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😷 | 274 confirmed infections in Niigata Prefecture New coronavirus surpassing the same day of the previous week for 3 consecutive weeks


Confirmed infection of 274 people in Niigata Prefecture New coronavirus surpassing the same day of the previous week for 3 consecutive weeks

If you write the contents roughly
On the 7th, 274 new coronavirus infections were confirmed in Niigata prefecture.

Is it a sign of re-expansion in Niigata Prefecture?On the 7th in Niigata prefecture, 274 new coronavirus infections were confirmed ... → Continue reading

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    New coronavirus infection


    Niigata(Niigata Prefecture,(British: Niigata Prefecture) IsJapan OfPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheNiigata.


    HonshuIt is located in the north-central part of the country and has an elongated area from northeast to southwest. Remote island OfSado Island-AwashimaAlso has.

    areaIs about 12,584 km2And then 47Prefectures5th among them.coastalThe length of the line is about 634.0 kmIs[Note 1][2].

    populationIs about 220 million people, 47th out of 15 prefectures (2019At the time of estimation)[3].. Detail is"#populationSee below in the section.

    Classification within the prefecture

    From a geographical point of view, the prefecture is generally as follows:Joetsu region-Chuetsu region-Shimoetsu district-Sado regionIt is roughly divided into 4 areas[4].

    Detail is"#areaSee below in the section.

    Major cities

    maincityAs,populationThe top three cities are as follows.These are also the largest cities in each region.

    In addition, in descending order of populationShibata City-Sanjo City-Kashiwazaki-Tsubame City-Murakami City-Minamiuonuma City-Sado City-TokamachiEtc. (Population of 5 or more.2021As of January 1st)[5].

    Detail is"#CitySee below in the section.


    The prefecture name isPrefectural office locationIsNiigataDerived from.

    Ancient timesIsVietnamIt was the territory of (Koshinokuni).

    Goki ShichidoInHokuriku RoadOccupies the eastern half ofRegulatory countryIn (old country)Echigo country(Echigo no Kuni) andSadoIt corresponds to the whole area of ​​the two countries.Together with this country nameKoshisaSometimes called (Essa)[6].

    Meiji RestorationAbandoned DomainImmediately after, there are as many as 13 in the area that corresponds to the current Niigata prefecture.Clan,PrefectureWas standing side by side[7]..Later, through integration,1876(MeijiBy 9 years) with Niigata prefecture (old)Kashiwazaki PrefectureAikawa PrefectureBy merging the three prefectures with, it became an area almost equal to the current Niigata prefecture.[7].

    And1886(Meiji 19)FukushimaからHigashikanbara-gunTo Niigata PrefectureTransferBy doing so, the current shape of Niigata Prefecture was established.[7].

    Detail is"#historySee section.

    Prefecture badge

    The prefectural emblem is the one in which the word "new" is broken is placed on the center, and the area around it is surrounded by a round design of "play". In addition to the prefecture emblem, a symbol mark has also been established.

    Adjacent prefectures

    Adjacent to the following 5 prefectures.


    Topographic map around the Echigo Plain
    Topographic map around the Echigo Plain

    Terrain / topography

    NorthwestSea of ​​JapanFacing.From northeast to southwestAsahi mountain area-Echigo mountain range-Kukujo mountain massSurrounded by mountains such as, with other prefecturesPrefectural borderTo form.

    Flowing from the Echigo MountainsShinano River,Agano RiverIn the basin (central and northern part of the prefecture),Echigo PlainSpreads[8]..Shinano River is the longest in JapanRiverIs[9]..Echigo Plain is the second largest in JapanAlluvial plainIs[10],Sea of ​​Japan coast Of平野Is the largest[8].

    またKukujo mountain mass OfYakeyamaFlow fromSekigawaIn the basin (western part of the prefecture)Takada PlainSpreads[11][12].

    Main mountains and hills
    Echigo mountain range,Mikuni Mountains,Hida Mountains,Asahi mountain area,Mt. Iidesan Land,Mt. Kushigatayama vein,Kukujo mountain mass,Eastern cervical castle hills,Uonuma Hills,Niitsu Hills
    Main mountain
    Mt. Myokosan,Mt. Hakai,Mt. Makihatayama,Mt.,Mount Kinjo,Mount Sakado,Mt.,Mt. Uonuma Komagatake,Mt. Kinpokusan,Mt. Niigatayakeyama,Mt. Yoneyama,Mt. Naebayama,Small lotus flower mountain,Mt. Hiuchiyama,Mt. Iidesan,Mt. Sumondake,Mt. Gozusan,Mt. Ninoujidake,Mt. Nakanodake,Mt. Hiragatake,Mt. Yukikuradake,Mt. Asahidake,Mt. Saburyuyama,Tanigawadake
    Main pass
    Yasurigoe,Sixty-seven crossings,Mikuni Pass,Shimizu Pass,Sozatoge Pass,Kuzuha Pass,Nojiri slope pass
    Main plains
    Echigo Plain,Takada Plain,Kuninaka Plain
    Main basin
    Uonuma Basin,Tokamachi basin
    Main river
    Shinano River,Agano River,Shibukai River,Uono River,Arakawa,Sanmen River,Sekigawa,Himekawa,Kofu River,Igarashi River
    Main lakes and lagoons
    Lake Kamo,Hyoko,Okutadami Lake,Fukushimagata,Toriya Nogata,Sagata
    Main manned islands
    Sado Island,Awashima


    nature Park

    Bandai Asahi National Park,Oze National Park,Joshinetsu Kogen National Park,Myoko Togakushi Mountains National Park,Chubu Mountain National Park
    Yahiko Sado Mt. Yoneyama National Monument,Echigo Miyama Tadami Quasi-National Park
    Uonuma Mountain Range Prefectural Nature Park

    City park

    Echigo Hillside National Government Park


    The whole prefectureSea of ​​Japan side climateBelongs toHeavy snowfallReceived designation (some special heavy snowfall areas).In winterDaylight hoursIs short and there are many cloudy days, but the sunshine hours from late spring to early autumn are longer than in the Pacific region, and there are many sunny days.[13].

    Flowing in the Kaetsu regionAgano RiverOn the west sideclimate-Climate Hokuriku regionMold, on the east sideTohoku regionBe a type[8].

