,320City
    16Kusu Town13,848town
    17Kuju Town8,202town
    18Himejima village1,616village


    Prefectural government

    Successive governors (public election)

    Unique measures

    Pediatric emergency telephone consultation business
    Telephone consultation for pediatric emergency The evening reception of the "pediatric emergency telephone consultation business" is accepted until 8:31 the next morning. This is the latest time among the XNUMX prefectures implementing the project, along with Osaka prefecture (2006(As of July 18, 7).

    National politics

    House of Representatives OfSmall districtIt is,District 1,District 2,District 33 wards.House of CouncilorsThe electoral district isOita Prefectural constituency(One person) Is configured.

    Economic and industrial

    26 (2014The prefecture's gross product is 4 billion yen.[21].. This is the majority of countries in the worldGDP Larger than (GDP)[22].. The breakdown of GDP in the prefecture is 910 billion yen (2.2%) in the primary industry, 1 billion yen (1974%) in the secondary industry, and 28.9 billion yen (2%) in the tertiary industry. Prefectural income per capita is 8154 million yen[21].

    Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

    Morihiko HiramatsuAdvocated by the prefectural governorOne Village One Product MovementIs trying to produce specialty products in various places[23].

    In agricultural products,Dried shiitake mushroomsas well as the PumpkinIs known as a special product with the highest production volume in Japan[24].. Among the dried shiitake mushrooms, especially the donko, which is highly prized as a luxury item and has a star-shaped crack on the surface, is a special product.[25].. The amount of vegetables produced is as follows: white onions (39.0 billion yen), onions (31.0 billion yen), tomatoes (28.0 billion yen), strawberries (26.0 billion yen) and fruit trees.Pear(30.4 billion yen),Grape(22.8 billion yen),House mandarin orange(¥16.6 billion) followed by Cabosu (¥11.3 billion) (FY2014)[26].

    The fisheries industry is mainly middle- and high-class seafood, and as a result, sea surface production is 23rd in Japan, while sea surface production is 10th. EspeciallyAki Seki,Saba,Karei CastleIs known as a brand fish. Aquaculture is popular in the southern part of the prefecture, where the Rias coast is located.Yellowtail(15,668 tons, second place in Japan),Greater Amberjack(3,488 tons, second place in Japan),Bluefin tuna(1,656 tons, second place in Japan),Bastard halibut(660 tons, second in the country) etc. are produced[26].

    In livestock, dairy farming is carried out in areas such as the Kuju Plateau, and depending on the season, it can be seen from the highway that it is grazing.Milk and its processed products are also in circulation.As a brand cowBungo beefThere is.


    Oita City during the period of high growthNew industrial cityReceiving designationOita Seaside Industrial AreaWas formed.In recent years, in Oita City and around Oita AirportElectronics industryIn the northern part of the prefecture, along with the neighboring eastern part of Fukuoka prefecture, automobile-related companies are concentrated.Therefore, compared to the national averageHigh proportion of secondary industry[Note 4].


    Oita Prefecturenatural energyThe self-sufficiency rate is 30.1%, the highest in all prefectures nationwide[28].Hatchohara Power StationAnd 3 other commercial locationsGeothermal power plantUtilization of geothermal energy is progressing, such asGeothermal power generationThe main factor is that the power generation amount is the highest in Japan.

    Major companies with bases in the prefecture

    Major companies headquartered in the prefecture

    Construction industry
    Manufacturing industry
    Electricity, gas, heat supply, water supply industry
    Wholesale trade
    • Astem(Oita City)-Pharmaceutical wholesaler, 1st place in sales in the prefecture
    • Kyushu Energy(Former Oita Kyushu Sales)-Oil wholesaler, sales 26th in the prefecture
    • San Daiko(Oita City)-Specialty chemical wholesaler, 16th in sales in the prefecture
    • Higashikyushu Oil(Oita City)-Oil wholesaler, sales 19th in the prefecture
    • cotta(Tsukumi City) --Food wholesale
    Retail trade
    • Joyful(Oita City)-Holding company, sales rank 13th in the prefecture
    Financial industry
    • Aussie(Oita City)-Total credit sales, 7th in sales in the prefecture
    • Oita card(Oita City)-Credit card, 21st place in sales in the prefecture
    • Jay lease(Oita City)-Rent debt guarantee, listed on the First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange
    Transportation industry
    • Usuki Transport(Usuki City)-Land transportation, sales 30th in the prefecture
    • FIG(Oita City)- Mobile createListed on the First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange

    Major companies with base offices in the prefecture

    Life and transportation




    Railway line

    JR lineThere are 4 routes.Private railway,Third sector railwayDoes not exist, but in BeppuKinki Nippon Railway(Kintetsu) operated by Kintetsu Beppu RopewayCable carOperated by Beppu Ropeway Line and Okamoto FactoryCable carThere are two lines, the Beppu Lactench Cable Line.The number of regular trains in the prefecture is less than one per hour except in other metropolitan areas.