    It can be said that the amount of snowfall and snowfall in the mountains is one of the best in the world.Tsunan Town,Tokamachi,Uonuma CityIn such areas, the average snow depth exceeds 2 m even in urban areas, and Tokamachi CityMatsunoyamaIn, snow depths over 4 m are often observed.[14]. Also,Joetsu CityItakura WardIt is said that there was a snow depth of 1927 cm in February 2 in the village of Mt.[15]..On the other hand, the amount of snow in the coastal area is relatively small, and there is an urban area in the coastal area.NiigataChuo,KashiwazakiIn the center of Japan, there are some years when the snow depth is 1 to several centimeters even in January.[14](Detail isGeography of Niigata City # Snow(See)

    summer OftemperatureIs high, with average warmest months of 24-26 in many areas It enters the range of, and the latitude is low around 2 degrees.Kanto regionIs close to[13].typhoonIn the seasonFern phenomenonAt times, we may observe high temperatures that seem to be abnormal. On September 2020, 9Sanjo City,Wombai cityIn addition to observing the highest temperature in Japan above 9 ° C in September, on August 40, 2019,Itoigawa,Sado CityThe lowest temperature did not fall below 30 ° C at multiple points in the prefecture, such as Aikawa, and the highest temperature in Japan was recorded.

    Sado IslandThen, it will be more strongly influenced by the ocean.The average monthly temperature of Aikawa is 4.0 ℃, which is warmer than that of the mainland of Niigata prefecture (mainland).TeradomariIs 2.6 ° C).The warmest monthly average temperature is about 25 to 26 ° C, which is the same level as the mainland side.Oceanic climateThe daily range of temperature is small because it is strongly affected by the above, and the average maximum temperature is below 30 ° C.

    Under the jurisdiction of the Japan Meteorological AgencyTokyo District Meteorological ObservatoryunderNiigata Local Meteorological ObservatoryIt is a forecasting central government office that controls the four prefectures of Hokuriku.In seasonal forecasts, etc., it is treated as "Hokuriku region" or "Eastern Hokuriku".

    Normal values ​​in various parts of Niigata Prefecture (Statistical period: 1991-2020)[Note 2], Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
    Average price
    Joetsu City
    Joetsu City
    Joetsu City
    ItoigawaMyoko City
    TsunanYuzawaTokamachiUonuma City
    Uonuma City
    (° C)
    Warmest month26.0
    Coldest month2.9
    Precipitation amount
    Most months358.0
    Minimum month88.4
    Average price
    Aga Town
    Wombai city
    (I.e.Awashimaura Village
    Sado City
    Sado City
    Sado City
    Sado City
    Sado City
    (° C)
    Warmest month25.6
    Coldest month2.1
    Precipitation amount
    Most months222.8
    Minimum month85.2
    Snowfall and snowfall in each area[16]
    Japan Meteorological Agency 1991-2020 Climatological NormalPrefecture 1994-2019 average value
    Observation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snowObservation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snow
    Yasuka799 cm174 cmItoigawa279 cm62 cm
    (I.e.413 cm96 cmNorth castle413 cm91 cm
    Nou505 cm94 cmSatoshi Nakane934 cm184 cm
    Sekiyama1061 cm204 cmMyoko Kogen1471 cm260 cm
    Tsunan1301 cm271 cmKakizaki206 cm45 cm
    Yuzawa1054 cm208 cmYuzawa1320 cm245 cm
    Tokamachi967 cm217 cmMatsunoyama
    * Missing data in 2005
    1397 cm297 cm
    Koide900 cm207 cmMinami Uonuma889 cm188 cm
    Guardian1243 cm--Ojiya665 cm143 cm
    Kashiwazaki290 cm51 cmTochio670 cm130 cm
    Nagaoka477 cm89 cmNagaoka416 cm85 cm
    Xinjin249 cm43 cmSanjo259 cm53 cm
    Niigata139 cm32 cmNiigata131 cm30 cm
    Tsugawa658 cm109 cmShibata244 cm48 cm
    Shimonoseki519 cm86 cm(I.e.223 cm46 cm
    Aikawa67 cm15 cmRyotsu156 cm29 cm
    Cumulative amount of snowfall: The total amount of snowfall per day for the entire season (normal value)
    Deepest snow: Maximum snow depth of the season (normal value)
    Coldest month temperature: Average temperature in the coldest month (January) (normal value)
    * For comparison with other prefectures, see "Geography of Niigata City # Snow""Snowfall #Record of snowfall (Japan)""Snow cover # Deepest snow cover average and extremumSee each article.


    As a regional division within the prefecture,Joetsu region,Chuetsu region,Shimoetsu district,Sado regionHow to divide into four is pervasive[17]..In addition to being used in newspapers, television, and prefectural public relations back numbers, it may also be used as a reference material for elementary school social studies in Niigata Prefecture.[Note 3].

    Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThese four regions are also reported, and weather warnings and warnings are further detailed in 4 regions.[Note 4] Will be announced every[18].

    In addition, in Niigata Prefecture, the area around Sanjo City and Tsubame City, which is generally located near the boundary between the Chuetsu region and the Kaetsu region,Central prefecture areaIn the Chuetsu regionMinamiuonuma City,Ojiya,TokamachiAroundUonuma area, In the Shimoetsu districtAgano RiverNorthAgakita,Prefecture northSometimes called.


    Within the prefecture2000(HeiseiAt the stage of 12, there were 112 municipalities (at that time).Hokkaido,NaganoNext to the third place in Japan).HoweverGreat Heisei mergerBy2010By April (22), there are 4 municipalities.

    As for the counties, all are in the state of only one town and village, except that Iwafune-gun has two villages.

    There are the following 20 cities, 9 counties, 6 towns and 4 villages.[17].. All towns are read as "towns" and all villages are read as "mura."

    Joetsu region

    Chuetsu region

    Shimoetsu district

    Sado region

    Wide administrative area

    1969FormulationNew National Comprehensive Development PlanA wide-area living area (wide-area municipal area) starting from (New Zenso) was set as 14 area (initially 12 area) in Niigata prefecture, and became a wide-area administrative unit.[19].Great Heisei mergerSince then, the example of becoming one city within the area has appeared, so the breakdown is 9 regional administrative areas and 5 cities,Cooperation Central urban area plan-Sedentary areaMany were disbanded due to the appearance of a new system such as a concept[20](In the case of one city in the area, the area name isItalic ).


    Meiji period population

    The most populous prefecture

    Niigata PrefectureOnce the largest population in JapanPrefectureMet..The range of this prefecture is almost the same as the present1874(MeijiFrom 7 years)1896Over the 29 years up to (Meiji 23), the population of this prefecture changed from about 140 million to 170 million statistically, and in 8 years excluding 15 years, it had the largest number of inhabitants in all prefectures.[21][22].

    Specifically, in 1874, Niigata Prefecture (the jurisdiction at that time wasJoetsuOnly)Kashiwazaki Prefecture(The jurisdiction isJoetsu-Chuetsu),Echigo countryAfter having jurisdiction over almost the entire area, in 1876Aikawa Prefecture(Sado IslandThe whole area of) was merged.This prefecture has the largest population in the last three years[22].

    Returned after giving up the most to Ishikawa Prefecture

    However, the next1877From (Meiji 10)1881For up to 5 yearsIshikawa ToyamaThe entire area ofFukui OfReihoku region"Oishikawa PrefectureWas[Note 5] Therefore, the 1st place was handed over to Ishikawa Prefecture.[22].

    After that, Fukui and Toyama prefectures became independent one after another from Ishikawa prefecture.[Note 6]As the population of Ishikawa Prefecture became smaller,1882From (Meiji 15)1883Niigata Prefecture became the largest number until (Meiji 16)[22].

    Returned after giving up the most to Osaka Prefecture

    But next time1884From (Meiji 17)1886In the three years until (Meiji 19),Osaka NaraWas annexed the whole area of[Note 7] Therefore, the 1st place was handed over to Osaka Prefecture.[22]..In 1886Higashikanbara-gun(CurrentAga Town)ButFukushimaWith the transfer from Niigata Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture, the scope of this prefecture has become the same as it is today.

    After that, Nara prefecture became independent from Osaka prefecture, and the population of Osaka prefecture became smaller.1887Niigata Prefecture kept the most for 20 consecutive years from (Meiji 1896) to 10.[22].

    Give up the most to Tokyo Prefecture

    But,1897(Meiji 30)Tokyo(CurrentTokyo) Was the largest, and the population of this prefecture was never the largest after that.[22].

    Factors with a large population

    ModernPrevious JapanUrbanizationHas not progressed, and nearly 9% of the inhabitantsAgriculture:The life was made up by.for that reason,Rice cultivationVast suitable forEchigo PlainHoldingYieldNiigata Prefecture, which has a large population, had a high ability to recharge the population.[23].

    さ ら に19st centuryThe previous means of transportationShippingIs the mainstream, especially this prefecture is in contactSea of ​​JapanNavigatingKitamaebuneIt is,The Pacific OceanIt was possible to navigate more safely and cheaply.Therefore, including this prefectureSea of ​​Japan sideThe area prospered by logistics.1878According to the demographics of (Meiji 11), it is also on the Sea of ​​Japan side.KanazawaIs the 5th largest city in JapanToyamaWas also the 9th largest city in Japan (note thatNiigataWas out of the top 10)[22].

    Also, according to author Hiroki Tatsui, Niigata Prefecture andHokuriku regionThen.Jodo ShinshuSuch asBuddhismFaith was strong[22]..Therefore, all over JapanRural"Thinning"(NewbornParents kill.povertyBy) and "For sale(Parents give a girlBrothelTo sell to.(Due to poverty) was very small in this prefecture and Hokuriku, and it was easy for the population to increase.[22].

    However, after the Meiji eraIndustrializationWith the progress ofPacific beltThe zone has developed andTrainWith the spread of sea shipping, shipping has declined.Along with that, from the Sea of ​​Japan side including this prefectureTokyo-Osaka such asPacific Ocean side OfBig cityAndSettlement OfHokkaidoThe population has flowed out[22].

    Population after Showa

    CensusThe population of this prefecture in[24],1940(ShowaOver 15 million people in 200),1955In (30), the number was 247.3 million, but1970In (Showa 45), the number decreased to 236.1 million.After that, it increased,1985In 60, it reached 247.8.1997(Heisei9 people (249 years)Estimated population) Recorded the peak.

    After that, it has been on a downward trend.[25],2005(17) 243.1 people (14th place nationwide),2010In 22, the number was 237.1 thousand. In particular, the number of young people aged 18 to 24 is seriously decreasing due to reasons such as going on to school or getting a job.

    Population distribution by age in Niigata prefecture and Japan (2005)Niigata Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
    Green-All over Japan

    Changes in the population of Niigata Prefecture
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


    Niigata Prefecture Population Ranking by City

    Metropolitan area

    Over 10Urban employment area(2015% urban area as of 10 Census)


    Ancient times


    • 1868(MeijiFirst year)- Boshin War(Battle of Hokuetsu) Outbreak.New government army captures Nagaoka Castle and controls Echigo
    Early Showa period


    Late Showa period

    Disaster history

    Major disaster

    Changes in administrative areas

    Change of prefecture

    Parentheses indicate the current municipality of the prefectural office.

    Murakami Domain(Murakami City),Kurokawa Domain(Wombai cityoldKurokawa Village),Mikkaichi Domain(Shibata CityMikkaichi),Shibata Domain(Shibata City),Muramatsu Domain(Gosen CityoldMuramatsu Town),Mineyama Domain(NiigataoldMakimachi),Nagaoka Domain(Nagaoka City),Yoita Domain(NagaokaoldYoita Town),Shiiya Domain(Shiiya, Kashiwazaki City)Takada Domain(Takada, Joetsu City),Kiyosaki Domain(Itoigawa
    Murakami prefecture, Mikkaichi prefecture, Kurokawa prefecture, Shibata prefecture, Muramatsu prefecture, Mineoka prefecture, Niigata prefecture, Kashiwazaki prefecture, Yoita prefecture, Shiiya prefecture, Takada prefecture, Kiyosaki prefecture, Sado prefecture
    • The former Aizu domain in Kambara-gun continues to be part of Wakamatsu Prefecture
    • 187112/31(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 11): Established the following 3 prefectures by integrating prefectures
      • Niigata(3rd, Niigata City): Shimoetsu 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)-Murakami, Mikkaichi, Kurokawa, Shibata, Muramatsu, Mineoka, Niigata
      • Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd, Kashiwazaki City): Jo, Chuetsu 5 counties (Kibuki, Kariwa, Uonuma, Mishima, Koshi)-Integrate Yoita, Shiiya, Takada, Kiyosaki and Kashiwazaki prefectures
      • Aikawa Prefecture(Former Aikawa Town, Sado City): Renamed Sado Prefecture
    • 1873(6th year of Meiji)6/10: Abolished Kashiwazaki Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
    • 1876(9th year of Meiji)4/18: Abolished Aikawa Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
    • 1886(19th year of Meiji)5/25: Transferred Higashikanbara District from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture
    Establishment of Niigata Prefecture

    Currently Niigata PrefectureUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyByOpen portSpecified inNiigataHold in the pipe,Boshin WarSince it became one of the main battlefields of Japan, the transition until its establishment was more complicated than in other prefectures. The transition until the establishment of Niigata Prefecture (second) in 1 (Meiji 1870) is "Echigofu"and"Kashiwazaki PrefectureSee section.