    Past railway lines (Waste line

    Bus operator

    Oita Transportation (including consolidated subsidiaries) in the northern part of the prefecture such as Beppu City and Nakatsu City centering on Oita CityKamenoi Bus, Saiki City, Taketa City, etc. in the southern part of the prefectureOita Bus(Including consolidated subsidiaries), in western prefectures such as Hita CityHita BusHas a route network.These companiesWest Japan RailwayHas a capital relationship with. In addition, business operators outside the prefectureKyushu Sanko Bus(Kyushu Crossing BusEtc.) of Fukuoka PrefectureNishitetsu bus(Around Hita city, formerly also in Nakatsu city) has a route.


    High standard highway
    Oita Expressway,Higashikyushu Expressway(Usa Beppu Road
    Regional high standard road
    Nakatsu Hita Road,Oita Airport Road(Hiji bypass),Oita Central Highway,Nakakyushu crossing road
    National road
    National Route 10,National Route 57,National Route 197,National Route 210,National Route 211,National Route 212,National Route 213,National Route 217,National Route 326,National Route 386,National Route 387,National Route 388,National Route 442,National Route 496,National Route 500,National Route 502
    Prefectural road
    List of prefectural roads in Oita PrefectureSee


    From the north side to the east side of the prefecture, it faces the sea and many ports are set up.Also,Bungo ChannelA route connecting Kyushu and Shikoku, and a route connecting Kyushu and Honshu pass through the Seto Inland Sea. Manned remote islands are also scattered throughout the prefecture, and liners come and go.

    Medical and welfare

    Disaster base hospital
    Oita disaster base hospital
    Licensed Nursery School
    List of Oita Preschools


    Facilities other than school education

    Mass media

    News (Chinese)
    Radio stations

    NHK-FM's master station transmission station is in Beppu CityJumonji ViewpointHowever, the main relay station of FM Oita's master station and FM complementary broadcasting of OBS Radio is in Oita City across the city of Oita.YokoeyamaIt is installed in.

    TV station

    The master station transmission station for digital TV is located in the same Jumonji viewpoint as NHK-FM.

    Oita Prefecture has invested in OBS and OAB out of three commercial television stations. In OAB, there are areas where relay stations are not maintained, butCable TVIn some areas, it is being rebroadcast.

    Cable tv station



    In most parts of the prefectureToyoichi dialectBelongs toOita valveIs spoken. The Oita dialect is divided into five categories: Tohoku Coast dialect, Southern Coast dialect, Western dialect, Northern dialect, and Southern dialect.[32], Of the northern dialects,Nakatsu dialect, Of the western dialects,Hita dialectCalled. Nakatsu dialectFukuoka PrefectureIsKitakyushu dialectThe boundary between and is ambiguous, and the Western dialect including Hita dialectFukutsu dialectIs greatly affected.

    Food culture:

    local cuisine

    Traditional crafts

    Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
    Beppu bamboo work(Bamboo work,1979
    Traditional crafts


    サ ッ カ ー
    Bicycle road race
    A sports club based in Oita prefecture in the past
    • Ehime Orange Vikings --From 2005-06 to 2015-16 season, "Oita Heat DevilsOita Ehime Heat Devils(2015-16 season only. Double franchise system with Ehime prefecture) "based in Oita prefecture,bj leagueWas participating in.

    Regular sports events

    Sports events held in the past


    Public competition


    Sights and historic sites

    Shrines and temples



    Works set in Oita Prefecture

    Including works that appeared in some scenes.





    Manga anime


    Person from


    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ a b Adjacent across the sea.
    2. ^ Of the towns and villages that disappeared due to the "Great Heisei Consolidation," Kakaji Town (currently Bungotakada City), Kunimi Town (currently Kunisaki City), Shonai Town, Yufuin Town (currently Yufu City), and Kamae Town (currently Saiki). City) was read as "cho", Naokawa village (currently Saiki city) was read as "son", and other than that, town was read as "town" and village was read as "mura".[11].
    3. ^ after that,1896(29th year of Meiji)3/29In FukuokaJomoThe eastern part of the Yamakunigawa tributary of Takahama village's small congratulations was transferred to Nakatsu village, Shimoge District, and became the current prefecture area.[19].
    4. ^ Gross domestic product 26.2% (2015)[27] Against 28.9% (FY2014)[21].