    • 18704/7(Meiji 3Lunar calendar November 3),Echigo countryIncluding NiigataJoetsuIt had jurisdiction over the government-controlled land in 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)SuwonWas abolished and the prefectural government moved to NiigataNiigata(Second) was established. ** At that time, in addition to Niigata prefecture, the current prefecture area has jurisdiction over the government-controlled areas in the five counties of Kamijo and Chuetsu (Kubijo, Kariwa, Uonuma, Santo, and Koshi).Kashiwazaki Prefecture,SadoHave jurisdiction over the entire areaSado prefecture, And was divided and controlled by 10 clans that had a clan office within the prefecture. In addition, in Kambara-gunAizu DomainTerritoryWakamatsu PrefectureWas under the jurisdiction of.
    • 18718/29(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 7)ofAbandoned DomainThrough the same year12/31(Lunar calendar November 11The former 2 prefectures of Shimoetsu 5 counties and the former 5 prefectures of 4 Joetsu/Chuetsu districts (Nagaoka DomainHad already been transferred to Kashiwazaki Prefecture) but merged with Kashiwazaki Prefecture,Niigata(3rd),Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd) and again in Sado prefectureAikawa PrefectureWas renamed.
    • 1873Kashiwazaki Prefecture in (Meiji 6)1876Aikawa prefecture was abolished in (Meiji 9) and merged into Niigata prefecture one after another, and Niigata prefecture has unified jurisdiction over Koshisa and Ryogoku.
    • 1886(19th year of Meiji), after going through Wakamatsu PrefectureFukushimaPart of Kambara-gun, which was under the jurisdiction of (1878Since the transfer of (Higashi-Kabahara-gun) to Niigata Prefecture (Meiji 11), the current prefecture area of ​​Niigata Prefecture has been established.

    Changes in the county

    Abolished municipalities/counties

    Abolished municipalitiesList of abolished municipalities in Niigata PrefectureSee.
    Abandoned county



    Prefectural governor

    Successive governors (public election)


    Degree of 2007
    Degree of 2006
    • Fiscal strength index 0.40
      • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 9th among 9 municipalities
    • Real debt service ratio 15.2
    • Current account ratio 91.6
    • Municipal bonds per capita Current amount 103 yen Ordinary account only
    • Laspeyres index 100.9
    Balance of local bonds, etc.
    • Municipal bonds for ordinary account 2 billion yen
    • Municipal bonds for special accounts other than the above 1773 billion yen
    • Debt for some related administrative associations: 8 million yen (debt x burden ratio)
    • Debts related to debt guarantee of the third sector, etc. ¥3 billion Niigata Prefecture Violence Expulsion Campaign Promotion Center, etc.
    Total amount of municipal bonds, etc. ¥2 billion (consolidated accounting)
    Degree of 2005
    • Fiscal strength index 0.38
      • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 5 municipalities
    Degree of 2004
    • Fiscal strength index 0.36
      • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 5 municipalities

    Niigata State Plan

    2011(23)1/25ToHirohiko IzumidaWith the Governor of NiigataAkira ShinodaAt a joint conference by the Mayor of Niigata,TokyoIn line with the current Niigata cityspecial areaTo other cities, towns and villages, and further mergers, with a population of 30Basic municipalityThe state transition plan was announced. Also, the authority of each special ward and basic municipality is assumed to be at a level higher than that of the current 23 special wards of Tokyo.[32].


    House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 6.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

    House of Representatives

    House of Councilors

    Niigata Prefecture Election District

    Economic and industrial

    2016(28) degree of gross domestic product is nominally 8 billion yen[33].. Of the majority of countries in the world GDP Have a larger scale. Prefectural income is 6 billion yen[33], Per capita income is 282.6 million yen[33].

    Primary industry

    Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

    Agriculture is one of the major industries.RiceProduct (Koshihikari Rice) Is the center, and the yield of Koshihikari is the highest in Japan.[34].. EspeciallyUonuma districtKoshihikari cultivated inKoshihikari from UonumaIt is the top brand that receives the highest evaluation in Japan for its taste, and is the best in Japan.RiceIt can be said to be the point. Also in relation to riceRice confectionery(Rice crackers,HailstoneEtc.) is the largest production value in Japan,SakeAlsoHyogo,KyotoIt is the third largest after, and the number of sake breweries is the largest in Japan.Because of the high production of ricerice flourResearch and use the research to sell productsNiigata millingHave invested in.

    Other than rice,eggplantEdamameThe planted area is the largest in Japan.Also,Tulip,watermelonCultivation is also active.

    Fishery:Is also popular,KamabokoSuch as fish meatPaste productIs also influential.

    Carp raising

    NishikigoiIn the 19th century, the current cities of Ojiya and Nagaoka (YamakoshiIt is believed that breeding began in areas centered on the area).Currently, Nishikigoi carp is being actively raised.

    Secondary industry


    Hokuriku Industrial AreaIt is also the central existence of.

    In Sanjo City and Tsubame City, the production of cutlery, hardware, Western tableware, etc. is thriving.

    Manufacturing industry

    Within the prefectureKerosine stove,Oil fan heaterThe production of such oil burning appliances is large.

    light industry

    In addition, the production of metal products is large. Tsubame City and Sanjo City MetalsTablewareOwns 9% of the domestic market share,Non-ferrous metal materialThere are many companies that have strengths in processing.Scissors,Knife,spannerSuch as metal toolsOsakaIt is second only after.

    In the textile industry,KnitsHas the highest production in Japan.However, in recent years, overseas relocation of production bases and low-priced foreigners seeking low labor costs (ChugokuAnd Southeast Asian countries, etc.).

    1989In XNUMX, the number of factory locations was the highest in Japan.


    gold mine

    OnceSado IslandGold and silver veins are distributed in (Sado Kanayama, See Aikawa Gold and Silver Mine, which was the largest in the modern and modern times.1989It was closed in (XNUMX).


    Few in JapancrudeIt is a production area of ​​oil and is known to have produced oil for a long time.Mainly around the modern eraAmase Oil Field(Izumozaki Town) AndHigashiyama oil field(Nagaoka),Niitsu oil field(NiigataAkiba) And so on.Even today, Niigata Prefecture is an oil-producing prefecture that accounts for most of Japan's oil production.

    Since modern times, many oil companies have been established in Niigata prefecture.As the main oneNippon Oil(CurrentlyENEOS),Showa Sekiyu(AfterShowa Shell Sekiyu),Daikyo Oil(CurrentlyCosmo Oil) And other major modern oil companies were founded in Niigata prefecture.

    Natural gas

    CurrentlyNatural gasMining is thriving,Minami Nagaoka Gas Field(Nagaoka City),Katagai Gas Field(Ojiya),Iwafune-oki oil and gas field(Wombai cityMining is being promoted in areas such as Oki.Higashi Niigata Oil and Gas Field(Niigata CityKita), Nishikanbara gas field (Niigata CityNishikan Ward), the Nakajo Gas Field (Townai City) accounts for 10% of the domestic production from groundwater after separation of water-soluble natural gas.IodineHave also been collected[35][36][37][38].

    Power generation

    Power generationThen,Shinano RiverBasin andAgano RiverLarge scale in the basinHydroelectric power plantIs located. AlsoKashiwazakiKariwaKariwa VillageIt is inTEPCO HoldingsKashiwazaki Kariwa Nuclear Power StationIs the world's largest nuclear power plant. otherJoetsu CityNaoetsuIn the district,Tohoku Electric Power,JERAOperate jointlyJoetsu Thermal Power StationThere is.

    Tertiary industry

    Wholesale, retail

    The annual product sales amount by business establishments in Niigata prefecture is the 14th largest in Japan in total for wholesale and retail trade (FY26).The number of businesses is still 12th and the number of employees is 14th.


    It has many hot spring areas and beaches, by prefecture.hot springNumber is third,BeachThe number is also third.

    Japan's leadingSnowy areaBecauseChuetsu regionJoetsu regionIn the mountains ofSki resortAre located in large numbers.However, immediately after the burst of the bubble1993Around (5)Ski boomIs gone, and even moreNiigata Chuetsu EarthquakeThe number of skiers in Niigata Prefecture has been declining since the 2000s due to the effects of heavy snowfall and concerns about traffic network paralysis due to heavy snowfall.Due to this effect, some ski resorts have been closed. (Detail isList of ski resorts in Japan#NiigataSee).In recent years, snow resortsRemodelIs advanced,Joetsu regionToHokuriku ShinkansenIs being sought for economic measures through industry-government-academia collaboration with local governments along the railway lines.

    It is often said that "Niigata people do not ski much"[Source required]However, for the citizens of the prefecture who know how to live under heavy snowfall in winter, the image of "snow = spicy" is strong.In other words, most skiers rarely become a silver world.Capital AreaThere is also an aspect that it was largely due to attracting customers from.In the future, a new tourism system is being built with the aim of "sightseeing that makes the most of snow."

    Life / infrastructure


    In many cities in Niigata prefectureGanki-doriThe cityscape of is left.


    Medical and welfare

    Disaster base hospital
    Licensed Nursery School

    life line

    Electricity, city gas


    Universities of high school students in Niigata prefecture in 2019Education continuance rateIs 46.9%, which is lower than the national value of 54.7%, but the vocational school enrollment rate is 26.0%, which is much higher than the national value (national value 16.4%), and the total enrollment rate of 72.9% is the national value. Over 71.1%[39].. Operates 27 vocational schools in the prefectureNSG Group OfNSG College LeagueIn addition, there are many vocational schools in the prefecture, and the number of special training schools per 10 people is 3.57, which is the 6th largest in Japan.[40].





    Junior college


    Correspondence University
    College of technology
    Vocational school
    Special school
    high school
    Junior high school
    primary school
    Other educational institutions
    Agricultural college
    Vocational Development Junior College

    Mass media

    News (Chinese)

    Local newspaper
    National newspaper


    NHK has jurisdiction over Kanto Koshinetsu (Metropolitan area broadcasting center(Direct control), and is often broadcast as the Kanto Koshinetsu region in news and weather forecasts.However, in rare cases, news and weather information including Niigata may be broadcast in Aichi, Shizuoka, Gifu, Yamanashi, Nagano, and Hokuriku prefectures.On the other hand, in national elections and amateur sports, it belongs to the Hokuriku / Shinetsu block, so these reports and broadcasts are not covered.Nagoya stationIt will be online with the 3 prefectures of Hokuriku via.Commercial broadcasters have exchanges with each broadcasting station in a corner special feature in the 10 prefectures of Chubu.

    In commercial broadcasting, in a program sponsored by Tohoku Electric Power,Tohoku regionMay be co-produced with a broadcasting station.especially,Tohoku BroadcastingMany are produced by (TBC TV).again,NaganoThere are also many relationships with the broadcasting stations of.

    In addition, NiigataChuoThen.Shinano RiverBroadcasting stations are lined up along the way.

    TV broadcast

    Within the prefectureNHKIn addition to the Niigata Broadcasting Station,Commercial broadcastThen.Nippon TV,TBS,Fuji Television Network, Inc,TV AsahiThere are affiliated stations of the four major key stations.The citizens of the prefecture are quick to respond to terrestrial digital broadcasting, and in the November 4 survey, it was the highest in Japan at 2010%.[41].

    The master station of the prefecture TV station / prefecture FM station and the main station of the FM complementary relay station are bothMt.It is installed in.

    Radio broadcast

    BSN radio for AM broadcasting,FM radioThen, JFN-series FM-NIIGATA covers the entire prefecture. Although the prefecture soil is wide and there are many base cities,motorizationIt is said that the ability to appeal by radio (FM, community FM, AM) is as high as that of television because of the development of.In Niigata City, the radio waves are so strong that it is very difficult for broadcasts from other areas to enter when trying to listen on the radio itself.The same is true for car radios, and the fact that radio waves are easy to fly makes it troublesome.

    Since this effect is small in almost the entire Joetsu region and the Uonuma region in the Chuetsu region, it is easier to listen to broadcasts from other regions, and it gets better at night.