    1. ^ a b About Oita prefecture emblem and prefecture flag Oita
    2. ^ a b c Oita prefecture symbol Oita
    3. ^ Yuru characters are not the only prefectures. What do you think of the prefectural certificate <Okinawa prefecture-Yamaguchi prefecture> - Eki Levi! April 2013, 1
    4. ^ "Q&A about citizens' day”. Shizuoka Prefecture (September 2015, 9). April 2017, 4Browse.
    5. ^ ""Citizen's Day" Saitama and Ibaraki are closed and Oita is "nothing" This difference...". J Town Net Ibaraki (September 2013, 11). April 2017, 4Browse.
    6. ^ "Hot spring data”(Japanese). Oita homepage. April 2021, 3Browse.
    7. ^ Oita Prefecture's "Onsen Prefecture" trademark registration application Oita Prefecture, November 2012, 11
    8. ^ Oita Prefecture Nature and Climate Topography and Geology Oita
    9. ^ a b Red Data Book Oita 2011 Nature of Oita Prefecture Climate and Hydrology of Oita Prefecture (PDF) Oita
    10. ^ Climate characteristics of Oita prefecture Oita Local Meteorological Observatory
    11. ^ Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary Compilation Committee, "Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary 44 Oita Prefecture"Kadokawa Shoten, October 1980
    12. ^ Local autonomy system | Wide area administration/Municipal merger Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
    13. ^ Number of towns and villages by prefecture National Council of Councilors
    14. ^ Munetoshi Goto “Formation and Development of Toyokuni” Kanzo Toyoda, Munetoshi Goto, Kenji Iinuma, Toshito Suehiro “History of Oita Prefecture” Yamakawa Publishing,2002, Page 10
    15. ^ Is it a hoso hole?キ ツ ツ キThe mystery of Japan's oldest "construction material": From excavation survey around Yokoo Kaizuka, Oita City (6th historic site) Architectural Magazine 117(1495), 058, 2002-11-20, Japanese Architecture Society
    16. ^ Origin of prefecture name Oita
    17. ^ Reference casebook> References related to Oita Prefecture> I would like to know the origin of the prefecture name of "Oita Prefecture". Oita Prefectural Library
    18. ^ Bungo Christian History Catholic Diocese of Oita
    19. ^ Appendix 1 History of the prefecture's jurisdiction Oita
    20. ^ Kyushu and Shikoku.Heavy rain in the Chugoku region (September 18, 9 Mainichi Shimbun (Osaka, evening edition)) "Showa News Dictionary Vol. 21 8 / 17" p20 Mainichi Communications 225
    21. ^ a b c FY26 prefectural economic calculation
    22. ^ World Nominal GDP (US$) Ranking
    23. ^ Kazuo Hachiman, "47 Prefectural Encyclopedia," p. 219
    24. ^ Oita Prefecture's No. XNUMX in Japan Oita
    25. ^ Beautiful Japanese shiitake mushrooms created by climate and people SHUN GATE
    26. ^ a b Agriculture, forestry and fisheries in Oita Prefecture (PDF) Oita
    27. ^ National Accounts (GDP Statistics) Cabinet Office
    28. ^ Renewable energy: 100 municipalities with over 100% self-sufficiency of electricity, Oita prefecture ranked first by prefecture Smart Japan, April 2016, 4
    29. ^ 100 billion companies 3 companies increase FY16 Oita Godo Shimbun, October 2017, 10 (same below)
    30. ^ Kuju Youth House Oita Prefectural Board of Education
    31. ^ Kakaji Youth House Oita Prefectural Board of Education
    32. ^ "Descriptive Study of Japanese Dialects", National Institute of Japanese Languages, 1959, pp.241-242

    Related item


    外部 リンク

    Kitsuki Prefecture-Hiji prefecture-Prefecture-Saiki-
    Usuki Prefecture-Oka prefecture-Mori Prefecture
    Hita PrefecturePart of (Bungo
    FukuokaA part of
    (Buzen CountryShimoge-Usa-gun
    Changes in administrative districts
    1871 -
    Next generation


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