    In addition, Five big citiesBe the first outside the areaIndependent radio stationHeisei New Bureau OfNiigata Prefecture FM Broadcasting(FM PORT) existed, but due to business difficulties, it was closed on June 2020, 6.

    Community FM
    • Shimoetsu district
      • FM KENTO --Chuo-ku, Niigata City All in-house produced programs
      • RADIO CHAT --Delivery of Music Bird, Akiha-ku, Niigata
      • Hot radio --All in-house produced programs in Nishikan Ward, Niigata City
      • RADIO AGATT --Distribution of Shibata City Music Bird
    • Chuetsu region
    • Joetsu region
      • The following two stations are bothJoetsu Cable VisionOperated by.It is the only community FM station in Japan that broadcasts two waves per company.howeverJoetsu Cable VisionIf you have a contract FM Tokyo J-WAVE InterFM897 It is possible to listen to the broadcast of (In the suburbs of Joetsu City and Myoko City, you can also receive directly on ordinary radio)
        • FM Joetsu FM-J --Distribution of Joetsu City Music Bird
        • FM Myoko-Myoko City Music Bird is delivered


    Air route

    2 below空港There is.


    So-called in Niigata PrefectureSea of ​​Japan TransitPasses.Long time agoKeihanshin,Capital AreaKitaou,HokkaidoTiePassenger car-freight trainEtc. were operated and operated.Now that it is a parallel conventional line, in freight transportationSea of ​​Japan sideIt is the main transportation artery of the city.


    ShinkansenHas the following two routes.

    Shinkansen arrives and departs in the prefectureRailway stationThere are 7 and this isIwateAlong withPrefecturesMost in[44]..The reasons for this are that this prefecture has a large area (5th in Japan) and that the Hokuriku Shinkansen was opened in the prefecture by a route different from the Joetsu Shinkansen.[44].

    There are two lines operating in this prefecture, the Joetsu Shinkansen and the Hokuriku Shinkansen, but these are not connected at the same station in the prefecture (the Joetsu Shinkansen is in the south).GunmaからChuetsu-Shimoetsu districtRun to.The Hokuriku Shinkansen is in the southwestNaganoからJoetsu regionRun in the westToyamaExit).Of all the prefectures in Japan, Niigata Prefecture is the only prefecture where multiple Shinkansen bullet trains are laid separately without intersecting.

    The closest stations to the Joetsu Shinkansen and Hokuriku Shinkansen stations areNagaoka StationJoetsu Myoko StationHowever, for movement between both stationshighway or Special express trainBut it takes at least 1 hour[45][46].

    Special express train

    Special express trainHas the following two trains.

    local train

    local trainAs multiple lines run.Sections very close to Niigata Station[Note 9] Is 3 per hour during the day (generally every 20 minutes), but most of the others are about 1 per hour during the day or less.


    Passenger ship



    Vehicle registration number




    Niigata Prefecture has a large difference in dialect depending on the region,Agakita areaThe dialect ofTohoku dialectIs a type ofKitaou dialect,Sado IslandThe dialect ofHokuriku dialect, Other areasTokai Higashiyama dialectIs a type ofEchigo wordare categorized(Tojo MisaoClassification by).

    Food culture:

    local cuisine
    Food culture:

     Due to the wide prefecture area, the food culture is quite different even within the same prefecture.If you look at the center of the media, there are many things that are taken up up to the area around Nagaoka City in the Chuetsu region.

     Zoni is the most typical.As represented by Murakami, salted salmon is a tradition at the end of the year, so in the Kaetsu region, there are many combinations of grilled salmon and mochi.

     In the Joetsu region, there are many combinations of wild plants and chicken that are close to the Hokushin region of Nagano prefecture.As a tendency that is almost common in the prefecture, osechi is often eaten at the beginning of the year.

     On New Year's Eve, there are surprisingly many families called hors d'oeuvres and sushi.

     Also, in the Joetsu region, it is customary to eat "sharks" over the years, but it is rare in other Kaetsu regions, and the top is completely different in the Kaetsu region.

     It is also sold as a side dish like a simmered dish, but in the Joetsu region, there is a difference even with the same name, which is to thicken with potato starch.

    Traditional crafts

    Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
    Traditional crafts

    Cultural property

    Important traditional buildings preservation area
    Important cultural landscape



    • Local in 2003LeekFormed for PRNegiccoIs "Local idolPioneer of[49].. In 2019, leader Nao☆ also became a precursor to "a female idol who continues to be active even after getting married"[50].
    • ShrineThe number is about 5,000, which is the first place in Japan (the second place is about 1 companies in Hyogo prefecture).
    • There used to be a local dog named Echigo Shiba, but it is already extinct.



    Foreign relations

    Sister municipalities/affiliated municipalities

    sister city
    Friendly municipality

    Works set in Niigata Prefecture






    People from Niigata Prefecture

    About the word "gata"

    Refers to the prefecture漢字Notation and pronunciation
    [ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 10]
    Orthographic characters
    New yearVariantOne of the examples
    ChineseNiigataXīn xiè
    Simplified characters(Mandarinother)
    Shinpei繁体字(Taiwanese languageother)
    NiigataXīn xì
    (Recommended by the Niigata Prefectural Office)

    Refers to the prefecture漢字There are multiple notations,JapaneseIn whichFontEven "Igata,[ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 10] Read. Above allOrthographic charactersIt is said that "NiigataIs the most common notation.Also called dialect Chinese,SanzuiUsing the “Saga” to write inNiigataMay be written. Formerly "Sakai"Collection of clausesIt is a generally recognized character that is registered to[52][53],Edo PeriodIn the book (printing book) ofMatsuo Basho"Okunohoso Road"andAkinari Ueda"Rain moon story""Zousai" (currentlyAkitaNikaho City OfKisakata) Can be seen[54],Suzuki Makiyuki"Hokuetsu Snow Score』Allows the use of "Saku" even in the current place names in this prefecture, such as "Shinzaki" and "Garmor"[55]. With the circulation of these printed books, it became a “lagoon” nationwide.AbbreviationIt is considered that "Sakura" was said to have been viewed in the same row.[54](There are multipleVariantThere is[55]).

    MeijiWhen you enterLetterpressIs the mainstream of publications,The end of the warSold byMincho type OfTypeWhen I looked up, only "gata", which is the official letter, was sold, and "sagar," which was the abbreviation, was not sold.[54]. In other words, after the Meiji era, the letters "Sakai" were wiped out of the printed materials, but Niigata, Kisakata,Hachirogata[52]OrShimane Shiragata Tenmangu Shrine[56] For example, in areas where "gata" is used on a daily basis, "Sakura" survives other than print.DialectIt turned into. In Niigata Prefecture, "Niigata" was also used for road signs,1981(Showa"56")Common kanjiWhen adopted by the[54][57].

    "Lagoon" is often used as an example of Chinese characters that many people cannot write correctly.

    ChineseInSimplified charactersso"Niigata'[58],繁体字so"Shinpei'[59] You can see an example written as. They areMandarinpinyin: Xīn xièPronounced (since).2007(19)6/28 OfNiigata Prefectural Assembly6Regular meetingIn the General Affairs Education Committee, in ChineseSack(Lagoon) And the meaning ofThere was a question that questioned these Chinese notations because it was different[60].. same year8/1,Niigata Prefectural OfficeIn Chinese on the official websiteNiigata"(pinyin: Xīn xì[61] Requested the use of the notation "Cynthy" within the prefectural office and prefecture-related organizations (JapaneseAt the end, stop using "Shinzaki"NiigataIs not a request to use)[61].


    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ HonshuThe part is 331.0 km.Sado IslandIs 279.9 km,AwashimaIs 23.1 km.
    2. ^ Teradomari 2000-2020, Matsuhama 2003-2020
    3. ^ For a while, the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education compiled "Our Niigata Prefecture", which stated that the Sado region would be included in the Kaetsu region.
    4. ^ Wide area municipalities described belowSome parts are different from Tsubame City and Yahiko Village.
    5. ^ More precisely, in 1876, it corresponds to the present Toyama prefecture.Shinkawa PrefectureWas annexed to Ishikawa Prefecture.In the same year, "TsurugaIs north-south (ReinanReihoku), And ReinanShiga, Minekita was annexed to Ishikawa Prefecture.
    6. ^ More precisely, Fukui Prefecture became independent in 1881, and Toyama Prefecture became independent in 1883.
    7. ^ More specifically, "Osaka Prefecture" before that was the area of ​​the northern half of the present Osaka Prefecture, and the southern half of the present Osaka Prefecture was "" at that time.Sakai prefectureWas under the jurisdiction.Sakai Prefecture is also the currentNara(Yamato) Was also under the jurisdiction.Since Osaka Prefecture merged Sakai Prefecture in 1881, it now has jurisdiction over the entire area of ​​Osaka Prefecture and Nara Prefecture.
    8. ^ The company name from the start of broadcasting to September 2019 is Niigata General Television Co., Ltd.
    9. ^ Niigata Station- Niitsu Station-Uchino Station-Toyoei Station
    10. ^ a b "Ni" at the beginning of the wordInternational phonetic symbolsThen. [ɲi] Indicated byHard palate nasalIs supposed to be used, but in realityPalate officialGum nasal Of [nʲi] Also.


    1. ^ "Designate Nishikigoi as a "prefecture fish"”. Niigata Public Relations and Public Hearing Division (March 2017, 3). As of August 29, 2019originalMore archives.2017/5/9Browse.
    2. ^ "The 129th Niigata Prefectural Statistical Yearbook 2018 (Chapter 1 Prefectural Land and Meteorology)". Niigata Prefectural Office Statistics Section, Statistics Division, General Affairs Management Department (June 2019, 6). 2022/1/12Browse.
    3. ^ "Statistical data> Statistics of Japan> Contents of this book> Chapter 2 Population / Households> Population by prefecture and population increase / decrease rate". Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau. 2022/1/12Browse.
    4. ^ a b c d e "Links: Municipalities in the prefecture | Search from the map". Niigata Prefectural Office Governor Policy Bureau ICT Promotion Division Smart Local Government Promotion Group Planning and Coordination (August 2019, 8). 2022/1/12Browse.
    5. ^ Niigata Prefectural Government General Affairs Department Municipal Division Administrative Group (August 2021, 8). “Population by municipality and number of households based on the Basic Resident Register". Niigata Prefectural Office. 2022/1/2Browse.
    6. ^ "Commentary on the XNUMXnd edition of the World Encyclopedia "Koshisa Historical Materials"". Koto bank. 2022/1/12Browse.
    7. ^ a b c "Niigata Prefecture History Counseling Room > Consultation on Niigata Prefecture in general > QXNUMX When was Niigata Prefecture established?”. Niigata Prefectural Archives. 2022/1/12Browse.
    8. ^ a b c "Statistical Data Handbook (24) Chapter 1 Prefectural Land and Meteorology”. Niigata Prefectural Government General Affairs Department Statistics Division Statistics Information Group (January 2019, 1). 2022/1/12Browse.
    9. ^ "Water Management / Land Conservation> Statistics / Survey Results> Japanese Rivers> First-class Rivers in Hokuriku-Shinano River". Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2022/1/12Browse.
    10. ^ "Japanese Encyclopedia (Nipponica) Commentary on "Echigo Plain"". Koto bank. 2022/1/12Browse.
    11. ^ "Explanation of "Sekikawa", the complete encyclopedia of Japan (Nipponica)". Koto bank. 2022/1/12Browse.
    12. ^ "Commentary on "Takada Plain", the complete encyclopedia of Japan (Nipponica)". Koto bank. 2022/1/12Browse.
    13. ^ a b "Characteristics of weather in Niigata Prefecture". Niigata Local Meteorological Observatory. 2022/6/25Browse.
    14. ^ a b "Niigata Prefecture Snow Information Snowfall materials”. Niigata Prefecture. 2022/6/25Browse.
    15. ^ “The world's largest snowfall, 8m18cm! Spring in Itakuraku, Itakuraku, Joetsu City”Joetsu Town Journal. (March 2010, 3). https://www.joetsutj.com/articles/51709610 
    16. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency data is "Japan Meteorological Agency Past meteorological data search(Viewed on February 2021, 2), prefecture data is "Niigata Prefecture Snow Information Snowfall Data --Niigata Prefecture(Retrieved on February 2021, 2).
    17. ^ "Announcement area for weather warnings, warnings, and weather forecasts: Niigata Prefecture”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2020/2/24Browse.
    18. ^ "Ⅲ Other wide-area administrative systems Cooperation Central urban areas, independent settlement areas, etc.". Wide-area administrative office guide. Niigata Prefecture General Affairs Department Municipal Division. 2020/2/22Browse.
    19. ^ Wide area municipalities within Niigata Prefecture due to merger of municipalities -Niigata Prefecture
    20. ^ "Regional characteristics data: Meiji period and present population list by prefecture". Hokuriku Social Capital 2003.Hokuriku Regional Development Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/2/22Browse.
    21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Hiroki Tatsui (June 2021, 6). "Why were Niigata and Ishikawa the" largest population in Japan "?History of Japan's modernization as seen from the changes in the population of prefectures ". Netorabo. https://nlab.itmedia.co.jp/research/articles/1167/ 2022/1/2Browse. 
    22. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 19
    23. ^ Niigata Prefecture as seen in statistical graphs 20 edition (Niigata Prefecture) - Wayback machine(For archived March 2013, 6)
    24. ^ Prefectural population, with population of 230 million people announced[Broken link](Niigata Nippo April 2015, 4)
    25. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 6
    26. ^ "033rd Diet Legal Committee No. 6". House of Representatives (September 1959, 12). 2010/2/6Browse.
    27. ^ Cooperation in submarine resource development 10 prefectures along the coast of the Sea of ​​Japan: Sankei Shimbun September 2012, 9-Archived by WayBack Machine
    28. ^ Methane hydrate utilization research 10 prefectures established conference[Broken link]: Kobe Shimbun September 2012, 9
    29. ^ Established coalition and coalition in resource development of the Sea of ​​Japan. 10 prefectures on the Sea of ​​Japan side, such as this prefecture: Niigata Daily September 2012, 9
    30. ^ Methane hydrates, 10 prefectures unite survey in Sea of ​​Japan: Asahi Shimbun September 2012, 9
    31. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Pages 122-123
    32. ^ a b c "Summary of 28 prefectural economic calculation”. Statistics Division, General Affairs Department, Niigata Prefecture. 2020/2/22Browse.
    33. ^ "Amount of harvest of paddy rice produced in 21 by variety”. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister's Office Statistics Department (February 2010, 2). 2012/9/9Browse.
    34. ^ Natural gas extraction and supplyToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
    35. ^ What is iodineToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
    36. ^ Business activities Nakajo Oil Works. JX Oil Development. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
    37. ^ Overview of natural gas in Niigata. Natural Gas Mining Association. Retrieved 2020 July 7.
    38. ^ "Basic survey of schools in the first year of Reiwa" --Announced by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology on December 12, 25.
    39. ^ Statistics of prefectures in statistics 2019 -Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
    40. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Penetrance Survey on Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting" November 22
    41. ^ a b "Timetable”. Niigata Airport. 2022/1/11Browse.
    42. ^ "Sado Airport". Niigata Prefectural Office Sado Regional Development Bureau Regional Development Department (Port Airport) (August 2020, 8). 2022/1/11Browse.
    43. ^ a b Hiroyuki Nitta (October 2021, 10). "Where is the prefecture of the Shinkansen station" most owned "? ”. Netorabo. https://nlab.itmedia.co.jp/nl/amp/2110/07/news154.html 2022/1/11Browse. 
    44. ^ "From Joetsu Myoko Station to Nagaoka Station". Google map. 2022/1/11Browse.
    45. ^ "Timetable (List of stations) | Limited Express Shirayuki No. 2 (Niigata-Arai)". JR East. 2022/1/11Browse.
    46. ^ "Highway bus in Niigata prefecture". Niigata Transportation. 2022/1/10Browse.
    47. ^ Nobuo Homma, Rinichi Shingu, Kazuo Ishihara, Emiko Sato "Study on the point of contact between East and West food culture on the Sea of ​​Japan side (III): Old fish and kelp rolls"Bulletin of Prefectural Niigata Women's Junior College," Vol. 27, March 1990, pp. 3-75.
    48. ^ "Local pioneer pioneer" Negicco・Nao☆ announced enrollment! The long-cherished Perfume scene became a meeting place! -The Television February 2019, 2
    49. ^ Why is Negicco Nao☆'s marriage announcement not criticized? What's happening in the idol world -Gadget Communications February 2019, 2
    50. ^ The stage of the TV anime "Magical Girl Raising Plan" is Joetsu City⁉
    51. ^ a b Present and future of Chinese characters 223nd Spread and disappearance of abbreviations for "gata"(SanseidoWordwise Web September 2012, 9)
    52. ^ Present of Kanji 224th "Kijo" and "Cervical vertebra" in Niigata(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2012, 9)
    53. ^ a b c d Character Sanpo "Whereabouts of the dialect "Sa""(National Institute for Japanese Language"NIDL Window" No. 32, published on July 2007, 7)
    54. ^ a b Japanese kanji (Hiroyuki Sasahara Author,Iwanami Shinsho Published January 2006, 1) p.20 and p.62
    55. ^ Present of Kanji No. 51 "Tofu" that does not "rot" in Shimane(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2009, 11)
    56. ^ "Is "Niigata=Shin (Sanzui + Photo)" true?”. Niigata Nippo (August 2006, 8). 2009/3/31Browse.[Broken link]
    57. ^ Viewing: Japan Shin-Sho Fire & Fire Station 140 Kiboya(with the BBC(Chubun Net, December 2016, 12)
    58. ^ Mitomo: 140 Shinjuku fire in Japan(BBC Chinese Net, December 2016, 12)
    59. ^ June 19 Regular Meeting General Affairs Education Committee June 6, 19(Niigata Prefectural Assembly minutes search)
    60. ^ a b ●Notation of "Niigata" in Chinese (August 19, 8)(Niigata Prefecture)

    Related literature

    • "History of Niigata Prefecture" edited by Masataro Watanabe, Banshodo Bookstore, 1896.NDLJP:764693. 

    Related item

    外部 リンク

    Official website
    Niigata Public Relations Section (@Niigata_Press)- Twitter
    Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Bureau (@Niigata_Bousai)- Twitter
    Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Portal
    Niigata LIVE camera
    Current Niigata
    [Official] Recommended sightseeing and travel information for Niigata Prefecture! Niigata Tourism Navigation -Niigata Prefecture Tourism Association
    Tokyo Niigata Kenjinkai Official Page
    "Niigata (prefecture)』- Koto bank

    Murakami prefecture-Mikkaichi Prefecture-Kurokawa Prefecture-
    Shibata-Muramatsu Prefecture-Mineoka

    Kashiwazaki Prefecture

    Aikawa Prefecture

    Changes in administrative districts
    1871 - (Second Niigata Prefecture)
    Next generation


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